THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1949
WITH DREW PEARSON
LETTER to the editor in yesterday's Daily
questioned "the intelligence, the liberal-
ism, the worthiness" of the Student Legisla-
ture and the National Students Association
because of a song which was sung at a recent
SL-NSA open meeting at Rackham Amphi-
The writer charged that the lyrics of
the song, "God Bless Free Enterprise,"
were apparently sung "with great glee by
those sons of virtuosity who like to cast
condemnation and ridicule on the system
of self-fulfillment and free investment
that built this country."
The author of the letter, however, failed
to note that while the song was sung with
some "glee," it was an amused "glee" rather
than an expression of the legislators' per-
sonal political beliefs.
At the conclusion of the song, when the
full significance of the lyrics dawned upon
the audience, the general feeling of amuse-
ment in many instances turned into a
strong feeling of distaste. Several legisla-
tors were heard to remark after the meet-
ing that they felt the song was "entirely
out of place."
Certainly we do not believe that the song
lyrics represent the political opinions of all
of the NSA delegates at the convention last
summer-or even of a very significant mi-
nority of them. And much more obviously,
the SL members were not casting "condem-
nation and ridicule" on the American free
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: PETER HOTTON
"There - Everything Fits"
g . °
' f Y .
.. . , y _.
WASHINGTON-Last year, the 80th Con-
gress investigated an Army propaganda
mill which used taxpayers' money to sell the
American public on military conscription;
while Senator Byrd of Virginia also criti-
cized any branch of the government that
issued a press handout publicizing its op-
But, today there operates backstage in
the Navy, a secret publicity bureau almost
solely dedicated to smearing the Army and
Air Forces and disrupting unification.
The publicity bureau is called "Operation
23" and it consists of 12 officers and 17 en-
listed men, all on regular duty and officially
assigned to this detail. The detail is com-
manded by a full-fledged naval captain.
This underground unit takes orders
chiefly from Admiral Arthur Radford, out-
spoken critic of the B-36.
Significantly, Operation 23 has been flood-
ing newspapers with anti-Army propaganda
at the same time an official Naval board
has been investigating another Navy smear-
the secret memo which claimed that Sec-
retaries Symington and Johnson ordered
the B-36 because of personal or monetary
* * *
IN THE BATTLE to restore the basing-
point system, big business has had a
unique partner-Senator Joe O'Mahoney of
Wyoming, the famous trust-buster.
No one could believe that O'Mahoney
would come out on the side of the big
trusts. Hence, many liberals were lulled
to sleep by the fact that O'Mahoney intro-
duced the basing point bill.
In the eyes of big business, this is the
most important bill to come up this session
of Congress. For it would amend the anti-
trust laws so that the steel industry, for
Letters to the Editor -
ONE LIKES TO THINK of the town he
lives in as progressive. And in Ann Ar-
bor, progress has come as a pleasant sur-
prise, partially overcoming perennial cyni-
Pleas for "forging ahead" have been
partly answered here, with several new
1. To relieve almost impossible loads car-
ried at the two local banks, a branch office
on South University sprang into being.
2. Cries of insufficient parking space
throughout Ann Arbor resulted in construc-
tion of a three-story "carport," receipts from
which are to be used to finance the general
local parking system. Three new municipal
parking lots were recently opened, with the
same system of financial dispersement.
3. Hospitalization benefits have been fur-
thered by plans for a modern veteran's hos-
pital, near the outskirts of town. With a
500-bed capacity, the structure will supple-
ment work done by already mobbed "U"
Hospital and the Veterans Readjustment
4. Postal needs will be met by addition
of a new post office branch near campus-
town, operations on which were launched
early last month.
And on the University side:
1. New student dormitories and adminis-
trative and classroom buildings have met
with no little success the urgent need for
2. Other worthwhile projects, namely a
maternity home, University golf service sta-
tion and sewage plants are in the offing.
