THE MTCHTGAN DATLY
__________________________________________________________________________________________________ U I
' . . a rv avVL
Report on McCarthy
SENATOR JOE McCARTHY spoke to some
of his "Fellow Americans" in Jackson the
other day, and several Daily editors, battling
icy roads and swirling snow flurries, jour-
neyed down to hear him.
We decided to go because we wanted to
see in action a man who in one form or
another has been plastered across the
nation's headlines for the last two years,
We went expecting not to like what we
heard. We didn't.
McCarthy was the featured guest at a
GOP Lincoln Day dinner held in the audi-
torium of the Jackson Country Building. He
and local party notables sat at two long
tables on the stage. Paying banqueters, about
600 strng, were around tables in the or-
chestra. Non-eaters occupied the balcony.
We, with about 75 others, predominantly
elderly women, were in the balcony,
WE HAD ARRIVED just in time to hear
Republican State Chairman Owen J.
Cleary introduce McCarthy as "one who has
endeared himself to the United States by
his integrity, intelligence and honesty."
Looking well-fed in a blue suit and con-
servative dark tie, McCarthy smiled at his
audience, praised Earl Mitchner, George
Meader and Homer Ferguson, damned the
administration, said it was nice to get out
of Washington and "back into the United
States," and was off on an hour-long tirade
of What's Wrong With the Mtate Depart-
ment, and How To Cure the World's Ills.
* * *
O NEOF THE most frequent questions
raised about McCarthy is how does he
get people to believe or agree with what he
says. And in operation, this is reduced to
how effective a speaker is he. At Jackson, he
was talking as a Republican to a sympa-
thetic Republican audience, and he played
heavily on that sympathy. He spoke in a
calm if somewhat nasal tone and attempted
an easy-going'charming-disarming manner.
This may account for the number of women
His pose was that of a piously religious,
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: BOB VAUGHN
Freedom for A ll
T HE CHICAGO TRIBUNE was the lone
journalistic voice raised against the at-
tempted punishment of Chicago gangsters
for refusing to answer questions of the Ke-
fauver Senate crime investigating commit-
tee. The Windy City hoodlums claimed the
Constitution exempted them from answering
questions which might incriminate them. A
Federal court backed them up and dismissed
the contempt-of-Congress charge.
The Trib is just as hostile to racketeers
as anyone else is. It has fought tooth and
nail against crooks' control of Republican
and Democratic politics in Chicago. But
the Trib apparently feels they deserve a
fair break. Apparently some others who
claim to love freedom don't think it should
apply to everyone.
As the Chitrib noted at the time, the
so-called "liberals" of the nation found no
cause for alarm in the attempt by Sen. Ke-
fauver (D-Tenn) to abuse citizens' rights.
But when the un-American committee tried
the same thing in citing the "Hollywood
Ten" and others for refusing to say whe-
ther they were Communists, the press and
nation came alive with defenders of civil
If those who worry about individual
freedom were really sincere they would be
just as concerned over the rights of a Chi-
cago gambler as of a Hollywood pink.
It's easy for a man to preach freedom
when he or his group is in danger of losing
it. But the true liberals are those who want
freedom for their enemies as well as them-
selves, and who fight for freedom no matter
which end of the political spectrum is being
denied it at the time.
How many of the publications and pro-
fessors whose hearts now bleed so profusely
for accused Communists protested the far-
cical trial of 13 editorsaccused of conspiring
to commit sedition during the great war
against fascism? How many of them sor-!
rowed when Sewell Avery was dragged bodily
from his Chicago store by President Roose-
velt's storm troopers for refusing to sell
Among the many journalists, intellectu-
als and politicians who now protest
"witch hunts" there are a few whose pasts
show them to be sincere liberals. Also
there are many right-wingers who now
have no selfish motive for defending fre-
dom of expression.
