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VOL. LX, No. 27 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, OCT. 26, 1949
PRICE FIVE CENTS
White House May
By The Associated Press
President Truman received a
full report on the deadlocked and
worsening steel and coal strike
But the White House said he
still hasn't made any plans to take
a personal hand in trying to settle
THERE WAS some speculation,
however, that Mr. Truman may
call the steel industry manage-
ment and labor leaders to a White
House conference later this week.
Supplies of both coal and steel
dwindled, forcing a tightening of
the national belt. Arrival of cold
weather underscored the critical
shortage of coal.
Cyrus S. Ching, head of the
Federal Mediation Service, said no
progress had been made toward
settlement of either the coal or
* * *
IN THE STEEL strike, Irving S.
Olds, chairman of United States
Steel Corp., said he couldn't see
an end of the steel strike "immed-
iately in sight." He told newsmen
"the public should remember that
it was called by Philip Murray, the
president of the union.'
That wasn't the way the CIO's
51-member executive board saw
it, though. The board pledged
"full support in this strike which
the steel industry, on orders
> from Wall Street, has forced
upon the steelworkers and the
Meanwhile Southern coal opera-
tors, representing about a sixth of-
the soft coal industry, reported
Monday they were handed an ulti-
matum demanding higher pay, a
seven-hour day and a bigger we-
fare fund royalty for the striking
PRESIDENT Joseph E. Moody
of the Southern Coal Producers'
Association said "we're certainly
pessimistic as the devil tonight."
He said the demands were not
made in specific terms.
The Southern operators and the
UMW held a three-hour contract
bargaining session in Bluefield,
W.Va. They will meet again to-
Best-Seller Says U.S.
Has Leftist Trends
HOUSTON, Tex. - (P) - Hous-
ton's school board had banned a
"best seller" civics textbook be-
cause its 1947 edition said the
United States has "strong social-
istic. and even communistic
But, Attorney Ewing Werlein,
board member who had the book
banned, said last night the city's
high school students will have to
go ahead studying the book-at
least temporarily. He said no oth-
er texts were available, besides,
this year's classes already have
studied the portion declared ob-
THE TEXT, by Dr. Frank Ma-
gruder, retired Oregon State his-
tory professor, has been used by
Houston's 2,221 senior high school
Published by Allyn & Bacon of
Boston, Mass., the book is de-
scribed by Charles Bacon, senior
partner of the company, as a
"best seller" in its field and in
use in both Army and Navy serv-
With one negative vote, the
school board Monday night moved
to ban the book. Board member
Ewing Werlein, an attorney, said
he feared the paragraph might
cause youngsters "to think Social-
ism and Communism are good."
last night extinguished a dormi-
tory blaze which turned 237 Uni-
versity of Wisconsin coeds out into
Three Parties Call
Attlee Plan Timid
LONDON-(A)-Three parties-Conservatives, Liberals and Inde-
pendent Leftists-called Prime Minister Attlee's economy program
too timid last night and demanded the downfall of his Labor Gov-
Attlee went to Buckingham Palace for a private audience with
King George. It was his second audience in eight days. The first was
before he announced he had no intention of calling a general election
* * * *
THE HOUSE OF COMMONS is to vote on four motions tomorrow
after a two-day debate on the economy program announced yesterday
as a 25 percent cut in dollar spending for imports and an eight percent
cut in the Government budget outlay for the year.
That program already has drawn down on Attlee the hardest
criticism from the press since he took office in 1945. Critics said
O Attlee's economy was "too little
... speaks tonight
Journalism Pulitizer Prize win-
ner Leland Stowe will talk at 8:30
p.m. today in Hill Auditorium on
"We Still Have Time to Win the
The author-journalist will pre-
sent the second in the University's
* * *
CURRENTLY foreign editor for
the "Reporter" Magazine, Stowe
has just returned from a Euro-
pean tour where he visited Italy,
Greece, and the Balkans.
Part of his talk tonight will
deal with the effect of U.S. for-
eign policy--especially the At-
lantic Pact and the Arms Aid
Bill-on these areas.
Stowe has been on the staff of
the New York Herald Tribune's
Paris bureau, and on the foreign
.staff of the Chicago Daily News.
FROM THE DAYS of the League
of Nations to the end of World
War II, he consistantly covered the
biggest news stories on the conti-
Tickets for the lecture are avail-
able from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. today
at the Hill Auditorium Box Of-
and too late."
The first motion is by Attlee,
demanding a vote of confidence.
The second is an amendment by
Winston Churchill's Conservatives,
declaring the Government is "tak-
ing no sufficient measures" to
prevent inflation and restore the
national credit abroad.
