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April 27, 1951 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1951-04-27

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FM AY, APRIL 27, 1951

.. .

Ab Defense


"Want To Vote Against Isolationism In My Country?"

GOV. WILLIAMS, Prof. Rensis Likert, and
atomic scientist Ralph Lapp exhausted
1 hour of precious ABC time last Tuesday
wrangling over how to improve civilian
fense against the atomic bomb.
They proceeded on the assumption that
oreign bombers can penetrate our domes-
ic defenses and that consequently we must
ucus our attention on saving as many of
ur citizens as possible once a Bomb has
een dropped.
They agreed that a broader, more effec-
e plan of civil defense must be instituted.
effect, they also agreed that a plan for
e evacuation of our cities is necessary; that
Secretary of Civil Defense be appointed to
e President's Cabinet; that each state pro-
le for medical aid, fire fighting, emer-
ncy communication, trained research, and
ssemination of information on the A-
Prof. Likert defended the dispersal plan,
lich would spread out a city's industries
id houses. Williams said that civil defense
iould be raised to an equal rank with the
ilitary ... and so on.
Although the arguments for civil de-
ense were convincing, this Town Meeting's
esembled a boy scout symposium on first
The speakers' emphasis on first aid mea-
res was unfortunate and left us wondering
tiether our lives were safe, even in the
nfines of dear old Ann Arbor Town. Some-
ing seemed to be missing. Certainly, a
operly-organized civil defense program
one couldn't be the answer to the A-Bomb
One question-addressed to Lapp-touched
lefly the real crux of the problem: "Are
ir radar screens adequate?" To this, Lapp
initted the common fact that there are
itorials published in The Michigan Daily
e written by members of The Daily staff
d represent the views of the writers only.
The weekendI

many discrepancies in our present radar
screen. He estimated that 70 per cent of
an enemy's, bombers could slip through un-
d ected.
Here was the heart of the problem. But
the speakers didn't grasp it and flitted again,
to bickering over civil defense.
Actually The Town Meeting resembled the
naive directions of the official U.S. Govern-
ment report, "Survival Under Atomic At-
tack." In that report, we are led to believe
that if we assiduously follow certain direc-
tions, we might get away with nothing more
than' blisters.
Thus, when alerted of approaching Rus-
sian planes, among other things, we are
to slip on a full-length, loose-fitting, light-.
colored outfit, clap on a hat, close windows
and doors, shut off our oil burners, pick
up a flashlight and a Geiger Counter,
grab a copy of Liebmann's "Peace of
Mind," dive into the cellar, crawl along
side a wall, bury our faces in our arms, and
wait... .
This type of planning might reduce the num-
ber of casualties after an atomic raid, but
our main effort should be directed toward
keeping enemy bombers out of American ter-
ritory. Our only real defense, then, is a
powerful airforce and an extensive radar
set-u . At present, both are admittedly de-
ficient. They must be enlarged and strength-
ened to the point that enemy bombers can
be detected and met before they are able
to unload their destructive Bombs.
-Cal Samra.
- I



In Town

BIG SCOOP is one of two dances of Frosh
Weekend. Sponsored by the Blue team of
freshmen women, the dance's theme is news-
papers, or perhaps the frenzied excitement
and glamor that the public supposes is con-
nected with newspapers. At the League to-
night, with Ted Smith's orchestra.
* * *
team's offering, with an Indian (ugh and
teepee type Indian) theme. Tomorrow night
at the League, also with Smith's orchestra.
UNION DANCE, as usual, tomorrow night,
at the Union.
MENT, dancing, card playing, etc., 7:30 to
10:30 p.m. Sunday.
MISTER BOLFRY, a comedy by the con-
temporary, British playwright James Bridle,
opens tonight at the Arts Theatre Club, the
latest in their current series. The play con-
cerns the struggle between a minister, his
niece, with the Devil taking a hand in mat-
ters. At the Club's theatre, 209/2 E. Wash-
ington St.
* * *
BILL OF ONE-ACTERS, featuring an ori-
ginal work by a grad student, J. D. Jackson,
"Century," and three other works by Shakes-
peare, Noel Coward, and Percy.and Denham.
("Ladies in Retirement.") ° Today and to-
morrow, 8 p.m., Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
in some publications as U.S.S. Teakettle), is
generally considered one of the year's fun-
niest comedies. It concerns the tribulations
of Gary Cooper and his crew who have to
man a ship with an experimental type of
engine that is, to say the least, undepend-
able. Saturday and Sunday at the Michigan.
GREEN FOR DANGER, a mystery with a
zany detective, said to be pretty good stuff,
at the Architecture Auditorium today and
tomorrow, 7:30 and 9:30 p.m.
George Montgomery, is based on the Dumas
story. In supercinecolor. At the State today
and tomorrow.
* * *
with Susan Hayward and Dan Dailey, is an,
adaptation from the Jerome Weidman novel
about the garment industry. Sunday at the
Ruth "She's-All-Woman!", Roman, may be
seen at the Michigan today. *From adver-
h V "4'1'1 V% 1 .",L l f1 %*

