THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1959
IN THE November 7 election, Michigan
voters will be asked to decide on an amend-
ment to the State Constitution which has
received little publicity outside of the ex-
treme left-wing press.
The amendment is known as Proposi-
sition 3 and would add a section to Arti-
cle 2-the bill of rights section-of the
Constitution of the State of Michigan.
The proposed addition reads:
"Subversion shall consist of any act, or ad-
vocacy of any act, intended to overthrow
the form of government of the United States
or the form of government of this State,
as established by this Constitution and as
guaranteed by Section 4 of Article 4 of the
Constitution of the United States of Ameri-
ca, by, force or violence or by any other
"Subversion is declared to be a crime
against the State punishable by any penalty
provided by law.
"Subversion shall constitute an abuse of the
rights secured by Section 4 of this article,
and the rights secured thereby shall not be
valid as a defense in any trial for subver-
. K. KELSEY of the Detroit News, one
of the most astute and balanced of the
nation's daily newspaper columnists, points
out that this proposal if approved, would
create a new crime called Subversion-a
crime unknown in Federal law. Mr. Kelsey
is not at all worried about the proposal,
however, as it is so obviously unconstitution-
al that the federal courts will make short
work of it.
It would seem, however, that the issue
involved goes somewhat deeper than this.
As can be seen, what this act does is to
make the mere advocacy of the forcible
overthrow of either the State or Federal gov-
ernment a crime against the State, punish-
able by any penalty the State decided to im-
Each day in this country one can find
any number of flagrant and punishable in-
stances of this "crime." The crank who in
a letter to the editor declares that the mem-
bers of Congress or the State Legislature
should be taken out and shot; the anarchist
who proposes a bomb-throwing party on
the lawn of the capitol and the amateur
fascist who makes a public plea for a horse
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: BOB KEITH
SEATTLE-What Artificial rain-making
can do to the far west staggers the ima-
gination. It can make this area bloom like a.
garden of Eden. It can throw Secretary of
Agriculture Brannan's crop program out of
balance. Or it could take rain away from
other areas and make them deserts.
A brief sample of what rain-making
can do occurred at Prosser, Wash., where
Leg Horrgian, a big wheat rancher, hired
Dr. Irving Frick, of the water resources
development board of Pasadena, Calif.,
to seed the clouds at the time his wheat
needed it most.
As a result, Horrigan's crop, previously
estimated at 8 to 10 bushels per acre, shot
up to 20 bushels per acre. His total yield
was increased by half a million bushels.
Scientific seeding of the clouds might
make unnecessary expensive irrigation pro-
jects, might raise the water level in the dry
central valley of California, might settle
the bitter water feud between California
and Arizona over the Colorado river. On the
other hand nobody knows yet whether tap-
ping the clouds over one area will take rain'
away from another. That's why farsighted
Sen. Clinton Anderson of New Mexico pro-
poses legislation to control rain-making.
Nine out of ten visitors at Lake Success
want to see Mrs. Roosevelt, but have
trouble asking for her committee by name
(Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Com-
mittee). Often they ask: "Is this the room
where they hold human relations?" . . .
A committee Chairman at Lake Success,
scanning his list of speakers, announced: "I
call now on the delegate of the Soviet Un-
ion and when he was finished speaking, all
the delegates on my list will have been ex-
hausted." . . . . The Soviets got a lot of
publicity when they walked out of various
UN agencies early this year. But they have
avoided publicity in their back-tracking.
Thus, few people outside UN are aware they
have returned to the Trusteeship Council
and the Economic and Social Council
jFleet Admiral Nimitz has completed a coun-
try-wide speaking tour for the United Na-
tions, and will leave the UN payroll at the
end of this month. A great fighting man, he
has now done a fine job for peace.
(Copyright, 1950, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
New Books at the Library
Brickhill, Paul, The Great Escape. New
York, W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. 1950.
Cary, Joyce, A Fearful Joy. New York,
and men to stage a march on Washington
-all would be guilty and liable to prosecu-
Now if any of these threats were real
dangers to our democratic institutions, so-
city would have a perfect right to act in
its own defense as it has in the Smith
act as currently interpreted by the courts.
But it seems pretty clear that the indi-
viduals in the preceding examples do not
constitute the "clear and present" danger
which Circuit Court of Appeals has recently
ruled must be present before freedom of
speech and action can be abridged.
