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November 07, 1950 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1950-11-07

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SOME :'42,000,000 voters are expected to go
to the polls today in a bi-election which
has suddenly been shoved into the back-
ground by the official entry of the Chinese
Communists into the Korean War. And yet
this critical situation may seriously affect
the outcome of the election and alter the
complexion of our government for the next
two years.
Two months ago the political prognos-
ticators were blandly asserting that Ameri-
can setbacks in South Korea would touch
off a strong reaction against the Demo-
cratic Administration and possibly sweep
the Republicans into power. The tide swept
in the opposite direction, however, with
the brilliant success of the United Nations
forces in pushing the North Koreans far
back of the 38th parallel. And now, with
the Far Eastern crisis once more upper-
most in the minds of the voters, the po-
litical pendulum may once more swing to-
wards the Republican camp.
No one can actually predict the peculiar
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

thought patterns which are generated by
the heterogenous mass of individuals com-
posing the American electorate. This was
proven conclusively in 1948. Nevertheless, it
seems entirely possible that the average citi-
zen mjy find some way to blame the entry
of the Chinese Communists directly on the
Truman Administration-and in the same
breath transfer the guilt further down the
line to the particular Democratic senatorial
or gubernatorial candidate in his state.
If the voting public does follow such a
course and allows the present crisis to
hoist the Republicans into power, the irony
of the situation should be apparent to eve-
ry thinking citizen. For at no time since
the end of the war have the Republican
strategists offered a workable solution to
the Far Eastern problem. Their major con-
tribution was to vociferously demand the
sending of arms and aid to Nationalist
China-a government thoroughly ridden
with corruption and graft. This was a far
cry from offering a sound program of
moral and economic relief designed to win
the faith and support of the Oriental peo-
ples and clean-up the medieval aristocra-
cies which have ruled the East for cen-
If the average American citizen allows
the Chinese hordes to sway his vote, he may
lose sight of the vital domestic issues which
confront him. He may forget that he must

decide whether a coalition of Southern Dem-
ocrats a d reactionary Republicans shall
be allowe to block much-needed social legis-
lation to end the flagrantly discriminatory
practices which exist in many areas of the
country. He may fail to indicate whether
this same group should be allowed to wave
the red herring and subvert Civil Rights
with their star chamber investigations and
their degrading accusations under the cloak
of Congressional immunity. He may not
decide whether we shall pay for our stepped
up defense production with increased taxes
now, or whether we shall sink deeper into
debt. He may forget to protest the spiraling
inflation which threatens to engulf the
country and demand: that tight controls be
applied immediately. And he may fail to
raise his voting voice against the small group
of profiteers who are accumulating ,huge
profits while American GI's are dying on
the battlefield.
While the voting citizen certainly should
not lose sight of the foreign issues-Ameri-
can Far Eastern policy, the European prob-
lem and the foreign aid programs - he
should not allow himself to forget the vital
domestic questions. He should elect candi-
dates-Republican or Democrat-who will
most effectually guide the nation's progress
and protect our rights. Let's hope that he
--Jim Brown

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}.L-:i':::{::;F::' ,:f:;.* :":i{' r~.}Xii->a il": ^S I> .;.r-
Xette'4 T THE DITO
Th 1alywloescmiatios ro it.radrson ater o
genralintres, ad wllpubishallleterswhih re ignd b th wrte
Citors. __

fore you wrote or else you don't
know how to live a gay life.
1. You complained about people
who hit you on the back. We go
along with you on this but there
are comparatively few of these of-
fenders, and certainly not enough
to write an article about.
2. We have asked forty people
not in possession of pom-poms
whether they were annoyed by
those around them who waved
theirs during a play. These people
felt that it was an overt action of
enthusiasm demonstrated only at
appropriate times.
3. We only wish that there were
more of your "Joe Blows". Did you
see the Michigan v. Michigan
State game? If you did, you wit-
nessed the difference between
spirit and lack of spirit. Even
with our recent pep rallies and
talks by such people as .Van Pa-
trick, we still need "Joe Blow" and
his cohorts to spread their ex-
huberance to those around them.
We need to let off steam once
in a while. Football games aren't
lectures so it seems unnatural to
snarl at a fan who, in a moment
of madness, happens to whisper
softly, "Come on team."
--Sue Adams and Jan Williams
** *
Tug Week...
To the Editor:

