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December 01, 1950 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1950-12-01

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TIME FOR DECISION
See Page 4

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Latest Deadline in the State

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CLOUDY, SNOW FLURRIES

VOL. LXI, No. 57 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1950

EIGHT PAGES

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i

Attlee

ill eet

with

Truman

To Discuss Crisis

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British Chief
May Reach
p U.S. Sunday
Crucial Issues
Prompt Meeting
WASHINGTON-(M)-Presiden
Truman and Prime Minister Clem
ent Attlee of Britain will mee
here soon, probably this week-end
to discuss the Korean crisis in ax
emergency conference suddenly re
quested by Attlee.
A White House announcemeni
said Attlee wants to talk abou
the "Korean and other problems
Presumably these will' includ'
the question-of which much ha
been heard in Britain recently -
whether there is any chance o
negotiating with Russia to settle
crucial world issues and ease wide
spread fears of a great new war.
ATTLEE also wants to give the
President his views on the ques-
tion whether to use the atomic
bomb in the Korean fighting. The
British leader told the House o:
Commons today that such a de-
cision should not be made "with-
out fullest prior consultation" with
United Nations, members directly
concerned in the Korean struggle
against aggression.
Attlee broke the first news of
the conference in a speech in
Commons last night and his
announcement was greeted with
cheers.
Shortly afterward the Presi-
dent's press secretary, Charles
Ross, said at the White House:
"The Prime Minister is coming
over. He got in touch with the
President through the State De-
partment and indicated he would
like to come over soon to talk
about Korean and other problems."
THE MEETING was arranged
so suddenly that the exact time
of the conference was not im-
mediately determined but Ross
said he expects to learn today
when Attlee will arrive.
Attlee's aides said he needed
at least 48 hours to prepare for
the trip. He conceivably could
leave London tomorrow night
and arrive here Sunday.
Meantime it was announced in
London that Britain's Ambassador
to Moscow was heading home for
consultations. The U.S. Ambassa-
dor to the same capital, Alan G.
Kirk, is also leaving his post Mon-
day for a month's vacation and
consultations in Washington.
Senators Stall
Bill on Alaska
WASHINGTON -() - A snow
drift of opposition stalled the
Alaska statehood bill in the Sen-
ate yesterday and its sponsors were
t ready to give up.
After three days of treadmill
debate, Democratic leader Lucas
(Ill.) told the Senate: "It is very
clear there isn't going to be any
vote on the statehood bill."
He informed reporters that un-
less a voting agreement can be
reached by Monday he will with-
draw his motion to take up the
measure. And he indicated very
plainly that he foresees no such
agreement.
Senator O'Mahoney (D-'Wyo.),
floor manager for the bill, took a
similar view.
A companion bill to make Ha-
waii a state likewise appeared
doomed to die at the end of this)

session, when all legislation still
pending goes into the waste bas-
ket.
French Recapture
Indo-China Post

S * s S

EIGHTH ARMY BRACES-Striving to halt the Communist ad-
vance (A) the U.S. Eighth Army braced itself 30 miles north
of Pyongyang. At (B) more American troops averted a trap by
retreating over the Chongchon River. At (C), however, several
traps were snapped on U.S. Marines in the Changjin area.
Truman Says A-Bom~b
MaVy Be Used inKorea

WASHINGTON-(AP)-President
Truman said yesterday the Unit-
ed States will fight on in Korea
with every means at its disposal
- including the Atom Bomb if
necessary -- to keep Red aggres-
sion from spreading to American
shores.
With the exasperated air of a
man near the limit of patience,
* * * *
More Armed
Might .Asked
By President
WASHINGTON - (P) -- Presi-
dent Truman yesterday signalled
a swift and mighty buildup of
American military strength-more
A-bombs, men and weapons-and
his chief home front aide said all
elements of the civilian economy
will be "hurt."
Mr. Truman told his news con-
ference he will ask Congress im-
mediately for "large" funds to bol-
ster the Army, Navy and Air Force
and to speed the work of the
Atomic Energy Commission.
Chairman W. Stuart Symington
of the National Security Resources
board said the impending speedup
will mark a shift from "light gray"
to "dark gray" mobilization
Along with these developments,
the administration sent Congress a
bill to set up a supreme Civilian
Defense chief with unparalleled
powers in the event of enemy at-
tack.

