THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESD~AY, FEBRUARLY 21, x.950
Dewey & the Old Guard
THE SNICKERS of smug Demo- tration. "It must have been some very clum-
nd the guarded complaints of such sy Republican," he said.
publicans as Pennsylvania's Gov- "Anyone who thinks that an attack on the
es Duff and New York's Senator fundamental idea of security and welfare
s, the Republican Party launched is appealing to the people generally is living
vacuous statement of principles in the Middle Ages."
At the same time, perennial presidential
candidate Tom Dewey was up at Princeton
University doing a Pit of reflective thinking
and talking of his own.
Whether Governor Dewey was sincere
in his statements and has actually learned
a lesson in liberalism from his humiliat-
ing defeats is definitely ponderable, but
what he said at Princeton amounts to rank
heresy when compared to the new laid
The gist of Mr.' Dewey's argument was
1-Those who make the Republican party
the conservative-reactionary party, the
Democrats the liberal-radical party, are as-
suring 'the Democrats of victory in every
election, he said.
2-The conservatives in Australia and
New Zealand, Dewey pointed out, won only
"upon the firmest assurances that they
would retain the welfare provisions made
by their opponents."
3-Although he was still against "the gal-
loping socialism of big government," Dewey
was scornful of whoever had pinned the
label "welfare state" on Truman's Adminis-
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: DAVE THOMAS
The fact that in a speech last fall Dewey
himself denounced the "self-feeding, ever-
growing, nobody -can -feed -you -but-us-
philosophy of the welfare state" makes his
most recent observations appear all the
Proceeding on the assumption that Dewey
is sincere in his new-found philosophy, his
Princeton platform is definitely encouraging
as to the prospects of the Republican future.
It would indicate that Dewey intends to
seize the leadership of the moderate-pro-
gressive elements of his party and direct a
real fight for control against the Old Guard
element of the party - something he should
have done two, if not six, years ago.
Such a fight, were it successful and I
think it could be, would result in a strong,
progressive Republican party which in turn
would mean a revival of our near-defunct
Further, Dewey's twice-eclipsed politi-
cal star might rise once again to presi-
dential prominence could he carry the
fight. By using his own New York govern-
ment as a model of the new progressive
Republicanism he is currently preaching,
the Governor would be a strong force to
contend with in the coming 1952 cam-
Aside from these indications, Dewey's
newly pronounced theories disclose an even
more astounding and here-to-fore unheard
of political fact - even' a Republican is
capable of learning.
WITH DREW PEARSON
THOSE WHO ARE able to get over to the
University Museum of Art in Alumni
Memorial Hall before March 15 will find
the exhibit, The Arts Work Together, now
showing an unusual and rewarding ex-
From the Levitt Gallery in New York
n comes a display showing how modern
painters, sculptors and architects can get
together to produce an organic whole
rather than finding themselves accident-
al and often uneasy bedfellows.
I particularly enjoyed the views of what
must be the world's most princely private
swimming pool. Just a swimming pool?
Well, not exactly. On a 7,000 acre cattle
ranch overlooking San Francisco Bay, shel-
tered by dramatic rock formations spangled
with flowers and framed by huge oaks, is
a broad stone terrace. At the north end
is a recreation building backed with rough
fieldstone and fronted with sheet glass. To
the left of the massive rocky fireplace -is
a soda fountain and, far to the right, the
gray stone wall is relieved by the bright
mural panels of John Haley. The bath house
provides not only the usual facilities, but
luxurious lounge rooms for men and women.
The whole surface area, terrace and all,
is provided with radiant heat. The pool it-
$ef is a graceful boomerang-shaped lagoon
containing in the center a giant piece of
free form sculpture executed in concrete by
Adeline Kent. The part of this object that
lies above water provides a tiny island for
sun-bathing and a raised platform for div-
ing. While the lower section is pierced by
a great hole to make underwater swimming
Not all other buildings are as success-
ful. A hypothetical project for the Mac
Duff Tobacco Shop, designed by Burton
Eddy, contains a 20-foot high nude male
wooden figure which the sculptor, John-
fled Bergschneider, has perhaps optimis-
tically hoped yould fit into the cigar-store
Indian tradition. It doesn't. As the great
bard said, "Lay on, Mac Duff; and sane
be he who first cries 'hold, enough'."