every other paper in the state men-
tions it, but my friend insists that
he remembers one and backs up
his argument with your little table.
Please help me to show him the
error of his ways.
-Roberto Valenzuela
(Editor's Note-The statistics were
erroneously recorded. The one pass
Michigan did complete was nullified
by a penalty on the play.)
'Iron Curtain' . . .\
To the Editor:
REPLYING to a recent letter cri-
ticizing reports of the New
York Times correspondent Harri-
son E. Salisbury and speaking of,
conditions in the so-called "iron
curtain counrties": I was in
Czechoslovakia this summer as an
observer to the Second World Con-
gress of the International Union
of Students.
1. I travelled through Czecho-
slovakiarwherever I pleased. I got
on a trolley car and went any-
where in Prague I wanted to. I
was not followed by the police.
2. As to butter, sugar and shoes
being "lifted from the markets of
all Iron Curtain countries": the
Czech people use butter and sugar
quite freely at all their meals. I
saw no one on the streets under-
nourished. The children, in fact,
were astonishingly well built and
hln lthln linr


FOR A democracy to operate effectively
people must take an interest in electing
the best men available to govern them. The
Congressional election in this district today
should indicate whether the people care
enough about democracy to open their eyes,
think for themselves and forget that their
granddads voted Republican.
John P. Dawson is so vastly superior to
George Meader as a candidate for Con-
gress that election of Meader could only
indicate that the voters of this district are
bound by irrational tradition and have no
intention of electing the best man for the
Dawson's experience as an educator, law-
yer, and State Department official, should
be reason enough to send him to Congress.
In addition, as an ECA administrator in
strife-ridden Greece Dawson gained invalu-
able insight into the methods and appeals
of Communism, which has pledged to con-
tinue combatting with ever-increasing vigor.
And since the containment of Communism
is currently this nation's foremost objective,
a man with Dawson's background is obvious-
ly the logical choice.
Also, unlike his opponent, Dawson has
not had to answer questions from his au-
diences by saying "I'm not familiar with
that particular problem." And this is Daw-
son's prime qualification. He is keenly
aware of practically every aspect of im-
portant public issues. This knowledge al-
lows him to make careful decisions on
each question or piece of legislation on the
basis of its merits, which cannot be said
for an alarming number of legislators.
By contrast, it is apparent that Meader's
position on issues is determined by a simple
formula: He is for everything anti-Commu-
nistic and against everything that would
increase governmental authority. Meader's
political thinking is limited to classifying
proposals into these two categories, without
regard for the welfare of the people, pre-
servation of civil liberties, and long range
foreign policies for maintaining peace.
Their differences in thinking can best be
illustrated by the reasons they give for
their respective positions on the McCarran
Communist Law. Dawson favors the de-
tention provisions of the law and has clear-
ly expressed his reasons for opposing many
sections of it.
"You might as well ask thieves to register
with the sheriff," he said, pointing out that
the law as it now stands, is so unworkable
as to be ineffective in combatting Commu-
nism, but dangerous in its possible effects
on loyal citizens.
Meader's reason for approving the law-
"I'm in favor of any law that will be rough
on Communists."
In today's era of confusion, contradiction
and crises it is essential that we have ra-
tional, clear minds in Congress. During the
next few years, which may well be the most
critical in America's history, it is more im-
portant than ever before that the nation's
leaders are the nation's most qualified citi-
zens, and that the voters choose on the
basis of individual qualifications, rather than
through blind party-ballotting. And the citi-
zens of this community can do nothing bet-
ter for themselves and the nation than to
elect a man as qualified and capable as John
P. Dawson.
-Paul Marx
Theatre Reflections
"No Exit"-There are millions the world
over just now who could argue from ex-
perience that the only old-fashioned fea-