Mr. Truman said this country has
made every possible effort to head,
off a third World War.
He said these efforts will con-
tinue and he hopes they will suc-
ceed.
)UT HE DECLARED in a for-
mal statement that "we are fight-
ing in Korea for our own national
security and survival," and he told
a tense, crowded news conference
every weapon that is needed will
be used.
That includes the Atom Bomb,
the President said crisply in an-
swer to a newsman's question.
And thus he touched off a flurry
of confusion that didn't end until
the White House, three hours la-
ter, issued a statement saying the
use of the bomb has not been
authorized so far and that the
President's comments "do not rep-
resent any change in thit situa-
tion."
* *
MR. TRUMAN said, and repeat-
ed, in answer to questions hurled
by some of the 208 reporters pres-
ent, that the use of the A-bomb
in Korea always has been under
active consideration.
Asked if the use of the bomb
would depend on United Nations
permission, the President said no,
he didn't mean that at all. He
said the military, commander in
the field-Gen. Douglas MacAr-
thur-will have charge of using
all weapons, as he always hasp
The White House statement
made it clear, however, that Mac-
Arthur has not been empowered
to use the A-bomb.

Soviets Veto
UN Demand
On Red China
Assembly To Get
ProblemShortly
LAKE SUCCESS-(A)-A Soviet
veto yesterday killed a six-power
demand in the Security Council
r the Chinese Communist troops
to withdraw from the Korean bat-
tle.
The Western powers are expect-
ed to press. for quick UN action
against the Chinese Reds in the
veto-free General Assembly un-
der U.S. Secretary of State Dean
Acheson's anti-aggression plan.
U.S. SOURCES .SAID the As-
sembly probably would be asked
to act on Monday.
There was some dispute among
UN officials whether the veto cast
yesterday by Jacob A. Malik was
Russia's 47th or 49th. Some au-
thorities said tht Malik cast three
separate vetoes by voting against
the two sections of the resolution,
and then voting against the en-
tire proposal. Others argue that
the vote against the measir as
a whole was the one that counted.
Before voting on the six-power
resolution, the Council reject-
ed a Soviet-sponsored Chinese
Communist demand for U.S.
troops to withdraw from Korea
and Formosa. Russia cast the
lone favorable vote. Nine were
against and India did not par-
ticipate.
Acheson's plan empowers the
General Assembly to recommend
that member nations contribute
fighting forces to halt aggression,
but it remained to be seen whe-
ther the Assembly would go that
far.
The 60-nation body might limit
its first action to at appeal to
the Chinese Reds to withdraw
from Korea or face world-wide
condemnation as aggressors.
MALIK CAST THE veto in the
Security Council after the Chin-
ese Communist representative Wu
Hsiu-Chuan bluntly told UN dele-
gate Warren R. Austin:
"I must tell you, your threats
do not frighten anyone."'
Wu referred to Austin's warn-
ing yesterday that the Chinese
risk a third world war in their
big Korean offensive.
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
SRINAGAR, Kashmir - Sinki-
ang province, China's "wild west"
province, is being converted into
a military bastion of Red China
and a source of strategic raw ma-
terials for Russian war industry,
according to information reach-
ing here.
WASHINGTON - The House
Ways and Means Committee
voted yesterday to increase cor-
poration taxes $3,400,000,000 a
year by an "excess profits" levy
reaching back to July 1, 1950,
and the bill may come up for
House passage next week.
GRAND RAPIDS-Senator Ar-
thur H. Vandenberg (R-Mich.), in
ill health for more than a a year,
reentered Butterworth Hospital,
last night for a "checkup."

LANSING -Concluding two
more days of hearings, Senator
Carleton F. Morris (R-Kalama-
zoo), Chairman of a Senate in-
vestigating committee, said yes-
terday he has already determined
that the Liquor Control Commis-
sion "is one of the worst Com-
misnion in th. stat-"