Thus the proposal is clearly unconstitu-
tional in its scope and even more clearly
redundant in the special case of the Com-
munists, since their machinations have al-
ready been declared illegal under the Smith
If then, the amendment is unconstitution-
al, one may ask, does it make any practical
difference whether the voters approve it or
For those who have any remnants of
political idealism left to them and believe
sincerely that a sound and stable world
can emerge from the chaos of the present
one, it pretty clearly does.
For these people, the overriding question
is whether a society so beset by irrational
fears that it will glibly sell its birthright
down the river without stopping to even
consider what that birthright is, can have
much hope of ever aiding in the creation of
order and dignity in a choatic world, or for
that matter long survive the forces of chaos
It seems obvious that if there is any hope
at all for a free and peaceful world in this
country, we of the West must convince the
peoples of the earth that our democratic so-
ciety is a better form of social organization
than any other at the present time-an idea
which will be pretty difficult to sell if we
ourselves no longer have a democratic so-
Also to be considered is the purely prac-
tical question of whether a country whose
actions must bear some relation to public
opinion can deal effectively with the diffi-
cult international situation which now exists.
In Soviet Russia, we are dealing with a.
nation which does not have to worry about
the irrationality of its people. If the leaders
of Russia decide upon a course of action
all they have to do is notify their newspaper
editors, and public opinion, for practical
purposes, will change to fit the new situa-
In America and most of the West, how-
ever, public opinion is a force to be rec.
koned with, and the prevailing attitudes
of the public voters are mirrored to an
extent in governmental policy. It seems ob-
vious that we place ourselves at an im-
mediate disadvantage in our international
dealings if we are forced to take into con-
sideration irrational public fears and pre-
judices in the formulation of international,
As readers of Saturday's Daily know, Prof.
Slosson is. extremely concerned about the
reaction of the voters to the proposition,
and it is to be hoped that enough of the other
citizens of the State can also perceive the
danger which lies in this improper haste
to vote away their rights, that the amend-
ment will be -defeated.
Any other result would be, to say the least,
At The Michigan .. .
it Seems to Me]
By DON NUECHTERLEIN
ONE OF THE hottest issues of this year's
political campaign is Communism, and
some candidates apparently thinl; that he
who denounces the Communists most voci-
ferously will capture the nost votes.
Some office-seekers, in their zeal to
convince voters of their absolute oppo-
sition to Communism, have gone on rec-
ord as being against the teaching of
Communist principles in our universities
This strikes me as being absurd.
During my recent year as a student in
Denmark I encountered an entirely different
approach to this whole question of Com-
munist professors and Communist teachings
in, a university.
For example, there are at the Univer-
sity of Copenhagen at least five professors
who are avowed Communists and who are
among the most respected men in their
particular fields that one can find in
Furthermore, the whole issue of Commun-
ist teaching never comes up for questioning
simply because students take it for granted
that a knowledge of Marxian principles
and the development of these principles by
Lenin and Stalin is necessary for an under-
standing of the world in which we live.
Professors and students in Denmark, and
in most other European countries, discuss
openly the pros and cons of Communism
with no thought whatsoever of being ac-
cused of having Communist sympathies.
From this description many Americans,
at least some politicians, would conclude
that Denmark is a hornets' nest of Com-
munists and should be cut off from Marshall
Aid and excluded from the North Atlantic
Pact for security reasons.
However, the Danes have a much heal-
thier attitude toward this Communist
question than we Americans do.
, A Danish student explained it this way:
"We Danes don't persecute the Communists
in our university or government or any other
place simply because we think they have
a right to be Communists if they want to."
He continued: "We students are not taken
in by professors who believe in Communism
because we ourselves have a good know-
ledge of it and can therefore judge it cri-
tically and objectively. Furthermore, our
Communist professors are among the most
brilliant in their own fields, and it would be
a great loss to the university if they should
be compelled to resign."'
The same attitude prevails regarding
the Danish Communist Party which has
a small number of representatives in the
legislature. They are allowed to speak
and to harangue the other parties, just as
the Russians do in the United Nations.
But the Danish Communists are having
little effect on the voters because these peo-
ple know as well as anyone what the Com-
munists stand for. Proof of this is the fact
that the Danish Communists have lost
ground steadily in the elections since 1945.
Outlawing the Communist Party and
prohibiting Communist teachings on a
university campus is not the way to de-
feat Communism in this country. Laws
do not abolish ideas any more than the
prohibition law stopped the flow of whis-
key into this country.
What we need is more education and more
understanding of the issue of Communism;
in this case people will be able to judge for
themselves the merits and demerits of the
system and will not have to rely on the
campaign oratory of persons who probably
never read a word of Marx.
