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October 10, 1950 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1950-10-10

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N

MOVIES AND
DISCRIMINATION
See Page 4

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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXI, No. 12 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN TUESDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1950

RAIN
EIGHT PAGES

UN Program
Gets Partial
Red Support
Move Surprises
Other Delegates
LAKE SUCCESS, N.Y.--P)--An
American-supported program to
strengthen the United Nations As-
sembly as an agent for peace won
a partial and strongly hedged en-
dorsement yesterday from the
Soviet Union.
. John Dulles, Republican adviser
to Secretary of State Dean Ache-
son, introduced the seven-power
resolution in the assembly's 60-
nation political committee, where
it was assured wide support from
the start.
R * *
JUST WHAT provisions Russia
liked were not made clear, but
Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei
Vishinsky's statement thAt some
of its points were agreeable to
him came as a big surprise to the
other delegates.
The resolution provides for
emergency sessions of the As-
sembly when the Security Coun-
cil is paralyzed by a veto, for UN
peace patrols to act as observers
at world trouble spots and for
nations to pledge troop units to
serve under a UN flag to put
down aggression.
The resolution also calls for a
UN survey during the coming year
to learn how big a defense pool
UN members can build up against
aggression.
* * *
* VISHINSKY was not on the
speaker's list yesterday, but he
broke into the debate immediately
after Dulles finished describing
what he called "the key to the
door to peace."
Vishinsky offered the excuse
that he wanted the debate lim-
ited only to the four points list-
ed In the joint resolution and as
originally set forth by Sec.
Acheson in the Assembly.
Vishinsky first said that his gov-
ernment can accept some of the
U.S. points but that "amendments
and corrections will have to be of-
fered for others."
THE COMMITTEE voted down
Vishinsky's demand to limit the
debate, but in the arguments over
his point Vishinsky finally defined
his stand to say it was "a mistake
to assume that the Soviet Union
accepted the general tendency of
the American proposal except for
the fact that it deals with the
strengthening of the peace."
Then he added: "I can't agree
with a large number of practical
proposals which it includes."
Vishinsky argued that the com-
mittee ought to get right down to
cases and argue the concrete pro-
posals instead of drowning them
in a contest of speeches on who
. favors peace.
Britain, France, Canada, Tur-
tey, the Philippines and Uruguay
re co-sponsors of the resolution.
Fierce Tidal
Wave Batters
Amboina Isle
JAKARTA, Indonesia - (P) --
A great tidal wave battered the
island of Amboina last night in
the wake of a series of violent
earthquakes.
A broadcast from the island,
center of a bloody rebellion against
the government of Indonesia, re-

ported casualties and appealed for
Red Cross help.
DAMAGE WAS reported great
in costal villages such as Galala
and Halong, where the broadcast
reported casualties. It gave no
figures on dead or injured, but
there were fears here that the toll
was heavy.
The island, heart of the South
Moluccan rebellion against the
Indonesian state, is 32 miles long
and has an area of '386 square
miles. Its population is about
240,000. The Ambionese district
includes the islands of Amboina,
Saparua, Boeroe, Ceram and the
Banda Isles. These islands lie
between Dutch New Guinea and
the island of Celebes, and are
northeast of Java.
The United Nations Commission
on Indonesia has been consider-
ing steps to end the fighting on
Amboina Island. Indonesian gov-
ernment troops had been driving

New Draft Plan
Up for Approval
Would Defer Superior Students
Regardless of Concentration Field
By BOB KEITH
Worried about the draft?
Then keep on crossing your fingers. If things go well in Wash-
ington you may soon be assured of seeing your college career through
to completion.
« * « *
SELECTIVE SERVICE officials are currently mulling over a far-
reaching scheme which would give high-calibre college men con-
tinuous exemption for the full time they are in school.
The plan is of great importance to all draft-age students for
two chief reasons:
1. It would safeguard all top-bracket scholars from the
present threat of getting nabbed between academic years
2. It wouldn't discriminate according to fields of study.
Every draftable male student would be eligible for full deferment,
no matter what branch of education he is pursuing.
Credit for this plan goes to a heterogenous advisory group set up
in 1948 by Major General Lewis B. Hershey, the nation's Selective
Service chief.
GEN. HERSHEY has not handed his final approval to the pro-
posed scheme, but he reportedly sanctions it in principle. Apparently
Gen. Hershey is waiting for the plan to gain support from other
governmental agencies such as the National Security Resources Board.
Once the proposal is generally accepted It. will be up to President
Truman to turn it into law through the device of an official execu-
tive order.
Nucleus of the, new deferment system would be a special
classification for scholastically eligible students. Technically, this
classification would be known as. 2-A.
The 2-A category would encompass all upper-level male students
whether they are studying in high school, college or graduate school.
There would be only two qualifying requirements: 1) the deferment
seeker must -e working for some sort of degree, and 2) he must
maintain above-par grades.
* * .*
THE SCHOLARSHIP requirement is probably the new system's
most noteworthy feature. For it would make the male student's
chances for an uninterrupted college career depend almost wholly on
his scholastic capabilities.
Just what degree of scholarship would be demanded? In the
first place every .student hoping for deferment would be requirred
to pass an aptitude test. If successful in this venture the student
would then need to maintain healthy grades throughout his entire
schooling.
For incoming freshmen the pressure would be especially strenu-
ous. First year men would need to stay in the top half of their class
in order to be sure of coming back the following year.
* « * *
SOPHOMORES would have it easier, percentage-wise. They
would only be compelled to remain in the upper two-thirds of their
class to be eligible for their junior year.
Juniors hoping to go on to a degree would be required to
keep somewhere'within the upper three-fourths bracket.
Seniors in class 2-A would be deferred until at least four months
after graduation, no matter how they stood academically. But if they
wanted to enter a graduate or professional program their senior
(continued on Page 7)
Freedom Scroll Signature
Ca-mpai gn Toi.Begin Today