There are also designs for some rather
interesting murals for the lounge rooms of
the Exochorda, one of the American Export
Lines' new ships. The large one over the
bar, by Steinberg, has all this artist's sense
of sly whimsy, down to the center panel of
a group of travellers looking at a mural over
the ship's bar. But the map of Mine Okubo
looks to me like a run-of-the-mill Fortune
advertisement, whereas the dining room
mural by Loren MacIver, while handled with
much more delicacy and skill, is still a bit
Doubtlessly the most peculiar thing in the
show is a design for a bedroom, bathroom,
and garden by Robert Kennedy of Boston.
I suppose somewhere there must be some-
body who wants an expensive house with
only a bedroom and bathroom. The garden
is quite lovely; an interplay of eerie shapes
suggesting sea forms, executed as a mural
for the bottom of the pool by Laurence
Kupferman, is repeated in a large free-
standing screen nearby. How these bright
tones will be preserved against snow, ice,
sun and water is not indicated. Nor in the
giant mural that agitates the entire long
wall of the bedroom, with streaks of flame
and sunbursts, is there any indication of
how the occupant gains rest.
New Books at the Library
Amory, Cleveland, Home Town, New York,
Harper & Brothers, 1950.
Llewellyn, Richard, A Few Flowers for Shin-
er, New York, The Macmillen Co., 1950.
Lockridge, Frances and Richard. The Dis-
honest Murderer, Philadelphia and New
York, J. B. Lippincott Co., 1950.
Saroyan, William, The Assyrian and Other
Stories, New York, Harcourt, Brace, and
Shellabarger, Samuel, The King's Cavalier,
Boston, Little, Brown and Co., 1950.
Smith, Walter Bedell, My Three Years in
Moscow, Philadelphia and New York, J.
B. Lippincott Co., 1950.
IetteA' TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters whichsare signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited, or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
"Father, Dear Father "
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
WASHINGTON-Around the giant Penta-
gon building, just across the Potomac,
winds a labyrinth of beautiful boulevards
built during the war at considerable cost to
The other day in Richmond, Va., the
two builders of these boulevards, McKen-
zie Davison and W. J. "Doc" Hardy, walk-
ed into court and pleaded "no contest" to
four of six counts accusing them of de-
frauding the government of $217,806 in
taxes - the same government which paid
them handsomely on war contracts.
Behind this 'virtual Vplea of guilty lies a
long story, dating back to October, 1948, in
which this column exposed Hardy and Dav-
ison, not only for income-tax evasion, but
for political wirepulling, concealment, and
dodging. When this column published the
story on Oct. 19, 1948, it was so sensational
that some papers refused to print it.
The two road contractors had made out
false invoices, written checks to other con-
tractors, who then cashed the checks
themselves, and generally falsified. Yet
for eight months after this column's ex-
pose, they argued, pleaded, and haggled
with patient Justice Department attor-
Finally, last July the case was sent to the
U.S. Attorney in Richmond for prosecution,
where, however, it dragged. And it was not
until after this column, on Oct. 21, 1949,
again reviewed the lengthy delay that the
tax-evading road builders finally were in-
* * *
GRAVE RUSSIAN PREPARATIONS
PERHAPS THE gravest briefing given to
Congressional leaders since V-J Day took
place at the Pentagon building last week.
The substance of the closed-door session
was that Russia must be preparing for ag-
The briefing was given by Lt. Gen. Al-
fred Gruenther on behalf of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff to members of both the
Senate and House Appropriations Com-
mittees and Armed Services Committees.
Gen. Gruenther was cautious in his state-
ments, confined himself largely to a dis-
cussion of Soviet armed strength, let the
Congressmen draw their own conclusions.
