THE GENERAL'S SPEECH
FAIR AND COOL
See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXI, No. 135
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIpAY, APRIL 20, 1951
. , #
By The Associated Press f
Leaders of nations joined his
home town friends yesterday in
mourning for Sen. Arthur H. Van-
All agreed that the death Wed-
nesday night of the Republican
champion of a bi-partisan for-
eign policy was a setback to the
cause of world peace.
President Truman, unable to
attend the funeral himself, mean-
while designated three top aides
to represent him at services to-
In Line for
A source close to Democratic
state chairman Neil Staebler said
last night that Gov. Williams had
"definitely not chosen a successor
yet" to fill the unexpired term of
the late Sen. Arthur Vandenberg
and would not name him until
after the funeral service on Satur-
But this assertion did not halt
widespread speculation on the ap-
pointment and the box score, as of
last night, found eleven men
rumored to be under consideration
* * *
CONCEDED BY reports as the
top possibilities are Prof. John P.
Dawson of the Law School, former
U. S. Senator Prentiss M. Brown,
former Attorney-General Stephen
Roth and Noel P. Fox, chairman of
the State Labor Mediations Board.
But recently added to the spec-
ulation roster are Philip A. Hart,
directoi of the Michigan Office
of Price Stabilization; Detroit
Recorder's Judge George P. Mur-
phy; Judge Raymond W. Starr,
of Grand Rapids; former Gov.
Murry D. Van Wagoner; De-
troit Federal Judge Frank A. Pi-
card; former Detroit Common
Councilman George Edwards;
and the latest name on the list
Patrick V. MacNamara,membe
of the Detroit Board of Educa-
A MacNamara's name .was intro-
duced yesterday by Frank X. Mar-
tell, President of the Wayne Coun-
ty Federation of Labor. Martell,
who had criticized the late Sena-
tor for not resigning his seat when
his illness was prolonged, said that
the AFL would push for MacNa-
A Persistent rumor that Gov.
Williams might appoint a Republi-
can to fill the vacant seat found
no backers last night. A prominent
Ypsilanti member of the GOP,
George Weins, said that he knew
of no suc14plan.
morrow in Grand Rapids. They
are Secretary of State Dean Ach-
eson, Secretary of Commerce Char-
les Sawyer and W. Averill Harri-
man, Special Presidential Assist-
ant on Foreign Affairs.
* * *
LANSING, Washington and even
foreign capitals - places where
Vandenberg was almost as well
known as in his native Grand
Rapids-all were in mourning for
one of the founding fathers of the
Flags were at half staff over
the nation's capitol. In Lansing
the state legislature, called off its
afternoon session after both houses
adopted resolutions praising the
67-year-old Vandenberg's service
to the nation and the world.
President Truman praised
Vandenberg as "a patriot who
always subordinated partisan
advantage and personal inter-
est to the welfare of the nation."
Tributes included those of Win-
ston Churchill, Britain's wartime
prime minister, Trygve Lie, Sec-
retary General of the UN, and
Speaking before the School
of Education Convocation yes-
terday Provost James P. Adams
paid this tribute to the late
"A distinguished statesman,
a distinguished citizen, a dis-
tiguished son of this University
has been taken from our midst,
Hold high the torch.
You did not light its glow.
T'was given you
By pther hands, you know.
"That was the message which
Arthur Vandenberg heard and
on which he fashioned his faith
and courage in his search for
national unity and Internation-
Gov. Thomas E. Dewey of New
York, a native of Michigan and
a close friend of the deceased.
And back in the late Senator's
nativebMichigan, the state govern-
ment bowed its head in sorrow.
Gov. Williams today will pro-
claim tomorrow as a day of mourn-
ing throughout the state.
Rally To Urge
Arousedby the prospect of an
Indian famine approaching faster
than had been anticipated, stu-
dents and t psnolwpeweo
dents and townspeople will urge
in a public meeting at 4:15 p.m.
today that Congress act swiftly on
a pigeonholed "Wheat Tor India"
Sponsored by the UNESCO
Council, the meeting will be held
in the International Center and
will feature three main speakers.