South Koreans

In'

Wonsan

As

Reds

Hold U.S. In

west

0

Reds Claim1
U.S,,Attack
On Airbase
Say Soviet Field
Strafed by Jets
LONDON - (P) - The Soviet
Union has protested to the United
States that two American fighter
planes strafed a Soviet airfield
about 62 miles from the Soviet-
Korean frontier Sunday.
This was disclosed yesterday in
a bro-adcast from Moscow which
said the incident occurred at a
Soviet airfield on the sea coast in
the Sukhaya Rechka area. The
planes were identified as F-80
shooting star jets. Moscow said
some property damage occurred
but mentioned no casualties.
THE ALLEGATION was con-
tained in a protest note handed to
the American minister-counselor'
in Moscow. He refused to accept
it on the basis it was a matter for
the United Nations to handle.
Soviet Deputy Foreign Minis-
ter Andrei Gromyko said this
argument was groundless as the
subject of the note was the fir-
ing on a Russian airfield by
American planes.
The note said Russia had lodged
a "resolute protest" with the Unit-
ed States and had demanded
"strict punishment" of those re-
sponsible for the attack.
THE NOTE also demanded that
the United States give assurance
it would take measures to prevent
"such provocative actions" in the
future.
" This is the first Russian claim
of U.S. plane attack on Soviet
home territory since the begin-
ning of the United Nations attack
on North Korea.
The Moscow radio said that
Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister
Andrei Gromyko had delivered
the protest yesterday to the
American embassy in the Soviet
capital.
In Washington, the State De-
partment said it had not received
the Russion protest.
USW To Ask

RAGING INFERNO-The third and fourth floors of Montgomery
Ward's Farm Store belch forth flames and smoke as streams of
water are shot into the inferno. Ann Arbor firemen fought des-
perately to quell the holocaust which broke out for an underter-
mined reason at 6:38 p.m. yesterday. Troops from National Guard
Company K were called out later in the evening to handle the
throngs of spectators who packed the streets and municipal park-
ing lot across the street from the blazing structure. Damage was
estimated tentatively at $500,000. No injuries were reported.
* * . *
Ward Warehouse Burned
Out by- Spectacularfire

Tooth Tale
MANITOWOC, Wis.-(P)-As
any child will tell you, if you
take one of your baby teeth,
when it falls out, and put it
under your pillow, a good elf
will leave you something while
you sleep.
Six-year-old Nancy Haese
knows it's true, too. She left
one of her teeth under her pil-
low and the next morning she
had: two teeth.
Nancy's folkshwere mystified
until Skippy, the terrier who
sometimes misbehaves by
sneaking into Nancy's bed, dis-
played a smile as gaping as
Nancy's.
Court Rules
On Maryland
Negro Case
Refuses Review
Of Taylor Trial
WASHINGTON-(4P)-The Su-
preme Court declined yesterday to
interfere with a state court deci-
sion ordering the University of
Maryland to admit a Negro girl to
its all-white school of nursing.
The University had offered to
provide nursing education for the
girl at an institution in another
state. The Maryland Court of Ap-
peals ruled that would not give
her equal protection under the
laws. The Supreme Court refused
to review the Maryland court's
decision.
In another case involving racial
segregation of students, the high
tribunal refused to reconsider its
decision last June involving the
University of Texas.
* * s
AT THAT time the court ordered
Heman Sweatt, a Houston Negro,
admitted to the Texas Univer-
sity's white law school. The court
said it could not find "substantial
equality" in a separate school set
up by Texas for Negro law stu-
dents.
In another ruling yesterday the
high tribunal denied Senator Glen
Taylor (D., Idaho), a review of his
conviction on disorderly conduct
charges in Birmingham, Ala., May
1, 1948. Taylor was fined $50 and
was sentenced to 180 days in jail.
Justices Black and Douglas favor-
ed a review of the case.
Told of the high tribunal's
ruling, Taylor said in Pocatello,
Ida., that he had no intention of
going to Alabama to turn him-
self over to "that chain gang."
But in Birmingham, police com-
missioner Eugene Connor told re-
porters: "We are going to send and
get him, wherever he is, at once."
At the time of his arrest, Taylor
was a candidate for Vice President
on the Progressive Party ticket
with Henry A. Wallace. The charge
arose from a scuffle Taylor had
with Birmingham police when the
Senator tried to enter a Negro
youth meeting through a door
marked "Negro entrance."
Taylor said his arrest would
serve as a test of Birmingham's
law requiring separation of Neg-
roes and whites.