Big Steel Boosts Prices-
Following Pay Increase

PITTSBURGH-(A')-Steel wag-
es and prices went up yesterday.-
The big CIO United Steelwork-
ers accepted an average 16 cent
an hour pay increase for its 259,-
000 members working for the
United States Steel Corporation
and the Bethlehem Steel Corpora-
tion. Those are the. two biggest
steel producers in the nation.
* * *
BIG STEEL immediately boost-
ed prices about 5% per cent. The
Annual Galen
Fund Drive To
Start Today
Galens will man their stations
today as the 23rd annual Christ-
mas Drive gets under way.
The two-day tag drive has a
goal set at $5,000. This money is
used to support the Galen Shop
which operates the year around
and the annual Christmas Party
for the children confined in Uni-
versity Hospital.
THE GALEN DRIVE for con-
tributions is held once a year. The
funds obtained from the drive
are used in buying the toys, tools
and games that make up part of
the Shop equipment. Trained per-I
SEE PHOTO FEATURE
Page Six
sonnel are employed to help and
guide the children with the ac-
tivities in the Shop.
The Christmas Party is also
financed through the money re-
ceived from the Christmas
Drive. The Galens arrange for
a Santa Claus and plenty of
gifts, presents and candies fora
the hospitalized children.
The 24 members of Galens will
be posted at the busy intersectionst
equipped with bucket, posters andt
tags. Most of the men will be oni
duty from 8 a.m. to 11 p.m. today.t

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MOVING TIME-This is the village of Ellenton,S.C., one of four towns whose-residents will have
to be relocated in order to make room for the establishment of a huge atomic energy plant, to be
used for making hydrogen bomb materials. Ellenton, the largest of the four towns, has a popula-
tion of about 1,000. When most residents heard the news, they expressed the desire to "move some-
where together."

company said that would just
about cover the 125 million dollar-
annual increase in employment
costs.
There was no immediate no-
tice of what Bethlehem planned
to do about prices. But all the
nation's steel companies are ex-
pected to follow the lead set by
the bellwether U.S. Steel Com-
pany and match both the wage
increase and price advance.
The wage increase lifts pay of
U.S. Steel and Bethlehem em-
ployes to an average $1.88 an
hour.
BETHLEHEM signed an agree-
ment identical with U.S. steel's
pact in a brief negotiation session
which followed within a few hours
the steelworkers acceptance of the
U.S. Steel offer.
The new wages and prices will
take effect today.
The pay hike is the USW's first
since 1948. The price *increase is
the first since December of 1949.
Burton ell
Misses Note
A modern unfinished symphony
echoed through the campus area
yesterday.
The carillon in the Burton Me-
morial Tower varied its monoton-
ous time-marking melody by omit-
ting one essential note in its brief
quarter-hourly performance, ac-
cording to several reports.
OnegUniversity official attrib-
uted the unique composition to the
possible presence of ice on the
wires of the automatic mechanism
which could have jammed a clap-
per. He also said that snow might
have fallen on the rim of a bell
and deadened it.
A plant department official stat-
ed that he had no knowled of
the alleged mishap but intiated
that the carillon would be back to
its traditional, repetitive concert
today.

. Gov. Has
No Plans To
TakeOver.
LANSING-(P)--Lt. Gov.-Elect
William C. Vandenberg, who could
become Michigan's Acting Gover-
nor while the Kelly-Williams re-
count is untangled, has no truck
with talk of what he might do in
that position.
"I am not even thinking of
such a thing," he said yesterday.
MEANWHILE, the State Board
of Canvassers, which is conduct-
ing the recount, announced a par-
tial schedule on the beginning
dates for county-by-county re-
tabulations. The Washtenaw coun-
ty tabulation was slated to start
Dec. 5.
Vandenberg, a Republican,
dismissed as a "lot of hogwash"
an expressed fear of Democratic
Governor Williams that he
might "turn the state inside
out" during his problematical
period of temporary rule.
Secretary of State Fred M. Al-
ger, Jr., chairman of the Board of
Canvassers, replied formally ast
night to Williams' charges hat
the all-Republican board had re-
fused to certify him as governor
for political reasons.
Alger said Williams' talk on a
radio network last night was "de-
livered with such venom, inuendo,
implication of fraud and outright
lies that I feel the voters of Mich-
igan are entitled to have the
truth."
Volunteers Hunt
Kalamazoo Coed
KALAMAZOO - (N) - Hun-
dreds of volunteers searched the
snow-covered countryside around
Kalamazoo in vain yesterday for
some trace of a pretty Western
Michigan coed missing since Sun-
day.
Kalamazoo polite chief Howard
W. Hoyt expressed fear the girl,
Carolyn Drown, 18, "has been kid-
napped."

