See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LX, No. 97 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1950
Last Chance For
WASHINGTON - OP~) - Soft
coal contract talks last night head-
ed for their first Sunday session
as Government mediators pressed
hard for a sudden agreement be-
fore the mine whistles blow again.
The officials drew some slight
encouragement from yesterday's
long meetings - "they've talked
a lot of dollars and cents all day."
BUT TODAY'S SESSION to be-
gin at 11 a.m. offers the last
chance to get a quick compromise
ahead of court opening tomorrow
when the United Mine Workers
goes to trial on contemlt charges
because 372,000 miners refused to
obey a Federal judge's order to dig
And the mediators - David
L. Cole, chairman of President
Truman's Inquiry Board, and
Cyrus Ching, Federal mediation
chief-reportedly told the Union
and operator negotiators yesster-
day that the public interest re-
4 quires they make every effort
to reach agreement before the
Underlining this was the rapid-
ly mounting coal shortage crisis.
Closing industries lifted jobless-
ness in other industries to 180,000.
* * *
THE WHITE HOUSE gave no
indication of a new presidential
District UMW Presidents
gathered here unannounced yes-
terday and this was taken by
some as an indication of pos-
sible weekend contract develop-
With John L. Lewis absent, the
tempo of the negotiations seemed
to pick up under the prodding of
AND IN PITTSBURGH emer-
gency coal rolled into fuel-desti-
tute city urider police quard yes-
terday, but othef- sections of
the country faced equally empty
bins and no such relief.
In Michigan the coal shortage
became acute yesterday as a
cold wave pushed temperatures
down to zero and below.
In many cities emergency or-
ganizations were set up to deal
with the crisis by spreading out
short supplies of coal where most
By The Associated Press
VIENNA - An autopsy on the
body of U.S. Naval Capt. Eugene
S. Karpe ended inconclusively last
night, without finding whether he
was pushed or fell from the Paris-
bound Arlberg Express.
The U.S. Army announced a
joint Army-Navy Commission has
been established to investigate the
LONDON-Russia has set up
a separate navy ministry in her
drive to build up sea power to
match her strength on land,
Radio Moscow disclosed last
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia - Don-
ald Heath, departing U.S. Minister
to Bulgaria, predicted yesterday
that Russia eventually will at-
tempt to absorb Bulgaria into the
WASHINGTON - Postmaster
General Jesse M. Donaldson said
yesterday his department is
ready to repay any valid claims
on GI money orders sent from
overseas during the war and never
received or cashed in this country.
CIO Winis GM
DETROIT - (P) - The CIO
United Auto Workers yesterday
claimed a smashing victory in the
nation-wide General Motors
Union Shop election despite what
it called God-and man-made hard-
Kauffman, Rogge Give Addresses at
Democracy in Education Conference
The Democracy in Education Conference opened a two-day
session yesterday, as delegates from 10 state colleges and univer-
sities assexibled to hear talks and participate in discussions on
discrimination, academic freedom and peace.
Campus groups sponsoring the Conference include the American
Veterans Committee, the Arts, Sciences and Professions Council,
the United World Federalists and the Unitarian Student Guild.
Highlighting yesterday's meetings were talks by the Rev. Albert
A. Kauffman of Bancroft, Mich., and O. John Rogge, former United
States Assistant Attorney-General.
Mr. Kauffman, who delivered the keynote address on "The Battle
for Democracy Today and Education" was the author of a recent
controversial letter to the magazine "Soviet Russia Today." A be-
To Carry On
'M' leel.rs feat Gophers, 6-
0. JOHN ROGGE
Barth -Daily-Ed Kozma
REV. ALBERT KAUFFMAN
* * * *
liever in progressive education, he is a former trustee of Olivet Col-
lege and at present is superintendent of Sunfield Public School.
Rogge, who served as an anti-trust lawyer for the government
in the 1930's, is attorney for the Civil Rights Congress, A leader in
the fight for the "Trenton Six,' he is now defending Harold Christoffel,
former Milwaukee labor leader, against perjury charges.
* * *
"We have become a nation of
frightened pygmies," according to
0. John Rogge, defense lawyer for
Harold Christoffei, convicted earl-
ier this week of perjury.
