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April 19, 1951 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1951-04-19

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MacARTHUR, CONGRESS
& THE PEOPLE
See Page 4

Jr

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D4,ali Il

'I

Latest Deadline in the State

MOSTLY CLOUDY, COOL

VOL. LXI, No. 134 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 19, 1951

EIGHT PAGES

Washington

Rejects

Local

Rent

Decontrol

Plan

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

* * *

Ann Arbor
Must Show
New Proof
Decision Based
On Housing Poll
Federal Housing Expeditor Tighe
Woods yesterday tossed Ann Ar-
bor's rent decontrol problem back
Sinto the lap of the county Rent
Advisory Board when he rejected
the board's recommendation that
the city's rent controls be re-
moved.
Woods announced that as far
as his office is concerned, the mat-
ter is closed, although he told the
local board that new evidence
could be submitted.
* * *
* HIS DECISION was based main-
ly on a Census Bureau survey
made here a year ago which show-
ed that only 203 vacant dwellings
existed out of a total of 111,975.
Woods said that such a percent-
age of vacancies did not appro-
priately substantiate the board's
request.
The board made its recom-
mendation March 26 in a sur-
prise move when it voted five to
three in favor of decontroL
A city-wide controversy over the
decision spread following a de-
layed announcement of the board's
action.
* * *
KARL KARSIAN, a minority'
member of the board, resigned his
post declaring that no real study
of the rent situation had been
made, and that the action was
taken in haste.
Karsian, who has rejoined the
board at the request of Woods,
said last night that he is grati-
fled at the decision, "which was
the only one possible under the
circumstances."
He noted that the problem may
come up again as soon as the
board meets, probably next week.
"Of course that is up to the
chairman of the board."
* . .
BOARD Chairman Wilson White
refused to comment on Woods'
action or the possibility of fur-
ther local action except to say
that the next step will be up to
the advisory group as a whole.
Another member of the board
said the matter is not closed. "It
is just back on a local basis." He
said that it is the duty of the board
to continue its investigations of
the rent situation. "The problem
must be thoroughly reexamined
and perhaps a public hearing
held."

MacArthur

Won't Seek

*

Ofice

I

Thousands
Cheer Entry
Into Capital
To Talk Today
Before Congress
By The Associated Press
After declaring yesterday in
San Francisco that he does not
intend to enter poiltics or seek
office, Gen. Douglas MacArthur
arrived 'in Washington early this
morning to receive a roaring wel-
come by thousands of Americans.
The deposed general made his
dramatic announcement in a
brief speech before 300,000 people
in downtown San Francisco.
Almost casually MacArthur
ended his speech saying "I have
no political aspirations whatso-
ever. I do not intend to run for
any political office and I hope
my name will never be used ip a
political way."
As MacArthur arrived at the
nation's capital to deliver his his-
tory-making address to Congress,
official Washington turned out to
greet him.
The Joint Chiefs of Staff and
highest ranking members of the
House and Senate were among the
thousands who milled about the
General's plane as he descended.
President Truman's military
aide, Maj. Gen. Harry Vaughan
snapped to a crisp salute as Mac-
Arthur left the plane. The de-
posed Far Eastern commander
smiled and greeted Vaughan.
MacArthur was also greeted by
Gen. Jonathan Wainwright, who
had fought with MacArthur in
the Philippines in World War II.
A black White House convert-
ible, flying a five star flag, arrived
to take the General and Mrs. Mac-
Arthur to a Washington hotel,
where they spent the night.
A crowd had already gathered
at the hotel in anticipation of the
general's arrival.
* * *

Long Illness Ends
With Quiet Death
Spine and Lung Surgery Cause
Complications Leading to Relapse
GRAND RAPIDS-(P)--Sen. Arthur H. Vandenberg died last
night in his sleep.
Death cameequietly to Michigan's Republican ;senior Senator at
9:40 p.m. (EST) after a long illness, 27 days following his 67th birth
day,
SENATOR VANDENBERG had been fighting tenaciously to regain
his health since surgery Oct. 3, 1949, for removal of the upper lobe

FLEXIBLE ROOM-Adjustable walls and ceiling in an experi-
mental classroom allow University scientists to test effects of
their new prismatic glass block daylighting system on different
sizes and shapes of rooms,
s* * *
New Window System
Devisedby Scientists