After listening to the report, however,
Congressmen Engel of Michigan, Sikes of
Florida and Cannon of Missouri spoke out
that Russia could have only one purpose in
building such a powerful arsenal: to wage
Here are some of the main facts presented
by Gen. Gruenther - facts which Moscow
already knows since there is no particular
secret about our armed strength. Russia, he
said, is spending 18 per cent of her national
wealth on arms, which is triple what the
United States is spending. Even taking our
top budget figure of $15,500,000,000 - which
includes stockpiling - the United States is
investing only 6 per cent of her wealth in
Russia has 40,000 tanks. This includes
the best heavy tank in the world - the
Joe Stalin Mark III. In contrast, the U.S.
Army has only 7,000 tanks, none of them
can muster over 500 divisions at the drop
of a bomb.
* * *
JOHNSON KEEPS QUIET
THROUGHOUT THE briefings, Secretary
of Defense Johnson took a back seat and
let military spokesmen talk. At one point,
however, he broke in only to be slapped
down by Congressman Sheppard of Califor-
Sheppard wanted to know how reliable
the information on Soviet strength was,
and while a civilian expert was trying to
explain that the Iron Curtain is drawing
tighter, Johnson tried to brush aside the
"If we can't get an answer," snapped
Sheppard, "we may as well go home."
The Secretary of Defense subsided.
Gen. Gruenther brushed aside questions
about increased military needs by warning:
"Don't ask me. I am liable to be biased."
Once he quipped: "As Senator Wherry has
said, military people would fortify the
Gruenther also warned that we must not
bleed ourselves by overspending, that some
people are too concerned about security
and not enough about economy. Finally,
Secretary of Defense Johnson broke in and
suggested that the Chiefs of Staff should
join Gen. Gruenther in answering some of
One by one, General Bradley, Army
Chief of Staff Collins, and Chief of Naval
Operations Sherman agreed that economy
comes first. Johnson beamed like a school-
teacher whose pupils are reciting the cor-
Bradley reported that our occupation
troops are in areas where they are stra-.
tegically useful, and assured that we could.
meet any attack by quickly concentrating
(Copyright, 1950, by the Bell' Syndicate, Inc.)
The Hiss Case ...
To the Editor:
THE DAILY is in need of an
opinion opposing that express-
ed by Roma Lipsky in the Feb. 16
edition. Most readers will agree
with Lipsky that the guilt of one
man shouldn't be spread over the
entire New Deal. We are agreed
that some Congressmen used the
case for publicity. But in order to
keep our thinking clear we should
review some lanes of thought fa-
vorable to the prosecution.
It might be noted here that Mr.
Hiss was not indicted for Com-
munist activities, but for per-
jury. He said that he had not
seen Chambers after Jan. 1, 1937.
He said that he hadn't given
Chambers certain documents. The
testimony of a former maid, the
documents, the typewriter, the
coincidence of dates involving the
four-hundred dollar loan in late
1937 - these show that the prose-
cution's case was not groundless
or dependent entirely on Cham-
ber's testimony . . .
By reading that Mr. Hiss him-
self produced the typewriter and
other documents which proved
damaging to his case, a person
might be left with a more favor-
able attitude toward the man. Let
us explore the possibility that Mr.
Hiss knew very well that the type-
writer and documents eventually
would have been produced by the
prosecution. Indeed, Mr. Hiss
would have been more suspect if
the typewriter could not have been
Producing the typewriter, as
well as instituting suit against
Chambers, were the bold doings of
a desperate man. It reminds one
of the story of the fist aiplane
pilot ever to survive the dread
tailspin in the early days of fly-
ing. The pilot thwarted death by
an act which all those who had
crashed and died before him had
not thought to try: Instead of
fighting against the downward
spiral the pilot abetted it - sent
his plane screaming toward earth
at full throttle - and regained
control of his machine. Mr. Hiss
had courage. It is, by the way, one
of the commonest of virtues.
The world will never want for
well-intentioned dupes who ap-
praise a man's integrity by his
gentlemanly conduct. History can
be cited from the Fuchs case to
before Socrates. There are other
aspects of the conduct of the
gentlemanly Mr. Hiss which might
make the reader think a moment.
