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April 17, 1951 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1951-04-17

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MacARTHUR
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CLOUDY AND COLD

Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LXI, No. 132 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 1951

SIX PAGES

UN Forces Knife
Through Smoke
Screen in Korea
By The Associated Press
The United Nations drive into North Korea stalked forward
yesterday on the heels of bitterly resisting Communist rear guards.
Rigid new censorship regulations ordered by the new supreme
Allied commander, Lt. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, forbade all refer-
ences to the size and location of Chinese and North Korean Reds.
THE REDS, however, continued their slow retreat. For the third
straight day the Communists burned smudge pots and set forests
ablaze to screen their positions from devastating Allied air and artil-
lery attacks.
It was the same device the Chinese used last November to
hide their dispositions before slamming into UN forces in north-
west Korea.
Chinese and North Koreans lost two key towns and some valuable
- ground on the east central front

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Hill Turns
Up; Freed of
Draft Charge
By CHUCK ELLIOTT
Dave Hill, 19-year-old University
halfback who disappeared in Jan-
uary following failure to make the
Rose Bowl squad, turned up Sun-
day and was jailed, tried and freed
yesterday on charges of draft
evasion.
Hill called his mother from Tor-
onto on Sunday morning, saying
that he would be home that eve-
ning. A friend had located him and
told him that FBI officials were
hunting him.
* * *
AFTER BEING taken into cus-
tody yesterday morning, officers
brought him before U.S. District
Judge Frank A. Picard in Detroit
for trial. The judge waived charges,
saying that Hill was obviously not
a draft dodger, because he had not
received any of the three orders
sent to him to report for pre-
induction exams.
Hill promised to report for in-
duction today. "I didn't mean to
dodge the draft," he explained.
"I didn't even think of the draft.
I got counted out of the Rose
Bowl squad and was unhappy."
Friends had hypothesized that
this was the reason for his disap-
pearance Jan. 3. He had gone to
Montreal to visit Richard Lord, an
MSC hockey player friend, and had
not returned to his Ypsilanti home.
* * *
HILL'S MOTHER, Mrs. S. J.
Elder Hill, said yesterday that he
had gotten very homesick and
tired of bumming around Toronto.
He had ended up there after run-
ning out of money by Jan. 18. Odd
jobs earned him enough money to
continue eating, he asserted.
Mrs. Hill reported that her
son looked to be in better shape
than when he left, "perhaps be-
cause he didn't have to worry
about studies."
The FBI had been called into the
search on March 22, when Hill
failed to report for a third pre-
induction physical notice.
Wor d News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
ATHENS, Greece-Nearly com-
plete returns from Greece's first
municipal elections in 17 years
showed yesterday that right-wing
and liberal coalition candidates
scored crushing victories over
Communist and left-wing op-
ponents in nearly, all major towns
and cities.
WASHINGTON-The United
States gave Yugoslavia a new
$29,000,000 grant yesterday to
help Marshal Tito's Communist
regime stand up against Soviet
bloc pressure,
* * *
WASHINGTON - S e n a t o r
Mundt (R-SD) said yesterday a
move to organize Southern Dero-
crats and Republicans interested
in a realignment of political par-
ties will be made late next week.
TOKYO-John Foster Dulles
told the Japanese today that
both major American political
parties were behind the drive

in a two-day fight that endec
yesterday.
Yanggu, six miles north of the
38th parallel and at the easterr
tip of the strategic Hwachon Res-
ervoir, fell first to Allied tanks
and infantry. Then Red units
yielded Yachon, on a paralle
road three miles northeast of bat-
tered Yanggu.
The capture of Yanggu elim-
inated the last Communist pock-
et on the south shores of the
Hwachon Reservoir. It ripped
up the eastern anchor point for
Red lines which had used the
11-mile long lake as a formid-
able water obstacle against the
Allies.
Yanggu was the key to a major
Communist buildup area in thi
sector which now has been elim-
inated.
* * *
AT LAKE SUCCESS North Kor-
ean officials, boasting that the
Communists are sure to win, once
again demanded yesterday that
the United Nations get out o
Korea.
In identical cables to Nasrol-
lah Entezam of Iran, president
of the General Assembly, and to
Holland's Daniel von Ballusek,
president of the Security Coun-
cil, it also demanded that the
UN punish what it called "mon-
trous American atrocities."
It made no mention of the
presence of Chinese Communist
troops in Korea.
Iran Charges
Britain, U.S.
With Meddling
By The Associated Press
Iran charged Britain and the
United States last night with med-
dling in her internal affairs.
An official statement issued by
the Iranian ambassador in London,
at the same time, assured Britain
that Iran has no intention of giv-
ing her oil to any other country nor
of depriving Britain of its use.
* * * ,
THE AMBASSADOR, Ali Sohei-
ly, said he was issuing his state-
ment with the approval of his gov-
-ernment to correct " a spate of in-
accurate and tendentious reports
in certain sections of the British
press."
One of the five points he made
was that "the 'exploratory' -oil
talks between British and Ameri-
can representatives in Washing-
ton cannot have any validity for
Persia (Iran) and are consid-
ered by the Persians to be in-
terference in their affairs."
Soheily said Iran "has not 'by
any standards received a fair and
reasonable share of her vast oil
resources."
THE STATEMENT was especial-
ly bitter about reports that Com-
munists had provoked the move-
ment in Iran to.nationalize the oil
industry.
"To ascribe to Communist
intrigue and agitation the na-
tionalist movement in Persia is
blinking at hard facts and trying
to find scapegoats for a purely
nationalistic sequence of social
evolution," it declared.
Meanwhile Brig. Gen. Azizollah
Kamal, military governor of Iran's
southern oil fields, said striking
apprentices agreed yesterday to re-
turn to work at the big .refinery
city of Abadan.
They had been the spearhead of
widespread strikes and rioting
which last week took the lives of

