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Latest Deadline in the State
:43 a t I
VOL. LXI, No. 82,
Deficit To. Be Met
By Higher Taxes
"WASHINGTON - (P) .- Presi-
dent Truman handed Congress
and the American taxpayer yester-
day a "national survival" budget
of $71,594,000,000, with a flock of
f'Fair Deal" measures thrown in
and a deficit of at least $16,500,-
000,000 to be met from new taxes.
The President said the new tax
increases, which will hit every-
body, could soar as high as $20,-
His budget was by far the larg-
est in American history except in
time of all-out war.
HE EARMARKED almost three-
quarters of it for the growing,
ready-for-war buildup of this
country's military strength and for
bolstering the defenses of other
free nations against what he call-
ed the "imminent possibility" of
attack by the "barbaric" forces of
Then, braving the quick and
sure wrah of many legislators,
he dusted off key sections of his
controversial "Fair Deal" pro-
gram. and asked their speedy
adoption in the interest of high
production for defense.
These included the Brannan
farm price plan, a national health
insurance system and-like 'a red
flag to most southern lawmakers
-revival of the World War Two
Federal Fair Employment Prac-
tices Commission to wipe out dis-
crimination against Negroes and
other minorities in' interstate in..
s s s
IN GENERAL, lawmakers of
both parties showed willingness to
go a long way with the President
on his military proposals.
But on the rest of his program
it was a diffferent story. Many
Republicans promptly accused
him of trying to disguise "wel-
fare state" measures as defense
moves, These critics also charg-
ed the President failed by a
wide margin to cut non-defense
spending far enough.
Senator McFarland (D-riz),
Senate Majority Leader, termed
Truman's military program a
"must" and added: "I think it will
have the general support of Sen-
ators on both sides of the aisle."
* * *
ON THE Republican side, Sen.
Bridges of New Hampshire, his
party's ranking member of the Fi-
nance Committee, said he was
"shocked" to discover "provisions
for the Fair Deal under the guise
of defense spending."
Senator Welker (R - Idaho)
said the President apparently
was trying to put across "wel-
fare state theories that were re-
pudiated at the polls last No-
Truman said the program was
designed as a warning to Red
leaders in the only language they
understand - military strength
backed by the will tb fight if at-
To File Appeal
To State Court
Leonard H. Young, attorney for
convicted arsonist Robert'H. Sta-
cy, yesterday announced that he
will appeal Stacy's 10-year sen-
tence before tomorrow night.
Young said that he will use 14
points as grounds forrthe appeal
to the Michigan Supreme Court.
"The appeal will state that the
trial was neither fair ndr impar-
tial as guaranteed by the Consti-
tutions of the United States and
Michigan," Stacy's court appoint-
ed lawyer said.
Among the other points in
the appeal are that the verdict
is contrary to law and' the great
weight of evidence; that the
case against Stacy was not pro-
ven by evidence aside from the
former University teaching fel-
low's confession; that the court
submitted testimony concerning
fires other than the Haven Hall
Ulaze, as well as that of a per-
son who identified Stacy as
"resembling" someone at' the
scene of the fire; that the court
erred in denying a plea to re-
turn the case to the Muncipal
Cou.t frnm -a Es tyPnnf
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JANUARY 16, 1951
Cut in Personnel
By RON WATTS
President Alexander G. Ruthven yesterday foresaw a "drastic re-
duction in teaching and service personnel" as necessary under the
appropriation recommendation of Governor G. Mennen Williams.
"Teaching and service staffs will have to be cut by at least $1,000,-
000 and 'a further $500,000 cut made in non-salary items under such
an appropriation," he added.
THE $13,700,000 University budget which Democratic Governor
U. S. u
By LEONARD GREENBAUM
The college life of students en-
rolled in the Organized Reserve
Corps is an uncertain and almost
day to day position.
To date, 52 University students
have been called into service by
the reserves. No official plans have
been released for calling further
reserve units or men, but should
the Defense Department's newly
proposed plan for an army of
3,462,000 be passed it seems high-
ly probable that more reservists
will be called.
* ,, *
AND SHOULD a call be issued
the ,college reservists cannot ob-'
tain a deferment.
If he is an officer the most
he can hope for is a postpone-
ment. Provided that he is en-
rolled in any one of 32 courses.
These courses cover engineering
and science, medicine and all al-
lied fields, psychology and psychi-
atric social work, logistics pur-
chasing and theology.
* * *
ALL REQUESTS for postpone-,
ments should include a statement
from the University certifying the
reservist's full time enrollment.-
Postponements, however, are not
mandatory, and the decision to
grant a request is left to the Chief
of the reservist's Military District.
If the student is an enlisted
man there is no announced poli-
cy allowing him to even applyE
for a postponement.
