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May 18, 1950 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1950-05-18

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PAEFOUR

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__________________________________________________. L'U.Z..d L U 11lAZ.T.KCl\1 .71tlJ.d .
__ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ __!V_ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _

THUkRSAY, MAY 18, 1950

i

Crisis in Southeast Asia

EDITOR'S NOTE - This is the first in a
series of three editorials on the present-day
situation in Southeastern Asia, and the poli
tics o Russia and the United States in that
area.
ONE OF THE most critical of the cold war
battlegrounds is the complex area of
Southeastern Asia. Here the confused and
often opposing policies of the Western pow-
ers has aided the growth of Communism
and Russian influence.
In Viet Nam, liveliest corner of Indo-
China, a Moscow trained Communist gue-
.rilla leader, Ho Chi Minh, is waging a suc-
cessful rebellion against the French puppet
ruler, Bao Dai. The socialist government of
Burma is faced with four separate revolu-
Dance.Festival
DANCE AS A University sponsored func-
tion has long been overlooked on this
campus. An attempt to fill this striking gap
will be made this week-end with the pre-
sentation of a two day Dance Festival.
The unfortunate lack of emphasis on
dance as an artistic medium in Ann Arbor
is especially pointed when contrasted to
the traditional excellence of local musical
and dramatic events.
Ann Arbor has long been a leading center
of both, professional, and amateur activity
in these fields, but throughout the years the
Dance has remained a local orphan. It has
bypassed this campus for points in Michi-
gan where its demand is hardly greater.
This year alone surrounding areas have
played host to the most celebrated dance
troupes and performers in America today.
The English company Sadlers' Wells, Uday
Shankar and his Hindu company have per-
formed at East Lansing, Martha Graham
at Albion-all sponsored by smaller schools
than the University. Detroit has seen the
Ballet Theatre, the Paris Ballet and Jose
Limon and Company.
But Ann Arbor can only boast a one-night
stand by the Ballet Russe brought here by
a commerical establishment. That one per-
formance, which was sold out shortly after
tickets went on sale certainly indicates that
the demand is present even with the limited
stimulus which campus group have been
able to provide.
The work of the Modern Dance and Ballet
clubs and the Inter-Art-Union cannot be
underestimated. They deserve rich applause,
but more important, enthusiastic support
for their past and projected ventures to
bring the Dance to campus.
This weekend they are bringing to cam-
pus a group of heartily acclaimed pro-
fessionals, Dudley Maslow and Bales to
highlight the first Dance Festival. Spon-
sored jointly by the Womens physical ed-
ucation department the Festival will also
give a performance by local dance groups.
The Dance will present its test case here
Friday and Saturday nights. Its future de-
pends on the response and support with
which it is greeted.
--Roz Virshup
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: PETER HOTON

