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December 09, 1950 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1950-12-09

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UN Withdrawal from Korea

Pro . . .

Con .

THE UNITED NATIONS troops should be
withdrawn from the Korean peninsula as
quickly and orderly as possible.
With the attack of a potential force of
one million Red Chinese troops, our posi-
tion on that sore hangnail of Asia has
become impossible to defend. The actual
number of Chinese troops in the field out-
number ours by three to one. Hope of get-
ting the additional men needed into the
fight before we are pushed into the sea is
now out of the question.
Even if we could, the trading of lives,
man for man, with a country of 450,000,000
people appears to be a fantastic and frigh-
tening alternative.
Actually the only things we are defending
in Korea is the honor of the UN which has
pledged to stop aggression, and the "face"
of Gen. MacArthur, whose face is slightly
shrouded now after some of his questionable
decisions made in Korea. Our move original-
ly into Korea was to stop aggression and
that is still a worthy goal, but we must also
"live to fight another day."
Expediency tells us that Korea has no
great industrial facilities. The support of
South Korea's forces in the past has been
an aid, but is now certainly not worth stak-
ing everything to defend. Someday the UN
may be able to return and liberate the Ko-
reans-but now that is in the distant future.
Instead of devoting all our resources and
manpower to a battle made hopeless by the
intervention of Red China, we should con-
centrate on a more vital area, Europe.
Why sidestep the Korean crisis and make
our stand in Europe? For one reason, Europe
has great industrial facilities. We have found
from the last war that more than anything,
the industrial potential of a country is im-
portant-in fact, it is basic to an ultimate
In Europe, we have allies. The countries
of France, West Germany and Great Britain,
although a little shaky at the present about
defending themselves, would fall into line
when they saw a floor of American arms
and men moving into West Europe. Their
contribution to the all-out effort would be
This shift of emphasis to Europe doesn't
mean that Asia should be given up al-
together. We can still defend Japan, For-
mosa, The Philippines, the East Indies and
Australia. And they are defensible because
their insularity fits beautifully with our
trump card-the United States Navy.
At this point in history, Korea has be-
come a liability to us. If we are to look for-
ward to settleiient in the future with the
Communistic world, we must plan so that
the settlement will come from our victory,
not our defeat. Such a plan must include the
abandonment, at least temporarily, of Ko-
-Ron Watts

THE WITHDRAWAL of United Nations
forces from Korea would be military and
political suicide for this country.
At present, such a move would be a
military blunder. An attempted escape
from the peninsula would simply end up
in another Dunkirk, unless we can run
faster than the pursuing Chinese hordes.
Taking a chance on making a successful
stand in Korea, is far better than run-
ning into the sea and assuring disaster.
And retreat from Korea would have far
reaching consequences that are more im-
portant than any military defeat UN forces
might suffer. Giving up now would mean
an end to the policy of containment that
this country has established as our best
method of dealing with the Soviet Union.
It was this policy that led us, and the United
Nations with us, into the Korean affair in
the first place.
There is nothing idealistic that requires
us to hold onto Korea. We are not only
fighting for the preservation of the United
Nations. Giving up now, in any way, would
seem to the rest of the world-Russia in
particular - that the United States has
backed away from the containment line.
Not only would such an impression lose
allies for us, it would lead Russia to believe
that she can tramp over Asia, and perhaps
even Europe, without too much trouble.
The whole idea of abandoning the now
weak, and backward Asian area, is one
of the most shortsighted views that exists.
This region, in potential manpower and
resources, is one of the richest in the
world. If it is left for Communist forces
to develop, we might as well give up our
struggle with Russia now.
Korea is the test of our military pre-
paredness, our foreign policy, our whole
way of thinking. Retreat from Korea now
would be a general defeat for the United
--Vernon Emerson.
Warsaw Congress
"The Congress at Warsaw was not con-
ducted in a live-and-let-live spirit of seek-
ing for peaceful ways and means of helping
different systems to live together, but rather
its too dominant themes were hatred and
violence: hatred of the United States and
attainment of world revolution by force."
-0. John Rogge, N. Y. Post.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

