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October 01, 1949 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1949-10-01

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RUSHING
REVISION
See Page 4

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La test Deadline in the State

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FAIR

VOL. LX, No. 6 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 1, .1949

PRICE FIVE CENTS

rI

C*>

House Names
'Scientist X
In Atom Case
Calls Minnesota
Doctor Perjuror
WASHINGTON - (/P) - End-
ing a year-old mystery, the House
Un-American Activities Commit-
tee named a young midwest uni-
versity professor as the shadowy
"scientist X" it accused of slipping
wartime atomic secrets to a man it
called a Communist spy.
The Committee said that "Sci-
entist X" is Dr. Joseph W. Wein-
berg of the University of Minne-
sota and formally recommended
that the Justice Department
prosecute him on perjury charges.
WEINBERG promptly denied
the accusation, claiming it was a
case of "mistaken identity."
The Justice Department said
the FBI has been investigating
Weinberg "for a long period of
time."
A, department spokesman said
when FBI reports on the case are
completed they will be studied.
IN MINNEAPOLIS, Weinberg,
32-year-old Assistant Professor of
physics at the University of Min-
nesota, told newsmen.:
"I am innocent. At no time
have I participated in any way
in disclosure of any secret or
classified information or for-
mula to any unauthorized per-
son."
The young scientist also took a
slap at the term "Scientist X,"
which he said is "a publicity-seek-
ing phrase invented by the com-
mittee."
DR. J. L. MORRILL, President
of the University of Minnesota,
called for an immediate govern-
ment investigation to "establish
the truth in this tragic situation
for the security of the nation and
withistrict justice to Prof. Wein-
berg."
The committee accused Wein-
berg of lying under oath when
the scientist appeared before
the House group in a closed-
door session last year. The com-
mittee said Weinberg perjured
himself in denying:
1. That he was a Communist
party member and attended "cell"
meetings of the Young Commu-
nist League.
2. That he knew Steve Nelson.
The committee has called Nelson
a Communist espionage agent.
3. That he knew Nelson's secre-
tary, Bernadette Doyle.
End Check-Up
Of Vandenberg
The results of Senator Arthur
H. Vandenberg's examinations at
the University Hospital are ex-
pected to be known within two
or three days.
According to a report by Dr.
John Alexander, well-known chest
surgeon, the examinations are al-
most completed. The possibility of
an operation, suggested by Wash-
ington friends of the Senator, will
then be known.
Vandenburg entered the hos-
pital Monday night for a complete
checkup and diagnosis of a lung
lesion following a briefer exam-
ination at the hospital last month.
"After the results are known we

shall discuss them with Dr. A. D.
Smith, of Grand Rapids, Senator
Vandenberg's personal physician
and long-ime friend," Dr. Alex-
ander explained.
He reported the Senator as
"getting along well and in his us-
ual good humor."
The veteran Michigan Senator
has been one 'of the chief expon-
ents of the Administration's bi-
partisan foreign policy and is a
former chairman of the Senate's
Foreign Relations Committee.
Army Game ID
Students must present their ID

English Fear
Inflation-Stason
By BOB VAUGHN
There is fear of an inflationary spiral among the thinking people
in England, according to E. Blythe Stason, Dean of the Law School.
Recently returned from England where he spent two months
studying British administrative law, Dean Stason said, "Devaluation of
the pound caused profound concern 'in England, for the people had
expected either a much snialler devaluation or none at all."
* * * *
"AT PRESENT THE government is holding the line but pressures
are severe."
The precarious position of England's economy is the result
of inability to reach an efficiency comparable with that of the
- United States, he said.

Name Mao
Tse-Tung as
China Head
By The Associated Press
Mao Tze-Tung, a peasant's son
turned revolutionary, was named
head of the new Chinese Com-
munist Government which will bid
soon for international recognition.
The 56-year-old Mao thus be-
came leader in name as well as
in fact of a regime which, has
forcibly placed more than half
of China under the Red flag.
THE COMMUNIST radio in
Peiping announced that Mao was
elected chairman of the "Central
Peoples Government" of "The
Peoples Republic of China." The
republic's announced aim is close
ties with Russia.
The broadcast, heard by :the
Associated Press at San Fran-
cisco, listed six vice-chairmen
who will serve with Mao on the
ruling government council.
One is Madame Sun Yat-Sen,
sister-in-law of Mao's arch ene-
my, Generalissimo Chiang Kai-
Shek. This was expected. She is
in Peiping now. She long has
leaned toward the Communists.
Her late husband, Dr. Sun Yat-
Sen, led the 1911 revolution which
set up China's first republic.
* * *
MAO, MADAM SUN, and five
other vice-chairmen were rubber-
stamped in Peiping by the politi-
cal consultative conference. Mao's
election was unanimous. Possibly
the others were too.
AEC Defended
By Committee
WASHINGTON-(I')-A propos-
ed report of the Senate-House
Atomic Committee said that "in-
credible mismanagement" charges
by Senator Hickenlooper (R-Iowa)
against the Atomic Energy Com-
mission "could not be proved."
The draft strongly defends the
AEC's record of security of its
vital secrets.
Circulated in confidence to com-
mittee members, the proposed re-
port was backed up indirectly by
a statement of Chairman McMa-
hon (D-Conn.). McMahon told
reporters the AEC and its chair-
man, David E. Lilienthal, are "not
guilty"

