THE MICHIGAN DAILY
. a u nt 1 Y, .I U . iYi iC G8, i9;
Excess profits Tax
PAUSING momentarily from their tradi-
tional wage dispute, labor and manage-
ment are currently battling over the pro-
posed new excess profits tax.
While it is generally conceded by both
sides that our expenditures for the quasi-
war economy should be on a pay-as-we-go
basis, there has been considerable question
over how it should be financed.
Labor's argument has followed the gen-
eral line that the corporations which make
excess profits due to war expenditures
should help bear a large share of the
On the surface this appears to be a rather
fair 'nd logical solution, but there are several
points to consider, both political and econo-
Assuming that we are now faced with a
production race with Soviet Russia which
demands an increasing rate of productivity,
the excess profit tax strikes at a spot vital
to the increasing productivity of the nation.
1. Investors and speculators who base
their tendency to invest or not to invest
on the expected earnings of corporations
will be hesitant about placing money in a
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: CHUCK ELLIOTT
MOST OF US consider modern football
a fan's sport. Weekly, all over the na-
tion, huge stadi are filled with spectators
who want to see their teams in action.
The emphasis given to the game by the
various colleges and universities that sup-
port grid squads illustrates the result of
the popular appeal of the game.
But Saturday's game was not .a fan's
game. Nor was it a player's game, an
official's game nor a concessionaire's
In short, the game should not have been
played.' It should have been postponed to a
later date as were other games in the
East that would have been played under
A small percentage of the 83,000 ticket
buyers witnessed the game. The official
gate of 50,000 indicated the number of
tickets that were torn by the ticket takers.
Thousands of fans left the stadium within
a half-hour of game time. More than
30,000 ticket holders failed to take the
trip to Columbus. Few of these people
would have been inconvenienced by a date
switch any more than they were incon-
venienced by coming hundreds of miles
only to return without seeing the game.
The Michigan victory certainly has tem-
pered criticism of the failure of the officials
to cancel the contest. But people will long
look upon the game's results as inconclusive.
SATURDAY'S GAME should have proved
to conference officialdom that a wise
cancelling of a game is much more satisfying
than the type of struggle that was played.
In the future, weather factors should in-
fluence more than the betting odds. On days
when the nation is plagued by its worst
storm in years, officials should swallow
tradition, as was done in the East, and post-
pone a football game. The players then will
have a better chance to expend their best
abilities, the results will be more conclusive
and the fan, that all important ticket buyer,
will go home with a greater feeling of
business which may have a large part of
its profits taxed away by the government.
The resulting lack of capital for expan-
sion denies the hope of increased produc-
tivity. Even now, without the tax, the
shortage of investment capital is made
evident by the large amounts corporations
are borrowing from insurance companies.
2. Since 1946 many companies have been
plowing money back into their businesses
and only now are starting to show the
profits from these investments. An excess
profits tpx based on the 1946 to 1949 period
would hit these companies who are for the
first time showing a Profit, not as the result
of an expanding war economy, but from
previous investments in 1946.
3. Assuming the' law of supply and de-
mand is operating with a certain degree
of freedom, a company showing excess
profits is a company that needs to, ex-
pand its productivity. Because it cannot
meet the demand, the price level for its
goods is high enough to give the company
an excess profit. The proposed excess tax
would take away these abnormal profits
which ordinarily would be plowed back
into the business to increase the volume
of production and ultimately reduce the
price and profits to a more 'normal' level.
4. An excess profits tax would reduce the
efficiency of many corporations. Realizing
that if their corporation showed any excess
profit, it would be taxed away, businessmen
would lose the incentive to achieve the top
efficiency which is a big step toward making
a profit. This tolerated inefficiency would
aid in blocking the goal of higher produc-
AN ALTERNATIVE might be an across
the board corporation income tax. This
tax would catch all corporations equally, and
it is generally conceded that most corpora-
tions benefit directly or indirectly from an
increasing war economy. Also an increase in
personal income tax and a revival of luxury
taxes would aid in paying the bill for our
rising federal expenditures. To prevent the
big investors and owners of corporations
from reaping an unfair profit during a
period of national emergency, the income
tax must be highly progressive in order to
reach the profiteers in the upper brackets.