* * *
THE THIRD is by the Liberal
Party's 10 members in the House
of Commons. It "condemns the
inadequacy" of the Attlee program.
The fourth is a motion of
censure by the independent labor
group-a half dozen left wingers
ousted from the Labor Party-
which objects to the mere four
percent slash in the outlay for
The Leftists demanded a 400,-
000,000 British pounds ($1,120,-
000,000) trimming of the armed
budget-contrasted with the 30-
000,000 pounds ($84,000,000) re-
duction ordered by Attlee.
SIR STAFFORD Cripps, chan-
cellor of the exchequer, leads off
the debate tomorrow, with a ful-
ler explanation of government
ScholIar,sh i Ps
Bomber Scholarships for the
Fall semester, amounting to $100
each, have been awarded to 38 vet-
erans enrolled in the University,
Dean of Students Erich A. Walter
Conceived by Arthur Rude,
'49L, the Bombership Scholarship
Plan was initiated in March, 1942
so that students might provide fi-
nancial aid for classmates who
would be returning to the campus
after the war.
PART OF THE net receipts
from campus social functions and
other activities were donated to a
fund which was invested in United
States War Bonds. The original
goal of the Plan was to accumulate
enough bonds to equal the pur-
chase price of an Army Bomber.
A total of $22,500 in war bonds
was accumulated during the war
years in this manner.
Undergraduate students with at
least a year of military service,
and enrolled for at least two se-
mesters in the University, are eli-
gible for the scholarships. They
are awarded on the basis of first,
need; second, character; and third,
* * *
THE 38 WINNERS of scholar-
ships are Raymond Beeley, '50E;
William Betts, '50E; Robert Car-
ter, '50; Stanley Challis, '50; Ray-
mond Cieslinski, '50E; Michael
Dayton, '50E; Richard Delong,
See THIRTY-EIGHT, Page q
Charge in 5 Days
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia - (I')
-For the second time in five days,
the Communist Czechoslovak
Government yesterday ordered the
expulsion of an American Em-
bassy official -on charges of spy-
The newly named official, de-
clared persona non grata, is John
C. Heyn, assistant Attache in the
Embassy's political department.
However, he is already out of the
country. Embassy sources said he
was either in Germany or Vienna
and would not return to Prague.
* * *
HEYN WAS accused of inus-
trial espionage and attempting to
learn Czechoslovak state secrets
about industrial production and
commercial relations. He was
charged with using Czechoslovak
citizens to gather this informa-
He was assistant to Isaac
Patch, the Embassy's political
attache, April 19. His home is
in Springdale, Conn.
Patch and an Embassy clerk,
Samuel Meryn, were accused by
the government of directing a
widespread espionage ring. Patch
denied the accusations.
MERYN WAS imprisoned Fri-
day and still is held incommuni-
cado. He faces trial in a Czech
court on spy charges.
Meryn is a naturalized Amer-
The actions against the em-
ployes of the American Embassy
in Prague came as the government
pushed an anti-spying campaign
among its own people.
MONDAY FOUR persons were
sentenced to death, four to life
imprisonment and an unspecified
number to prison terms ranging
from four to 25 years. They were
charged with terroristic activities
and spying for an unnamed for-
The American Embassy-headed
by Charge D'Affaires James K.
Penfield while it awaits the arrival
of a new ambassador-was appar-
ently taken aback by the attacks
on U.S. personnel here.
By The Associated Press
MONTGOMERY, Ala. - The
Army plans to offer discharges
beginning Dec. 1 to men with at
least a year's service inducted un-
der the peacetime Draft Act.
Secretary of the Army Gordon
Gray announced the new policy
yesterday in an address before the
annual conference of the National
* * *
LONDON-The world's orig-
inal jet airliner sped from Eng-
land to Africa and back on a
test flight yesterday in six hours
and 36 minutes.
* * *
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia -
Czechoslovak Roman Catholic
bishops gave ground in the
church-state fight yesterday, say-
ing priests may swear loyalty to
the Communist government and
accept government salaries.
* * *
WASHINGTON - President
Truman yesterday signed legis-
lation providing $2,275,000,000
of new government authority to
insure or purchase mortgages on
In addition, he put his name
to laws providing $150,000,000
annually in Federal aid to states
for hospital construction, and
legislation promising increased
Federal aid for airport construc-
tion this year.
* * *
DETROIT - The CIO United
Auto Workers and Chrysler Corp.
agreed early this morning to put
aside threat of strike aciton while
they negotiate on pensions the
union has demanded.
