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October 03, 1950 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1950-10-03

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I,

'Daily'To Start Tryout Trinin rograrn

o day

t'i> =

* # #

* * «

Interest in news writing and business
skills will pay off for students who attend
one of The Daily's tryout meetings today
and tomorrow.
Editorial staff meetings have been sched-
uled for 4 p.m. today in the 'Ensian editorial
room on the second floor of the Student
Publications Building, 420 Maynard. An-
other meeting will be held at 4 p.m. tomor-
row for those who cannot make the first.
Business staff meetings will be held at
4:45 p.m. both days in the same place.
PRACTICAL JOURNALISM
Designed to instruct students in all as-
pects of practical journalism, The Daily
tryout training program is open to anyone
who has completed at least one semester of
college work and who is scholastically eli-
gible for extra-curricular activities.
Editorial staff includes three major writ-
ing groups, each providing specific writing
techniques training. The groups are edi-
torial and news writing, women's and sports.
Editorial training includes basic news and
feature writing techniques, headline writ-
ing, proof reading, makeup principles and
other aspects of putting a newspaper to-
gether.
After a semester tryouts are advanced

automatically to the sophomore staff and
are assigned important beats for campus
news coverage.
From the sophomore staff junior staffers
are selected. The night editor and assist-
ant night editor positions are salaried jobs.
SENIORS MAKE POLICY
Junior staff members are eligible to be
named to top positions on The Daily. The
seven senior editors make important policy
decisions and direct one of the most import-
ant activities on campus.
Sports staff tryouts will learn proof read-
ing, headline writing and news and sports
writing techniques, just as editorial staff
members. But writing will be directed to-
ward special sports' treatment.
Women's staff offers an opportunity to do
special fashion and society news writing.
Business tryouts will learn all aspects of
advertising writing, layout, promotions, ac-
counts and office management. They will
begin immediately procuring advertising.
Training in sports, women's and business
staffs lead to salaried positions on the junior
and senior staffs.
TOP NEWSPAPER PLANT
Besides getting valuable journalistic ex-
perience, student swill have an opportunity

to work in what is probably the best equip-
ped college newspaper plant in the nation.
Valued at more than a half a million
dollars, the Student Publications Building
houses some of the most modern printing
equipment available.
Installed this fall, a new $67,000 rotary
press will cut the time of printing The Daily
from three hours to a little more than a
half an hour. The rotary press replaces an
old flat bed press which printed Dailies for
more than two decades.
Another important piece of equipment is
the Fairchild engraving machine which pro-
cesses photographs for printing in about 15
minutes. Pictures are engraved, by an elec-
tronic process on plastic material, thus elim-
inating many of the steps required in zinc
engravings.
MODERN EQUIPMENT
In addition to the press and engraver, The
Daily's equipment includes four linotype
machines and several stereotype and mono-
type machines.
For 60 years The Daily has been training
students in news writing and advertising
skills. Among professional*editors and pub-

lishers alike work on The Daily is considered
valuable experience for reporting, editing
and advertising jobs.
Reporters, editors, news analysts and col-
umnists who call The Daily their first train-
ing school number in the thousands.
Some of the more memorable names in-
clude Stan Swinton, Associated Press report-
er now covering the Korean war, H. C. L.
Jackson, of the Detroit News, Brewster
Campbell, city editor of the Detroit Free
Press, and Chesser Campbell, treasurer of
the Chicago Tribune.
In addition to regular staff members,
special writers in the field of movie, drama,
music and book reviewing are needed. Those
interested are asked to submit a sample of
the type of writing they wish to do to the
editorial director.
Tryout Meetings
Editorial Staff-4 p.m. today and to-
morrow.
Business Staff-4:45 p.m. today and
tomorrow.
Place: 'Ensian editorial office, Student
Publications Building.

-Daily-Burt Sapowitch
SHOP SUPERVISOR KEN CHA'TTERS EXPLAINS NEW PRESS TO DAILY STAFFERS.

I

AMA ELECTIONEERING
See Page 4

Y

Latest Deadline in the State

i1

CLOUDY AND COLDER

VOL. LXI, No. 7 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN TUESDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1950
A r%® n toamA Ifo

