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October 24, 1950 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1950-10-24

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UNITED NATIONS
ANNIVERSARY
See Page 4

Y

Latest Deadline in the State

743
att]y

PARTLY CLOUDY, WARMER

VOL. LXI, No. 25 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN TUESDAY, OCTOBER 24, 1950

SIX PAGES

Active Alien
Face Arrest
Surprise Move
{Nabs Leaders
WASHINGTON-(A)-The, Jus-
tice Department 'yesterday an-
nounced. a swift crackdown on 86
persons tabbed as active alien
Communists.
A coast-to-coast roundup netted.
nearly a score of them in the first
stages.
These aliens, described by offi-
cials as having carried on Commu-
nist propaganda work, were mark-
ed for detention and possible de-
portation.

The Power to Control

Advancing
Strike NeN

South Koreans
rer Manchuria

L-

FBI AGENTS and United States
immigration officials were report-
ed on the track of those not yet
picked up.
Some of the arrests were made
before dawn yesterday. Others
were seized in half a dozen cities
during the day.
The Justice Department said the
ten "most important" aliens in the
group were taken in first. Later,
the Department announced the
names of five others caught in the
net, and federal authorities else-
where reported further arrests.
All were seized under the 1950
Internal Security Act-the so-call-
ed "Communist. control" law -
which Congress passed over. Presi-
dent Truman's veto.
*. s
AS THE roundup continued,
President Truman acted to put,
teeth into the new anti-subversives
law by setting up machinery need-
ed for enforcement.
At the same time, a Wa hing-
ton attorney, Ralph A. Powe,
sought an injunction in United
States District Court to halt en-
forcemen$ of the new act.
Powe said he represented 107
Individuals living in 32 states. He
Schallenged the law as unconsti-
tutional:'
District Judge F. Dickinson Letts
ruled that the street addresses of
the 107 petitioners would have to
be listed before the petition could
be accepted.
POWE said he would get them
and file the petition-possibly set-
ting up the first court test of the
new law-within three days.
President Truman appointed a
five-man Communist c o n t r o 1
board, headed ;by Seth W. Rich-
ardson, to determine what organi-
- zations and individuals are subject
to provisions of the statue.
Among its major features, the
anti-subversives law requires
Communists and Communist
i front organizations to register
with the United States Attorney
General or face penalties up to
$10,000 or five years in jail, or
both.
Under the law, today was R-day
--the last day for American Com-
mluists to register voluntarily.
All signs indicated that the Par-
ty and its members intended to
ignore, the law and see what the
government would do about it.
Some federal officials have esti-
mated it would take three or four
years to thrash out the constitu-
tionality of the law in the courts.
Officials emphasized that 'al-
though the drive was launched un-
i der provisions of the anti-subver-
sives ,law, it is entirely separate

-Courtesy UN Headquarters
UNITED NATIONS' POWER LOCKS ATOMIC WORLD
* * * *
UN To Celebrate
Anniversary Today

Five Historic
Years Recalled
Efy WENDY OWEN
Five-candle birthday cakes will
illumine a world-wide celebration
of the United Nation's fifth anni-
versary today.
Symbolically enough, each can-
dle can represent one field of ac-
complishment for the internation-
al organization.
THE UN has settled instances of
armed aggression, supplied food
to hungry Europeans, prepared a
Declaration of Human Rights,
found a possible way of circum-
venting the veto power, and or-
ganized numerous research com-.
missions dedicated to the better-
ment of mankind.
Criticized sharply in 1945 for
its lack of enforcement power,
the UN has demonstrated its
military strength in the Korean
campaign, the power of its
cease-fire orders in Palestine,
Indonesia and Kashmir, and set-
tled administrative disputes in
Iran, Greece, 'Berlin and Syria-
Lebanon.
By 1946 the UN had established
UNRRA, the Relief and Rehabili-
tation Commission whose contri-
butions to' the stomachs and kit-
chens of the war-torn countries
were measured in millions of dol-
lars.
In" 1947 subsidized grain and
vegetables were 'being harvested
in such quantities that UNRRA
contributions of seedeand money
were beginning 'to decline.
SOCIOLOGISTS, political sci-
entists, and assorted humanists
have focked to the UN Commis-
sions set up to investigate cultural
aspects of all the United Nations.
Offered backing by international
sanction, they have been able to
compile population statistics, in-
vestigate educational methods and
institutions, and check world
health problems.
The United States recently pro-
posed that a two-thirds majority
vote in the Assembly control the
use of UN armed forces. This
would result in lessening the pow-
er of the veto, and giving the Gen-
eral Assembly much more power.
Five years ago, the Charter was
signed in San Francisco, and now,
with instantaneous translation
and established diplomatic proce-
dures and purposes, many experts
hopefully predict a powerful Unit-
ed Nations.
s *