These few want freedom for their enemies
as well as themsqlves. Thy American people
depend on them for a sincere defense of
freedom o-Floyd Thomas
STOP SIGNS CAN BE damnably annoying
to the driver in a hurry, if he has to stop
and wait while somebody else roars in front
of him. On the other hand, they can be
pretty handy, too, if only to slow down
some of the more deadly taxicabs.
With this thought, and the sight of
ardently patriotic citizen trying to do his
best for God and country. To this end he
plays all the old themes: tales of McCarthy
as a boy on the farm, as a fighting Marine,
as a martyr seeking only the truth. Home,
motherhood, religion and patriotism
themes were re-iterated wherever they
could be used, and he created ample op-
Although one of our group said he yawned
during half the- speech, and another called
Joe "a slob who cleans his fingernails on
the stage," the general conclusion was that
he does passing fair as a speaker. He could
have, we felt, fired this crowd more than
he did, but his own calmness in presenting
his cases and the air of authenticity with
which he, for instance, twists the chrono-
logical order of events to ° make his case,
gives him the bearing of an expert.
HE MAY HAVE quieted down a bit since
the Tydings report. He still, despite posi-
tive contrary proof, refers to Owen Latti-
more as a "State Department Expert," and
as "Acheson's Top Advisor," but he was care-
ful to avoid any Lattimore connection with
Having been proven wrong on his charges
against Lattimore, Jessup, Drew Pearson,
and Anna Rosenberg does not deter him from
glibly citing individual cases. His Tuesday
targets-"typical cases; there are hundreds
more"--were UN Official Gustovo Duran and
John S. Service, both cases old hats of Mc-
McCarthy's solution for this country is
to remove the "motley crimson crowd--
the Yalta crowd" from the State Depart-
ment. The "crowd" included Acheson,
Jessup, Lattimore and Hiss. And the fact
that the last three mentioned are not
in the State Department did not disturb
him at all, they must be removed from it.
But this bit of ill-logic was no more astray
than most of the uttering we've been hear-
ing from McCarthy in past months, so we
ito r 7te
By JIM BROWN
SOME 50 odd Student Legislature members
were honored by the Office of Student
Affairs and the Dean of Women's Office
yesterday afternoon at an informal tea in
the Union Terrace Room. While the tea
itself was little more than a cordial get-to-
gether between the Legislators, a few other
students and the staffs of the two offices,
it was a fitting tribute to the SL members
who have worked so hard to make student
government effective here on campus.
And while I have and will continue to
scoff at some of the Legislature's petty
projects and high-sounding parliamentary
mouthwash, I should take time out to toss
one more bouquet to the Legislators for
their sound and efficient administration
of the Cinema Guild.
The Cinema Guild, an outgrowth of the
old Art Cinema League, was considered a
white elephant when it was handed over to
the SL last fall. For several years it had
failed to break even on many of the movies
which it sponsored and had backed more
than one financial fiasco.
The Legislature took over with great gusto,
however. It set up a board to administer and
supervise the guild, established a fair and
equitable set of criteria for selecting groups
to sponsor groups and has filed periodical
progress reports with the Student Affairs
Much of the credit of course, goes to
the Cinema Guild's excellent manager,
Richard Kraus. His selection of movies
and his administration of the entire pro-
gram has enabled the Cinema Guild to
do something which the old Art Cinema
League never quite succeeded in doing-.
making a consistent profit on nearly every
movie it has sponsored.
So for once it's hats off to the Student
Legislature for a good job done.
"Well, It Was Nice To Have Met You"
, ' :
with DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-Some Senators seem to believe that it is a crim-
inal matter for a newspaper to criticize military mistakes. This
is a view also shared by many brass hats-though not all.
However, mistakes are stometimes rectified chiefly through
knowing about them, and a case in point is the magnificent man-
ner in which Gen. Matthew Ridgway has profited from the mis-
takes of General MacArthur in turning a tragic defeat into
While the very loyal MacArthur clique may argue that he is still
Supreme Commander in Tokyo, and therefore deserves credit for the
current victory, the indisputable facts are that General Ridgway was
sent to Korea direct from Washington where he had been Deputy
Chief of Staff and as such was in close contact with the Pentagon's
views of warfare. It also is an indisputable fact that Ridgway won
his victory with no new fresh troops andfacing a somewhat stronger
enemy than MacArthur.