"The English are cognizant of
the problem, they are working on
it and will solve it. It is incum-
bent upon the United States to
help them solve it."
* * *
ENGLAND'S government has
developed two interesting devices
to check the evils of bureaucracy,
Dean Stason explained.
The first is a system of ad-
visory or consultative commit-
tees composed of specialists and
prominent citizens outside gov-
ernment service.
The committees serve as a
channel for complaints from the
people to the ministries.
* * *
SOME COMMITTEES also make
recommendations regarding pro-
posed administrative rules. Unless
these are followed by the minis-
tries they must be laid before par-
liament.
The primary duty of these
committees is to see that the
viewpoint of the consumer is
presented to the administration,
Dean Stason said.
The second goverment adminis-
trative innovation is the Select
Committee on Statuary Instru-
ments of the House of Commons.
S * * *
THIS COMMITTEE investigates
important regulations proposed by
the various departments of the
government and submits its re-
ports to Parliament.
Chinese Stop
U.S. Shipping
Nationalist Destroyer
Threatened Gunfire
NEW YORK - (AP)-A Chinese
destroyer threatened for a time
to fire on one of three American
ships held off Shanghai by the
Chinese Nationalists, it was re-
ported here.
The Isbrandtsen line, operators
of the ships, reported receiving
cabled reports from the skipper of
the flying independent that the
destroyer was menacing it.
* * * .
HANS ISBRANDTSEN, presi-
dent of the line, said a later cable
advised, however, that the Chinese
destroyer had pulled away and
gone out of sight.
The skipper originally had ra-
dioed Shanghai agents of the line
that the destroyer was "threaten-
ing to fire on my crew and passen-
gers."

RUN, PASS, AND KICK-When the Wolverines take on the high-
ly regarded Stanford eleven this afternoon they are going to have
to exhibit plenty of all three. Don Dufek (left), is expected to
carry a large part of the running load, Charlie Ortmann (center)
is expected to spearhead Michigan's passing attack, and Walt
Teninga (right) will use his talented toe to get the Wolverines out
of trouble, should the occasion arise.
*' ' * *
Michigan Faces Indians
Heated But Confident

Hungyary gand
Poland Drop
Yugoslavs
LONDON-(P)-Communist Po-
land and Hungary fell quickly in
line with Soviet Russia in re-
nouncing treaties of friendship
and cooperation with Yugoslavia.
It seemed certain that the other
members of the Tito-hating Com-
inform will follow suit. They are
Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovia,
and Romania.
THE SOVIET Union announced
on Thursday that it had re-
nounced its treaty with Yugo-
slavia. Hungary's action was dis-
closed yesterday and Poland made
its stand known last night.
It appeared that the Comin-
form countries and Russia were
heading for a complete severing
of diplomatic relations with Yu-
goslavia.
Russia based her denunciation
of the treaty on evidence sub-
mitted in the treason trial of for-
mer Foreign Minister Laszlo Rajk,
who was convicted and sentenced
to death in Budapest on a charge
of plotting with Yugoslavs and
Americans to overthrow the gov-
ernment and replace it with a re-
gime subservient to Premier Mar-
shal Tito of Yugoslavia.
HUNGARY and Poland said
that was their reason, too.
The only Yugoslav reaction thus
far has been. expressed through
Tanjug, the official Yugoslav news
agency. -Tanjug said Russia's ac-
tion was "one more proof as to
who considers treaties between na-
tions to be mere scraps of paper."
INational
Round-Up
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-The U.S. gov-
ernment finished the first quarter
of the fiscal year one and one
quarter billion dollars in the red.
LANSING - Governor Wil-
liams appointed two unsuccess-
ful Democratic candidates in the
spring election to the State Eco-
nomic Development Commission.
WASHINGTON-The ranks of
the jobless dwindled by 338,000
in September-the second succes-
sive monthly drop in unemploy-
ment shown ingthe late-summer
business upswing.
The Census Bureau reported a
decline to a total of 3,351,000 un-
employed.
DAYTON, O. - The B. F.
Goodrich Co. and CIO United
Rui 1hr lWn,rrc Q lan ad an nw

