THE MICHIGAN DAILY,
TUESDAY, AR M24, 1951
The New Senator
HE APPOINTMENT of Blair Moody,
highly-respected Washington correspon-
at of the Detroit News, to fill the Senate
At left empty by the death of Arthur Van-
niberg reflects the greatest credit on Gov.
Despite heavy pressure from various fac-
ons of the Democratic Party to make a
political" appointment, Gov. Williams se-
oted a man who has never run for of-
ce before in his life, but who gave prom-
e of being the best possible successor to
[icbigan's great foreign policy spokesman.
By virtue of his 18 years experience in
ashington during which time he gained
:ognition as one of the nation's top news-
per and radio commentators, Moody stood
ad and shoulders above all the other can-
lates for the appointment, with the pos-
le exception of Prof. John P. Dawson of
e Law School.
As a newspaperman, his column was con-
tently one of the most thoughful and in-
iential being written in the Capital. Writ-
g for a major paper in the traditionally-
>lationist Midwest, he maintained a heavy
ternational emphasis and took many trips
road to report on the progress of the Mar-
all Plan and other European matters.
titorials published in The Michigan Daily
e written by members of The Daily staff
d represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: BOB VAUGHN
A warm admirer of the late President
Roosevelt and a liberal in his approach to
domestic and foreign issues, he often found
himnself at odds with the policy of his own
paper. To the paper's credit, he was always
allowed to express his views.
Moody was known as one of the hardest
working and most sincere members of the
Washington press corps and as an expert on
economic problems. After working, as a war
correspondent in Europe and the Near East,
he returned to Washington to concentrate
his attention on international affairs. He
helped Sen. Vandenberg draft the Republi-
can leader's historic bi-partisan foreign pol-
icy speech made \in the Senate in 1945.
Moody has stressed again and again the
dangers of remaining weak in a world
threatened by international Communism and
backed Gen. George Marshall's recommenda-
tions on military preparedness long before
He has been in favor of stronger controls
to combat inflation and backed President
Truman in the .recall of MacArthur.
Reflecting the democratic faith of an
optimistic newspaperman, he has always
had confidence in the capacity of the Am-
erican people to make the right decision
providing they received adequate and in-
Most of all, Moody represents a major ad-
dition to the rational, intellectual wing of
the Senate which is more conscious of pub-
lic responsibility than political connections
-a faction which at times seems all too
By PAUL BRENTLINGER
BEFORE THE MacArthur incident cap-
tured everyone's fancy, the question of
deferring college students from the draft was
the most popular topic of discussion in the
nation's bull session.
A great many people, especially those
who areneither college students nor pro-
fessors, reacted violently against the de-
ferment proposal. They claimed that it
was unfair and undemocratic. The typi-
cal sort of comment was one which said
"I guess the Army only wants the -dumb-
bells these days."
Others defended the plan on the grounds
that the welfare of the nation is dependent
upon a well educated citizenry.
Despite the temptation of college people
to sing the praises of this sort of plan, care-
ful consideration indicates that-the proposal
to defer college men on the basis of class
standing and test scores is unfair and un-
democratic, and ought to be scrapped. Along
with its scrapping 'should come some defin-
ite improvements in the present draft set-up.
The unpopularity of the plan perhaps is
reason enough for dropping it. Parents
whose sons have already been drafted, men
serving in the armed forces, and young men
who for some reason do not plan to enter
college have been very much disturbed by
the proposal. Their morale has understand-
ably been lowered.
But more important than this, the one ar-
gument which has been used in support of
the plan is not a very strong one, providing
the draft is handled in an intelligent man-
If the draft age were to be lowered to 18,
young men would enter the armed forces
shortly after leaving high school. Assuming
that the international situation remains
about the same for a number of years, it
should be possible to discharge these men
after a maximum of two years service.
Upon discharge, it seems reasonable to ex-
pect that those men really interested in
higher education would enter college, and
then be able to complete their training wtih-
Adoption of this sort of program would
mean that at the end of a two year period
the nation's colleges would be fairly well
filled, and we would need not have any
fears about a lack of trained leaders.
Should a sudden shortage of trained lead-
ers develop before the first group of draf-
tees were discharged and entered college,
the armed forces could certainly estab-
lish something similar to the V-12 and
ASTP programs which took care of this
matter during World War II.