tions-two of them Communist led. The
jungles of the Malay States are the setting
for another guerilla battle, with Chinese
Communists directing the fight. The situa-
tion in the Philippines is so unstable that
President Quirino has reportedly left Mani-
la, and Secretary of State Acheson has noted
a possible collapse of the government there
in the near future. And although Indo-
nesia and Thailand are stable on the politi-
cal front, Chinese minorities could spell
trouble if Communism spreads throughout
the rest of the area.
Russian and native Communist success
in these lands has stemmed largely from
two factors: the physical character of the
territory, and the rise of a new spirit of
nationalism..
Southeast Asia is a jumble of lands, peo-
ples, cultures, religions, races, and political
units. Here are Buddhists, Moslems, follow-
ers of Confucius, Caodaists and Christians.
Here are the cultures of ancient China, In-
dia, Siam, Malaya and all their mixtures.
Here are worn out colonial systems, stayed
monarchies, struggling republics. And here
are millions of people of all types of racial
descent.
Despite the richness of the labor force
and natural resources-iron, zinc, tin, oil,
gasoline, manganese, lead, gold, silver, rub-
ber-the area is technologically backward.
The people spend most of their time trying
to feed themselves.
Aside from the religious wars that flare
up periodically, Southeastern Asia is the
site of a great struggle for freedom from
domination by the West. The whole area
is seething with a spirit of nationalism,
which was stirred up by Japanese occupa-
tion in the last war-
The Soviet Union has capitalized on the
backwardness and especially on this new
spirit. It has adopted a policy of encouraging
colonial wars and gaining the friendship of
native rebel leaders. By this the Russians
hope to instill a fear of the West forever in
the people here and at the same time gain
the confidence of their future leaders.
The United States has followed opposite
methods. This country has long favored
security and freedom from the old colo-
nial system in Southeast Asia, despite
any threat of Communism. Now we urge
this policy even more with the hope that
the new freedom will win the friendship of
these people to the West.
But the United States has been faced
with the opposition of such powers as Great
Britain, Holland and France who have been
adverse to giving up outmoded colonial em-
pires. We have feared that financial or mili-
tary aid to colonial powers would mean a
strengthening of the colonial system.
Finally the State Department has real-
ized that despite this fact it must act if
it is to beat Russia in Southeastern Asia.
Secretary of State Acheson has approved
aid to the shaky Boa regime in Viet Nam,
and Congress has come out in favor of
the President's Point Four for aid to back-
ward areas.
But, unless immediate action is taken,
aid may be too late to save the rich resources
and the people of this part of the world from
falling into the hands of Communist Rus-
sia.
-Vern Emerson
(NEXT: Indo-China - sorest spot in the
Southeastern Asia battleground.)

IFC Action ,
TONIGHT, AT the IFC's last house presi-
dents meeting of the semester, the new
executives plan to include on their agenda
a discussion of the old thorn, discrimina-
tory clauses in fraternity constitutions.
Such a discussion is especially vital
at this time, for many fraternities will be
attending national conventions this sum-
mer, presenting them with ripe oppor-
tunities for anti-bias action.
The particular issue which the approach-
ing summer brings up is whether or not the
fraternities should be held responsible for
initiating motions on the convention floor
for the removal of discriminatory clauses.
This measure was originally proposed by the
Interfraternity Committee on Discrimina-
tion, but was rejected by IFC, which only
required that the chapters petition their na-
tional organizations by January 1, 1951. The
question now, in everyone's mind is what
will IFC expect of the representatives of the
University chapters on the convention floor?
Fraternity leaders are sincerely anxious to
see the removal of anti-bias clauses-it would
give them a freer hand in choosing mem-
bers. They also believe, and rightly so, that
the removal of the clauses should be ac-
complished by IFC and not be imposed upon
the fraternities by some outside group. How-
ever, they are reluctant to act before the end
of the spring semester. They say it is only
a matter of time until the clauses are re-
moved.
But it appears that if tonight's house
presidents meeting doesn't produce at
least a strong recommendation to the fra-
ternities that they take action on the
floors of their national conventions, Stu-
dent Legislature will do it or attempt to
do it for them.
The discrimination question has been in
a state of suspense the past few weeks, while
IFC awaits the results of its recent ques-
tionnaire. IFC leaders don't want to act un-
til these results are tabulated, and that may
be well into June.
Although the information to be gained
from the questionnaire would indeed prove
valuable in determining the next step, IFC
must face the danger that further delay
can threaten its own interests and take anti-
discriminatory action out of its hands.
--Nancy Bylan

"4 Know Leopards - I Used To Be A Leopard Myself"
~l
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4*g9fQ ts WASH W WT4dqlO?4 Posy 0.

(et tei TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interestand will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
editors.

