THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SATURDAY, MAY 12, 1951
T HE LOSS which the University com-
munity will sustain in the resignation
of Provost James P. Adams will be keenly
Provost Adams came to the University
in 1945 just before the end of the second
world war gave the signal for the opening
of A new period in American education.
The "GI Era" which saw enrollment on
this campus alone jump from 9,000 to
22,000 in the space of a few years, placed
incalculable strain on both the faculties
and physical capacities of U. S. educa-
Directing his attention to the enlarge-
ment of the teaching staff and the co-
ordination of budget matters, Provost
Adams was, in a very large part, respon-
sible for the success with which the Uni-
versity met the challenge.
An economist and a skilled arbiter of
labor disputes, Provost Adams is popular
for his democratic methods as an admin-
istrator. He has also given generously
Sof his time and effort in. various youth
movements and civic projects.
We are sure that we join his many
friends in the administration, faculty,
and student body in wishing him well in
his subsequent career.
-The Senior Editors.
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
By J. M .ROBERTS, JR.
AP Foreign Affairs Analyst
HERE SEEMS to me to be a great deal
more to the Russian attitude at the
Paris Four-Power Conference than a mere
attempt to get the West to suspend its de-
ense program at the expense of the hoped
for balance of power.
This attempt, which has been described
by Secretary Acheson, really has a dual
objwetive in which the surface manifesta-
tions are less important than the hidden
Even the isolated Kremlin could hardly be
so ignorant of world attitudes as to expect
direct success for such a proposal. The at-
tempt may have had some effect, although
hardly a decisive one, amid the many com-
plicating factors Which have put the brake
on the German rearmament idea. But even
he Russians know that the West is not
going to disarm while she maintains armies
in her satellites and pursues her present
The main Russian objective at the stale-.
mated Paris agenda conference, which was
supposed to be the forerunner of a full-
cale foreign ministers' conference, is prob-
ably a part of her great world-wide "peace
This latter is being conducted on a scale
hardly attained by any other Communist
program since abolition of the old Comin-
tern. It's first purpose is to win the cold
war without fighting, by winning the
minds of the world's gullible people. Set-
ting itself up as the great campaigner for
peace, the Russians have already per-
suaded a great many confused people that
In order to obtain this most greatly de-
sired of all human objectives, they should
support Russian foreign policy.
The Western powers entered the Paris
conference convinced that no good could
come from it. It has now become axiomatic
that there can be no real peace with the
present Russian regime or any other which
seeks to control the whole world. Russia not
only has to act but to live a little more like
other people before there can be any real
hope. World security is a prerequisite for
any sort of real peace, and cannot be at-
tained as long as any totalitarian group
possesses the power to make war without
consulting its people.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: ZANDER HOLLANDER
Foreign Affairs Chairman
WASHINGTON-The administration views
the accession of a South Carolina Dem-
ocrat, Rep. James Richards, as Chairman of
the House Foreign Affairs Committee with
optimism touched by a slight reserve.
The reserve stems almost entirely from
the fact that Representative Richards
last year sponsored an amendment to cut
the arms aid bill for Europe by 50 per
cent and got it past the House via the
familiar conservative Democrat-Republi-
can coalition. The cut was later restored
by the Senate.
In his battle, the new chairman, had the
enthusiastic help of the able, aggressive
Rep. John Vorys, an Ohio Republican, who
is counted by the administration as a Taft
party liner. Representatives Richards and
Vorys are leading the House delegation to
the late Chairman John Kee's funeral. Con-
ceding that you can choose your friends if
not your family, the Truman leaders are
wondering if that apparently very close
connection spells future trouble.
Representative Richards is too intelligent
and vigorous a man-at 56 he brings needed
new blood into the Democratic hierarchy on
the hill-to be a rubber stamp. But an in-
and-outer on administration policy who is
a chairman of so important a committee
can cause the White House many unhappy
hours of apprehension.
The administration suffered a blow this
'week when the GOP leadership out Sena-
tor Brewster of Maine, a 60 per cent iso-
lationist whose initial message is a de-
mand for more consultation with con-
gress, into Senator Vandenberg's seat on
Foreign gelations. Senator Brewster is
an effective lobby lieutenant of Senator
Taft, a classmate at Harvard Law School.
The new arrangement for the first time
gives Mister Republican a reliable pipe-
line into foreign relations as all senators
realize. Hitherto an old-school-tie spirit
has flourished in the committee despite
some heated arguments.. Senator Taft has
often inveighed against it.