by technical proficiency and genuine
musical feeling, the Collegicum Musicum
presented some seldom-heard Bach ensemble
music last night.
The overflow crowd was regaled with
a firm execution of the majestic intricacies
of Bach, an execution doubtless achieved
through long hours of practice and one
which was well up to professional stand-
In the Sonata 3, the group was particular-
ly good in contrasting the melancholy solem-
nity of the largo and dignity of the andante
with the wonderful humor and vibrancy of
the two allegro movements.
The harpsichord, an instrument which; has
unfortunately been shoved into near obscur-
ity by later instrumental developments, hap-
pily received its proper respect in much of
last night's music.
Ricerara 6, a six-part fugue in which the
half-dozen players showed skillful handling
of the interplay among the instruments cli-
maxed the program and was a fine conclu-
sion to the evening.
But the general excellence of the. per-
formance was somewhat scuttled by poor
arranging which placed an audience of
more than two hundred in a, Rackham
Hall room which comfortably seats just
above half that number.
Music cannot help but lose some of its
flavor when the audience is sardined into
a vastly overcrowded and over humid room.
Someone opened some windows during inter-
mission and the second half of the program
was improved for many. Despite this, how-
-ever, the ensemble rose above its environ-
ment and again pointed up the need for
more satisfactory concert facilities on this
-Roma Lipsky
Dave Thomas
A FOURTH BILL of One-Act Plays,
presented by the speech department,
opened last night at Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre and will be presented again at
8 p.m. today.
A detailed review will appear in to-
morrow's Daily.

Sen. Moody
WASHINGTON - Vice-President Barkley
tacitly gave permission to the press
galleries to break the rules and applaud
when one of their own, Blair Moody, was
sworn in as Senator of the United States.
They took advantage of that tolerance; the
handsome young successor to Arthur H.
Vandenberg is liked for his friendliness, ad-
mired for his hard work.
It is a safe bet that 99 per cent of
Moody's . former colleagues envy him.
They, too, have been watching Senators
and are perfectly certain that anything
Senators do the correspondents could do
Incidentally, no Senator who has been
liberated by the voters or retired from the
Senate has ever made the journey upstairs
to the press galleries and scooped the corres-
pondents. That-may be another precedent
Senator Moody will break.
His friends hope the Michigan voters will
want his services permanently, since that is
his wish. It has occurred to them, however,
that if said voters don't and Moody returns
to the fold, they will have to be on their toes
because former Senators enjoy the privilege
of the floor at all times. Ordinary corres-
pondents are not allowed on the floor or in
the cloakrooms while the Senate is in ses-
sion; they may go in after adjournment and
nab their quarry if they. can.
* * *
TT IS WIDELY anticipated that Senator
Moody will appear in still another role
next year-floor manager at the Democratic
National Convention for a favorite-son can-
didate for President, an in-earnest candidate
for Vice-President.
Gov. G. Mennen Williams, who appoint-
ed Moody, is young, attractive and from a
pivotal state. These are ideal qualifica-
tions for a Veep, especially if the head
of the ticket is an older man and not a
Governor, specifications that almost cer-
tainly will fit the 1952 Democratic nomi-
It must have occurred to Governor Wil-
liams when he chose Moody that he was also
answering some of the criticisms made of
himself. He is alleged to be too liberal along
the lines of Americans for Democratic Ac-
tion. But he rejected their candidate who was
for a long time regarded as the leading Pos-
He is alleged to be a sort of stooge for
such hard-headed labor leaders as Walter
Reuther, this view pictures him as the rich
and well-bred type, but strictly show win-
dow for the CIO. But Walter Reuther is ob-
jecting that he wanted the labor Mayor of
Grand Rapids, nor was a courtesy offer of
the place made to Reuther which had also
been forecast.
SENATOR MOODY could do that conven-
tion job well. He is famously energetic
and his acquaintance is vast.
The women delegates could also be ex-
pected to warm up to his dimples. Up to
now, Capitol guides have reported that
the lady gallerygoers more often ask who
Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., Massa-
chusetts Republican, is, than any other
Senator. They are already saying that they
thing the Democrats have a dream prince
in Senator Moody who could conceivably
nose out Lodge. Senator Lodge, incident-
ally, is an ex-newspaperman too.
Senator Moody is a liberal. Many of his
colleagues would have guessed he was a lib-
eral Republican. This may be because he
was naturally very close to the Michigan
Senators who were so important to his De-
troit paper and they were Republicans.
(Copyright, 1951, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)