SENATOR ARTHUR H. VANDENBERG
Hwachon Hydro-Electric
Reservoir Taken by GI's

* *
Local Ment
mourn .Loss
Senator
Both local Republicans and
Democrats last night mourned the
death of Sen. Arthur Vandenberg
(R-Mich.) and paid tribute to the
foreign policy expert.
There were no party lines, as
officials issued brief eulogies in re-
spect to the deceased Senator.
* * *
PROF. JAMES K. POLLOCK,
chairman of the political science
department and a close friend of
the Senator, expressed great grief
when informed of Vandenberg's
death.
The political scientist, who
was appointed to the Hoov-
er Commission by Vandenberg,
said: "I mourn the death of Arr
thur Vandenberg as a friend,
and as one of our few great
statesmen. His passing is an ir-
reparable loss to the country and
so unfortunate at this critical
juncture in our country's af-
fairs." '
Owen (Pat) Cleary, State Re-
publican Chairman, was shocked
when informed of the senator's
death..
"I think it's a great tragedy,"
he commented. "Vandenberg was
unquestionably one of the coun-
try's greatest statesmen and cer-
tainly one of the greatest men
Michigan has ever produced."
Speaking with staccato em-
phasis, Cleary said that Vanden-
berg's death will be mourned not
only by the people of Michigan
but by the entire nation.
* * *
AS FAR AS NAMING a succes-
sor goes, four men reportedly stand
out in Gov. G. Mennen Williams'
mind.
They are former Attorney
General Stephen Roth, former
U.S. Senator Prentiss M. Brown,
Prof. John P .Dawson of the
Law School, and Noel P. Fox,
Chairman of the State Labor
Mediations Board.
Party pressure on Williams for
a decision has been heavy since
the senator's health began to fail,
but the governor's intimates say
he probably will give no clue to
his intentions until after the fun-
eral.

By FLOYD THOMAS
A window system which controls
glare and distributes daylight
evenly through a room was reveal-
ed yesterday by scientists of the
University's Engineering Research
Institute.
The economical and eye-easing
use of prismatic glass blocks was
developed in the Institute's labora-
tory on the roof of the East Engi-
neering Building. Directed by Prof.
Robert Boyd, of the engineering
college, the ten-year research pro-
ject was sponsored by an Illinois
glass company.
* * *
THE PERFECTIONof the hol-
low glass block containing prisms,
which deflect sunlight at a reflect-
ing ceiling attracted attention of

CALLS CRITICS CONFUSED:
*Prof. Kelly .Defends
Draft Deferment Plan
Confusion and misunderstanding were cited by Prof. E. Lowell
Kelly, of the psychology gepartment, as the chief causes of the
current wave of criticism directed at the college deferment plan.
Prof. Kelly, a member of one of the advisory committees that
helped draw up the plan, labelled the critics' arguments unsound
and unqualified.
TOO MANY PEOPLE, he said, overlook the fact that Selective
Service has to do more than provide sufficient men for the armed
services. The same law that,"

newspapers and magazines across
the nation.
Forms of the window plan are
in use in about half the schools
built in recent years and its
employment is specified in hun-
dreds more now under construc-
tion or in the planning stage.
Besides providing better and
cheaper lighting, institute experts
claim the plan will save on fuel
facilities and consumption. Though
the system must be adapted to in-
dividual circumstances, the way it
works is exemplified in the labo'a-
tory's test room.
* * *
THE ROOM NOT only utilizes
the new glass-block lighting, but
also has movable walls and an ad-
justable ceiling to test the effects
of the system on different sizes
and shapes of rooms.
The room, in the form of a
modern classroom, has two walls
painted light green to within a
few feet of the ceiling. The tops
of the walls and the ceiling are
painted white.,
The other two walls are the
sources of daylight. Above a waist-
high wall is a narrow strip of clear
glass windows with Venetian
blinds. These windows are only for
ventilation and looking outside.
A HUGE PANEL OF glass bricks,
running the whole length of the
walls and from the top of the
windows up to the ceiling, provides
the real source of light.
These glass bricks are the
vital part of the system. The
sunlight enters the hollow glass

Congressional Leaders Praise
MacArthur 'No Politics' Move

TOKYO-(R)-Advancinjg Allied
troops captured the big Hwachon
hydro-electric reservoir in Red
North Korea yesterday after its
abandonment by withdrawing
Communist forces-
The Chinese Reds had loosed
some of the reservoir waters a
week ago in a futile effort to
swamp the Allied advance north-
ward.

EIGHT of the dam's 18 sluice
gates were found open but an
American Army officer said after
an inspection that the water re-
lease machinery appeared to be
in a non-workable condition.
This may explain why the
Chinese water defense weapon
had little or no delaying effect
on allied progress. They failed
to produce much of a flood.
An Allied patrol entered the
formerly heavily defended town of
Hwachon yesterday without a
fight-
The entry was reported today
by U.S. Eighth Army Headquar-
ters. Field dispatches said Com-
munist forces.continued withdraw-
als ahead of U.S. tank forces.
Seven miles north of the 38th
parallel, Hwachon is the eastern
base of the Hwachon-Chorwon-
Kumhwa triangle where the Reds
recently had been massing troops
withsreported big offensive inten-
tions.
But, on the western front,
allied troops now are advancing
toward Chorwon, the triangle's
western base 18 miles inside North
Korea. Bold patrols also were
stabbing close to Kumhwa, apex
of the triangle.