Taxes of this type would ease the infla-
tionary pressure of more dollars bidding
for the decreasing supply of civilian pro-
ducts. Such a policy would allow the cor-
porations to expand their facilities. With an
increasingly greater productivity we could
feel more secure against Russia and even-
tually look forward'to a higher standard of
living for all.
W ITH THE Christmas holidays only four
weeks away, students are casting some-
what premature glances at the University
calendar. And what they see they won't like,
since the calendar works to the disadvantage
of students over the Christmas season, just
as it did over Thanksgiving.
Most schools in this area will end
classes for the two-week holiday around
December 15, and re-open about January
3. But at Michigan, classes end on Decem-
ber 22, resuming January 8.
Two important disadvantages in such a
schedule should be pointed out:
1. Many students with long distances to
travel will arrive home just a day or two
before Christmas. This leaves students with
little time to finish pre-holiday business,
including their Yuletide shopping. And
should the weather be bad over the week-
end, some students with long distances to
travel may be deprived of being with their
families for the traditional Christmas get-
together, just as some were over Thanks-
2. Those students in need of extra fi-
nances to meet expenses will have a hard
time getting jobs over the vacation period.
Post offices, department stores, and other-
temporary job openings want student help
during the week before Christmas, and
not the two weeks after.
Since other schools get out a week earlier
than Michigan, and a limited number of
jobs are available, the calendar has put the
Michigan student at a distinct disadvantage.
And in at least some cases, this inability to'
find Christmas jobs may force some students
to cut down their contributions to the Phoe-
nix Project. In these instances, the Univer-
sity is defeating its own worthwhile purposes.
These and other defects in the present
calendar actually amount to a case of poor
public relations between the University
and the students, their parents and
friends. At a time when the University
needs and should get all the support it
can get in finances and er\llment, the
present calendar is doing little to foster
the necessary goodwill.
Any calendar arrangement that is far
from satisfactory to students and their fami-
lies cannot benefit the University. It is to
be hoped that the University will make
good its stated intentions to improve the
present poor calendar arrangement that still
exists in spite of continued student and
Wings Over Manchuria
DAILY OFFICIAL BULEI
XetteA TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest,'and willpublish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
(Continued from page 2)
further information and appoint-
ments for interviews please call
The William W. Cook Lectures
on American Institutions. Sixth
Series, "Democracy and the Eco-
nomic Challenge," Dr. ROBERT
MORRISON MacIVER, Lieber
Professor of Political Philo-
sophy and Sociology, Columbia
Second lecture, "The Rise of
Private Economic Power." 4:15
p.m., Tues., Nov. 28, Rackham Am-
Third lecture, "The Portent of
Karl Marx." 4:15 p.m., Wed., Nov.
29, Rackham Amphitheatre.
William L. Laurence, authority
on the Hydrogen Bomb and sci-
ence reporter on the N.Y. Times,
will discuss the bomb tomorrow at
8:30 p.m., Hill Auditorium, as the
fourth number on the Lecture
Course. Tickets are on sale today
and tomorrow atrthe Auditorium
Bacteriology Seminar: Wed.,
Nov. 29, 10 -a.m., Room 1520 E.
Medical Bldg. Speaker: Dr. Burton
L. Baker. Subject: "The Adrenal
Cortex in Relation to Disease."
Great Books I, Sec. 6: Hour
Test today at 11 a.m., Room 2054,
Natural Science Bldg.
Orientation Seminar in Matlie-
matics: Meeting, Wed., Nov. 29,
4 p.m., Room 3001, Angell Hall.
Mr. Osborn will speak on the
"Transcendence of e and pi."
.Mathematics Colloquium. Mr.
