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CLOUDY AND SHOWERS
VOL. LX, No. 146 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, MAY 5, 1950
bey (R-NH) charged yesterday
that officials of the Big Race News
agency, Continental Press Service,
are trying to lead Senate gambling
investigators "down a blind al-
Tobey, exasperated as the in-
quiry tried without success to
trace all channels through which
track information flows to the
nation's bookie joints, urged the
return of Continental officials for
4 s * *
"PUT THE pressure on them to
give us the lowdown on this thing,"
the New Hampshire legislator pro-
But the investigation shut
down its hearing indefinitely
yesterday on schedule. It has
been studying legislation to halt
the flow of gambling informa-
tion across state lines. Soon a
special Senate committee will
launch an overall inquiry into
organized gambling and crime
rackets in general:
G Chairman McFarland (D-Ariz)
agreed with Tobey that "we must
# complete this chain" of Race News
movement. He said the investiga-
tors are still at work on informa-
tion which will go into the record
CONTINENTAL has listed 24
news agencies receiving its ser-
vice, adding that if others use it
the information was being "boot-
legged" without Continental's
The Western Union Telegraph'
Company has told the inquiry
that its lists of circuits leased
for Racing News shows 17
names not on Continental's list.
Senators are trying to find out
where the 17 get their news.
Tobey's criticism came after the
committee got a partial picture
of how a smaller ($40,000 a year)
race news service operates.
Two Kansas City witnesses,
Tano Lococo and Eddie (Spitz)
Osadchey, told about their stan-
dard news service in which they
had as a partner the late mobster
and ex-convict, Charles Gargotta.
"If we look at the record of the
two systems the supremacy of
capitalism over communism is all
too evident," declared Prof. J.
Phillip Wernette ir a talk on
Capitalism vs. Communism last
Speaking in the West Quad
lounge, Prof. Wernett asserted
that while Russia has been at an
economic standstill the U.S. has
been achieving the highest stan-
dard of living in the world.
"IN OTHER phases of their
system, such as education and
civil liberties, the Russians have
gone steadily downhill while in a
corresponding period of time the
U.S. has shown marked advances
in those fields," Prof. Wernette
"Although the total output in
Russia has increased since the
revolution, output per capita
Prof. Wernette said that the
main cause of this situation is a
deficiency of original thinking
which results from a system lack-
ing in competition, and having a
natural fear of thinking which is
manifested in a police state.
* * *
PROF. Wernette declared that
Clh rs le
Union Election Plan
Attacked By Wise
Undesirable political intrigue would come into the picture if the
senior offices at the Michigan Union were made elective, out-going
Union president Bill Wise, '50 BAd, warned last night in a farewell
Wise was striking at a proposed amendment to the Union Con-
stitution. He predicted that the amendment would "toss out the win-
dow" the idea of training and experience for senior officers and would
turn their selection into, a "popularity contest."
* * * *
THE AMENDMENT Wise referred to would enable Union members
to pick their president and recording secretary in all'-campus elections.
'>Right now these two top officers
are appointed by the selections
committee of the Union Board of
M en55' s J MEUDirectors.
"Election of senior officers
was tried around here before,
Inives i ates but the set-up was changed in
1928 for a number of good rea-
sons," Wise declared. "Let's not
VFgo back and make the same
pointed President Jerry Mehlman,
Men's Judiciary Council is mak- Wise spoke at a Union awards
ing a thoruogh investigation of banquet which was highlighted by
the vote fraud in the recent SL the inauguration of newly-ap-
election and hopes to reach its de- "THE constitution definitely
cision by May 12, according to must be changed," Wise asserted,
Jim Smith, '50, chairman of the "but it must be changed wisely."
ouncilthe casegedfSLrcandi dat He reminded his listeners that
term Dudheycase'ofScandiera mass meeting of Union mem-
Tom Dudley, '53, and the more bers has been called for May 16,
than 100 fraudulent first place when constitutional changes will
votes cast in his favor during elec- be up for approval.
tions. Wise implied that one of the
other pending amendments might
"MEN'S JUDIC has been inter- serve to give students better rep-
viewing many students connected resentation in the choice of offi-
with the elections and particular- cers, but at the same time exclude
ly the poll watchers in whose bal- the desire for election.
l-+ 1 no +,n flen tn*a*-w*r
Union Gets $100
000 striking CIO United Auto
Workers will start streaming back
to work Monday-their 100-day
Settlement came yesterday on a
note of' bitterness like that on
which it began. Each side verbally
slapped the other, after the 8:25
a.m. contract signing.