First, can a brilliant, innocent man
so easily forget the face of a for-
mer associate to the extent that
he will say positively that he had
never seen the man? Is it the act
of an innocent gentleman, not a
dentist, to demand to look into
a man's mouth in order to identi-
fy him, when he cannot remem-
ber the man's features?
One more thing: From what
source came all of those intimate,
embarrassing details about Mr.
Chambers' past? Did they come
from a gentleman who professed
not to know him? Who else would
be so interested in having those
details brought to light? It would
take a defense attorney years to
compile a record of so many little
details - without the aid of a
man, with a brilliant memory, who
knew Chambers well.
Opportunity . .
To the Editor:
THE YOUNG Republicans' new
platform is a masterpiece - of
self-applied labels and neat, high
sounding and pleasingly ambigu-
ous slogans. It puts to shame
those poor folks who sell their
applesauce in tin cans.
Take the major labels for in-
stance. The ones which sent young
Jim Gregory off into 1,500 odd
words of emoting prose. The "Op-
portunity State" is the would-be
new battlecry for their grand old
"What a striking contrast tothe
title Welfare State," chirps this
Daily editorial writer a trifle na-
ively. He got the very obvious
Republican point. At the possible
expense of destroying this poor
chap's illusions about politics, I
think it only fair that someone
point out to him that the term
"Welfare State" as used to smear
the Democratic party is also a Re-
I can only conclude, and Mr.
Gregory may too if he choses to
view the matter rationally, that
this platform, based upon this
articially created innuendo, at-
tacking the "sickly socialist wel-
fare state," really only carries for-
ward the old Republican propa-
ganda line rather than striving to
be an intellectually honest and
objective statement of principles
which college students could and
should make to the political scene.
I would suggest to my Republican
friends that this approach has
failed to fool enough of the people
enough of the time.
I wonder why you neglected to
include some of the other "Rights"
which labor and the American
people got from the Taft-Hartley
Act. I couldn't find the section
on what revisions you proposed to
make in that Act. Does the "elim-
ination of "double taxation" mean
you want to getrid of corporation
taxes? I wonder if you can ex-
plain why the Republican Farm
Bill is "sound" as contrasted with
the Brannan plan which you cas-
ually labelled "impractical?"
Space is short here but I sug-
gest to Mr. Gregorytandhhis fol-
lowers that if any of them care
to factually support specific prin-
ciples within their masterpiece, I,
and I'm sure ma.y others would
be only too happy to reply!
We might remind the Young
Republicans that since way last
summer the Young Democrats
have tried to pin them down on a
series of public debates on current
Congressionalissues. Perhaps the
YR is ready now?
Squirrel Loses Teeth
FLAT RIVER, Mo.-toP)-A lit-
tle grey squirrel tumbled down a
six inch mine air vent shaft and
On the way down however, it
lost its toenails and footpads. Also
missing are its front teeth.
(Continued from Page 3)
Varsity Debate and Oratory:
Open to all undergraduates in
good standing, except first-sem-
ester freshmen. First organization-
al meeting of second semester, at
7:30 p.m., R. 4203, Angell Hall.
Program: Oratorical plans and
contests outlined by Dr. William
Sattler; demonstration debate;
preliminary varsity debate assign-
ments for tournament on March
3, and for other dates on inter-
Gilbert and Sullivan Society -
Try-outs for all principal roles
for "Iolanthe." Tues., 7-10 p.m.,
Room 3M, Union.
Christian Science Organization:
Testimonial meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
Upper Room, Lane Hall. All are
The Cercle Francais will meet
Tues., Feb. 21, at 8 p.m. in the
Hussey Room, League. Songs,
film: "Food for Paris Markets"
(recent release), coffee. All mem-
bers warmly invited.
N.S.A. Comm. of S.L.: 4 p.m. at
the Union, 3N. Student Bill of
Rights Forum, Committee reports,
and new business. Interested stu-
dents are invited to attend.