The college draft deferment proposal will
only create unnecessary hard feelings be-
tween college trained people and those with.
out college training. This sort of situation is
certainly not at all desirable for the country
especially during the existing period of
national emergency. Certainly some changes
in the present draft structure are needed if
the needs of the nation as a whole are to be
Jamming At The Source
Xtt'ePJ TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not; in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
m :ww u
with DREW PEARSfON
Student Government Purpose
EDITOR'S NOTE: Following is a condensation
of a speech given by the President of the Student
Council. at Oberlin College. It is printed here
because it embodies ideas which we feel are ap-
plicable to students everywhere, and especially
on the day of student legislature elections.
TUDENT GOVERNMENT is built upon a
simple but nevertheless important prin-
:iple. It is never really student government.
n America, in spite of state and local laws,
he final law of the land is the constitution
f the United States. So it is with student
government. Its right of existence is subject
o a higher law-the law of the College.
If you don't like the laws of the United
States or the College, you can get out. This,
however, is not the mark of a good citizen,
or a good citizen of either the United
States or the College should be able to
hange the laws when necessary through
he democratic process.
The real authority for student govern-
ment lies in the student body; however,
they in turn are delegated powers by the
rulers on top which are the legal corpor-
ate authority. Nevertheless, along with the
legal authority of the rulers goes a moral
right of the students. Our student self-
government, as a vital part of education, is
a moral right.
This view places heavy responsibilities on
both the rulers and the student body. The
College must delegate enough responsibility
so that student government will not be a
mere bull-session with a budget. On the
other hand, student ,government must as-
sume the responsibility assigned to it and
must carry out its duties both to the student
body and to the College as a whole.
. It is not only our right, but our duty to
criticize, evaluate, discuss, approve or con-
demn anything which affects the College.
No area ought to be immune from debate. If
a Student Council has something to hide,
then it's shirking its responsibility. If the
faculty is planning in secret a change which'
affects students, they are disregarding the
very democratic principles the College em-
It is the duty of each of us to examine
carefully the candidates who wish to re-
persent us for the coming year. Will they.
place the welfare of the College over risk-
ing unpopularity with the faculty? Can
they think clearly? Organize and carry
out a plan of action? Do they command
the respect of the student and faculty?
Do they have time for the job? Will they
fight, if necessary, to preserve the moral
rights and integrity of the student body?
How do they feel on campus issues?
In short, we ought to vote for the strong-
est people we can get to fulfill the respon-
sibilities entrusted to the council. A.strong
student council is the surest way to con-
tinue to strive for the aim of training us to
participate "intelligently, effectively, and
loyally" in all phases of our lives.
THE INVESTIGATION into the Maryland
Senatorial election has now been com-
pleted, and it is apparent that no move will
be made to deprive Republican John Mar-
shall Butler of his Senate seat.
But it is also clear that the people of
Maryland were duped by the clever pub-
licity of GOP campaign manager Jon. M.
Jonkel and the demamgoguery of Sen.
Joseph McCarthy into electing a non-
entity as their Senator.
Jonkel, in his testimony, declared that less
tlan a thousand people had ever heard But-
ler's name when the campaign started. The
Republicans enmeshed the Democratic in-
cumbent, capable and experienced Millard
Tydings, in a web of hazy lies and innuen-
dos, played catchy jingles incessantly on the
radio, drumming Butler's name into the
public mind, and succeeded in electing their
man. Obviously, Senators are made, not born.
The S e n a t e investigating committee
brought out numerous irregularities in the
GOP campaign. These discredit Butler, but
were not felt to be sufficient cause for tak-
ing the extreme step of removing the Sena-
tor from his post.
Attention of the probers centered chiefly
around the pamphlet "For the Record,"
containing the famous Tydings-Browder
composite picture. This circular Tydings de-
nounced as being a "tissue of lies," with con-
Campaign financing was conducted in a
highly illegal manner. Jonkel invented the
trick of "short-circuiting" contributions,
that is, endorsing the checks to creditors
without clearing them through the campaign
treasurer as Maryland law requires. Through
this device, $27,000 of campaign funds slip-
ped by unreported.