Daniel Resch will speak on "A
transformation theory of partial
differential equations" e at the
Mathematics Colloquium on Tues.,
Nov. 28, at 4:10 p.m. in Rm. 3011
Doctoral Examination for Fred
A. Beeler, Mathematics; thesis:
"A Study of the Variation in the
Moments of a Frequency Distribu-
tion Due to Grouping," Tues., Nov.
28, 3001 Angell Hall, 1:30 p.m.
'Chairman, C. C. Craig.
Geometry Seminar: Wed:, Nov.
29, 2 p.m., Room 3001, Angell Hall.
Mr. Leisenring will be the speaker.
Congregational, Disciple, Evan-
gelical and Reformed Guild: Tea
at the Guild Mouse, 4:30 to 5:45
Christian Science Organization:
Washington Merry-Go, Round
WITH DREW PEARSON
20 YEARS AGO
Zeta Phi Eta, "female debating society"
challenged Alpha Nu to a debate, Resolved:
"That the co-ed behaves like a human be-
After long discussion, it was decided that
the women would take the affirmative.
. * *s
THIRTY YEARS AGO
A POLL TAKEN among political science
students showed that The Daily and the
Saturday Evening Post were the two most
widely read periodicals for 453 students.
Those polled reported spending an average
of an hour and a half a day perusing the
pages of The Daily.
FORTY YEARS AGO
LOCAL CAFE advertised a complete tur-
key dinner for 50c It came with all the
usual trimmings, plus the added attraction
of dinner music provided by a six-piece or-
chestra. "Come and bring your mother,
sister, or sweetheart," it said.
50 YEARS AGO
Dr. William Mitchell, '78 donated what
was "probably the finest private collection
TWO SENATOR LODGES '
ARTHUR SWEETSER is one of the real
veterans of the struggle for world peace.
One of the original employees of the League.
of Nations in Geneva, Sweetser has spent
the last seven years with the United Nations
and now runs the U.N. office in Washington.
Sweetser was also one of Woodrow Wil-
son's aides in the fight to get the United
States to join the League of Nations-a
fight in which Wilson was defeated by a
band of "irreconeilables" led by Sen. Henry
Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts.
And the other day, as he sat at a U.N.
meeting in New York, Sweetser could not
keep back a couple of sentimental tears as
he listened to Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., also
of Massachusetts, grandson of Wilson's ene-
my, battling in a U.N. committee to obtain
more funds for the United Nations.
Afterward, Sweetser sat down and wrote
a note to young Lodge:
"I never thought I would live to see the
day," he said, "when Henry' Cabot Lodge
would be fighting for a world-peace organi-
zation. It proves that the world makes
progress and that we All learn from the
THE STAGE was set at the Pentagon the
other day for some dramatic, two-way
radio calls, opening the military amateur
radio system. This is a world-wide network
of ham radio operators, which the defense
department has organized for emergency
At the climax of the dedication ceremony,
Secretary for Air Finletter announced: "We
will now contact an airplane in flight over
the North Atlantic!"
Dials spun, tubes lit up, but all that came
over the loudspeaker was "Bleep, Bleep,
Clearing his throat uneasily, Finletter
tried again: "Now we will talk to Maj. Gen.
Lyman Whitten sitting at his desk at Fort
Pepperell in Newfoundland. Come in, Gen-
eral Whitten . ."
But all . that came in was "bleep, bleep,
bleep," then some static that sounded like
an ethereal razzberry razz.#
"That was certainly an interesting con-
versation," ad libbed Finletter. "That was
Armed Services Committee will be asked to
investigate why General MacArthur, a Re-
publican, made his sudden statement re-
garding Chinese troops just at the psycho-
logical moment before elections. (Democrats
estimate the MacArthur statement cost them
a million votes.) . . . Sen. Wayne Morse,
Oregon Republican, transformed his trailer
into a chicken coop and brought 21 fat hens
to Washington from Oregon with him .. .
The Viking Press is bidding $50,000 for the
memoirs of former Secretary of Defense
James Forrestal . . . President Truman is
hopping mad at most of the Democratic
National Committee as a result of the elec-
tion. He plans to reshuffle most of the
committee-except for Chairman Bill Boyle.