The American hysteria toward Com-
munism is, in my opinion, indicative of
the Immaturity of the American people
as regards their international thinking.
Lack of information is at the base of our
problem, and we certainly will not secure
accurate information if the "witch hunt-
ers" succeed in prohibiting the teaching
of Communist principles on university
The students at the University of Michi-
gan and elsewhere are the cream of Ameri-
can youth and will be the nation's leaders
in a few years. If these young men and wo-
men are not capable of learning about Com-
munism in the classroom and then forming
their own opinions, then they also will not
be capable of assuming leadership of the
nation in the years ahead.
ALONG-NEEDED SUGGESTION to open
some of the Union facilities to the tra-
ditionally unwelcome Michigan coed has
recently come from the Union Liaison Com-
If their plan gains the necessary approv-
al of the Union Board of Governors, it
would provide an orderly and useful in-
vasion of the now too sacred territory of
Inexpensive coed recreational facilities
such as the Union could offer, the cafeteria,
bowling alleys, and the billiard room, are
rare on our campus. Eating spots are usually
overcrowded. The only other University-
owned bowling alley is a small one located
in the Women's Athletic Building, and is
closed to men except on Friday nights. And
the league boasts one ping pong table.
Coeds would not overrun the Union if
this plan were to go into effect. The
rooms would be opened to women only at
specific times, and each coed would have
The Week's News
IN RETROSPECT ..
"But I only need 700 more."
* * * *
THIS WEEK was a quiet one on campus for most people; however,
SL campaigning got under way again, to produce a certain amount
of confusion. Petitions were the order of the day, as hopefuls renewedI
old friendships and attempted to make new ones.
* * * *
SL-The semiannual confusion of SL campaigning got healthily
underway this week, as about sixty hopefuls ventured out into the
arena. Petitions for SL, Board in Control of Student Publication,s
and J-Hop committee posts were vigorously flaunted around campus
in an effort to obtain sufficient signatures, and observers predicted
just as many leering campaign posters would decorate campus town,.
* r *s*
NEW DEAL-Close on the heels of the acquisition of thousands
of dollars worth of movie stock, the University this week announced1
another big financial transaction. This time some two hundred acres
of real estate were involved. The University's Stadium Hills golf course
was sold to the Ann Arbor Board of Education for $250,000, and will
be the site for a new high school. Another portion of the deal pro-
vided for the transfer of Wines Field, the present Ann Arbor High;
football field, to the University. It also gave the University an option
on the site of the present high school building.
0 * 0 0
TUG WEEK-But the way, this was Tug Week.
* * *0 *
QUICK SHIFT-A couple weeks ago, President Truman bump-,
tiously told the world that the United States was ready to fight Rus-
sian aggression anywhere on earth. This week Mr. Truman, as a local
political scientist put it, "shifted his emphasis." Speaking at a UN
birthday party, Truman called out for "foolproof" world disarma-
ment. He said the -U.S. policy of building up its strength was only a'
temporary scheme for keeping peace until genuine disarmament
comes. In line with his disarmament plea, Truman for the first time
urged the U.N. to combine its talks on atomic energy and conventional
This proposed merger of atomic and ordinary disarmament ne-
gotiations was something the Soviet Union has been trying to get
the United States to agree to for the past four years. Apparenly Presi-;
dent Truman has now decided to find out if the Russians are sincere.
MORE RESTRICTIONS-In a move to conserve building mate-
rials, the government prohibited construction of amusement facilities
such as theatres, night clubs, race tracks, golf courses, ski lodges, pool
halls and football stadiums.
* * * *
CRACKDOWN - Sen. McCarran's controversial Internal Se-
curity Act got a workout this week as the Justice Department started
to round up 86 persons described as-active alien Communists. Mean-
while, 'the Supreme Court agreed to rule on the validity of the 1940
Smith Act, under which Judge Harold Medina last year convicted 12
top Communists of conspiracy to overthrow the government by force.
The proceedings will start in December.
* * * *
Around the World ...
WESTERN EUROPE DEFENSE-General Dwight Eisenhower was
favorably nominated this week for the post of Supreme Commander
of Allied forces in Surope as the defense ministers of the 12-nation
North Atlantic Alliance met in Washington. The meeting, called to
formulate concrete plans for combined Western European defense
against Communist aggression, also prposed standardization of arms
among the 12 nations. Earlier in the week, the French parliament
approved a plan whereby they would accept German rearmament
only on the condition that it be included in a supranational European
army. However, French Premier Edouard Daladier despaired of the
plan's acceptance among other North Atlantic Pact nations. "German
rearmament is now a decided if not an accomplished fact," he said
TIBET-It was rumored this week that Communist Chinese troops
had invaded the remote theocracy of Tibet. Nobody seems to know yet
whether this action has actually taken place, but experts theorized
that it had not.