Another misdeed was the "midnight ride"
given William Fedder, printer of GOP cam-
paign material, to recover a letter from But-
ler which allegedly violated the Corrupt
Practices Act. Also, Butler backers are char-
ged with consistently disregarding criminal
So to McCarthy goes another triumph-
he has succeeded where the late President
Roosevelt failed-he has purged Tydings
from the Senate.
WASHINGTON-The last time I talked to Senator Vandenberg wasr
N in December, shortly after the tragic December defeat in Korea.
Following this, certain GOP Senators had gone hog-wild against thep
bipartisan foreign policy, and I phoned Vandenberg in Grand RapidsI
to see if he had any ideas about getting that policy back on an evens
A couple of friends were then trying to get Truman and Taftd
together for a personal, face-to-face talk, minus publicity, inI
order to pull our harassed and sadly disunited foreign policy offe
the partisan rocks.X
Telling Senator Vandenberg about this, I asked if he couldn't0
help. Perhaps a statement from him, or a phone r- te leadersc
would start the ball rolling.P
But Vandenberg was skeptical.r
"The boys have the bit in their teeth," he sI doubt ifI
anything can stop them. No matter how many times you. call them to
the White House to discuss foreign policy, I doubt if it would do anye
good. They wouldn't stay put."s
He seemed tired, old, and quite discouraged.t
Looking back on what has happened since then, I can see that s
he was right..t
-VANDENBE G'S COOPERATION-d
VANDENBERG WENT ON to say, in our telephone conversationt
that when he was actively in the Senate, there were constant con-s
ferences and genuine teamwork between the State Department and hise
Foreign Relations Committee. As a result of this teamwork, the North
Atlantic Pact had been written and rewritten about seven times. r
"It really was a bipartisan foreign policy then," he said. "But
there doesn't seem to be the same relationship now between thei
State Department and the hill." -
Part of this, I suspect, was due to the fact that Vandenberg hl -
self was no longer in harness. For his grasp of foreign affairs was as
great as his prestige in the Senate.
** * *
--VANDENBERG AND McCORMICK
HISTORY WILL ATTRIBUTE many great things to Arthur Vanden-
berg-including passage of the Marshall Plan and the North At-
lantic Pact. But perhaps Vandenberg's greatest achievement was the
ability to change his mind. Some statesmen can't do that. They get
rigid and immobile.
Vandenberg once told me how, during the 1936 Republican
convention in Cleveland, Col. McCormick of the Chicago Tribune
had come to him late one night to urge that he run for Vice-
President on the Alf Landon ticket. McCormick was then extre-
mely close to Vandenberg. Both were strong isolationists, both saw
eye-to-eye on most Republican policy.
The Michigan Senator, however, refused. The incident illustrates
the closeness of their friendship, which later was broken by Vanden-
berg's desertion of the isolationist cause.
That was the biggest political change in Vandenberg's life. With
V-E day, he saw that atomic weapons, long-range rockets and big
bombers had ended the traditional isolation of the United States.
Abruptly, he deserted the Chicago Tribune bandwagon. The Tribune,
in turn, never forgave him. To the very end, its most scathing car-
toons were directed at Arthur Vandenberg, the turncoat.
In civilian life, the American people do not usually fete their
political heroes. The politician is so close to the people that they
see all his imperfections. He has to battle daily in the public
arena where he gets soiled by the mud and invective of political
combat. His statements cannot be censored; the photographers
snap him as they will.
But though no pomp or circumstance honored the closing days of
his life, Arthur Vandenberg deserves all the tributes the American
people can give him. He will go down as one of the great political
heroes of our day.
** * *
THE WASHINGTON DAILY NEWS' crack reporter, Milt Berliner,
got the last laugh on Congressman James Davis, Georgia Demo-
crat. Berliner wrote a series of articles, criticizing Davis's weak crime
probe into the capital underworld, in which it appeared to some that
Davis was pulling his punches.
Berliner's articles so got under Davis's skin, that he com-
plained to Berliner's editors.
The other day, however, Davis's chickens came home to roost when
Berliner received a newspaper guild award for his series on Davis.
