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VOL. LXI, No. 105 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, MARCH t, 1951
t * +
Vote Today on
WASHINGTON - (P) - Sena-
tors;putron a bitter fight yester-
day over proposals to clamp a
ceiling of 3,500,000 to 4,000,000 on
. the nation's armed manpower.
They agreed finally to vote on
the question this afternoon.
* * *
FOR A TIME there appeared a
prospect that the Democratic and
Republican leadership might get
together on a compromise some-
where between those figures.
Some of the head men hoped by
that means to head off furtherI
talk on the issue which unexpec-
tedly held up progress on the bill
for 18-year-old draft and a sys-
tem of universal military training.;
Way for U)
N. Korean Cori
Cuts Allied Lini
TOKYO -(W) - Allied infan
today crossed the Han River e
of Red-held Seoul but enemy fo
es loosed an attack in east-cent
Korea which may mark the bei
ning of an expected Red count
The Han crossings were mr
at two points east of Seoul ii
flanking move against that anci
The crossing, achieved after
tillery pounded Chinese Reds
the north bank, broke the quiet
the long dormant western fr
The attack opened at 6:15 ami
An Editorial ...
The Student Affairs Committee is to be congratulated
on its passage of a regulation requiring all campus organiza-
tions to remove discriminatory clauses fromtheir constitutions
By taking this action, the Student Affairs Commit-
tee upheld a principle which lies at the very foundation
of a democratic society-the principle that all men should.
be accepted as equals regardless of their race or creed.
Many objections to this particular regulation have been
raised. But the importance of this basic democratic principle
outweighed all the objections to the proposal. It was for this
reason that members of the SAC voted for the resolution.
4' ' * * '
fl h *thSA
We believe that the decision of the SAC was a wise one.
Assuming an intelligent interpretation of the provisions of
the regulation, the University community will be benefited
by this action during forthcoming years.
-The Senior Editors
95 PERCENT TAKEN IN:
IFC .Leaders Rejoice
Over Big Pledge Total
Motion Passed by
Will Force Fraternities To Oust
Discriminatory Clauses by 1956
By JIM BROWN
By an extremely narrow seven to six margin,-the Student Affairs
Committee yesterday voted to require all campus organizations to re-
move discriminatory clauses from their constitutions by 1956 or be
denied official University recognition.
The momentous action, which needs only the approval of the
President of the University to become effective, culminated more than
two years of effort and agitation by a host of campus groups and stu-
dent leaders for a ruling which would force local fraternities to get
rid of their controversial bias clauses.
* * * ' * * *
-AP News Photo
FRONT LINE FIRST AID-A Marine scout, shot in the bead by
machinegun fire, is attended by two corpsmen near Hoensong.
Government, Labor Break
ShowsSigns of Settlement
Te aSenate finally rcessed By The Associated Press Labor Policy Committee gave this
the amendment by Senator Organized labor's break with unofficial outline of the terms:
the menmentby enatr ,the government's mobilization
Morse (R-Ore) for a 3,500.000- program showed some signs of The major requirement is that
man limit on the cynbined .hlgashd. a new wage board of 18 members:
strength of the Army, Air Force, healing last night. .be set up with power to handle
Navy and Marines. They have But across the breach, union disputes.
had no ceiling since the August chiefs traded hot words with mo-
flurry of defense legislation aft- bilization chief Charles E. Wilson.r
r talks. Union leaders met with
Morse first proposed a limit of Economic Stabilizer Eric John-
3,000,000, then went to 3,100,000 ston for the first time since they:
and finally 3,500,000, the figure pulled out of the mobilization pro-
President Truman uses in talk gram last week. They said later
about plans. they were hopeful at least part,1
* *of their differences with the gov-
SENATOR CAPEHART (R- ernment, could be settled.