KOREA-Korean Red trops, reputedly bolstered by several
thousand Chinese Communist soldiers, made a desperate last ditch
stand along the Manchurian border. UN forces reported stiff resist-
ance throughout the snow-covered border area, as the Communists
fought to save power installations along the Lalu River. This was the
first evidence of real fighting since the Allies began their final push
toward the northern boundary.
FIVE YEARS-The 60 members of the United Nations paused this
week to reflect on the world organization's five turbulent years of
progress. It seemed to many that the UN had acquired a lasting
strength during those five years, so much so that future peace is a
real possibility if the world goes at it the right way.
-Chuck Elliott and Bob Keith
Iette TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
didn't think it fair that others
Advice * , ,shouldn't, and that the student
To the Editor: salesmen were disrupting traffic.
How silly! No student salesman
THIS IS a bit of advice to Daily except one selling University pro-
readers who after perusing grams could afford to pay seven
the p.? story in Friday's paper dollars for a license and hope to
under the heading of "U.S. Needs make any money on the deal. -As
Socialism Says Author" feel like far as tying up traffic is concern-
sending a clipping to the nearest ed, the fans walk in the street
Congressman: Don't. anyway-so what's the difference?
While Harry Laidler said most Bcsides, none of the program sell-
or all the things that appear in ers stand in the street except
I quotation marks, his emphasis lay those just in front of the stadium.
elsewhere, and I never found him Thus the action reeks strongly of
to be as outspoken as the lecture the University's unwillingness to
cover and the headline (and a stand a little corppetition.
30-bit is a tough one to write, let How about the city of Ann Ar-
me tell you) made him out to be. bor and the University giving the
His talk, as I understood it, was poor student a break? After all, he
on problems of cooperative and does play some role in this com-
public ownership, and most of it nunity.
was devoted to a reportage on -Leonard Sandweiss
business affairs in Great Britain. * * *
Far from advocating a whole- 'Light Up The Shy'
hog socialist economy, Laidler ac- Up
tually seems to be for a balance of To the Editor:
private, cooperative and state en-
terprises. This is known as pro- WE HAVE just come from "Light
gressive capitalism and is preach- Up The Sky." We think the
ed by many, including Henry Wal- polished, sophisticated play has
lace, who is not such a radical, af- admirable wit and timely humor.
ter all. We think the student players did
Laidler's thesis seemed to be a good job and deserve credit. We
that public interest must be the liked the set.
determinant of commercial policy. We think: 1) That Moss Hart
Big, centralized business was con- conveyed the message that actors
ceived as dangerous, and this dan- (particularly the female variety)
ger of' centralization remains if are human, with the footnote that
the government takes over. The producers can also cry, and 2) that
problem is to get democratic pro- a match applied to the furniture
cedure in public ownership, he and set would have made things
said. much too hot to handle!
The method by which large in- -Roselle Sparks '51
dustries are democratically and -Janet ZurSchmiede '54
efficiently run (the mining in- $ * .
dustry by the coal boards, for in- Discrimination
stance), was, I thought, one of the D . *
interesting points of the lecture. To the Editor:
Other prolems. discussed were
the proper selection of boards, the CONGRATULATIONS to the
question of prices, and labor-man- I.F.C. for a constructive step
agenent relations, as well as the toward attempting to combat pre-
alternatives to a profit incentive. judiced discrimination!
Voluntary cooperation is neces- In the spring of '49, when the
sary., Without that, a country Student Affairs Committee ap-
would soon be Russianized. Laidler proved the Student ,Legislature's
said he was impressed by the large motion refusing recognition of new
wholesale cooperatives in Glasgow groups which prohibited member-
and London, where everybody ship because of race, religion or
worked for service rather than color, there were loud screams of
profit. Democratic control has protest. Many said that what was
continued to prosper in Britain, needed was the "educational ap-
contrary to Mr. Bentley, while proach."
Russia, which nominally has many It's been a year and a half ...
of the same institutions, contin- If u fail ou'll have a lot of
ues to be a highly centralized and peoploa do',t understand ra-
arbitrary dictatorship. ternities breathing down your
-John Neufeld neck. Now, at least, you still have
a neck for them to breathe down.
Ten-Cent Programs .. . John S. Ryder
* * 0
To the Editor: Michigamu...