Particularly encouraging today is the gen-
eral feeling, and trust, that whenever some-
thing needs to be done around here, it will
be done-eventually, if not now. And we
can be hopeful that civic enterprise and
ambition in Ann Arbor, now in full swing,
will continue to give us what we ask.
example, could charge the same price for
steel from the blast furnaces of Pittsburgh,
Pa., or Geneva, Utah. This practice of reg-
ulating prices by absorbing shipping costs
was outlawed by the Supreme Court, so big
business turned to Congress to overrule the
O'Mahoney made his bill' sound so harm-
less that it almost passed the Senate wihout
an objection. Only at the last minute, Sen-
ators Russell Long of Louisiana and Estes
Kefauver of Tennessee, both Democrats,
caught what was going on, and put up a
fight against it.
Back in O'Mahoney's trust-busting days,
he bitterly criticized the basing-point sys-
tem as a conspiracy by the trusts to reg-
ulate prices. That's the reason his col-
leagues couldrdt understand why he now
introduced a bill to restore the basing
point system. In fact, because of O'Ma-
honey's reputation, many Senators still
believe his bill would encourage instead
of stifle competition.
What they don't know, however, is that
O'Mahoney was sold a bill of goods by the
Westvaco Chemical Company of Westvaco,
Wyo. This company has paraded as an in-
dependent which discovered large trona de-
posits in Wyoming and now hopes to build
a new chemical business producing soda
ash from natural trona.
WHO'S FOOLING WHOM?
THE SENATOR from Wyoming wanted to
emphasize the independence of the com-
pany when he brought Robert D. Pike, an
engineer for Westvaco, to Washington to
"This is an independent plant, is it not?"
O'Mahoney asked about the Wyomingplant.
"Yes, sir; entirely so," nodded Pike.
"It is not a subsidiary to any other plant
engaged in the same business?" the ex-trust
buster brought out again.
"No, it is not," replied Pike.
"So that if and when established to
develop the potentialities of this deposit, it
will be an independent competitive enter-
prise," O'Mahoney added.
"That is correct, senator," agreed Pike.
Yet behind the legal red tape, the West-
vaco Company is not p independent. For
the same record, in which this testimony
was printed, identifies Pike-in fine print-
as representing the Westvaco Chemical Di-
vision of the Food Machinery and Chemical
Corporation. This turns out to be a Delaware
Corporation with tentacles all around the
MIXED UP WITH I.G. FARBEN
T IS DESCRIBED in business directories
as "one of the principal producers of
industrial chemicals in the United States,"
and it was involved in court action this
year with the international cartel in al-
kalis. On August 12, the mother company
was slapped with a court injunction for vio-
lating the Sherman anti-trust act through
this cartel. Named as co-conspirators were
I.G. Farben Company, of Germany, and
Solvan Et Cie, of Belgium. The head of
the British cartel, Imperial Chemical In-
dustries, Ltd., of London., was also named as
a defendant through its subsidiary, Imperial
Chemical Industries, Ltd., of New York.
The court charged that the co-con-
spirators had been parties since 1924 to
contracts governing the sale of alkalis in
the world market, and that the American
cartel members had agreed to prevent.
other independent American firms from
selling alkalis to foreign markets. This
agreement was enforced by a policing sys-
tem by which inspectors on U.S. docks
bought up any materials likely to get into
the hands of other exporters, it was
So it now turns out that Westvaco Com-
pany, which is shouting its independence,
is actually tied to an international cartel.
Some senators are now wondering where
that leavesSenator Joe O'Mahoney, the
great trust buster.
(Copyright, 199, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
50 YEARS AGO:
A CROWD OF 2,000 cheered the Wolverines
to a 12-0 victory over Notre Dame.
* * *
25 YEARS AGO:
Illinois, sparked by the immortal Red
Grange, beat a fighting Michigan team 39-
14. Although the Wolverines played a good
game, it was Grange's contest all the way.
* ' *
15 YEARS AGO:
Pierre Laval, the former premier of
France, was named to succeed the slain Louis
Barthou as French minister of affairs.