By The Associated Press .
While Gen. Douglas MacArthur
was winging his way towards
Washington yesterday, Republi-
cans and Democrats joined in
praising him for his announce-
ment .that he does not intend to
enter politics.
Most congressional leaders in-
dicated they were not surprised atl
the general's announcement and
asserted that it should put a stop
to hatchetmen sniping at Gen.
MacArthur's political ambitions.
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-The Army yes-
terday slashed its May draft call
from 60,000 to 40,000 men.
BAY CITY-The Bay Countyl
draft board announced that it will
not defer college students under
the recently announced federal de-
ferment plan.

MEANWHILE, comment on the
U.S. foreign policy debate stirred
up by the MacArthur removal was
extensive yesterday.
Sen. Robert Taft (R-Ohio)
told the annual congress of the
Daughters of the American Rev-
olution that the United States
should u.e "all our friends, such
as the Chinese Nationalists" to
win the war against the Chi-
nese Communists.
He also said that this country
"should not hesitate to bomb
"Communist military centers if
that becomes necessary to win
the Korean war.
Half way across the world,
Pravda, official news organ of the
Communist Party, told its read-
ers that President Truman's ouster
of Gen. MacArthur had - not in-
creased the chances of peace in
Korea. Pravda's interpretation
of MacArthur's dismissal was that
he was fired for failing to bring
off the seizure of all Korea and
also the invasion of the Chinese
mainland.

of his left lung. The operation
was performed at University Hos-
pital.
He recovered and returned
briefly to his Senate duties. In
April of 1950, he underwent a
seond major operation at
Washington's Georgetown Hos-
pital for removal of a tumor
from his spine.
In an official statement, his
physician, Dr. A. B. Smith, an-
nounced that death resulted from
complications of a long illness
following surgery
* ** *
RETURNING TO Grand Rapids
for convalescence, the Senator
suffered a relapse last November.
After six weeks in a local hospital
he confidently reported plans for
a return to Washington in Janue
ary,
But a second relapse Feb. 27 -
from which he failed to rally
weakened him and his condition
became hopeless.
At his bedside when death came.
were his three children, Arthur H.
Vandenberg, Jr., Mrs. John Bailey,
and Mrs. Elizabeth Pfeiffer in ad:'
dition to his doctor,
The Senator's wife, Mrs. Hazel
Vandenberg, died last June in
Washington.
* *
IN A STATEMENT, the Sena-
tor's son, Arthur H. Vandenberg,
Jr,, disclosed for the first time
that nearly a year elapsed after a
tumor was discovered in Van-'
denberg's left lung before it was
removed by surgery.
The delay was against the ad-
vise of doctors, the son said, but
the Senator insisted on seeing
the North Atlantic Treaty and
the Inter-American T r e a t y
through Congress "without re-
gard to his personal welfare,"
It also was disclosed for the -
first time that Vandenberg had
been under treatment for a minor
heart ailment for the last 25 years.
THE SENATOR-TO-BE was
born in Grand Rapids on March
22 1884, of Anglo-Dutch-Saxon
ancestry.
Sandwiching his schooling TZe-
tween jobs, he finished high school
and started to take a law degree
at the University of Michigan.
But his health failed and he came
home.
VANDENBERG'S CAREER re-
ally got started when he took a
job as a city hall reporter for the
Grand Rapids Herald. He rose
quickly-so quickly that he be-
came managing editor at the age
of 22.
Later his boss, William Alden
Smith, helped young Vanden-
berg acquire part ownership of
the paper and made him pub-
lisher, I
During these years Vandenberg
achieved his first fame-as a
writer of trenchant editorials. He
began to have a potent voice in
midwest Republican affairs.
* * *
IN 1928 Michigan's Governor
Fred Green appointed Vandenberg
to a seat in the U.S. Senate left
vacant by the death of Woodbridge
N. Ferris He was elected the

NEW MEETING CALLED:
Filibuster in SL Meeting
Halts Vote on Referenda

authorized the draft also called
for utilization of the nation's tech-
nological, scientific and other crit-
ical manpower resources.
,,,nf 4A. 1_ +6r* ... _ tt__ L

the flow of technical and profes-
sional manpower, he said.
Prof. Kelly pointed out that
college students deferred under

A pint-sized filibuster sent last
night's Student Legislature meet-
ing over the , 10:20 deadline,
thr ,.atoni',,. theona_ Cao nno Cvn,.1

fore the end of last night's meet-
ing.
Earlier, it was decided to go

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