IN THE LAND
See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LX., No. 72 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JANUARY 5, 1950
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Of N.Y. Sun
NEW YORK-(P)-The New
York Sun, famous 116-year-old
newspaper, c e a s e d publication
It was sold to an afternoon
rival, the World-Telegram.
Roy Howard, editor and presi-
dent of the New York World-Tele-
gram and president of the Scripps-
Howard newspapers, announced
that beginning today his newspa-
per would be known as "The
World-Telegram and The Sun."
* * *
THE TRANSACTION was re-
garded as the most important
move in the New York newspaper
field since the merger of the
World and the Telegram in 1931.
The Sun has a circulation of
around 300,000 daily. T h e
World-Telegram's is approxi-
The Sun's name, good will and
circulation lists were sold for an
tunspecified sum. Howard said
many of The Sun's features will be
carried over into The World-Tele-
"MOUNTING costs of produc-
tion" were blamed by Thoms W.
Dewart, president and publisher
of The Sun, for the sale of the
newspaper. In a front page state-
ment Dewart said "chief among
the rising costs have been those of
labor and newsprint."
Dewart said that over the
last 10-year period "the aver-
age advance in individual pay
of The Sun's employees was 80.4
per cent. In the same period, the
price of newsprint rose from
$48 to $100 a ton."
Leaders of five unions represent-
ing 817 employees of The Sun
took an opposite view.
Sale of The Sun leaves Man-
hattan with only three afternoon
newspapers of general circulation
-The New York Post ,The Jour-
nal-American and The New York.
World-Telegram and The Sun.
LONDON - (P) - Britain an-
nounced yesterday she is sending
x troops and a warship to stop "re-
peated acts of murder and vio-
lence" in Italy's former Red Sea
colony of Eritrea.
She also has told Italy and
Ethiopia she will take "a serious
view of any action on the part of
their representatives of a kind
likely to provoke disturbance of
the peace in the territory," a For-
eign Office statement said.
Italians in Eritrea have been
subjected to attacks and am-
bushes from the natives for
The statement said a "series of
outrages" culminated on Dec. 12
in "murderous attacks on the in-
nocent citizens of Asmara itself."
Asmara, capital city of 85,000, is
65 miles inland from the main port
of Massaua. Fifty thousand of the
population are Italians. About
6,000 of Massaua's population of
17,000 are Italians.
* * *
* * *
* * *
FACULTY BEWARE-Five-year-old Brenda Leibling and Lonny
Lunde will match wits with four University professors when the
Quiz Kid program is broadcast at 3:30 p.m. Sunday from Rackham
Lecture Hall as part of the WUOM dedication program.
'U' Professors to Face
Quiz Kids at Rackham
By ROZ VIRSHUP
Four brave University professors
who have challenged the Quiz
Kids to an intellectual duel will
match minds with the precocious
youngsters when the Quiz Kids
program is broadcast at 3:30 p.m.
Sunday, at Rackham Lecture Hall.
This well known National
By The Associated Press
CAIRO - The Wafdist Party
came within one vote yesterday of
an absolute majority in Parlia-
ment in returns from Egypt's first
general election since the Pales-
The Wafdists are a strongly
nationalist party which boycotted
the parliamentary election of 1945.
They are considered mildly re-
formist and pro-western.
PORT HURON, Mich. -
Former Attorney-General Eu-
gene Black entered the gover-
nor's race yesterday and said
he was going to circulate peti-
tions asking placement of two
constitutional amendments on
the Nov. 7 ballot.
These would, he said, lower
the voting age from 21 to 18
and alter from eight to three
per cent the number of signa-
tures required for the people to
* * *
WASHINGTON - The Inter-
state Commerce Commission yes-
terday ordered many railroads to
slash their passenger service one-
third in a new emergency step to
conserve the nation's coal sup-
plies, dwindling %.s a result of the
three-day work week John L.
Lewis decreed for his United Mine
Workers last December.