* * *
A TRICKLE of the 50,000 idled
in Chrysler supplier plants al-
ready had been called back to
their benches in anticipation of
settlement. It immediately jumped
to a full-stream back-to-work
movement with Briggs Manufac-
turing Co., of Detroit and the
Budd Co., of Philadelphia, order-
ing 24,000 and 1,100 respectively,
When they end their string of
Payless paydays, Chrysler work-
ers will be going back with ev-
erything they asked in the way
of $100 monthly pensions (in-
cluding Federal social security
benefits), hacked by a jointly
administered trust fund.
The union got benefits it said
equalled the "10-cents-an-hour
package" it asked when the strike
was called Jan. 25. It failed, how-
ever, to get a union shop and tot-
al benefits of 28 cents an hour
that it demanded when negotia-
tions on a new contract opened
way back on July 6, 1949.
* * *
BITTERNESS marked negotia-
tions from the walkout to settle-
ment and as yesterday's signing
was announced, UAW President
Walter Reuther angrily told a
"Chrysler Corporation has
sunk to a low never before at-
tained in the auto industry ...
as late as yesterday Mr. Weck-
ler (Herman L. Weckler, Chrys-
1r vice-president and general
manager) prostituted the facts."
Weckler repeated Wednesday
his charge that the UAW was
stalling settlement to collect a
maximum strike fund under $1
weekly assessments against work-
ing union members. "
THE 12-WEEK assessment per-
iod ended Wednesday. When all
collections are in they will total
approximately $7,000,000, of which
less than $3,000,000 already has
John McCarthy, Grad, of Water-
town, N. Y., was elected president
of the Business Administration
senior class yesterday.
Other senior officers are: Vice-
President Charles Strickland, '51
BAd; Secretary, Richard T. Wood-
worth, '51 BAd; Treasurer, Vir-
ginia Ross, '51 BAd.
THE WINNER-Rep. George Smathers and his wife display broad
smiles in Jacksonville, Fla., after his surprising defeat of Sen.
Claude Pepper for the Democratic nomination as U.S. Sepator
from Florida. Smathers, 36-year-old former Marine and self-
styled "liberal" now in his second term in the House, defeated
Pepper by a solid margin. The Democratic nomination in Florida
is equivalent to election, as Democrats outnumber Republicans by
better than 15 to 1.
,* * * *
Fair Deal' Not Defeated
OAKLAND - (A) - Seven-
year - old Jimmy Anderson,
playing the role of cattle
rustler, jumped into a refuse
can while the vigilapte pack
Jimmy's pursuers in the
make-believe cowboy epic were
stumped but had the last laugh
when Jimmy's boots jammed in
the trash can. Firemen had to
be summoned to cut the rustler
out of his difficulties.
-Russia announced last night
that repatriation of German war
prisoners has been completed.
The news chilled hundreds of
thousands of Germans. It killed
the last hope of family after fam-
ily that a missing father, hus-
band or son might return from the
war. The news came too late, al-
most midnight, for most Germans
to learn of it immediately. Those
who did were aghast.
"IT IS frightening, terrible,"
said one. Dr. Kurt Schumacher,
West Germany's Socialist leader,
declared: "There are hundreds of
thousands of German prisoners
still in Russia."
The Germans generally had
no idea repatriation was near
The official Soviet news agency
Tass said last night, in a dispatch
broadcast by the Moscow radio,
that the last group of prisoners
totaling 17,583 had been returned.
Two months ago the Russians
said that virtually all German war
prisoners except war criminals
had been freed. German author-
ities asserted, however, that the
Russians still were holding some
400,000. The United States and
France accused the Russians April
25 of lying to hide the fate of hun-
dreds of thousands of German pri-
Group to Fight
A student-faculty group last
night decided to join a Student
Legislature subcommittee in com-
bating the University ban on Com-
munist speakers. .
The group included members of
the ad hoc committee which
brought Communist Herbert J.
Phillips to campus last week, plus
representatives of SL and other
Tentative plans were made to
hold a campus-wide meeting fea-
turing a speech on academic free-
dom, preferably by someone who
holds the respect of the University
faculty as well as of the students.
