THE MICHIGAN DAILY'
SATURDAY, MAY 13, 1195O
_______________________ U I
C ONTROVERSY OVER the United States
navy plane lost over the Baltic on April
8, although it has been featured in the front
pages for over a month, still has not been
forgotten. And recent developments indicate
that ,there is perhaps much more to the
whole incident than either the Russians or
the Americans have let on.
Indeed, it is now quite plausible that
this dispute - which at first appeared to
be nothing more than an exchange of
hot indignation over trespassing between
the two countries - might have far-
reaching ramifications. Certain reliable
sources have come up with very pointed
suggestions that the United States was
perhaps not nearly so much the innocent
party in the affair as it has professed.
For instance, it is now known that this
plane very likely had on board high-power-
ed radar and electronics equipment; that
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: PAUL BRENTLINGER
the Russians probably inferred that it was
on a radar mission, because of information
the navy mistakenly made public; and that
the Russians were undoubtedly awaiting the
navy plane, which was headed toward Li-
bau, a suspected Russian naval base.
That the navy plane was shot down by
the Russians was authenticated by the
British, who claim to have witnessed the
entire encounter through a radar screen.
This evidence makes it clear that the
United States plane was shot down by the
Russians, as the State Department charged,
but it does little to vindicate the contention
that the plane was not on a spying mission.
But this revelation is not the only one
that has come into the open recently:
1. Scandinavian fishing vessels have been
disappearing in such a large number that to
write them off as being "lost" would be
2. The Swedish government declares that
it is in no doubt as to what happened to
three of her ships, and that it will soon
send a stiff note of protestation to Russia,
claiming the detention of two ships and the
"harassment of another."
3. Denmark, which has four ships miss-
ing, intends to send a similar note, claiming
that these vessels were seized in internation-
al waters, and are still being held.
Aside from the strong possibility that the
American navy plane actually was on a spy-
ing mission, the disappearance of the ships
cited in the three cases above provides ser-
ious cause for concern as to just what is
going on in this Baltic area.
And indignant notes to the Russians
asking for explanations will do little to
ameliorate this situation, for the only
response the Russians make to these is
to shrug them off.
If theRussians are conducting military
maneuvers, or using this area as a secret
testing ground, then quite naturally they
do not want any observers. However, as
these developments indicate, it is time for
a thorough investigation of the matter. For
it is just this sort of undercover military
activity that could very well explode into
a problem of alarming concern.
ONCE AGAIN the country is in the throes
of a major strike. Locomotive firemen
on four key railroad systems, carrying more
than a third of the nation's rail passengers
and a fifth of its rail freight, have walked
out in defiance of two Presidential fact
The Brotherhood of Locomotive Fire-
men and Enginemen demanded an extra
fireman on multiple Diesel locomotives
and on small switch Diesels now operated
by a single engineer. No compromise is
possible, they said.
This despite the fact that the two fact
finding boards ruled against the second
fireman on big Diesels, because they are
not necessary for safety.
In refusing to compromise, the locomotive
firemen have shown that they are not
really concerned with safety, but are ac-
tually striking to increase their power and
put more of their men into jobs where they
are not needed.
Not only are the firemen guilty of hypo-
crisy, but of selfishness as well. For the
train strike's effects have already been felt
in the postal service, and unemployment is
soaring in coal mines and factories.
The trouble and expense of forming ex-
perienced and presumably impartial fact
finding boards, bearing the prestige of the
Presidency, is wasted if the board's find-
ings are flaunted-especially when, as ii
this case, there are two boards involved and
both agree on their findings.
In the past year, a series of major strikes
has spread waste, and disorder throughout
the country, with unfortunate consequences
for workers, management and the general
The Chrysler strike cost workers more
that $86,000,000 before it dragged to an
infamous close last week. The nationwide
coal strike last winter brought the coun-
try to the brink of paralysis and seriously
damaged the national economy.
Until public opinion against these econo-
mic outrages makes itself° felt, and until
more stringent labor control laws are passed
by Congress, the unions' organized selfish-
ness will continue to wreak periodic havoc
throughout the nation.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULEI
EVENTS OF INTEREST around campus.