Ind) then proposed 4,000,000. He In Florida, Wilson flew to see
withdrew that proposal when the President Truman, who is semi- WASHINGTON-UP)-The gov-
voting agreement was reached, vacationing at Key West. Wil- ernment announced yesterday all,
but said he will reoffer it separ- son said later that' "nothing and new purchases of tin for the na-
ately later if Morse's amendment nobody" must interfere with the tional stockpile will be suspended
loses. country's buildup of military immediately.
strength. And he said neither he Suspension of the purchases for
The sharp debate closed out .nor the President knew what "all the stockpile had been recoi-
for the night with a comment the shooting" by labor leaders is, mended by the Senate Prepared-
from chairman Russell, (D-Ga) about.- ness Subcommittee until Britain
of the Armed Services Commit-
tee that if war comes it will
start with atomic attack in
which "this capital city will be
the prime objective of an ag-
He questioned how Congress
could be convened to lift a nili-
tary manpower ceiling if that
The subject of a manpower
limit came up shortly after the
Senate by a 77-14 vote had turned
down a proposal by Morse to cut
all the services down to the three-
year enlistment term which is the
army's minimum for volunteers.
Morse accused the Air Force,
Navy and Marines of "stockpiling"
manpower at the Army's expense
by high pressuring youths to en-
list for longer terms in order to
avoid ground forces duty.
Organized labor was reported
to have agreed on a set of terms
under which it would reenter the!
government's wage stabilization
A leading figure in the United
To Aid McGee,
The Student Committee to save
Willie McGee organized a. full-
scale program last night to gain
increased support for its move-
ment, after launching its initial
leaflet distribution campaign yes-
Included in the Committee's
program are plans for a "monster
rally" here next week at which
the wife of the Mississippi Negro,
sentenced to die on March 20 aft-
er a series of appeals on his con-
viction for criminal assault had
failed, would speak.
THE EXACT DATE and place
of the rally are not yet definite.
Myron Wahls, chairman of the
Committee said he, was going to
Detroit today to consult with
members of the Civil Rights Con-
gress which is sponsoring a tour
by Mrs. McGee, and to make final
arrangements with them for the
The Committee is also form-
ing a speakers' bureau which
would have members of the
Committee explain the facts of
41ha -,Vla oacP inm~mhrc'o
AFTER GETTING to the north
bank, the infantrymen moved
across sandy flatlands against:
At theteastern end of the cen-
tral front, the North Korean Sec-
ond Corps unleashed a heavy as-
sault against the South Korean
Seventh Division. First reports'
indicated a Red penetration.
Allied officers told AP corres-
pondent Tom Stone this blow,
struck eight to 12 miles north-
east of the allied-held highway
town of Pangnim, might be the
opening of a Red counter-offen-
sive. However, it fell in a moun-
tainous terrain unsuitable for
any swift movements.
One regiment of the South Kor-
ean Seventh Division reported it
was under attack at 6 a.m. by
four Red regiments.
West of the South Koreans, two
American divisions-the seventh
and second-have been cutting
up North Korean units and chas-
ing them deeper into the track-
THE SECOND DIVISION slog-
ged forward yesterday more than
a mile in a blizzard on the trail
of casualty-riddled Korean Reds.
The North Korean Second Corps
which hit the South Korean Sev-
enth Division this morning has
been moving down for three days
in support of the badly-mauled
North Korean Third Corps:
One aim of the attack might
be to relieve pressure on the
road junction town of Soksa, 15
air miles northeast of Pangnim.
Fighting raged two miles south
of Soksa, on a road leading to
the east coast at Kangnung.
Communist concentrations have
suggested the Chinese are deter-
mined to try again soon after two
recent failures to score a break-
through in central Korea. But to-
day's attack was made more than
30 miles east of the Hoengsong
area, where the Chinese have been
U.S. First Division Marines are
pushing north of allied - won
Hoengsong toward concentrations
of the Chinese Third Field Army.
An Eight Army communique to-
day said the Marines advanced
1,000 to 2,000 yards yesterday
across rugged mountain terrain.
and other non-Communist coun-
tries agreed to stop what the Sen-
ators termed "gouging" of Ameri-
can taxpayers by tin mine owners
Announcing the decision to stop
new purchases, the General Serv-
ices Administration said:
"The policy is expected to con-
tinue until the price of tin reaches
a reasonable level."
L *A *
THE GOVERNMENT'S decision
was announced by Jesse Larson,
the General Services Administra-
While only stockpile purchas-
es of tin will be suspended, he
said purchases by the govern-
ment for industrial use will be
held to "the barest minimum."
