See Page A
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LX, No. 3
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 28, 1949
PRICE FIVE CEN
I _ -_
s R WV rI r TVv ('Ii'N
To Appear Here
Mrs. Franklin Roosevelt will
speak at Hill Auditorium on Jan
25 under the sponsorship of the
University Lecture Series, it was
The former first lady will be one
of seven distinguished speakers
scheduled to appear in Ann Arbor
during the 1949-50 season.
* * *
OTHER SPEAKERS will be
Mary Garden, former opera sing-
er; Leland Stowe, journalist;
Adolphe Menjou, actor; Dr.nRalph
J. Bunch, chief of the UN Trus-
teeship Division; John Mason
Brown, critics; and King Peter of
The first lecture, on Oct. 5.
will bring to the Hill Auditorium
stage Miss Garden, who for a
quarter of a century was the
toast of the operatic world.
The 72 year old singer, retired
since 1934, will leave her Scotland
home for a speaking tour in this
country. She will discuss "My
Memories of the Opera."
* * *
ON OCT. 26 the spotlight will
shine on Pulitzer Prize winner
Stowe, who is now foreign editor
of "The Reporter" Magazine.
Stowe will talk on the topic "We
Still Have Time To Win The
Menjou will draw on his thirty
years experience as an actor and
well-rounded knowledge of the
motion picture industry for a
talk on the "Stairway to Star-
dom" on Nov. 7.
"United Nations Intervention in
Palestine" will be discussed on
Nov. 28 by Dr. Bunche, chief of
the United Nations Trusteeship
BROWN, associate editor of the
"Saturday Review of Literature"
. will appear.in AnnArbor for the
fourth consecutive year in a dis-
course on "Broadway in Review"
on Jan. 19.
Mrs. Roosevelt's lecture will
deal with "The Citizen's Re-
sponsibility to the United Na-
tions." She is a U.S. delegate to
the United Nations and is chair-
man of the Committee on Hu-
man Rights for UNESCO.
King Peter II of Yugoslavia will
'l "The Story of My Country" on
Feb. 15. He was ruler of his coun-
try 'while still in his 'teens and
kept that post until Yugoslavia
was overrun by Hitler.
SEASON TICKETS for the lec-
ture series may be purchased from
10 a.m. to 1 p.m. and from 2 to 5
p.m. in the Box Office of Hill Au-
Single tickets will be on sale the
day preceding each lecture.
By The Associated Press
While negotiators tried to head
off a nationwide steel strike last
night, President David B. Robert-
son announced that the Brother-
hood of Locomotive Firemen and
Enginemen will strike next month
against all major railroads.
The threatened railway strike
is in protest against rejection by a
Presidential emergency board
Sept. 19 of a union demand for
an extra crewman on diesel en-
Steel negotiators, emerging
tightlipped from the meeting,
failed to comment on speculation
that big U.S. Steel Corporation,
bellwether of the industry, is ready
to offer to settle the pension dis-
pute with the powerful CIO United
Possibility of an offer was seen
when Murray waited hours for the
company to agree to resume dis-
Permits Clarified '
The University's position on
married students driving without'
permission was clarified yester-
day by John Gwin, of the Office of
(EDITOR'S NOTE: 'This is the first in a series of articles by two Daily
staff members who spent the summer in Europe as leaders of an NSA Study
By BARNEY and DOLORES LASCHEVER
We couldn't trust our senses.
That-briefly-sums up our impression of Europe during a two-
month tour of the continent and the British Isles.
We invariably discovered we had to penetrate beyond what we saw
and heard to get a true picture of Europe in the summer of 1949.
WE HAD BEEN advised to view Europe with an "open mind" by
the orientation staff aboard the S. S. Volendam, which carried some
"1500 American and Canadian stu-
WASHINGTON-(A) - The
House yesterday voted pay in-
creases for about 500,000 postal
employes and sent along to the
White House another bill to boost
pay for most members of the
The Postal Pay Measure, which
goes to the Senate, would cost an
estimated $180,000,000 a year.
* * *
THE BILL raising military pay
scales, now ready for President
Truman's signature, adds more
than $300,000,000 annually to fed-
eral payroll expense. The House
completed Congressional action'by
accepting amendments tacked on
by the Senate in passing the legis-
The Senate, meanwhile, got
ready to debate a less costly but
more controversial measure to
boost salaries of top federal
executives. The House already
has passed the bill.
House approval of the Postal
Pay Measure, which Mr. Truman
has opposed through the Budget
Bureau, was by an overwhelming
332 to,2,xoll call vote. Only Reps.
Wheeler (Dem., Ga.) and Hoff-
man (Rep., Mich) voted against it.
OPPOSITION to the bill had
been raised earlier by the Post Of-
fice Department and also by the
Civil Service Commission.