Spotlight on Ohio

OHIO VOTERS today will decide one of
the decade's most interesting political
questions when they cast their ballots to
elect a United States Senator.
They must choose between Sen. Robert
A. Taft and state auditor Joseph T. Fer-
guson, and the contrast between the two
men could hardly _be more striking.
Sen. Taft has come to be the acknowledged
leader of the Republican party in the Sen-
ate. He has been a middle of the road or
even a right-wing Republican most of the
time He has been an isolationist for the
most part. He was, however, one of the few
Republicans who actively supported a,.fede-
ral aid to education bill and a federal hous-
ing bill.
Ferguson has been active in Ohio politics
for many years, being a very successful vote
getter. He has served as auditor of state
since 1937. As such, he generally watched
expenditures with an eagle eye in an effort
to save money, and to attract attention to
himself. In his campaign, he has indicated
that he will support the administration on
every issue. He has been especially bitter
against the Taft-Hartley law.
Sen. Taft is acknowledged to be one of
the best informed men in Washington.
His leadership ability has been unquestion-
ed; he has been able to persuade most of
the Republican senators to go along with
his judgment on major issues.
Ferguson, when asked about his views on
Formosa, supposedly said that he would carry
it by 25,000 votes. He has campaigned as
the common man, and has attempted to be

one of the boys by using simple speech and
occasional sloppy grammar.
He has failed to secure the endorsement
of Ohio's popular Democratic Governor
Frank J. Lausche, or that of Thomas Burke,
Democratic mayor of Cleveland.
His campaign has been almost wholly
managed by the labor unions, and he has
indicated that he will go down the line with
union recommendations should he be elected.
In short, the issue seems to be the choice
between a capable, intelligent, critical
leader of the opposition; and a rubber
stamp who will follow instructions.
Of course, there is much to be said in favor
of a rubber stamp if he follows the right
sort of directions. But there is much more
to be said in favor of electing senators who
can think effectively for themselves. The
opposition party can perform a very useful
fundtion in our government by alertly criti-
cizing the administration, and offering pro-
posals which it considers to be best for the
nation. The better its leadership, the better
it can perform this function.
There also is much to be said against
the sort of campaign which has been wag-
ed on behalf of Ferguson. It has largely
been one which has exploited Ferguson's
"common man" status, fiercely attacked
Taft, used speeches written by ghost writ-
ers, and indicated "Jumping Joe's" incli-
nation to follow instructions.
A consideration of this situation suggests
that Ohio voters would do well to return
Sen. Taft to the Senate in today's voting.
-Paul Brentlinger

W E WISH to express our sin- neaimy JB.111g.
cere thanks to those people 3. Concerning preparation for
who made Tug Week 1950, the war, my principal impression was
great success that it was. To those quite the contrary: no one can
in the cast of Soph Satire, all we go to Czechoslovakia without be-
can say is that you surpassed our ing deeply moved by the all-per-
every expectation. To those mem- vading sentiment that peace is
bers of the class of 1953, congratu- possible. Peace committees exist in
lations on your second victory, factories, professional societies,
and to the class of 1954, better students' organizations, farms and
luck next year. Also to those of many other areas of life. Prague
you who took part in the class is covered with posters bearing
rallies, we feel you have given to peace slogans.
your respective classes a sense of There is grave concern over such
unity which was vitally needed. statements as those of US Un er
Particular thanks must be ex- Secretary of the Navy Matthdws
pressed to the Chicago House calling for preventive war. People
lies and theirtug-o-wart the l constantly refer to the fact that
lies and the tug-of-war, to the hey suffered through a war, ev-
Sigma Phi Epsilon Marching Band eryone losing a relative or friend.
and the M-Club for their help on
the tug-of-war. To the pledge 4. Concerning morale. I made a
classes of Chi Psi and Phi Gamma point to speak to hundreds of
Delta, our thanks for an excellent Czechosolvakian people and ask
job of ushering. To the Michigan them their views about the govern-
Daily, the members of the Stu- ment and the five year plan. With-
dent Legislature for your support out exception, they showed the
and encouragement. Last, but not greatest admiration for both.
least, our thanks to those students 5. The question is raised why the
who attended the various func- "iron curtain" is referred to as
tions of Tug Week. We hope you "so-called." My own reason is that
enjoyed them as much as we en- far from being prevented from en-
joyed presenting them to you. tering Czechoslovakia by Soviet
Ned Miles and the soldiers, it was the American
Central Committee Counter Intelligence Corps which


