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March 22, 1951 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1951-03-22

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'Yl r e

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ARTS FESTIVAL
See Page 4

PARTLY CLOUDY, WARMER

Latest Deadline in the State
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, MARCH 22, 1951

VOL. LXI, No. 118

EIGHT PAGES

UN Troops

Set

To

Cross

38th,

Upon

Labor Heads
Unite Against
Mobilization
Group Demands
Revision of Policy
WASHINGTON - () - Econo-
mic Stabilizer Eric Johnston, be-
set by a mounting storm of labor
criticism, yesterday sought means
to'bring peacetinto the troubled
mobilization setup.
Labor chieftains turned their
guns on the program at a rally
sponsored by the united labor
policy committee, airing demands
for a thorough shake-up.
LATE IN THE day, manage-
4ment informants said Johnston
had called a labor-management
meeting today in a move to re-
store harmony.
Johnston returned yesterday
from a flying trip to confer with
President Truman at Key West,
Fla.
Management officials said they
are convinced the government will
act soon-within a week, one in-
formant predicted confidently-
in an effort to settle the dispute.
Last month labor union chiefs
walked out in protest against what
they termed "big business" domi-
nation of the mobilization pi-
ture.
* *
THE IMMEDIATE objective is
to patch up a truce as the first
step toward creation of a new
wage stabilization board, presum-
ably with dispute-settling powers,
to replace' the old nine-man
board.
Meanwhile, big union leaders
joined in lambasting the mo-
bilization program, with such
unity that talk arose of a pos-
sible end to the great AFL-CIO
split which started 15 years ago.
The program up to now, said
Walter P. Reuther, head of the
CIO-United Auto Workers, has
been put together with "shoe-
string, baling wire, and old chew-
ing gum." George Meany, AFL
secretary-treasurer, called for an
entire new price control set up.
Union Opera
Cast To Give
Extra Show
Faced with a near sell-out for
the next week's night perform-
ances of the Union Opera "Go
West - Madam," Opera officials
yesterday scheduled a special aft-
ernoon matinee performance for
March 30.
Tickets for the matinee will go
on sale today in the Union lobby,
with prices set at $1.80 and $1.20.
In addition, a limited number of
$2.40 seats are still available for
the March 28 and 29 evening show-
ings.
The Union ticket office will be
open at the following times: 1:30
to 5 p.m. today, 5 to 7:30 p.m. to-
morrow, 1:30 to 4:30 p.m. Satur-
day, 1:30 to 5 p.m. Monday and 5
to 7:30 p.m. Tuesday.
Evening performances will open
at 8:15 p.m. March 28, 29 and 30
in the Michigan Theatre, while
the matinee will start at 3:15 p.m.
The matinee has increased the
need for ushers, according to Op-
era staffman Mark Sandground,
'52. He said 15 men are needed

for the afternoon performance,
while the Wednesday and Thurs-
day night shows are still short 10
ushers each.
Sandground asked interested
men to contact him at the Opera
office in the Union. '
IFC Declnesj
To Campaign
The Interfraternity Council last<
night refused to follow the exam-
ple of the Association of Independ-1

