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### April 24, 1951 (vol. 61, iss. 138) - Image 4

Resource type:
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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1951-04-24

THE MICHIGAN DAILY,

TUESDAY, AR M24, 1951

I

The New Senator

HE APPOINTMENT of Blair Moody,
highly-respected Washington correspon-
at of the Detroit News, to fill the Senate
At left empty by the death of Arthur Van-
niberg reflects the greatest credit on Gov.
illiams.
Despite heavy pressure from various fac-
ons of the Democratic Party to make a
political" appointment, Gov. Williams se-
oted a man who has never run for of-
ce before in his life, but who gave prom-
e of being the best possible successor to
[icbigan's great foreign policy spokesman.
By virtue of his 18 years experience in
ashington during which time he gained
:ognition as one of the nation's top news-
per and radio commentators, Moody stood
ad and shoulders above all the other can-
lates for the appointment, with the pos-
le exception of Prof. John P. Dawson of
e Law School.
As a newspaperman, his column was con-
tently one of the most thoughful and in-
iential being written in the Capital. Writ-
g for a major paper in the traditionally-
>lationist Midwest, he maintained a heavy
ternational emphasis and took many trips
road to report on the progress of the Mar-
all Plan and other European matters.
titorials published in The Michigan Daily
e written by members of The Daily staff
d represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: BOB VAUGHN

A warm admirer of the late President
Roosevelt and a liberal in his approach to
domestic and foreign issues, he often found
himnself at odds with the policy of his own
paper. To the paper's credit, he was always
allowed to express his views.
Moody was known as one of the hardest
working and most sincere members of the
Washington press corps and as an expert on
economic problems. After working, as a war
correspondent in Europe and the Near East,
he returned to Washington to concentrate
his attention on international affairs. He
helped Sen. Vandenberg draft the Republi-
can leader's historic bi-partisan foreign pol-
icy speech made \in the Senate in 1945.
Moody has stressed again and again the
dangers of remaining weak in a world
threatened by international Communism and
backed Gen. George Marshall's recommenda-
tions on military preparedness long before
Korea.
He has been in favor of stronger controls
to combat inflation and backed President
Truman in the .recall of MacArthur.
Reflecting the democratic faith of an
optimistic newspaperman, he has always
had confidence in the capacity of the Am-
erican people to make the right decision
telligently-reported information.
Most of all, Moody represents a major ad-
dition to the rational, intellectual wing of
the Senate which is more conscious of pub-
lic responsibility than political connections
-a faction which at times seems all too
small.
-Dave Thomas

The _
City Editor's
SCRATCH)
By PAUL BRENTLINGER
BEFORE THE MacArthur incident cap-
tured everyone's fancy, the question of
deferring college students from the draft was
the most popular topic of discussion in the
nation's bull session.
A great many people, especially those
who areneither college students nor pro-
fessors, reacted violently against the de-
ferment proposal. They claimed that it
was unfair and undemocratic. The typi-
cal sort of comment was one which said
"I guess the Army only wants the -dumb-
bells these days."
Others defended the plan on the grounds
that the welfare of the nation is dependent
upon a well educated citizenry.
Despite the temptation of college people
to sing the praises of this sort of plan, care-
ful consideration indicates that-the proposal
to defer college men on the basis of class
standing and test scores is unfair and un-
democratic, and ought to be scrapped. Along
with its scrapping 'should come some defin-
ite improvements in the present draft set-up.
The unpopularity of the plan perhaps is
reason enough for dropping it. Parents
whose sons have already been drafted, men
serving in the armed forces, and young men
who for some reason do not plan to enter
college have been very much disturbed by
the proposal. Their morale has understand-
ably been lowered.
But more important than this, the one ar-
gument which has been used in support of
the plan is not a very strong one, providing
the draft is handled in an intelligent man-
ner.
If the draft age were to be lowered to 18,
young men would enter the armed forces
shortly after leaving high school. Assuming
that the international situation remains
about the same for a number of years, it
should be possible to discharge these men
after a maximum of two years service.
Upon discharge, it seems reasonable to ex-
pect that those men really interested in
higher education would enter college, and
then be able to complete their training wtih-
out interruption.
Adoption of this sort of program would
mean that at the end of a two year period
the nation's colleges would be fairly well
filled, and we would need not have any
fears about a lack of trained leaders.
Should a sudden shortage of trained lead-
ers develop before the first group of draf-
tees were discharged and entered college,
the armed forces could certainly estab-
lish something similar to the V-12 and
ASTP programs which took care of this
matter during World War II.
The college draft deferment proposal will
only create unnecessary hard feelings be-
tween college trained people and those with.
out college training. This sort of situation is
certainly not at all desirable for the country
especially during the existing period of
national emergency. Certainly some changes
in the present draft structure are needed if
the needs of the nation as a whole are to be
equitably served.