By MERLE LEVIN
(Special to The Daily)
PALO ALTO, Calif.-The word
"upset" will be in the thoughts
and on the tongues of thousands1
of revenge-minded Californians
here today to watch invading
Michigan seek to extend its 24-
game winning streak against Stan-l
ford's surprising Indians.
It's been two years since Michi-
* **) '
'M' Favored
By Tradition
ver Stanford
This Year's Record
Ranks Indians High
By PRES HOLMESl
(Sports Co-Editor)
There seem to be an awful lot of
conflicting stories about who willl
come out on top in the battle be-
tween Michigan and Stanford to(
be played at 5:30 this afternoon.1
It could very well develop into
a tussle of tradition (based on two1
previous games) and a very im-
pressive early season performance1
(also based on two previousi
games).
S * * *
"TRADITIONALLY" the Wol-
verines have always scored 49
points against the team from Palo
Alto. In the first Rose Bowl game
in 1902 Michigan won 49-0. Forty-
five years later the two teams met
again, in Ann Arbor this time, and
the Maize and Blue once more to-
taled 49 points. Stanford pene-
trated Michigan's defenses twice
in the last half of that contest,
however, and registered 13 points.1
On that basis Michigan ought
to win the game 49 to 61, make
it '7.
Now let's look at the game from
a western exposure. In just two
outings the Indians have piled up
enough statistics to make any
team sit up and take notice, and
sit back and wonder.
* * *
BOLSTERED immeasurably by1
the stellar performances of soph-
omores Harry Hugasian, Gary
Kerkorian, and Bill McColl the
Indians have looked devastatingly
impressive in their first two starts.1
They have averaged better7
than 40 points and 470 yards
per game.
Add to that the fact that Stan-{
ford leads the nation in this rather
interesting item: Forward passes7
thrown without an interception.
Spearheaded by Kerkorian, who
See STANFORD, Page 3

gan administered a 49-13 whip-
ping to a hapess Stanford team
at Ann Arbor. But the sting of
that defeat is still fresh in the
hearts of Indian boosters.
TO A MAN they feel that this
is the year for revenge. Spurred
on by Stanford's convincing 44-0
victory over ,Harvard and a pre-
vious 49-0 victory over a good San
Jose State Squad, some 80,000 fans
are expected to be on hand by
kickoff time (5:30 p.m. EST), the
largest crowd ever to witness Stan-
ford play any opponent but Cali-
fornia.
The latter contest is the big
game for Stanford, but good.
The student body here speaks of
it in tones somewhat akin to
reverence.
But for today the Michigan tilt
has replaced it as the game that
must be won.
THE ODDS makers have estab-
lished the Wolverines as a 7 point
favorite this afternoon but west
coast writers have been almost
unanimous in their choice of
Stanford. The general feeling on
the coast seems to be that the
Wolverines are living on the repu-
tation they have established dur-
ing the past two seasons.
One San Francisco scribe even
went so far as to predict that
today's contest would serve more
as a yardstick of the compara-
tive strength of Michigan and
San Jose State than as a test for
Stanford.
* * *,
THE TEMPERATURE was well
up in the nineties yesterday and
more of the same was predicted
for this afternoon. Despite the
fact that they worked out lightly
for hardly a half hour the Maize
See SEVEN POINT, Page 3
To Hold Holy
Day Services
Services for the High Holy Day
will be held by Hillel Foundation
tomorrow and Monday at Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre.
The services are scheduled for 8
p.m. Sunday and 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Monday. Memorial services will be
held at 4 p.m. Monday.
Yom Kippur, a period of atone-
ment and fasting, brings to con-
clusion 10 days of penitence which
began on Rosh Hashonah, the
Hebrew New Year.
.Complimentary tickets for the
services may be obtained at 1201
Hill.