A 30-day strike vote certifica-
tion made by the State Labor Me-
diations Board would expire at
midnight tomorrow. But the two
sides agreed to extend it, giving
the union the right to terminate
the extension upon seven days'
written notice to Chrysler.
READY FOR ACTION-The "Engineering Marvel," touted as the car of tomorrow, standsi
for its first road test. The "Marvel," a 1916 Mo lel T was completely overhauled and modei
by student engineers and was to
the Engineering Processional. T
traveled in a cage during the p
Final count of candidacy peti-
tions for the student elections in
November is 107, according to SL
elections chairman Bill Clark.
The last 16 petitions were ap-
plied for just before the deadline
yesterday. Deadline to return the
filled-out petitions is today and an
Administration Building window
will be open from 1 to 4:30 p.m., he
*, , *
THIS NUMBER equals last fall's
record, Clark said. But 52 were
thrown out by Men's Judiciary
Council for irregularities at that
time, he added. All but one of the
disqualified petitioners were al-
lowed to re-petition.
Eleven petitions have already
been returned, he said.
A breakdown of petitioners
shows that 57 students will run for
25 seats on Student Legislature, 39
for 10 positions on J-Hop Commit-
tees, 10 for three vacancies on
Board in Control of Student Publi-
cations and three for two posi-
tions on Board in Control of In-
* * *
TEN STUDENTS applied for SL
petitions yesterday: Keith Beers,
Chester Szemborski, Allan Clam-
age, Donald Abramson, Gordon
McDougall, Wym Price, Herb Sil-
verman, John Neubardt, Jo Mis-
ner and Don McNeil.
J-Hop petitioners numbered
five: Margaret Donovan, Dick
Sanders, Dave Pease, Rostom
Landourjian and Gil Osnos.
Due to a breakdown at the
printers, only half the student
directories could be sold yester-
Another 2,500 copies of the
directory will go on sale Thurs-
day from 1 to 3 p.m.
owed along the st Keets adjacent to the campus in conjunction
'he man in the m sk is "Eddy Current" otherwise Fred Kerr
rocessional, and w.Ls labeled "The Wild Engineer."
Costumed 'U' Ergtinee
Parade with 26 Frv4
Note Handed to
LONDON-(LP)-The Soviet Un-
ion said yesterday it has demand-
ed the recall of the Yugoslav am-
bassador to Moscow because he is
guilty of "spying and subversive.
activities" against Russia.
The action followed Russia's re-
nunciation last month of her
treaty of friendship with Yugo-
slavia. It brought Moscow peril-
ously close to a full diplomatic
break with Marshal Tito's govern-
* * *
THE RUSSIAN ambassador to
Belgrade has been absent from
his post for many weeks.
Karl Mrazovic, the Yugoslav
ambassador to Russia, went to
Moscow last Dec. 16, when rela-
tions between Yugoslavia and
Russia were already near the
Kozma boiling point.
rnized The economic squeeze put on
with Yugoslavia by Russia and her
who eastern satellites was in full effect.
Moscow dispatches at the time said
only a minor Russian protocol of-
ficer was sent to greet Mrazovic on
THE MOSCOW radio, which an-
nounced the demand for the recall
r I of Mrazovic, said it was contained
in a note handed to the Yugoslav
Embassy in Moscow Monday.
nprove- The text of the note:
e, pro- "The Ministry of Foreign Af-
fairs of the Union of Soviet So-
cialist Republics has been au-
n hge thorized by the Soviet govern-
a huge ment to inform the Yugoslav
ributed .government of the following:
rs. A "During the Budapest trial of
er the the state criminal and spy (Las-
engin- zlo) Rajk and his accomplices it
ted to was established that the present
Yugoslav ambassador in the
ont was U.S.S.R., Mrazovic, had for a long
nstalled time engaged in spying and sub-
cal En- versive activities against the Soviet
mattress Union, and while being Yugoslav
ick. ambassador in the U.S.S.R., had
engineer come out in the Yugoslav press
sanity; with slanderous fabrications
pushed against the Soviet Union.
Eddy "In view of this the Soviet gov-
ic light ernment considers it impossible
ide rule for Mrazovic to continue to be
, "don't Yugoslav's diplomatic representa-
tive in the U.S.S.R."
unctions 'e i g G t
an all Prison Term
Combo. - _ -
By NORM MILLER ,
Imprisoned in a mobile cage,
boxed in a bottomless airplane and
perched in the "Engineering Mar-
vel," weirdly costumed students
of the Engineering College parad-
ed around campus yesterday.
