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November 22, 1950 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1950-11-22

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______________________________________________________________________________________________ I I

The Role of the Critic

AT.A TIME when war hysteria is sweeping
through both the pro-Russian and pro-
American political camps, it seems almost
impossible to find the once highly regarded
liberal who is willing to stand forth and
frankly criticize the errors of both great
world powers.
But from out of a meeting of revolu-
tionists attending the World Peace Con-
gress now being held in Warsaw, people
who are anxious about the protection of
civil liberties might find a champion for
their cause in the person of 0. J. Rogge.
As an active member of political groups
in this country that have constantly attack-
ed our foreign policy and emphasized in-
fringements of American civil liberties (such
as the Progressive party), Rogge has been
regarded by many Americans as a gullible
ex-liberal who went overboard for the Com-
munist propaganda line.
Michigan students probably remember
that Rogge appeared on the University cam-
pus last year in connection with the Demo-
cracy and Education Conference to discuss
academic freedom on the campus. And since
some of the 300 delegates attending the
conference had openly criticized the Ameri-
can Legion, the President, Congress, and
American foreign policy in general, the
whole conference was unfairly referred to in
a Detroit newspaper as revealing "a leftist
Following his appearance on the campus,
Rogge continued to attend and speak at
conferences held in this country and abroad
that were reported to be under Communist
sponsorship. And even when Rogge voiced
opposition last March to the Stockholm
peace appeal when it originated in the Swe-
dish capitol, Americans as a whole still did
not change their opinion that he had fallen
for the Communist line.
Then, only a few days ago, Rogge threw
the Communist-instigated Peace Congress
in Warsaw into a dither by stating that
the Cominform countries, and not the
United States, would resort to war so as to
accomplish the revolutionary goals of the
Kremlin. To add to his heresy, he again
refused to sign the Stockholm peace ap-
peal and openly approved American in-
tervention in Korea.
A stand such as Rogge took before those
3,500 delegates undoubtedly took courage.
One of the most difficult paths that any
liberal must be willing to tread is to freely
and frankly criticize the shortcomings of
Time Limit
LENfGTHY cooling-off period has tran-
spired since Student Legislators last
Week staked their collective necks on a plan
to give fraternities no more than six years
to rid themselves of bias clauses.
The tumult and the shouting has now
tapered off a bit, and the confusion has
Last week it was easy to understand the
hesitance and mental uncertainty of many
Legislators. So many seemingly valid argu-
aments against the six year time limit came
up on the floor of the SL meeting, and
fraternity representatives were so sincere
in their violent reaction to the proposal,
that no one could say, without qualification,
u who was right.
However, now that emotion has had time
to, give way to reason, it should be clear to
everyone that the Legislature's action is
to be commended. For SL's time limit plan is
the only plausible, workable approach for
effectively wiping from this campus, the
blight of methodical, constitutional dis-

Certainly the elimination of bias clauses
won't per se bring a screeching halt to dis-
crimination itself, but it will help clear the
way. And if local fraternity chapters sin-
cerely want to eradicate the clauses, they
should welcome the time limit as a valuable
expedient to that end.
Admittedly it is a high-pressure expedient.
But the pressure would not be directly
leveled at local chapters, nor is that its
intent. The chief targets of time limit pres-
sure, are the clause-favoring blocks in na-
tional conventions. Local chapters should
welcome the pressure as a means of subduing
these blocks.
Alone, University of Michigan chapters
would fail. But they will not be alone.
Even as SL spoke out so firmly last-week,
precisely similar action-right down to
a time limit of six years-was proposed
by the student government at Columbia
University. More schools will follow.
Within six years, the demand for removal
of the clauses should be so united that
few national fraternities would be able to
hold out.
But: the important thing at this time is
that a time limit be imposed. For it would
lead to action to drop the clauses which
would be vigorous and ultimately successful.
And the final result would be beneficial to
the honor and prestige of both the frater-
nities and the University community as a
whole. With this in mind, the Student Af-
fairs: Committee can take no course but to

