THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1949
GiveB Em a -reak
T HE UNITED STATES has grown up un-
der the principle of gi ,ng the little guy
a break. It is a national philosophy.
This country, along with the rest of the
major powers i the werld, seems to have
abandoned this principle in international
At Lake Success the little guys of the
world are beginning to complain. The small
countries complain that they are mere kibit-
zers at the mercy of the Western and Rus-
sian power blocs.
The representatives of these nations have
called for a halt of the rivalry between the
United States and Russia. Salvador Lopez of
the Philippines has asked the two countries
to let each other alone and.to stop the "mi-
Although it would not be as simple as
this to end international disputes, the
large nations in the UN c uld change their
attitudes toward smaller ones.
If the United States and Russia do not
disregard the little countries altogether, they
seek to add them to their string of dupes.
When the little countries are captured, they
are maneuvered in world affairs as puppets
on a stage.
When the small nations state their opin-
ions on world matters, their views are
played up or down according to their de-
gree of agreement or rebuttal of the large
The people of the Philippines, Iraq, Peru
and all the rest have as much right to a
place in world affairs as the United States,
Russia and their satellites. It is time that
the big boys give the little guys a break.
At the State .. .
OH YOU BEAUTIFUL DOLL . . . Mark
Stevens, June ilaver, and "Cuddles" Sa-
THIS IS another film "biography" of a
popular song composer. Instead of the
struggling young man of talent, S. Z. Sakall,
a struggling older man of talent, is the pro-
Fancying himself as a serious artist, he
and his wife and daughter are barely able
to keep the wolf from the door, until he
bumps into Mark Stevens, a song plugger,
who translates Sakall's songs into the
popular idiom, against the artist's will,
and makes a success out of him.
While this musical has more plot than
most of its predecessors, it has less music
that anyone would care to listen to. Stevens,
a nice young man with a startling resem-
blance to Lew Ayres, does most of the sing-
ing. This is a pity since his voice is out of
place anywhere except under a shower.
If you like such songs as "Peg o My
Heart," "I Want You To Want. Me,"
"here's a Broken Light for Every Bro-
ken Heart on Broadway," and "You Great
Big Beautiful Doll," this picture might be
your dish of tea, unless you find large
doses of "Cuddles" Sakall as unpalatable
as I do.
For a musical this film is relatively unpre-
tensious, and except for the inane finale
free of any of the lavish production numbers
which louse up most of the "composer-bio-
But since a musical can be no better than
its music this picture is strictly second rate.
-Kirk R. Hlampton
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: DAVE THOMAS
At the Michigan .
ROPE OF SAND, with Burt Lancaster,
Paul Henreid, Claude Rains, and Corinne
THIS IS BUILT on the interesting Holly-
wood doctrine, Fabricate a sadistic char-
acter and you have a plot, and futhermore,
good movie fare.
The sadist in this case is Paul Henreid,
who indulges his urges as commandant of
police in a South African diamond, field.
As the foremost butt of his sadistic ten-
dencies, Burt Lancaster portrays the up-
standing young man who has been unjust-
ly dealt with and sets about to revenge
Between the two, egging them on to des-
troy each other, is a diamond company of-
ficial Claude Rains. To carry out his schemes
he drags in a lush French tramp, played by
Corinne Calvet. Peter Lorre wanders through
the scenes muttering pseudo-philosophical
phrases which are intended to delude the
audience into thinking the movie is great.
Now, no one can be deluded that easily.
To begin with, the movie is lousy with
type characters, with no attempt made to
see behind the situation. These various char-
acters are rather difficult to follow, as they
move through the episodic plot.
Though all the players seem to be doing
something every minute, the middle of
the picture is reached before the film gets
moving. As the movie is a chiller, such
slowness is inexcusable.
The dialogue was far from scintillating,
and the various situations were not milked
for full dramatic value. Nevertheless, the
movie is entertaining, which should be
enough to recommend it in this period of
Strike C st
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON -- The nation will be
months recovering from the effects of
the coal and steel strikes, but the disputes
demonstrated one healthy fact: American
industry and labor have "grown up" in their
labor relations. The strikes were attended by
almost no violence.
It hasn't been many years since violence
and bloodshed were the rule in major strikes.
As recently as May, 1937, Chicago police
pursued and shot down steel union pickets,
killing four instantly and fatally injuring six
others in the May-Day Massacre at Repub-
lHowever, except for a few minor outbreaks
in coal-mining areas, both management and
labor recently demonstrated that the Amer-
ican spirit of fair play can be made to work
in labor disputes. Much credit belongs to
CIO President Phil Murray and his steel
vorkers for peaceful, self-policed picket
lines; also to certain employers, notably the
Jones and Laughlin Steel Company.