The Choral Union will hold its
regular full rehearsal tonight at
7 o'clock sharp, in Room B, Ha-
I.S.A.-General meeting, 7:30
p.m., at International Center.
AIEE-IRE will meet with the
Michigan Section of the AIEE in
the Rackham Amphitheater at 8
p.m. to hear Mr. William D. Cock-
rell of the General Electric Co.
talk about Magnetic Amplifiers.
U. of M. Rifle Club. Shoulder
to Shoulder Match with ROTC
Team, 8 p.m., Wed., Feb. 22, at
ROTC Range. Practice Hours for
Club, Mon. and Fri., 1-3, Tues. and
Thurs., 11, and Wed. and Fri. eve-
nings in ROTC range. Rifles and
Ullr Ski Club: Meeting Wed.,
Feb. 22, 1035 Angell Hall, 7:30p.m.
to plan a trip and enter the meet
at Boyne Mountain this weekend.
Alpha Kappa Psi, professional
Business Administration frater-
nity, invites all interested Busi-
ness Administration and Econom-
ics majors to attend a rushing
smoker, Wed., Feb. 22, chapter
house, 1325 Washtenaw, at 7:30
Groups in Hindi will be or-
ganized at the International Cen-
ter starting at 8 p.m. Tues., Feb.
21. Both beginners ad advanced
students will be welcome.
The Women of the University
Faculty will meet for dinner in the
Hussey Room of the Michigan
League, Wed., Feb. 22, at 6:15 p.-
m. Dr. George G. Cameron, Pro-
fessor of Near Eastern Cultures,
will speak on his 1948 expedition
Phi Lambda Upsilon meets at
7:30 p.m., Wed., Feb. 22, W. Con-
ference Rm., Rackham Bldg. Prof.
James B. Wallace will discuss "Re-
lationships of Music to The Other
Arts and to Science."
U. of M. Hostel Club. First meet-
ing of semester. Thurs., Feb. 23,
7:15 p.m., Lane Hall. New mem-
U. of M. Hostel Club. Portage
Lake Skate or Hike. Sat., Feb. 25.
Meet at League at 12, with lunch.
Call leader. Bob Duval, 2-0609,
Square and Folk Dance Club
Meeting: All interested men and
women are welcome. Women's
Athletic Building. 7:30-9:30 p.m.,
Wed., Feb. 22.
Tues., ' Feb. 21 - 8:00 p.m.,
Medical loundtable, Guest Speak-
er, Dr. Malcolm H. Soule.
Wed., Feb. 22 - 8:00 p.m., In-
struction in Ballroom Dancing;
8:00 p.m., Canasta Instruction.
Thurs. Feb. 23 - 4:30 p.m.,
Tea at International Center;.8:00
p.m., Camera Club; 7:30 p.m.,
Fri., Feb. 24 - 7:00 p.m.,
Sports program at Intramural
Sat., Feb. 25 - 3:00 p.m.,
Music Hour; 4:00 p.m., Movies on
America; 8:00 p.m. I.S.A. Open
Sun., Feb. 26 6:00 p.m., Ger-
man Supper, Films on Germany,
I.A.S. Meeting: Wed., Feb. 22
7:30 p.m., Rm. 1042 E.E. Film:
Target: Peace (by Consolidated)
also Election .of Officers.
SDX Meeting-7:30 p.m., Wed.,
Feb.- 22, in the Journalism De-
partment, Haven Hall.
Young Progressives of America:
First meeting of semester Wed.,
Feb. 22, 7:30 p.m., Michigan Un-
ion. Bring your friends and ideas
Kindal Nihon Kenkyukal: Gen-
eral meeting Wednesday, 8 p.m.,
East Conference Room, Rackham
Bldg. Semester dues will be ac-
cepted. Movies taken in post-war
Japan will be shown. All inter-
ested persons invited.
ASCE Student Chapter presents
Dr. Bruce G. Johnston, Director of
Fritz Engineering Laboratory, Le-
high University, speaking on
"Semi-rigid Building Conne-
tions," sponsored jointly by ASCE
Student- Chapter and the Civil
Engineering Department. Wed,.
