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May 13, 1950 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1950-05-13

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BALTIC QUESTION
Bee Page 4

Y

Latest Deadline in the State

*ati4

CLOUDY, COOLER

VOL. LX, No. 153 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, MAY 13, 1950

SIX PAGES

Ruthven

Attacks

Proposed

Budget

Cut

- _ __

-- --0

Big Three To
Back United
West Front
Germany To
Be Included
LONDON-(W)-The Big Three
foreign ministers agreed yester=
day on joining Western Germany
economically and politically to th
rest of a united Western Europe
Determinedly, they emphasized
the decision of the United States
Britain and France to continue t(
uphold the Western allied rights
in Berlin, rights protected at great
cost through a year-long airlift
when Soviet Russia blockaded the
battered: former capital.
* * *
THEY ACCUSED Russia of "a
grave disregard of human rights'
In failing to return the rest of her
German and Japanese prisoners
of war. Russia has announcec
completion of the repatriatior
program in each case. The minis-
ters pledged to do what they
could to obtain information or
prisoners still held in the Soviel
Union and to bring about the re-
turn of the largest number pos-
sible.
French Foreign Minister Ro-
bert Schuman laid his dramatic
plan for uniting French, Ger-
man and possibly other Euro-
pean coat and steel industries
before U.S. Secretary of State
Dean Acheson and British For-
eign Secretary Ernest Bevin.
His 45-minute explanation add-
ed few details to what he disclos-
ed Tuesday in notes to Achesori
and Bevin. They announced ap-
proval of the intentions of his
plan, but withheld final judgment
pending detailed surveys of how
it would work.
THE THREE ministers talked
seven hours, almost wholly about
Germany. It is understood they
agreed )that no situations in Eur-
ope aro very urgent and they were
more concerned with long range
policy planning.
Particularly they were said to
be looking ahead to 1952, when
Marshall aid dollars are due to
cease flowing to Europe.
They appeared to be satisfied
with their present German policy.
It is understood the agreement on
incorporation of West Germany
into the Western European setup
was a projection of present pol-
icy into the future.
It appeared probable that any
decisions about loosening occupa-
tion controls over Western Ger-
many-known to have been up for
discussion-will be given to the
three Western high commissioners
to put into effect. Adjustments in
Allied policy previously have been
made without advance public fan-
fare.
Bowlers Lift
Ban on Negro
Membership
By The Associated Press
COLUMBUS, 0.-Memberships
in the American Bowling Congress,
limited to white males for the last
34 years, were thrown wide open
yesterday.
Convention delegates, following
recommendations of the ABC

"Brass" and harassed by court de-
cisions and other pressure, need-
ed only 27 minutes to erase the
controversial restriction from the
books.
ONLY A FEW dissenting voices
were heard as the 518 delegates
to the 47th annual meeting gave
the motion to oust the rule a
:ousing majority
The vote came after Michael
3. Dunn of Milwaukee, ABC le-
gal counsel, told the delagates
they must remove the member-
ship restriction or risk losing
the entire supervisory structure
of the governing tenpin body.
Dunn hinted that the conven-
tion's action would put a halt to

Railroad Strike
Still Deadlocked
CHICAGO-(P)-Chairman Francis O'Neill Jr., of the National
(railway) Mediation Board, said last night the locomotive firemen's
strike "is just as deadlocked now as at the start."
O'Neill made the comment at the end of a meeting between the
board and representatives of the struck rail lines.
EARLIER IN THE DAY, hopes for an early break in the strike
against four key lines arose when the union was reported to have made
a new peace offer.
O'Neill said the striking firemen's union had not made a
new offer.
A high railroad official who declined to permit use of his name
had told of the reported union offer. Ile said the proposal could be
-- f the "break" that might end the