UN Forces
Group Near
Pyongyang i
GI's in NortheasL
Trapped by Reds
SEOUL-()--The bulk of the
110,000-man U.S. Eighth Army
yesterday set up a new defense
line in northwest Korea 30 miles
north of Pyongyang against pur-
suing Chinese Communists.
The last U.S. outfit, elements
of the 24th Infantry Division, had
eluded a trap 20 miles to the north
by pulling back across the icy
Chongchon River.
* * *
AN ABRUPT LULL in north-
west Korea .enabled Americans,
Turks, British and South Koreans
of the Eighth Army to organize a
new defense line running east and
west through Sunchon, 20 miles
south of the Changchon River.
Sunchon is -30 miles north of
Pyongyang, the former North
Korean capital.
One of the 14 Chinese divi-
sions in action in the Northwest
was observed by airmen moving
southward near Samso, 11 miles
north of Sunchon.
Escaping elements still were
moving south from the Chong-
chon. One, the Ninth Regiment
of the U.S. Second Division, had
to fight its way through a Com-
munist road block.
* * *
THE BRITISH Commonwealth
Middlesex Battalion battled Chin-
ese east of the escape road, help-
ing the Second's elements to move
south. Then the battalion pulled
-back to the new defense line.
The U.S. First Cavalry Di-
vision deployed north and east
of Sunchon, seeking to prevent
the Reds from turning that
flank of the new line. A Red
smash through that same east
flank last Saturday night at
Tokchon had. forced the Eighth
Army to retreat more than 40
miles.
Some cavalry elements, 18 miles
southeast of Sunchon, but still 30
miles from Pyongyang, reported
they were under Communist small
arms fire at Songehon, presum-
ably by guerrillas.
, * * *
IN NORTHEAST Korea, mean-
while, more thousands of Chinese
Reds snapped traps on U.S. sold-
iers and Marines in the Chang-
jn Reservoir are$. The Ameri-
cans fought back hard in efforts
to break out and to clear road
blocks on their main supply route.

'FAMILY' REDEFINED:
New Law Would Affect
Student Housing in City

If an amendment to the city
zoning ordinance now being con-
sidered by the City Council is made
law, many fraternities and sorori-
ties, as well as some co-op horses,
may find themselves zoned out of
the top residentialdistricts where
they are now located.
The revision under consideration
consists of a redefinition of the
term "family dwelling" to exclude
the above groups.
* * *
BOB VOGT, '51E, Interfraterni-
ty Council president, pointed out
that if the revision is passed, it
will not mean that houses already
located in the zoned areas will
have to move out. But no new.

However, until this time, frater-
nity, sorority and co-op groups
have been considered single fami-
lies and have been allowed in both
zones. If the redefinition proposal
is accepted, these houses will be
named as multiple dwellings and
thus not allowed in the "A" and
"AA" areas.
SEVERAL GROUPS had been
planning to move into or to build
new houses within the restricted
area, Vogt said. Beta Theta Pi fra-
ternity, for instance, may have to
alter their plans considerably for
a new house in a zoned area, ac-
cording to Jim Bremer, '51, house
president.

Maj. Gen. Edward M. Almond,
commander of the U.S. Tenth
Corps said the fresh Red drive
at the northeast front was pow-
eredby "probably eight to ten"'
divisions, including elements of
three Chinese armies.
This would be possibly 80,000
men, as a Chinese Communist di-
vision usually contains an esti-
mated 8,000.
The new smash from the frigid
north sent Chinese Reds swinging
behind parts of the U.S. Fifth and
Seventh Marine Regiments north-
west of the Changjin Reservoir.
Other Red troops set up road
blocks behind elements of the
First Marine Division.
Meanwhile, Washington an-
nounced yesterday that American
casualties in the Korean war had
mounted to 31,028. A single week's
combat added 1,032 to the list.
The Defense Department's sum-
mary of U.S. losses included all
casualties where the next of kin
had been notified through Nov. 24.

V

UNDERGROUND UPRISING:
GargWill Petition for Recognition

Gargoyle will attempt to end its
underground activities this se-
mester.
It plans to arise from its base-
ment quarters Dec. 15 to petition
the Board in Control of Student

"We feel the wonderful student
support we received for our out-
lawed issue entitles us to approach
the Board," he asserted. "We've
been planning to petition since
we saw how well we were received

Financial difficulties and lack of
student support were reasons giv-
en for the retraction.
DOWN, but not out, undaunted'

Tar' Ton Test

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