Communism

. 0

THOMAS L. STOKES:
International Trade

ASHINGTON-For the purpose of reviv-
ing public interest in the United Nations,
which has come to a sort of crisis after five
years, there has been discussed here for a
few days some of those specialized U.N.
agencies that have been doing splendid work
in basic humanitarian and economic fields
above national differences and politics -
among children and refugees, in restoring
and increasing the world's food resources, in
promoting health.
The seuccessful international co-opera-
tion here revealed dramatizes how tragic
it would be if the U.N. were broken up or
allowed to languish. Rather the oppor-
tunity now is offered, at this critical stage
to strengthen the U.N. and perpetuate it
on solid foundations. The discussion here
has been confined to some of the U.N.
agencies, as examples, and has not covered
all of them. There are others doing equally
notable work.
In concluding this series on this subject,
it is fitting to touch on aniother group of
agencies doing valuable work in the field
of improving economic conditions all over
the world, stimulating industry and trade,
one of which is in the news just now.
This is the International Trade Organiza-
tion, ITO, the charter of which framed at
Havana two years ago now is before the
Senate for ratification. The necessity of
our ratification to spur acceptance by other
nations was stressed by President Truman
on his cross-country tour. He charged its
foes with "economic isolationism."
RUSSIA does not subscribe to ITO and in
this n w nrganizatinn the Prsident see

Leading statesmen clearly recognized this
after the end of the last war, realized that
barriers must be broken down and trade
promoted and healthy, stable conditions'
created if another World War is to be avert-
ed. That inspired the movement which
eventually resulted in creation of ITO-be-
ginning in a 1946 conference in London, fol-
lowed by two in 1947 in New York and
Geneva, and culminating in completion of
the charter at Havana in 1948.
ITO not only aims at lowering tariffs
and removing trade barriers of other kinds
by international agreements under its
auspices, but also in increasing industrial
production, improving conditions among
workers, and promoting development of
less advanced countries. In the last ob-
jective its function ties in with President
Truman's so-called Point 4 program for
development of backward areas as well
as with the International Bank for Re-
construction and Development.
Already it has been successful in arrang-
ing tariff concessions by international agree-
ment-through the Geneva agreement of
1947-covering 45,000 items to which 23 gov-
ernments controlling 70 percent of the
world's foreign trade have subscribed, and
the Annecy (France) agreement of last year
representing 11 nations. ITO also has ma-
chinery for settling trade disputes, the first
in history, with various steps for arbftra-
tion leading, if necessary, to appeal for an
advisory opinion from the International
Court of Justice.
THE INTERNATIONAL Bank for Recon-

DREW PEARSON
Washington
Merry-Go-Round
WASHINGTON-One of the most care-
fully guarded secrets of the war was
the fact that Japan was floating balloons
across the Pacific Ocean to Oregon, Wash-
ington and even as far east as Illinois and
Texas.
U.S. censors gave strict orders to sup-
press all news of these balloons; and even
when an Oregon family climbed into a
tree to examine a balloon and was blown
to bits, censors suppressed the information.
Reason for the strict censorship was that
American commanders didn't want the Japs
to know how successful their balloon cam-
paign was. If the Japs realized their bal-
loons were getting across, it was believed
they would launch many more thousands.
After the war ended, cross-examination
of the Jap military revealed that 60,000 of
these balloons had been launched from the
Kurile Islands and Formosa. They crossed,
the Pacific at an altitude of about 17,000
feet at a speed of over 100 miles an hour
and were equipped with gadgets which made
them descend after a certain distance. The
prevailing winds across the Pacific made the
flight relatively simple-despite the fact that
the Pacific is the widest of all oceans.
- The balloons were equipped as incendiary
carriers to set fire to northwest forests, and
later they were to be equipped as carriers of
bacteriological warfare.
* * *
BALLOONS TO RUSSIA
USE OF these same type balloons to carry
propaganda into Russia was proposed in
this column two years ago. The wind cur-
rents from Germany, France, Austria, Tur-
key or even England make it easy to float
balloons into Russia. In fact, they could be
inflated so as to come down in certain
planned areas, carrying not only propaganda,
but bars of soap, candy, shortwave radio sets,
etc.
The Weather Bureau, with whom I con-
ferred at the time, confirmed the fact that
floating the balloons into Russia would
be fairly easy. Secretary of Air Stuart
Symington and Chief of Staff Omar Brad-
ley gave their enthusiastic approval. But
at that time the State Department said no.
However, with increasing Soviet jamming
of the Voice of America, and with the in-
creasing urgency of getting American ideas
across to the Russian people, the State De-
partment under live-wire Assistant Secre-
tary Ed Barrett is re-examining the mat-
ter. A sincere effort is being made to put
across the Acheson idea of "Total Diplo-
macy."
LOUEY AND IIARIRY
(yECRETARY of Defense Louis Johnson's
penchant for talking off the cuff is get-