Significantly, the judges included Sens. Margaret Chase Smith of
Maine and Mike Monroney of Oklahoma, both former colleagues of
ro the Editor:
E THOROUGHLY believe the
W revised Student Governmnt
,onsttution now before the cam-
us should be adopted.
The constitutional revision at
his time which is designed to
ring the document up to date and
to reword unclear ambiguous con-
struction has our complete and
--John S. Ryder
George Roumell, Jr.
ro the Editor:
NOW AT LONG LAST I-can set
*down my views on the Mac-
Arthur debate. When I first heard
the news (about twelve hours after
it was released) I was deeply
shocked not because of the dis-
missal, but because of the violent
mob reaction of a fraction of the
population. Without thought such
things as, "Hang the President!"
or, "Impeach him!" were heard
from all across the nation. With-
out tie slightest thought as tothe
reasons for the President's action.
The, President had reasons for
proceding as he did, in fact I fear
I never would have been patient
so long in face of rank insubordi-
nation. MacArthur was given or-
ders which he refused to obey.
He was told not to issue ary un-
censored statement on the war.
He was told not to give political
opinions from behind his uniform.
The latter order was issued be-
cause he not only antagonized the
President as has so often and
rudely been stated but the whole
In 1942 he very dramaticly stat-
ed, "I shall return!" He did not
say we, he didn't even think of
the men who would fight and die
so that he could return. Many of
the men. who fought under him
hated him. One of them said to
me, "On the. beachheads several
days after the fighting was over
the officers would come around
telling them to hurry and get rid
of the last few snipers so the Gen-
eral could have his picture taken
(standing in the water) before the
news of the beachhead was re-
He has persisted in contradict-
ing himself. He says, "Save For-
mosa from Communism," while he
advocates withdrawal of the Chi-
nese Nationalist to a futile attack
on the mainland, which would
leave Formosa wide open to Com-
munism. He says too many Amer
ican boys are being killed, but he
advocates total global war and ha
never before hesitated at sending
men to certain death forth
glory-of Douglas MacArthur ..,
In answer to Readers Schmid
and George I state that it is no
Truman who is a Caesar, but Mac-
Arthur. He sees himself as safel:
across his Rubicon (the Pacific)
the hour of freedom (or subjectio
and war) is at hand; he will re
gardless of his denials (methinic
he doth protest too much) hop
to build himself a presidency (0
Comparison . .
To the Editor:
DURING the spring vacation
went East for a visit to Har
vard. I expected to find Harvar
a school with the oldest tradition
in America, to be full of the stai
conservatism that is generally as
sociated with it. I discovere
however, that they have adopte
many progressive measures the
U. of M; students might well thin
Fundamentally, the different
between the universities is an at
titude on the part of Harvar
officials that allows them to tree
students much more as adults ra
ther than as children who mwi
be restricted at every turn.
You can imagine my surprise s
I climbed the steps of my friend
dormitory to hear women's voic(
coming from some of the room
My Harvard friends thought
strange that M students are n
allowed to entertain members c
the opposite sex in their room
They take for granted the freedoi
of having female guests in the:
rooms until 8:30 in the evenin
This 8:30 permission for undej
graduates is increased to, 1:t
(which is enforced by the hon
system only) for all graduate stu-
dents. Incidentally, . M.LT., a
nearby college, has open dormitory
rooms until 1:00 for all students.
While discussing guest speakers
I learned Communists have spoken
on Harvard's campus without any-
one becoming disturbed about it.
This, of course, was a shock to
me, remembering what had hap-,
pened last year when Phillips, a
Communist, was refused permis-
sion to speak on M's campus; The
case with which this idea of a
Communist speaking on Harvard's
campus was accepted was in
marked contrast to the explosive
atmosphere surrounding the Phil-
lip's debate. At Harvard it is felt
that any officially recognized stu-
dent organization is trustworthy
enough to be allowed to present a
speaker without having him
passed upon by the university,
Wheat for India
To the Editor:
FOR A LONG TIME the bill to
send two million tons of .surz
plus wheat to India has been pend-
ing in the U. S. Congress. Day by
day the famine conditions in India
grow worse.. Yet there is no de-
cisive action on the measure. We
have the wheat sitting around,
and many Indians are in danger
of starvation. The government of
India has offered to pay for the
wheat on a long-term basis. Why
hasn't the grain been sent? The
United States legislators want
strings attached to the bundle.