Freedom Bell-
Rings for UN'
By DONNA HENDLEMAN
Today, five years after the
founding of the United Nations,
solemn proclamations 'will mark
the anniversary of the world or-
ganization.
The keynote will. be sounded by
President Truman in a speech be-
fore the UN General Assembly at
Flushing Meadow, New York. Im-
mediately following his speech, the
"Freedom Bell" will ring out in
the tower of the city hall in West
NEW YORK-(JP)-President
Truman's address to the United
Nations General Assembly to-
morrow will be carried on all
radio and television networks.
The speech is scheduled to
begin at 11:30 a.m., EST.
Berlin, and its pealing will be cop-
ied by bells all over the world. At
noon, the chimes of Burton Me-
morial Tower will be heard' here
as the University adds its voice to
the general recognition.
ENSHRINED in the "Freedom
Bell" are the Crusade for Freedom
Scrolls which circulated through-
out the United States, including
the University campus during the
past few weeks. General Lucius D.
Clay, U.S. chairman of the Cru-
sade for Freedom drive, will make
the formal dedication of the bell
in Berlin.*
There seems to be more cause
for celebration on this UN birth-
day than any since its founding,-
for, according to several Univer-
sity professors, the world organ-
ization is in a more powerful po-
sition now than ever before.
Prof. Lawrence Preuss, of the
political science department, Prof.
Robert Angell, chairman of the
sociology department, and Prof.
W. Clark Trow of the School of
Education all agreed that the
Korean crisis has provided a test
of United Nations strength which
it has met with unexpectedly af-
fective action.
"The UN has shown a vitality
hardly expected," Prof. Preuss
said, "but it must be remembered
that the temporary absence of
the USSR from the Security
Council provided its ability to
take action on Korea."
And Prof. Angell termed Rus-
sia's absence "luck." "Neverthe-

High Court
To Review
Red Trials
Validity of Smith
Act To Be Tested
WASHINGTON -(P)- The Su-
preme Court agreed yesterday to
rule on the cases of 11 top Com-
munist leaders convicted in New
York of conspiracy to overthrow
the government by force.
THE HIGH tribunal specified
that the review be limited to va-
lidity of the 1940 Smith Act un-
der which the Red leaders were
convicted. That act makes it a
crime to advocate or teach over-
throw of the government by force
and violence.
By limiting the points to be
reviewed, the court threw out a
long list of complaints raised by
t h e Communists concerning
their trial. These included
charges that trial judge Harold
R. Medina showed "extreme hos-
tility" to them, and allegations
that the jury was not properly
selected
Arguments on the appeal were
set for December 4.
IN OTHER decisions today the
Supreme Court:
1. By a 4 to 4 vote affirmed a
lower court ruling that Congress
may provide punishment for all
persons who 'advise young men to
refuse to register under the draft
laws, even though the advice is
based on religious beliefs. The ac-
tion upheld an 18-month prison
sentence given a Quaker teacher
who told one of his students in
Ohio to stand his ground in refus-
ing to sign a draft card.
2. Agreed to rule whether states
may prohibit strikes by employes
of public utility companies. In the
case before the court the CIO
United Gas, Coke and Chemical
workers are seeking to have Wis-
consin's public utility anti-strike
law declared invalid. Ten other
states have similar laws.
3. Denied review in two cases
growing out of Maryland's anti-
subversive statute known as the
Ober law. Both cases involved
whether candidates for public of-
fice must sign a special state loyal-
ty oath.
U.S. Assailed
By Vishinsky
LAKE SUCCESS-()-Russia's
Andrei Y. Vishinsky warned yes-
terday that "two parties," not just
the United States, can set off the
atomic bomb.
He accused President Truman of
advocating the old Hitler policy of
"guns instead of butter."
The Soviet Foreign Minister as-
sailed President Truman's foreign
policy in a two-hour speech before
the 60-nation Political Committee
of the UN Assembly. It came about
24 hours before the President is
slated to address the UN Assembly
Vishinsky is to be one of the UN
dignitaries greeting the American
chief executive.
Calling once more for peace and
for absolute prohibition of the
atomic bomb, Vishinsky said:
"This weapon is available not only
to one party but also to the op-
posing party. One cannot say,
therefore, that its use will depend

on the strategic plans of the one
who attacks first.'