To the Editor:
ARE YOU worried about Com-
munism? Well, stop worrying!
Read on before you call mhe Com-
mie.
I don't think that we in the
United States need worry about
Communism. It will probably nev-
er destroy our government. Our
living standard is too high; we be-
lieve in free enterprise too much;
we like our way of life too much
to be destroyed by Communism.
But we do have a problem, a real
problem. I refer to a few power-
crazed men,mainly those in the
Kremlin. These men, who simply
want to control the world, use
Communism as a guise. They are
not original; there have been
others-two, in my time.
History has shown that when
men and the empires they build
get too big, they crumble.When
the Soviet Empire gets big enough
it will fall, but should we wait?
We may be hurt by the flying de-
bris, if not before.
How then should we stop the
Soviet? We should continue to help
those countries which we feel will
resist Soviet domination. This
costs money, but isn't it worth
it? We should quietly remove So-
viet agents from our own govern-
ment and urge other nations to
do the same. We should continue
to make clear our intention of
helping all nations threatened by
Soviet domination as well as any
other unwilling subjugation of the
people.
We mustn't expect miracles. We
will always have Communism and
Fascism in our time, but by check-
ing the spread of the Soviet in-
fluence, we may save our freedom
a little longer.
Our checking Sovietism may
not have to occur on the battle-
field. It may be done in the gov-
ernments of the nations we help.
-Maurice Janco
. v
Fraternity Week .. .
To the Editor:
SUNDAY'S Daily brought a gra-
cious end to a gracious week.
Thank you for your tribute to
fraternity week, Mr. Fordney and
Mr. Niemi. Truly, America's fu-
ture is safe as long as tall tanned+
men nobly devote their energy to+
the enlightenment of the less for-
tunate. Let the less fortunate hold
out grateful hands for drops of
culture from IFC dispensers.
Indeed, entertainment and ed-
ucation are words which only par-
tially summarize the activities of
the past week. Thank you for rec-
ognizng IFC for the deep implica-
tions of the past week, Mr. Ford-c
ney and Mr. Niemi.
-Virginia Moore
* * *
Music Criticism *. *
To the Editor:
THE BASIC misconception con-
cerning music criticism and its
function, voiced by John Neu-
feld in Sunday's Daily (and ac-
cepted silently by. so many others)
invites comment.
Mr. Neufeld feels that music
criticism is "impressionstic and
therefore non-debatable." Yet he