Auto Makers,
To Feel UAW
Pension Push
DETROIT - (P) - The CIO
United Auto Worker got set to
open up its sweeping pension
drive on many fronts at once.
The UAW's objective is to bring
other firms in line with the agree-
ment signed with Ford Motor Co.
* * *
DEMANDS WILL soon be
pressed intensively at seven auto
concerns where wage negotiations
alreadyare under way, the union
said. Involved are a total of 182,-
000 workers.
UAW President Walter P.
Repther said efforts also would
be made to get General Mptors
Corp. to talk pensions. The
G-M contact covering 275,000
does not expire until May 29,
1950.
Ford was the pace-setting tar-
get. The agreement there-first
pension plan in the auto industry
-gives the UAW a potent weapon
against other concerns.
* * *
FORD WORKERS can now re-
tire between the ages of 60 and 68
on company-paid pensions. These,
coupled with social security bene-
fits, will provide retired employes
up to $100 monthly -
Reuther's eventual goal is
an industry-wide pension set-up
embracing the union's 1,000,-
000 in the automobile and allied
fields.
During the tedious 118-day bar-
gaining battle at Ford, contract
talks elsewhere marked time to
await the pattern.
WAGE TALKS are now open at
Chrysler, Briggs (maker of auto
bodies), Hudson, Studebaker,
Packard, Willys Overland and
Kaiser-Frazer.
Despite the Ford agreement,
Chrysler still presents a hurdle to
the UAW. The Chrysler contract
provides only for discussion of
wages at the present time. The
corporation contends this does not
require them to talk pensions-at
least not until the full contract
expires Aug. 1, 1950.
The union, on the other hand,
insists court decisions have estab-
lished that pensions are a wage is-
sue.
Exactly what course will be fol-
lowed against General Motors, the
UAW has not announced.

Nation Hit
As Workers
Leave Jobs
million Men Idle
In Labor Disputes
By The Associated Press
The steel strike is on.
Across the nation, more than
one-half million CIO United
Steelworkers left their jobs, swell
ing the total of idle in labor dis-
putes to more than 1,000.000.
WITH 400,000 United .Mine
Workers also off the job, the na-
tion had its first double-barreled
coal-steel strike in history.
The steel strike became ef-
fective at 12:01 a.m., Eastern
Standard Time.
Philip Murray ordered his steel
workers out at that moment in
support of the union's demand for
a program of company-financed
pensions.
BOTH MANAGEMENT and la-
bor blamed the other for the
strike. Murray and President
Benjamin F. Fairless of the U.S.
Steel Corporation gave these op-
posing views:
Murray: "This strike has been
forced upon the union and the
American people. The responsi-
bility for this strike rests entire-
ly with the company."
Fairless: "Our collective bar-
gaining negotiations have come to
a complete impasse because of the
unreasonable attitude of the un-
ion."
It was the first nationwide steel
strike since 1946.
THE DISPUTE boiled down to
this:
The union wants industry to
pay the entire cost of insurance
and pensions for the workers.
Steel is willing to pay part of the
cost but wants the workers to
chip in, too.
A presidential fact finding board
favored the all company-financed
plan.
WHILE THIS point was being
argued, three truces requested by
President Truman had staved off
a strike since last May.
Truman decided last night he
would not intervene again. A
White House official bluntly as-
serted: "He is through."
The steel strike brought the
number of strike idle in a dozen
industries in the nation to 1,044,-
000. It could spread to another
500,00 steelworkers in fabricating
plants. But these are not imme-
diately affected.
JOHN L. LEWIS, meanwhile,
ordered 102,000 coal diggers to end
their "sympathy" walkout, but
400,000 other miners continued
their strike. Lewis said the strike
of 80,000 anthracite miners in
Pennsylvania and 22,OOQ soft coal
miners west of the Mississippi is
"not now vital to the pending wage
negotiations."
Negotiations with the coal op-
erators akre deadlocked without
sign of an early break.
ti * *

Can Company
Agreement Comes
Just Before Deadline
CINCINNATI-UP-)-The Amer-
ican Can Company and the CIO
United Steelworkers agreed on
terms for a wage increase and a
company-financed pension plan
less than a half-hour before CIO
President Philip Murray's order
of a nation-wide steel strike be-
came effective.
The company and union nego-
tiators were in cnnference when

NEW CHAPTER BEGINS:
Isotope Lecture Opens
Phoenix Project Phase

By JIM BROWN
The first chapter in the 1949-50
history of the Michigan Memor-
ial-Phoenix Project will be writ-
ten next Thursday afternoon by
Hardin Jones, assistant professor
of medical physics at the Donner
Laboratory, University of Cali-
fornia.
While the gigantic $6,500,000
fund-raising campaign will not be
kicked off until the Homecoming
weekend when 200 regional drive

Meanwhile, other phases of
the Phoenix Project are already
underway on campus.
Prof. James B. Griffin of the
anthropology department is con-
ducting research on a project to
ascertain the age of ancient ar-
ticles by determining the degree
of radioactivity in them. The
measuring apparatus for this study
is being built by Prof. H. R. Crane

"DATELINE-EUROPE:
Students Impressed by 'Solid'Dutch

C

EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the
fourth in a serie sof articles by two
Daily staff members who spent the
summer in Europe as leaders of
an NSA study tour.)

esque architecture, the proverbial
neatness, the quaint customs.
People in some parts of Hol-
land stil war wonden ses-.

where in Europe was hospitality so
evident.
Even in Friesland where the
inhabitants are noted for their
reserve, the family who owned

By BARNEY and DOLORES

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