Broadcasting Company program
with Joe Kelly as quizmaster is
originating in Ann Arbor as part
of the WUOM dedication pro-
* * *
PROFESSORS George Kish, of
the geography department, Leo
Goldberg chairman 'of the as-
tronomy department, Harry Clyde
Carver, of the mathematics de-
partment and Frank Livingstone
Huntley of the English depart-
ment will compete az7'nst Quiz
Kids Joel Kupperman, Lonny
Lunde, Pat Conlon and Brenda
But the faculty.contestants
are beginning to bite their finger-
"I can't understand why I
ever let myself in for all this,"
Prof. Huntley moaned. "I will
undoubtedly make a fool of
"Right now I'm moping around
waiting for my execution," he
* * *
PROF. GOLDBERG said he had
no idea of what to expect but
he was sure it would be "lots of
Asked who he thought would
win, he replied. "The kids,
of course. Otherwise there
wouldn't be much point in hav-
ing the program."
This will be the fourth venture
of the Quiz Kids into competition
with university professors. In
three contests with the Univer-
sity of Chicago faculty the young-
sters haveibeen the winners twice.
* * *
UNIVERSITY faculty members
suffered at the hands of the Quiz
Kids at their last bout in 1941
when the brain babes defeated the
panel of academians.
Prof. Preston Slosson of the
history department, a member
of the 1941 panel felt that the
contest was a fair one.
Contrary to what some people
may think the children were a
very likeable bunch, combining
intelligence with considerable
charm, he said.
* * *
PROF KISH hoped that he and
his colleagues would do better than
"I don't want to go in with a
defeatist attitude but . .
He felt that the youngsters have
a greater capacity for memoriza-
tion of facts.
Those eager to see the moppets
mop or mopped up may obtain
free tickets at the information
desk in the lobby of the Adminis-
tration Building or by writing to
the University Broadcasting Ser-
!"S T!'A ^ f, 101 T~v, . ....1 T 3_
Watkins To Head
Quentin Nesbitt, '50BAd, was
acclaimed last night as president
of Student Legislature.
Six other cabinet members were
also elected by the Legislature to
serve for the next semester. They
are Adele Hager, '50, vice-presi-
dent; Nancy Watkins, '52, cor-
responding secretary; Priscilla
Ball, '51, recording secretary;
Harvey Schatz, '50E, treasurer
and Ed Reifel, '51 and Hugh
Greenberg, '51, members-at-large.
NESBITT, who served a year
on the Legslature and a term as
vice-president, said after his ac-
clamation that he would work for
a secretariat of non-SL volunteers
to handle SL relations with other
campus groups and permanent
headquarters and an SL telephone
number with a cabinet member
on duty regular hours.
Miss Hager is the first fem-
inine vice-president of the Leg-
islature. She served as SL's
woman represenattive to the
Student Affairs Committee and
has worked on Human Relations
in the Legislature.
Recording secretary Watkins
will act as administrator for the
new secretariat. She is a member
of Alpha Lambda Delta, national1
freshman honor society, Kappa
Kappa Gamma and Women's Glee
MISS BALL, recording secre'
tary, makes the third woman to
be elected to the cabinet, one
more than last term. She is a
member of Wyvern, junior honor
society and Collegiate Sorosis.
Treasurer Harvey Schatz is
managing editor of the Tech-
nic and a member of Tau
Beta Pi, national honorary en-
gineering society and Vulcans,
senior engineering society.
Member-at-large Reifel is a
member of Sphinx, junior honor
Greenberg, second member-at-
large, is the second new cabinet
member to serve a second term,
having been a member-at-largeE
Nationalist naval sources yes-c
terday asserted China's Commun-'
ists with Russian help were mass-
ing ships for the invasion of For-
The sources said units of the
Soviet Asiatic Fleet recently ar-
rived at Dairen, augmenting the1
20' Russian submarines already
(The arrival of Russian war-
ships, which have been reported
berthed at Dairen in past win-
ters, is not unusual. Appar-
ently it is the timing which has
the nationalist navy jittery.)
Meanwhile, a responsible source
in Tokyo said the military com-
mand there disagrees with a state1
department memorandum Dec. 231
advising its spokesmen to play
down Formosa's strategic value.