Former Admiral Ben Moreell, far-sighted
President of Jones and Laughlin, saw to it
that union pickets at his plants got free hot
coffee and doughnuts almost every night.
Moreell also ordered that huts, equipped with
electric heaters, be built for the pickets and
even installed a telephone in a hut at the
Aliquippa, Pennsylvania, plant so the strik-
ers could communicate with Union Head-
Moreel also made a practice, whenever
possible, of personally visiting the picket
lines for a friendly chat. There was nothing
patronizing about it. The salty, likeable for-
mer sea dog respected the position of the
strikers as much as they respected his.
There were some bright moments, too, in
the gruelling 52-day coal strike. In the past
most company stores shut off credit during
strikes. However, this year practically all the
big coal companies continued credit during
the long strike. In the South, several opera-
tors provided hot meals for miners' children
when they heard the youngsters were going
to school without breakfast.
All in all, it was a far cry from the hot
tempers and tear gas of a decade ago.
- LUSTRON BUBBLE TO BREAK -
THE LUSTRON BUBBLE is about to ex-
What looked like a worth-while dream
to solve the nation's housing shortage ov-
ernight by mass-producing prefabricated
homes, has turned into a nightmare. Mil-
lions in RFC loans have been poured into
Lustron, but only a trickle of ready-made
houses have come out.
Now Congress has turned on the heat, and
Lustron is beginning to topple.
First to pull out will be Truman's cousin,
Merl Young, former RFC examiner, whose
wife is also one of President Truman's pri-
vate secretaries. In spite of these ties, Young
hasn't begged for favors for Lustron, has
kept out of the lobbying end of the business.
He is handing in his resignation effective
- NAVY FLOUTS JOHNSON AGAIN -
T HE LAST OFFICIAL document, signed by
outgoing Admiral Denfeld, is a final slap
at Secretary of Defense Johnson.
It is the annual report of the Chief of
Naval Operations to the Secretary of the
Navy, just off the press. And by releasing it,
the Navy violated the spirit of Johnson's
order against separate annual reports by the
Last June the Navy objected to the order
on the ground that Congress was entitled to
a separate report from each service, but the
Secretary of Defense, after considering all
arguments, stuck to his guns. He issued his
order on August 1 in a private memo to the
Army, Navy and Air Force.
Despite this, the Navy defied Johnson's or-
der, and issued its own annual report any-
way. Theoretically it got around Johnson's
order by addressing the report to the Secre-
tary of the Navy. But when a representative
of this column took a copy into Secretary of
the Navy Matthews for comment, he was
"What's this?" he asked. "I haven't seen
that. Here, let me look at it."
The report was marked: "Report on your
Navy, Mr. Secretary. Annual report of the
Chief of Naval Operations to the Secretary
of the Navy." Nevertheless, that was the first
Secretary Matthews had seen of it.
(Copyright, 1949, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
JOHN L. LEWIS was chased around Wash-
ington the other day by some press
When finally they had cornered him, he
"You're interfering with my private busi-
ness," he stormed.
People who live in glass houses
people who choke off a nation's coal sup-
The former shouldn't throw stones. The
latter shouldn't plead the sanctity of "priv-
-St. Louis Star-Times
"Al aybe '1)(W'e Could Sort-Of Tame Himl Gradually"
- - -
1/ ~ 1
XettetP TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, andletters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited, or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
[DAILY OFFICIAL BULLEII
(Cotinued from Page 3)
Mr. Powell is a pupil of Gilbert
Student Recital: Mary Ham-
mond, soprano, will present a re-
cital at 4:15 p.m., Tues., Nov. 22,
Rackham Assembly Hall. A pupil
of Harold Haugh, Miss Hammond
has chosen compositions by Pur-
cell, Bach, Mozart, Schumann, Du-
parc, Fourdrain, Debussy, Sibeli-
us, Glanville, Rogers, Dittenhav-
er and Warren. The program is
given in partial fulfillment of the
Master of Music requirements.
Open to the public.
Student Science Society: 9 p.m.,
3005 Chemistry Bldg.
SRA Executive Council: 7 p.m.,
Undergraduate Psychology So-
ciety: Discussion Group in Clini-
cal Psychology, 8 p.m., 4142 Nat-
ural Science. Dr. Lowell E. Kelly,
will address the group on The
Boulder Conference on Training
in Clinical Psychology.
Varsity Band: Organizational
meeting and discussion of plans
7:30 p.m., Harris Hall. All stu-
dents (regardless of ability) inter-
ested in band work are invited.