They are John B. Muehl, of the
English department, Hiru Shah,
Grad., of Bombay and B. V. Gov-
indaraj, Grad., of Madras.
TOKYO -(P)- Chinese and
North Korean Reds retreated slow-
ly yesterday on much of the Kor-
ean front under a blanket of rain,
smoke and haze.
United Nations forces made lim-
ited gains and sent aggressive
patrols stabbing northward at
RAIN AND CLOUDS held Fifth
Air Force fighters to only 20 sor-
ties by dusk yesterday. It was the
lowest number since Feb. 9, when
only seven were mounted.
The Chinese and North Kor-
eans pulled back deeper into
North Korea with only token re-
sistance. There was a growing
feeling among frontline officers
that the Allied drive had pushed
almost as far ahead as it safely
could and that the next move
was up to the Chinese.
- From west and east, this was the
West Korean troops knifed west
and northwest of the Imjin River
with little contact.
West Central - Allied tank-
infantry teams plunged north-
west of Yonchon, pushing for
Chorwon, a key road rail point 18
miles north of the 38th parallel..
Central - Allied patrols north of
Hwachon withdrew under Red
small-arms fire, but other UN pa-
trols pushed above the West
Branch of the Pukhan River with
only minor enemy contacts.
* * *
East Central - The Reds were
tougher, sending a patrol back
into the outskirts of Allied-held
Yanggu, on the western tip of the
Hwachon reservoir, fand dripping
mortar shells into the town.
Because of the present slowing
down of fighting many frontline
observers are freely predicting an
Other observers dismiss this as
The Chinese, keyed up by their
early successes, expected an easy
victory, but quickly began to lose
heart when the Allies inflicted up-
on them tremendous and unexpect-
Those who say this, is wishful
thinking insist the Chinese are
merely waiting for the spring rains
before launching a powerful new
offensive with air and artillery
support. They noted that the Red
anti-American propanda is as vio-
lent as .ever.
Of War Threat I
Says Joint Chiefs
Backed His Views
But Pentagon Claims Hero's Oust
Unanimously Passed by Top Sta:
By The Associated Press
Gen. Douglas MacArthur, in a fighting speech before Conga
defended the whole of his Far Eastern strategy yesterday and saic
had understood that his views were shared in the past by "our o
Joint Chiefs of Staff."
Eight hours later, President Truman replied indirectly. He "auth
ized" Clayton Fritchey, Chief Public Relations man of the Departir
of Defense, to issue a statement saying:
"The action taken by the President in relieving General Mac
thur was based upon the unanimos recommendations of the Pr
dent's principal civilian and military advisors, including the Jo
Chiefs of Staff."
CONGRESS GREETED THE General with wild applause. Mac
thur was interrupted more than 30 times by cheering.
MacArthur retreated not an inch from the pattern of Pacif.
defense he has been advocatb
FIRST LANDING-Gen. Douglas MacArthur (center) is greeted by San Francisco Mayor Elmer Ro-
binson (lower left) as he steps from his plane at International Airport, San Francisco, Calif. Mrs.
MacArthur smiles in foreground as son, Arthur, follows his father down plane ramp.
* * * * * * ch *
CampusSplit on Mac rthur Speech
SENDAI, Japan-( P)-Lt.+
Matthew B. Ridgway told
American occupation troops
terday, "to all intents and
poses you're here in war.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur's dra-
matic speech before an informal
Congressional session yesterday
brought a mixed reaction from lo-
The accolades of Charles Sink,
president of the University Musi-
Mal Society, and the criticism of
Manfred Vernon of the political
science department exemplified the
typical reactions, which were
drawn along party lines.
Might Ruin UN
If United Nations forces were
to follow General' MacArthur's
proposals to bomb Manchuria and
effect other drastic measures
against Red China, the UN would
be rendered useless, Prof. Law-
rence Preuss of the political sci-
ence department said last night.