... +__


** ss') wAC*.JEth.J p0? t

1~ashington Merry-Go-Round

'' '--. ~


WASHINGTON-When the Senate Armed Services Committee starts
sorting out all the memos and telecom mssages exchanged be-
tween the Pentagon and General MacArthur the public may become
more confused than ever about who is right in the big debate.
For several documents and memos prepared during various
phases of the Korean campaign-if set aside from the others-
could be used to prove almost any point.
Furthermore, it was once a paradoxical fact that Secretary of
State Acheson was much closer to General MacArthur's position re
China than the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The wolf pack that always howls
at Acheson's heels has been claiming he was responsible for Mac-
Arthur's ouster. However, the record shows first that this was not
the case; second, that following MacArthur's disastrous retreat from
North Korea in early December, Acheson favored severe punitive meas-
ures against China as an aggressor nation.
It was the Joint Chiefs of Staff at that time which vigorously
disagreed both with Acheson and MacArthur. In fact, they favor-
ed pulling out of Korea altogether.
* However, despite individual and sometimes confusing differences
of opinion inside the Pentagon there appears to be no occasion when
the Joint Chiefs of Staff actually went on record in favor of Mac-
Arthur's proposals to bomb Chinese bases and use Chiang Kai-Shek's
* * * *
N ORDER TO GET as clear a picture as possible regarding the
working of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and their policy toward Mac-
Arthur, here is a breakdown on how the Joint Chiefs reacted to vari-
ous of MacArthur's proposals:
Bombing Chinese Bases-The nearest the Joint Chiefs ever came
to okaying MacArthur's proposed bombing of Chinese bases was on
Feb. 28. Just before that date, MacArthur had sent a long report on
enemy air strength now capable of 65D sorties daily. He reported cer-
tain strength building up in certain areas and in effect asked permis-
sion to bomb these bases.
Replying on Feb. 28, the Joint Chiefs gave MacArthur a set of
five alternatives to counter the Chinese moves. Since these would be
of value to the enemy, they cannot be described here. But in each of
the five alternatives, MacArthur was instructed to take no action on
the Chinese side of the Yalu River without reporting back to the
Joint Chiefs for further instructions.
Naval Blockade-Another question at issue in the Korean war has
been a naval blockade of Chinese ports. On this, there was agreement.
Both the Joint Chiefs and the State Department okayed a naval block-
ade but it was vetoed by our allies in the United Nations. This was one
of the proposals for which Secretary Acheson fought hardest when
Prime Minister Attlee visited Washington. However, Attlee flatly re-
fused to approve any naval blockade of China. .
Hot Pursuit-Another point of agreement between MacArthur
and the Joint Chiefs was the right of American planes to pursue Com-
munist planes beyond the Chinese border when engaged in a running
battle. This did not include the bombing of Chinese bases. Though
the Joint Chiefs agreed to this, either the State Department or the
national security council disapproved-I have not been able to ascer-
tain which.
Chiank Kai-Shek's Troops-This is the issue which MacArthur
emphasized in his letter to ex-Speaker Joe Martin, the letter which
culminated in MacArthur's dismissal. However, use of Chiang's troops
never has been seriously considered by the Joint Chiefs.
Different Personalities-Those close to the Joint Chiefs of Staff
point out that they are composed of four different men of varying
ages and personalities. Gen. Joe Collins, for instance, Chief of Staff
of the army, was a Lieutenant when MacArthur was a General. When
Collins went to Tokyo he was technically MacArthur's superior, though
he always addressed MacArthur as "General" while MacArthur called
him "Joe."
Collins is the member of the Joint Chiefs who has agreed with Mac-
Arthur more than anyone else. He has expressed the private belief
that Russia would not intervene if we bombed China, and is reported
to have expressed oral agreement with MacArthur on various points
during conferences in Tokyo.
Bradley has said privately that if he were in MacArthur's shoes he
would probably feel as he does. But, as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs
of Staff, he cannot agree, since he has to consider the entire world
and how best to parcel out our limited strength.
The last thing Bradley wants, he has made it clear, is to get suck-
ed into a war on the Chinese mainland.
Note-Pentagon observers believe MacArthur may have some of
the tentative directives which are sent to different theatre command-
ers in advance for their comment. These do not become approved di-
rectives, however, until the Joint Chiefs have all the comment, can
study them in the light of the over-all picture and then issue them of-
ficially. There is a big differene between the studies of the Joint
Chiefs and their final approved directives.
(Copyright, 1951, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