One reserve officer, unofficially
said, however, .that if a reservist
could complete a degree within
six months "it is conceivable that.
a postponement might be grant-
* * *
THE OFFICIAL national policy
on calling up reservists states that
the active reservist will be called1
before the inactive reservist ex-1
cept where special aptitudes areI
No differentiation will be
made, however, in calling non-
veterans before veterans.t
There is good possibility that a<
call for reserve officers will be
issued after Jan. 19, the closingi
date the Cor's has set for its
third recall program campaign fort
7500 volunteer officers..
No figures were availale on how
many officers had volunteered,c
but unofficial estimates pointedt
to a gap between the proposedj
figure and the number of volun-
Any further information con-4
cerning the reserves or other unitsi
of the armed forces can be ob-<
tained at the Armed Services In-i
formation Center, 555 Administra-
MASTER OF MUSIC:
'Williams incorporated in hisan-
nual appropriations message was
based on ,an expected enrollment
of 16,000 students.
The University's original re-
quest for $16,337,000 had esti-
mated the enrollment next fall
at 18,000, but when the Korean
War conditions became unfavor-
able, it pared-down the estima-
tion to about 16,000 students and
asked for $15,200,000.
President Ruthven pointed out
that the University's income from
fees will be greatly reduced be-
cause of a drop in enrollment and
a loss of GI payments by the Fed-
"SALARY AND WAGE adjust-
ments made this year and price
increases already experienced will
more than wipe out the difference
in the appropriation proposed by
the Governor and the $11,572,945
the University receives this year,"
The University expects a de-
ficit'this year of $1,716,000.
The University's appropriation
request faces an almost identical
situation this year as last-a Dem-
ocratic governor and a Republi-
can dominated Legislature. Re-
gardless of party affiliations both
branches seem inclined this year,
as in the past, to slash theorigi-
nal University request.
Last year the University asked
$13,870,000, but Williams clipped
the figure to $12,500,000. Then the
Republican Legislature further re-
duced the 'figure to $11,572,945.
Before the bill was voted on, Ruth-
ven declared that such a budget
would put the University in the
most critical position it had ex-
perienced in 50 years.
The Democratic minority in the
Senate fought the 1950-51 Repub-
licans "economy" appropriation
bill with a filibuster that collaps-
ed after an all-night battle.
Pledges totaling $154,246 have
been collected from students for
the Michigan Memorial Phoenix
Project, according to Mary Lu-
beck, '51, campus drive chairman.
Some of the pledges have al-
ready been paid. The rest will be
collected over a three year period,
and the University will send re-
minders to those students who
pledge each June 15 until 1953.
The money will be turned over
to the general Phoenix Project
fund, for distribution according to
the projected budget. The student
contributions will not be assigned
to any particular part of the pro-
The intensive student drive has
ended with this tabulation. How-
ever, some general clean-up.work
remains and it will be completed
during the first two weeks of the
new semester, Lubeck reported.
After this work is completed the
student committee will disband.
Serve 21 Months
WASHINGTON - (P) -.Presi-
dent Truman opened a way yes-
terday for men from 18 through
25 to volunteer for a. 21-month
hitch in the army..
Regular enlistments are for
longer periods, and until issuance
of yesterday's presidential order
changing the draft regulations,
men eligible for the 'draft .were
not able to volunteer for the
shorter term of army service.
,. * .*g
IN OTHER developments on
1. Officers at the Pentagon will
have a strength equal to 24 com-
bat divisions by summer.
NEW AIM OFFICERS-New officers of AIM for the spring semester, elected at last night's meet-
ing, are (left to right) Dave Belin, '51, senior advisor; Mel Cohen, '51, treasurer; Dave Ponitz, '52,
president; Bob Perry, '52E, secretary, and Bob Leopold, '52, vice-president.
* 1 l t Ne Pr* * sie
.Ponitz Selected New A IM President
2. Senators were told the arm-
ed forces soon will resume the
World War II practice of ac-
cepting for limited service some
men who are unable to pass the
physical and mental tests re-
quired for combat duty.
3. The Defense Department dis-
closed it is preparing to ask Con-
gress to provide "hazard pay" for
soldiers and marines serving in
The present stipulated period of
service under the draft law is 21
months, although Congress is con-
sidering proposals to extend the
term to 27 months or longer, and
allow the induction of 18-year-
olds. Currently, all males must
register at 18, but cannot be draft-
ed until a year later.
SECRETARY OF Defense Mar-
shall disclosed that the Pentagon
is seeking to have the draft law
amended so that all of the ser-
vices will get their manpower"
through the selective service sys-
tem. At present the Navy, Marine
Corps and Air Force are procuring
their members from volunteers and
Under Truman's order, an 18-
year-old, or a man between 19 and
26 eligible for induction, can go
to his local draft board and be
placed at the head of the list in-
stead of waiting for his number to
* * *
New president of the AIM for
the spring semester will be Dave
Ponitz, '52, of Anderson House.