Prof. Preuss, adviser to the
American delegatiops at the Dum-
barton Oaks and San Francisco
conferences, spoke on the UN and
world peace in the second of a
lecture series under the joint spon-
sorship of the UNESCO Council
and the Union.
"COMMITTING ourselves to an
all-out war with China would so
alienate the Asiatic states and
split the North Atlantic powers
that the UN could no longer func-
tion effectively," he said.
The international law author-
ity noted two important trends
in the UN today. The first is the
shift in power from the Secur-
ity Council to the General As-
"The Security Council with all
members present cannot func-
tion," Prof. Preuss said. He added
that in the early days of the
Korean crisis, the UN body was
able to submit police recommen-
dations only because the Russian
delegate was not present.
SINK, a former Republican
State senator, lauded the General's
"It was a magnificent oration,
pronounced by an outstanding
American," he asserted.
"It couldn't have been more
straight-forward," he continued.
"And it certainly had a lot of meat
in it. Undoubtedly, his words are
going to provide much food for
thought for many people."
By The Associated Press
GLASGOW, Scotland - The
Scots who removed the stone of
Scone from Westminster Abbey
revealed their identity last night
shortly after the Government gave
its word there there would be no
S * *a .
NEW YORK - Admiral Wil-
liam Halsey, suffering from
pneumonia, was taken to Rodse-
velt Hospital last night from his
home at the Ambassador Hotel.
* * *
Commerce Commission yesterday
blamed. the Wreck of the Penn-
sylvania Railroad's commuter train
"The Broker" at Woodbridge, N.J.,
last Feb. 6, on excessive speed.
Eighty-four persons were killed
and 350, injured in the accident.
ON THE OTHER HAND, Vernon
assailed the General's speech, tak-
ing each major point categorically.
The political scienast couldn't
agree with MacArthur's state-
ment that "we now have the
strength to defend both Europe
and Asia." "It will take some
time," he explained, "before we
are sufficiently prepared on all
Vernon was also emphatic in his
disagreement with MacArthur's
Asian plan of action, which here-
tofore has provoked so much pub-
lic controversy. He labeled as "not
feasible" MacArthur's mention of:
(1) a naval blockade of China;
(2) the bombing of Manchuria and
China; and (3) the release of Na-
tionalist forces onto the Chinese
* * / *
"WE CERTAINLY must take in-
to consideration the ever-present
possibility of Soviet intervention,"
he said. "The policy of the Ad-
ministration in attempting to steer
the country away from an all-out
war is much wiser."
Commenting on MacArthur's
frequent references to "appease-
ment," Vernon insisted that the
United States is appeasing neither
the Soviet Union nor Communist
Admiralty last night abandoned
hope of rescuing gny of the 75
men trapped in the British sub-
TO OK Two
By close roll-call votes, the Stu-
dent Legislature last night voted to
return two proposed referenda con-
cerning women in the Union to
committee for further study.
By refusing to okay the issues,
the SL in effect declined to inter-
fere in Union affairs, until it be-
came clear that the Union was not
handling the liberalization of regu-
lations in a satisfactory manner.
The referenda would have asked
"Should the Union cafeteria be
open at 'all times to escorted+
women?" and "Should the Union
policy prohibiting women from us-
ing the front door be eliminated?"
The vote on the former was 16
to 13 and 12 to 8 on the latter, with
nine legislators abstaining.
Another proposed referendum,
asking whether the Michigan vot-
ing age should be lowered to 18
was approved by the Legislature,
and will take its place on the bal-
lot beside one okayed last night re-
garding campus queens.
The two Union issues were first
suggested by Robert Duffey, in a
letter to the SL. He asked that
they be put to an all-campus vote
this spring. His letter was referred
to the Union Board of Directors
upon their request, and the Board
decided not to ask for the referen-
da, stating that they had their
owh means for determining mem-
The question went back to the
SL again, where the Union deci-
sion was upheld.
The Student Legislature yes-
terday commended Federal Hous-
ing Expeditor Tighe Woods on
his decision not to remove rent
controls in Ann Arbor, and offered
its aid in control enforcement.