On the whole however the President is
being assured that he is lucky to get Rep-
resentative Richards since the seniority sys-
tem almost inevitably gives the bulk of com-
mittee chairmanships to southerners. On
nearly every important foreign-policy issue,
the chairman has joined the Truman team.
Happily the President has never dashed
off any letters to him late at night; their
relations have been strictly official. Con-
gressman Richards says he has not the
slightest idea what Mr. Truman thinks of
him personally; for his part he has sympa-
thy for the holder of the toughest job in the
world. As a South Carolinian, he can, of
course, leave him alone on civil rights and
various other domestic issues.
Regarding major foreign-policy contro-
versies the chairman will not annoy the
President. On MacArthur: "I have great
admiration for him but his recall was in-
evitable in view of his conflict with the
Joint Chiefs of Staff." On Acheson: "I
have never asked his removal. We should
settle that in the family; it was most un-
fortunate the Republicans condemned him
just before a Foreign Ministers meeting
abroad." On Asia versus Europe as our
first line of defense: "We're against
Communism and the center of the guns,
brains and devilment is the Kremlin, not
The press galleries like Representative
Richards with one reservation-they don't
think he works hard enough. His new job
ought to cure that tendency unless the world
takes a very surprising turn for the better.
(Copyright. 1951, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
"I Thought We Just Wanted War
With The Democrats"
. fy / )q
K.r 4,w 5 j ."4 n 1. .
XettePA TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
WITfi DREW PEARSON
W ASHINGTON - Most important diplo-
matic debate of the Korean war has
been going on backstage at the United Na-
tions-namely, an arms boycott of Red
So far our UN allies haven't got around
to voting to ban arms, let alone an eco-
nomic embargo. However, it remains a
fact that this is one of the most import-
ant steps to be taken against any aggres-
Furthermore there is a long history of
diplomatic pussyfooting regarding this by
our supposedly good friends-pussyfooting
that eventually has landed them in war..
Here is some case history:
Pussyfoot No. 1-Was when the British
undercut us in 1931 when Japan first in-
vaded Manchuria. Issues almost identical to
the Korean aggression were involved in
Manchuria, and the late Secretary of State
Henry L. Stimson saw them clearly. He saw
that Japan was sowing the first wild oats of
aggression, just as Russia is today, and that
if she got away with one aggressive bite
there would be more.
But Stimson never could get the British,
who had more at stake than we, to cooper-
ate. When U.S. Ambassador Cameron For-
bes would deliver a note of protest, the Bri-
tish Ambassador did likewise-then dropped
round to ',the Japanese Foreign Office an
hour or two later to explair that Britain's
note was merely to please the Americans
and not to be taken seriously.
Pussyfoot No. 2-Was when ' President
Roosevelt tried to organize an economic
blockade of Japan in 1936 in order to stop
further aggression against China. By this
time the British realized their 1931 mistake
and went along with us. But Roosevelt could
not get the support of other European pow-
ers. Hitler and Mussolini were too strong by
that time, and he also faced the private
opposition of Cordell Hull.
PUSSYFOOT NO. 3-Came when Musso-
lini invaded helpless Ethiopia. This was
one of the crudest cases of aggression the
modern world has seen, and the tottering
League of Nations conscientiously tried to
act. But although an economic blockade was
voted for the first time in history, two
things made it unsuccessful.
One was the exclusion of oil. The big Am-
erican and British Oil Companies pulled
backstage wires, managed to scare British
and American diplomats into permitting the
continued shipment of oil to Mussolini.
Without oil, 'his fleet would have been para-
lyzed and his trucks could not have moved.
But we pussyfooted.
Furthermore, the big powers, after voting
the embargo, refused to use their navies to
back it up. It became a pitiful, pathetic
Pussyfoot No. 4-This' is taking place
right now in regard to Red China, an ob-
vious, wanton aggressor in Korea. While the
British are the worst pussyfooters, we in the
U.S.A., including General MacArthur him-
self, have pulled our punches.
MacArthur, for instance, has permitted
a steady driblet of strategic materials to
flow into Red China from Japan. From
July to October, 1950, he permitted $8,-
106,000 in metals, machinery and textiles
to leave Japan for China. From October
to January, Jap exports to the Commun-
ists increased to $11,100,000. Since Mac-
Arthur controlled all Jap exports, this
could have been stopped.
However, the flow of British goods en-
tering China through Hong Kong is the
most shocking scandal of the entire Korean
war. While American lives are being snluf-
fed out, British millionaires are being made
Yet the State Department has taken no
tough steps, such as a threat to cut off U.S.
economic aid to Britain, as a means of stop-
ping this trade. The British have blocked
the actual flow of arms to China, but in
these days of modern warfare, it's strategic
materials that really count.