This situation hasbeentbrought
about by the government's irra-
tional witch-hunting techniques in
the recent loyalty campaign, which
has been directed especially
against unpopular minority groups,
* ,* *
HE CITED the dismissal of a
group of post office employees in
Cleveland after the administra-
tion of a loyalty oath, nearly all of
whom were either Negroes or Jews.
Rogge proceeded to call this a typ-
ical example of American fascism
If we are to regain our nation-
al self-assurance, we must "en-
courage individual human be-
ings to strike out for themselves
-be heretics, if you like. Loy-
alty comes from the heart-not
from lip-service to dogma," he
Rogge, council for the defense
of the Trenton Six case last year,
described how he was removed
from his position by the presiding
judge on a charge of contempt of
"REPRESSION of lawyers is the
latest in the pattern of limiting
human freedom," Rogge said. "If
lawyers remained servile and don't
protest, they will be letting their
clients go to jail. However, if they
protest and fight, they will go to
jail with them."
He ended by asking, "How much.
good is a lawyer going to be if he
has to ;work in fear of being held
Harold Christoffel was "well-
framed," 0. John Rogge declared
in an interview yesterday.
Rogge defended the Milwaukee
labor leaderfagainst charges that
he lied under oath in telling a
Congressional committee on Edu-
cation and Labor that he had
never been a Communist. The trial
ended Thursday with Christoffel's
ROGGE accused management
of wanting to get rid of Christoffel,
who, as president of Local 248
UAW-CIO at the Milwaukee plant
of Allis Chalmers, had built ur
his union to 8,000 members on a
Kauff man ..
The true liberal is neither of the
extreme right nor of the extreme
left, the Rev. Albert Kauffman of
Bancroft, Mich., told the Demo-
cracy in Education Conference
"The greatest tyrants of demo-
cracy are the creeds and '-isms',"
Mr. Kauffman warned. They con-
fine thinking to certain patterns
that are "final" and do not per-
mit change, he said.
* * *
IT IS liberal thinking that pro-
duces democracy, Mr. Kauffman
emphasized. He defined democra-
cy as "that system in which the
individual can gain the maximum
self-respect and esteem."
SA liberal is never a fatalist,
he declared. "le believes in the
integrity of the human mind,
in honest, clear, careful, patient,
Another essential requisite for a
liberal is self-respect, he contifi-
KAUFFMAN deplored the lead-
er-follower concept in this coun-
try, which he said the public school
This concept conditions peo-
ple to forget to be critical .of
their leaders, he declared. As a
consequence they do not vote
and become the "non-partici-
pators" in our democratic socie-
These people who fail to be-
come. leaders become instead the
rebels, those who are waiting for
the "Man on the White Horse,"
someone to tell them how wonder-
ful they are, Kauffman explained.
It is up toeducation to evolve
a system of group leadership so
that everyone will have a chance
to lead in some particular way,
See PANELS, Page 6
(Special to The Daily)
hockey crew busted Minnesota
wide open here last night, 6-2, to
take a clean two-game series from
Previously, the Wolverines
drubbed Minnesota, 7-3, Friday
night. In polishing off the Go-
phers for the fourth time this year,
the Wolverines claimed their 18th
win of the season as against 3
BOB HEATHCOTT paced the
Wolverine attack as he picked up
his first hat-trick of the campaign
by slamming 3 goals through the
Maroon and Gold crease.
In a listless first period, the
Maize and Blue earned only one
goal. Unassisted, H e a thc ot t
pounded a seven-foot rebound
shot past Bob Moran at 6:50.
Minnesota tied up the game at
14:44 when John Amatuzio as-
sisted by Bob Nyhus faked out
Jack MacInnes with a short
Haethcott personally put th
game on ice for the Wolverines
during the second period when he
pushed home two more goals. With
Mel Peterson of the Gophers in
the penalty box, Heathcott agtn
unassisted beat Moran at 5:57.
Roaring back at 7:19, Heathcott
assisted by Paul Pelow took a re-
bound shot and cleared Moran who
was flat on his back at the time.