According to military observers who read the battle dispatches,
here is how Ridgway profited by mistakes and accomplished his re-
CAREFUL INTELLIGENCE-MacArthur conducted only limited
patrolling for three or four days before launching his attack. Then,
after the attack boomeranged, the Eighth Army retreated so fast that
it lost all contact with the enemy and for several weeks didn't know
where the Communists were.
In contrast, Ridgway conducted aggressive patrolling for eight
to ten days before 'kicking off his offensive. He sent heavy patrols
deep into enemy territory in so-called "reconnaissance in force." His
orders were to disrupt any Communist build-up, to inflict as many
casualties as possible and to survey enemy positions. The lack of
patrolling by MacArthur failed to detect the Chinese Communist
build-up that swept our armies back to the 38th parallel. However,
Ridgway's troops knew exactly what to expect.
PUBLIC RELATIONS-MacArthur announced his offensive the
same morning it was launched, predicting his troops would be "home
by Christmas." Ridgway waited until his offensive had been rolling
over 24 hours before announcing it.
POOR BATTLE LIAISON-MacArthur struck in all directions at
once. His troops were fanned out from one end of North Korea to the
other, in no position to head off a surprise counterattack. The Eighth
Army and Tenth Corps also had no battle liaison, had to coordinate
their actions through Tokyo.
. In contrast, Ridgway opened his attack on the western front, but
didn't order his eastern front to move until nine days later-after he
was sure all was going well. He had the added advantage of being
in full command. in the field, and wasn't forced' to direct two fronts
by remote control from Tokyo.
CONTRAST IN CASUALTIES-MacArthur suffered devastating
casualties after the Chinese hit, lost more than 15,000 casualties in
two weeks. Later, the Marines, who broke out of the Chosin reservoir
trap, mowed down the Chinese at a ratio of 20 to one. However,
Ridgway's losses during the first two weeks of his offensive were the
lightest of the Korean war. He suffered less than 1,500 casualties, at
the same time taking a toll of 52,000 Communist casualties.
In fairness to MacArthur and in tribute to the Air Force, Ridgway
has been meeting more scattered opposition.
(Copyright, 1951, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
.icy E ft$ U 0 .,,
.teiftte TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP
WASHINGTON-One of the more encour-
aging developments in a discouraging
period is a marked change in President
Truman's approach to the problem of his
cabinet. Two months ago, even a month
ago, the President responded with hostility
and ridicule to all suggestions that a coali-
tion Administration, including leading Re-
publicans, would help to secure national
unity for the perilous times ahead.
Within the past fortnight, in contrast,
the President has discussed the coalition
idea calmly and sympathetically with a
number of the men who are closest to,
him. Nothing definite has been decided,
and it would be very foolish to predict
that eminent Republicans will be brought
into the cabinet in the near future. But
this has at least become a distinct possi-
bility-which in itself is a considerable
accomplishment for the numerous lead-
ing Democrats and White House advisors
who have been urging coalition upon the
President ever since the November elec-
The President has not been shaken, on
the other hand, in his determination not to
touch the State Department. Some of those
best qualified to judge are now inclined to
think that the President would accept the
resignation of Secretary of State Dean G.
Acheson if it 'were spontaneously offered--
which is also a change from the former
But the President none the less continues
At .Lydia Mendelssohn. .
JUANA LA LOCA (The Mad Queen), a
Spanish movie with English subtitles.
Starring Aurora Batiste and a host of
others. Presented by the Sociedad His-
panica at 8 p.m. today and tomorrow.