Leah Marks, '52, chairman of
SL's Housing Investigation Com-
mittee, said that as Woods has
rejected the local Rent Advisory
Board's recommendation that the
city be decontroled, the only thing
for the board to do is tighten con-
for many months-a set of pol
cies that finally brought h
abrupt discharge by order of $t
"For entertaining these vie'
all professionally designed to sv
port our forces committed to Koi
and to bring hostilities to' an e
with the least possible delay and
a saving of countless American a
Allied lives, I have been sever
criticized in lay circles, principa
abroad, despite my understand
that from a military standpoi
the above views have been fu
shared by practically every mi
tary leader concerned with i
Korean campaign, including a
own Joint Chiefs of Staff.".
* * *
THEN HE SAID he made cbi
his belief that Chinese Co~mn
airbases had to be destroyed, ti
"the friendly Chinese force of soi
600,000 men in Formosa" should
used, and that the Chinaco
should be blockaded.
Otherwise, he said, "we co
hope at best for only an inde
sive campaign with its terrib
and constant attrition upon e
forces if the enemy used his fu
MacArthur said he had cal:
for new political decisions to i
just policy to the fact of 1
China's entry into the war. "St
decisions," he said, "have not b
He said that the issues to
are "global"'and that Asia ranks
equal importance with Euro
"You cannot iippease or other'w
surrender to Communism in, A
without simultaneously under
ing our efforts to halt its adva
THEN, PAUSING briefly, he a
"I now turn to the Korean c
flict." A rustle of anticipation
through the House.
"While no man in his right mid
would advocate sending out grot
forces into Continental China,
such was never given thought,
new situation did urgently demu
a drastic revision of strategic pha
ning if our political aim was to
feat this new enemy as we had
feated the old one."
His voice took on a faint ed
of sarcasm when he said "the
are those whp would appea
Red China." le said appeas
me tawould only encourage fu
He then turned to the possi
ity of intervention by Soviet R
sia and expressed doubt that
AFTER HIS SPEECH, mem
of Congress saluted MaArthux
a masterpiece of eloquence.
Most Republicans said th
felt that the General had giv
the country a bright beacon
follow in its world-wide stru
gle with. Communism. Ma:
Democrats doubted the wisd
of some of his words. They sa
there weredgreat questions at
IN LONDON, Gen. MacArth
statement in his address to C
gress that his 'views on the :
East were shared by the Jc
Chiefs of Staff of the United Sti
were described as "startling"
"We stand under the imminent
threat of war which can be un-
leashed at the time and place of
choosing of other people."
Washtenaw county will have no
draft call for the month of May,
state Selective Service officials
In line with a nationwide cut-
back in inductions, the state quota
itself has been greatly reduced
from the anticipated call. Michi-
gan's May total, previously an-
nounced at 3,145, is now set at
State officials had previously in-
dicated that the county would get
no calls in May, Mayor William S.
Brown, Jr., chairman of the Wash-
tenaw Draft Board said.
"We may not get a call until the
last day in May, but we can prob-
ably expect a heavy Washtenaw
quota in June when college stu-
dents will be available for induc-
tion," he added.
* * *
Freed of Charges,
H-AI Tn In-in A rmtTo
Pollock Refutes RFC
By RON WATTS
Prof. James K. Pollock has de-
nied the charge of a Washington
columnist that he is responsible
in part for the present damaging
effect of the Reconstruction Fi-
Prof. Pollock, chairman of the
political science department and
'former member of the ' Hoover
Commission, had joined Secretary
of State Dean Acheson and James
H. Rowe, Jr., a former Roosevelt
aide, in delivering a dissenting
Committee that direct lending
by the Government 'opens up
dangerous possibilities of waste
and favoritism to individuals or
enterprises. It invites political
and private pressure, or even
But Prof. Pollock said yesterday,
"Our job on the Hoover Commis-
sion was not to investigate scan-
dalous gifts of fur coats or Cadil-
lacs in RFC affairs, it was to study
the organization of the agency."