-From the Pages of The Daily.
The Business Cycle
"EVERY FEW YEARS our industrial sys-
tem gets the jim-jams. Capital flies to
cover, factories close and labor goes tramp-
ing across the country seeking honest em-
ployment and receiving a warm welcome-
--r . .
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 3)
MATTER OF FACT
by JOSEPH ALSOP
A Representative of E. I. duPont
de Nemours & Company, Wilming-
ton, Delaware, will interview stu-
dents in the above divisions on
Oct. 19 and 20. Interviews will be
scheduled for Chemical Engineers
in the Chemical Eng. Dept., for
Oct. 19. Interviews for Mechani-
cal Engineers will be arranged at
225 W.. Engineering for Oct. 20.
See Bulletin Boards for further
Bureau of Appointments:
A representative of the Ceco
Steel Products Company will be at
the Bureau of Appointments
Thursday and Friday, Oct. 20 and
21 to interview February gradu-
ates for their Sales Training Pro-
gram. They are interested in Me-
chanical, Architectural, and Civil
Engineers, as well as Business Ad-
ministration students with at least
one year of Engineering training.
For appointments call 3-1511, Ext.
Approved Student sponsored So-
cial Events for the coming week-
Fri., Oct. 21
Delta Tau Delta, Graduate
School Student Council, Kappa
Nu, Phi Sigma Delta Fraternity,
Sigma Aiph Mu, Triangle Frater-
nity, Zeta Beta Tau
Sat., Oct. 22
Alpha Chi Sigma, Alpha Delta
Phi, Alpha Delta Pi, Alpha Epsilon
Pi, Alpha Kappa Kappa, Alpha
Kappa Psi, Alpha Sigma Phi, Beta
Thete Pi, Collegiate Sorosis.
Delta Chi Fraternity, Delta Ep-
silon Pi, Delta Sigma Delta, Delta
Sigma Pi, Delta Upsilon Frater-
nity, East Quad Council, Gamma
Phi Beta, Henderson House,
Lambda Chi Alpha, Lloyd House,
Michigan Christian Fellowship, Nu
Phi Alph Kappa, Phi Chi, Phi
Delta Theta, Phi Gamma Delta,
Phi Kappa Psi, Phi Kappa Sigma,
Phi Kappa Tau, Phi Rho Sigma,
Phi Sigma Delta Fraternity, Phi
Sigma Kappa, Phi Omega Frater-
nity, Psi Upsilon.
Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Sigma
Chi, Sigma Nu Fraternity, Sigma
Phi Epsilon, Tau Delta Phi, Theta
Chi, Theta Delta Chi, Theta Xi,
Triangle Fraternity, Trigon, Zeta
Beta Tau, Zeta Psi, Alpha Rho
Chi, Sigma Chi.
English 32, Section 2 (Litzen-
berg): Bring the Mill text to class
Anthropology 149 will meet
from now on in 1209 Angell Hall.
Doctoral Examination for Clar-
ence Maxwell Fowler, Physics;
Thesis: "The Design of a Magnetic
Focusing Coincidence Spectro-
meter and its Application to the
Analysis of the Long-Lived Euro-
pium Activities," Thurs., Oct. 20,
East Council Room, Rackham
Bldg., 3 p.m. Chairman, J. M.
Seminar in Classical Analysis:
Wed., Oct. 19, 2 p.m., 277 W. En-
gineering. The second talk on
Concepts of Geometric Function
Theory will be give by Dr. Jo-
Zoology Seminar: First meet-
ing, Thurs., Oct. 20, 8 p.m., Rack-
ham Amphitheatre. Prof. Dugald
E. S. Brown will speak on "Trends
in Professional Biology." Refresh-
Botany Seminar: Wed., Oct. 19,
4 p.m., 4082 Natural Science. Dr.