PAINTING TOWARDS ARCHITECTURE.
Gallery talk by Prof. Jean Paul Slusser, of
the architecture and design college, on the
current exhibit in Alumni Memorial Hall.
This is one of the most interesting exhibits
to be shown this year. It contains works by
Picasso, Hans and Jean Arp, le Corbusier,
Kandinsky, van Doesburg, Mondrian, and
most other contemporary greats of ab-
stract art, including a splendid mobile by
Alexander Calder, inventor of this form. At
3:30 p.m. tomorrow, the last day of the
IOLANTHE, by the incomparable Gilbert
and Sullivan, is being presented at 8:30 p.m.
today and 3:30 p.m. tomorrow. See review
on this page.
ettei' TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
THOMAS L. STOKES :
THE COLLEGIUM MUSICUM, directed
by Prof. Louise Cuyler of the music school,
will perform some of the finest compositions
of the pre-Bach era at 3:30 p.m. tomorrow
in the Hussey Room of the League. Program
includes Gregorian chants, sacred music of
the 15th and 16th centuries, Burgundihn
and Flemish music of the 15th century, and
other attractive offerings.
ART CHORALE, an organization of en-
thusiastic and well-trained amateurs, will
give its annual spring concert, MaynancL
'lein conducting, atr8:30 p.m. tomorrow in
MEN'S GLEE CLUB presentst its 92nd
annual spring concert at 8:30 p.m. today
in Hill Auditorium. Special Mother's Day
WASHINGTON. - When the Vishinskys
break out in vituperative blasts in the
United Nations and our representatives and
those of other nations join debate and talk
back, or when the Russians stage a huffy
"walk-out," you read about it and hear
about it, for it is front page news.
But you have perhaps heard only vague-
ly, if at all, of other really much more
important and enduring events - as to
how, for example, 20,000,000 children in
Europe have been tested for tuberculosis
and 8,000,000 vaccinated in carrying out
a United Nations program that eventually
will reach 50,000,000 children in Europe,
Asia and Latin America; how 3,000,000
have received a pair of shoes and clothing;
how 8,000,000 are getting needed milk
and cod liver oil every day; how doctors
and social workers have been trained to
help in saving the millions of under-
nourished and haggard children, dere-
licts of the war in devastated lands.
This is news, too, real news, but routine,
of course, going on day after day under di-
rection of one of the specialized agencies
THE LONG VOYAGE HOME. Eugene
O'Neill's story of the men on a British mer-
chant ship in wartime is presented with ex-
pressive acting and good, gloomy O'NeI!
drama of the sea. At 7:30 and 9:30 p.m.
today in Architecture Auditorium.
PERFECT STRANGERS. Concerning a
Jury in action, this film is better than it
have been. The story centers around a love
affair between jurors Ginger Rogers and
Dennis Morgan. Today, at the Michigan.
FREE FOR ALL. The plot involves a
young, idealistic chemist who has invented
pills which turn water into fuel, and who
runs afoul of evil machinations plotted by
powerful interests. But the whole thing
comes off pretty well. Today at the State.
THE GREAT WALTZ. Advertised as "the
musical with the thrill." Today and to-
morrow at the Orpheum.
BEAU GESTE. Famous thriller involving
the French Foreign Legion, with Gary Coop-
er. Today and tomorrow at the Whitney.
REFORMER AND THE REDHEAD. This
one, according to the ads, attempts to ans-
wer the question, "Does the reformer reform
the redhead or does the redhead reform the
reformer?" With June Allyson and Dick
Powell. Tomorrow at the Michigan.
THE OUTLAW. "Too startling to des-
cribe," they say in the advertisement. With
Jane Russell. Tomorrow at the State.
Di RA MA
BASEBALL. Purdue vs. Michigan, 2 p.m.
today at Ferry Field. Ed Grenkoski, star
Wolverine hurler, is slated to take the
mound in this important Big-Ten contest
against the seventh-place but ever-danger-
TENNIS. Illinois vs. Michigan, 2 p.m. to-
day at Ferry Field. Michigan will be shoot-
ing for 20 straight in this'Conference match.