PASADENA-BOUND students may be in
for a big disappointment when they reach
California with its "city of the roses." Gla-
morous posters painting it as the paradise
state have left many a visitor with a dis-
satisfied taste in his mouth, after but one
California has become crowded beyond
description. Hotel rooms for the Michigan
rooters may be hard to find. Room service
in these hotels will be at a minimum. Restau-
rant service is slow and nerve-wracking.
Movie lines stretch for blocks.
The many recreational facilities soon be-
come undersirable when the visitor repeat-
edly meets a mass of swarming humans.
Beaches are littered with umbrellas, coke
bottles, and sunbathers. Swimming pools are
brimming over with enthusiastic water-lov-
ers. Golf courses are lined with golfers, anx-
iously waiting their turn on the green.
Stores are jammed to the rafters. Wait-
ing in line for counter service is an every-
day occurrence. Stock dwindles in a hurry
because of the demand, and the right goods
are sometimes hard to get.
Visiting Michigan students will be impres-
sed with California's scenic beauty, but the
tar-paper shacks and sleeping tents may
make it hard to find, sometimes.
-Mary Letsis
WASHINGTON - The White House chief
scored a great victory for a bi-partisan
foreign policy at the President's luncheon
for Britain's Clement Attlee and Congres-
sional leaders on the Yacht Williamsburg.
The atmosphere was somewhat stiff un-
til jolly Senator Alex Wiley, ranking Re-
publican on the Foreign Relations Com-
mittee, spied the dessert. Glowing with a
huge smile, he told Attlee:
"Mr. Prime Minister, you are privileged
to eat America's choice dessert."
It was bleu cheese from Wisconsin.
** *
WHILE President Truman and Clement
Attlee were conferring on what to do
about it the House Armed Services Com-
mittee was hearing a grim closed-door re-
port on the debacle in Korea.
Adm. Forrest Sherman, efficient Chief
of Naval Operations and a member of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff, tersely reported:
"We've got to face the facts. Our mili-
tary position today is worse than it was
after Pearl Harbor."
Sherman revealed that the seventh in-
fantry division, stranded in northeast
Korea, had been "cut to ribbons and no
longer exists as a unified fighting force."
Marines in the same area, he added, were
in better shape, and had been able to hold
their lines together for evacuation purposes.
"It looks like we will have to evacuate and
I think the Navy can handle its end of the
job," Sherman said.
He added, however, that there might be
"losses" if the Navy had to contend with
Russian attack planes and submarines.
"But even if that happens we'll still get
the job done," the Admiral predicted.
* * *
Sherman's realistic report had an elec-
trifying effect -on the committee and its
salty chairman, Rep. Carl Vinson of Geor.-
gia. Vinson announced that he wouldn't

stand for any more "business as usual" in
the war production program.
The Georgian spoke his piece when Wil-
liam J. McNeil, assistant secretary of cle-
fense, advised the committee behind closed
doors that aircraft production wasn't mov-
ing too fast because of delays in getting
airplane engines.
"Plants producing engines are on an
eight-hour work day and at this rate it
will be 16 months before warplane produc-
tion will be at a peak," McNeil reported.
"Well, those plants ought to be working on
a 24-hour basis," shot back Vinson. "We've
got to get the job done now-not 18 months
from now. We won't get it done with men
working only eight hours a day. Money is
not the object now. Our liberty and the
freedom of the world is at stake."
(Copyright, 1950, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Good Old Dayls
THE GOOD Old Days are definitely over.
Time was when a Harvard football team
would think nothing of running up a pretty
healthy score to smash some upstart outfit.
But now that Army has taken us 54-14 and
49-0, anyone can see it's time to draw in our
horns a little bit. We just seem to take a dif-
ferent view of football from most other peo-
ple these days.
But other old time greats are taking hard
knocks from this new high-pressure game.
Notre Dame also has been jolted from the
top of the heap, losing to a couple of johnny-
come-lately squads like Purdue and Indiana.
It's good to see that the grand old schools