Feb. 22, 7:30 p.m., Michigan Un-
ion, Room 3-KLMN. Refresh-
Michigan Arts Chorale: Regular
rehearsal Wed. night at 7 p.m.,
Rm. B, H.H. New members wel-
Pre-Medical Society: Dean Gor-
don H. Scott of Wayne University
will address Pre-medics on the
topics: Medical School Admissions
and What is Expected of the Fu-
ture Physician. Also, March o
Time movies on "Frontiers of Mo-
dern Medicine" and "Heart Di-
sease,".Wed., Feb. 22, at 7:30 p.m.,
Room 1400 Chem. Bldg. New mem-
Romance Journal Club. Wed.,
Feb. 22, 4:15 p.m., E. Conference
Rm., Rackham Bldg. Prof. Marc
Denkinger and M. Georges Levin
will speak on contemporary
France. Guests invited.
Sigma Gamma Epsilon. Will
meet Wed., Feb. 22, Rm. 3054 Na-
tural Science, 12:15 p.m. Business
meeting with a discussion of this
A.S.M.E. Open meeting, Feb. 22
7:30 p.m. in the Arch. Bldg. Aud.
Report on A.S.M.E. National Meet-
ing by Prof. F. L. Schwartz. Films
-"Alloy Steels" and "Unfinished
Canterbury Club: Tues., 5 p.m.,
Mardi Gras dinner and carnival,
Page Hall, everyone welcome.
Wed., 7:15 a.m., Holy Commun-
ion followed by Student Breakfast.
10:15 a.m., Holy Communion; 5:15
p.m., Evening Prayer and Medita-
tion. 8 p.m., Evening Prayer and
CURRENT 7 I MQ/l
At The Michigan ..
BATTLEGROUND, with Van Johnson,
George Murphy, Marshall Thompson and
a, company of khaki-clad bit players.
CENTERING ON THE activities of the
101st Airborne Division in the Battle of
Bastogne, this movies is a well-executed
dramatization of the day-to-day life of sold-
iers fighting through a history-making ac-
As such, it is a very human, frequently
humorous, study of character types react-
ing to the crisis in which they have bee
placed. It isn't profound, nor are its ef-
forts directed toward dramatizing the ins
and outs of military strategy. It is a
"piece of life" film which, happily, takes
as its subject a very climatic period in the
Battle of Europe.
With perhaps ten men who could be called
centralchrates-it cano~rt Lyn intn 1 vi,'
saga of another soldier's false teeth, and
another's big feet for which no boots can
A large share of credit should go to Mar-
shall Thompson as the trustful replacement
who gradually evolves into a slightly dis-
illusioned skeptic. But "Battleground" is
primarily the story of a whole group of men,
of which these individuals are merely parts.
After all this amusement, concentra-
tion on the human element of the story,
and surprisingly few stabs of tragedy, it
comes as a shock to the audience, as to
the company, that these few men have
held the line which was incapacitated by
fog, fuel and food shortages, until the
weather lifted and the rest of the army
was finally enabled to function.
"Battleground" is a very good film (even
if the advertisement says so too), for intel-
ligent script and direction have made it into
something which doesn't conform to the
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Leon Jaroff.........Managing Editor
Al Blumrosen.. ...........City Editor
Philip Dawson....... Editorial Director
Mary Stein.............Associate Editor
Jo Misner..............Associate Editor
George Walker ........ Associate Editor
Don McNeil..........Associate Editor
Wally Barth....... Photography Editor
Pres Holmes.........Sports Co-Editor
Merle Levin.........Sports Co-Editor
Roger Goelz.....Associate Sports Editor
Lee Kaltenbach........Women's Editor
Barbara Smith... Associate Women's Ed.
Joyce Clark ......... Assistant Librarian
Roger Wellington.... Business Manager
Dee Nelson. .Associate Business Manager
Jim Dangl.......Advertising Manager
Bernie Aidinoff....... Finance Manager
Bob Daniels......Circulation Manager
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