India does not. To extract strate-
gic raw materials which India
vitally needs for her own industry
in preference to payment that has
already been offered might be com-
pared to making a man work
twelve hours for one loaf of bread
when he is already half dead from
There is another approach.
Could not.the U. S. Congress be
persuaded to deal with this prob
lem from a purely humanitarian
Lpoint of view?; An appeal to. that
effect was drawn up, signed by
twelve students representing seven
different countries, and sent to
the President of the Senate. A
reply was received from Vice
President Barkley acknowledging
receipt of the petition and stating
that it would be brought 'to the
attention of the Senate.
If the American people can be
informed -about the situation in
India, aid may be sent before it is
too late. It is difficult to conceive
how grounds could be maintained
for not sending aid to any group
of people who are threatened with,
WASHINGTON-Three years ago President
Truman urged General MacArthur to
return home for a hero's welcome. The Presi-
dent said he had a medal waiting for him--
it was the Distinguished Service Medal which
Mr. Truman pinned on him last October at
Wake Island-and the whole country was
eager to see him. He reminded the general
all the other World War II victors had had
their day and it was his turn.
General MacArthur made the familiar
excuses about his work being unfinished.
The President did not feel that he should
make it an order, and there the matter
rested-until last week.
Reminiscing now, the President feels maybe
he should have made it an order but he still
thinks the General ought to have his wel-
come and he says he's doing all that he can
to see that he gets it.
But then the old stubborn glint appears in'
the pale blue Truman eyes, and he says:
"But I'm gonna uphold the Constitution."
Next comes the history lesson, about as fol-
"The founding fathers made the President
of the United States the Commander-in-
IT WOULD APPEAR that the quality of
Daily drama criticism has suddenly risen
A few months ago, the Student Players
produced a play entitled "Hanlon Won't Go."
The Daily review panned it, but since the
state of critical acumen had not yet attain-
ed competence, the Student Players laid out
an advertisement. In it, they gave a quote
from the review, appended the names of the
writers, and added a statement, in large
Chief because they intended to put civilians
over the military. Did you know the Presi-
dent can take command in the field if he
wants to? Well, he can. George Washington
did it in the Whiskey Rebellion in 1794.
"Why, every President has had the same
problem to control the military. They'd run
the country every time if you'd let 'ern but
no president can let 'em if he does his duty."
* * *
THE TRUMAN CALLERS are ready to
agree that Harry Truman won't let 'em
by the time they leave the oval study which
they describe as the quietest spot in a capital
feverishly preparing for a supercolossal Mac-
Arthur Day. They describe unanimously an
earnest President who is sure he is both right
and President. One put it that you can bank
on one thing: There'll always be an Acheson
as long as there's a Truman,
That's another point that sparks fire
from the Truman flint. The foreign policy,
he makes it clear, is his, not Acheson's;
General MacArthur was bucking the gov-
ernment, not the State Department.
Senator Duff, the outspoken Pennsylvania
Republican who upholds Mr. Truman as a
constitutionalist but whose admiration for
the Truman judgment is virtually nil, says
that the country is on an "emotional binge"
about General MacArthur. The situation
here bears him out.
For example, the by-line writers and radio
reporters who have been dealing with the
story are deluged with "near Sir, you cur"
mail of a type much in evidence when Sena-
tor McCarthy was at floodtide. The denun-
ciation is acceptable and part of the game;
the hysterical and abusive tenor of much of
it is faintly alarming.
THERE ARE FORTUNATELY signs that
Edited and managed by students of
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- Dave Thomas ...........Feature Editor
d,Janet Watts . Associate Editor
d James Gregory ........Associate Editor
B Bill Connolly...........Sports Editor
k Bob Sandell ....Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton ....Associate Sports Editor
e arbara Jans . ..Women's Editor
Pat Brownson Associate Women'Editor
d Business Staff
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-Walter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager
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(Copyright, 1951, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
So, as 'm a-sauntering up to tbe bar
Bang, bang! Mong, bang! Bang!
[Waal, late, as I'm a-2ficking
A. *..L .5 4 and Agmy ar..3
Eh? .. fry1