GOLF. Ohio State vs. Michigan, 1 p.m.
today at the University Golf Course. Tpb
Wolverines, who seek to extend a string of
victories, face rugged opposition from the
JERSEY is about to be treated to a
spectacle no Jerseyite shoud miss. For
IOLANTHE by W. S. Gilbert and Arthur
Sullivan. Presented by the Gilbert and
Sullivan Society at Pattengill Auditorium.
LAST NIGHT'S sprightly if not entirely
professional performance of "Iolanthe"
proves once again how really good Gilbert
and Sullivan can be if given half a chance.
As a general rule, the works of this
brilliant on-again off-again team are rele-
gated to the netherlands of high school
music festivals and amateurish theatrical
companies while such affairs as "Show-
boat" and "Naughty Marietta" monopolize
the professional boards.
Hence, the average theatre-goer is likely
to form a rather poor impression of Gilbert
and Sullivan after sitting through a very
few of these productions.
In Ann Arbor, we are fortunate in having
a group which at least makes a good try at
doing justice to the lilting airs and tongue-
tangling lines of a Gilbert and Sullivan
The Society's staging of Gilbert's at-
tempt to reform the House of Lords via an
excursion to Fairyland was unevenly paced
and a trifle inaudible at times but de-
serves a general round of applause for all
Hampered by a limited stage area, the
large chorus didn't have quite the zing which
one usually expects of Gilbert and Sullivan's
Lords and Ladies. And the orchestra, though
generally satisfactory, was mainly respon-
sible for a rather slow opening.
Individual performances from James
Ueberhorst, Gloria Gonan, Reid Shelton,
of the UN, and going on, too, in countries
behind the Iron Curtain in the Soviet orbit
-Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, Rumania,
Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia-among many
others. This humanitarian enterprise un-
doubtedly would be stopped if Russia were
banned from the UN and that organization
broken up, as some are proposing.
Also the work of this agency-UNICEF,
United Nations International Children's
EmergencyuFund-creates good-will behind
the Iron Curtain to counteract the rantings
of Mr. Vishinsky and his colleagues about
the "capitalist, imperialist, war-mongering"
nations, etc. For those people know that otj
country is providing a large part of this
* * *
l NICEF, which was esttablished by the UN
General Assembly December 11, 1946, is
supported by contributions from 36 govern-
ments and from voluntary fund-raising ef-
forts in some 46 countries and territories.
The real meaning of its work is well des-
cribed by Maurice Pate, its executive direc-
tor, who says: .
"It has drawn together, with a common
purpose, nations and peoples throughout
the world. A sense of accomplishment must*
now be theirs as they reflect upon the fact
that through their united effort help has
been brought to millions of the world's
sick and hungry children. And, having
this experience behind, them, it is likely
they will now look ahead to what needs
to be done, and what might be done,
through the United Nations to give more
and more of the world's children their
School lunches are part of the program
and some very touching letters of thanks
have come to UNICEF from school children
in Czechoslovakia, all emphasizing that they
will strive for cooperation with other na-
tions to attain lasting peace.
* * *
UNICEF is an issue before Congress right
now. Congress two years ago authorized
$100,000,000 for our contribution on a match-
ing basis of $2.57 for every dollar contributed
by other nations. Already it has appropriated
$75,000,000 of that amount. A bi-partisan
group, headed by Senator Robert A. Taft
(R., O.) got an amendment in the ECA bill
last week appropriating the remaining $25,-
000,000 which will free matching funds
from other nations, and extending from tlry
June 1 to June 1,1951, our participation in
The State Department continually has
opposed the UNICEF appropriation favor-
ing instead a project much more restrict-
ed, with activities limited largely to tech-
nical assistance instead of direct aid, and
with a much reduced expenditure-$3,000,-
000 to $5,000,000 annually-to be raised
by assessments on every UN member. The
Senate again rejected the State Depart-
ment idea in approving the amendment;
but final enactment depends on what hap-
pens in conferences on the ECA bill in
House and Senate.
Coeds . .