William C. Steere will speak on
Some Vegetational Studies in Alas-
Master's Degree in History: A
foreign language examination for
the Master's Degree in history will
be held in Room C, Haven Hall,
Fri., Oct. 21 at 4 p.m. Those who
intend to take the examination
must register in the History Office,
119 Haven Hall by Oct. 20. The use
of a dictionary is permitted.
Engineering Mechanics Semi-
nar: Mr. Alfred R. Bobrowsky will
discuss "X-ray Diffraction and
Stress Analysis" at the meeting,
Wed., Oct. 19, 4 p.m., 101 W. En-
gineering Bldg. Visitors welcome.
AE 160 Seminar: 1504 E. Engi-
neering, Wed., Oct. 19, 4:15 p.m.
Mr. A. Dunlap from the Propulsion
group of the Aeronautical Re-
search Center at Willow Run Air-
port will speak "On Flame Propa-
gation." Visitors welcome.
Geology 11: To those who re-
ceived "X" in Geology 11 last se-
mester: Final make-up examina-
tion, Oct. 21, 4 p.m., 2054 N.S.
Botany 1 make-up examination
for those who did not take the final
examination in June, 1949, will be
given Thurs., Oct. 20, 7 p.m., 2033
Natural Science. All persons in-
tending to take this examination
must leave their names in the of-
fice of the Department of Botany,
3003- Natural Science, by Thursday
Physical Chemistry Seminar:
Thurs., Oct. 20, 2308 Chemistry,
4:07 p.m. Dr. R. C. Taylor will dis-
cuss "Dielectric Absorption by
Electrolytes in Solvents of Low Di-
Makeup Examination in Eco-
nomics 51, 52, 53, 54: Tues., Oct.
25, 3 p.m., 203 Economics Bldg.
Any student expecting to take
this examination must leave his
name with the Departmental Sec-
retary before the examination.
Christmas Concerts: Handel's
"Messiah" will be presented by the
University Musical Society Sat.,
Dec. 10 at 8:30 and a repeat per-
formance Sunday afternoon at
2:30, in Hill Auditorium. The per-
formers will be: Chloe Owen, so-
prano; Anna Kaska, contralto;
David Llo'yd, tenor; Oscar Natzka,
bass; University Choral Union and
orchestra; Mary Stubbins, organ-
ist; Lester McCoy, conductor.
Tickets for both concerts are
now on sale at the offices of the
University Musical Society in Bur-
ton Memorial Tower.
Scabbard and Blade: Meeting, 8
p.m., North Hall.
Roger Williams Guilders "Chat"
at the Guild House, 4:30 to 6 p.m.
Fellowship and food.
study groups, 7:30 p.m., Upper
Room, Lane Hall.
Wesley Foundation: Do-Drop-In
for tea and social hour, 4-5:30
p.m., Methodist Church.
Undergraduate Psychology Club:
Organizational meeting, 8 p.m.,
Union. All psychology concen-
trates invited. Arrangements
made for seminars and speakers.
Student Legislature Meeting:
7:30 p.m,, Grand Rapids Room,
Women's Physical Education
Club: Meeting. Wally Weber will
speak on "Football from the Spec-
tators Viewpoint." 9 a.m., WAB
American Society of Civil Engi-
neers: Regular meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
Rm. 3KLM, Union. Speaker: Mr.
Ward Parr, Director of the State
Tea 'n Talk: 4-6 p.m., Presby-
formation on Scholarships and
Coming Events .
Union Staffmen and tryout
smoker: Thurs., Oct. 20, 7:30 p.m.,
Rms. 2 k 1 m n. All staffmen and
men wishing to work on staff are
requested to attend. Pictures will
be taken. Refreshments.