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Xtt'ePJ TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not; in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
editors.

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ON THE
Washmigton MerryGo-Round
with DREW PEARSfON

Student Government Purpose

EDITOR'S NOTE: Following is a condensation
of a speech given by the President of the Student
Council. at Oberlin College. It is printed here
because it embodies ideas which we feel are ap-
plicable to students everywhere, and especially
on the day of student legislature elections.
TUDENT GOVERNMENT is built upon a
simple but nevertheless important prin-
:iple. It is never really student government.
n America, in spite of state and local laws,
he final law of the land is the constitution
f the United States. So it is with student
government. Its right of existence is subject
o a higher law-the law of the College.
If you don't like the laws of the United
States or the College, you can get out. This,
however, is not the mark of a good citizen,
or a good citizen of either the United
States or the College should be able to
hange the laws when necessary through
he democratic process.
The real authority for student govern-
ment lies in the student body; however,
they in turn are delegated powers by the
rulers on top which are the legal corpor-
ate authority. Nevertheless, along with the
legal authority of the rulers goes a moral
right of the students. Our student self-
government, as a vital part of education, is
a moral right.
This view places heavy responsibilities on

both the rulers and the student body. The
College must delegate enough responsibility
so that student government will not be a
mere bull-session with a budget. On the
other hand, student ,government must as-
sume the responsibility assigned to it and
must carry out its duties both to the student
body and to the College as a whole.
. It is not only our right, but our duty to
criticize, evaluate, discuss, approve or con-
demn anything which affects the College.
No area ought to be immune from debate. If
a Student Council has something to hide,
then it's shirking its responsibility. If the
faculty is planning in secret a change which'
affects students, they are disregarding the
very democratic principles the College em-
braces.
It is the duty of each of us to examine
carefully the candidates who wish to re-
persent us for the coming year. Will they.
place the welfare of the College over risk-
ing unpopularity with the faculty? Can
they think clearly? Organize and carry
out a plan of action? Do they command
the respect of the student and faculty?
Do they have time for the job? Will they
fight, if necessary, to preserve the moral
rights and integrity of the student body?
How do they feel on campus issues?
In short, we ought to vote for the strong-
est people we can get to fulfill the respon-
sibilities entrusted to the council. A.strong
student council is the surest way to con-
tinue to strive for the aim of training us to
participate "intelligently, effectively, and
loyally" in all phases of our lives.
-Roger Brucker