SL Announces Deadline
On Nominating Petitionrs

Nominating petitions for this
fall's campus election will not be
issued after Friday, James Storrie,
'51, Student Legislature Citizen-
ship Chairman, announced yester-
fday.
27 seats on the Student Legis-
lature, eight on the J-Hop Com-
mittee, three on the Board in
Control of Student Publications
and the presidency of the senior
engineering class will be at stake
in the election, set for Nov. 21 and
22.
World News
roundup
By The Associated Press
OTTAWA-A master blueprint
to mobilize the resgurces of Can-
ada and the United States for
joint defense production wilt be
formally ushered in by an ex-
change of notes in Washington
Thursday, a government source
disclosed yesterday.
* * *
LONDON - Finland's Security
Police were ordered yesterday to
scour the country for Britain's
missing atom scientist, Bruno Pon-
tecorvo.
* * *
WASHINGTON - Negotiations
were broken off last night by the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engi-
neers and the nation's railroads
over 10-month-old wage demands
for 85,000 union members.
CANBERRA, Australia-Federal
Investigation Service men raided
Communist headquarters, newspa-
pers and homes of leaders yester-
day in the first move to implement
Australia's new law outlawing the
Communist Party and affiliated
Red organizations.
* * *
CHICAGO-General Dwight D.
Eisenhower said last night the
United States would never go to
the extent of rearming the West-
ern Germans "so they would be a
serious threat to France."
* *
WASHINGTON - The perjury
conviction of John Maragon, one-
time White House intimate, was
upheld today by the United States
Court of Appeals.
OTTAWA -,Newspaper reports
say at least 703 of a 9,000-man
special Canadian Brigade for Ko-
rea are absent without leave, but
the Defense Ministry put off mak-
ing any statement on the situa-
tion.
New Policy Set
I n For Reservists

UNION OPERA CHIEFS-Looking over the shoulders of Union Opera general manager Gene Over-
beck, '51 (bottom, center), are the men who were yesterday placed at the head of various commit-
tees for the 1951 show. Seated' at 'the left is Neal Traves, '52, (general secretary) and at the right
is Jim Yobst, '52, (productions). Standing, left to right, are Dave Leddick, '51, and Dave DeVries,
'51 BAd. (both on programs) Ben Gates, '51, (promotions) and Don Wyant, '51SM, (music).
______________... .p_________s__ s

Fleeing Reds
In Disorder
4{End in. Sight,
68 Yanks Killed
In One Massacre
SEOUL --()-Korean Republi-
can troops yesterday plunged on-
ward toward the Manchurian bor-
der, a scant 50 miles away, and a
United States Eighth Army spokes-
man said he expected no more
fighting against organized Red re-
sistance in the Korean war.
While the Republic of Korea
forces slogged northward, Com-
munists by the thousands pured
out of the hills to lay down their
arms. The total bag of prisoners
passed the 120,000 mark-the equi-
valent of 12 Red divisions.

Candidates for an SL position
must be scholastically eligible and
obtain 150 student signatures on
their petitions. J-Hop nominees
must be Juniors and collect 50
signatures from members of the,
Junior class. Student Publications
Board candidates must also obtain
50 signatures, though they may
be from any class, as long as they
are not working on a student
publication.
Petitions for all positions will be
available from 3:30 to 5:30 p.m.
all this week at the SL Office,
122 S. Forest. They must be re-
turned to the office by next Mon-
day.
"The call for petitions has been
only fair so far," Storrie reported.
28 petitions for SL seats have
been taken out already." Usually
70 to 75 candidates for SL com-
pete in the fall election.
Storrie also announced that all
perspective SL candidates are ex-
pected to attend this week's SL
meeting, 7:30 p.m. Wednesday
evening in Rm. 3-D of the Union.
French Agree
To Army Plan
PARIS-(P)-The French Cabi-
net agreed today to propose a uni-
ted Western European army under
a European defense minister as a
compromise solution on Ger-
many's contribution to Atlantic
defense plans.
The proposal carefully ducked
approval of incorporating Ger-
mans into such an army.
The proposal is to be presented
for approval of the National As-
sembly today by Premier Rene
Pleven.

Union Opera
Executives.
Announced
Top student executives for net
spring's, Michigan Union Opera
were named yesterday by a com-
mittee of the Union Board of Di-
rectors.
Appointed to guide production
of the 1951 show were Don Wyant,
'51 SM: Ben Gates, '51; Dave De-
Vries. '51 BAd.; Dave Leddick, '51;
Jim Yobst, '52; and Neale Traves,
'52.
TRAVES, a 20-year-old Phi
Gamma Delta member from Rocky
River,\,., was picked as the Ope-
ra's general secretary.
Yobst will handle productions.
A member of Phi Delta Theta, he
is 20-years-old and hails from To-
ledo.
Leddick and DeVries, both 21-
years-old, were put in joint
charge of programs. Leddick is
a Theta Xi member and his
home is in Montague, Mich. De-
Vries, who belongs to Lambda
Chi Alpha, is a resident of Grand
Rapids.
Gates will direct publicity and
promotional work. Making his
home in Columbia City, Ind., he is
21-years-old and a member of
Lambda Chi Alpha.
Wyant, a 23-year-old Flint,
Mich. resident, was selected as mu-
sic chairman.
* * *
IN CHARGE of the entire show
is Gene Overbeck, '51, who was
appointed last spring.
Overbeck yesterday revealed
the script for the coming show
will be chosen sometime within
the next two weeks.
Several of the eight submitted
last spring are under consideration
and final screening is taking place
right now, Overbeck said.