America, but still refuse to compromise in-
tellectual honesty with the opposite extreme
of Communism that dangles promises of
quick reform before the liberal's zealous
Rogge's decision to bite the hand that was
feeding him political hypocrisy, and take a
firm, clear stand, has served in a notable
way to point out at least one fact: The
'hundreds (or thousands if there be that
many) of advocates of free speech and
thought who sincerely criticize American
foreign policy or internal affairs are not
necessarily pro-communists right down the
line. Instead, they comprise a valuable min-
ority that this nation cannot do without,
and which certainly must not be silenced
through irresponsible smear campaigns on
the part of self-styled 100 percenters such
as the American Legion, Senators Mundt,
Nixon and McCarthy.
By allowing, and even encouraging,
these independent thinkers to exercise
their indispensible function of criticism,
we accomplish three necessary objectives:
We prove to the rest of the world that
democracy in the U.S. is a real and exis-
tent thing; the deficiencies in the nation
are brought to the attention of a less
informed or politically-keen public by men,
who are sharp in detecting such deficien-
cies; and we furnish those who are hesi-
tating whether to embrace communism
or democracy as a philosophy wtih an
incentive to make the final decision for
democracy and freedom.
This is a far more potent and sensible
policy to follow, instead of depending on
anti-subversion laws foistered on this na-
tion during the heat of war hysteria and
political campaigning.
-Bob Solt

ONCE AGAIN the year's at autumn and
Thanksgiving Day has arrived.
This traditional American holiday
(which some of us who dare it will enjoy
at home), has a special warmth and glow
that can be attributed to more, than hot
roast turkey, steaming cornbread or red
glistening cranberries.
It has a kind of special meaning based on
a spirit which has filled the hearts of
Americans ever since that first day when
devout pilgrims gave thanks to God and
shared their tables with Indian guests.
More than 300 years have past since
that day but the original spirit of giving
thanks and of offering a neighbor a drum-
stick still exists. Man's ideas about God
have changed during the turbulent years.
His government too, has grown into some-
thing so far-reaching and complicated that
no one man can ever possess a clear, de-
tailed uTnderstanding of it.
But despite these outstanding changes,
despite more than three centuries of techni-
cal progress man has just as much trouble
getting along with his fellows as he ever
This fault of mankind has been branded
as ignorance, or just plain foolishness, and
has bred countless thousands of cynics who
keep the world in a constant turmoil.
And yet despite this cynicism, there is
still hope, striving and progress which wil
continue to exist just as long as the spirit
of Thanksgiving is preserved.
So Thanksgiving is a good day, not to be
scoffed at as being too filled with sentiment
or compassion. For it is partially through
this day that we keep alive the hope of all
-Robert Vaughn.


Thanksgiving Bird

zx I:


;y -:

- Libyan Independence
(For J. M. Roberts, Jr.)
TRIPOLI-Mussolini's former North African colony of Libia, once
a stamping ground of the ancient Romans, takes a big step
toward independence this Saturday,
A constituent assembly picked by Arab political leaders will,
convene to draw up a constitution and decide on a form of
Libia is the first new state to be formed from a former colony
with the United Nations standing by as midwife.
The U.N. Political Committee decided at Lake Success last
month a provisional government should be set up by next April 1.
Britain and France, now administering parts of Libia, are to
turn over authority progressively throughout next year. Jan. 1,
1952, is set as the deadline for full Libyan independence.
Then Libia is to be admitted as a U.N. member. U.N. technical
and financial assistance has been promised.
THERE HAVE BEEN complaints that Britain and France are lagging
in getting Libia ready for independence. It's a difficult job because
it's a poor country with only a marginal agricultural economy.
The Soviet Union charges that Britain and the United States,
are interested only in maintaining military bases here for Atlantic
Pact powers and protecting their Middle East oil interests.
France, which controls the Fezzan area of Libia, is reported
reluctant to see independence in Libia for fear the idea may spread
to other French colonies in the area.
Libia has three parts: the Fezzan, Tripolitania (800,000
people) and Cyrenaica (300,000). The British run Tripolitania.
They granted self-rule to Cyrenaica in June 1949.
Libia is spread over 68,000 square miles, as big an area as New
York, Pennsylvania, Texas, California, Washington and Oregon com-
bined. It's mostly desert except for an irrigated fringe along the
SOME NEIGHBORING ARAB states said members of the constituent
assembly should be elected by the people. Pelt, himself, was in
favor of the idea. But the U.N. Advisory Council ruled the territory
was not yet ready for an election.
Many observers believe that the first ruler of the new Libya
may be the Emir Sayed Mohammed Idriss Senussi, British recog-
nized ruler of Cyrenaica, who would then change his title from
Emir (prince) to King.
The Russians don't like that idea at all. They charge the British
would make him a puppet-just like King Abdullah' in Hashemite
Jordan, the Russians say.
The U.S. has an airforce base at Wheelus field near Tripoli,
used as a way point now for transport planes.
Britain has a small land force here, airfields at Castel Benito,
Benghazi and Tobruk, and a small naval base at Benghazi.
If the bases are to remain, some sort of agreement will have
to be reached with the new independent government. Russia has
demanded that British and American forces leave the country.