WITH THREE TO ONE, Neil
Celey whipped a pass to Gil Bur-
ford at 14:32 who rammed the
puck through the rigging.
Burford stole the puck at 6:56
and shot a pass to Celley whofired
a sucessful marker from 15 feet
in front of the Gopher nets. Joe
Marmo landed the final score of
the tilt when he hammered a shot
from the blue line to single-hand-
edly rack up the tally at 7:51.
"Asked to Kill"
MANCHESTER --- (P) - The
prosecution in the mercy-murder
trial of Dr. Herman N. Sander
says the physician acted more to
spare the anguish of a dying
woman's husband than to end her
i Mrs. Abbie Borroto, 59, who, it
is charged, died of air injected
into her veins by Dr. Sander, was
for several days so near death
from cancer that she suffered
little, the state says.
This testimony apparently will
be accepted by the defense and
supplemented with the evidence of
another doctor that Mrs. Borroto
was medically dead before the
STUDENT RIGHTS FORUM-Student Legislator Tom Walsh, 51L, leads off the panel talks at
yesterday's SL-sponsored Bill of Rights Forum at Lane Hall. Featured speakers were (left to right)
Rev. Fr. Frank McPhillips of' St. Mary's Chapel; Walsh; SL president Quent Nesbitt, '50 B'Ad;
Associate Dean of Student Walter B. Rea and Prof. Frank Huntley, of the English Department.,
F mi i
May Halt Further
LONDON - (P) - Prime Min=
ster Attlee decided yesterday t
try governing Britain on his La.
bor Party's razor-thin majority.
After an emergency Cabine
meeting of an hour and a quarter
he announced "We are carryini
on" and sent word of his decision
to King George VI.
* * *
THE SHY, unassuming Labo:
Party leader wil be attempting t
run a nation of some 50,000,001
with what may be the smalles
government majority in the Hous
of Commons for a century.
Excluding the non-partisan
speaker of the House and four
results to be reported later, La-
bor holds 315 seats in the 625-
seat Commons, the Consgrp-
tives 294, the Liberals 8, Inde-
pendeits one and Irish Nation-
This gave Attlee just two vote
over a bare majority of 313 an
a margin of only 21 over his mos
dangerous opposition, Winto
* * *
THE FOUR DISTRICTS stil
out were three in Scotland whic:
are not scheduled to report unt:
tomorrow and a Manchester dis
trict which holds a delayed ele
tion March 9 because of the deat]
of a candidate.
Three of these districts wen
Conservative in 1945 and one won
The effect of the slender Pat-
liamentary edge will almost cer-
tainly forcePrime Minister Att-
lee and Foreign Minister Bevin
to move exteremly cautiously in
foreign as well as domestic mat-
MEANWHILE an early meetin
between Secretary of State Ache
son and British Foreign Minist,
Bevin may be called to revie-
British - American relations, ac
cording to well-informed diploma
Although preliminary steps
have yet to be taken and some
American officials said talk of
such a meeting is "premature,'
State Department authorities
have already begun considering
what problems need to be at-
tacked by the two men and what
results might be achieved.
By JIM BROWN features should be incorporated in
Students and faculty members a bill of rights applicable to uni-
tangled briefly over a proposed versities and colleges all over the
student bill of rights at yesterday's nation, some faculty members and
Student Legislature-sponsored Bill students questioned the very de-
of Rights forum at Lane Hall. sirability of such a bill.
Although the forum was de- * * *
signed to enable students, faculty REV. FR. FRANK McPhillips of
members and administrators to St. Marys Chapel, a member of
reach agreement on just what the University's Board of Religious
SL Petiti"oning Arouses
Student Political Activty
Campus political machines will grind into action this week close
on the heels of yesterday's announcement that petitioning for this
spring's Student Legislature election will begin Wednesday afternoon.
Petitions will be available from 3 to 5 p.m., March \2-10, at the
offices of the SL secretariat in the Union. Candidates must secure
the signatures of 150 students and file the petitions by March 14, ac-
cording to.Dave Belin, '51, chairman'of the SL citizenship committee.
* * * *
THE ELECTIONS will be held more than a month later, on
April 26 and 27.