-AP News Photo
REFUGEES-A family on the banks of the upper Mississippi River begins to evacuate all of its be-
longings-including its livestock-as floodwaters began seeping through flood walls and levees. Whole
communities were bracing themselves this week from the river's rising waters. A 22.5 feet stage is
expected by May 1, eight and one-half feet over flood stage.
House AtinSatUnderges First
erils uure Fake A tmllOic Bobing

OfDraft Plan
While a steady stream of Uni-
versity students picked up applica-
tions for the college deferment test
yesterday at the Ann Arbor draft
board, their newly acquired privi-
lege was facing possible revocation
in Washington.
Friday, the House of Representa-
tives passed its version of the Uni-
versal Military Service and Train-
ing Bill. It contained a provision
that would end the blanket defer-
ment given to college students who
are in the upper portions of their
classes or who have passed the
College Qualification Test with a
score of 70 or higher.
ACCORDING TO the House ver-
sion of the bill, local draft boardsj
would be given the final say on
whether to defer individual col-
lege students regardless of Presi-
dential directives.
However, when the Senate
passed its version of the bill last
month the college deferment
program had not yet been an-
nounced.
The differences between the two
versions will be ironed out in a
Senate-House conference this
week. If they agree on abolishing
the student deferment plan it will
be up to the President to either
veto the entire bill or let it become
law.
MEANWHILE present college
students under the age of 26 are,
eligible to take the deferment
exam
Application cards for the test
may be obtained from the local
draft board at 208 W. Washing-
ton St. or from the University
Armed Services Information
Center in Rm. 505 Administra-
tion Bldg.
All applicants must call in per-
son for their card and only one
form will be issued to a person.
Unless congressional action up-
sets the present plans the exam
will be given at the University and
at more than 1000 other testing
centers throughout the country on
May 26, June 16, and June 30.

SAULT STE. MARIE-P--This
strategic city became a make-be-
lieve rubble yesterday, victim of
one of thebnation's first mock
atomic bombings.
It was a serious and realistic
test. But Michigan's civilian de-
fence officials and Governor U.
Mennen Williams inspected the
area with evident pleasure-
THEY SAID the experiment
was "most heartening," although
it showed up some minor flaws inI
preparedness.
"It was an inspiration," said
Mayor William L. Freeman of
Local Defense
MObilzed in
Mock. Attack
Washtenaw County's defense or-
ganization yesterday took part in
the statewide mock atomic attack.
mobilizing its resources on paper
for the alert.
Most of the work had been com-
pleted last week. Otto K. Engelke,
Washtenaw County Civil Defense
Director sent Detroit authorities
estimates of how many Detroit sur-
vivors the county could aqcommo-
date and how much equipment
would be available for use in the
bombed area.
ONLY THE Civil Air Patrol and
amateur radio operators in the
county took an active part in the
mock raid.
Dr. Engelke reported that
Washtenaw County could feed
approximately 10,000 refugees
from Detroit for a short time.
He said that food supplies from
Detroit would probably be sharply
curtailed by a genuine atomic raid
and he urged Ann Arbor residents
to lay in enough non-perishable
food to feed themselves and pos-
sible survivors for two weeks.
Besides providing food, shelter
and treatment for survivors, the
county plans to send equipment to
the stricken areas in the event of
an atomic raid.