Butler

.Investigation
THE INVESTIGATION into the Maryland
Senatorial election has now been com-
pleted, and it is apparent that no move will
be made to deprive Republican John Mar-
shall Butler of his Senate seat.
But it is also clear that the people of
Maryland were duped by the clever pub-
licity of GOP campaign manager Jon. M.
Jonkel and the demamgoguery of Sen.
Joseph McCarthy into electing a non-
entity as their Senator.
Jonkel, in his testimony, declared that less
tlan a thousand people had ever heard But-
ler's name when the campaign started. The
Republicans enmeshed the Democratic in-
cumbent, capable and experienced Millard
Tydings, in a web of hazy lies and innuen-
dos, played catchy jingles incessantly on the
radio, drumming Butler's name into the
public mind, and succeeded in electing their
man. Obviously, Senators are made, not born.
The S e n a t e investigating committee
brought out numerous irregularities in the
GOP campaign. These discredit Butler, but
were not felt to be sufficient cause for tak-
ing the extreme step of removing the Sena-
tor from his post.
Attention of the probers centered chiefly
around the pamphlet "For the Record,"
containing the famous Tydings-Browder
composite picture. This circular Tydings de-
nounced as being a "tissue of lies," with con-
siderable justification.
Campaign financing was conducted in a
highly illegal manner. Jonkel invented the
trick of "short-circuiting" contributions,
that is, endorsing the checks to creditors
without clearing them through the campaign
treasurer as Maryland law requires. Through
this device, $27,000 of campaign funds slip- ped by unreported. Another misdeed was the "midnight ride" given William Fedder, printer of GOP cam- paign material, to recover a letter from But- ler which allegedly violated the Corrupt Practices Act. Also, Butler backers are char- ged with consistently disregarding criminal libel laws. So to McCarthy goes another triumph- he has succeeded where the late President Roosevelt failed-he has purged Tydings from the Senate. WASHINGTON-The last time I talked to Senator Vandenberg wasr N in December, shortly after the tragic December defeat in Korea. Following this, certain GOP Senators had gone hog-wild against thep bipartisan foreign policy, and I phoned Vandenberg in Grand RapidsI to see if he had any ideas about getting that policy back on an evens keel., A couple of friends were then trying to get Truman and Taftd together for a personal, face-to-face talk, minus publicity, inI order to pull our harassed and sadly disunited foreign policy offe the partisan rocks.X Telling Senator Vandenberg about this, I asked if he couldn't0 help. Perhaps a statement from him, or a phone r- te leadersc would start the ball rolling.P But Vandenberg was skeptical.r "The boys have the bit in their teeth," he sI doubt ifI anything can stop them. No matter how many times you. call them to the White House to discuss foreign policy, I doubt if it would do anye good. They wouldn't stay put."s He seemed tired, old, and quite discouraged.t Looking back on what has happened since then, I can see that s he was right..t -VANDENBE G'S COOPERATION-d VANDENBERG WENT ON to say, in our telephone conversationt that when he was actively in the Senate, there were constant con-s ferences and genuine teamwork between the State Department and hise Foreign Relations Committee. As a result of this teamwork, the North Atlantic Pact had been written and rewritten about seven times. r "It really was a bipartisan foreign policy then," he said. "But there doesn't seem to be the same relationship now between thei State Department and the hill." - Part of this, I suspect, was due to the fact that Vandenberg hl - self was no longer in harness. For his grasp of foreign affairs was as great as his prestige in the Senate. ** * * --VANDENBERG AND McCORMICK HISTORY WILL ATTRIBUTE many great things to Arthur Vanden- berg-including passage of the Marshall Plan and the North At- lantic Pact. But perhaps Vandenberg's greatest achievement was the ability to change his mind. Some statesmen can't do that. They get rigid and immobile. Vandenberg once told me how, during the 1936 Republican convention in Cleveland, Col. McCormick of the Chicago Tribune had come to him late one night to urge that he run for Vice- President on the Alf Landon ticket. McCormick was then extre- mely close to Vandenberg. Both were strong isolationists, both saw eye-to-eye on most Republican policy. The Michigan Senator, however, refused. The incident illustrates the closeness of their friendship, which later was broken by Vanden- berg's desertion of the isolationist cause. That was the biggest political change in Vandenberg's life. With V-E day, he saw that atomic weapons, long-range rockets and big bombers had ended the traditional isolation of the United States. Abruptly, he deserted the Chicago Tribune bandwagon. The Tribune, in turn, never forgave him. To the very end, its most scathing car- toons were directed at Arthur Vandenberg, the turncoat. In civilian life, the American people do not usually fete their political heroes. The politician is so close to the people that they see all his imperfections. He has to battle daily in the public arena where he gets soiled by the mud and invective of political combat. His statements cannot be censored; the photographers snap him as they will. But though no pomp or circumstance honored the closing days of his life, Arthur Vandenberg deserves all the tributes the American people can give him. He will go down as one of the great political heroes of our