tf 4,

The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in goodtaste will
be condensed edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the

European Union
German Rearmament

WASHINGTON - Our European allies in
the North Atlantic Pact, beneficiaries of
our ECA program and military aid, have
seemingly been considerably perplexed by our
recent elections, particularly as to whether
they mean a return to "isolationism" by the
United States.
This is reflected in comment by their news-
They are being told that no such mean-
ing can be read into the election in the
old and generally understood sense of iso-
lationism, which is a correct diagnosis,
What the election seemed to mean is that
our people feel that, if we continue to help
Europe as we presumably. intend to do,
I then the European nations, themselves,
should show a greater disposition to help


along with it.

Architecture Auditorium
COLONEL CHABERT starring Raimu
with. Marie Bell, Aime Clariond.
A CLOSE motion picture reading of Honore
de Balzac's "Colonel Chabert" creates a
superb vehicle for the famed dramatic
power of Raimu.
Fine direction, pacing and imaginative
editing develop Raimu and Chabert to the
full; they become inseparable. The French
actor's usual Gallic whimsy and tragi-
clowning (the "Marius" trilogy and "The
Baker's Wife) are suppressed to inform the
sombre Chabert with the most authentic
film life.
Balzac's powerful theme concerns a man
who has outlived his time. On the literal
plot level the motif is loss of identity in
battle. Focus remains on the "uncorrupted
resurrected" who has died a death which
he cannot disprove, even with his life.
Symbolic manifestations open the cor-
ruptions of a whole society. Chabert is re-
jected by a society he helped to create under.
Napoleon, by a wife who has used his wealth
to climb one step higher in the rotting social
Neither Chabert's wife, once a prostitute,
now a countess, nor the society can afford to
be reminded of their humble, recent and
bloody beginnings. Because neither money,
power nor rank (even his own) can buy the
old soldier, he is-very simply-invincible.
Marie Bell's black-widow creation of the
arch countess and the unctious toadying
reality of her lawyer, played by Aime
Clariond, both of the Comedie Francaise,
form perfect foils to the immovable honor
of Chabert.
The background of the film is amazing-
ly rich in the detail of early 19th century
France, complete with smoky taverns,
teeming street life and Baroque manors.
Tension is continuously high, maintained
primarily through powerful empathy with
the protagonist.

In other words, we over here need some
assurance from them.
Something going on right now at Stras-
bourg is much in point. There proposals in
the European assembly to transform it into
a real parliament of Europe, an effective un-
ion on the order of the United States, are
encountering delay and obstruction, chiefly
from Great Britain, with which the Scandi-
navian countries and some representatives of
the Netherlands have joined.
SUCH A political union, long advocated,
would provide the medium not only for
defense; a pressing immediate problem, but
also would offer machinery by which many
other things might be done in the related
economic field, such as removing trade bar-
riers among individual nations, an action
still very much needed to restore Europe's
The ECA, itself, has made some progress
in its continuous campaign of persuasion to
free trade among European nations from
artificial obstacles. But there's still a long
way to go to break down the traditional
pattern of tariffs, exclusive market ar-
rangements and the like which tend to
promote monopoly control and perpetuate
the cartel system. While a cartel makes
business easier for established industrial
combines, some of which are tied in with
governments, it is not conductive to the
promotion of new enterprises and expan-
sion of trade. Because of its advantages to
some few powerful interests there is great
resistance to change. It has been the sys-
tem for so long that it is hard to get na-
tions and businessmen to think in new
To a degree the tariff restrictions of Euro-
pean nations one against another, or in com-
binations of nations against others, are com-
parable to similar restrictions of our colo-
nies one against another before our consti-
tution was adopted to create our federal un-
ion and eliminate such barriers among our
. >b
WE GOT that Job done so long ago that
it is hard for us to understand why it isn't
time, finally, for Europe to do it for herself.
As a matter of fact, no one act would so
reassure our people than creation of a real
European union, a sort of United States of
Europe, at long last.
It would help greatly to meet what-
ever problems were raised by our elections
and the question our people seemed to be
asking there. It also would create a more
sympathetic attitude among those who
now are pushing for a re-examination of
our European' aid program by Congress.
This is expected to come in some form or
other because of the obvious desire of our
people to know just what has been done,
how much has been accomplished by it,
and how much of the load the Europeans
can now be expected to carry for them-
selves. Creation of an effective. political
union is one thing that European nations
could do for themselves that would help
their situation.
Great Britain wants the European assem-
hl, ovun~nin oa rhin. nl .h h i