The Commission objected on
grounds that it discriminates in
favor of postal employes by com-
parison with other government
Managers and chairmen of all
activities must clear eligibility of
student participation in campus
projects with the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs, Mrs. Ruth T. Calla-
han, of the Office of Student Af-
fairs, announced yesterday.
Before permitting any student to
hold any position the president or
manager should require a certifi-
cate of eligibility and should sign
it, she emphasized.
Eligibility list forms may be ob-
tained in the OSA, 1020 Adminis-
tration Building and are due Oc-
Eligibility cards, to be secured
within the first two weeks of the'
semester, are issued every after-
noon from 1 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. in;
the lobby of the Administration
dents to Europe for the summer
Some of these students were
traveling on the organized NSA
tours; some were members of 40
odd organizations like the Expe-
riment in International Living
-which works on the theory
that the best way to know a
country is to live there with a
family-and the United Friends
Service. Some , were on their
The orientation staff included
representatives of the American
and Dutch student organizations,
which had arranged for the all-
student ship, and professors and
other authorities chosen for their
experience in international rela-
* ~* *
THE ORIENTATION program
consisted of intensive language
courses, daily lectures and discus-
sions on the politics, economics
and backgrounds of the countries
to be visited as well as problems
likely to be encountered by the
Recreation was also an im-
portant part of the program.
The students were eager, curi-
ous and enthusiastic-most
tried to be open-iinded. Some
were not, others could not be.
When the Volendam left Rot-
terdam August 31 there were as
many different opinions on board
as there were passengers.
EVEN TRAINED observers could
not hope to have definitive opin-
See TRAVELING, Page 3
By The Associated Press
Russia figured heavily' in the
news yesterday as Yugoslavia and
China moved against her in the
United Nations while in Washing-
ton the Soviets agreed to return a
batch of lend-lease ships.
Yugoslavia announced she
would run against Soviet-spon-
sored Czechoslovakia for the Se-
curity Council seat allotted to
THE YUGOSLAV announce-
ment came a few hours after an
authoritative American delegation
source said the United States had
decided to support Yugoslavia's
China charged yesterday in the
UN that the Soviet Union is
threatening the independence and
territory of China and the peace
of the whole Orient.
And in Washington, Russia
agreed to turn back 30 lend lease
vessels by December 1, after four
years of prodding.
bituminous mines guarded heavily
by gun muzzles and state police
went back into production in
western Pennsylvania yesterday-
openly defying John L. Lewis'
striking United Mine Workers.
The five-county Clearfield area
northeast of Pittsburgh took on
the semblance of an armed camp.
Rifles, shotguns and pistols bris-
tledsat pit openings as pickets
roamed the countryside. Some
roads leading to workings were
mined with dynamite.
* * *
MINE OWNERS VOWED:
"We're going to stay in opera-
tion from now on unless we're shot
out of it."
State police reinforcements,
rushed in after pleas for help
to Governor James I. Duff,
swiftly arrested 17 pickets in a
drive to ward off violence. No
The region became a powder
keg in the nationwide "no pen-
sion no work" walkouts of Lewis'
480,000 diggers. The nine-day-old
strike developed from suspension
of UWM welfare fund payments
because Lewis claims Southern op-
erators shut off 20-cent a ton roy-
alty payments in their fight with
the UWM chief over a new con-
* * *
AS THE STRIKE rolled on other
developments dotted the picture
across the country:
Sheriff Bryant A. Nelson
called for state aid in Utah to
prevent possible clashes between
strikes and residents of Emery
A picketed coal mine at Pinck-
neyville, Ill., closed after disputed
reports of violence. Sheriff Tom
O'Keefe said 40 UMW strikers had
picketed non-unionists at a strip
or surface project.
OHIO HAD motorized bands of'
miners continuing to close strip
mines after roving bands forced
truckers to dump coal loads.
Picketing of non-union work-
ings occurred anew in West Vir-
ginia. The Kanawha County
School Board stopped it school
bus run near Charleston due to
possibility of fighting between
pickets and non-union diggers.
Some 1,100 non-union Pennsyl-
vania workers went back to the
coal beds in the Clearfield area
where 35 operations reopened. The
pits closed last week due to picket-
ing by unionized bands.
Must Be Filed
Student organizations recog-
nized by the Committee on Stu-
dent Affairs must file a copy of
their constitutions with Mrs. Ruth
Callahan in the Office of Student
Affairs by Nov. 1.
Originally proposed by the Stu-
dent Legislature last spring, the
constitution file resulted from an
SAC ruling on May 3.