r ;;:
. '
. a.a

The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the


Calling a Spade ...
To the Editor:f
THE WIDESPREAD belief that
football at the University of
Michigan is more of a business
than a sport was strongly rein-
forced by a report made by the
Board in Control of IntercollegiateI
Athletics published in part in last
Sunday's Daily.
According to the report, "If we
should have one or two seasons in
which our football team was not t
among the leaders in the confer-t
ence and in the country (and it
would be folly to assume that this1
will not happen) we would inevit-
ably be faced with a sharp reduc-
tion in revenue."t
The Board also emphasized that1
the gate receipts from football
games provide the principal finan-
cial support for the entire physicall
education program at many uni-
Here is a suggestion which will
enable our football team to con-
tinue as one of the nation's lead-
ing gridiron corporations thus
keeping up gate receipts and con-
tinuing to suppdrt our fine ath-
letic program: Why not call a1
spade a spade and obtain a fran-
chise in the National Professional
Football League for the Ann Ar-7
bor Wolverines? The team would
continue to be owned and operat-
ed by the University of Michigan,
as are many other things in Ann
Arbor, and we could wholehearted-
ly set upon the pursuit of football
players without having to worry
about such trivial matters as the
sanity codes which J. Edgar Hoov-l
er recently classed as hypocritical.
In this manner, the vast resourc-
es of the University of Michigan
plus the vast resourcesof its alum-'
ni could legitimately be used to
make sure that Michigan has a top
notch football team every year,
and that our fine athletic pro-
gram will be continued.
But it is obvious that when the
Board in Control of Intercolle-
giate Athletics recently called tele-
vision a "sleeping giant," they ob-
viously meant a "growing giant,"
a giant that may some day replace
one of the greatest monsters of
them all, big time college football.
-E. S. Sader
* * *
Willie McGee...-;
To the Editor:
ON MAY 8, Willie McGee is
scheduled to die for the sev-
enth time in the last six years.
During this time, the case has
evoked even international protest
against this expression of "de-
mocracy," and yet the Supreme
Court refuses to hear the case.
To the fifteen million American
Negroes this is an insult. Negroes
are fighting in Korea while their
families back hoie are engaged in
the fight against political, eco-
i nomic and legal abuses.
In reviewingathercase of Mr.
,cGee, it is apparent that the
state of Mississippi had intended
to make his cruel treatment a
warning for all Negroes, and a
symbol that Jim-Crow as an in-
stitution is supreme in the South.
The White supremacists had in-
tended to intimidate the Negro
people, but instead, their policy
provoked world-wide protest.
Some have questioned the work
of the McGee Committee as being
too demonstrative in its methods,
saying that the Negro question in
this country is of a moral char-
acter, and that you can't force
people's minds to change over
night. Nearly one-hundred years
have elapsed since the Emancipa-
tion Proclamation. How long does
it take to change a prejudiced

When the institution of slavery
was first begun in this country,
were the Negroes made slaves be-
cause they were considered an in-
ferior people, or was it because
their cheap labor provided a high-
ly profitable business for southern
plantation owners? The South
fought the Civil War for the right
of continuing this brutal commer-
cial utilization. The idea of racial
inferiority was only a superficial
explanation which served to con-
ceal the real reason behind Negro
economic exploitation. This same
excuse is still being used to hide
this same economic abuse. Even
some Negroes believe it, but how
long can you fool the people?
It's too late to save the Martins-
ville Seven and the hundreds of
other Negro martyrs who have
been lynched, whether legally or
illegally. But you can save Willie