proceeds to debate a certainly im-
pressionistic Daily music review
in the balance of his letter. Im-
pressionism in critical reviews is
a dangerous attitude.
Unfortunately, too many pro-
fessional music critics feel sim-
ilarly about their duties: their
function, they feel, is primarily to
record personal reactions above
and beyond musical considera-
tions. Those two vain and repre-
hensible phrases, "I Like" or "I
Do Not Like," soil most of the
criticism today when actually the
reason for such pronouncements
may be nothing more than a per-
sonal association between the cri-
tic's momentary state of digestion
and the music heard. Brahms is so
much more soothing after a steak
diner than Hindemith.
The attitude which elevates the
personal and essentially unmusical
to a position of predominance has
done a great deal of harm. The
cultism it has bred everywhere,
spurred on by the mouthings of
Olin Downes and Virgil Thomson
(the latter on occasions, the form-
er almost always), has done music
and musical performance terrible
injury.
The music critic is rare who will
sacrifice notoriety or niceties of
phrase and metaphor, to do justice
to his position and to his readers.
The music critic first must be
equipped with a working know-
ledge of the scores to be per-
formed on the program he is to re-
view. He next must be equipped to
pass a purely musical judgment on
the performance given that music.
Such impressions as he may gain
from the performer's smile, stage-
deportment or technique are per-
tinent only if they militate against
or enhance a valid recreation of
the music. The critic, therefore,
must judge the music on musical
grounds - from rehearsal listen-
ing or careful score-consultation
or both - and then evaluate the
performance in terms of the score
and its execution. Beyond this, if
the critic feels it necessary to ex-
press a personal impression of like
or dislike, it should be in its pro-
per place and clearly designated as
such. Music criticism not only can,
but must be explicit in this sense.
The critic generally rebels
against such restrictions; in the
time and work involved in valid
critical preparation. The critic who
cannot or will not be bothered to
read score, or the critic who knows
a work only via the medium of the
phonograph in a particular per-
formance is both unjust and in-
competent.
If once the critical profession
is delivered into the hands of
those realizing their responsibility,
recognizing their necessary sub-
ordination to music and the per-
former, willing to work at their
jobs rather than dispense impres-
sionism from ivory towers, we
shall eliminate further need for
debates on "Impressionism" in
music criticism.
-Roger C. Dettmer
* * *
Union .
To the Editor:
WHENEVER A constitutional
change is proposed, as is at
present true with the Michigan
Union, one naturally first asks,

"What is wrong with the present
constitution?"
Anyone familiar with the Michi-
gan Union of the past and with
the Union of today,tknows there
is definitely something wrong
with the- Union. As an editorial
in The Daily pointed out last
spring, the Union does not really
do much, especially when compar-
ed with its activities of yesteryear.
Looking back through the news-
papers and scrapbooks, one notices
a relationship in the decline of
Union activities and the present
method of selecting the Record-
ing Secretary and President. Whe-
ther this is a true or only an ap-
parent relationship can not, at
present, be determined. However,
it is well established that the ac-
tivities of an organization or club
reflect the abilities and continued
effort of its officers. To be a good
officer of a club one must certain-
ly have an interest in and a feel-
ing of responsibility towards the
members of the club.
The present method of selecting
the senior officers of the Union
has no provision for insuring that
the men selected will have an in-
terest in the membership. The
Senior officers are chosen by a
seven man selections committee.
They apparently are chosen on
the basis of what they have done
in the Union and not necessarily
what they have done for the Un-
ion members.
Under the present Constitution,
the Senior officers are responsible
to absolutely no one after they
are elected (except to the Finance
Committee in matters relating to
money). The Selections Commit-
tee has no power over them once
thy are selected. The Union
members have no direct voice in
their selection or in their conse-
quent actions (or lack therof).
If, on the other hand, the Re-
cording Secretary and President
were elected by the Union mem-
bers, their interest, if any, in the
Union members, as well as in the
Union itself would become appar-
ent in pre-election campaigning.
The men on campus would there-
by learn more about their club.
After the Senior officers had been
elected they would have a geeling
of responsibility toward the mem-
bership which had elected them.
It is my contention that this
is the last chance that we, as
Union members, will have to cor-
rect the situation as it stands to-
day. By the passage of proposed
amendment TEN-B Tuesday night,
we can be assured that the Michi-
gan Union will regain its former
importance on campus. Thus the
Union will be of greater service
to its members and the campus,
instead of merely being the glori-
fied hotel it is today.
-Harry McLeod
* * s
"Birth of a Nation".. -
To the Editor:
THE ACTION of the Department
of Speech in cancelling the
scheduled showing of the film
"Birth of a Nation" is to be de-
plored by all fair-minded students.
In yielding to the misguided de-
mands of a small committee, the
department has deprived many
persons who are seriously inter-
ested in the development of the
motion picture as a form of ar-
tistic expression the opportunity
of seeing a film which competent
authorities have acknowledged to
be one of the major advances in
cinematic art.
If the speech department sin-
cerely believes that "the artistic
importance of the film in the
history of the motion picture out-
weighs any criticism that could
be lodged against the film" it
should stand by its beliefs.
Narrow, unjustified censorship