To the Editor:
WE READ THE letter by Misses
Sally Johnson, Janet Moore,
and Carole Phillips with a great
deal of forboding and alarm. We
wonder if their attitude is indica-
tive of the feelings of a represen-
tative element of the feminine
population of this campus? If so,
we feel it our unshirkable duty to
contribute to the utmost of our
respective and collective abilities
to removing the causes of their
unfavorable impressions. Toward
the accomplishment of this end
we pledge ourselves to the follow-
ing acts (apparent requisite be-
havior for male members of this
We will "exert ourselves," "swal-
low our pride," guarantee that no
"girl with personality, looks and
money" shall "sit home and study
on weekends," not "bore our dates
with tales of the numbers of wom-
en we have seduced, or the fabu-
lous places we have been," "help
girls on with their coats," carry
"a copy of Emily Post" at all
times, "open doors and walk on
the outside," and dress in the
best approved manner.
We are also fully aware of the
fact that none of the above named
writers of the letter with which
this answer is concerned are list-
ed in the Student Directory, but
resting on the hope that springs
eternal, feel certain that this was
due either to an oversight on the
part of the University, or to the
fact that these girls are first-half
freshmen. It did not occur to us
that the girls would not use their
Feeling secure in the power of
the press to communicate this
pledge to the women concerned
we remain, dedicated,
Pledges and Actives of the
Delta Chi Fraternity.
IN The Daily for today appears an
article about Esperanto by Don-
na Hendleman which is misleading
and in some respects inaccurate.
The author seeks to bury Esper-
anto somewhat prematurely for
both in Europe and America this
movement is probably as strong
as it ever has been. I doubt wheth-
er Esperanto organizations ever
had two million active members;
today the Esperanto Association of
North America has about 1000
members and The Universal Es-
peranto Association (exclusive of
national organization and on this
side of the iron curtain) has about
17,000 members (report of Sec. of
EANA, Aug. 1949, and "Esperanto,"
Jan. 1949). I would estimate that
there are nearly a million Esperan-
tists in the world today, mostly in
the central European countries.
The EANA has about 380 books
available (in print) and new ones
are being published every month.
Esperanto congresses have been
held every year since the war both
in this country and abroad, the
1949 congress was in Bournmouth,
England, the 1948 congress at Mal-
mo, Sweden, etc.
Perhaps the only real criterion
for the vitality of a language is
personal use, and this I can em-
phatically verify. In the three
years since I wrote my term paper
for English II about Esperanto, I
have carried on lengthy correspon-
dance in Esperanto with pen pals
in Bulgaria, Germany, and Czecho-
slovakia, none of whom spoke any
English. The subject matter of
these letters has often been tech-
nical and yet I have not missed
understanding one word.
-John T. Van Der Weele
To the Editor:
Moore, and Phillips are suf-
fering from a misapprehension of
cause and effect. It isn't pride
that prevents the campus Milque-
toast from calling a campus love-
ly seven days out of the week.
It's simply common sense.
That a coed, and admittedly
there are many, who has looks,
personality, and money, would en-
joy receiving an invitation from
an impoverished student, who has
neither looks, personality, or
money, is unthinkable. Such a re-
quest would reflect unfavorably
on the co-ed's charm. For if the
poor middlewestern Don Quixote
were serious enough to ask for a
date, it would be an indication
that the co-ed queen was suffi-
ciently his equal, at least, to give
him a polite turn down. Rather
than insult, our hero curbs his
natural impulses, and admires
the flock of gorgeous women at a
Far from being jealous of the
bright and beautiful Michigan co-
eds, or of speaking of them depre-
catingly, I for one am very happy
that they are on campus and
making valuable suggestions con-
cerning the utilization of time.
-Oscar Smith, '54
* * *
To the Editor:
" HOPE most of your readers
maintain a properly skeptical
attitude while they read your col-
umns, else your Don'ha Hendleman
may have done the cause of world
unity a great disservice. In the
May 6 Daily she declared Esper-
anto dead. She says, "Around the
turn of the century, however, ac-
tive Esperantists numbered more
than two million." The reader is
left to infer that~this was the peak
of Esperanto popularity, a height
long since lost. But is this true?