Historic Parallel: 1798-1950

TODAY the voters of Michigan are to ap-
prove or reject an amendment to the
State constitution that will define and pun-
ish subversion; that will deny those accused
of subversion all guarantees under the State
Constitution. This, together with the Mc-
Carran "internal security" Act and the
resulting mass arrests of aliens, is strongly
reminiscent of legislation passed some hun-
dred and fifty years ago, generally referred
to as the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798.
At that time, almost pathologically hys-
terical bitterness was directed at France.
The French had many supporters in this
country, primarily the Republican party
of Thomas Jefferson, which was regarded
as an insidious and subversive fifth col-
umn, the Federalists. Indeed, in that day,
"Jacobinism" as an epithet was equivalent
in intent and efficacy to smear the victim
to "Communism" today.
Nominally the country was at peace. But
diplomatic relations with France had been
broken off, and the jingoist agitators were
beating the war drums throughout the land.
In this atmosphere of threatened war and
crisis the Federalists induced Congress to
pass the Sedition Act with the accompanying
Alien and Naturalization Acts, making the
first use by the United States of the im-
minence of war to pass laws limiting con-
stitutional liberties.
The Federalists, who had long smarted un-
der the acid criticisms of the Republicans
did not delude themselves that these laws
were primarily "internal security" measures
to be used only in case of war; primarily
they were political weapons. And it was
as political weapons they were used.
The worst of the alien laws vested power
in the President to deport all such aliens
as he found dangerous to the peace and
security of the United States, and, though
the law was never applied, hundreds of
immigrants gathered their property and
fled our land, fearful of the punitive con-
sequences of the measure were it ever to
be used against them.
Far more drastic and dangerous was the
Sedition Act which, punished seditious
speaking, writing, and publishing. It pro-
Abded that all individuals cnnvicted of conm-

a dead letter. First, by no means last, to be
convicted was the Republican Congressman
from Vermont, Matthew Lyon, whose "crime"
consisted of accusing President Adams of
continually grasping for power and having
a boundless thirst for ridiculous pomp and
foolish adulation.
The resulting popular revulsion, vividly
noted by John Bach McMaster in his "His-
tory of the People of the United States,"
might well be taken to heart by our legisla-
tors today. He said:
"Had the Federalist Congressmen as-
sembled in caucus and debated by what
means they could make themselves hated
.. .by what means they could turn thou-
sands of followers into bitter and inveter-
ate foes, they could not, by any possibility,
have found a means so efficient ... Their
faces were toward destruction. And from
the day the bill became law, the Federalist
party went steadily down to ruin."
The Republicans stood firm and in 1800
the Federalists were defeated decisively at.
the polls. Thomas Jefferson, who had con-
sistently taken the leading role in combat-
ing the laws, was elected President.
Immediately upon assuming office he par-
doned all persons convicted under these laws,
saying: "I consider that law to be anullity
as absolute an palpable as if Congress had
ordered us tofall down and worship a golden
Thus ended a shameful chapter in Ameri-
can history. And thus began the new, a chap-
ter in which, by and large, Constitutional
guarantees protected the people and Jeffer-
son could say:
"It there be any among us who wish to
dissolve this union or change its republi-
can form, let them stand as monuments
of the safety with which error of opinion
may be tolerated where reason is free to
combat it."
Perhaps the most conclusive legal affirma-
tion of this view was voiced in the Supreme
Court decision in the Milligan case directly
after the Civil War which ruled: "No doc-
trine is more pernicious than that any of
its (the Constitution's) great provisions can
be supended during any of the great exigen-
cies of government. That leads directly to