day. ** * * -CRIME REPORTER- THE WASHINGTON DAILY NEWS' crack reporter, Milt Berliner, got the last laugh on Congressman James Davis, Georgia Demo- crat. Berliner wrote a series of articles, criticizing Davis's weak crime probe into the capital underworld, in which it appeared to some that Davis was pulling his punches. Berliner's articles so got under Davis's skin, that he com- plained to Berliner's editors. The other day, however, Davis's chickens came home to roost when Berliner received a newspaper guild award for his series on Davis. Significantly, the judges included Sens. Margaret Chase Smith of Maine and Mike Monroney of Oklahoma, both former colleagues of Davis. Constitution , ro the Editor: E THOROUGHLY believe the W revised Student Governmnt ,onsttution now before the cam- us should be adopted. The constitutional revision at his time which is designed to ring the document up to date and to reword unclear ambiguous con- struction has our complete and studied support. --John S. Ryder Pris Ball Phil Berry Philip Dawson Herb Ruben George Roumell, Jr. V'acArthur .* ro the Editor: NOW AT LONG LAST I-can set *down my views on the Mac- Arthur debate. When I first heard the news (about twelve hours after it was released) I was deeply shocked not because of the dis- missal, but because of the violent mob reaction of a fraction of the population. Without thought such things as, "Hang the President!" or, "Impeach him!" were heard from all across the nation. With- out tie slightest thought as tothe reasons for the President's action. The, President had reasons for proceding as he did, in fact I fear I never would have been patient so long in face of rank insubordi- nation. MacArthur was given or- ders which he refused to obey. He was told not to issue ary un- censored statement on the war. He was told not to give political opinions from behind his uniform. The latter order was issued be- cause he not only antagonized the President as has so often and rudely been stated but the whole U.N. In 1942 he very dramaticly stat- ed, "I shall return!" He did not say we, he didn't even think of the men who would fight and die so that he could return. Many of the men. who fought under him hated him. One of them said to me, "On the. beachheads several days after the fighting was over the officers would come around telling them to hurry and get rid of the last few snipers so the Gen- eral could have his picture taken (standing in the water) before the news of the beachhead was re- leased." He has persisted in contradict- ing himself. He says, "Save For- mosa from Communism," while he advocates withdrawal of the Chi- nese Nationalist to a futile attack on the mainland, which would leave Formosa wide open to Com- munism. He says too many Amer ican boys are being killed, but he advocates total global war and ha never before hesitated at sending men to certain death forth glory-of Douglas MacArthur .., In answer to Readers Schmid and George I state that it is no Truman who is a Caesar, but Mac- Arthur. He sees himself as safel: across his Rubicon (the Pacific) the hour of freedom (or subjectio and war) is at hand; he will re gardless of his denials (methinic he doth protest too much) hop to build himself a presidency (0 military despotism). -Patrica Ketchem Comparison . . To the Editor: DURING the spring vacation went East for a visit to Har vard. I expected to find Harvar a school with the oldest tradition in America, to be full of the stai conservatism that is generally as sociated with it. I discovere however, that they have adopte many progressive measures the U. of M; students might well thin about. Fundamentally, the different between the universities is an at titude on the part of Harvar officials that allows them to tree students much more as adults ra ther than as children who mwi be restricted at every turn. You can imagine my surprise s I climbed the steps of my friend dormitory to hear women's voic( coming from some of the room My Harvard friends thought strange that M students are n allowed to entertain members c the opposite sex in their room They take for granted the freedoi of having female guests in the: rooms until 8:30 in the evenin This 8:30 permission for undej graduates is increased to, 1:t (which is enforced by the hon system only) for all graduate stu- dents. Incidentally, . M.LT., a nearby college, has open dormitory rooms until 1:00 for all students. While discussing guest speakers I learned Communists have spoken on Harvard's campus without any- one becoming disturbed about it. This, of course, was a shock to me, remembering what had hap-, pened last year when Phillips, a Communist, was refused permis- sion to speak on M's campus; The case with which this idea of a Communist speaking on Harvard's campus was accepted was in marked contrast to the explosive atmosphere surrounding the Phil- lip's debate. At Harvard it is felt that any officially recognized stu- dent organization is trustworthy enough to be allowed to present a speaker without having him passed upon by the university, -Joe Savin Wheat for India To the Editor: FOR A LONG TIME the bill to send two million tons of .surz plus wheat to India has been pend- ing in the U. S. Congress. Day by day the famine conditions in India grow worse.. Yet there is no de- cisive action on the measure. We have the wheat sitting around, and many Indians are in danger of starvation. The government of India has offered to pay for the wheat on a long-term basis. Why hasn't the grain been sent? The United States legislators want strings attached to the bundle. India does