SIX PAGES

7

Gaitskell Will Rhee Troons 35

Fly to US for
Money Talks
Value of Pound
May Be Raised
LONDON - (P) - Acting Trea-
sury Chief Hugh Gaitskell sharp-
ened rumors of a hike in the dol-
lar value of the pound yesterday
by announcng unexpectedly that
he is flying to the United States
and Canada next week.
Gaitskell said the flying visit,
coming so soon after Canada set
its dollar free to find its own le-
vel, was for the purpose of dis-
cussing "mutual economic prob-
lems."
OFFICIAL CONTRADICTION
But an authorized British offi-
cial in Washington declared that
revaluation discussions are not the
purpose of Gaitskell's visit. The
official said there is no fixed agen-
da for the talks, but they are ex-
pected to revolve around the task
of rearming the western nations
and the economic aspects of this
vast defense move.
(The Canadian dollar gained
nearly four cents in heavy trad-
ing in New York yesterday follow-
ing the announcement that the
Canadian government no longer
was pegging it at its old 91 cent
rate. The Canadian dollar ranged
from 94/2 to 94% cents in the
New York trading).
{ Rumors have persisted that Aus-.
tralia is considering a similar
move.
REVALUATION POSSIBLE
Though the British Treasury de-
liberately avoided comment on ru-
mors that the British pound may
t soon be revalued, some informants
said it was almost certan the act-
ing treasury chief would discuss
the effect of the free Canadian
dollar on Britain's economy.
Britain buys huge quantities of
wheat and raw materials from her
Canadian Commonwealth part-
ner. The increase in the value of
the Canadian dollar will have the
effect of increasing the cost of
these supplies to Britain unless
she ups the value of her pound.
Just over a year ago Britain
devalued the pound from $4.03
to $2.80. At the time Britain's gold
and dollar reserves, her trading
capital, had fallen to a dangerous
level
The reserves have more than
doubled because of the 30 cent cut
in the value "of the pound on
September 18, 1949.
Raising the value of the pound

Miles Over Line
Reports Say No American Units
Have Gone Beyond 38th Parallel
TOKYO-(A')-South Korean toops have sped 35 miles beyond the
- 38th parallel into North Korea and are within about 60 miles of they
- east coast industrial city of Wonsan, a U.S. 10th Corps spokesman said
yesterday.
:t The spokesman said other South Korean troops of the Capital
Division are 15 miles north of the artficial boundary but no American
units are north of it.
The deeprest penetration was made by the Republic's Third Di-
vision. It has moved five miles past the town of Kansong whede it
was reported Sunday. Kansong is 30 miles north of the 38th parallel.
American planes and warships supported the advance. A Navy
summary yesterday said carrier-based planes raided airfields all the
way across Korea north of the 38th.
AP corespondent Tom Lambert, reporting from 10th Corps head-
quarters, said there still was no indication if the South Koreans were
advancing on orders from the U.S. Eighth Army or on the orders ofI

N PAOrders
Priorities for
War Contracts
WASHINGTON-(IP)-The gov-
ernment yesterday ordered into ef-
fect a mandatory priority system
giving the armed forces first call
on the nation's industrial assembly
lines.
The National Production Au-
thority issued the regulation, ef-
fective today. It directs all plants
to accept and fill any order bear-
ing the priority rating - shunting.
aside civilian work if need be to
meet the defense timetable.
The overriding military con-
tracts will carry the new symbol
"DO," for "defense order." This
rating may be used by the defense
department and the Atomic Ener-
gy Commission. Its enforcement
is backed up by criminal penalties.
Contractors who receive a "DO"
order from the Army, Navy, Air
Force, or AEC may servethe rat-
ing on their own subcontractors
and suppliers.
"U' Ford Grant
Program Set
University President Alexander
G. Ruthven announced yesterday
that the social sciences research
planning committee would plan
a program for the se of the $300,-
000 granted to the University re-
cently by the Ford Foundation of

otheir own commanders. The Re-
public's Third and Capital Divi-
sions are under overall command
of the U.S. Eighth Army.
Lam'bert said Communists driv-
en from Seoul were showing plenty
of fight against U.S. Marines ad-
vancing at a point about 10 miles
due north of the capital.
Meanwhile in Taejon bodies of
1,100 Korean civilians murdered
by the Red invaders had been
found thus far in this ruined town
as the gruesome task of opening
freshrgraves continued !Testerday.
Thirty American soldiers were
among the dead. Searchers feared
5,000 or 6,000 persons were mas-
sacred in this town alone Wednes-
day and Thursday by North Ko-
rean Security police before the
Reds fled from advancing United
Nations forces.
South Korean Navy headquar-
ters said Republican Marines Mon-
day occupied the naval 3ase of
Mokpo and found all South Ko-
rean prisoners there murdered
In Tokyo Lt. Gen. George E.
Stratemeyer, Commander of the
Far East Air Force, said yesterday
Allied planes had destoyed or
damaged more than 1,000 North
Korean tanks in a continuing air
war.
General Stratemeyer saio the
strategic phase of the Korean air
war has ended. But that aerial
attacks are still being made
against the relatively few military
targets that are left.
It was reported in Tokyo that
Republican troops were headed
northwest toward Wonsan, heavily
bombed North Korean oil center
100 road miles above the 38th par-