Colored Oleo ..-.
To the Editor:
THIS IS written to the Daily
readers who are eligible Michi-
gan voters. Let us consider Pro-
posal No. 4, the Referendum on the
Act to Permit the sale of colored
oleomargarine. The Ann Arbor
News (Thursday, Nov. 2) publish-
ed the pros and cons of the ques-.
tion on page one, but I would like
to add more weight to the side
which I consider the only liberal
and intelligent one. That is, to
vote YES-permitting oleomarga-
rine to be sold colored.
The proponents of this view, as
voiced by W. R. Keasey (Pres. of
the Retail Meat and Grocer's
Asso.), point to the fact that in
the 32 States permitting the sale
of colored margarine, the dairy in-
dustry is just as prosperous as in
Michigan. Another factor which
should be considered is the fact
that all oleomargarine is manu-
factured and packaged under strict
Federal Laws and the consumer
can be sure of getting pure food.
However, as Consumer Reports has
stated twice in the past year, but-
ter has been taken off the mar-
ket, after some quantities had been
sold, by the Food and Drug Ad-
ministration. In one case the but-
ter was disqualified because of'
foreign matter being present and
in the other, because of a deficient
amount of butter fat (80% is re-
quired by law).
In terms of quality and cost,
oleomargarine has proved a boon
to average housewives.
Even if you do not spend time
coloring margarine (as average
homemakers do), consider that to
vote NO or not at all, is to dis-
criminate against those of us who
see no logical reasons for the ban
to continue on colored margarine.
Let's all be at the polls next Tues-
day, voting YES on Proposal No.
--(Mrs.) Carla H. Kaatz ('49)
To the Editor:
Taft!" are neglecting one im-
portant factor. If Taft is not re-
elected Joe Ferguson will take his,
place as the senator from Ohio.
Granted that Taft has voted
incorrectly on many issues. But
what he has done he did honestly.
Taft is for what he thinks is best
for the country. He does not al-
ways do what is best but he tries
to do so. He is a man whose abil-
ity is almost universally acknow-
ledged, entirely upright and high-
ly intelligent.
Ferguson is an immensely like-
able and: unqualified candidate.
He pretends to be no more than a
minor politician, carefully repeat-

ing opinions written for him and
avoiding any debates with Taft.
He continually gives out with the
handshakes and the generalities.
Taft's education, background
and wealth have always been re-
sented by our neighbor's from'
Ohio. But certainly they could not
go so far as to vote in a man who
never strived to attain any of
Taft's more admirable traits.
Ferguson is for "what the far-
mer wants, what labor wants,
what the minority groups want."
In essence he is for anything that
will get him votes and if elected
will vote for anything the unions
tell him to vote for.
True, we are taking the better
of two pretty poor evils: an honest,
man often on the wrong track or
a small-time politician not even
on a track.sl
But let's notallow our dislike
for one candidate to force us to
vote for his opponent no matter
who or what he is. Heaven knows
Taft is not the ideal senator, but,
let no political party again get
away with electi.ng an unqualified
person because the opposing par-
ty's candidate was unpopular.
-Leah Marks
"* * *
Garg Sell-out ... 1
To the Editor:
HAVING JUST had a complete
sell-out on our first off-campus
Gargoyle, we bow our heads in
prayer and warble a lusty THANK
that we can say with absolute
honesty that without the marvel-
ous support given us by the news-
paper, this Garg might have been a
financial fiasco instead of the'
roaring success that it was.
With University financial aid
cut off, and without being able
to show our faces on campus, we'
had no way of getting our publica-
tion date before the student body.
In that and so many other ways,
The Daily really came through for
us. We're sorry that we can do 'no
more than thank you.
As for student support, it was
wonderful. Every Garg in town
was sold by three o'clock-in spite
of the fact that we were unable
to sell in traditional spots like the
Diag. and Angell Hall. We all sin-
cerely thank everyone who bought
Gargoyle and for those who at-
tempted to get copies after the
sell-out-we'll try to have enough
for everyone next time.
-Peg Nimz and
* * *

