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October 11, 1950 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1950-10-11

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UN KOREA TROOPS
See Page 4

6:Y

Latest Deadline in the State

-

PARTLY CLOUDY

VOL. LXI, No. 13 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, OCT. 11, 1950

EIGHT PAGES

I

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nI

r * * * * t

* s *

French Suffer
Worst Defeat
In Indochina
Battle Occurs
At China Border
SAIGON, Indochina-(A)-The
bulk of a force of 3,500 French
troops has been wiped out in 'the
biggest battle of the four-year-old
war with the Communist-led Viet-
minh, the French high command
announced last night.
A French communique admitted
the severe setback in the region
near the frontier of Communist
China. Several hundred of the
French troops escaped the Na-
tionalists' trap, but the remainder
"after a bloody combat succumb-
ed, but only after inflicting ex-
tremely heavy losses on the ene-
y," the bulletin said.
THE FRENCH were reported
outnumbered 10 to one. But re-
gardless of the number of men in-
,olved in the action, the defeat
caused a major stir.
In Paris it brought an an-
nouncement that Colonial Min-
ister Jean Letourneau and Gen.
Alphonse Juin, resident general
of Morocco and a trouble-shoot-
er, would fly to Indochina to
take whatever steps necessary to
bolster the French position.
They leave the end of this week.
A source in Paris close to the
French cabinet commented that
'the rather bad developments in
northern Indochina prove again
that there is no longer a border
between the Communists of In-
dochina and the Communists of
China."
The French repeatedly have ac-
cused Red China of aiding the
Indochinese guerrillas of Moscow-
trained Ho Chin Minh in the war
against t h e French - sponsored
Vietnam regime.
A few hundred crack French
Legionnaires and Moroccans who
managed to break through the
ttap after a five-day battle reach-
ed the French held border strong-
hold at Thatkhe. The others re-
maining behind apparently ran
out of ammunition.
New Controls
Adopted by
Government
WASHINGTON-(P)-The gov-
itnment yesterday took new steps
to combat inflation and moved to
laye dwindling cotton supplies vi-
tal i either war or peace.
All of the actions are closely
' Ilked to the nation's vast re-
a niament program.
IN SWIFT succession, the Gov-
ernment announced:
1. Tight new controls on
home mortgage credit, effective
tomorrow.
2. Appointment of Cyrus S.
Ching as chairman of the Wage
Stabilization Board. The Board
will recommend policies for hold-
ing down wages in the event of
wage-price controls.
3. Sharp new restrictions on cot-
ton exports to all countries ex-
cept Canada.
* * *

MEANWHILE, in keeping with
economy instructions, Congress
ordered a $580,271,335 cut in gov-
ernment non-defense spending.
Although spread among 31
departments andagencies, the
cut is not expected to mater-
ially curtail going federal pro-
jects, or-in the case of the
Farm Support Program - to
mean any reduction in farm
payments during the 1950 crop
year.
It does, however, mean that the
number of new projects may be
sharply limited.

Lift Freshman
Ban for Choraje
By LEONARD GREENBAUM
In a dual move, the Student Affairs Committee yesterday granted
the Arts Chorale exemption from the eligibility ban on first-semester
freshmen and gave the group responsibility for the academic grades
of its freshmen members.
This initial action in the SAC's year long study of eligibility makes
the Arts Chorale the first campus group to be placed in such a posi-
tion.

STUDENTS SIGN SCROLL
* * *
Scroll .Drive
Enters Last
Day on Diag
More than 500 students fixed
their signatures to the Crusade for
Freedom Scrolls at the Student
Legislature booth on the diagonal
yesterday and more signers were
expected today.
Although the number was rela-
tively small in comparison to the
SL's objective-5,000 signatures,
Walt Oberreit, '51, student legis-
lator directing the drive, was not
disheartened.
"It was a bad day to conduct
the signature campaign," he said.
"Cloudy, rainy weather is always
hard on diagonal booth drives.
The booth will be open today
for the last day, Oberreit added,
from 9 a.m. until 4 p.m. "With
better weather and more gene-
ral student Anowledge of the
campaign, we should be able to
enroll at least a 1000 more stu-
dents in the crusade."
Added to these 1500 signatures,
will be those obtained during the
circulation of the Freedom Scrolls
in all organized house groups on
campus, Oberreit pointed out.
"With a high percentage of
students in house group$ sign-
ing the Scrolls, the SL's 5000
signature goal can easily be
reached."
Part of a nation-wid campaign
which ends next Monday, the
Crusade for Freedom is designed
as an American sponsored answer
to the red-tinged Stockholm Peace
Appeal.