Peace Will
Not Finish
AEC - Dean
It's not likely the Atomic Ener-
gy Commission.will vanish when
the threat of war does, Gordon E.
Dean, AEC boss, told The Daily
yesterday.
"But anyone who can see as-
surance of peace in the present sit-
uation is kidding himself," Dean
remarked.
Asked if AEC would gradually
decontrol itself and let industry
take over full investigation of the
atom if peace came, Dean replied,
"It's not in the cards."
FEW COMPLAINTS
As for complaints against strict
AEC controls, Dean noted that
there aren't many.
"Of course we all feel the pinch.
I guess I show my badge 40 times
in a visit to one of our plants."
We're trying to cut out all un-
necessary secrecy regulations as
fast as we can, he explained.
So far Phoenix is the only thing
of its kind to be tried on a big
scale by either a university or in-
dustry, but Dean said if all re-
search resources were used, there
would be plenty for everyone to
do.
Earlier, Sen. Homer Ferguson,
'13L, charged the Phoenix Project
with ending some of the public's
fear that pours into his office in
the morning mail.
SENATE WAITS
In his praise of Phoenix in the
Senate, he explained that his col-
leagues didn't show too much en-
thusiasm, but are waiting to see
what facts the memorial comes up
with.
deSen.Ferguson said Congress un-
derstands the atom, even though
the appropriations subcommittee
of which he is a member faces so
much secrecy it can not fully in-
vestigate its grants. Now Congress~
doesn't talk so much about atomic
warfare and has scotched alarmist
plans "to move to the hills."
We must have an obedience by
the world to international law, he.,
declared. "We may even have to+
kill some international bandits
who won't heed the courts. But in+
any case, a total war would make+
this obedience impossible.
And he urged all who believe in
the American spirit of enterprise
shown by the Phoenix Project to1
support the memorial.,

Dean Lauds
'U Project
Of Research
Austin, 'Ike Send:
Phone Messages
By VERNON EMERSON
Iur strength does not lie in our
weapons, but in our understanding
of the forces of nature, Atomic En-
ergy Commission chairman Gor-
don E. Dean declared last night at
the Phoenix Project's kickoff rally.
Deal hailed the University for
its initiative in undertaking the
Project which he said would con-
tribute to the strength of the
country.
He cited the need for an ever-
ready pool of scientists to be used
in peace or war for the nation's
progress. He urged that this reser-
voir be treated as a natural re-
saurce to be maintained and in-
creased.
NEED BASIC RESEARCH
At the same time, he pointed
out, there is also a constant need
for continuing, fundamental re-
search.
"The foundations. of our atomic
energy program' are shallow-they
float precariously in a vast swamp
of ignorance," he admitted.
Dean noted that the Phoenix
Project will aid in endng the dark-
ness surrounding the atom, and at
the same time will build up need-
ed scientific reserve.
"I welcome the University's lead
to more privately-financed atomic
energy research. in unclassified
fields, he said. "Too many re-
search institutions have held back
feeling that our monopoly is made
up of more secrets than it is."
Atomic energy development now
has to be strictly controlled he
said. But, he continued, this safe-
guard to our security must not bar
private initiative in atomic energy
research, nor free academic in-
quiry seeking policies and practices
that will best guide the public and
private use of atomic energy.
FERGUSON SPEAKS
In introducing Dean, Sen. Hom-
er Ferguson said the only neces-
sity for the government monopoly
is national security.
He explaned that Congress
members waiting for the advice of
such projects as the Phoenix me-
morial on many of the problems
facing then).
"My mail shows that the people
are afraid of the atom; do not see
its potential benefits," Sen. Fer-
guson said. "Phoenix can aid in

i
F

--Daily-Alan Reid
FINAL PLANS-Putting finishing touches on the Atom Day program with President Ruthven are,
left to right, Chester H. Lang, Phoenix drive chairman, Sen. Homer Ferguson and Gordon E. Dean,
chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, who made his first major address last night.
Symposia Urge Overall Atom Study

A full-scale study of the effect
of the atom on social and physi-
cal science was urged by partici-
pants in two Atom Day symposia
yesterday.
Social Aspects
Driblets are being spent to study

the social' implication of the re-
lease of atomic energy-an event
more important than the discovery
of steam power, Prof. William Ha-
ber of the economics department
charged.
Acting as moderator of a Phoe-

Navy Discloses Near Loss
Of Destroyer by Korean Mines
WASHINGTON-RP)-Damaging that "a great many" floating
of another American destroyer by mines of Russian type have been
a mine off the coast of North Kor-
ea was disclosed by the Navy. to- found in Korean waters, Sherman
day. tounched on the mishap of the
Seven men were injured when Brush, then added that there also
the U.S.S. Mansfield struck a mine had been mine damage to another
Saturday, 40 or 50 miles north of vessel, with "some deaths.
the 38th parallel and off the East The explosion which damaged
coast of the Korean Peninsula, the the Mansfield had not been an-
Navy said. nounced at the time Sherman tes-
Previously it had announced tified. It was noted that he spoke
that the destroyer Brush was dam- of some fatalities, while the Mans-
aged in a similar incident last field reported mentioned no dead.

nix symposium on the atom and
social science, Prof. Haber lashed
out at Americans for shrugging
off responsibility for the atom's
effect.
Prof. Haber stressed a recurrent
note in the meeting: "As social
scientists we must begin now to
map the future of the atomic age."
Prof. Marshall E. Dimock, for-
mer Assistant Secretary of Labor,
hailing the Phoenix Project as a
formula to be followed by other
universities in the future, called
for social scientists 'to unite in a
realistic study of the atom's effect
on society.
JOB FOR ALL
"We must do what the physical
scientists did when they split the
atom. There can be no one social
science to solve the many prob-

i

Drop in. Welfare

lems facing us; we must work to-
gether."
The vast fields to be studied
must be outlined, related to pre-
sent problems and knowledge, and

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