OREGON'S G.O.P. Sen. Wayne Morse was
given a surprise birthday party recently
on a plane 11,000 feet over Alaska. His two
traveling companions, Democratic Sen. Les-
ter Hunt of Wyoming and and G.O.P. Sen.
Leverett Saltonstall of Massachusetts, smug-
gled a birthday cake on board and produced
it at the strategic moment. Since Morse is
a teetotaler, they also served coffee.
However, Saltonstall noted they were fly-
ing at 11,000 feet altitude and warned she
Senator from Oregon:
"I am going to tell the Senate I saw you
plenty high on your birthday."
CAPITAL NEWS CAPSULES
LADY DIPLOMATS -a Madame minister
Perle Mesta put up a ga lant fight but she
lost. She's going to have be satisfied with'
being a plain "Minister" instead of a full-
fledged "Ambassador" to Luxembourg . .
Main reason Perle came back to Washing-
ton was to persuade the President to raise
her American legation to a full embassy.
Even though she's a close friend of Mr.
Truman's, he said no . . . meanwhile, the
other lady diplomat, Eugenie Anderson in
Denmark, will continue to reign supreme as
the only lady Ambassador in the United
States Diplomatic Corps.
NO AID FOR TIBET-U.S. Ambassador
Austin has privately advised El Salvador to
give up its campaign to get the United Na-
tions to resuce Tibet. The U.N., Austin said,
has enough trouble~in Korea without taking
on more headaches in the most mountainous
and inaccessible country in the world.
Greene House .
To the Editor:
SEASONED READERS of this
department will see at once
the magnitude of Greene House's
debt to John Masefield Marks,
who wrote most of "Our Hero."
They know that one letter to The
Daily is nothing, but wherever
two or three are gathered, there
is controversy - and controversy
(whatever the topic) approaches
We of Greene House are grate-
ful for even the slightest oppor-
tunity to focus more attention on
Greene's final "e" (for "excel-
lence"). The effect of the original
letter is increased - even in
Greene House - when others ap-
pear to resent it.
If the Poet Lariat pf the Fahr
West meant, in setting the cause
of poetry back some fifteen min-
utes, to call attention to a seem-
ing over-seriousness in the tone
of my first, letter, let him know
that there are still some who pre-
fer a sober style for the discussion
of questions that involve the
memories of distinguished gentle-
men and refer to two governing
t6odies of the University.
In a reply to Mr. Marks, how-
ever, it is admissable to refer to
The Daily's choink in the Phoenix
issue as the last (we hope) of a
long series of such choinks. We
felt that if The Daily could handle
"Physiologus," "Heliopolis," and
the complexities of fraternity
names, it should do better by
"Greene," just as it sternlyresists
what must, be an overwhelming
temptation to misspell "Texas."
-Robert T. Swartz
Another Miller . .
To the Editor:
MY FRIENDS are deserting mne;
roommate threatens to pile
my clothing and books on the
sidewalk. I have even received an
anonymous telephone call. Andl
all because there is another
George Miller on campus; in fact,
there are two besides myself, and
one of them hasn't identified him-
self completely in your column.
Seriously, however, Mr. Miller's
letter and his incomplete signa-
ture have caused me some embar-
rassment and inconvenience, andl
I would like to go on record now
as being in absolute opposition to
the views expressed in his two let-
ters. While I believe that Mr. Mill-
er has a right to whatever opin-
ions he wishes to call his own, and
a right to publicize those opinions
if he so chooses, I would greatly
appreciate it if in the future he'
would identify himself more com-
pletely, if only to save me the em-
barrassment and inconvenience of
being credited with a line of
thought so completely opposed to
-George D. Miller, Jr., '53L
Slosson Replies . .