Sen. Chavez
.Deno untes
Former Red
WASHINGTON -OP-) - Sen.
Chavez (D-NM? ,a Roman Catho-
'lig, yesterday denounced Louis
Budenz, accuser of Owen Latti-
more as a lying publicity 'seeker
who "advertised his conversion to
Catholicism" and who 'has been
using the cross as a club."
This was immediately challeng-
ed by Senator McCarthy (R-Wis)
who defended Budenz as cour-
ageous, truthful, accurate - the
victim of"an "outrageous attempt
to smear."
' * *
CHAVEZ ALSO assailed in a
Senate speech what he termed the
"wild, irresponsible charges" of
McCarthy, who presented Budenz
as a star witness in the Senate's
investigation of the State Depart-
ment.
Budenz is a former managing
editor of the Communist Daily
Worker who re-entered the
Catholic Church five years ago
and announced renunciation of
the Communist Party.
McCarthy, who was not pre-
sent as Chavez spoke, said in a
statement that the New Mexico
Senator "was apparently used
and duped."
Anti-Trust Suit
Hits Oil Groups
LOS ANGELES-(IP)-The gov-
ernment moved yesterday to force
lower gasoline prices with an anti-
trust suit which also wants to
spike California's long-time vol-
untary oil conservation program.
* * *
THE GOVERNMENT s e e k s
these major points:
Dissolution of the industry's
Calif ornia Conservation Coin-
mittee and an injunction pre-
venting any voluntary conserva-
tion practices not authorized
-by state law.
Divorcement of wholesale pe-
troleum outlets and retail service
stations, except at refineries and
marine terminals.
* * *
OUTLAWING PRICE stabiliza-
tion by one company posting a
price list as an alleged guide to
other companies.
Outlawing exclusivencontracts
between a company and an in-
dependent service station, which
also include accessories sponsored
by the contracting company.

three-day strike.
O'NEILL SAID most of this
afternoon's talk concerned the
conditions of traffic on the rail-
roads. He said it was "bad," es-
pecially in Pennsylvania.
He added that his board would
continue to stay in Chicago and
that a return to Washington "is
not under consideration."
The reported union peace pro-
posal prompted sources close to
the strike to say earlier that "if
there's a break ending the strike
it'll come awfully fast."
* * *
UNION OFFICIALS in Chicago
declined to comment, but in At-
lanta, Ga., L. B. Johnson, of Farm-
ville, N.C., the union's general
chairman for the Southern Rail-
way, said he was "very hopeful"
of an early end of the walkout.
At the same time, however, the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Fire-
men and Enginemen announced it
was extending the strike against
the Southern Railway system.
Meanwhile thousands more rail
workers and coal miners were laid
off as the walkout tightened the
brake on the nation's industrial
production.
U.S. Officials
May Demand
Czech Ouster
WASHINGTON - W) - A note
demanding a mass ouster of
Czechoslovokak diplomats from
the United States has been draft-
ed at the State Department.
The demand, amounting to an
order, is expected to be given the
Communist Czech government in
the immediate future in retalia-
tion for the ejection from Czecho-
slovakia of two-thirds of the Am-
erican diplomats there.
'* * *
IF THE UNITED STATES acts
on the same two-thirds scale, it
will mean that about 20 of the
more than 30 Czech diplomatic
employes in this country will have
to get one-way tickets home.
State Department officials
said there were about 67 U.S.
diplomatic employes in the em-
bassy at Prague and the con-
sulate at Bratislava, of whom
two-thirds would total about 40
persons.
Officials said the contemplated
slash here-which is subject only
to a final approval by top State
Department officials-would re-
sult, not only in a reduction of the
five-man staff at the embassy in
Washington but also in the clos-
ing of one or more of three Czech
consulates, operating in New York,
Pittsburgh and Cleveland.