The National Education Associa-
tion in its Personal Growth Leaf-
let No. 183 says:
A petition urging the United Na-
tions to consider the interlanguage
problem and to help spread the
use of Esperanto had obtained 12,-
420,295 signatures by January
1949. Signers include Vincent Au-
riol, President of France; Willem
Drees, Prime Minister of the
Netherlands; Joseph Cyrankiewicz,
Prime Minister of Poland; and
many other prominent statesmen;
also legislators, writers, educators,
clergymen, scientists, business ex-
ecutives, and labor leaders.
By January 1950, the number
of signers exceeded 16 million. Es-
peranto looks very much alive.
The same leaflet says further:
Millions of people have studied
Esperanto. Hundreds of thousands
are using it for a great variety of
(Continued from Page 2)
Fellowship (Interdenominational );
10:45 a.m., Church and Sunday
School;.4:30 p.m., Discussion; 5:30
p.m., Pot-luck supper. 3-5 p.m.,
Cooperative Nursery: Art Exhibit
Mon., May 15, 8 p.m., Modern
Dance;.Water-color class; Coop-
erative Nursery, General meeting.
Speaker: Mrs. Belle Farley Mur-
ray, U of M Lecturer in Family
Relations. Topic: Guiding and
Counseling the Child. Visitors wel-
Tues., May 16, 8 p.m., Wives'
Club. Speaker: Dr. Byron O.
Hughes, U of ,M Assoc. Prof. of
Child. Development. Topic: "Here-
dity." New members welcome.
Wed., May 17, 8 p.m., Great
Books Group - Hamlet; Wives'
Club Farewell Party Committee;
Thurs., May 18, 8 p.m., Choir;
Fri., May 19, 8 p.m., Wives' Club
Fibber McGee Sale
Lecture on Mathematical Sta-
tistics: At the second meeting of
the rotating Seminar in Mathe-
matical Statistics, Prof. Abraham
Wald, Columbia University, will
speak on the Theory of Statistical
Decision Functions at 2 p.m., Sat.,
3011 Angell Hall; auspices of the
Mathematics Department. Inter-
ested persons ipvited.
Mathematics Orientation Sem-
inar: 3 p.m., Mon., May 15, 3001
A.1H. Mr. Getoor will talk on
"Philomatic Study of Rain."
Doctoral Examination for Ro-
bert Mitchell Biggs, Economics;
thesis: "The Classical Theory of
Capital; its Origins, Development
and Modifications." 1:30 p.m.,
Sat., May 13, 105 Economics Bldg.
Chairman, S. Peterson.
Doctoral Examination for Mo-
hamed E-Said E-Gindy, Zoology;
Thesis: "Biology of Schistosoma-
tium douthitti (Cort, 1914) Price
1931, (Trematoda) in its Hosts."
8:15 p.m. Mon., May 15, 1562 East
Medical Bldg. Chairman, G. R.
Doctoral Examination for John
William Atkinson, Psychology;
thesis: "Studies in Projective Mea-
surement of Achievement Motiva-
tion." 9 a.m., Mon., May 15, East
Couicil Room, Rackham Bldg.
Chairman, D. G. Marquis.
Docstoral Examination for
Dwight Maxwell Teague, Biological
Chemistry; thesis: "The Aromatic
Amino Acids of Native and Deam-
tic Study." 1:30 p.m., Mon., May
15, 313 W. Medical Bldg. Chair-
man. H. B. Lewis.
Doctoral Examination for Lynn
Ulfred Albers, Mathematics: the-
sis: "An Application of the Leray-
Schauder Method to Quasi-Linear
Partial Differential Equations of
Parabolic Type." . 4 p.m., Mon.,
May 15, East Council Room, Rack-
ham Bldg. Chairman, E. H. Rothe.
Intermediate Tests for College
Students. Persons taking the In-
termediate Tests for College Stu-
dents are to report to 271 School
of Business Administration at 8:45
Medical College Admission Test.
Candidates taking the Medical
College Admissions Test, May 13,
are requested to report to 130
School of Business Administration
at 8:45 a.m., today for the morning
session. The afternoon session will
begin at 1:45 p.m. Candidates must
be present at both sessions.