SL Funds .. .
To the Editor:
RE YOUR 2 column editorial on
a bookkeeping error that is
over 2 years old: didn't you know
that there is a school on campus
that teaches one to find such min-
or transfers of funds (between U
accounts) the day they happen--
and not over 730 days later --
surely the Daily has better news
and views other than those oc-
casioned by oversights and errors
by those students among us who
do find time to serve us (the op-
posite of confusing us) through
their extracurricular activities. If
you are in need of a job in June,
Jim, I know of a publisher who
has made a great success of Lulu
Parsons and Drew Winchell, those
great newspaper people, and he
will be glad to look at your mas-
terpiece as a job qualification. Do
you want the job, or do you think
it better to allow U auditors to
earn their money?
-Marvin L. Failer
SL Funds.*.
To the Editor:
IN A RECENT front page article,
and we use the term loosely,
Jim Brown lashes out at "the S.L.
merrily on its way spending the
funds which had been generously
donated etc." The rotters, the
blackguards, a nefarious combi-
nation of evil-doers . . . but, before
we continue the tirade, an, inter-
esting questionrcomes to mind ...
Wasn't Jim Brown a member ofj
that nefarious conspiracy of "mer-
ry spendthrifts" from December
1948-December 1949? . .. merely
an idle thought.
-Cal Klyman.
Statistics ..
To the Editor:
'N YOUR issue of Sunday, No-
vember 5, you published a table


held my delegation and me under
the custody of an MP for twelve
hours in the railroad station at
Linz, Austria.
6. Concerning invitations to peo-
ple to go to Russia "instead of
staying here where your safety and
security are guaranteed." I was
most dismayed when I returned, to
find that five people in my home
town where "safety and security
are guaranteed" hac4 been arrest-
ed for distributing peace petitions.
Finally, it is well known that one
of the basic tenets of democracy
is not to ask one's antagonists to
leave the country.
-Myron Sharpe, Grad.
* *~~n 3a~




Sixty-First Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Jim Brown.........Managing Editor
Paul Brentlinger......... .City Editor
Roma Lipsky........Editorial Director
Dave Thomas.......... .Feature Editor
Janet Watts.........Associate Editor
Nancy Bylan.. Associate Editor
James Gregory ........ Associate Editor
Bill Connolly............Sports Editor
Bol Sandell. Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton. Associate Sports Editor
Barbara Jans........Women's Editor
Pat Brownson Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Bob aniels..... ....Business Manager
Waterhapero Assoc. Business Manager
Paul Schaible..... Advertising Manager
Bob Mersereau ....... Finance Manager
Carl Breitkreitz....Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved
Entered at the Post' Office at Ann
Arbor. Michigan as second-class mail
Subscription during regular schoci
year: by carrier, $6.00; by mail, $7.00.




of statistics regarding the Illinois
Gay Life . . . ame. Just to settle an argument,
will you please acknowledge that
To the Editor: the statement included in it that
O NANCY TAYLOR, the "one Michigan completed one pass is
in every crowd." erroneous?
In response to your article in I realize that on the front page
Wednesday's Daily, "It's a gay you cleverly state that no Michi-
life," either you didn't think be- gan passes were complete, and that

What did 'you mean, McSnoyd, when
you said that goose was a treasure?-
Ain't you hoid
r watmi,,a ; fsa

You mean you're
going to eat it?
\ Notch !Stuffed a



McSnoyd! How plebian! Oyster
dressing might suffice for a
turkey... gut roast goose!...I
worked out an orange stuffing
for Escoffier that you will...

You're telling
ME, O'Malley?
Me. on exooit



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