To the Editor:
MR. MILLER'S reply to my let-
ter leaves me with a sort of
hopeless feeling. If the only road
Potsdam, etc.) vast concessions toj
Russia, which has gained more
territory from World War II than
all other nations put together. It
is time for Russia to make some
concessions, especially since, as
Mr. Miller admits, most of these
concessions are right in them-
For instance, quite apart from,
who wants the veto, it has become
apparent that a veto will prevent
the United Nations from ever be-
ing able to enforce world peace.
Again, quite apart from who
wants limitation of atom bombs
and other (equally important)
forms of armament, it is quite
apparent that no measure of dis-
armament will even bring confi-
dence and reassurance unless ac-
companied by most drastic inter-
national powers of inspection and
control. Neither the American nor
the Russian government would be
foolish enough to disarm if afraid
that another power was secretly
What Mr. Miller proposes as the
road to peace is simply the "road
to Munich." And that road did
not bring peace.
Greene House . . ,
BEFORE ANYONE asks John
David Marks what EastQuad
F ..___ .. .,_ ..
hos he lives in, et me point ouT
thatsthe question' would be dis-,
courteous. If he= lives in Greene
House (Green E ! Green ED, an
East Quadder will tell you; if he
doesn't, don't embarass him by
-John M. Morgan
To Promote Scientific
Brookhaven National Labora-
tory's request for declassification
of one of the four faces of its nu-
clear reactor should be approved
by the Atomic Energy Commission.
Security of secret information is
not involved in this case. What,
Brookhaven wants to do is to make
it possible for all university spien-
tists, whether or not their loyalty
has been investigated, to have a
chance to increase scientific know-
Testimonial meeting, 7:30
Upper Room, Lane Hall.
Chess Club: Meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
Room 3D, Union. /
Hiawatha Club: Meeting, 7:30
p.m., League. All students from
the Upper Peninsula are invited.
G r ad u at e Political Science
Round Table: 7:30 p.m., Rackham
Amphitheatre. Student panel-dis-
cussion: "The 1950 Elections-Re-
sults and their Significance." All
P&olitical Science graduate stu-
dents, their friends, and interest-
ed persons invited. Social hour
Pre-Dental Society: Meeting,
7:30 p.m., Room 3M, Union. Dr.
Phillip Jay will speak on "Fluorine
in Dentistry." All are welcome.
ledge. And that can be done be- -
cause it is physically possible to Pershing Rifles Marching So-
let scientists use the reactor at one ciety: Meeting, 7:30 p.m. Every-
face without letting them find out one appear promptly at the rifle
such secret matters as how the range in uniform.
controls work of the details of'con-
struction. U. of M. Women's Glee Club:
As matters now stand, anybody Rehearsal, Tues., Nov. 28, 4:10
who wants access to the atomic p.m.
furnace must obtain a Federal Bu-
reau of Investigation clearance. Electrical Engineering Dept. Re-
This process not only takes months search Discussion Group: Meeting,
-thereby effectively discouraging Rm. 2084, E. Engineering Bldg., 4
some scientists from taking the p.m. All graduate students, under-
trouble - but also occasionally graduates, and, faculty members
dredges up doubts about an indi- are invited. Prof. Jack F. Cline
vidual's past which can only be will discuss "A New Antenna Im-
cleared up through a prolonged pedance Measuring Instrument.".
and harrowing appeals process.
Giving any qualified individual Women of the University Fa-
access to one unrestricted face culty: Dinner meeting at the Lea-
would help the nation. It would gue, 6:15 p.m.
be a step toward enabling the
United States to have the benefit Gilbert & Sullivan:' Full chorus
of the work of all its scientific rehearsal, 8 p.m., League.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Jim Brown..........Managing Editor
Paul Brentlinger..........City Editor
Roma Lipsky .. ....Editorial Director
Dave Thomas............ Feature Editor
Janet Watts............Associate Editor
Nancy Bylan........... Associate Editor
James Gregory ........ Associate Editor
Bill Connolly...........S orts Editor
Bob Sandell..Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton... .. Associate Sports Editor
Barbara Jans.. W. Women's Editor
Pat Brownson Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff 1
Bob Daniels........Business Manager
Waiter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager
Paul Schaible..Advertising Manager
Bob Mersereau........Finance Manager
Carl Breitkreitz.... Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1 j
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The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited ta it or
otherwise . credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor. Michigan as second-class mail
Subscription during regular school
year: by carrier. $6.00; by mail, $7.00.
p.m., Room 3-G, Union. The Berg-
holz players will present Der fah-
rende Schuler aus dam Paradies.