English Journal Club: Open
meeting, 8 p.m., East Conference
Room, Rackham Bldg. Mr. Strow-
an Robertson of the Speech De-
partment and Inter-Arts Union,
will discuss certain problems re-
lated to the writing and produc-
ing of modern poetic drama, name-
ly, '. S. Eliot's Murder in the Ca-
Christian Science Organization:
Testimonial meeting, 7:30 p.m.
Upper Room, Lane Hall. All are
Hillel Social Committee: Open
meeting, 4:15 p.m., Union. Plans
for the program for the rest of this
semester are to be made.
Square Daice Group: 7-10 p.m.,
Am. Inst. of Chem. Eng.: 7:30
p.m., Terrace Room, Union. Speak-
er, Prof. Joe Lee Davis, "Pariodies
American Society for Public Ad-
ministration: Social Seminar, 7:30
p.m.. West Conference Room,
(Continued on Page 5)
The Inter - Fraternity
Glee Club: 7:15 p.m.,
Sigma Rho Tau, engineering
speech society: Meeting, 7 p.m., E.
Discussion of Refutation and
Cross Examination and a special
attraction-A skit "The Killers"
by the Dramatics Circle.
Canterbury Club: 7:30-9:30 p.m.,
Champlain's Seminar, conducted
by Rev. Burt, on the basic doc-
trines of the Christian faith.
U. of M. Hostel Club: Meeting,
7:30 p.m., main floor, Lane Hall,
followed by square dancing.
MATTER OF FACT
by JOSEPH ALSOP
WASHINGTON--Certain signs and por-
tents have sent the experts in foreign
offices all over the world scurrying for their
intelligence files on a squat, plump man with
heavy, saturnine features. This is Georgi M.
Malenkov, who now seems the most likely
successor to Josef Stalin as dictator of the
vast Soviet Empire.
Malenkov is now one of the half dozen
or so key figures in the world, and it is
time to inquire what manner of man he
is. The answer is inconclusive, as Always
where the Kremlin is concerned. But the
intelligence files suggest th.t he is, as
much as one man can be a copy of anoth-
er, a carbon of Josef Stalin himself. Mal-
enkov got his start to power in the twen-
ties when he served as Stalin's private
secretary, and since that time he has con-
sistently aped the dictator's manner and
his dress, including the short, military-
looking jacket and the simple cap.
Moreover, like Stalin, Malenkov is no the-
oretician or intellectual. He is an operator,
a maneuverer, and again like Stalin, he has
derived his power from the authority to as-
sign all Communists to their jobs.
The turning points in his career were
marked -by two speeches. One of these in
February, 1941, marked his rise to real pow-
er. The other, in February, 1946, was follow-
ed by a two-year eclipse.
IN THE FIRST, he attacked devastatingly
the whole system of Soviet industry and
transport, for shameful inefficiency, as well
as for "unculturedness and filthiness." This
was the prelude to a' major purge in Soviet
industry (of which Molotov's wife is report-
ed to have been one of the victims) and to
Malenkov's becoming an alternate and later
a full member of the Politburo.
In the second speech, Malenkov sneered
at over-orthodox Marxists, "people who
have quotations from Marx and Lenin
ready for every occasion and every pre-
text." This speech was followed by Zhdan-
ov's ruthless drive for strict ideological
orthodoxy, and in turn by Malenkov's re-
moval as secretary of the Communist cen-
tral committee and a two-year stretch of
obscurity. Malenkov's rebirth coincided
with Zhdanov's death in August, 1948, and
with Marshal Tito's defiance of the Krem-
lin. Malenkov is believed to have opposed
Zhdanov's plans for disciplining Tito.
Yet there is no evidence whatsoever to
suggest that Malenkov is a "moderate" op-
posed to the "extremism" of Zhdanov. His
difference with Zhdanov concerned not ends
but means. Like Stalin himself Malenkov is
interested simply in power-"It is no secrft
that even our friends respect us because we
are strong," Malenkov has said repeatedly-
and in the Marxist ideology chiefly as an
instrument of power. In this sense again, he
thinks like Stalin. And he is believed to
have climbed back to become Stalin's first
favorite, not because he favored moderation
but because of his greater militance in ad-
vocating the building of Soviet military
strength and the extension of Soviet power.
The fact is that there are no "moderates"
in the Kremlin. It is still possible that when
the great dictator dies, a fierce internal
struggle for power will ensue, and it is just
conceivable that this struggle will shift the
basic direction of Soviet policy. But it is
a great deal more likely that, whether Sta-
lin's power is inherited by Malenkov or Mol-
otov or another, the bitter contest which
has gripped the world will continue, not
for years, but for generations.