A ROMANTIC TRAGEDY taken from the
annals of Spanish history, some crack
acting and good staging' have been com-
bined in Juana La Loca to make a better-
than average movie of the trials and tribu-
lations of a royal pair in Renaissance Eu-
The story is the tale of Queen Joana of
Spain, daughter of Isabel, who was driven
mad by the capricious capers of her beloved
husband combined with the intrigues of his
Passionately in love with her unfaithful
oaf of a husband, Queen Juana is tormented
by doubts, jealousy and the trying affairs
of state. She is cast aside by the King for
another woman, a Moorish princess who
wants to revenge her father's death, accused
of madness by ambitious ministers, stripped
of her throne, and finally goes insane at the
death of her husband.
The audience is treated to a respectable
number of not-too swashbuckling duels,
many teary scenes and the planning and
execution of a good number of intrigues
to repeat that Secretary Acheson is the very
best man for his job; that any successor
would run into the same trouble with Con-
gress; and that the attacks upon Acheson
are really attacks upon him, Truman.
TRUMAN IN FACT seems to have acquired
a rooted conviction that all criticism,
however just, of any member of the White
House circle, however high or low, is merely
motivated by a desire to "get the President."
Hence anyone who is publicly criticized, from
the Secretary of State to the shabbiest
little peddler of White House influence at
the R.F.C., can be pretty sure of an angry
defense from Truman. A cynic has remarked
that the best way to keep a job, nowadays,
is to get in a mess or to do wrong, and then
get the facts in the papers.
In these circumstances, obviously, it is
foolishly optimistic to look for the kind of
immensely fruitful and effective coalition
Administration that would be made pos-
sible if Secretary Acheson bowed out. Al-
though he might conceivably accept his
resignation, the President will not ask
Acheson to resign. The Secretary shows
no wish to do so. And thus he must be
regarded, for a while longer at least, as
a fixed star in the official firmament.
Hence if leading Republicans are to be
introduced intothe Administration, other
places, at the Treasury and Commerce de-
partments, for example, must be found for
them. This is precisely what is under con-
SECRETARY OF THE Treasury John
Snyder is another subordinate whose
resignation the President will never ask for.
But Snyder is not well. He has at least two
offers of major business positions. He is
again talking of getting out, as he has done
before. If he really leaves-and the "if" is
a very big one-his departure would prob-
ably be the signal for the President to bring
Republicans in. Elliott Bell, the brilliant
advisor of Thomas E. Dewey, whom the New
York Governor would certainly have made
his Secretary of the Treasury if he had won
in 1948, is oneofdthose being conditionally
discussed for Snyder's place.
"Progress, but not enough progress," is
the shortest way to describe this evolution
in the President's political thinking. If all
the ifs come true, and the Truman adminis-
tration is actually strengthened by the addi-
tion of one or two Republicans of Bell's sta-
ture, the position in Washington will at
least be greatly improved. But it will still
be highly doubtful whether the American
government will possess the essential power
to act, and to act quickly, boldly and deci-
sively, in response to the immense chal-
lenges which are surely ahead of us.
The White House and State Department
have managed to convince themselves that
the comparative calm on Capitol Hill
means that the Congressional storm
against Secretary Acheson has blown it-
self out. Unfortunately, there are far
more reasons to suspect that this calm is
merely the lull at the heart of the hurri-
The most significant political development
Tito s Regime . . .
To the Editor:
F THERE WAS ever a paradox,
it Is in our foreign policy. We
are fighting Communists in Korea,
losing men every day, and our
leaders are worrying about the
poor, starving Communists in
As a matter of fact, I see that
the state department and thet
newspapers are going to sell Yugo-
slav Communism to the American
people by means of a series of1
contributions of food, clothing and
money to be dispensed to these
What is the difference between
Yugoslav Communists and Chin-
ese Communists? Are the Yugo-
slavians good Communists and
the Chinese bad Communists?If
this is true, I have been under a
Senator Knowland (R. Calif.)
tried to tell the senate that they
are the same Yugoslavs who shot
down American planes. That the
people of Yugoslavia desperately
need help cannot be denied but
Tito's brand of Communism has
brought the country to the edge
of ruin and starvation. Tito's
mob pretends it was a drought
that did the damage.