the Sault, "to see the help
streaming in from other cities.
It let the people of the Sault
know we'll get help in time of
emergency."
Much of the mock raid went off
with precision. It was announced
at 6 a.m. (EST) with the roar of
six jet fighters from the 10th Ar
Force at Selfridge Air Force Base.
** *
AS THE FIGHTERS wheeled
through the cloudy sky, a huge
siren shrieked the alarm for
Sault Ste. Marie's 18,000 residents.
Almost immediately the care-
fully laid Civil Defense plans
began to function.
And from then until 10:15 a.m.,
when a second "all clear" sound-
ed, help poured into the city from
many parts of northern Michigan.
ON PAPER, the vital Sault
Locks, labelled as one of America's
top possible targets for a real A-
Bomb, were put out of commis-
sion. Actually, however, ships
continued to move through with-
out interruption.,
Radio station WSOO stayed
on the air telling the people it
was all in practice. Many peo-
ple had taken realistically to
their bomb cellars and wouldn't
come out.
Detroit had its own mock bomb-
ing yesterday. This, however, was
a purely paper operation,
Two Students Die
In. Auto Accidents
Two University students met
death in automobile accidents dur-
ing Spring vacation .
Ruth Ann Richmond, '54SM, 18
years old, was killed in a high-
way collision on April 11 at Sor-
rento, La. She was a native of
St. Joseph, Mich.
Earlier in the week, on April 9,
Walter J. Alexander, Grad., was
killed and his wife Marguerite, 57
years old, seriously injured when
their auto collided with a semi-
trailer on a highway outside Ann
Arbor.

General Gets
Big Welcome
In Honolulu
San Francisco
Prepares Parade
tumultuous welcome home for
General MacArthur began yester-
day at this starting point of war
in the Pacific.
The five-star general, on his way
to defend before Congress the
views that got him fired by Presi-
dnt Truman, entered Honolulu af-
t r a triumphal parade from Pearl
Harbor-scene of the sneak attack
by Japan Dec. 7, 1941.
* -* *
HE ACCEPTED the cheers of
crowds lining a seven-mile tour
into Honolulu.
He placed a wreath in a na-
tional cemetery in honor of
13,000 men who died during the
victorious campaign MacArthur
commanded - from Bataan to
Tokyo.
And he received an honorary de-
gree from the University of Hawaii.
* * *
IT WAS the first of the parades,
honors and ceremonies awaiting
him when he sets foot tonight on
the continental United States for
the first time since 1937.
Hawaii's welcome was staged
more than 12 hours after he ar-
rived by plane from Tokyo where
he got a sendoff ovation from
the Japanese and the Allied
forces.
Today he will fly on to San
Francisco, returning to an Ameri-
can mainland he hasn't seen in
14 years; there he is to be publicly
acclaimed tomorrow.
Then he. will proceed to Wash-
ington to address a joint meeting
of Congress at 12:30 p.m. Thurs-
day.
THE SAN FRANCISCO program
calls for a formal airport recep-
tion, a parade into the city and
greetings at (he San Francisco
City Hall.
Washington plans a virtual
half-holiday Thursday. Govern-'
ment employes get time off to
attend a parade in his honor.
Baltimore will hold a mass
demonstration with songs and
hymns when MacArthur hits the
West Coast.
Voters T'o Get
Aid inBooklet
Two thousand "Know Your
Candidates" booklets will be dis-
tributed on campus today as aids
for voters in next week's all-cam-
pus elections.
The booklet contains informa-
tion and statements by candidates
for the Student Legislature, Board
in Control of Intercollegiate Ath-
letics, engineering and literary
college officers, Union vice-presi-
dents and J-Hop Committee.
Also in the booklet is the revised
Student Government Constitution
which requires student ratification
before it goes into effect.
The Association of Independent
Men, the Inter-Fraternity Council
and the Pan-Hellenic Society will
cooperate with the SL in distribu-
ting the brochure. Elections will
be held on April 24 and 25.

HEADS HOME - Gen. Mac-
Arthur returns a salute at Tokyo
airport before leaving Japan.
Dismissal
Upheld by1'
GU' Experts

I MmT

Three
experts

By CAL SAMRA
University FardEastern
agreed yesterday that!