An all campus campaign for sig-
natures to the Crusade for Free-
dom scroll will be conducted today
and tomorrow by the Student Leg-
islature.
Part of a nation wide drive be-
gun September 5, the signatures
obtained at the University will be
permanently enshrined in the base
of the Freedom Bell in Berlin.
" - -s
THE CAMPAIGN on campus
will be conducted mainly through
an SL booth open from 9 a.m. to
4 p.m. on the diagonal. Freedom
Scrolls will also be circulated
through all organized h o u s e
groups.
If you should sign the Free-
dom Scroll, what would you be
doing?
Briefly, it is this:
" "
Making a basic declaration of
faith in the sacredness and dignity
of the individual, in the belief that
all men possess the right to be
free, and pledging to resist ag-
gression and tyranny wherever
they appear.
National Chairman of the

drive is General Lucius D. Clay,
and it is backed by hundreds of
nationally known figures. Local-
ly, President Ruthven is a mem-
ber of the Michigan Committee.
Urging student support of the
Freedom Scroll, Pres. Ruthven
said, "As one of the state commit-
tee members, I have come to ap-
preciate what the Crusade for
Freedom means. I sincerely hope
that the Freedom scrolls will have
a good representation of Univer-
sity names."
Sometime before Oct. 24, United
Nations Day, all the scrolls in cir-
culation in the country will be
gathered up and sent to Berlin,
where dedication ceremonies for
the 10 ton Freedom Bell will be
held. At that time the signatures
will be enshrined in the base of
the Bell.
No statistics are available as yet,
but there are enough Freedom
Scrolls in circulation within the
entire country to obtain 50 mil-
lion names, according to Murton
Peer, executive director of the
Freedom Scroll campaign.

By BARNES CONNABLE l
For the fourth time this year,
fire of an undetermined origin
swept through the top floors of
the Montgomery Ward farm store
and warehouse on the corner of
W. Washington and S. First.
The blaze, which was discovered
shortly before 7 p.m. yesterday
raged uncontrolled until 10:15 p.m.
when the biggest hose was moved
from the flaming southeast cor-
ner of the building further to the
rear.
* * *
ESTIMATES of damage caused
by the holocaust ran as high as
half a million dollars. L. O. Quack-
enbush, manager of the warehouse,
said early in the evening that
Ward merchandise losses alone
had run up to at least one hun-
dred thousand dollars.
The fourth floor of the build-
ing was occupied by King-Seeley
Corp., local manufacturer of
gauges and other precision in-
struments. The third floor was
packed with Ward merchandise
jammed in for the "Ward Week"
sale next week.
Three blinding flashes at 7:30

WageBoosts

p.m. brought screams from the
fleeing throngs below. Power lines
containing over 23,000 volts were
severed by force of water being
pumped through them into the
building.
* * *
LIVE WIRES crashed to the
ground, crossing over street-lamp
wires and causing a short circuit.
Firemen yelled at spectators
perched on the low-hanging rail-
road tressel over W. Washington
to run from the rails dampened by
showers earlier in the day.
Campus area electricity was
momentarily shut down several
times after the explosions.
At least 25 police and over 40
members of the National Guard
hurried to the scene and roped
off the thousands of onlookers.
No injuries were reported, but an
ambulance stood by during the
course of the evening.
* * *
FOUR FIRE TRUCKS pumped
an estimated 35,000 gallons of wa-
ter per hour into the flaming
warehouse.
For a quarter of an hour, fire-
men were stymied in their ef-
forts to subdue the blaze by the
live wires stretched across the
street.
Electricians arrived later in the
evening to cut the dangerous wires
but were forced to wait until the
nearby King-Seeley plant turned
off their machines before they
could go about their job.
King-Seeley, which is serviced
by the power-lines, was forced to
shut down for the night.