"Forget About Europe -
- SC
M -t

Leadership Contrast

WASHINGTON - After British Prime
Minister Clement Attlee's speech here
to the National Press Club, a shrewd and
seasoned American observer of the English
people commented that they would do more
in this crisis than the Prime Minister is
asking of them. In short, he is setting his
sights too low.
The observer elaborated his diagnosis
to say that in the case of both the United
States and Great Britain the chief lack
is not willingness of the people to do what
needs to be done, but a voice to inspire and
arose them to the necessities of this hour
of trial in western civilization.
He echoed something one hears quite often
these edays-a contrast between President
A t The Or8pheum . . .
RIGOLETTO with Tito Gobbi
TITO GOBBI is a magnificent artist. When
he is present on the screen, power, con-
viction and drama are present too. His char-
acterizations have the depth and range of
his voice-a very considerable compliment.
In this presentation of the Verdi opera he
has made the complex character of Rigolet-
to, the hunchback jester, a clear and power-
ful one whose multiplicity of moods are giv-
en reason and consistency.
When he is not on the screen a competent
cast takes up the work with the respect it
deserves. What they achieve is less than we
have the right to expect. I believe we must
blame the production.-
The movie "plot" is simply filmed opera.
Opera stage sets are used (even to the cur-
tains before each act) and, instead of us-
ing sub-titles, the action is explained in
lengthy, written descriptions at the begin-
ning of each act. This keeps an American
audience apace with the generalities of
the story, but leaves many of the nuances
of action and expression complete mys-
teries. Some of the sets are so completely
removed from movie convention they cre-
ate unnecessary impediments to our "will-
ing suspension of disbelief."
Worst of all, Verdi's music is almost left
out of this this movie by the crude sound

Truman and Mr. Attlee, on one hand, and
on the other, their two magnetic predeces-
sors who rode the storm so magnificently
and aroused their own people and those of
our allies so effectively in the previous cri-
sis, the second World War.
THOSE TWO other figures - Winston
Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt-
were indeed, thunderers-bold, forceful, dy-
namic and very articulate. Though by heri-
tage not out of the plain people but rather
of the aristocratic tradition, they neverthe-
less struck an immediate response among
the plain people and stirred them to literally
super-human effort.
President Truman and Prime Minister
Attlee understand the people who make
up the bulk of their populations and those
of the rest of the world, and derive from
them a firm faith in those people who do
the world's work and fight its wars. They
know the aspirations of those people.
The problem we face today, is fundamen-
tally, that of people, and the understand-
ing by people of one nation of those of oth-
ers. Our task in this present emergency, for
example, is to get our people to see their
kinship with the people of Asia-the people,
not their current dictator rulers-and to
get those people to understand the aims of
our people which are not at all those of
a few among us who are noisy jingoists or,
who, in the past, have looked upon Asia
merely as a source of exploitation.
PRESIDENT TRUMAN understands that
problem. From time to time he has stat-
ed it, but too formally it would seem. He
would fill a need now lacking if he could
give it the native color and simplicity of
which he showed himself capable during his
campaign talks, and if he would do it both
in talking to our people and in talking to
the people of Asia over the heads of their
current rulers. He has been able to drama-
tize to our people the plain common sense
of developing our economy and resources so
that people can have jobs at good wages,
decent homes, schools, security in old age,
and the like-and all that through their
own industry and enterprise and by con-
stant pressure through their free political
institutions to curb the greedy and selfish.
In his National Press Club speech, Prime
Minister Attlee showed his understanding,
too, of that basic problem by pointing to
the terrible extremes of poverty in China
in which, he said, all sorts of dangerous
movements breed.
It's a lon-time n hlnm hf obu nnrlm._