NEW STUDENT LEGISLATURE--Seven SL cabinet members elected last night by Student Leg-
islators are, seated, left to right: Adele Hager, '50, vice-president; Quentin Nesbitt, '50BAd, presi-
dent; Nancy Watkins, '52, corresponding secretary. Standing, left to right: Ed Reifel, '51, member-
at-large; Priscilla Ball, '51, recording secretary ; Hugh Greenberg, '51, member-at-large; Harvey
Schatz, '50E, treasurer.
After nearly half a century of
teaching and research at the Uni-
versity, Prof. John F. Shepard ofl
the psychology department will re-
tire from active instruction at the
end of this semester.
One of the pioneers in the phys-
iological and behavioral aspects of
psychology, Prof. Shepard is well-
known for his experiments with
the learning of rats in mazes.
He has also conducted research
into the workings of the human
memory, and in human reasoning
in relation to habit since he began
his University teaching career in
1906 after earning his PhD. here.
* * *
BORN IN 1881 in Greenfield,
Illinois, Prof. Shepard received his
Bachelor of Science degree from
St. Lawrence University in 1901,
and in 1925 his Doctor of Science
As a student at the University
of Chicago in 1902-03, Prof.
Shepard was numbered among
the group of psychologists there
that first turned to the study
"His lifetime in the field prac-
tically spans the history of scien-
tific psychology," Prof. Donald G.
Marquis, chairman of the psychol-
ogy department, said yesterday.
* * *
SINCE 1918 he has been a full
professor of psychology at the Uni-
versity, after serving on the Com-
mission on Classification of Per-
sonnel during World War I. Be-
tween 1921 and 1926 he supervised
building plans here.
Well-known for his liberal
views, Prof. Shepard has worked
with student groups in anti-dis-
crimination programs. Hie has
also been active in campus re-
Following his retirement from
active teaching, he will continue
his researches in human and ani-
mal behavior, and will prepare the
results of his years of experiment
DUTY OR MURDER?:
Local Protestant Clergy
Differ on Mercy Killing
By PAUL BRENTLINGER
Diverging opinions on "mercy"
killings were expressed last night
by two local Protestant clergymen.
The recent grand jury indict-
ment of Dr. Herman N. Sander in
Manchester, N. H., for the murder
of a woman suffering from can-
cer renewed discussion of this
long-time controversial subject.
THE REV. Dr. W. P. Lemon of
the Presbyterian Church warned
of the dangers of dealing in gen-
eralities with regard to what he
described as an "ultimate ques-
tion of life and death."
He did not agree with those
who have termed such killings
as "murder," nor did he agree
with the group at the other ex-
treme-those who would make
these killings legal under cer-
According to Dr. Lemon, "the
generalities which a law would
have to make in defining 'mercy
killines' would make any such law
unsatisfactory as a solution to this
At the same tim, Dr. Le non
said that there were probaLby
some cases in which tne ending of
a person's extreme suffering by
means of death would be proper.
* * *
THE REV. Joe Porter, director
of the Wesley Foundation at the
University (the Methodist student
group), expressed definite dis-
arproval of "mercy" killings.
"Any form of 'mercy' killing
would be unjustified human in-
terference in a realm which
should be reserved for divine
Providence. Such intervention
should be prohibited by the
Of Red China Seen
LONDON - (An) - Britain plans
to recognize communist China Fri-
day or Saturday and has so noti-
fied the United States, an inform-
ed source said yesterday.
public inasmuch as the value of
human life is otherwise greatly
ne ated," according to Mr. Por-
However. Mr. Porter said that
Dr. Sanders deserved commenda-
din for the recording of his deed
in the journal of the hospital
where his patient was being treat-
It was the report of his actsn
vwhich Dr Sander dictated to the
hospital librarian that gave the
state its chief bit of evihlence in
the grand jury proceedings,
* * *
Faces Loss of
Hermann N. Sander, 40, who must
answer today an indictment
charging first degree murder in
the mercy death of an incurable
cancer patient, last night was
threatened with loss of his right
to practice medicine in New
Dr. John S. Wheeler, secretary
of the State Board of Registration
in Medicine, said that group would
meet "within 36 to 48 hours" to
determine whether Dr. Sander's
license should be revoked.
Dr. Wheeler's statement was
made on the eve of Dr. Sander's
appearance in Superior Court
to answer a charge that he
"willfully, feloniously and mali-
ciously" injected air into the
veins of Mrs. Abbie Borroto, 59,
ten minutes before she died
The doctor has admitted the.
fatal injection and contended he
did it as "an act of mercy."