The parade was held as part of
engineering week celebrations,
which will culminate tonight with
Engineering Night, to be held at
7:30 in the Union Ballroom.
THE "ENGINEERING Marvel,"
a 1926 Model T, equipped by the
engineers with the latest in
ments in automotive scien
ceeded down State St. w
aid of a tow car.
rear of the "Marvel" was
turbo jet engine, made of
keg and cardboard contr
by aeronautical enginee
steam boiler, planted ov
hood by the mechanical
eers, had a shaft connec
the rear wheel.
Protruding from the fr
the blade of a bulldozer i
by civil engineers. Electri
gineers added radar, a r
spring nailed to a broomsti
"Eddy Current," an e
whose work had taken his
was imprisoned in a cage
by electrical engineers.
chewed the. tips of electr
bulbs and manipulated a st
Lost in Atlantic
By The Associated Press
Stuart Benson, 72-year-old
sculptor and former Ubiversity
student has apparently lost his life
somewhere in the Atlantic Ocean.
He was reported missing since
last Wednesday from the Polish
liner "Sobieski," which docked in
New York Harbor yesterday. He
had been stricken by a long illness
which kept him confined to his
cabin, according to the ship's mas-
--tr -under a sign which warned
Today is the deadline for cam- let this happen to you."
pus residences to submit open *t ho *
house preferences for election can- BOOTHS SET UP by en
didates, according to Student Leg- ing groups for tonight's si
islature elections chairman Bill depict the activities and f
Clark. of different fields of engi
Each house is to submit three The main feature will be
preferences of time for open star variety show, starri
houses to Pris Ball, 6922 or 2-3279, Leopold and his Dixieland
he said. , * Admission is free and e
THlE OPEN HIOUSES are de- is invited to attend, accor
signed to give candidates a chance Tom Ramage of the Eng
to express their views on campus Council.
issues and policies to house groups,
in informal sessions, he added. PhlippineEn'i
Open houses will be held from
Nov. 7 to 20. Weekday hours will lono red T o
be from 5 to 6 and 7:15 to 8:30
p.m. Hours for the first Sunday The International Cen
will be 2:30 to 3:30 and 7 to 8 the Philippine Club will
p.m. and for the second Sunday tea honoring Bart A. U
2:30 to 3:30, 3:30 to 4:30, 4:30 to cultural affairs officer of t
5:30 and 7 to 9 p.m. ippine Embassy in Washin
The plan was a success last 5:30 p.m. today at theI
spring and should encourage more tional Center.
intelligent voting, Clark said. It Umayam's visit to the
is also designed to combat bloc sity is part of a nationw
voting by giving candidates a covering all the colleges th
chance to campaign on their own a large Philippine enr
views rather than on their campus There are 30 Philippines
background, he added. here.
OVER THE HILL:
New Rules Dramatized
In Mock Court-Martial
or r orgery
Former Washtenaw County
Treasurer Clyde D. Fleming was
sentenced to a three and a half
to 14-year jail term yesterday af-
ternoon, on a charge of embezzling
public county funds.
Fleming was sentenced on a
forgery count and given .sus-
pended sentence on one embez-
zlement charge. Other charges
Circuit Judge George Hartrick
of Pontiac, in administering the
sentence, said he was being as
lenient as he could.
* * *
A FEW HOURS before Fleming,
calm and expressionless, heard
sentence pronounced, he had
changed his plea from innocent to
Defense Attorney James 0.
Kelly read a statement asking
leniency, prior to passing of sen-
tenie. Pointing out Fleming
drew only $1,968 a year as coun-
ty treasurer, he said, "if the job
paid the proper salary, cases of
this kind- wouldn't occur."
The 37-year-old ex-county of-
ficial was indicted last March on
a 24-count forgery and embez-
By BOB VAUGHN
The prisoner arose and faced the
Grimly, the sentence was read.
"It is the judgement of this court
that you shall be confined for 30
days and forfeit two-thirds of your
THE GENERAL court-martial
was concluded. Private Kelly
would return to the Army stockade
from which he had escaped.
KELLY PAID a high price for
his few hours of freedom, but it
migh~t have been higher if it was
not for the recent revision of
The new rules, for example,
call for representation of en-
listed men on the bench and
provide an opportunity for the
defendent to select his own.
NO DIRECT EFFECT HERE:
Canpus Groups View Red Convictiois
By JANET WATTS
The conviction of the 11 Com-
munists in New York last week
will hv no direct effect on Tni-
ful of things we say and the books of the conviction,
and materials we read." unconstitutional. .
the Smith Act,
Gordon McDougal of the
Younn Proxresives said "We
THIS GAMBLE doesn't keep