not. To extract strate- gic raw materials which India vitally needs for her own industry in preference to payment that has already been offered might be com- pared to making a man work twelve hours for one loaf of bread when he is already half dead from hunger. There is another approach. Could not.the U. S. Congress be persuaded to deal with this prob lem from a purely humanitarian Lpoint of view?; An appeal to. that effect was drawn up, signed by twelve students representing seven different countries, and sent to the President of the Senate. A reply was received from Vice President Barkley acknowledging receipt of the petition and stating that it would be brought 'to the attention of the Senate. If the American people can be informed -about the situation in India, aid may be sent before it is too late. It is difficult to conceive how grounds could be maintained for not sending aid to any group of people who are threatened with, starvation, -William Grove e s . A La Ii I-, 4 It ,A 4 A . DORIS FLEESON: Generalt 1 WASHINGTON-Three years ago President Truman urged General MacArthur to return home for a hero's welcome. The Presi- dent said he had a medal waiting for him-- it was the Distinguished Service Medal which Mr. Truman pinned on him last October at Wake Island-and the whole country was eager to see him. He reminded the general all the other World War II victors had had their day and it was his turn. General MacArthur made the familiar excuses about his work being unfinished. The President did not feel that he should make it an order, and there the matter rested-until last week. Reminiscing now, the President feels maybe he should have made it an order but he still thinks the General ought to have his wel- come and he says he's doing all that he can to see that he gets it. But then the old stubborn glint appears in' the pale blue Truman eyes, and he says: "But I'm gonna uphold the Constitution." Next comes the history lesson, about as fol- lows: "The founding fathers made the President of the United States the Commander-in- gal IT WOULD APPEAR that the quality of Daily drama criticism has suddenly risen perceptibly. A few months ago, the Student Players produced a play entitled "Hanlon Won't Go." The Daily review panned it, but since the state of critical acumen had not yet attain- ed competence, the Student Players laid out an advertisement. In it, they gave a quote from the review, appended the names of the writers, and added a statement, in large ide lights Chief because they intended to put civilians over the military. Did you know the Presi- dent can take command in the field if he wants to? Well, he can. George Washington did it in the Whiskey Rebellion in 1794. "Why, every President has had the same problem to control the military. They'd run the country every time if you'd let 'ern but no president can let 'em if he does his duty." * * * THE TRUMAN CALLERS are ready to agree that Harry Truman won't let 'em by the time they leave the oval study which they describe as the quietest spot in a capital feverishly preparing for a supercolossal Mac- Arthur Day. They describe unanimously an earnest President who is sure he is both right and President. One put it that you can bank on one thing: There'll always be an Acheson as long as there's a Truman, That's another point that sparks fire from the Truman flint. The foreign policy, he makes it clear, is his, not Acheson's; General MacArthur was bucking the gov- ernment, not the State Department. Senator Duff, the outspoken Pennsylvania Republican who upholds Mr. Truman as a constitutionalist but whose admiration for the Truman judgment is virtually nil, says that the country is on an "emotional binge" about General MacArthur. The situation here bears him out. For example, the by-line writers and radio reporters who have been dealing with the story are deluged with "near Sir, you cur" mail of a type much in evidence when Sena- tor McCarthy was at floodtide. The denun- ciation is acceptable and part of the game; the hysterical and abusive tenor of much of it is faintly alarming. * *TA THERE ARE FORTUNATELY signs that Sixty-First Year Edited and managed by students of the University of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of Student Publications. - Editorial Staff d Jim Brown ... ........Managing Editor 1s PaulBrentlinger ...........City Editor d Roma Lipsky .........Editorial Director - Dave Thomas ...........Feature Editor d,Janet Watts . Associate Editor d James Gregory ........Associate Editor B Bill Connolly...........Sports Editor k Bob Sandell ....Associate Sports Editor Bill Brenton ....Associate Sports Editor e arbara Jans . ..Women's Editor Pat Brownson Associate Women'Editor d Business Staff Bob Daniels .........Business Manager -Walter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager St Paul Schaible .....Advertising Manager Sally Fish ........... Finance Manager Bob Miller.......Circulation Manager 's es Telephone 23-24-1 s. it Member of The Associated Press )t The Associated Press is exclusively of entitled to the use for republication i.of all news dispatches credited to it or otherwise credited to this newspaper. m All rights of republication of all other ir matters herein are also reserved. ig. Entered at the Post Office at Ann I Arbor, Michigan as second-class mail matter. 0 Subscription during regular school or year: by carrier,$6.00; by mail, \$7.00.

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(Copyright, 1951, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

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