In a report made public over
the weekend the Senate Prepared-
ness Subcommittee, said the price
of tin has gone up more than 150
per cent since just before Korea.
The report said it would cost
hundreds of millions of dollars
more to achieve the stockpile goal
at present prices than at prices
prior to the Korean conflict.
Fraternity leaders yesterday ex-
pressed surprised optimism over
the unexpectedly large percentage
of rushees pledged to fraternities
as a result of spring rushing.
Three hundred seventy-five out
of 393 rushees were pledged, a
phenomenal 95 per cent, and also
the highest spring pledge total
since the war.
* * *
BY WAY OF COMPARISON, 331
out of 427 rushees pledged last
spring. Last fall, there were about
600 rushees, of which approximate-
ly 475 were pledged. These figures
indicate that the usual ratio of
pledges and rushees is far less than
the 95 per cent which pledged this
Cast in Bus Ad
Seven members were elected to
the Business Administration Coun-
cil yesterday after the largest turn-
out to the polls ,in the council's
The newly elected members are
Eleanor Boja; Dan Duncansen;
Jerry Good, 52BAd; Jack Hamer,
52BAd; Marilyn Matthews; Ann
Patterson, 52BAd, and Joseph
Yakes, Jr., Grad.
The new members will assume
office at a 1 p.m. meeting of the
council tomorrow. They will hold
office for a year.
A total of 353 votes were cast in
the semi-annual election. As this
is close to 40% of the bus ad stu-
dent body, it sets a new voting
Bruce Sodde, '52, rushing
chairman for the Inter-Frater-
nity Council, explained this as a
result of fraternties being more
serious about rushing, and thus
doing a better job of selling
rushees on fraternities.
He denied, however, that the war
had had any influence on the large
percentage taken. "The Korean
conflict is a declining factor on
campus. Everybody seems to have
acclimated themselves to the situ-
ation, and it is having less of an
effect on their actions," he said.
* * *
ANOTHER unusual sideline on
this semester's rushing was that
114 out of the 393 rushees, or al-
most a third, registered for rushing
after the first announced deadline
for signing up on Feb. 17.
Bob Vogt, '51, IFC president,
attributed this largely to the
confusion over whether men on
academic probation could rush.
About forty of these were finally
permitted to rush, contrary to
the originally announced policy,
accounting for a good portion of
the 114 in question.
The 111'C leaders felt that the
general tenor of rushing had sub-
stantially improved this time.
One fraternity, Sigma Alpha Ep-
silon, was slapped with the fifty
dollar fine which is automatically
levied for any "dirty" rushing,
while two others, Pi Lambda Phi
and Zeta Beta Tau, were cleared
of charges brought against them.
Dr. Ralph M. Patterson, a mem-
ber of the Medical School faculty,
has resigned to accept the chair-
manship of the psychiatry depart-
ment at Ohio State University.
He will also become superinten-
dent of the Health Center of the
Ohio State Medical School. The
appointment is effective April 1.
Dr. Patterson explained that the
Ohio State Health Center is a new
unit of the School, similar to Uni-
versity Hospital in function.
Dr. Patterson has been on the
THE VOTE ITSELF c a m e
shortly before 6 p.m. as the deep-J
ly moved SAC members were
bringing to a close their second
tense and drama-packed special
session called to consider the res-
olution. It was recommended by
the Student Legislature several
Earlier, several SAC members
had sought vainly for a com-
promise through which the ac--
tion might come from within
the Inter-Fraternity Council it-
self and it was only after a1
third recount that the resolu-
tion was passed by a one vote
Although all of the SAC mem-
bers agreed that it would be high-
ly desirable if any action enforc-
ing removal of the bias clausesI
were to come from the affiliated1
groups themselves, a majority of1
the committee felt that the IFCi
would not take such action undert
its own power.
IC officials, however, have the
perogative of appealing the SAC's1
actionl to the President of the1
* * *
IN ADDITION to setting the
1956 time limit, the new regula-
tion stipulates that each organi--
zation affiliated with a national1
organization must petition for re-
moval of t h e discriminatory
clauses at its annual convention.