Ponitz, who succeeds Dave Be-
lin, '51, of Victor Vaughn House,
was elected on the first ballot
from a field of three by the as-
sembled residence hall housepres-
idents and AIM representatives.
Other candidates for the post
were Mel Cohen, '51, of Prescott
House, and Bob Perry, '52E, of
VICE-PRESIDENT in the new
AIM cabinet will' be Bob Leopold,
'62, an Allen-Rumsey resident.
Leopold was elected by acclama-
Taking over as secretary of
the organization will be Perry,
who won out over Don White,
'52E, of Wenley House.
Cohen was selected by the mem-
bers to fill the post of treasurer.
Unsuccessful candidates for this
Strass~ ous. Unuccssfu canidaes f' ti
Serge Jaroff Revealed
As Man of Two Sides
By CLANCY BORNS
Serge Jaroff, pint-sized conduc-
tor of the 28-man Don Cossack
Chorus and Dancers, proved to
be a man of two sides last night
in his Hill Auditorium appear-
When speaking offstage, Jaroff
blushed, bobbed his head shyly
and with a disarming smile sought
the conversational aid of one of
his English-speaking Paul Bun-
ON STAGE, Conductor Jaroff
was complete master of the situa-
tion. Without any Stokowskian
dinav fnlna n .m m "n bukt
able experience, one six-foot Slav
told of a performance in March,
1945 before General Dwight D.
Eisenhower in Frankfort, Ger-
many. Upon finishing the con-
cert, Eisenhover requested the en-
core singing of "Volga Boatman."
The master-of-ceremonies intro-
duced the famous Slavic song of
slavery as an "American" folk
song - and this appendage has
stuck. The fact that the Cossacks
have sung this song several thou-
sand times in concert in this coun-
try was no doubt the cause of the
Like any brass hat, Jaroff holds
Stop Volu ntary
An end tto voluntary enlist-
ments and sole reliance on selec-
tive service for manpower was
urged yesterday by twenty Mid-
west College deans to "eliminate
the uncertainty and confusion in
the lives of students."
An alar~ming number of stu-
dents are* enlisting, before being
drafted so they can 'choose a spe-
cific branch of the service, ac-
cording to Erich. Walter, dean of
students, who returned last night
from the meeting of the educators
"Under our plan," he said, "draf-
tees would be given their choice
of services insofar as possible."
THE GROUP, he said, also re-
1. More completeand uniform
interpretation by the govern-
nment to local draft boards
throughout the country to elim-
inate the present apparent wide
variance in application of selec-
tive service policies.
2. That students and their
parents be given detailed inter-
pretation of the army service
classification procedures so that
the full opportunities in the
armed services, particularly the
army ground forces, may be re-
I Thacomplete annirm
By The Associated Press
man nominated former Florida
Governor Millard F. Caldwell yes-
terday to be Director of Civilian
* * *
Department said yesterday "re-
placements for casualties and
battle weary soldiers" will start
reaching Korea "in quantity"
by early March, and a smaller
number will arrive in February.
WASHINGTON - The United
States renewed direct 'talks with
Russia yesterday in a move to
make the Soviet Union pay up for
part of .the $11,000,000,000 in
American Lend-Lease supplies it
received during the last war.
Armed Services Committee ask-
ed the Justice Department yes-
terday to decide whether wit-
nesses who accused Mrs. Anna
M. Rosenberg of being a Com-
munist sympathizer should be
prosecuted on perjury charges,
NEW YORK-The newsdealers
Association of Greater New York,
Inc., said yesterday its members
participating in a referendum vot-
ed four to one in favor of banning
the Daily. Worker, Communist
newspaper, from their newstands.
WASHINGTON -(W) - The
government clamped down tight
yesterday on the construction of
new commercial buildings, prohi-
biting ,the starting of virtually all
such new projects until Feb. 15.
After the freeze period, each pri-
vate new commercial building pro-
ject must be submitted to the Na-
tional Production Authority for
approval. The ban is necessary to
save materials for mobilization,
WORK ALREADY under way is
not affected. Certain wholesale
supply facilities, small jobs and
repairs are exempted too.
In general, the agency said,
the only buildings it will au-
therize after the freeze are
those needed in the defense pro-
gram; those essential to the
public health, welfare or safe-
ty; or those needed to prevent
hardship in a community.
During the "freeze" period NPA
said permission to start new com-
mercial buildings will be given on-
ly in "emergencies."
The order, during the freeze
period and later, applies to all such
commercial, construction types as
stores, restaurants, office build-
ings and hotels, barber and beauty
shops, garages, service stations,
laundry and dry cleaning estab-
lishments, shoe repair and tailor
shops, eating places, printing shops
and tourist camps.