Gale Talk .,..
To the Editor:
ADVOCATING aggressive war-
fare is something we wouldn't.
expect from University officials,
but one Esson M. Gale, Director of
the University International Cen-
ter, made some of the most irre-
sponsible statements heard around
here in a long time.
Speaking in the best Hitlerian
style, and using such phrases as
"American prestige" and "Ameri-
can military genius," Gale wants
to bomb Eastern Siberia and
"lightly defended Russian posts
such as Vladisvostok."
"-Russia would still be a men-
ace, if the U.N. accepts inconclu-
sive peace-" Therefore Gale
draws the conclusion that we
must notallow victory to elude us
and we must continue to "salvage
the Pacific."
We suggest that Mr. Gale be in
the lead bomber on this holy mis-
sion, since in his words, this could
be done "with comparative ease."
The fact that Gale, former fi-
nancial advisor to Nationalist
China (now Formosa), is the di-
rector of the International Center
is very shocking. We wonder if he
is the best qualified man we can
find to represent the United States
to the foreign students.
In the future the University
should give more careful con-
sideration to the qualifications,
other than academic, of its repre-
-Dorothy Neiman,
Charles Tucker,
Al Lippitt.
Proposal .
To the Editor:
LAST MAY we wrote a letter to
The Daily setting forth an
idea for raising money for the
then still unborn Phoenix Project.
This plan was for the students to
take over all the leased conces-
sions at the six home football
games. The net income to be rea-
lized for this fall was estimated
at over $60,000. The plan was met
with approval by Dean Walters
and the head of the fund raising
committee. However when we
talked to Athletic Director Crisler
we were told that the concessions
had been leased ahead for the
The concessionaires realize fan-
tastic profits from the games. A
good related example is the Lions
Club of Ann Arbor which has a
very small booth outside the sta-
dium near gate 10. This organiza-
tion selling only coffee, hotdogs,
and pop realized a net profit in
the fall of '49zof over $2,400 for
six Saturdays work. Of course the
Lions Club is a very worthwhile
cause which may have attracted
some of its customers-but so is
our Phoenix Project a very out-
standing need. Thus we believe if
the student workers were to go
into the stadium the possibilities
for raising some real money for
the project would be tremendous.
If the 90,000 spectators were told
where the money was going sales
probably would be double that
normally sold.,
As solicitors for student contri-
butions we have already met the
familiar cry of some people "I

would be glad to pledge some
money if I had any." We believe
the sincerity of these students and
alumni can be met with the of-
fer "would you be willing to earn
your $30 pledge by working on the
concessions at the games. Un-
doubtedly the campus organiza-
tions would pitch in to help and
by some means of competition be-
tween them could make the plan
There are still 11 basketball
games this year which can serve

as experiments for the stadium
tames. Every basketball game has
over 7,000 spectators and there are the much-loved, greatly-missed
no concessionaires of any kind Dean Joseph A. Bursley in purest
to contend with. The University memory, they might better affix
has the facilities to buy the neces- it to something that The Daily
sary food items at wholesale prices will mention less frequently, and,
and many local merchants would with far greater solemnity, than
probably be glad to cooperate on it now mentions the WestnQuad.
extra services. For if the occasions are numer-
.The Phoenix Project is a very ous, and no better care is taken
wonderful and important under- with the spelling of "Bursley" than
taking. It thus seems that we the is taken with "Greene," the pur-
students should not let the major pose will be defeated and whole
contributions fall on the alumni generations of students will be in
but start some types of enterprises aoubt of his identity.
of our own. If, rejecting this, the Board of
-Ross Gunn, Grad. Governors and the Board of Re-
-Donald L. Prince, Grad. gents should adopt "Bursley Quad"
*r * * or "Bursley Hall" (which soundsl
Martinsville 7 . . . better) as a new name for the
West Quad, it might be wise for
To the Editor: them to supervise carefully The
'Daily's practice, so that it, "Greene
LAST WEDNESDAY a letter of House," and all similar appelations'
mine appeared in The Daily will serve effectively as memorials
in which I requested readers to to great Michigan men.
send their protests against the In any event, "Charles Ezra
legal lynching of the Martinsville Greene House" has been so estab-
Seven to Governor Battle of Vir- I lished as a memorial, and if Pro-
ginia. fessor Greene and his family chose
Fortunately, Governor Battle to spell their name with a final
has granted the seven a 60-day "e," it is not for The Daily, in
stay of execution, thus allowing spite of the Regents and the Board
the defense attorneys time in of Governors, through ignorance,
which to appeal to the U.S. Su- carelessness or irreverence to omit
preme Court. The indignant voices it.
of people all over the country and The men of this House are proud
all over the world undoubtedly of its name and its record. They
helped achieve this stay of execu- I believe The Daily ought to make
tion. amends, and furthermore, take all
The fight to free the Martins- necessary steps to insure better
ville Seven is not yet over, how- spelling, better type-setting and
ever. I hope the Editors of The better proofreading when, as in
Daily can keep you informed about this case, there is so much in a
the progress of the case. name.
-David R. Luce, Grad. Robert T. Swartz, '41,
Resident Adviser