McGee by writing to President
Truman or Fielding Wright asking
for a new trial.
-Valerie Cowen '54
Myron Wahls '54
Co-chairmen of the
McGee Committee
Old Ironclad . .
To the Editor:
AFTER READING in last Sun-
day's Daily that a local chap-
ter of American Patriots for Rais-
ing the Monitor was being organ-
ized on the campus, I decided that
I wanted to do'something to help.
Not knowing exactly what it would
be, I wrestled with the problem be-
tween spasms of emotionalism. At
last I came up with this little bit
which I hope will aid in converting
others. Long Live the .American
Patriots for Raising the Monitor!
Ay, leave her ,shattered hulk to
Long has she rocked below,
And many a fish has swum to
The grandma of the "Mo";
Above her plies, the coastal
And plops the dinghy's oar;-
The Yankee Cheese Box ,on a
Shall rout the Reb no more.
Her gun revolved in turrent
And warned the Southern foe
That ne'er a band of selfish men
Our Union could o'erthrow;
No more her ironclad deck shall
The strength to make men
Sixth Naval District brass have
The scourge of Slavery!
Oh better that her rusted shell
Should rest beneath the wave;
If 'naval hearts have turned to
Then leave her to her grave!
Let flounder man her silent gun,
Let squid now grasp her wheel;
For men, once bold, have lost
their nerve,
And only ships are steel!
-Pete Hall '53
A coach speaking at a meeting
of the Pacific Coast Intercollegiate
Athletic Conference advised his
colleagues: "We've got to do some-
thing about these athletic problems
or we're all going to be sun, hgh-
er than a kite." We are reminded
of the old saying about how a fel-
low could learn some things on the
football field that he could never
learn in the classroom-about mix-
ing metaphors, for instance.
-St. Louis Post-Dispatch.








Architecture Auditorium
* GREEN FOR DANGER with Alstair
Sim, Trevor Howard and Leo Genn.
THE ENGLI§H seem to have a special
knack for whipping together good acting,
a certain quality of understatement, sus-
pense and good story and turning out sensible
whodunits on what appears to be a shoe-
string budget. Often as not they are quite
literate and exciting and this unpretentious
item is no exception.
The action concerns the rather tangled
relationships of four or five people in a
hospital during the V-2 bombardment of
London. When what looks suspiciously
like murder occurs the Yard sends down
one of its inspectors whose methods, as it
turns out, are somewhat unorthodox. The
usual false leads are quickly disposed of
and the investigation proceeds in a
leisurely manner but with an undertone of
urgency and death The identity of the
murderer is not too hard to deduce; the
real pleasure is watching the adroit un-
raveling of the web of motive by the sur-

At The Michigan . . .
Ruth Roman, Richard Todd, and Mercedes
THE PERS6NALITIES of the principals
involved help out this one a little, but
not much, and, on the whole, it cannot be
regarded as any more than a particularly
implausible murder mystery in which little
occurs that is very interesting and even less
that is mysterious.
The Brothers Warner, masters of the
tried-and-true, have done the old one here
about the man who may have killed his
former wife, and presumably has the same
malicious intentions toward the new one,
who is, of course the heroine. Hitchcock
and Joan Fontaine have won Oscars for this
type of agony, but nothing new on the sub-
ject has been learned in the intervening
years and a great deal seems to have been
Ruth Roman gets herself up as a formid-
able candidate for First Lady of the Pot-
boilers on this performance. She is much
better than her material. Richar Todd
follows his direction well, glaring and grin-
ning on cue. Mercedes McCambridge intro-

Sixty-First Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Jim Brown ... ........Managing Editor
Paul. Brentlinger ...........City Editor
Roma Lipsky' ........ .Editorial Director
Dave Thomas ...... Feature Editor
Janet watts ...........Associate Editor
Nancy Bylan . ..... . .Associate Editor
James Gregory.......Associate Editor
Bill Connolly............Sports Editor
Bob Sandell ....Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton ....Associate Sports Editor
Barbara Jans ......... Women's Editor
Pat BrownsoA Associate women's Editor
Business Staff
Bob Daniels........Business Manager
waiter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager
Paul Schaible .....Advertising Manager
Sally Fish ............Finance Manager
Bob Miller........Circulation Manager
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6 r.

1- - - I- - -P. - I -

W~~Neyp Neassoe

You-you impossibility! You
N preposteroushallucination

Albert, dismiss this
Now hold ; rowdy menace from


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