'The group plans to ask Chancel-
lor Robert Hutchins of the Uni-
versity of'Chicago to be the fea-
tured speaker at the meeting.
lot boxes the faise votes were
found," Smith said.
Although Smith would make
no statement as to the progress
of the investigation thus far,
Dave Belin, '51, chairman of
the SL's Election Committee, of-
fered this theory as a possible
solution to the fraud:
"Dudley's invalidated votes were
so obviously fraudulent that it is
hard to believe that either he or
any of his friends would have
bothered stuffing the ballot boxes
with them," Belin said.
"THEY HAD been marked iden-
tically with apparently the same
pen and ink," he explained, "and
had been folded together and
stuffed into boxes by 0's and
Dudley, who has not been in-
terviewed by Men's Judic as yet,
was unavailable for comment. He
had, however, completely denied
any knowledge of .the vote fraud
at the time of the discovery early
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - A two-year
extension of the military draft
law was approved unanimously by
the House Armed Services Com-
* * *
lar Democrats last night re-
gained control of the party ma-
chinery in Alabama.
Late returns from Tuesday's
bitter primary gave party loyal-
ists a clear majority of 72 places
on the State Democratic Com-
* * *
HOUSTON-Federal Judge T.
M. Kennerly yesterday entered a
final judgment in favor of some
8,500 plaintiffs seeking about
$200,000,000 in Texas City disaster
damages from the Federal govern-
AWARDS WERE presented to
Wise at last night's banquet as
well as to outgoing secretary Bob
Seeber, '50 BAd.
Board of Directors keys were
awarded to Bill Tattersall, Hugh
Cooper, Paul Rider, Dick Foote,
John Linquist, Irwin Goffman,
Jim Smith and Prof. Merwin
Gold keys went to Executive
Council members Jim Root, Jerry
Mehlman, Larry Stein, Bill Race,
Bob Bristor, Bill Bristor, Bob Wal-
don, Ned Stirton, Irv Barill, Bill
Peterson, Hal Sperlich and Jim
Keys were awarded to staffmen
Keith Beers, Don Berns, Jack
Byer, Victor Brooks, Bill Chin,
Don Downie, Sumner Friedman,
Chuck Good, Fred Itner, John
Kathe, Jeoffrey Leigh, Dean Luse,
Bob Miller, Bob Smith, Bill Sharp
and Tom Mills.
A TO Banned
By The Associated Press
The Alpha Tau Omega frater-
nity chapter of Wittenberg Col-
lege - was indefinitely suspended
last night following the death of a
pledge during "hazing."
Dean Niswonger, 20, Dayton, O.,
was killed by a truck and another
pledge, Jerry Wendell, 20, also of
Dayton, was injured after they;
had fallen asleep on a highway.)
The pair had been driven blind-
folded into the country.
Anyone who calls Rep. George
Smathers' defeat of Sen. Claude
Pepper in Tuesday's Florida pri-
mary balloting a trend against
the President's "Fair Deal" pro-
gram is just doing some Wishful
thinking, Prof. Samuel Eldersveld
The political scientist pointed out
that the whole Florida campaign
was too complicated to draw any
* * *
"FLORIDA, or for that matter
Concert at Hill
Choral Union and eight soloists
assisted by the Philadelphia or-
chestra and led by Thor Johnson
will perform in the second May
Festival Concert at 8:30 p.m. to-
day in Hill Auditorium.
Bach's Magnificat will be sung
by the Choral Union with soloists
Norma Heyde, soprano; Harold
Haugh, tenor and Mack Harrell,
Soloists in the Bach "Branden-
burg Concerto No. 5" will be Alex-
ander Hilsberg, violin; William
Kincaid, flute, and James Wolfe,
William Primrose will be heard
in Bartok's Concerto for Viola and
Orchestra. Completing the pro-
gram will be Ravel's "Don Qui-
chotte a Dulcinee" sung by Mack
any Southern state, has never
been a barometer state," he noted.
"It is therefore ridiculous to claim
a pro-Republican movement be-
cause of the results of the vote."
Prof. Eldersveld explained
that the issues in the Florida
campaign were not clear cut..-
Voters' decisions at the polls
were made with consideration be-
ing given to the complexities of
local organizational fights with-
in the Democratic Party, he said.
HE REMARKED that Sen. Pep-
per did not breeze into office in
the 1944 election, and that he faced
stiff press and business opposition
in this one.