'Ensian picture will be taken.
Students for Democratic Action
(ADA): Meeting, ':30 p.m., Rm.
3B, Union. Prof. Samuel Estep of
the Law School will speak on the
Constitutionality of 'the McCarran
S.R.A.: Council meeting, Lane
Hall, 5-7 p.m.
Square Dance Group; Lane
Hall, 7 p.m.
Westminster Guild: Tea and
Talk, Wed., Nov. 29, 4-6 p.m.,
Russel Parlor, First Presbyterian
Wesleyan Foundation: Do-Drop-
In at 4 p.m., Wed., Nov. 29. Spe-
cial weekly announcements for
the week 'will be made at 5 p.m.
Bible Study Group will meet in
the lounge, 7:15 p.m.
Senior Engineers: Mr. G. D.
Hobby, of the NationalTube Com-
pany, will conduct a Group Meet-
ing for Electrical, Industrial, Me-
chanical and Metallurgical, Engi-
neers on Wed., Nov. 29, in 348 W.
Engineering Bldg., at 5 p.m.
English Journal Club: Meeting,
East Conference Room, Rackham
Bldg., 8 p.m., Wed., Nov. 29. A
graduate student in psychology
will speak on Psychology and Lit-
erature. All graduate students in
English and psychology and oth-
ers interested are invited.
W.A.A. Square & Folk Dance
Club. Meeting, Waterman Gymna-
sium, 7:30-9:45 p.m., Wed., Nov.
29. All those interested are wel-
Michigan Arts Chorale: Regular
rehearsal, Wed., Nov. 29, 7 p.m.,
Lane Hall. All members must be
present. Concert Sat, night.
Ullr Ski Club: Organizational
meeting. New members invited.
Movies. Room 3-D, Union, Wed.,
Nov. 29, 7:30 p.m
American, Society of Civil Engi-
neers, student chapter: Meeting,
Wed., Nov. 29, 7 p.m., Room 3-G
Union. Mr. C. J. Kirchgessner, of
Grand Rapids, a representative
of the Portland Cement Associa-
tion, will talk on the use of pre-
Delta Sigma Pi: Business meet-
ing, Wed., Nov. 29, 7:30 p.m.,
Chapter House, 1212'Hill.
Generations Literary S t a f f
Meeting: Wed., Nov. 29, 7:30 p.m.,
first floor, Student Publications
Bldg. New -members and literary
"Caesar and Cleopatra,"a wise
and witty comedy by George Ber-
(Continued on Page 5)
to peace is for the United Nations brains, wich is not now the case
to accept all the demands of the by a long shot. It would stimulate.
Soviet Bloc there is sure to be a basic research, upon which all
war. No majority will let a minor- scientific progress depends. And it
ity, even an armed and threaten- would counteract somewhat the
ing minority, dictate all its poli- strangling effect of a blunderbuss
cies. For the sake of peace we loyalty program.
have already made (as at YaltaI -St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Wolverine Club: Meeting, 7:15
p.m., rec. room, Betsy Barbour.
Michigan Singers: Rehearsal, 4
p.m., Lane Hall.
Deutscher Verein: Meeting, 7:30
I guess it will be a kind of a
dull Christmas around here this
year, huh, Mr. O'Malley? If we
aren't going to get any money
The corrupting influence
of gold is well known-
To say nothing of the Income
Tqx problem...I shudder to
think of it. Particularly at
Christmas time-With all its
I shall give your parents the
greatest gift of all!-PEACE
of MIND! Your Fairy Godfather
will take over Christmas for
them! 1 shallI ninn *IfaeI rr'.nnnin