XetteA' TO
The Daily welcomes communicat
general interest, and will publish all 1,
and in ood taste. Letters exceeding
libelous letters, and letters which for;
be condensed edited or withheld from
Movie Offering . .
To the Editor:
THIS IS to express the apologies
of the S.L. Cinema Guild for
some information on our posters
advertising this week's presenta-
tion of "Nais."
We had originally planned to
pair Charlie Chaplin's "One A.M."
with the feature, but when we
came out of the huddle with our
distributor we discovered a mixup
in the signals. With the clock tick-
ing away the week, we were forced
to call a new play in a hurry;
some excerpts, including the great
chase from W. C. Field's "The
Bank Dick."
We hope this proved a satis-
factory substitute.
' -Dick Kraus.
Laurels . .
To the Editor:
W E HOPE that when John Sar-
gent took off his bald spot
after the hero's role in Caesar and
Cleopatra he didn't take off his
laurels too. He is a hero in-his own
right and deserves two or three
more. (Laurels, not bald spots.)
It isn't often given to an audi-
ence to witness a performance
such as the one last Saturday
night, and it would hardly seem
right if such a triumph passed un-
noticed except by those present,
and whose applause filled Lydia
Mendelssohn long after the final
As a peasant reporting to pea-
sants I can contribute little tech-
nical criticism, but it does not
always take an artist to distin-
guish a first grader's finger-
painting from a da Vinci.
Whether fact or fiction, Sar-
gent's reputation has been steadi-
ly growing as one who actually
becomes the character whose part
he so painstakingly studies. One
gets the strong impression that he
is no longer acting. but living the
part, and in this instance, living
it with an enjoyment which draws
the audience to live every second
of it with him. Not a moment of
his action was unenjoyable. If the
rest of those present were affected
as I was, which seems to have
been the case, there were several
hundred Caesars in Ann Arbor
when the theater let out, and far
into the next day, most of them
were still struggling to keep from
lapsing into their boring old
This is not to cast asparagus on
a fine supporting cast (I will nev-
er forget lovable old Britannus),
but Sargent lent the play a touch
of greatness one sees once in a
lifetime on any stage, let alone
an amateur one.
On the way out I was surprised
to see the shade of G.B.S. in the
corner seat by the wall. There
was a distinct look of satisfaction
on his face.
Hoping to deflate the incor-
rigible old egotist I made some de-
preciating remark about the play
while passing. With the greatest
politeness he raised his beard
slightly and said, "I agree with
you young man, but what can
we two do against so many?"
What indeed? They were still
-Wym. Price, '49.