The same drought hit the
neighboring countries but no hun-
ger appeared. Planning and co-
operation defeated the drought,
saved crops and no appeals were
necessary to the U. S. for help.
It is the rotten, corrupt, in-
efficient rule of a small gang of
hated adventurers who are starv-
ing Yugoslavia today and sending
the best sons to concentration
camps. The best aid which Yugo-t
slavia can get is the riddence of1
the tyrants who have usurped the
Do you believe Tito is different,
from the standpoint of his credo,
from Mao, Stalin, or our own
Communists? Do you believe Tito
will do an about face because we
gave him food?
It seems to me that we have
been making offerings to Com-
munists ever since the end of
world war II, but, we have been
rebuffed at every turn. We could
have done a better service by
sending men to Spain, where there
is considerable poverty and strick-
en areas, as result of the fascist
rule. True, both Tito and Franco
are dictators and both defend
capitalism: Only one speaks
Spanish and the other Serbian or
* * *
Art of Teaching . .
To the Editor:
BEFORE THE semester again
becomes filled with days of
piled up work and complaints
about poor teachers, it might do
us all good (teachers as well as
students) to read "The Art of!
Teaching" by Gilbert Highet.
This book expresses what the
students try to express in their
faculty evaluations which are
sponsored by the Student Legis-
lature in the spring semesters.
Teaching, as Mr. Highet says,
is an art, not a. science, because it
can operate only by firing a de-
sire to learn. It is not pouring
buckets of facts into empty skulls,
but molding minds, training them
to use themselves.
This can be done only by teach-
ers who know not merely the
specific and limited subjects they
are teaching, but much more; who
love arousing others to find know-
ledge meaningful; and who enjoy
associating with the young, shar-
pening their minds, fostering their
"The Art of Teaching" can aid
teachers to understand their posi-
tion and what is expected of them.
It can aid the students to see
what a large job his teacher faces
and perhaps make him a little
more tolerant and a little more
(Continued from Page 3)
Anthropology 152, The Mind of
Primitive Man, will meet in the
of 1025 Angell Hall).
Anthropology 158, The Econo-
mic Life of Primitive Peoples, will
meet in Room 3024, Museums
Astronomical Colloquium: Fri.,
Feb. 16, 4:15 p.m., at the Observ-
in the School of Education is of- chief aspects of that struggle to-
fered on Tuesday and Thursday, gether with the renewed efforts
4 p.m., Room 140, Business Ad- to secure an effective organiza-
ministration Building, beginning tion of the nations of the world.
Feb. 15. Karl H. Reichenbach, Instructor.
Sixteen weeks, $16.00. 171 Busi-
Algebra: Organization meeting n e s s Administration Building,
of the Algebra Seminar group, Thursdays, 7:30 p.m., beginning
Thurs., Feb. 15, 4 p.m., Room 30- Feb. 15.
06, Angell Hall. Elementary General Psychology
(Psychology 31). Introduction to
the principles of psychology, with
Actuarial Review Class: Organ- a survey of motivation, emotion,
izational meeting of a review learning, perception, ability, and
class for Part II Actuarial Exami- personality. Prof. Wilbert J. Mc-
nation on Sat., Feb. 17, 1:30 p.m., Keachie. Sixteen weeks, $16.00.
Room 3011, Angell Hall. 1 6 4 Business Administration
Building, Thursdays, 7:30 p.m.,
Sociology-Psychology 62, Sec- beginning Feb. 15.
+inn R 7illmo+ 'w ar in i (Continued on Page 5)
uon o, Ywi meet s arv ng r .,
Feb. ,16, 12 noon, Room 4054, Na-
tural Science Bldg.