(copyright, 1949, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
Fordney & Niem .. .
To the Editor:
READING the letter by the two
stout upholders of "old Ameri-
can tradition" published in Satur-
day's Daily not only left me with
a feeling of dismay but with the
slight urge to fling my pin in some
The method of attack on Inde-
pendent life was indicative of a
complete starvation of a basic
knowledge of the "Social Graces"
which they so glibly pointed out as
their "sour grapes" opponents,
who are, according to them, "intel-
lectually and culturally unable to
meet the rigid standards," and
pining their hearts out because
they are not "preserving the social
graces, enjoyingfurther investi-
gations into the classics" and
maintaining "fine and gracious
If some people would climb
down from their self appointed
lofty thrones (possibly in between
pledge duties of pushing a broom),
stop calling other people inferiors
and "those who don't belong" and
realize that much needed under-
standing (which in this type of
fracass, in all fairness, is often a
two way proposition) is gained not
by socially sneering down on an-
other group but by an honest at-
tempt at cooperation-they would
gain more of the many benefits
which are theirs to be gained by
affiliation and also come to the
realization that those "who don't
belong" are also deriving numer-
ous benefits (fully including social
groups) which are everyone's
privilege to be gained in a top in-
stitute of higher education.
A little more discretion on the
part of the AIM would not hurt
their situation either.
-Edward S. Rorem
* * *
To the Editor:
SPEAKING for a group of sin-
cere, though seemingly mis-
informed young men, we, in our
humble way, desire to present a
few modest comments on the let-
ter on November 19, written by
Edward C. Fordney and Preston
Neimi, concerning the attacks on
fraternities. In your letter, Messrs.
F. and N., you resent "being in-
structed by people ignorant to the
Greek-letter way of life"; you'
claim, "these people are express-
ing the old sour grapes attitude of
those who don't belong"; you be-
lieve that fraternities preserve the
social graces, the further investi-
gation into the classics, and the
maintenance of fine and gracious
living from the on-slaught of the
masses; you state that attempts
to rule out and hamper fraterni-
ties are attacks on American tradi-
Now we hate to arouse resent-
ment of the Greek-letter way of
life; we hate to express a sour
grapes attitude; we hate to prevent
the maintenance of fine and gra-
cious living; and we hate to ham-
per American tradition by attack-
ing fraternities; but let's chop up
your balcony and see what kind of
hash it makes.
You sanctify your irrational ar-
guments by specious association of
Americanim with the fraternity
system. Assuming that American-
ism is still synonomous with de-
mocracy, what kind of American-
ism is itto restrict culture to the
few? Who gave you the right to
claim that you are preserving cul-
ture? Culture is produced by all
people and belongs to all the peo-
ple. Who produced George Gersh-
win? We suppose the lower East
side of New York is one of our bet-
tet known fraternities.
Alexander Hamilton expressed
a contempt for the masses and
tried to make our country an aris-
tocracy, but he was prevented by
Thomas Jefferson who had a great
trust in the common people for
whom you show such contempt.
Jefferson seemed to think that the
people were well fitted to rule
themselves and preserve culture;
and we think that Jefferson con-
ceptss represent America rather
than your Hamiltonian ideas of
aristocracy. It also seems to me
that you are making an under-
handed defense of fraternities'
loathsome practice of discrimina-
tion. Your whole letter reeks of
the approval of segregation tradi-
tions and as is typical with any in-
trenched tradition, you are at-
tempting to continue it.
We hope that the ideas and atti-
tudes expressed in your letter are
not typical of all fraternities.
To the Editor:
AS A FRATERNITY man, I
would like to correct some fal-
lacies in Edward Fordney and
Preston Neimi's letter concerning
"the recent attacks . . . on frater-
1-Without arguing whether
fraternities are right or wrong, I
maintain that if we cannot answer
the criticisms of those who oppose
us, then there is something funda-
mentally wrong with us (and not
them). I suggest that the current
attack of the AIM on fraternities
is just what is needed to either get
fraternities 'on the ball' or to get
rid of them. One or the other is
2-Marx's Theory of Class
Struggle is scientifically invalid.
In their constant references to in-
dependent men as "the masses"
and "the hordes," these men have
committed themselves to a false
generalization. Also, it is ludi-
crous to imply-as they did-that
independents are "intellectually
and culturally unable to meet the
rigid standards." If you call a "C"
average a rigid standard of culture
or intellect then I stand corrected.