W HETHER YOU are for General Mac-
Arthur or not, it is almost certain that
from a strictly military long-range point of
view he will win the present argument. No
matter how you slice your bread in Korea,
MacArthur will probably end up with the
buttered side. Here is the reason why:
Unless the UN wins an outstanding and
easy victory, which isn't likely, there are
three possible military alternatives:
1. We will have to withdraw from Korea
altogether. This will be considered a victory
for MacArthur, since his proponents will
argue that if we had bombed Manchurian
bases we would not have had to withdraw.
2. There will be a stalemate. In this case
MacArthur will also be considered right in
the eyes of many, who will argue that if we
had bombed Chinese bases and used Chiang
Kai-Shek's troops, there would have been
3. We will bomb Chinese bases. UN lead-
ers have come part way around toward doing
The Daily official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tivesnotice to all members of the Uni-
Sversity. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 2552
Administration Building, by 3 p.m. on
the day preceding publication (11 a.-
SATURDAY, MAY 12, 1951
VOL. LXI, No. 154
School of Business Administration:
Ten and eleven o'clock classes will be
dismissed on Saturday morning, May
12, to give students an opportunity to
attend the morning session of the
Alumni Conference at 10 a.m., Rackham
Lecture Hall. S5tudents are also in-
vited to attend the round table discus-
sions, 2:30 p.m., Business Administra-
University Community Center, Willow
Sun., May 13, Village Church Fellow-
s h i p (interdenominational), 10:45
Church and Sunday-school; 4:30 Dis-
Mon., May 14, 8 p.m., Nursery Board
Tues., May 15, 8 p.m., wives' Club-
Wed., May 16, 8 p.m., Choir Practice.
Thurs., May 17, 8 p.m., Ceramics.
University Lecture. Pyo Wook Han,
First Secretary, Korean Embassy, Wash-
ington. "Korea in the World Crisis."
Mon., May 14, 4:15 p.m., Architecture
University Lecture, auspices of the
Department of Psychology. "Physiolo-
gical Control of Reproductive Behavior."
Professor Frank Beach, Yale University.
Mon., May 14. 4:15 p.m., Kellogg Audi-
Speech 161 and 36 will meet Mon.,
May 14, 11 a.m., upper amphitheatre,
Dental School, North University en-
trance. Wright movies of the tongue
will be shown and discussed by Dr.
Schwartz. All students of biolinguis-
tics are urged to attend.
Doctoral Examination for Egan Aug-
ust Ringwall, Psychology; thesis: "Some
Picture Story Characteristics as Mea-
sures of Emotional Adjustment in
Children," Sat., May 12, West Council
Room, Rackham Bl4g., 10 a.m. Chair-
man, M. L. Hutt.
Doctoral Examination for Frank Flet-
cher, English Language and Literature;
thesis: "The Critical Values of William
Crary Brownell," Mon., May 14, East
Council Room, Rackham Bldg., 7:30
p.m. Chairman, W. G. Rice.
Concerts. The University Musical So-
ciety announces the following for 1951-
Seventy-third Annual Choral Union
Victoria de los Angeles, soprano, Octo-
Josef Szigeti, violinist, October 15.
Boston Symphony, Charles Munch,
Conductor, October 21.
Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell,
conductor, November 4.
Alexander Brailowsky, pianist, No-
Salvatore Baccaloni, bass, November
Cincinnati Symphony, Thor Johnson,
conductor, January 14.
Singing Boys of Norway, February 20.
Shaw Chorale and Orchestra, March
Adolf Busch, iiolinist, and Rudolf
Serkin, pianist, March 31.
Sixth Annual Extra Concert Series-
Gladys Swarthout, mezzo-soprano, Oc-
Boston Symphony, Charles Munch,
conductor, October 22.
dePaur's Infantry Chorus, November
Oscar Levant, Pianist, January 18.
Chicago Symphony, Rafael Kubelik,
conductor, March 9.
Orders for season tickets for either or
both series, are now being accepted,;
and filled in sequence. Tickets will be
mailed September 20.
Tickets for "Messiah" concerts De-'
cember 8 and 9, and for the Chamber'
Music Festival, February 15, 16 and 17,
will bersold over the counter beginning
World Cooperation Week, May 12-20,
Calendar of Events:
Sat., May 12-
2-5 p.m., International Pageant. Kel-
logg Auditorium. Admission tickets may
be obtained at International Center. 1
9-12 mIdight, Bal Masque. i
Sun.. May 13-
6:30-14 p.m., Greek Banquet. Tickets
must be obtained in advance at the In-
Mon., May 14-
10 a.m., International Radio Round-
table. "World Understanding in the
Solution of International Problems."