Sports Policies
At 'U'Defended
Crisler Says Michigan Athletes Not
PrivilegedClass, Not 'Subsidized'
By JOE EPSTEIN and CAL SAMRA
Michigan's athletes aren't a privileged class, but are subject to
the same treatment and restrictions as the rest of the student body,
according to Prof. H. 0. (Fritz) Crisler, Director of Physical Education
and Athletics.
A recent New York Times survey on "semi-professional" athletics
at 40 colleges, now running in the Detroit Free Press, reported ath-
letes commonly got subsidies ranging from outright athletic scholar-
ships to grants from local businessmen and alumni.
* * * *
CRISLER, however, denied yesterday any such practices exist at
the University. His defense of the University's relation to its athletes
follows:
Two Horace Rackham scholarships are awarded annually on
the basis of grades, character, citizenship, leadership, and physi-
cal achievements. Each scholarship carries with it a $500 grant,
and a B'average must be maintained.
The first Rackham scholarship was awarded to a third string
varsity center several years ago. Subsequent scholarships have not
always been held by varsity athletes.
* * * *
EACH HIGH SCHOOL in the State, he continued, is awarded a
Regents-Alumni Scholarship every year. These are given on a co-
petitive basis and provide only tuition expenses. "Naturally, some
athletes have held these," he said, "but it takes a 2.5 average to hang
on to them."
Moreover, there are 100 additional Regents-Alumni scholarships
for other qualified students in Michigan. These are also on a com-
petitive academic basis.
Various alumni clubs throughout the country also grant
scholarships to deserving students from their regions. None of
these scholarships depend upon athletic ability.
The University annually grants 1,556 scholarships, having an
approximate total value of $246,467. Ninety four athletes are among
the scholarship holders. The total value of all scholarships held by
athletes is $20,575.
Many athletes, like other students, hold part-time jobs both
on and off the campus. These jobs range from dishwashing to
lab assisting. According to Crisler, in many cases athletes work
only for their board. Salaries of these athletes range from $75
to $400 a semester.
The University, at present, has loaned 11 athletes from $75 to
$200, a service extended to any other student upon request through
an extensive system of student loans.
"The only courtesy extended exclusively to football players,"
Crisler said, "is a small number of tickets to games." Team members
in the past received two tickets in their first year on the squad, four
in their second, and six when they were seniors, Crisler said.
A TIMES' SPOT check of the academic records of 48 football and
23 basketball players at Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, and North
Carolina Universities, revealed an over-all academic average of 2.2.
Of these 71 athletes, 30 were majoring in physical education.
In contrast, the averages of the Michigan football teams in
the past few years, Crisler pointed out, have been consistently
above the University average: 2.46 in 1947, 2.50 in 1948, and 2.75
in 1949. The 1950 average has not yet been compiled.
Crisler also revealed that ,physical education majors have not
been in the majority on Michigan's football squads. Only nine out
of 73 members of the 1950 squad are majoring in physical education.
The vast majority are enrolled in the literary and engineering colleges.
* * * *
THE TIMES' survey admitted that "Michigan maintains a rela-
tively high academic standard" but charged that "a boy with athletic
ability is regarded as a greater asset to the University than a non-
athlete."
Prof. Algo Henderson, of the University education school,
said yesterday that he had found no evidence of abusive practice
here. He lauded the University for maintaining a balance be-
tween athletics and education.
"Many colleges, however, are more or less buying players," he
admitted. "This is going to extremes and is probably establishing
false values, lowering academic standards, and cheapening the college
degree."
PROPOSED PEACE TREATY:
Ward, Says Economic

Chaos Possible in Japan

Senate Sets
Vote Date on
TroopsIssue
Say Allies Agree
On Parallel Plan
WASHINGTON-()-The Sen-
ate agreed last night to vote on its
controversial troops - for - Europe
resolutions on April 12.
In their present form, the two
resolutions approve President Tru-
man's plan to send four more di-
visions of American ground troops
into the North Atlantic defense
force.
They also seek to establish a
principle that Congress should ap-
prove all future assignments of
American forces to the interna-
tional army being organized in
Western Europe under General
Dwight D. Eisenhower.
* * *
BUT WHAT Congress finally
decides to do on the troops-for-
Europe issue may depend to a
great extent upon Allied policy in
regard to crossing the 38th Paral-
lel.
Britain, France, Canada and the
other nations fighting with the
United States in Korea, meanwhile
are reported to have agreed on
policy for the next stage of the
struggle revolving around the 38th
Parallel.
Diplomats said some public
statement can be expected short-
ly in Britain and possibly also
in this country.
Secretary of State Acheson told
a news conference yesterday that
there is no question about Gen.
Douglas MacArthur's authority to
send United Nations troops across
the Parallel. But Acheson said the
whole subject,is one on which the
United States wants a meeting of
minds with its allies.
ACHESON YESTERDAY also
appealed for friendship from the
Soviet bloc peoples, but advised
them that while Americans "covet
peace, we will not sell our souls for
it."
"The peace we seek, is not
simply the absence of war but a
sound and free collaboration
among nations in a pattern of
responsibility based on mutual
respect," he said.
Acheson's statement was in let-
ters to Senate and House Foreign
Affairs Committee chairmen ex-
tending strong Administration sup-
port to a resolution reaffirming
American friendship for all other
peoples.
World Newus
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Russia told
the United States flatly yesterday
that it "refuses to consider" re-
turning 670 American vessels ob-
tained under lend-lease during
World War II.
BUENOS AIRES-The Argen-
tine congressional committee
which has seized the newspaper
La Prensa last night ordered its
editor and publisher, Alberto
Gainza Paz, jailed for 15 days
for contempt of .congress be-
cause he said the seizure vio-
lated Argentina's constitution.
Meanwhile, in Santiago, Chile,
the local journalists' associa-
tion has petitioned the UN Eco-
nomic and Social Council, in