Directed Teaching Qualifying
Examination: All students expec-
ting to do directed teaching at
purposes as a world auxiliary lan-
guage or interlanguage. Its prac-
tical use is expanding in every
field of endeavor.
Take an afternoon and learn to
read Esperanto. See why so many
want it adopted and spread by
the United Nations. Inteligenta
persono lernas la interlingvon Es-
peranto rapide kaj facile. (An in-
telligent person learns the inter-
language Esperanto rapidly and
easily.) Learn with your room-
mate; it's easy, it's fun, and more
hep than bebop if the compari-
son needs to be made. For more
information and a'list of available
books, send a postcard to The Es-
peranto Association of North
American, Inc., 114 West 16th St..,
New York 11, N.Y.
-David C. Firestone
the secondary school level next
fall are' required to pass a qual-
ifying examination in the subject
in which they expect to teach.
This examination for all fields
will be held on Tues., May 16, 7
p.m. Students will meet in the
auditorium of the University High
School. The examination will con-
suine about three hd'urs time;
promptness is therefore essential.
A.S.C.E. North Central Confer-
ence of Student Chapters: Busi-
ness meeting at 9 a.m. and Panel
Discussion on "Fair Labor Stan-
dards Act and the Engineering
Profession" at 10:30, both at Pub-
lic Health Auditorium. Luncheon
at 12:30, Union, .with Mr. Van-
Atta, American Concrete Insti-
tute, speaker. Everyone invited to
Student Council of the Music
School will meet at 1:15 p.m., 406
Burton Tower. All school of music
Inter-Arts Union: Meeting, 1
p.m., 500 BMT.
IZFA. Picnic. Panel discussion,
sports, and wiener roast. Meet at
WAB at 2 p.m. Everyone welcome.
U. of M. Hostel Club. Square
dance at Jones School every Sat-
urday night from 8:15-11 p.m.
Naval Research Reserve: Mon.,
May 15, 7:30 p.m., 18 Angell Hall.
Speaker: Dr. James Wilson. "Seis-
mology and the Interior of the
Earth." Membership in, the Naval
Research Reserve is open to all
naval reserve officers engaged in
advanced work in the sciences
and engineering. Intersted facul-
ty and graduate students invited
to attend and to discuss member-
ship application with the Execu-
Young Progressives of America:
Meeting, Mon., 7:30 p.m., Union.
Discussion on the relationship of
Jim Crow to world peace. Several
state YPA officers will be present.
U. of M. Hot Record Society:
A record-lecture program on the
"Musical Highlights of Louis Arm-
strong." Sun., 8 p.m., ABC room,
League. Everyone invited.
fZ.F.A., State Day Celebration.
Program: Presentations, speakers,
singing. Sun., 7:45 p.m., Hillel
House. Everyone welcome.
Michigan Gothic Film Society.
Final meeting of the season, Mon.,
8 p.m., Rackham Amphitheater.
Grand Illusion (French). All mem-
bers who plan to rejoin the So-
ciety next fall please be present.
Members who wish to bring guests
should contact either president
Hampton or treasurer Whan, ext.
4 u I
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the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Leon Jaroff.........Managing Editor
Al Blumrosen.............City Editor
Philip Dawson....... Editorial Director
Don McNeil............Feature Editor
Mary Stein..........Associate Editor
Jo Misner.............Associate Editor
George Walker.........Associate Editor
Wally Barth.......Photography Editor
Pres Holmes..........Sports Go-Editor
Merle Levin.........Sports Co-Editor
Roger Goel. .. ..Associate Sports Editor
Lee Kaltenbach ....... Women's Editor
Barbara Smith.. Associate women's Ed.
Roger wellington.....Business Manager
Dee Nelson, Associate Business Manager
Jim Dangi........Advertising Manager
Bernie Aidinoff....... Finance Manager
Bob Daniels.......Circulation Manager
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Subscription during regular school
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We'll start taking our census
in the woods back of your house,
You can be a big help to your Fairy
Godfather. While I'm conducting the
I o tnfhe i okia