'TRY AND STOP ME':
position were John Worthington,
'52, from Allen-Rumsey House,
and Sherman Saxl, '52, of Wen-
Rounding out the five - man
AIM cabinet will be Belin, who
automatically, as retiring presi-
dent, moves up to the post of sen-
Ponitz, outlining the AIM pro-
gram for this coming semester,
promised that the organization
would strive to perform more
concrete services for independent
"More social activities will be
sponsored, such as a spring dance
to follow up -the success of the
A-Hop, the policy of obtaining
reductions on athletic equipment,
will be continued, and a 'Program
of encouraging good independent
candidates for campus positions
will again be followed," he said.
The latest Student Legislature
fraternity anti - discrimination
bill will be presented to the Stu-
dent Affairs committee today to
be acted upon in the near future,
George Roumell, '51, SL presi-
dent, announced last night.
Roumell §aid that he would re-
quest the SAC to call an open
hearing on the issue before any
action. If and when the SAC
passes the measure it goes into
effect on campus.
Passed by a large majority in
the SL past December, the five
point motion asks in effect that
all campus organizations' except
those strictly religious in charac-
tar must either rid their consti-
tutions of any discriminatory
clauses which they may have, or
prove that they have actively
worked toward getting rid of those
clauses to the' satisfaction of the
SAC by October, 1956.
The penalty would be loss of
recognition by the SAC. How-
ever, the SAC could grant one
year extensions of time at its dis-
Allies Draw Out
Of Wonju Area
TOKYO-(P)-U.S. Third Divi-
sion troops advanced unopposed
yesterday to within 25 miles of
Seoul in west Korea.
In the central sector, Allied
forces made a planned withdrawal
from the Wonju sa li e n t to
straighten and shorten the defense
Armor-led reconnaissance forces
of the Third Division drove four
miles up the road from recaptur-'
ed Osan to within five miles of
Suwon. It was the continuation of
the surprise .advance in the west
which gained up to 12 miles and
recaptured three towns yesterday.
RED TROOPS began retreating
north from Suwon yesterday un-
der attack by U.S. Fifth Air Force
planes which killed or wounded
between 1,400 and 1,600 of the en-
The pullback below Wonju to
the east was disclosed today by
the U.S. Eighth Army. There
had been no contact with the
Reds for 20 hours.
For 16 days the U.S. Second Di-
vision, including French a n d
Dutch troops, had held a horse-
shoe-shaped sector controlling a
rail and highway network leading
south from Wonju.
* * *
EIGHTH ARMY issued a com-
munique which said:
Concluding 'the Wonju basin
holding action, which cost the
enemy thousands of casualties,
United Nations troops have mov-
ed south to the defensive line
established after the withdrawal
from Seoul (Jan. 4). This re-
deployment will usher in a new
phase of the battle of the So-
baeks west of the Han River."
The Sobaeks block the way to
Taegu and other points in the old
Pusan beachhead which Allied
forces held last summer. Red
forces have tried to infiltrate
through these ranges and cut in
behind the Second Division.
"The United Nations line has
been straightened and shortened,"
the communique said of the Won-
Associated Press correspondent
Stan Swinton reported, "Front-
line morale soared as weary fight-
ing men realized-at least locally
-that the Allies had grabbed the
military initiative back from the
It was the first time since Nov.
25 that UN forces in the west had
reversed their steady fall-back to
wards southeast Korea and made
Rules on Free
preme Court ruled yesterday that
guarantees of free speech under
the Constitution do not extend to
persons attempting to incite riot.
Free speech in public parks or
on the streets came before the
high tribunal in three cases.
In two of them, freedom of re-
ligion also was an issue. The
court, setting aside convictions,
said requirement for licenses to
use public places for meetings is
a restraint in advance on freedom
of speech and religion.
But in the other case, the tri-
bunal in a six to three decision
upheld a 30-day jail sentence im-
posed on a student who was ar-
rested while making a political
speech on a street in Syracuse,
Here the court held the con-
viction should not he .tnsed onut
umorist Cerf *iflSpeak at Hill
Bennett Cerf, the "Dynamo of
activity" whose name has become
a byword in the humor world will
appear at 8:30 p.m., today, in Hill'
Auditorium to enlighten 'local hu-
morists on the current trends of
the "Changing Styles in American.
Known to most people today as
the author of the best-selling
field as a reporter on the New
York Herald Tribune, and at
the same time worked as a
clerk on the stock exchange.
Soon after this, however, Cerf
directed his interests to publish-
ing, and helped to found a book
company which devotes itself to
bringing the classics to the pub-
lic at modest prices.
In addition to his wnk a the