session there, to make an imme-
diate inquiry.
* * *
WASHINGTON - Actor Larry
Parks told the House Un-Ameri-
can Activites Committee yesterday'
that he had joined the Commun-
ist Party about 10 years ago, but
that he left it in 1945 when he
lost interest.
* * *
WASHINGTON - Frederick
Vanderbilt Field, a New York
millionaire whose name has
been linked with Communism,
won an acquittal yesterday on
a nfl famnf; oa? rn cmah l o ra

TV Lure
STRATFORD, Conn. - (A)-
A high school instructor has
solved the problem of how to
lure students to classes.
He had a television set in-
stalled so students could watch
proceedings of the Senate com-
mittee probing crime politics in
New York.
Attendance has been letter
perfect, the instructor report-
ed, but now the problem is to
get students to leave the class-
room when the period ends.
Pre-Korean
A rmyS ize
Is Doubled
WASHINGTON-(MP)-Presiden
Truman told the world yesterday
the United States now can strik
against any new aggression with
twice as much strength as it had
when the Communist camp gam
ble don the South Korean inva
sion.
An exchange of telegrams be
tween the chief executive, at hi
Key West, Fla., little White House
and Defense Secretary Marshal
showed the total manpowe
strength of the armed forces ha
mounted from 1,458,000 nin
months ago to more than 2,900,00
now.

rd ei
Rail Center
Of Chuncho
FallsEasily
Enemy Retreat
On Two Fronts
TOKYO-(P)-Advancing U
ed Nations forces today were
close to the 38th parallel that t
could cross into North Korea
time they received the order.
The Allies were only eight mn
south of the old, artificial bor
at Red-abandoned Chunchon.
bulk of the Chinese Reds, quitt
Chunchon without a fight, alre
had pulled back to or beyond
parallel.

NORTHBOUND DETOUR-A light tank in Korea is temporarily
stopped as it attemp*S to ford a swollen stream on the central
front. The vehicle formed part of a reconnaisance task force
moving into Chunchon which UN forces took yesterday.
Senate Crime Probers
Hear O'Dwyer's Case

t
y
e
h
1d
s
e,
sll
r
s
e
0

NEW YORK-(P)-Senate crime
probers were told yesterday that
ex-Mayor William O'Dwyer took
$10,000 in cash from the head of
a firemen's union for his 1949
campaign.
O'Dwyer swore under oath only
Tuesday that he never took any
contribution in 1949 from John P.
Crane, president of the Uniformed
Firemen's Association.
CRANE TESTIFIED before the
SL OKs New
Constitution
Uiianimnsly
The Student Legislature last
night unanimously passed its new
constitution as amended after a
four hour meeting that saw 28
motions and sub-motions come up
on the floor for discussion.
The new constitution is not a
major change from the present
one drawn up in 1946 when SL
was formed.'It is, however, adapt-
ed to fit revisions in student gov-
ernment that have occurred dur-
ing the past five years, and is
aimed at providing a more flexible
set of working laws, according to
George Roumell, '51,aLegislature
president.
Before the new constitution will
go into effect it must be ratified
by a majority of the voting stu-
dent body and must be approved
by the Student Affairs Commit-
tee. The SL has not yet decided
how it will make the new consti-
tution available to the student
body.
Major alterations included in
the new constitution are:
1) Any referendum that is sup-
ported by 600 signatures on a pe-
tition will be placed on the elec-
tion ballot.
2) When an SL member is
dropped or resigns, a student may
be appointed to fill his position
by the Cabinet with a 2/3 appro-
val of the SL body.
3) Any problem that is pre-
sented to SL by a non-member
must go to the proper committee
for consideration before it can be
brought before SL.