U. of M. Hostel Club:
The following is a list of activi-
ties for the club for the following
week. All members and visitors
Sat., Oct. 22-Square Dance at
Jones School, 8-11 p.m.;
Sun., Oct. 23-Bike conditioner
and Cook-out, meet at 2 p.m. at
League for afternoon trip;
Sat.-Sun., Oct. 29-30--Hallo-
ween Bike to Harmony Valley,
meet 8:30 a.m., Sat., League, with
packed lunch and bike for 45 mile
cycle to hostel. Call Mary Con-
over, 257971, before Friday noon,
Hillel-I.Z.F.A.: Beginning He-
brew group, Thurs., Oct. 20, 7:30
p.m., Hillel Foundation. Every-
U of M. UNESCO Council: First
meeting, Thurs., Oct. 20, 7 ,p.m.,
1022 University High School. Pro-
gram: Explanation of UNESCO,
refreshments, and 15 minute sound
(Continued on Page 5)
The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, thergeneral pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters - exceeding 300 words, repeti-
thous letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
To The Editor:
TO MR. HOWARD Hartzell, the
Student Legislature, and the
NSA Committee, I owe an expla-
When the chairman of our NSA
Committee asked me to type up a
song-sheet for the Report to the
SL, I had the lyrics to only two of
the Michigan Region songs-and
added the third, "God Bless Free
Enterprise," because I and sev-
eral others had thought the song
It was NOT "a work sung with
the great glee of those sons of vir-
tuosity who like to cast condem-
nation and ridicule on the system
of self-fulfillment and free in-
vestment that build this country
and incidently the U of M," to
quote Mr. Hartzell.
Actually, it was part of an at-
tempt to get across more than
simply a factual account of the
The one thing the delegation has
always wanted, and something
that is practically impossible, is
to have each and every student at-
tend an NSA Congress. To meet
people from all over the country,
who have similar aims, although
different backgrounds and differ-
ent methods of attacking the com-
mon problems, is an enriching and
And when the going gets rough-
est, and the delegates haven't slept
for what seems like years, it's a
wonderful thing to be able to
"kibitz" . . . even about the most
important things. Many a song
crept up-songs which may out-
wardly have seemed to be ridcul-
ing some of our strongest beliefs--
but which did not deter us from
working together to accomplish
common aims, to contribute to and
strengthen the student commu-
nity of America.
So please don't take the song
seriously-you really don't have
to believe it to sing it-and it is
not something we hope to have in
first-place on the Hit-Parade. Had
you attended the meeting, Mr.
Hartzell, you would have under-
stood the addition of the song in
Rather than make an issue of a
song such as that, I would much
have preferred Mr. Hartzell (and
all the other people on this cam-
pus) to express his opinions and
criticisms of the program and pol-
icy of NSA, and above all, to make
some concrete suggestions to ifie
Student Legislature and the Na-
tional Student Association, which,
in the last analyses, is working for
him-and not attempting to be a
4-1 E 72 &. L-O G ic.
W 1949 THE WAJA 1-14"14 ra 44
Canterbury Club: 7:30 to
p.m.; Rev, and Mrs. Burt are
home to all Episcopal students.
WASHINGTON-Behind the battle be-
tween the angry admirals and Secre-
tary of Defense Touis Johnson, there is
something infinitely bigger and more im-
portant to every American. This is simply
the fact that President Truman and Secre-
tary Johnson have apparently decided, in
'the year of the Beria bomb, that the de-
fenses of this country can safely be weak-
There has been no public debate, or
even announcement of this incredibly
grave decision, which involves the future
of the whole free world. The President
has simply issued an order that defense
expenditures shall be limited to $13 billions
in the 1951 budget. And Secretary Johnson
has gone along with this presidential order.
The effect of the presidential order is
further increased by the pay raise which
Congress has just voted to the services. The
cost of the pay raise will be $500 millions.
Thus in practical power terms, we shall only
be purchasing $12.5 billion worth of strength
next year, as against just short of $14.5
billions worth of strength originally planned
to be purchased this year. In fact, the
amount of defense we will buy for ourselves
next year is to be nearly 15 per cent less than
what we are buying this year.
Since such vast sums are none the less
to be spent, it may superficially appear that
the President and Secretary Johnson are
still buying as much defense as we need.