President Truman was justified in
his dismissal of General Douglas
MacArthur on grounds of "insub-
ordination."i
Adding their voices to one of
the most acrimonious debates in
the history of the country were
Prof. Russell Fifield of the politi-
cal scence department, P r o f,
Frank Huntley of the English de-
partment, and Robert Ward, as-
sistant director of the Center of
Japanese Studies,
* * * -
PROF. FIFIELD, who several
months ago visited Generalissimo
Chiang Kai-shek on Formosa, said
pointedly, "I think the President,
under the present conditions, did
the right thing,
"Truman really had no other
alternative," he explained, "And
I say that in spite of the fact
that I have disagreed with him
on many other points of policy,"
The Orient specialist empha-
sized that the United States
should do everything possible to
keep out of war with China-a
policy which, he admitted was be-
ing followed by the Truman ad-
ministration.
Commenting on the violent pub-
lic reaction to the ouster, Prof.
Fifield believed that eventually-
after some reflection-the Ameri-
can public would rally behind
Truman.
PROF, HUNTLEY, who resided
in China for 17 years and in Ja-
pan for six years, was also "fully
behind the Administration" in the
rift. "This is not a question of
personalities," he elaborated.
"MacArthur is undoubtedly a
great military general."
But, he added, it is of prime
necessity that we keep our allies
and support the policies of the
UN.
Ward, who in March, 1950
was among several University
educators meeting with Mac-
Arthur, said, "I'm in favor of
MacArthur's dismissal because
he deliberately provoked the is-
sue of the civilian over the mili-
tary."
On the other hand, he contin-
ued, his removal should have
been effected more gracefully, "It
would have been wiser to have
waited a few more months. Mac-
Arthur may have resigned on his
own accord."
TWO OTHER University edu-

Talk
Country Will
Hear Speech
On Radio,TV
GOP.Demands
Review of Policy
WASHINGTON -()- Congress
whipped through formal arrange-
ments yesterday for Gen. Douglas
MacArthur to tell his story to a
joint meeting-and by radio and
television to the. nation-shortly
after 12:30 p.m. Thursday.
And Senate Republicans, voic-
ing delight at the prospect of
hearing MacArthur, called unani-
mously for an all-out Congres-
sional investigation of the Truman
Administration's foreign and mili-
tary policies.
* * *
GOP OBJECTIONS to the Tru-
man program mounted to a roar
of protest with the President's dis-
missal of MacArthur last week,
and the deposedegeneral's flight to
Washington (he's due here early
Thursday) fanned the flames of
controversy to a new peak.
Thirty-three Senate Republi-
cans agreed at a closed meet-
ing to back the proposed inves-
tigation of Truman policies all
over the world "in the light of
General MacArthur's dismissal."
Backers of the movement said
they had a two-house inquiry in
mind.
The White House announced
that Truman,4 has assigned his
military aide, Maj. Gen. Harry H.
Vaughan, to meet MacArthur at
National Airport. It looked as if
the President would not see Mac-
Arthur unless the General asked
for an appointment, and the
White House said he hasn't asked
for one yet.
PLANS WERE also rushed for
a big civic reception at the Wash-
ington Monument. MacArthur
messaged the Committee that he
would be "proud and happy" to
take part.
MacArthur also wired that he
would be willing to testify be-
fore the Senate Armed Services
Committee some time after his
appearance at the joint ses-
sion. The House Armed Ser-
vices Committee promptly voted
to ask the General to appear
before it as well.
In addition, Rep. Adair (R-Ind)
introduced a resolution calling for
the dismissal of Dean -Acheson as
Secretary of State. And Rep. Bake
well (R-Mo.) offered one to give
MacArthur a special medal. Rep.
Crumpacker (R-Ind.) introduced
a resolution for the removal of
both Acheson and Secretary of
Defense Marshall. The resolutions.
were referred to committees with
no early action in prospect.
'U' Professor
Gets Award
Prof. Richard Musgrave of the
economics department has been
awarded a research fellowship
from the Guggenheim Memorial
Foundation in New York.

According to Guggenheim offi-
cials, he will conduct studies on the
theory of public finance.
Prof. Musgrave returned Sunday
night from Germany, where he
made preliminary arrangements
during Spring vacation for a fiscal
mission to be conducted there this
summer.
As co-chairman of a six-man
group, he will study the tax struc-
ture of the West German state and
make recommendations following'
the three months period.
'U' Asks Report
Of New Car Tags

i

ORIGINAL REQUEST ALREADY CUT:
State Committees Discuss

'U' Budget

4>---

i

By RON WATTS
LANSING-The fate of the Uni-
versity budget request, which has
been in the grips of Gov. G. Men-

the Legislature. The budget re-
quest is now before committees of
both houses for preliminary con-
sideration.

without much protest. "But an in-
stitution like the University with
its own accounting system is much
harder to pin down on budget

function on a smaller budget.
However, Sen. Hutchinson, who
is a graduate of the University,
said that he was sympathetic

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