FLEEING fragments of the once-
potent North Korean army which
invaded South Korea four months
ago were funneling into the Kang-
gye pocket, a triangular area
against the Manchurian border.
The South Korean Sixth Divi-
sion, closest of all to the Manchur-
ian border, was driving in the di-
rection of, Kanggye, where Red
Premier Kim Il Sung was report-
ed to be establishing a new com-
mand headquarters.
Noting heavy enemy traffic
moving in that direction, the
United States Fifth Air Force
yesterday raided Kanggye with
B-26 attack bombers. Result
were not immediately known.
Many prisoners that the Reds
had taken months ago were es-
caping-but not all. The Reds tar-
ried long enough to massacre dome.
Sixty-eight "Americans were ma-
chinegunned to death near Sun-
chon last Friday evening, and 500
South Koreans were reported bay-
onetted and burned at Yonghung,
near the east coast.
The Republic of Korea troops
northward dash was last reported
tho miles. north of Huichon in the
center of the upper Korean penin-
sula.
Two other South Korean drives
also pushed steadily northward.
The Capital Division on the. east
coast reached Iwon, 18 miles
northeast of newly-captured Puk-
chong and 76 miles southeast of
Manchuria.
* * *
ANOTHER spearhead of this di-
vision, stabbing through wild,'.
mountainous terrain 18 miles in-
land, passed Cho, 63 miles south of
the frontier.
The Republican First Division'
crossed the Chongchon River at
Kunu, 18 miles north ofSunchon
and 70 miles southeast of Man-
churia.
Stiffest recent Red resistance.
was as old as Sunday, in actions
involving Republican Eighth Di-
vision forces and British and Aus-
tralians 35 to 50 miles' north of
Pyongyang. The enemy fled after
four hours of rear-guard fighting
that cost him 200 dead and 300
wounded.
Navy planes of the carrier Boxer
interrupted N o r t h Korean at-
tempts to plant new. mines in the'
Communist east coast port of
Songjin yesterday and in rocket
and machinegun attacks sank two
mine-laying motor boats.
Songjin is about 150 miles south
of the Soviet boundary on the Sea
of Japan.
The Boxers' fighter bombers
swept inland after the strike to
damage a highway bridge near
Iwon 39 miles southwest of Song-
jin and a railroad bridge and tres-
tle near Panchon 30 miles west
of Iwon.
UN To Judge-
Korean Crimes
TOKYO - () - General Mac-
Arthur today approved legal pro-

from action to be taken
'aarinst' Amnerican Redsq

later

Prjce, Wage
Controls- Hit
By Symington
WASHINGTON - (A) - W.
Stuart Symington, chairman of
the National Securities Resources,
Board, spoke out against immedi-
ate price and wage curbs and asked.
the country to give other inflation
controls "a chance to work."
It would seem "dangerous," he
said, to put sweeping controls on
prices and wages without first try-
ing to handle the problem of in-
flation with others-like higher
taxes and curbs on credit buying.
Meanwhile it was announced
that the cost of living continued to
move upward last month.
The Government's consumers

KICKOFF CAPERS:
Reed Feather Campaign
Success fullyLaunched

(Continued on Page 6)

64

UN Flags To. Fly Over Nation Today

The Ann Arbor Red Feather
Drive's kickoff went the length of
the field last night at Hill Audi-
torium.
Twice in the evening the audi-
ence, filling the main floor and
first balcony to the last seats,
nearly tore the roof off with their
enthusiasm.
* * *
THE REASONS FOR all the
applause were Sugar Chile Robin-

Jr. The judges were aided in their
task by. an applause meter which
narrowed the field to four of the
original sixteen contestants.
* * *
THE SECOND feature of the
evening was the vigorous piano
pounding of Frankie "Sugar Chile".
Robinson, Detroit's tiny boogie
wizard.
\Using palms, fists, elbows and
onasioE2~na1llv fingersq .the fSu~ar

By BARNES CONNABLE
The blue and white banner of
the' nited Nations will fly
I Vi hn th.f + a ,nnnrv.,. + ,v a.

HOWEVER, here in Ann Arbor,
City Hall and University officials
reported that neither the muni-
cipal nor University administra-

United States flag to any other
flag as it is contrary to the code of
the VFW and the United States."
* * *

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