40,000 Flee
From Floods
In Winnipeg
Air Force Brings
Supplies to Area
WINNIPEG, Man.- (A') -More
than 40,000 persons have fled this
flood-swept prairie city, relief
workers estimated last night.
Winnipeg has a normal popula-
tion of 350,000.
The quiet, voluntary exodus
continued to gain momentum as
brigadier R.E.A. Morton, flood re-
lief commander, said that the
need for women, children and the
aged to leave was "even greater
than Wednesday."
** *
MORTON URGED a "thinning
out of the city" where another es-
timated 40,000 persons have taken
refuge from inundated farm lands
in the Red River Valley.
The Canadian Pacific and
Canadian National Railways
have hauled more than 25,000
away from the danger zone in
special and regular trains; bus-
es and planes took other thous-
ands; the roads leading to open
country were jammed with pri-
vate cars filled with flood-
refugees and loaded with their
household goods.
The Royal Canadian Air Force
started a big airlift to bring in
sandbagging sacks and tons of
other supplies needed to build new
levees, bolster old ones and keep
the waters from spreading.
* * *
ALDERMAN C. E. Simonite told
the city's emergency flood com-
mittee that the cost of the flood,
which was said to cover more than
an eighth of greater Winnipeg,
might "run into the millions."
The Red River rose again
yesterday, reaching a new high
for the century of 29.9 feet, but
its rate of rise was slowed.
Even though the river was ris-
ing so slowly, authorities warned
that the dikes might give way at
any time tossing thousands of
tons of water over broad residen-
tial areas.
Morton's headquarters s a i d
there was no truth in a report yes-
terday morning that the crest of
the flood had passed. A statement
fast night said four engineers
could find no such evidence.
World News
.Roundup
By The Associated Press

-Daily-Alan Reid
NEW ENGINEERING COUNCIL MEMBERS-The five new mem-
bers pose after their election last night. Left to right, those seated
are James Burnes, '52E, vice-president; and Gordon Saxon, '51E,
president. Standing are Ray Ludendorf, '51E, member at large;
William Hickman, '52E, secretary; and Robert Brungraber, '51E,
treasurer.
STARRING TRUMAN:
Dems Crowd Chicago
For Election Campaigrn

CHICAGO - (P) - Democrats
flocked into Chicago last night for
an unprecedented political festi-
val and a gala stadium show star-
ring President Truman.
Two days of - conferences on
election campaign issues and stra-
tegy will keep more than 3,000
Suit Filed To1
Stop Building
Of IVIA Hospital
Ann Arbor residents and the
township government itself filed
suit in federal court in Detroit yes-
terday attempting to prevent the
government from constructing a
500-bed Veterans Administration
Hospital in the township.
The suit was based on a claim}
that the federal government had
violated a township ordinance by'
choosing as a site for the hospital
a tract that had been zoned for
residential purposes.
* * *
PROF. J. SPEED ROGERS of
the zoology department and Prof.
Frank 0. Copley of the latin de-
partment are among the plaintiffs.
Construction on the hospital be-
gan last fall. The $7,152,000 pro-
ject is expected to be completed
early next year.
Bandits Beat, Rob
Brinks Co. Guards
THOMPSONVILLE, Conn.--(OP)
--Four bandits, concealed in the
payroom of a big carpet factory,
ambushed three Brink's guards
yesterday and fled with a $15,000
payroll.
State police said they got a
"pretty good description" of the
holdup men from one of the three
guards, who were beaten, disarm-
ed and then tied with light cord.

high ranking politicians busy to-
day and tomorrow.
THEN, AFTER A ROUND of
luncheons and dinners and hotel
room pow-wows, the three day
session will be climaxed with a
spectacular welcome to President
Truman and a major speech by
him.
Meanwhile, before a trainside
crowd of 6,200 people in Great
Falls, Mont., the barnstorming
President Truman charged yes-
terday that the Russians are tell-
ing "preposterous lies" about the
U.S.
* * *
RUSSIAN LEADERS, Truman
said, are saying on one hand that
the U.S. is weak and on the other
"that we are strong and want to
wage war."
Truman will continue his whirl-
wind mid-western tour and return
to Chicago for his Monday night
speech in the stadium, which will
be broadcast and televised.
To .Decide on
AlumniPlans
The two proposals recommended
by the !FC alumni group to the
Office of Student Affairs will come
before student governing commit-
tees within the next week.
The proposed change in the li-
quor law will be presented at the
meeting of the Student Conduct
Committee on Tuesday. The pro-
posal calls for the substitution of
the state law concerning students
and intoxicating beverages for the
present University regulation.
The other new proposal concern-
ing the 2.4 average for fraterni-
ties is scheduled to go before the
Student Affairs Committee meet-
ing on Thursday. The proposal
would limit the computed group
averages only to men living in fra-
ternity houses. At the present, the
average includes all active mem-