However, in addition to the men
who do not have the specious per-
sonality, the necessary finances,
and the correct racial or religious
background, there are some men
that don't approve of fraternities
and who have the conviction to re-
3-The only "investigations in-
to the classics" that I have been
able to make have been in spite
of fraternity. Also, let us not mis-
take "fine and gracious living" for
luxurious living. As for "social
graces," good manners are not a
monopoly of Greeks. Or, do they
refer to the 'glad-hand' that we
are so prone to give?
4-In equating their fraternity
heritage to 'the American tradi-.
tion,' they have broken a funda-
mental rule of logic, the Law of
Parsimony. That is, this discus-
sion should not be at a higher
level than is necessary to deal
with thbe subject matter. Fraterni-
ties have no bearings on the
'American tradition,' per se, and if
anything are the very anthithesis,
of it. ,What they have described
as charting "its inferiority com-
plex" is, in reality, the American
tradition, par excellence.
-Gerald Edward Gaull
* * *
To the Editor:
MR. FORDNEY and Mr. Neimi
are to be congratulated on
their clever letter published last
Saturday; it is at once a pene-
trating satire on the Michigan
fraternity situation and a gentle
reprimand to the AIM for choos-
ing the less effectual approach to
the problem. The letter presents
two levels of appeal, and, unfor-
tunately, any negative comment on
the letter will arise from the in-
evitable few who will completely
misunderstand the intent and con-
text of the letter.
The amount of angry comment
about Neimi's and Fordney's letter
will serve as an index to the num-
ber of students on this campus
who permit their passions and pre-
conceptions to incite them to ac-
tion without recourse to the proc-
esses of reason and analysis.
On every college campus (and,
from all appearances, Michigan is
no exception) there are a few peo-
ple who think that the fraternity
man is as snobbish as Fordney and
Neimi, tongue in cheek, portrayed
him. They will fail to read and
understand the hilarious refer-
ences to "fine and gracious living"
and to "further investigation into
the classics." Fortunately, such
people are as uncommon as the
fraternity man who is conceited
(or misguided) enough to feel
that his membership in a social
fraternity makes him any holier
than an unaffiliated student.
I realize that my writing a letter
of this sort, explaining a satire
which is apparent to anyone who
gives the letter a little thought, is
a reflection upon the intelligence
of the majority of Michigan stu-
dents who will understand Mr.
Fordney's and Mr. Neimi's intent;
but I feel that if this letter cor-
rects a single hastily-conceived
opinion caused by a careless read-
ing of their letter, this note will
have served its purpose.
-Paul Roman, Jr.
* * *
Discipline Plan . .
To the Editor:
IT'S PRETTY obvious from what
I read in The Daily that things
are getting out of hand over at
the Student Disciplinary Center.
I see that two "-" were found
in the rooms of two men students
("No mention shall be made pub-
licly by a member of one sex of
the existence of the other": UMR:
4-32). On top of that, a whole host
of frat-men have been seen, in
the very act, drinking strong
waters; now it is bruited about
that the residents of the dormi-
tories are, "behind locked doors,"
doing the same. And all this good-
night kissing: utter depravity!
("Babies come in little black
satchels": UMR: 32-4.)
Well, obviously something's got
to be done, and I've got a plan
that's been used successfully else-
where. The identification of the
student who has fallen prey to his
lusts is the crux of the problem, as
bogus ID cards are everywhere,
and the Disciplinary Center's
"Student Helpers" can't watch
everything. So why not adopt a
device used in the breeding and
identification of Thoroughbred
race horses? For years, these
spirited creatures have been un-
mistakably identified by the pro-
cess of lip-tattooing, wherein a
serial number is tattooed on the
under surface of the upper lip;
permanent, and not particularly
disfiguring. Now, when the newly-
matriculated herd of cattle arrives
in Ann Arbor, each member could
be tattooed; from then on, the
lip-police could go about checking
and liberalizing the student body
with perfect certainty.
For a three-time offender, we
might even, instead of branding
his palm, simply rip off his upper
lip: this would also serve to sig-
nify inelligibility. --Hal Walsh.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Leon Jaroff............Managing Editor
Al Blumrosen.............City Editor
Philip Dawson.......Editorial Director
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Jo Misner...........Associate Editor
George Walker.......Associate Editor
Don McNeil........... Associate Editor
Alex Lmanian......Photography Editor
Pres Holmes ......... Sports Co-Editor
Merle Levin.........Sports Co-Editor
Roger Goelz.....Associate Sports Editor
Miriam Cady..........Women's Editor
Lee Kaltenbach. .Associate Women's Ed.
Allan Clamage. Assistant Librarian
Roger Wellington .... Business Manager
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Jim Dangl....... Advertising Manager
Bernie Aidinoff. Finance Manager
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