Wed., May 16-
7:30-10 p.m., UNESCO Model Assem-
bly. Economic and Social Council. In-
Thurs., May 17-
4:30-6 p.m., International Center Open
Fri., May 18-
9 p.m., - 1 am., International Ball.
Tickets on sale at International Center.
Sat.. May 19-
2-4 p.m., International Soccer Exhibi-
tion, Ferry Field.
Sun., May 20-
6:30-10 p.m., Arab banquet and enter-
tainment honoring President and Mrs.
Ruthven, International Center.
Hillel: Saturday morning services, 9
a.m., Upper Room, Lane Hail.
Graduate Outing Club: Overnight
trip Leave 1 p.m. from Northwest cor-
ner Rackham Building, club room.
Hillel: Picnic-outing at the Island,
Sat., May 12, setting out from Lane
Hall at 2 p.m. Softdrinkswill be pro-
vided, but bring your lunch.
Hillel: Spring dance at W.A.B., 9 to
Economics Club: Mon., May 14, 7:45
p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre. Prof. T.
K. Cowden, Department of Agricultural
Economics, Michigan State College.
"Agricultural Programs and Problems."
Michigan Arts Chorale: Extra rehear-
sal, Lane Hall, 7 p.m., Mon., May 14. All
members should be present. Last re-
hearsal before the concert on Tuesday.
Inter-Arts Union: Meeting, 2 p.m.,
Sun., May 13, League. All those in-
terested are invited.
WHETHER I am on the winning
or losing side is not the point
with me: it is being on the side
where my sympathies lie that mat-
ters, and I am ready to see it
through to the end.
GROW UP as soon as you can.
It pays. The only time you
really live fully is from thirty to
sixty, . . . The young are slaves
to dreams; the old servants of re-
grets. Only the middle-aged have
all their five senses in the keeping
of their wits.
FAMILY JOKES, though rightly
cursed by strangers, are the
bond that keeps most families
To the Editor:
MONOLOGUE by an American-
When the U.S. can't take care
of both she must give up one;
Europe is more important than
Asia. She doesn't want to fight
with China though she dares to
fight Russia if necessary. Japan
is nothing else but a heavy burden
for the U.S. with a big population
but very little resources. The U.S.
wants to save her energy in Asia;
so that she may put more emphasis
on Europe. The Japanese who
could change rapidly from Mili-
tarism to Democracy could also
change easily to Communism. She
must try to stand on her own legs,
instead of depending on the U.S.
Monologue by a Japanese-I
don't know anything about the
diplomatic policy of the U.S. But
I know Mac did good work in
Japan for Japan. He showed some
direction for us to go when every-
thing was in confusion. I think he
shared the same dream which
many Japanese had; that is, to
make Japan a Switzerland in Asia.
Japan, consisting of islands iso-
lated from other countries with an
old and unique culture and beauti-
ful scenery, could do this. Japanese
people can enjoy the peaceful life
though they are poor. It is natural
that you think they are an ag-.
gressive and warlike people. But I
hope you'll be generous enough to
admit that they are a naturally
peaceful people but were stray
sheep during the war. Who wants
to offer the sheep to Communism?
They could change to Democracy,
because they had the basis to be
democratic. If they could change
to Communism they would have
done so sooner when there were
many elements for it just after
the war: poor living conditions
witli shortages of food, houses,
and clothes. You can say that they
didn't because the U.S. helped
them or Mac was good. But I
think the nature of the Japanese
people, who like moderation, hat-
ing the extremes, was the main
reason for preventing Communism.
We are very thankful for the
U.S.'s help so far, but we don't
want to depend on others perma-
nently, we want to be independent
if we can. But "a baby needs milk
before becoming able to eat bread."
No Japanese wants any more
war after the bitter experience of
the A-bomb, losing houses, proper-
ties and families. We really wish to
abandon war in our new constitu-
tion. Our dream is to become a
cultural neutral. I know Americans
are idealists as well as being prac-
tical. I wonder if they want to be
practical enough to throw away
such a burden as Japan, or ideal
enough to help to realize her
I am going home to Japan pretty
soon. I want to. get Americans',
especially young Americans', opin-
ions before going home.