IN ITS RULING the SAC stipu-
lated that the student group as-
sume the responsibility of seeing
that participating freshmen main-
tain a satisfactory scholastic
standing and that all those that
are of questionable status be drop-
Several of the SAC members
indicated that the eight week
grades of the freshmen might be
used as a basis for dropping.
At present the only campus
group that is in a similar position
is the Marching Band. Since its
activities, however, normally end
in November it is only affected
for the last game of the season.
THE UNIVERSITY Glee Clubs
which are also exempt from the
ban will be asked by SAC to come
under the new ruling.
Yesterday's action was seen by
one SAC member as possibly be-
ing the first step toward turn-
ing all membership responsibili-
ty over to the student groups.
This conceivably would make
group managers responsible for
the grades of all participating stu-
dents and would make it the man-
ager's duty to drop from the or-
ganization all members who be-
come ineligible.
SUCH A POLICY is already in
action on several college campuses
in the nation.
With the lifting of the ban for
the Arts Chorale, the only remain-
ing student organizations that can
not have first-semester freshmen
are the publications, the Gilbert
and Sullivan Society and the seve-
ral dramatic groups.
The SAC, however, is anticipat-
ing freshmen eligibility petitions
from these groups in the near fu-
ture.
Strike Stops
Production on
Plane Engines
WOOLRIDGE, N. J.-(P)-Pro-
duction of military aircraft en-
gines was halted yesterday at the
Wright Aeronautical Corp. plant
by the second wildcat strike in
four days.
All of the nearly 6,000 produc-
tion workers and a few white col-
lar workers took part in the latest
demonstration, a company spokes-
man said.
Two locals of the CIO United
Automobile Workers Monday turn-
ed down a conditional pay increase
and yesterday's disturbance ap-
parently was a protest at the pro-
gress of negotiations.

Red Korea
Rejects UN
Ultimatum
South Koreans
Occupy Wonsan
TOKYO-(P)-The North Ko-
rean government flatly rejected
United Nations surrender demands
yesterday and ordered Communist
forces in Korea to fight to the
death.
Red defiance came as South Ko-
rean troops occupied Wonsan, a
key port and airbase only 95 air
miles east of Pyongyang, North
Korean capital. Republican patrols
fanned north and west of the
freed city inspursuit of fleeing
North Koreans, field dispatches
said.
** * *
MEANWHILE Communist China
declared today she could not
"stand idly by with regard to the
serious situation" created by the
advance of United Nations' forces
into North Korea.
The new warning was contain-
ed in a lengthy statement issued
by the Red regime's Ministry of
Foreign Affairs.
But like similar Pieping state-
ments it gave no hint of any action
that might be taken by the Chi-
nese Communists to intervene di-
rectly in the Korean War.
* * *
MEANWHILE U.S. First Cal-
vary troopers, biting deeper into
Communist territory drove within
85 air miles of the Red capital
from the southeast.
The cavalrymen, however,
were forced to battle fiercely for
every yard gained on the west-
ern end of a 145-mile battle-
front.
Twe North Korean divisions of
possible 20,000 also were making
a stubborn defense against South
Korean attacks along a 30-mile
front 10 to 40 miles east of the
First Calvary sector.
* * *
THE OFFICIAL Communist ra-
dio at Pyongyang broadcast the
fight-to-death order some 36 hours
after Gen. Douglas MacArthur
made a final surrender demand
upon Red Premier Kim Il Sung.
There was no immediate indi-
cation that the Red regime had
been offered troops or supplies to
replenish North Korea's badly de-
pleted fighting resources.
Kim Ii Sung, as commander in
chief of the Red Army, called on
"the entire People's Army, parti-
sans and all people to fight until
the final day of victory."
National
.Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Italy an d
Western Germany protested to the
United States yesterday against
denying their nationals entry to
this country under the new anti-
subversives law.
The Italian embassy sent a note
to the State Department asking
quick action to clarify the situa-
tion.
Simultaneously, Heine Krekeler,
top German diplomatic official in.
this country, told the State De-
partment that the new law has
had an explosive effect in Ger-
many and is providing Commu-
nists with dangerous ammunition
against the United States.