Sociology-Psychology 274. First
meetin- Thurs.-F _22. 1 Oi
At.id4 al E at g
atory. "Objective Prism Radial i.,r0, :4 .I..XcuS4,
Velocities" by Dr. Freeman D. via, 7:45 p.m.
Miller, Associate Professor of As-
tronomy. The University Extension Serv-
ice announces t h e following
Bacteriology Seminar: Thurs., courses:
Feb. 15, 4:30 p.m., Room 1520, E. Engineering 'Mechanics Review
Medical Bldg. Speaker: Mr. Ro- III-Hydraulics and Dynamics.
bert E. Chamberlain. Subject: An intensive review designed to
"The Leucocytolysis Reaction in prepare candidates for civil ser-
Relation to Hypersensitivity." vice or other engineering exami-
Aeronautical Engineering 160 nations. A minimum of advanced
Seminar on Oscillations ,of Non- mathematics is used. Copies of
linear Systems will meet at 9 a.- lecture notes are available. Prof.
m. Thurs., Room 1072, E. Engi- Roy S. Swinton. Eight weeks,
neering Bldg. $9.00. 164 Business Administra-
tion Building, Thursdays, 7:00 p.-
English 301G Seminar in Amer- n., beginning Feb. 15.
can Literature, will meet Satur- Short Story Writing for Begin-
day, 10-12 noon, Room 3217, An- ners. Analysis will be made of
gell Hall. short story types, of their con-
History Seminar 4: Thurs.,struction, and of marketing pos-
Feb. 15, 4 p.m., ClementuLibrary. sibilities. Students will be expect-
ed to write several short stories.
Political Science 184, MWF 2, There will be individual criticism
will meet in Room 2203, Angell and revision after class. A bibli-
Hall. ography will be supplied. Miss
______Esther L., Mueller, instructor.
Sociology 3 1 4, Comparative Sixteen weeks, $16.00. 165 Busi-
Community Studies, taught by Dr. ness Administration Bldg., Thurs-
Horace Miner, will meet regularly days, 7:30 p.m., beginning Feb. 15.
on Thursday from 3 to 5 p.m.,
Room 306, Romance Language Europe Since 1919 (History 93).
Bldg. Gives a background for the bet-
ter understanding of the Euro-
Spanish 399 (Proseminar in pean states and their peoples to-
Spanish language) will meet on day. After a survey of the peace
Wednesdays, . 4-5:30 p.m. First settlement of 1919, particular at-
class meeting Wed., Feb. 21. tention is given to the attempts to
solve the present problems facing
Students enrolled in Education Europe following World War I.
D172 last semester: Please release Developments in the chief Euro-
immediately Barbour Gymnasium pean states are studied, including
lockers assigned to you. Report the new regimes in Italy, Russia,
to matron at Barbour Gymnasium and Germany. The causes of
this week. World War II, which were gath-
ering force in this period, are
The Remedial Reading Course then examined, and finally, the
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Jim Brown.........Managing Editor
Paul Brentlinger. ............ City Editor
Roma Lipsky.. .... .Editnrial Director
Dave Thomas.......... .Feature Eidtor
Janet Watts. .......... .Associate Editor
Nancy Bylan.. ,.......Associate Editor
James Gregory.........Associate k'ditor
Bill Connolly............Sports Editor
Bob Sandeli....Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton....Associate Sports Editor
Barbara .ans........Women's Editor
Pat Bronson Associate Women's> Editor
Bob Daniels........ *Business Manager
Waiter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager
Paul Schaible.... Advertising Manager
Bob Mersereau......Finance Manager
Carl Breitkreltz.... Circulation Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches creditec to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights aof republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan as second-class mail
Subscription during regular school
year: by carrier. $6.00; by mail, $7.00.
The kid was right! There's the sedan! In the
driveway at 318 Concord... And these guys who
Too bad we couldn't give the kid a lift.
Poor little nipper, lugging laundry home in
uua revues Rcc rwrrur cam'