* * *
There exists such a 'stronghold
here at dear old Michigan, noble
self-appointed protector of female
virtue. The authors have discov.
ered at last how the high stand-
ards of conduct found here are
At Mosher Hall, whose atmos-
phere epitomizes virtue, the wo-
men learn to conform with the
standards of propriety by follow-
ing a Victorian code of conduct
provided them by their protectors.
For example: the pay phone
downstairs is wisely locked after
10:30 p.m. In the lounge, girls
who might otherwise secumb to
a desire for privacy are fortunate
in being able todepend on an
ever-vigilant patrol, prepared to
save their virtue and to deal
harshly with their molesters. Any
sign of weakening, as minute as
a slouching of the shoulders, sum-
mons the efficient patrol into op-
Congratulations a r e due to
Mosher Hall which must be recog-
nized as an impregnible fortress of
proper conduct in a world of dying
--Wilbur H. Friedman,II
-Paul L. Goldiner
There is something incongruous
in these continued MacArthur
ovations at the time our forces in
Korea are in peril from the new
Chinese Communist offensive,
Such demonstrations in the past
have always followed successes:
the success of winning a European
war, the success of Lindbergh's
trans-Atlantic flight, or any other
success, but always a success.
These MacArthur demonstra-
tions do not follow huge successes.
They rather follow failure to avoid
involvement in Korea, They also
follow failure of the UN to win
the war in Korea.
Every city in the nation, includ-
ing, of course, St. Louis, wants to
honor MacArthur. No other living
American deserves a welcome
more. But, in our opinion, with
the worsening situation in Korea,
these celebrations should end now.
The general is continuing his open
opposition to our foreign policy.
T h e s e celebrations and the
speeches that! accompany them
just give him a rostrum for renew-
ing his attacks at a time when we
The celebrations in Honolulu,
San Francisco, New York (with a
second "celebration" today), Chi-
cago and Milwaukee are enough.
Let's forget the tumult and the
shouting, the ticker tape, the con-
fetti and the torn telephone books.
Now let's get on with the war.
-St. Louis Star-Times
Dorm Food . .
To the editor:
has raged in your columns
from time to time regarding the
low tluality of the food served in
t h e various dormitory dining
rooms. Permit me to set forth
what in my opinion would prove
the most effective solution of all.
Instead of allowing the dormi-
tory cafeterias their present mon-
opoly over"the food supply of all
dormitory residents, force them
to compete directly with the local
restaurants by dispensing with
their present method of charging
a lump sum for both room and
board. If their residents had to
pay out their hard-earned cash
each day in order to eat, you can
rest assured the dormitories would
have to provide mighty good serv-
ice to stay in business. But why
should they not provide such serv-
ice? Everything would still be in
their favor. Since they are not
supposed to be interested in mak-
ing a profit, they ought to be able
to undercut any competitor with
the greatest of ease. If not, what
right have they to continue in
-G. Edgar Gress
* * *
To the Editor:
IN THIS age when the indecen-
cy - nay, the immorality-of
modern women shocks proper peo-
ple, it is refreshing to find an oc-
casional stronghold of purity.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Jim Brown ... ........Managing Editor
Paul Brentlinger............City Editor
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Dave Thomas ...... ....Feature Editor
Janet Watts ...........Associate Editor
Nancy Bylan ..........Associate Editor
James Gregory ........Associate Editor
Bill Connolly ............Sports Editor
Bob Sandell ...,Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton ....Associate Sports Editor
Barbara Jans .........Women's Editor
Pat Brownson Assoiate Women's Editor
Bob Daniels........Business Manager
Walter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager
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PHAEDRA, by Jean Racine. Presented
by the Arts Theatre Club at 209a East
PHAEDRA is an extremely difficult play
to carry off with any kind of overt con-
fidence. Granting this to a production, it
might still turn out to be phony bombast.
The Arts Theatre Club, in their final
effort of the current season, has, capably
enough, avoided this, at the same time
assuming Racine's severe structural disci-
pline with aplomb.
Somehnm one feel s, tha h- h-t-n nf
tus, her step-son: this the kernel of the
tragedy which eventually causes the destruc-
tion of Hippolytus and Phaedra's suicide.
The very form which Racine's classicism
places on the play might appear restric-
tive to any kind of dramatic enthusiasm.
But though the paths are not very wide,
skilled actors (which the members of this
group most certainly are) may have no
trouble in moving along them at any speed
they wish. As Phaedra, Bette Ellis man-
ages a consistently stirring performance,
while Dana Elcar's admirable Theseus is
quite heroic. Pat Newhall once again
If The rhurkwnfinn iuct toff fn.a
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