PITTSBURGH -- Taxes will
be increased in 1951 more than
most people realize on a pay-as-
you-go defense program, Sec-
retary of the Treasury John W.
Snyder said last night.
* * *
BIRMINGHAM, A 1 a.-Chances
for Sen. Glen Taylor (D-Idaho)
to serve his 180-day sentence in
the Birmingham jail dropped al-
most to zero yesterday.
Gov. James E. Folsom refused
to ask the Senator's return to this
f.4n fin

December
Draft Quota
Announced
WASHINGTON-(UP)-The Ar-
my called yesterday for 40,000 ad-
ditional draftees during December:
This figure compares with 50,-
000 in September, 50,000 in Oc-
tober, and 70,000 in November. The
December call brings the army's
total requests for draftees to 210,-
000 to date.
* * *
THE 40,000 to be selected dur-
ing December will be chosen by
local draft boards from among
registered men aged 19 to 25, in-
clusive.
The Defense Department's an-
nouncement that the army will
require 40,000 inductees during
December followed by a few
hours a call to draft 1,522 medi-
cal physicians, dentists, and vet-
erinarians under the special doc-
tors draft law signed by Presi-
dent Truman on Sept. 9.
The December draft call brings
to 210,000 the total number of
draftees requested by the Army
for September, October, November
and December.
The announced program to draft
a total of 350,000 between Septem-
ber 1 and next April 1 is a step
toward building up the Army's
manpower toward an ultimate to-
tal of approximately 1,500,000.
This build-up fits into President
Truman's plans to increase the
overall strength of all the armed
forces to approximately three mil-
lion.

Sorority Women Protest
Rushing Period Change

PLAN RENDEZVOUS-President Truman and Gen. Douglas MacArthur, commander-in-chief of
United Nations forces in Korea, will meet somewhere in the Pacific this weekend to discuss the
"final phase" of the Korean War. The announcement of the impending conference came less than
six weeks after Truman cracked down on MacArthur in a row over U.S. policy toward Formosa.
At that time the President pointedly hinted that the White House is determined to make American
foreign policy without any interference.

More than 150 Pan-Hellenic
members gathered yesterday in
the League to protest a new Dean's
office rule changing the sorority
rushing period:
Election To Be
Held in Bus Ad
School Today
Business administration school
students will elect six members
to the Business Administration
Council today.
A voting booth will be in the
main lobby of the Business Ad-
ministration Bldg. starting at 8:45
a.m.
Seven candidates are vying for
the six vacancies on the twelve-
snember council. Students may
vote for no more than six candi-
dates, each vote being given equal
weight in the final tabulation.
One candidate has already been
elected automatically by accept-
ance of her nominating petition.
She is Barbara Hansen, '51, BAd.
According to election regulations,
one woman must be elected to of-
fice irregardless of the number of
votes she polls.
The six men running for the
other five openings are: Anthony
Cote, Grad.; Roger Eaton, '51BAd;
Harry Hawkins, '51BAd; Dick Hol-
loway, '51BAd; Ralph G. Jarl,
Grad.; and Stanford Stoddard,
'52BAd.

Sponsored by members of Col-
legiate Sorosis, the protest was
against placing the rushing period
in the three weeks following the
fall semester final exam period.
* * * .
PREVIOUSLY, rushing had tak-
en place the first three weeks of
the spring semester.
The chief complaint at the
meeting was that sorority mem-
bers had not been given an op-
portunity to vote on the change.
However, Pan-Hellenic president
Jane Topper, '51, explained that
dates were customarily set by the
Dean of Women and Pan-Hellenic
has not voted on them before.
* * *
ETHEL McCORMICK, League
social director, said the change was
in the best interest of all women
and should be accepted. "It's a
good date," she said, "and you'll
be pleased when you're all through
with rushing."
After hearing the new plans
advantages, many women seem-
ed satisfied with it. Previously
a number of grievances had been
presented by Collegiate Sorosis
in the form of a petition to Pan-
Hellenic.
The grievances were taken up
separately and discussed at the
meeting.
No definite answer could be giv-
en to a proposal to allow sorority
women to vote on the system after
it has been tried.