Ape Antics
DETROIT - (A) -- Now that
the Detroit Zoo has opened:for
the spring season, sightseers
have been warned against
throwing stones at the Chacma
Baboons.
The reason: the Baboons may
throw them back, and their aim
is exceptionally good.
Lucas May
Stop Debate
OverfEPC
WASHINGTON -(A m- eate
Majority Leader Lucas (Ill.) serv-
ed notice on Southern Democrats
yesterday that he may take steps
Wednesday to cut off debate on
his motion to bring a Fair Em-
ployment Practices Commission
(FEPC) bill before themSenate.
Lucas told the Senate this would
be done if the Dixie Senators op-
posed to the' controversial civil
rights measure would not agree to
let the Senate debate on its merits.
THERE IS NO likelihood that
the Southerners will consent to
such an arrangement.
The bill would set up a com-
mission to see that there is no
discrimination in hiring, firing
or promoting workers because of
their race, color, religion, or na-
tional origin.
Lucas is prepared to make the
first - test of the revised "closure"
rule under which debate may be
closed off if 64 of the 96 Senators
agree.
* * *
THE MAJORITY leader said
that a closure petition probably
will be filed Wednesday. Under the
rule, 48 hours must elapse before
the Senate can vote on the peti-
tion.
Lucas said he was announcing
his intention today so the Senate
would have a week's notice of
the expected vote.
He said that if cloture is voted,
he would permit lengthy debate on
the FEPC bill itself. He had no
desire, he said, to choke off any
legitimate debate on the merits of
the measure.
CED Chooses
New Officers
Ed Lewinson, '51, one of the
three founders of the Committee
to End Discrimination, was unani-
mously elected its chairman yes-
terday.
Other officers chosen were: Al-
lan Silver, '51, vice-president; Jer-
ry Witt, corresponding secretary;
Elin Corben, '51, recording secre-
tary; and Ellen Rose, '52, treasur-
er.
* * *
ART .BUCHBINDER, '51, was
named publicity chairman, and Ed
Lanning, '52, will continue in
charge of CED's petition drive.
The CED also decided yester-
day to ask a three-day exten-
sion on its drive to 'secure sig-
natures for a huge cardboard
petition on the Diagonal. The
petition requests Dr. Wayne L.
Whitaker, chairman of the med-
ical school admissions commit-
tee, to remove discriminatory
questions from medical school
application blanks.
In relating his plans for the
coming year, Lewinson said, "We
want to get more students and or-

ganizations into CED.

Says Critical
Situation Will
FollowSlash
Fight on Senate
Floor Expected
By ROBERT VAUGHN
President Alexander G. Ruthven
yesterday launched a verbal attack.,
on a State Legislature move to
slash next year's University appro-
priation to $11,572,945.
At no time during the past fifty
years has the University exper-
ienced the critical situation which
it will face if the proposed state
appropriation is not substantially,
increased, he said.
THE CUT comes as a part of the
Republican - sponsored economy
drive to reduce Governor G. Men-
nen Williams' proposed state bud-
get for the 1950-51 fiscal year by
$72,600,000.
A Republican-dominated Sen-
ate Finance Committee, in a
budget bill reported out yester-
day, recommended a grant of
$11,572,945 for University oper-
ations and $1,500,000 for capital
outlay.
The proposed University opera-
tions figure represents a consid-
erable slash from the $12,500,000
recommended by Governor Wil-
liams and the $13,870,000 consid-
ered an absolute minimum by the
University.
S* e
A SENATE FLOOR fight loomed
as Senator George N. Higgins,
Ferndale Republican, held out for
an extra $500,000 for the Univer-
sity. Ann Arbor is in Higgins' con-
stituency.
President Ruthven stated that
during the past five years the
University has been called upon
to double its services to the peo-
ple of the State.
"It has accepted this responsi-
bility as its constitutional obliga-
tion, but it has been obliged to
discharge it under emergency 'coni-
ditions which cannot possibly be
justified as a normal basis for
continuing operations."
* * *
THIS PROBLEM is not a mat-
ter of comfort or convenience, but
one of absolute necessity, he said.
President Ruthven called at-
tention to the fact that the Uni-
versity will be forced to operate
under serious handicaps at the
same time that the State is en- -
joying the highest level of eco-
nomic prosperity in its, history.
"This is a false economy which
the people of the State cannot af-
ford."
** * *
THE $1,500,000 proposed for
University capital outlay repre-
sents a $4,500,000 cut in the $6,-
050,000 considered necessary by
the University.
This request included funds
for construction of th out-pa-
tient clinic at University Hos-
pital, which would cost an esti-
mated $2,80,00. The remaining
$1,300,000 would have to be ap-
propriated next year by the
Legislature.
The committee's capital outlay
proposal completely overlooks Uni-
versity requests for a General Li-
brary addition and the renovation
of the Natural Science, Architec-
ture and West Engineering Build-
ings.