Senate Crime Committee yesterday
that he handed the money to
O'Dwyer in a red manila enve-
lope on tie porch of Gracie Man-
sion, the official home of New
York's mayor.
"One man is lying," commit-
tee counsel Rudolph Halley told
newsmien.
O'Dwyer, contacted by news-
men, said of Crane's testimony
and the alleged campaign con-
tribution:
"I was asked about that under
oath and I flatly denied it.
CRANE SAID the $10,000 was
to back up a pledge of firemen's
support for O'Dwyer in the 1949
campaign in which he won reelec-
tion as mayor. After eight months
of that second four year term,
O'Dwyer quit to become ambassa-
dor to Mexico.
Millions of persons have follow-
ed the sensational hearings in a
federal courtroom here through
television.
Besides Crane's testimony,
other highlights of the final day
included:
1. Two more refusals by racke-
teer Frank Costello to say how
much he is worth-refusals that
could lead to his imprisonment
for contempt.
2. Testimony by Bert Stand,
former secretary of Tammany
Hall, that he believed Costello
threw a , cocktail party on the
occasion in 1942 when he was host
to O'Dwyer. The ex-Mayor has
testified he met Costello on Army
business.
3. A new invitation to Gov
Dewey to tell the Committee what
he knows about crime in general
and-if he wishes-about wide
open gambling in upstate Sarato-
ga Springs. Dewey indirectly re-
jected the latest bid and accused
Chairman Estes Kefauver (D-
Tenn) of making "discourteous
personal remarks" about him.
Dewey, in a tart telegram to
Sen. Kefauver, said it appeared the
Committee was not interested in
the opinions of the Governor as
a former racket-buster but only in
gambling conditions at the up-
state spa and horse racing center.

* * *

. 1

"THIS TREMENDOUS gain in'
our strength," the President said,
"has been made necessary by the
lawless aggression of Communist
forces in Korea, and by the men-
ace of still further Communist at-
tacks against other free nations."
The announcement obviously.
was intended to produce a dual
psychological effect abroad --
warn Russia, and assure Amer-
ica's friends. And the telegram
exchange also appeared to have
a message for critics of the ad-
ministration's rearmament pro-
gram at home.
Marshall's telegram said: "For
your information, the strength we$
have already attained - a total
strength in' excess of 2,900,000 -
was not attained in World War II
until more than 21 months after
our build-up started in June 1940,
following the fall of Franee, and
more than three months after
Pearl Harbor."
Part of this probably is account-
ed for by the availability this time
of hundreds of thoUsands of re-
servists, a trained and ready man-
power pool which did not exist
when World War II started. A
substantial part of the initial
buildup of the armed forces after
the Korean war started came from
these reservists of the Army, Navy,
Marines and Air Force.
FBI May Join
Search for Hill,
Federal investigators may take
up the job of locating Dave Hill,
'53, unless he reports for induc-
tion into the Army.
Local draft board chairman,
Mayor William E. Brown, Jr., yes-
terday announced that state selec-
tive service officials have ordered
a special draft order for the Uni-
versity football player, who has
been missing since early January.
Mayor Brown said the order was
designed especially to bring the
FBI into the search for Hill.