* * *
IN ADDITION, an SL resolution
asking the SAC to refuse recogni-
tion to any future organization
which prohibits membership be-
cause of race, religion or color was
passed by the SAC at the same
Both resolutions were based
on the report of the SL's Com-
mittee on Discrimination, set
up to study reports _of discrim-
inatory practices in campus
housing units, and had the sup-
port of all the major campus
housing groups, including IFC,
Pan Hel, Assembly and the
The housing groups had sub-
mitted results of a survey taken
independently and reported to the
SL, indicating the amount of dis-
crimination already in existence.
IFC'S REPORT indicated 22
fraternities with 33 restrictive
clauses and 13 without.
Of those covered, ten were
anti-Jewish, four pro-Jewish
and three prohibited member-
ship to Catholics. Approximate-
ly twenty were reported restrict-
ed to Caucasians.
"WOMEN'S HALLS"--Three operators work at the new "master switchboard on the hill" connecting
calls for 1600 women in Mosher-Jordan, Stockwell and the New Women's Dorm. In operation since
the beginning of the semester, the switchboard is part of a new system to provide better telephone
service to the dormitories.
, eete*l* * * * *
MenGe New Lin oCed
By NANCY BYLAN
A new phone number is destined
for those little black books-31561.
In October this number will be-
come key to the "master switch-
board on the hill," through which
pass all the out-going and in-com-
ing calls of Mosher-Jordan, Stock-
well, and the New Women's Dorm.
* * * o
LOCATED BEHIND the office
of the New Dorm, the switchboard
began operation this semester. It
consists of three sections, each a
complete unit in itself, having an
operator, an alphabetical file of
the residents' names" and three
panels, one for each dorm.
The master switchboard
serves some 1,600 women. By
the middle of October the board
Aspiring Soph Singers
Needed for 'Tug Week'
"Where are you? .. .Now that
we need you .. ."
So goes the song of Adele Hager,
director of "Soph Satire," as she
continues searching for aspiring
sophomore singers for the musical
comedy to be held as a part of
"Tug Week," Friday, Oct. 14.
* * * i
MANY MORE singers, both men
and women, for solo and chorus
parts are needed if "Soph Satire"
is to be presented to the freshmen
as scheduled, Miss Hager said.
"Experience is not necessary, as
long as you can hold a note and
want to have fun," she declared.
Sophomores interested in sing-
ing, as well as stage technicians,
may contact Miss Hager from 4
p.m. to 6 p.m. today in Rm. 3G
at the Union.
Students unable to come at this
time may call Miss Hager tonight
at Martha Cook Dormitory.
"Tug Week," to be held from
Oct. 10 to 15, is a project of the
Student Legislature, established
under the supervision of Bill Grip-
man, '50E, to revive school spirit
and the old "rah-rah" traditions.
During this week the freshmen
and sophomores will attend rallies,
and have a tug-of-war across the
Seniors' Pie Dates
Appointments for senior pic-
tures are now being taken.
Seniors and graduates who plan
to have their pictures appear in
the 1950 Michiganensian may
make appointments from 2 p.m. to
5 p.m. daily on the second floor of
the Student Publications building.
Huron River. Friday, the soph-
omores will put on the musical
comedy, "Soph Satire" for the
freshmen. A dance on Saturday
night will conclude the festivities.
will have enough lines to ac-
commodate 50 separate conver-
sations going on simultaneously,
according to Robert D. Maurer,
service engineer with the Bell
Another feature is 10 tie lines
which connect the women's dorms
directly with the East and West
Quads, the biggest source of in-
coming calls, Maurer said. The tie
lines have been partially installed
and will be completed within two
weeks, he added.
* * *
MAURER EXPLAINED that
the switchboard and master num-
ber are part of a joint University-
telephone company plan to give
better service to the dormitories.
Operators of the new switch-
board find it an improvement
over the old arrangement, but
still suffer through the congest-
ed hours, which begin at 5 p.m.
and last until the switchboard
closes at 10:30.
The new system doesn't change
the old habit of talking beyond the
three-minute limit, they ex-
plained. Another reason for con-
tinued tie-ups is the failure of
callers to give the name of the
house they want. as well as the
room number, added one operator.
The new system has also left
untouched the ratio of 25 women
to one phone and the impossibility
of making intra-dorm calls.
Milt Freudenheim, Daily Editor-
ial Director in 1947, may recover
in "a matter of time" from what
doctors at Akron City Hospital
call "temporary paralysis."
Freudenheim, a reporter on the
Akron Beacon Journal, was strick-
en last week with a paralysis that
doctors have not yet diagnosed.
It is not polio.
Harriett Friedman, Daily Man-
aging Editor last year, flew from
Europe where she was vacationing
to be with Freudenheim. They
are engaged to be married.