IF GRANTED, the $11,572,945
figure for University . operations
would represent an increase of lit-
tle more than $100,000 over the
$11,436,315 granted last year.
Approximately $600,000 of any
increase would however, merely
offset University losses in income
from veterans' tuition paid by the
Federal Government.
Indicating that the University
appropriations would be a key is-
sue, Republican leaders are deter-
mined to minimize the state's an-
ticipated deficit for the next fiscal
year.
Evidence Supports
Suicide Verdict
Additional developments in the

TALKS AND TOURS:
Aspiring Journalists
Have Run of University

WASHINGTON - Postmaster'
General Jesse M. Donaldson in-
dicated yesterday he intends to
stick by the cutbacks he ordered
last month in the postal service.
In a statement, he said he does
not believe they are of great in-
convenience to the public and
thinks a large percentage of com-
plaints were "inspired" by the
Letter Carriers Union.
NEW YORK -- A nationwide
strike against Pan American
Airways by Flight Service Per-
sonnel was called last night by
the CIO Transport Workers Un-
ion.
The strike of stewards, stew-
ardesses, and pursers was called
effective at midnight (local
time throughout the country),
a union spokesman said.
* * *
WASHINGTON - A big rocket
whooshed up from an experimen-
tal U.S. warship last night and
rose 106.4 miles into the air.
That's as far as from Denver,
Colo., to Cheyenne, Wyo., or from
Washington, to Richmond, Va.
Although the altitude was less
than half the distance that man
has punched upward from his
earth, it set a new record for an
American-built, single-stage rock-
et.
* ~* *
FRANKFURT - West Ger
many's No. 2 Communist, Kurt
Mueller, has disappeared myster-
iously after being expelled from

bers and pledges.

SINCE ROARING TWENTIES:
Union Constitution Has Hectic History
------

Almost 1,000 high-school edi-
tors and advisers romped through
a nine-hour visit to the University
yesterday.
The 23rd annual conference of
t h e Michigan Interscholastic
Press Association, sponsored by
the journalism department, drew
publications heads from all over
the state.
* * *
THE EDITORS, and their ad-
visers took part in group discus-

THOUGH THE boys and girls
were well-behaved, chaos reigned
when the huge crowd jammed the
Union ballroom for lunch. The
terrace room and three extra
rooms had to be thrown open to
accommodate the hungry high-
schoolers.
Then the Union's sturdy wills
shook as each of the 50 schools
bellowed forth its favorite cheer.

By BOB KEITH
This year's squabble over the
Michigan Union constitution is
nothing new on campus.
During the Union's adolescence
in the roaring Twenties, tinkering
with the constitution was a favor-
ite pastime.
* * *
IN THOSE DAYS, when the Un-
ion had just been built, the con-

of the most drawn-out controver-
sies ever seen on campus finally
culminated in a five-month probe
of every phase of Union activity.
* * *
THIS INVESTIGATION didn't
uncover any real mismanagement,
but it did point up the need for a
thorough reorganization, starting
right at the core of the whole set-
up--the Union's oft-attacked con-

the two top officers are appointed
by a "selections committee" of
the Board of Directors. Today a
move is on foot to again change
this system.
The change calls for once
more throwing the two top po-
sitions open to campus-wide
election. But its advocates are
quick to note that the proposed
rsihA of ki ain- isnnncri--_

':a

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