Communist
Resistane
Strengthens
UN Troops Aim
For Pyongyang
TOKYO - () - South Korean
Third Division troops crashed into
the port city of Wonsan yesterday
and fought in the streets with
Communist defenders, the repub-
lican army reported, while in the
west North Koreans stalled a U.S.
First Cavalry spearhead one mile
inside Red territory.
An Army spokesman for the
Korean Military Advisory Group
said South Korean troops had
seized Wonsan's airfield.
American military advisory re-
ports said Communist resistance
one mile south of Wonsan was
beaten down last night to make
possible the reported entry into
the key United Nations obJective
on the eastcoast. However, U.S.
military advisers did not immedi-
ately confirm the South Korean
army announcement.
WONSAN, a fine deep-water
port with unlimited anchorage,
was a major prize for which the
Reds had made a bitter stand. It
is 95 air miles east of the North
Korean capital at Pyongyang,
across the narrow waist of the
peninsula.
All along a new 120-mile front
in Red Korea-ranging from
one mile north of the 38th paral-
lel on the western end to 90
miles deep on the east coast-
Korean Communists were fight-
ing back stronger and with more
determination than in many
days.
Nevertheless, some 45,000 United
Nations troops on the front ham-
mnered out gains, overwhelming
and outflanking the Red defenders
in tactics the North Koreans once
employed effectively themselves
when they first invaded South
Korea 15 weeks ago.
* * *
FOUR SOUTH KOREAN divi-
sions and some 5,000 U.S. First
Cavalry troopers were north of the
38th parallel-in a push designed
ultimately to converge on the
North Korean capital of Pyong.
yang if the Reds refuse to surren-
der.
The enemy knew that at least
ten other United Nations divi-
sions were poised within the
shadow of the old demarcation
line to back up Gen. Douglas
MacArthur's final surrender de-
mand.
That ultimatum-the second by
the U.N. military commander-
came yesterday. In demanding
anew that the enemy quit the war,
Gen. MacArthur asked for sur-
render now so that the decisions
of the United Nations to unify and
restore Korea can be carried out
with a minimum further loss of
life and destruction of property.
THE BROADCAST message
promised that the North Koreans
will be justly treated if they lay
down their arms. It asked them
to cooperate in setting up an inde-
pendent and unified government
for their country of thirty million
persons.
Gen. MacArthur's first surren-
der demand, made Oct. 1, was Ig-

nored by the Reds. The latest ulti-
matum, like the first, was broad-
cast repeatedly.
Reminder
Daily editorial staff tryouts
will meet at 4 p.m. today in the
Student Publications Building
to begin a semester long train-
ing program in headline writ-

0

PITTSBURGH-(RP)-T h e mil-
lion member CIO United Steel-
workers Union squared off yester-
day with the first of 35 big and
small steel companies which
agreed to immediate negotiations
on the union's demand for a "very
healthy and substantial" wage in-
crease.
The Union asked 1,400 com-
panies across the country to ad-
vance the date for reopening con-
tract wage provisions from Nov. 1
to today.
The union reported it has not
yet heard from the mammoth,
United States Steel Corporation,
producer of one third of all Ameri-
can steel, and Bethlehem Steel
Corporation, the nation's number
two firm.

'SOME ENCHANTED EVENING':
Melchior To Perform Here Tonight

Red Troops
Trap French
Near Thatkhe
SAIGON, Indochina-(P) -The
Communist-led Vietminh snapped
a trap on several battalions of
crack French troops northwest of
Thatkhe, near the China border.
The French suffered a defeat
of disaster proportions.
The encirclement caught by sur-
prise the French, garrison with-
drawing from abandoned Caobang
The French force including screen-
ing troops, were outnumbered 10
to one.
* * *
A FRENCH military spokesman
declined to disclosed the actua
number of troops caught in the
trap.
Military security cloaks any
plans the French may have to re-
inforce their depleted frontier gar-

i
f
f
t

National News

« S *

Featuring a diversified program
ranging from Wagner to Richard
Rodgers, former Metropolitan Op-
era singer Lauritz Melchior, will
open the 1950-51 season of the Ex-
tra Concert Series at 8:30 p.m. to-
day in Hill Auditorium.
Born in Copenhagen the versa-

During his long career the
famed tenor has received many
commendatiorn including the ti-
tle, "Singer to the Royal Court
of Denmark" and several medals.
Presently on a concert tour, his
schedule calls for the completion

By The Associated Press
NEW YORK-Attorney-General Nathaniel Goldstein, of New
York, said yesterday he was investigating at least five organizations
soliciting millions of dollars for cancer relief.
* * * *
DETROIT - The trial of five minor officials of local 600,
United Auto Workers (CIO) on charges of Communist subservience
opened last night in a peaceful atmosphere.
NEW YORK-Trial of William Remington, accused of perjury in
denying to a federal grand jury that he had ever been a Communist,
was set for Nov. 5 yesterday by Federal Judge William Bondy.

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