PETTY GIRL with
bert Cummings and a
BEAVER ISLAND, a
Joan Caufield, Ro-
dozen models. Also
Walt Disney Fea-
PURPORTING TO be the story of how
Esquire Magazine's biggest asset, artist
George Petty, became the man he is today,
"Petty" Girl describes itself, adequately and
accurately. There is plenty of cheesecake
and pretty girls, and for contrast there is
the usual portrait of a New England school
where all the professors (male and female)
look and act like they have been in hiber-
nation since Dewey took Manila. Joan Caul-
field, a prissy schoolmarm, the product of
the combined efforts of the hyper-modest
faculty falls madly, passionately in love
(against her will, naturally) with George
Petty, the man who really only wants to
draw pretty girl's legs, but who has been
persuaded that he should be a "long-hair"
While Petty attempts to persuade Caul-
field to emerge from her social cocoon, Caul-
field trys to persuade Petty he really wants
to paint legs. All this is a bit tenuous, so
Director Henry Levin exhumes all the old
slapstick burlesque routines which are good
for an occasional laugh, but for the most
part fall very flat. "Atmosphere" is injected
by the Hollywood edition of a neo-Bohemian
artist's hangout and a Burlesque show which
doesn't bear the slightest resemblance to
the real McCoy.
But there is one welcome diversion: a
thirty-five minute featurette called "Beaver
Valley" which makes the show worth the
money. Photographed in Technicolor in a
mountain valley in the Rockies are some
of the most unusual and spectacular wild
life shots ever recorded on film. It is a re-
freshing respite from the artificiality of so
SOMETIMES the University of
Michigan and the town of Ann
Arbor give me a pain! After read-
ing in The Daily about the re-
strictions imposed on students
who sell the dime football pro-
grams, I'm really aching.
Look at the situation involved.
The student is caught, financially,
coming and going. He pays exor-
bitant prices at the local book
stores. I say "exorbitant" because
I have compared the prices of
books sold in Ann Arbor and the
prices of the same books sold at
Wayne University in Detroit.
(The American Collegiate, Dict-
ionary, for example, sells for
around $3.50 at Wayne and ap-
proximately $6.00 here in Ann Ar-
bor.) The prices the student pays
for such items as clothes and food
in Ann Arbor are higher than
elsewhere. Rent is high here too.
Then, the University, having little
competition in the labor market,
employs its students at the rate of
seventy-five cents an hour to work
in the dorm kitchens or bus dish-
es. I don't believe that there are
many who will disagree when I say
that these wages are too low.
(Again I shall cite Wayne Uni-
versity. It pays its student employ-
ees working on the lunch line
eighty-nine cents an hour plus
nineteen cents an hour for lunch)
1 have borne all these conditions,
however, and have kept silent
about them. But, when the city
of Ann Arbor starts enforcing a
law to prevent students from try-
ing to help cover expenses for a
few hours on a Saturday after-
noon, it's just too much to swal-
low. And I suspect that the Uni-
versity is behind this action too.
It's athletic board has always re-
fused to disclose the line-up of the
games ahead of time in order to
stop students from printing pro-
grams, but now when the students
get the line-ups anyway, the Uni-
versity is resorting to more dras-
tic measures. I accuse the Univer-
sity for the following: The excuses
the police advanced were that
some football program salesman
complained that he had paid sev-
en dollars for a license and that he
To the Editor,
HEAP BIG Injuns gonna hold-
um nuther pow-wow?
Last year heap big Injuns hold-
um pow-wow, make-um heap big
racket, leave-um campus helluvum
Heap big Injuns gonna be like-
um heap big papooses again this
R. Chetney Robertson, Grad.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board In Control of
Jim Brown............Managing Editor
Paul Brentlinger.........City Editor
Roma Lipsky ......... Editorial Director
Dave Thomasa......Feature Editor
Janet Watts............Associate Editor
Nancy Bylan..... . Associate Editor
James Gregory........Associate Editor
Bill Connolly...........Sports Editor
Bob Sandell..Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton. Associate Sports Editor
Barbara Jans........Women's Editor
Pat Brownson Associate Women's Editor
Bob Daniels ......... Business Manager
Walter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager
Paul Schaible..Advertising Manager
Bob Mersereau......Finance Manager
Carl Breitkreitz.... Circulation Manager
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You're sure that crate
is tied on tightly? It
won't fall off, will it?
-Busted wide open lackmor/
when it fell off-
E4 n - d----- :
Want us to help you)
catch her, Mister?-