-I'll Take Care Of That take so much of the area of page
four of the Dec. 5th edition of the
DAILY as contained your letter,
and then divide same into ap-
proximately one million pieces
(the exact number is really un-
important) and, taking one piece
each day, in the course of time
even an intelligent person could
swallow same without regurgita-
ting (although, admittedly, swal-
lowing the paper does not neces-
sarily carry with it as an inci-
dent the consumption of your
thesis). However, since for some
reason, no doubt obscure to you,
' to wit, Korea, we are unable to
find sufficient time for the leng-
thy mastication necessary to con-
sume the tenets of such thesis,
we can sum up our immediate im-
pression, with all due deference
- to you as follows:
Your lack of perspicacity is
truly amazing.
-R. W. Porter, '52L
-E. E. Johnson, '52L
-W. B. Lynch, '52L
P.S. Since the sponsor of this
peace conference will, in the ear-
nest quest for peace, undoubtedly
schedule a repeat performance
(subtle humor on the world stage
is really very popular, you know),
we, for three, will gladly make a
J" substantial contribution to help
defray your expenses as Michi-
,,,wa gan's own representative, there-
by doing our part in establishing
something besides a Rose Bowl
football team to which Michigan-
ensians can point with pride; and,
T H E EDITOR feeling particularly expansive this
eve, we will even go so far as to
onsromtseadrs o apledgeour contributions for your
lettersim whichhIt ares signedb by the writer train fare beyond the actual situs
300 words inre ngth. defamatory or of the conference to that strong-
any reason are not in good taste will
publication at the discretion of the hold of world peace, Moscow,
from whence emanate the spirit
of peace, on earth, good will to-
Films & Art wards men.
To the Editor: Regressives .. .
To the Editor:
I overheard Friday night, I7e- STATES, and everywhere else,
cember 1, the four experimental face the awesome prospects of de-
films shown at Lane Hall needed struction, atomization, and un-
a more adequate review than Mr. desirable self-obliteration. The
Gottlieb gave them. Granted that reason for this crisis is the stupid,
it is difficult to put in so many blundering bureaucrats in Wash-
words an evaluation of such a ington D. C. and their devilish,
wealth and diversity of material high-handed tactics. These
as was presented, there is still no schmoos don't realize that it is
call to make. the completely of paramount importance for all
damning (though to some, com- people to exercise their right of
forting) statement that what was free bleats.
produced in the name of art is INSANITY WILL SHOW that
not art. we cannot win a war on the Asiatic
To answer the question "What mainland against the 450 million
is Art?" is to fall into a trap. Chinese men, women and burly
Aren't beauty of form, sound, and babes all under arms. We're hav-
movement more fitycriteria of t ing a tough enough time against
good styling than of any art? Art the 10 million North Koreans, all
is not always an attempt to rea- 10 million targets of Mad Doug
lize beauty. Rather one might say MacArthur's itchy trigger finger.
that are effectively expresses a So, why let the Chinese stab us in
segment of the culture. This ex- the back? Let's drop the A bomb
planation of art may also be full on ourselves-that'll end the war
of flaws and loopholes, but Picas- fast. Just think, no more worries
so, Grunewald, the sculptors of over such things as the next meal,
the romanesque cathedrals in war with Russian and taxes. Oh
southern France, and many others yes, how free we would be!
have given evidence of its basic NOW IS THE TIME, schmoos
truth. Even the so-called "univer- of America, to flood the White
sality of true art" is invalid, be -House wt etrdmnigi
ing subject to changingmodes th e withletters, demanding in
and forces throughout the entire"helly" that we suffer the flames
history and pre-history of artistic and perils of courageous atomiza-
development. tion. If we don't, somebody else
Certainly one film "Potted will take this problem out of our
Psam,"wa patiulaly evltighands, and we will have to fight
The scenario dealt with a syphi- (perish the thought) for our
litic youth in a decaying society rights to decide for oursels. Yes,
portraying the causes of his psy-'peopls odecaetake teses,
chologia evlpen n ta-people of America, take the easy
c hgical devel opment and trac- way out. WRITE Harry S. Tru-
mattehe results. Hdlins, it isuhman, White House, Washington
surprising that those responsible D. C., and tell him. "it's atomiza-
for the planning and execution of tion or bust' ,
the film should have chosen to Michigan,
maintain one. mood consistently Cal Patterson,
or that they should have used John Roberts,
only repitition to intensify the Steve True,
desolation. The film may not have Ulrich Koch,
been the very best in art, but it UobLiehbKoc,
maintained a unity and I'm sure Bob Lieblein,
was produced in all sincerity. William A. Gedris, Jr.,
Since this film presented a Jim MacMillan.
problem as much social as person- J a in

