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May 21, 1951 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1951-05-21

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


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U Presidents Buck Tough Opposition


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Rapid University Growth


(Continued from Page 1)
ate independently and face the
new penalties. for classroom tar-
diness without the bell, he was
willing to go along with their
plan. Six weeks later they pe-
titioned for a new bell.
The beloved president was not
without anger, however. When
prankish students stole the chapel
Bible and threw it into the vault
of a water closet, President Tap-
pan was filled with righteous in-
In his administrative capacities
President Tappan faced many dif-
ficulties. His decision to appoint
faculty men on the basis of their
abilities alone and ignore the
church to which they belonged
angered several churches.
In addition, he was thought
to be intemperate, for he oc-
casionally served wine on his
side board.
Pressures from church groups
throughout the state and news-
papers who resented Tappan's
"pomposity" led to a lameduck
Board of Regents' decision to force
his resignation. in 1863.
Bitter and disappointed, Tap-
pan left for Europe and died in
Switzerland in 1881.
* * *
MATTERS of University admin-
istration were not much sim-
pler for Tappan's successor, Eras-
Only Portable With -

tus Otis Haven, a professor of
Latin.. Haven had to face reper-
cussions from the shock of Tap-
pan's resignation. Students and
alumni groups all over the coun-
try were protesting that Tappan
had been treated unfairly.
And two other issues developed
during Haven's administration
which were to cause the tactful,
kindly man much trouble. The
first was the famous homeopathy
case which was never completely
settled until late in the 1920's.
State Legislators decided in
1867 to make a financial grant
to the University but attached a
string to the aid. In order to
make the grant, they insisted
that a school of homeopathy be
set up. Homeopathy was an un-
orthodox medical theory which
had won many supporters, many
of whom were almost fanatical.
But Haven who could not ae-
cept money based on special
favofs, was able to convince the
legislators to forget the homeo-
pathy idea.
The Legislature also decided
that women ought to be admitted
to the University. Haven was op-
posed but after a time he changed
his mind.
Despite his diplomatic agility,
Haven was not free from religious
pressures which had plagued Pres-
ident Tappan. An ordained Meth-
odist minister, Tappan found him-
self in, trouble after he preached
in a Detroit Unitarian church. A
storm of protest from clerics and
laymen alike followed his appear-
ance and this along with his other
troubles fcrced President Haven
to resign in June, 1869. He then
became president of Northwestern
* * *
WHILE officials tried to tempt
James P. Angell to Ann Ar-
bor, the University for two years
was without a president. Latin
professor Henry S. Frieze was
acting president.
In 1871, however, Angell, recog-
nizing the educational potential
of the Michigan school, resigned
as president of the University of
Vermont to become third presi-
dent of the University. He stayed
for 38 years.
Angell's first task was to
get the lay of the land at the
small college. His duties, as .he
saw them, were to visit classes,
talk to students and faculty
members, and to act as registrar
and dean of students for a
It was his close contact with
the student body that endeared
him to thousands of students and
alumni during the time he served
here. President Angell was said
to know literally hundreds of stu-
dents by their first names.

The old troubles which had
bothered his predecessors. contin-
ued to pop up. The homeopathy
issue came up again and was
compromised in 1875, allowing a
school to be established here. And
a case of forgery concerning two
members of the faculty of the
chemistry department attracted
national attention.
But many improvements were
made during President Angell's
term. He laid the cornerstone
for old University Hall, which
was torn down in Fall, 1950.
The Hall was called the finest
college building in the country.
Under Angell's administration
an emphasis was put on the art
of teaching and in 1879 a chair
devoted exclusively to profes-
sional training of teachers was
set up.
Other expansions included the
establishment of a college of den-
tal surgery in 1875, a pharmacy
college in 1876, summer. school in
1894, a separate department of
engineering in 1895 and a forestry
department in 1903.
* * *
ANGELL'S relationship with
students was generally good. Ask-
ed about applying military disci-
pline on campus, he said he
thought it would be good for the
faculty who bothered him more
than the students did,
President Angell's tact and dip-
lomatic skill was recognized by the
national authorities when he was
appointed to head a government
commission to China in 1880.
While there Angell encouraged
many Chinese students to attend
the University and since then the
University has been a favorite of
Chinese students.
Seven years later he was again
off on a diplomatic venture, this
time to negotiate a treaty with
England for fishing rights off
In 1905 after 34 years as presi-
dent, Angell tried to retire but
his resignation was refused by the
Board of Regents. Four years la-
ter, he was able to begin his long-
deserved retirement.
* * ,
AFTER Angell's retirement in
1909, Harry Burn Hutchins,
dean of the law school, served as
acting 'president for a year. He
was then officially named presi-
dent, the first University alumnus
to take the office.
During President Hutchin's ad-
ministration, several innovations
in University organization took
place. The Graduate School be
came a separate unit and students
were required to take undergrad-
uate work before going into Law
or Medical School.
Women received special con-
sideration during Hutchin's de-
cade. The first three women's
dormitories, Helen Newberry,
Betsy Barbour and Martha Cook,
were built at this time. And the
first three women ' professors
were appointed.f
Hutchins, whose name is com-
memorated in the Law School's
Hutchins Hall, is remembered for
his skill in working with the State
Legislature, for the many build-
ings which were erected during his
administration and for the higher
salaries he was able to secure for
some faculty members who were
considering leaving the Univer-
IN 1920 President Hutchins re-
tired and Marion Leroy Burton
was named his successor.
An ordained minister, Burton
had had long experience in the
educational field, having served as