The truth is, however, they are really
buying almost no defense at all, as any
leader in the defense field will privately
admit but publicly deny.
THIS IS TRUE for two reasons. In the
first place, all defense expenditures are
relative. The Soviet economy, while im-
measurably weaker than our own, is still
the economy of a giant power with vast
That blueprint is not however, being
realized at present.
To take the simplest example, one of the
most conspicuous features of the Joint
Chiefs' blueprint is the reliance placed on
the strategic air arm. Strategic air power is
intended first to serve as a deterrent to
Soviet aggression. Second, if the deterrent
fails and war comes, strategic air power is
supposed to strike at the enemy's vitals, to
weaken his offensive capability, and thus
to cut him down to size. This planned role
of the strategic air arm is what makes it
theoretically possible to maintain balanced
land, air, and naval forces that would other-
wise seem appallingly weaker than the im-
mense Soviet armament.
* * *
BUT THE JOINT Chiefs of Staff and the
leaders of the Air Force have also agreed
that an Air Force of seventy groups, witU
twenty groups assigned to act as the stra-
tegic air arm, is the smallest that can do
the job. It is already public knowledge that
the President and Secretary Johnson have
decided that it will be enough to have an
Air Force of forty-eight groups, with four-
teen groups assigned to the strategic role.
Furthermore, the $13 billion budget ceiling
now imposed by the President will vitally
effect the efficiency of this already reduced
Air Force. If the fourteen groups with stra-
tegic roles are to achieve reasonable effi-
ciency, the ten groups now equipped with
B-29s and B-50s must be rapidly re-armed
with the greatly superior B-4
Other facts like these, so reminiscent of
the foolish inter-war years, are to be found
at every turn, in all spheres of the de-
fense effort. The net meaning of these
facts is that, relative to the Soviet Union,
we are growing weaker, not stronger.
Because the Soviet Union is a non-naval
Anthropology Club: Second
meeting, 7:30 p.m., 3024 Museum.
Entrance by- the rear door. Dr.
Frederick P. Thieme will give an
illustrated lecture on "Primate Lo-
comotion and Behavior."
U. of M. Theatre Guild: tryouts
for Shakespeare's Romeo and
Juliet, 7 p.m., and general meeting,
8 p.m., League.
U. of M. Rifle Club: Firing and
instruction, 7-9 p.m., ROTC rifle
range. Practice hours this semes-
ter, Mon.-1&2; Tues.-11; Thurs.
-11; and Fri.-1&2.
Coed Folk and Square Dance
Club: 7:30 p.m., Women's Athletic
Building. Special guests, Klein-
stuck House, Lloyd House, Kappa
Kappa Gamma, and Phi Kappa
Psi. Newcomers welcome.
Alpha Phi Omega Pledges:
Organizational meeting, 7:15 p.m.,
Union. All pledges be present.
Social Ethics Forum: 7:15 p.m.,
Sociedad Hispanica: Meeting,
Hussey Room, League, 8 p.m.
Mexican film "Tierra Mexicana."
A.S.M.E., Student Branch: Open
meeting, 7:30 p.m., Architecture
Auditorium. Film: "Steam for
Young Progressives of America:
Meeting; 7:30 p.m., Union. Prof.
John F. Shepard of Psychology
Dept., will speak on "How to Fight
Discrimination." Semester pro-
gram of YPA on Jim Crow will be
projected. Election of executive
board. New members invited. Re-
I.A.S.: Meeting, 7:30 p.m., Rm.
3S, Union. Speaker: Prof. Morko-
vin, Adviser to Grad School. In-
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Alex Lmanian... .Photography Editor
Pres Holmes........Sports Co-Editor
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Miriam Cady.......... Women's Editor
Lee Kaltenbach.. Associate Women's Ed.
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Roger Wellington.... Business Manager
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Prayer Meeting, 7
That contest to pick a haunted house
1) 4 !C AA,..,,
Only Gus the Ghost won't act like