* - *
FROM EIGHTH ARMY ead
quarters in Korea, AP Correspon
dent Leif Erickson reported th
UN forces appeared in positio:
today to strike across the 38t
Parallel any time they choose t
move after the withdrawing Rec
across the political boundary.
Chunchon, seized by U.S
troops and tanks, was a much
greater prize of war than Seoul,
the liberated old Korean capital
45 miles to the southwest.
It not only was a good massin
point, but its roads and rails wer
avenues of conquest into Centra
Korea and to Seoul itself.
The enemy also was pulli
back on, the eastern front, wher
Republic of Korean troops alread
may have reached Parallel 38.
IN THE WEST, however, tb
enemy still was strongly entrench
ed north of Seoul and to the eat
of the capital.
AP correspondent Jim Becke
reported two divisions of the fres
Chinese Communist Third Fel
Army were tentatively identifie
in front positions east of Seoul.
An Allied armored patrol
fighting north on the road fron.
Seoul to Uijongbu met fierce
Red resistance. Uijongbu is 12
miles north of Seoul.
The enemy's; shifting of .60,00
fresh troops into the west raise
conjecture that the enemy migl'
be planning a counterattack.
* * *
THERE STILL was speculatio
as to whether General MacArthr
would send his troops across. th
Parallel again or wait for dipk
mats to confer.
The recapture of Chuncho
virtually restored the strateg:
picture Rs it existed before t];
Chinese Reds launched their Ne
Year's Eve offensive.
A U.S. tank force made the
first unopposed entry into Chun-
chon after the. road was clearer
of mines. AP correspondent Wil-
liam C. Barnard, only newsanx
to accompany the tanks, report-
ed the Chinese apparently had
withdrawn north of the Parallel
Eighth Army headquarters r
ports indicated the dug-in Re
around Seoul wouli try to slow <
halt the Allied advance up Korea
historic invasion route by raisir
a threat to the western flank.
T wo Counties
Name Liquor
'Cards Illegal
The liquor cards many studen
have been obtaining from ti
county clerk to document the fai
that they have the legal rigl
to slake their thirst with some
thing stronger than lemona
have been found unconstitution
in two counties of Michigan.
The card system was begun I
aid the hard pressed liquor dea
ers, Franklin Rauner, head of t
liquor control division of ti
state's attorney general's offii
told the Crib Club last night.
The dealers are guilty of m
demeanor for selling liquor i
minors regardless of the "proo
the minor offers to show that 1
(or she) is over 21, Rauner e
plained.
"Wayne and Macomb counti
have both ruled that the cards a

By VERN EMERSON
A peace treaty with Japan will
probably be okayed by the Senate
within six months, but the former
terror of the Far East will still
face economic chaos, Prof. Robert
Ward, of the political science de-
partment predicted yesterday.
Prof. Ward said that the treaty,
now being discussed by the Sen-
ate's Foreign Relations Commit-
tee, will be a lenient one in rela-
tion to financial and commercial
r*c1p~xiti nnc

The expert on Japanese affairs
pointed out that when American
subsidization of Japan's economy
stops, that country may be forced
to come to terms with the Com-
munist dominated lands of Asia.
* * *
"WHETHER Japan w ill be
forced by economic necessity to
align herself politically with Rus-
sia-thus turning her back on
us-is the biggest question in her
future."

NOT A 'GHOST OF A CHANCE': f

Russia Couldn't Beat U.S. --

Miller

By FLOYD THOMAS
Russia hasn't a "ghost of a
chance" of beating the United
States in a war, Prof. Henry Miller,
of the engineering college, said yes-
terday.
But you don't have to be able

Another Russian deficiency lies
in a manufacturing power tre-
mendously weaker than America's;
Prof. Miller continued. Russia has
only six per cent of the world's de-
veloped power, he estimated, while
th Unipr Rfn.r rn rnlc.8 n

OTHER RESOURCE shortages,
the ordnance expert said, paint
this picture of Russian raw mater-
ial deficiencies:
Food production is lagging be-
cause Russia's grain belt is dry-

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