World's No.1 Portable
215 East Liberty
Phone 2-1213

A CLOSE STUDY of these two
pictures shows in graphic
form the tremendous expansion
in the University plant during
the span of Alexander G. Ruth-
ven's presidency.
The lower photo was taken in
the early 1930's, shortly after
President Ruthven took office.
The upper air view was made in
the spring of last year.
Missing from the lower picture
are Burton Tower, the new ad-
ditions to the Chemistry and
East Engineering Buildings, the
Admnistration Bldg., West
Quadrangle, the Law Library
and the Law School's Hutchins
Other major additions, some
of which are visible in the upper
picture, include the Business Ad-
ministration Bldg., the Materni-
ty Hospital, the Student Publi-
cations Bldg., and all large resi-
dence halls now standing on
The only major "subtractions"
during the period are Haven Hall
and old Universty Hall with its
adjoining sections.
president of Smith College and
the University of Minnesota be-
fore coming to Michigan.
One of President Burton's first
moves was to build up the phys-
ical facilities of the University.
Faced with a shortage of class-
room buildings, Burton decided
to take definite action and in-
vited State Legislators to visit
the campus to see the situation
for themselves.
Subsequently, the University
was given a large financial grant
and embarked on a long-range
building plan. During Burton's
administration, University High
School, East Engineering Build-
ing, Yost Field House and East
Medical Building were erected.
But the most important addition

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was Angell Hall, which became Just 20 days after he came to convincing the Board of Regents problems and administrative po-
the center of the literary college. Ann Arbor, President Little found that all students should be re- licy.
Burton was noted for his friend- himself in trouble with some of quired to take a two year prepar- An informal man, he did not
ship with Calvin Coolidge and in the state clerical bodies for de- atory course before entering a - like to bother to be diplomatic
1924 the University president was claring a need for birth control professional school. in many instances. He preferred
called upon to nominate Coolidge and sterilization of criminals. * * * *I h..m,.+ tan ii *, oall


iIe Q arr-

o ^0
for ears of
good service
1319 $outh University Phone 3-1733
r o o o o o o o o o o o

at the Republican Convention in
His nominating speech was
among the last actions for Presi-
dent Burton. After a long illness,
Burton died on February 18, 1925.
PRESIDENT Burton's successor.'
Clarence Cook Little, previous-
ly president of the University of
Maine, soon after his inaugura-
tion found himself facing the kind
of difficulties which had charac-t
terized the administrations of
some of the University's early;

A well known biology re- THE NEW University president
searchist, President Little claim- also evoked protests from the stu-
ed he was speaking for himself dent body with the official auto-
as an individual scientist, not nobile ban which prohibited the
as president of the University, use of cars on campus. An attempt
but some churchmen found this !o eliminate drinking from fra-
hard to accept. ternities also stirred protest.
President Little also incurred But despite these actions, Pres-
the wrath of parents by his state- ident Little was known as a
he th eof cpaulntseeyohi t -friend of the students. Every Sun-
ments that he could see no point dymrigh ol niea
in continuing education for "stu- day morning he would invite a
dents so dumb that they refused group of representative students
to take advantage of the wonder- to his home to talk over student
ful course of study offered them
at the University."

te aranx , reL appro ~ w ni
problems and because of this
habit he found his job as Uni-
versity president more and more
In January, 1929, President Lit-
tle offered his resignation to the
Regents and returned to Maine
to do biological experimentation.
He has since done outstanding
work in the field of cancer re-
After Little's resignation, the
Regents began an intensive search
for a man who could restore tran-
quility to the campus and main-
tain the tradition of scholarship
in the president's chair. After
nearly nine months they picked
acting President Alexander G.

He was, however, successful in3




Best Wishes
President Rutlhven I


Men's Store


President Ruthven
We are Certain that your Hi ture
years will be just as useful and as
fruit ulas your past twenty-two
U Iaar ^c t l7l ?N '17 + si" "? l(11 " I I I


A Dail y
Special Edition
Edited by
Dave Thomas

Ruthven, a hard-working zoolo-
gist with a flair for administra-
tion who had been dean of
administration under his friend





for a


& Mrs.

Ru thven



11111 I I


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