Sought by Cripps
LONDON--WP)-The Labor gov-
ernment raised the tax on business
profits and threatened to restrict
dividends by law in defending de-
valuation of the pound at 9n
emergency session of Parliament
At the same time it turned
thumbs down on fatter wage enve-
lopes to prevent an inflationary
cycle arising from cheapening the
SIR STAFFORD CRIPPS, eco-
nomics minister and chancellor of
the exchequer, made these moves
in the House of Commons in open-
ing the cabinet's appeal for a vote
But Oliver Stanley, lieutenant
of Conservative leader Winston
Churchill, rapped devaluation as
"just one more expedient" and
cried, "we have no confidence in
the government." He said the
opposition would challenge the
government by seeking to amend
the motion of confidence.
Prime Minister Attlee made no
comment on a proposal by labor-
ite Capt. A. R. Blackburn that the
Prime Minister, President Truman
and Prime Minister Stalin hold
an atomic conference.
THE LABOR government went
into the special three-day debate
on devaluation after a secret cau-
cus of Labor members of Parlia-
ment which was reported to
general agreement to suppo
Meanwhile, the French cabinet,
which yesterday failed to find a
compromise formula for closing
the gap between prices and wages,
heard Finance Minister Maurice
Petsche argue that Britain's de-
valuation of the pound means
France faces a struggle for inter-
national trade that dwarfs the
domestic wage and price problem.
* * *
Britain's wage freeze and in-
crease on profits taxes is a strate-
gic move both economically and
politically, according to Proft
Wolfgang Stolper of the econom-
"Economically, Britain devalued
the pound in an attempt to get
back on her feet," Stolper said.
"But to keep the good effects o
devaluation, she will have to pre-
vent price and income inflation."
* * *
AND THE WAGE freeze and
profits tax increase are her an-
swer, he said.
By freezing wages, and all in-
comes, the government can stifle
a demand on products, which
otherwise shoot prices up, he
By keeping consumer power
down, it is hoped Britain will be
able to export more, mainly to the
dollar area (the United States and
Canada), and pull herself out of
near-ruin, he said. She must deal
with this area first because she
has a deficit in her dealings with
these countries, he added.
* * *
ALTHOUGH BRITAIN has no
intention of curtailing the govern-
ment's social services (food sub-
sidies, retirement pay and social
medicine), Stolper explained that
if some of them were restricted,
England might have more prod-
ucts to export.
The move is obviously political,
too, Stolper declared. If devalua-
tion backfires into inflation and
the Labor Government cannot do
anything about it, it would likely
lose the vote of confidence coming
up on Thursday, he said.
Veterans enreIled in the
KEY TO SUCCESS:
'Notable' Try-wouts Will
Meet at Daily Tomorrow
versity may now apply for Bomber
Scholarships at the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs, 1020 Administration.
Applications, which may be ob-
tained from Ivan W. Parker, As-
sistant to the Dean of Students,
will be accepted through Oct. 7.
Each applicant will be interviewed
by the Committee on University
Scholarships on Oct. 12-14.
* * *
THE SCHOLARSHIPS, carry-
ing a stipend of $100 each, are
open to any veteran who was in
the armed services for at least a
year and who has been enrolled in
the University for two semesters.
Conceived by Arthur P. Rude,
'49L, the Bomber Scholarship
Fund was established in 1942
to provide financial aid for stu-
dents whose education was in-
terrupted by the war.,
The fund was raised through
donations of part of the net re-
ceipts from campus social func-
tions. A total of $22,500 in war
bonds was raised.
Last semester 38 veterwns were
awarded the scholarships.
Novelists, foreign correspond-
ents, governors, editors and adver-
tising magnates will assemble at
4 p.m. tomorrow in the Student
Publications Building to try out
for The Daily.
You won't recognize any nota-
bles among the group that gathers
for this first Daily tryout meeting,
but they'll be there. It's a sure
n * * *
THERE'S A FILE of former
staffers in the Daily senior edito-
rial office that contains every-
thing from soup to nuts in the field
of successful men.
THOMAS E. DEWEY was a
telegraph editor on the Daily dur-
ing his years at Michigan.
Brewster P. Campbell, an-
other ex-managing editor,
served a stretch as city editor of
the Detroit Free Press.
And reporters-they're a dime a
dozen in the files of former Daily
staffers. You can find Daily
alumni writing for newspapers
from Maine to California.
* * *
AN ADVERTISING manager
for the Chicago Tribune worked
for the Daily.
FIFTH FLOOR, PLEASE:
Ad BuildingBoasts Ghost Elevators.
By JOHN DAVIES
Elevators in the Administration
Building are completely unpredict-
I"Thi-r'rp the frienciliest al vn-
often than the local," she con-
An explanation of this phenom-
ena was given by Harry Fisher,
Further, Fisher explained, the
elevators are set to return to the
first floor automatically, which