If the group fails to comply
with this stipulation it will be
denied official recognition im-
Strictly religious groups "whose
primary functions are religious in
nature" will be exempt from all
of these requirements.
* * *
THE SAC ON the recommenda-
tion of the Legislature, also left
one small loophole for fraternities
which find it impossible to push
the removal of the discriminatory
clauses through their national or-
ganization by 1956.
Such fraternities who can
prove that there is a "substan-
tial probability that all such
discriminatory clauses will be
removed in the near future"
after the 1956 deadline, may be
granted one year extensions by
the SAC until the clauses are
In addition, if an organization
is forced to become inactive be-
cause of a national emergency of
war, the length of the period of
inactivity will be added to -the
1956 time limit.
* * *
THOSE SAC members who vot-
ed against the regulation all
agreed that the discriminatory
clauses should be removed but
felt that a compromise could be
worked out with the IFC which
would be less antagonistic to the
They also felt that it was un-
fair for the University to deny
recognition to a local fraternity
which was unable to remove the
bias clauses in' the face of pow-
erful national and alumni or-
The majority of the committee,
however, felt that the SL's recom-
mendation that one year exten-
sions be granted to groups which
might have failed to remove the
clauses by 1956 if they could show
By CHUCK ELLIOTT
The question of how to get rid
of discriminatory clauses in fra-
ternity constitutions has had a.
long and turbulent history on this
Ever since the fall of 1948,
when news of anti-fraternity dis-
crimination action at Amherst
College moved students here to
think about the matter, there has
been continuing ,discussion and
legislation in the Student Legis-
lature and other groups, ending
in the plan passed yesterday by
the Student Affairs Committee.
IT BEGAN FORMALLY when
the SL set up a committee to study
ways to rid fraternity constitu-
tions of restrictive clauses. John
Ryder, '53L, SL vice president at
that time, was appointed chair-
man of this Committee on D*-
crimination, containing represen-
tatives of SL, the Inter-Fraternity
Council, Panhel, the League, the
Union, and other campus groups.
In April, 1949, Ryder made
the committee report to the leg-
islature, a report that was to
form the basis of the historic
"Michigan Plan," and over con-
siderable opposition from fra-
ternity groups the SL passed the
two resolutions growing out of
First, the Student Affairs com-
mittee was asked to refuse recog-
nition to any future organization
which prohibited membership be-
cause of race, religion or color.
This, in effect, barred recognition
of any new fraternities which had
such discriminatory clauses.
Second, the constitutions of all
organizations were to be placed on
file with the SAC. -
These two resolutions, the core
of the "Michigan Plan," passed
the SAC early in May, 1949, by a
one vote margin. It had been
hotly debated on campus, the
main point being that affiliates
felt they should be allowed to
treat the question among them-
THE "MICHIGAN PLAN," how-
ever, did not affect groups already
in existence, but the SL let con-
sideration in this direction ride
pending expected action by the
Inter-Fraternity . Council. During
the Fall of 1949, the IFC tried to
reach agreement on steps to be
made by local chapters in remov-
ing the discriminatory clauses
through national conventions.
In December, 1949, the IFC
Committee on Discrimination
presented a program whose two
points would have to be com-
plied with by each house or
recognition would cease. First,
each house must write a letter
to its national /organization pe-
tioning for removal of the
clause, and, second, must pre-
sent a motion for the removal
of the clause at the group's na-
But the IFC House President's
By The Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS--.The United
States, confronted with an appar-
ent snub by Red China to UN
peace feelers, was reported yes-
terday to be renewing demands
for action by a special UN com-
mittee set up to study possible
forms of punishment.
* * *
PARIS -- A controversy that
has bogged down so many East-
West meetings-how basic is-
sues should be interpreted --
caused sharp clashes between
'SEEING THINGS' AT HILL:
John Mason Brown To Speak Today
S* * 4
John Mason Brown, critic,
author and lecturer will speak at
8:30 p.m. today in Hill Auditorium.
The lecture is the sixth in the
1950-51 series of the University
Oratorical Association. Brown will
For many years before the war
Brown was a New York drama
critic. But in 1942 he entered the
Navy as a Lieutenant, and though
he didn't know it then, his days as
a newspaper critic were at an end.
.. ..: :. k " ::.