Looking haggard and drawn, Dr.
Sander told reporters earlier yes-
terday that he was temporarily
turning over his practice to phy-
sician friends. He added he hadn't
slept in four nights.
By The Associated Press
man asked a cheering - jeering
Congress for a "moderate" tax
boost yesterday in a message
sparkling with confidence in the
future of a prosperous America
and a peaceful world.
Once again Mr. Truman thrust
his "fair deal" program at the
lawmakers in what politicians con-
sidered a curtain-raiser speech
for the 1950 political campaign.
HE ASKED for his program of
more social security, civil rights
legislation, medical insurance, the
Brannan Farm Plan, repeal of the
Taft-Hartley labor law, more pay
for the unemployed.
Furthermore, he said, author-
ity for the draft must be con-
tinued. It isn't being used now
and it expires in June.
In addition, he predicted that
by the year 2,000 A.D. the nation's
production will total a trillion
dollars ayear-nearly four times
what it is now.
ONCE AGAIN Congress greeted
the Truman program with mixed
and even violent reactions that
plainly indicated trouble ahead.
Democrats were for many
parts of it, but not all. Repub-
licans snorted it was "socialism"
and "rehash" and booed and
jeered the President d the
United States to his face.
More than 100 GOP House
members signed a round robin
declaring Mr. Truman had "again
given notice that he is wholly
committed to the eventual social-
ization of America."
Yet there was long, widespread
applause from legislators of both
parties at a new call to keep
pumping billions in economic and
military aid to European Nations
AT THE SAME time Speaker
Rayburn let slip yesterday that
the budget is going to be "a little
above $42,000,000,000," which he
figured would be about $1,800,000,-
000 less than this year's.
Rayburn told a news confer-
ence foreign aid and defense
spending will be slashed around
$3,000,000,000 and donestic
programs increased about $1,
With the treasury taking in
around $38,000,000,000 a year, the
budget points to more red ink-a
deficit of more than $4,000,000,000
in the fiscal year, which begins
next July 1.
In Auto Crash
Prof. Louis Granich, 40, of the
psychology department, was killed
instantly yesterday morning when
a car in which he was riding col-
lided with another automobile on
US-12 about four miles east of Al-
The-car, in which Prof. Granich
was riding, was driven by Mr&.
Donald Marquis, wife of the chair-
man of the psychology department.
MRS. MARQUIS, and her two
other passengers, University psy-
chology professors Gerald Blum,
27, and Edward Bordin, 36, suffer-
ed bruises for which they swere
treated at Sheldon Memorial Hos-
Einstein's l( New Theory
Confounds 'U' Experts
* * *
By EVA SIMON
Physics and mathematics stu-
dents cramming for finals may be
sure of one topic on which they
will not be quizzed - Einstein's
new "generalized theory of gravi-
Of ten top physicists and mathe-
maticians polled by The Daily,
only two understood the new
theory, which attempts to inter-
relate all known physical pheno-
* * *
PROF. GEORGE Y. RAINICH
of the mathematics department
said he understood Einstein's com-
plex equations, adding that they
"don't seem to be very different
from what he has been doing in
* * *
ISLAND OCCUPATION IN QUESTION:
Prof. Fifield Says U.S. Control of Formosa Doubtful
WHAT IS IT?
mm d h *
commented that it would be im-
possible to understand the equa-
tions till the entire report is made
available. Others cautiously de-
By BOA VAUGHN
In the light of present condi-
tions the United States cannot be
expected to occupy Formosa, ac-
cording to Prof. Russell H. Fifield
of the political science depart-
Fifield doubted if we could logi-
cally support Chiang Kai-Shek
now after refusing to back him to
the hilt, in his struggle on the
16R.nnn itin of the f hnP'
There is also the probability
that our intervention. would put
the United States in an unfavor-
able position in the UN, he said.
* * *
tainly embarass our positions in
the Western Pacific," he contin-
"On the other hand, our posi-
tions on Okinawa and Luzon
Min thf: nnhll-fhr~flniAR.4ci'nrri