Pointing out that petitions are being issued slightly earlier
than in previous years, Legislator Tom Cramer, '51, of the pub-
lic relations committee said, __
Counselors, pointed out that a
student enters college for train-
ing and that "anyone in training
must subject himself to obedience.
Seconding the opinions of Fr.
McPhillips, Prof. Frank Huntley
of the English Department charg-
ed that students "voluntarily sub-
jugate" themselves to the loss of
some rights when they enroll in a
He felt that a student bill of
rights "would only increase
tensions and "if there is any-
thing we don't need at Michigan,
it's another kind of pressure."
"I believe that a set of principles
which would clearly set forth the
best relationship between students,
faculty members and administra-
tors would be better than a doc-
trinaire bill of rights," he added.
* * *
OPPOSITION to the stand tak-
en by Fr. McPhillips and Prof.
Huntley was voiced by Legislator
Tom Walsh, 51L, and other stu-
dents attending the forum.
Walsh charged that "student
rights are basically a continua-
tion of his rights as a citizen"
and that a bill of rights "is not
concerned with a student's rights
as a child or a trainee in a'class-
room, but as a citizen."
Walsh' was supported by Prof.
Preston Slosson, of the history
department, who asserted that
"students as citizens in off-campus
life should have exactly the same
rights as other citizens."
* * *
POINTING OUT that Univer-
sity students already possess most
of the rights listed in various bill
of rights proposals, Associate Dean
of Students Walter B. Rea assert-
ed that drawing up such a con-
tract would be a "very difficult
"We feel that a longer peti-
tioning and campaign period
will give candidates a chance
to become better acquainted1
with SL before they are elected."
"It will make the process of
breaking in new Legislators much
more efficient and enable SL to
swing into full operation imme-
diately after the elections without
the usual lag attributable to the
inexperience of the newly elected
members," Cramer added.j
BERLIN-- (A") - West Germany
lifted an Allied-sponsored embargo
on steel exports to the Russian
,one yesterday and advocated
more trade with the East.
The steel ban, which went
into effect Feb. 8, was eliminated
after two weeks of bargaining be-
hind closed doors in East Berlin.
Negotiators of the two rival
German republics issued a joint
communique which avoided using
the word "republic" at all.
* * *
A SPECIAL training
will again be set up for
didates by the citizenship
HILL FREEZES OVER:
'Icelandia' Brings Skates to
.- - - - --------
Another "first" for Hill Auditorium will occur March 7 when
people start skating around the stage on a real ice rink.
And no damage will be done, much to the Administration's relief,
thanks to the group that's bringing it to Hill in their show "Icelandia"
at 7 and 9:30 p.m. March 7.
* * * * ..
THE SHOW, sponsored by the Engineering Council, will feature a
miniature "Ice Capades" on a special ice sheet 38 by 28 feet.
"It was a tough fight, but we won," said Council repre-
sentative Stand Wiggin, when the council finally talked skeptical
* * *
<.into the pipes, which freezes water sprinkled repeatedly on the sand
until an inch of smooth clean ice is set up for the show. The ice gets
nicked up during the performance, and has to be reconditioned for
the second show.
* * * *
"SMOOTHIE'S" life blood is a condensor set up outside the audi-
torium in a big semi-trailer-truck that keeps the ice skatable.
Toughest job of the whole situation is taking equipment down
after the shows. The ice is broken up and dragged bodily off the
stage, leaving everything in shape for anything from a ballet to
WASV;INGTON- (AP) -A prop
sal for junking Federal rent co
trols - now covering 11,000,0
housing units throughout the n
tion - was made to the Sens
yesterday by its powerful Appr
The Committee voted to allo
the Office of Housing Expedit
which supervises rent contrc
only $2,600,000 from its functio
from now to June 30, and order
those funds used to wind up
affairs and pay off its 4,135 en
THE SURPRISE move by t
Appropriations Committee was ce
tain to kick up a floor fight fro
supporters of President Truma
The President twice has asks
Congress to extend the Fede:
rent ceilings and related prote
tions for tenants for another ye
Most opposition to the moi
was expected from Senators rep
resenting the big cities.
Sen. Douglas (D.-Ill.) said
had been making a survey of Il