President To
Fly to Pacific
Rendezvous
Far East Policy
To Be Discussed
WASHINGTON -- () - Presi-
dent Truman announced yester-
day he will meet Gen. Douglas
McArthur ,at a secret rendezvous
somewhere in the 'Pacific this
weekend to discuss the "final
phase" of the Korean war.
The White House said Truman
will also make a "non-partisan"
foreign policy speech at San Fran-
cisco the night of Oct. 17 on his
return from seeing MacArthur.
THE CONFERENCE will mark
the first time Truman and Mac-
Arthur have met face-to-face.
MacArthur has not been back to
the United States since 1937, and
their paths have never crossed.
Underscoring the importance
of the mid-Pacific talks, a large
group of top military and dip-
lomatic advisers will accompany
the President on a two-plane
flight to the rendezvous.
The group will include Gen.
Omar Bradley, chairman of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff; W. Averell
Harriman, special assistant to the
President on foreign affairs; am-
bassador-at-large Philip C. Jes-
sup, and Dean Rusk, assistant sec-
retary of state for Far Eastern
affairs. Secretary of the Army
Pace also will make the trip.
The White House declined to say
whether the meeting would be held
aboard a warship or on an island.
IN MAKING the announcement,
Truman took occasion to restate
U.S. policy toward Korea. He said
the United States has "absolutely
no Interest in obtaining any spe-
cial position in Korea, nor do we
wish to retain bases or other mili-
tary installation in that country."
"We should like to get our
armed forces out and back to ot-
her duties at the earliest mo-
ment consistent with the ful-
fillment of our obligations as a
member of the United Nations,"
he declared,
The President thus re-emphasiz-
ed this country's policy that when
the Korean War ends, -it will be
the task of the United Nations to
provide any occupation forces.
Truman's announcement drew
quick commendation from several
members of congress.
Russia Rejects
Major Portion
Of Peace Plan
LAKE SUCCESS-(P)-Russia's
Andrei Y. Vishinsky, in a return
to his old-time bitter style, yes-
terday rejected as "bizarre" and
"illegal" the major portions-of
Secretary of State Acheson's anti-
aggression proposals.
The Soviet Minister opposed
Acheson's plan for UN members
to maintain specially trained mili-
tary units for instant UN duty
and for a collective action com-
mittee to study how to train such
forces for the UN.
HE ACCEPTED a plan for spe-
cial emergency sessions of the
General Assembly but on such
conditions that these sessions
could be thwarted by a Soviet ve-
to in the Security Council.

Suddenly casting aside his
mild manner in the 60-nation
political committee of the Gen-
eral Assembly, Vishinsky dashed
hopes of delegates 'who had
been encouraged by his brief
comment Monday that he
would accept some of the pro-
posals.

CALLS BING 'IMPOLITE':
Melchior Derides Met' Management

MOVE 'UNLIK2LY' HERE:
SC Denies Faculty
Political Participation

Faculty members at Michigan
State College have been advised
that activity. in partisan politics
will be considered "inimical to the
best interests" of the college, but
no such action appears to be
forthcoming on the University
campus.
A policy statement adopted last
June by the State Board of Agri-
culture, ruling body of the col-
lege, and published yesterday in
the college bulletin ruled that no
faculty member may run for a
political office of a partisan na-
ture unless he takes a leave of
absence or resigns from the school.
** *

Regent's By-law which has been
on the books since the mid-
1930's governing such activities
by faculty members.
The By-law provides that "no
full-time member of the staff may
engage in governmental activities
for compensation or hold or an-
nounce candidacy for an elective
public office, other than a local or
a county office, except with the
consent of the Board of Regents."
A few University faculty mem-
bers contacted last night voiced
their opposition to the agricul-
ture board's action.
Prof. John F. Shepard of the

"I will never sing at the Metro-
politan again as long as Rudolf
Bing is manager, Lauritz Melchior
asserted here yesterday.
Melchior, who opened the Extra
Concert Series last night, spoke
calmly about his recent separa-
tion from the Metropolitan Opera
Association.
* * *
FOR 24 YEARS he was the lead-
ing heroic tenor of the company
and had achieved world-wide fame
in numerous roles from Wagnerian
operas.
In reference to the new man-
ager of the "Met," Melchior de-
clared, "I have never met Mr.
Bing, nor care to. If you do not
harmonize with a person you are
not happy with him."
Summing up the events that led
to his resignation last February,
Melchior said: "Mr. Bing did not
send me a contract. I wrote him
a letter and when he did not ans-
wer I resigned."
"It was very rude of him to
treat an artist the way he did. It
was to have been my 25tn anni-
versary with the Metropolitan."

Hill Auditorium was the first
concert of his current winter
tour. From here he will go to
Saratoga Springs and then to
Richmond, Va., for the tobacco
festival.
In between concerts he will ap-
pear on several radio and tele-
vision broadcasts.
AT PRESENT the huge singer
has no Hollywood films scheduledl
* *

for release. He turned down a role
this summer,
"Because it was not up to the
standards of my previous pic-
tures."
Two acceptable roles, however,
have since been offered to him.
Plans are also in the offing for
a short film on his life in which
he will co-star with his wife and
business manager, the former Eur-
opean movie star, Maria Hacker.
* *

The only point that Vishinsky
came out for with almost no
strings Was a proposal for a fact-
finding committee to go to trouble
spots for an investigation.
COMMENTING TO newsmen
after the long hour and a half

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