"Sen. Pepper's equivocal stand
on some issues did not help him
in what turned out to be a dirty
fight," Prof. Eldersveld said.
Prof. Morgan Thomas, also of
the political science department,
ventured that Sen. Pepper's de-
feat proves that you can't be too
liberal in the South.
* * *
"PEPPER ASSOCIATED too
much with leftist factions in the
Democratic Party, Prof. Thomas
said. "It gave Smathers a good
chance to play on the Commu-
nist and Negro issues."
He said that the New Dealer's
defeat came as no surprise as
Sen. Pepper was not Southern
enough in his attitude to these
And Prof. Thomas expressed
doubt that Ohio's Democratic
Auditor, Joseph Ferguson, stands
much of a chance to defeat Sen.
Taft in the fall elections.
Truman yesterday agreed to give
Senate investigators the complete
State Department loyalty files-
including some FBI data-on the
81 cases cited by Sen. McCarthy.,
in his charges of Communism in
Mr. Truman's reversal of his
earlier refusal to open the files
was announced by Chairman Ty-
dings (D-Md) of a Senate Com-
mittee which has been looking into
* * *
TYDINGS SAID Mr. Truman's
approval does not cover any of
the FBI files, which the President
has adamantly refused to surren-
der, but declared:
"There will be FBI material in.
the State Department files
where there has been a full field
investigation by the FBI."
McCarthy told a reporter he
will "have considerable to say
about this maneuver" in a Chica-
go speech tomorrow before a con-
vention of Young Republicans. He
said his address will be broad-
cast nationally by a radio net-
* * *
TYDINGS' announcement cap-
ped a day which saw McCarthy
make a new charge-that State
Department employes helped a spy
ring feed .S. atomic secrets to
Russia in 1945-and a former Fed-
eral agent gave partial support to
In another development, the
House Un-American Activities
Committee h e a r d testimony
from two witnesses that Wil-
liam W. Remington, much in-
vestigated government official,
was a Communist in the '30s.
Remington denied it.
Tydings disclosed Mr. Truman's
change on the loyalty files ques-
tion at a late afternoon news con-
* * *
IN MARCH, Mr. Truman had
balked at turning over files to the
Tydings committee on the grQund
that it would harm the FBI's op-
erations, wreck the Federal loy-
alty program and "smear" inno-
Tydings said the President has '
now consented to let the commit-
tee examine the State Department
loyalty records after being advised
that those files were scrutinized by
four other Congressional commit-
tees several years ago.
The Maryland Senator said he
showed Mr. Truman that the 81
persons McCarthy has named as
Communists or fellow travelers
"were the identical persons named
in the 81 cases investigated by the
t',Funds Plan ,'
'To Be Decided
A final decision on the Uni-
versity's record $19,915,000 ap-
propriations request appeared near
today as State Legislature leaders
announced tentative plans for a
May 19 adjournment.
Another indication of imminent
floor action on appropriations was
a Republican House caucus called
yesterday for a "progress report"
on budget bills.
PLANS were also afoot to call a
caucus of majority Republicans in
the Senate early next week to
consider final budget bills.
At stake in these deliberations
will be a University request for a
$13,870,000 operating budget and
$6,045,000 for capital improve-
Gov. Williams cut the opera-
tions figure to $12.500.000 in his
LARGE CLASS REQUIRES STADIUM:
British Ambassador To Speak at Commencement
Sir Oliver Franks, British am-
bassador to the United States will
be the speaker at the University's
106th Commencement, June 17.
A tentative list of 4,645 students
-a new record-will file into
Michigan Stadium to hear the
British diplomat and receive their
fourteen of the University's
schools and colleges.
The College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts leads the list of
total prospective graduates with
1,321. The Graduate school has
* * *
some of its typically quixotic
weather, the ceremonies will have
to be held in Yost Field House.
* * *
SOMETIME in June prospec-
tive graduates will receive two
tickets each which can be used
in case the exercises are forced
available in the University dormi-
tories for the immediate families
of dormitory residents and other
graduating seniors who are un-
able to find a place for their par-
ents, according to Francis Shiel,
business manager of the residence
their sheepskins from the Regents
at a local church.
IT IS NOW a $20,000 affair with
innumerable details to worry As-
sistant Vice - President Herbert
Watkins and his commencement