by the few of what the many
should or should not see could
set a dangerous precedent which
would prevent the showing of
many worthwhile films simply be-
cause they did not conform with
the muddled ideas of a small
group.
-Burt Wardenburg
*i * *
"Birth of a Nation" ...
To the Editor:
A committee of students and
faculty members has convin-
ced the speech department to
rescind the awaited showing of
Griffith's masterpiece, "Birth of
a Nation" because it depicts the
freed slave, hence colored people
generally, in a bad light; such
action on this ban-happy campus
cannot help but stir up a storm
of letter writing among the per-
nnial comnientators w h o s e
thoughts daily fatten the letter
column, so let mine appear with
the rest.
This action, though apparently
well intended, helps no minority
group; instead, it brings ridicule
and contumely on all their houses.
I believe that most people, in-
cluding myself, will be far more
apt to scurrey after fiery crosses
to burn after hearing of some-

thing like this than after seeing
Birth of a Nation, -a great film,
albeit an unfavorable depiction
of American colored people.
Read these two hypothetical
headlines; BAN EX-TEACHER,
COMMUNIST SPEAKER FOR
GIVING UNFAVORABLE PIC-
TURE OF ECONOMY; BAN
FILM' FOR GIVING UNFAVOR-
OBLE PICTURE OF MINORITY.
The parallel is plain, and plain
it should be for it is the same un-
derlying philosophy behind both
phenomena; it is the philosophy
which lights the dim way of Fas-
cism and Stalino-Communism
alike; it is the McCarthyesque
philosophy of fear, bigotry and
darkness; it is the philosophy
which tr;!e freemen and tfruly
freedmen have fought since man
began; for any man who fights
it not, who embraces it and is
embraced by it is not free, but is
himself a slave.
-Phil Parmenter
"Birth of a Nation" ..
To the Editor:
NOW "The -Birth of a Nation"
is not to be shown on campus.
I don't know if the same people
who worked for the banning of
this film worked for allowing Phil-
lips to speak on campus or not.
My guess is that they did.
"The Birth of a Nation" may be
anti-Negro; that I don't know. I
also understand that this film is
the leading example of pioneer
movie-making. Why not leave
it to our students to do some of
the discriminating between truth
and falsehood; between equality
and discrimination; and between
the democratic way and commu-
nism.
Must we be spoon-fed on every
turn? Is there no faith on the part
of Michigan student, faculty, and
administration members that the
educational process teaches a man
to think; to distinguish between
what is good and what is bad?
-Tom Dinell

McCarthy .,

0

To the Editor:
THE ATTACKS on the vicious
and slanderous campaign of
Senator Joseph McCarthy have
come from many different sources.
In the recent debate between the
Young Democrats and Young Re-
publicans on the investigation in
the Senate, which centered on Mr.
McCarthy, the Republicans were
very emphatic in the statement
that the views of the Republican
speakers did not represent the
club itself, but solely the opinion
of the speakers. It would seem
that even the Republicans were
not too proud of McCarthy.
The Republican Party is also
the advocate of a bi-partisan for-
eign policy, and the attacks of
McCarthy have hardly helped our
relations with other powers.
Therefore, it seems rather in-
appropriate of the Republicans
to have invited Joseph McCarthy
to speak at the Young Republican
convention on ;the weekend of
May 6, in Chicago. Surely they
could have done better than that.
-Frances Wagman
~~ALA

I

A

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