al, someone is bound to assume a Wa.Possibility.
dubious expression and ask: Then r
wasn't the film propagandistic? To the Editor:
Sure. But it's a good idea to re- [N VIEW OF the many recent
call at this point the recognizable recommendations that we en-
fact that anything one reads, sees, ter into total war at this time
or hears is propagandistic in that I think it is advisable to give
it excites or dulls his sensitivities some thought to what this will
in one direction or another. The mean. Perhaps many will say that
effectiveness of a single item of they have already done this but I
propaganda will depend on the think that it is pertinent to re-
person, his understanding and mark that all too frequently these
background. The most effective analyses are executed in an at-
propaganda, however, is the to- mosphere of proud and confident
tality of the small, inconspicuous patriotism which may tend to
things, repeated over and over, obscure some of the grim facts
which comprise the make-up of a we will be forced to face.
particular social environment. Let us first consider the ques-
The artist is sensitive and re- tion of our allies. If we enter into'
acts to his environment. He may total war at this time, they will
consider it his duty to remind so- be faced with two alternatives.
ciety of its neglected problems, or They might decide to join us in
he may just react unconsciously. which event the chances are great
But if he does not respond in some that they would be over run by
way to social conditions, he de- the Russian armies. Or they might
nies his sensitivity and is that try to maintain an air of neutral-
much less an artist. ity and hope that Russia will have
-Gordon Allen enough to keep her busy without
* attacking them. At present it
would appear that they prefer,
Digesio * the second choice. Thus we arrive
To the Editor: at the unpleasant possibility that
IN RE MYRON SHARPE and the we may have to fight this war
Warsaw Peace Conference: practically alone.
We suppose that if one were to What of fighting such a war?

Previously we have been faced
with opponents with closely-lim-
ited industrial economies; As, such
they were naturally vulnerable to
bombing and invasion tactics. In
the war we are now contemplat-
ing this will not be the case.
Clearly China cannot be said to
be an industrial nation. And al-
though Russia has to a certain
extent become industrialized, it
cannot be said with any honesty
that her main national strength
is yet centralized. But if we are
robbed of the advantage which
our potential air superiority might
bring, how -will the war be fought?
It would appear that the foot sol-
dier is the answer. We thus see
before us the unpleasant prospect
of meeting tremendous hordes of
determined foot soldiers on their
own ground. (Whatever else the
Communists may do to the peo-
ple they subjugate, they appear
to be able to make savage fight-
ers of them, as has been well dem-
onstrated in Korea) .We shall
need an army perhaps many times
the size of the one used in the last
. If the previous conjectures are
accepted it would appear inesca-
pable that we are faced with a
long and extremely expensive war
of attrition. And when it is final-
ly won we will necessarily have to
police and feed the tremendous
populations which we will have
conquered. Some might propose
that at that time we let the world
fend for itself. However it is clear
that we would not dare since tQ
do so would be an invitation for
the rest of the world to go Com-
I have not attempted to discuss
what this prolonged struggle
would do to our way of life.
But what solution is there? It
is probably too late to find a so-
lution to the question that would
appear to be academic. I have
written this letter not in an at-
tempt to set forth a solution but
rather in the belief that we should
face these difficulties before they
-William C. Meecham
Proposals . .
To the Editor:
chapter of the Young Progres-
sives of America endorsed the fol-
lowing proposals on the Korean
situation in letters to President
Truman and Warren Austin:
The American people face a
disastrous war with China which
would destroy countless American
lives and the lives of other inno-
cent people.
We demand that the atom bomb
not be used.
We demand a halt to hostilities
in Korea and peaceful negotiation
with the Korean people in order
to prevent the spreading of the
war and a use)ess sacrifice of
We urge that you participate in
a peace conference with the toP
representatives of France, Britain,
the USSR, and the Chinese Peo-
ples' Republic.
--Myron E. Sharpe,
Acting Chairman,
Young Progressives of
America, University of
Michigan Chapter.








Sixty-First Year
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t I




Hi, Mom. How do you do, Mrs. Shultz.
If you'll tell my Fairy
HelloGodfather what you want

Barnaby! Mrs. Shultz doesn't want
to hear a lot of nonsense about that
imaginary, pink-winged Pixie of
yours. Run along and play fill dinner.


_________________________________________ - I

She can't make up her
mind, Barnaby... That's '
putting if all off on .

t, Mr. O'Mialley--
u said you'd
nSe1 everAirm.


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