Commission in which Washington
would have an automatic major-
3. An agreement on United
States terms? Why not an agree-
ment on Russia's terms.
4. If the Soviet block had the
majority the United States would
be forced to use the veto. Would
we allow the Soviet bloc to pass
measures unfavorable to us?
5. & 6. I agree with these,
though, why should Russia want
to contribute to a U. S. controlled
force which could be used against
7. The iron-curtain works both
ways. Try to get a pass-port to
an Eastern European country
through our state department if
you don't believe this.
8, 9. and 10. I agree with these
proposals, but Russia might with
as much moral right to inquire in-
to our "anti-Communist" persecu-
tions, our immigration restrictions,
our own subjugated minorities, dis-
crimination against Asiatics, Neg-
roes, Navajos, et al.
-George Miller

Invitation .

Greene House
* *

To the Editor: Reply To Slosson..
THE Cabinet of the Student Leg-
islature of the University of To the Editor:
Michigan accepts with pleasure the IN REPLY to Prof. Slossen's .ten
kind invitation of Mr. James acts of good faith Russia should
Brown for dinner under the con- perform, I submit that these points
dition that 10,000 votes are casta iculo nrealistic.Where
in toda's election.be in the areas touched on has the
-Pris Ball and the SL Cabinet United States exhibited the type
of action demanded by Prof. Slos-
Spelling . . . son?
To the Editor: i 1. The United Nations pro-
SUNDAY'S FEATURE "What's nouncement on Korea reflects 9
Up in the Dorms" asks "What's strictly United States view because
in a name?" and goes on to say: the majority of United Nation's
"The West Quad Council has ap- members are under economic obli-
proved a measure that recom- gations to the United States. The
mends changing the name of the Soviet bloc brands the United
West Quad to Bursley Quad in States as the aggressor in Korea.
honor of the late Dean Joseph A. We aid the South Koreans, why
Bursley." Sunday's Daily (page shouldn't the U.S.S.R. aid the
three, column five) also does vio- North Koreans?
lence to the name of the late 2. The United States sponsored
Charles Ezra Greene. This cir- Baruch proposal on controlling the
cumstance prompts a comment. A-bomb allows the U. S. to keep
If it is the purpose of the West its stock pile until Russia has
Quad innovators, and the powers agreed to surrender hers; to sur-
that will perhaps accept their sug- render the ownership of its peace
gestion, to preserve the name of I time atomic development to a UN

Sixty-First Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Jim Brown.............Managing Editor
Paul Brentlinger..........City Editor
Roma Lipsky. .... .Editorial Director
Dave Thomas.......... Feature Editor
Janet Watts............Associate Editor
Nancy Bylan.. ...,......Associate Editor
James Gregory.........Associate Editor
Bill Connolly..............Sports Editor
Bob Sandell.....Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton..Associate Sports Editor
Barbara Jans.........Women's Editor
Pat Brownson Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Bob Daniels.......... Business Manager
Waiter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager
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When the Goose didn't
lay a Golden Egg, my
Fairy Godfather got mad
and shooed her away- s

And then we found a
Golden Egg... Huh?-
t \

Well, it seems someone has relieved
me of a very unpleasant task... How
would you like to take a little ride
in the car?... To the butcher shop?-

Joh*! Done already! nerL
thought you'd get up thnethu
1 nerve to go through with it!




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