THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, APflI130, A,050
i I ____________________________________
Rent Control Once More
THE ANNUAL OUTCRY has again arisen Furthermore, rent control is
for extension of that creeping paralyzer negative approach to the renta
of housing, rent control. Casual examina- problem. Rental housing co
tion of rent control might reveal that it is a must be encouraged, not ma
boon to the little man, and a road block to choice in competitive race for i
the selfish grabs of profiteering real estate Granted that increases in rent
monopolies. curred in decontroled areas, bi
wrong? The Bureau of Labor
Nothing could be further from the truth. has recently surveyed these d
The tenant in the house which has suf- areas and has disclosed that
fered the results of rent control can only the $30 a month or lower class]
4ook about his own dwelling to see that he the most, an average of 34.6 p
too has suffered from the insidious effects Eugene, Ore., to 55.8 per cent
of this legislation. Long overdue major This group underwent the gr
and minor repairs are direly needed in creases, yet this is still less
many cases, but from pure financial need proportionate increases in cons
many of them have gone undone for many maintenance costs. The avera
yers ill nvcla fn hie hnn ii
de a last
t have oc-
ut is this
er cent in
It must be remembered that controls were
set at a level reflecting economic conditions
much different from those of the present
time. Rents were low before the war, and
even in those days of relatively low eco-
nomic activity, were seldom considered by
trained observers to be exorbitant. Rents
which are kept at relatively prewar levels
are in defiance of the basic economic con-
cepts which have brought our level of ex-
istence head and shoulders above any other
nation on earth.
s~u pays less for ns nousing in relation
to his income than he did in 1940. This
hardly substantiates the wild prophecies
of wholesale profiteering so often made by
short sighted exponents of federal rent
The constructive approach to housing
needs, from the federal level, is through ex-
pansion of the FHA loan program for pri-
vate investors, not through such short run
measures as rent control.
Washington Merry- Go -Round
WITH DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON - Alarmed at the GOP
drift to the right, liberal Republican
leaders have been holding secret trysts and
working backstage to swing the party line
back to progressive principles.
They hope to form a militant bloc within
the Republican Party along the lines of the
Americans for Democratic Action-which,
though now officially divorced from the
Democratic Party, is still made up of liber-
Such GOP liberals as Senators Irving
Ives of New York, Wayne Morse of Oregon,
George Aiken of Vermont, Henry Cabot
Lodge of Massachusetts and Ed Thye of
Minnesota have taken part in this new
movement. They have even picked a name
-Republicans for American Action-and
drafted their own policy statement. This
was written in great secrecy by Fortune
magazine's progressive editor, Russell Dav-
enport-though it hasn't been endorsed as
yet by all those seeking to liberalize the
In spite of the secrecy, however, this col-
umn has obtained a copy of, the Davenport
statement-a stimulating declaration, some
parts of which Harry Truman would prob-
ably likta-adopt.. Here is the new creed
which GOP liberals believe will inject new
life into the Grand Old Party.
BORN OF SLAVERY
THE KEY to an understanding of Republi-
can doctrine is to be discovered in the
fact that the party was founded to meet
that greatest issue of modern times, human
slavery . . . but slavery may take many
forms. The rise of industrial mass produc-
tion, opening up for the first time in history
the hope of economic sufficiency, also creat-
ed the danger of economic slavery-slavery
to the machine.
"The position of the Democratic Party
that the government can fix everything
bypasses this concept of the individual and
replaces it with the concept of mass ano-
nymity. On the other hand, the approach
here proposed consists essentially in ap-
pealing to millions of people as individuals
for the proper implementation of their
"Cynics may object that this approach
overrates the stature of the American peo-
ple. Yet if this objection is valid, the hope
of maintaining a free republic is vain. The
truth is that the appeal has never been
made in modern terms, because the Re i
publican party has been slow to modernize
its own doctrine."
HE LIBERAL GOP statement then pro-
ceeds aggressively to set forth, point by
point, a new party platform.
to proceed uncompromisingly to complete
this task . . . alliances with anti-civil-rights
Democrats on these matters constitute trea-
son to the principlese of Republicanism ..
"SOCIAL RIGHTS-However, freedom in
our time cannot be maintained by civil rights
alone. The right to life is as fundamental to
freedom as the right to liberty; and in an
industrial society, in which men and women
are dependent for their livelihood upon ec-
nomic factors wholly beyond their control,
the implementation of the right to life be-
comes largely an economic matter .. .
"It is the pressing task of the Republican
Party to develop means by which the pri-
mary responsibility for the implementing
of these rights can be carried by the citi-
zens themselves: for by no other means
can the free economic way of life be
"This does not mean that the government
should play no part in making these socia
rights real. On the contrary, it is govern-
ment's role to provide substantial assistance.
This it can do, chiefly in three ways: (1) bi
wise legislation defining the responsibilities
of private parties; (2) by direct grants; and
(3) by offering economic incentives, such as
tax benefits, to encourage private individuals
and organizations to implement the rights
"ECONOMIC POLICY - The Republican.
Party should adopt, as the keystone of its
economic policy, the encouragement of high-
er productivity on a competitive basis.
"This can best be accomplished by (1)
direct aid to the economy, through public
works and projects designed to stimulate
new economic opportunities; (2) intelli-
gent economy in government administra-
tion, as recommended by the Hoover Com-
mission; (3) vigorous enforcement of the
anti-trust laws to curb monopoly capital;
and (4) a tax program designed to raise
revenue in the most productive way - - .
"The party must (also) beware of dog-
matism. A balanced budget is a great and
desirable good; but it is not an end in itself.
* * *
"SPECIAL GROUPS-It has long been
the policy of the Democratic Party to main-
tain itself in power by granting concessions
to special groups of citizens. The Democratic
Party has thus become a loosely-knit alli-
ance between such groups, each fighting for
its own interest at public expense. It is
sometimes said that in order to win office,
Republicans should try to outbid the Demo-
crats in this regard. But aside from the fact
that such a course would be politically fu-
tile, it is repugnant to the ideals and prin-
ciples of good Republicanism.
"LABOR RIGHTS-The right of collective
bargaining is an elementary social right. Like
other rights, it is subject to abuse-and has
in fact been abused. Yet the abuses cannot
be corrected merely by devising punishments
or exercising the police power ..-
"The Republican Party must guard la-
bor's rights but it must at the same time
insist upon the fulfillment of their public
responsibilities by all the bargaining par-
ties-labor, management and ownership.
"In addition, the party should proceed to
devise a system of incentives that will en-
courage peaceful bargaining and profitable
participation of labor in the fruits of in-
THOMAS L. STOKES:
Three = Ring
WASHINGTON - Congress is usually a
three-ring circus in election years, and
the current session is no exception.
But a circus is predictable. It follows a
set routine. Not so Congress.
When it assembled back in January, peo-
ple were talking in terms of program and
routine-housing, health insurance, social
security, Taft-Hartley Act revision or repeal,
Brannan farm plan, civil rights, federal aid
to education, and the like, which had been
highlighted as major issues by Harry Tru-
man's surprising re-election in 1948.
That was the program, figuratively, that
you were handed at the door.
* * *
NOBODY suspected then that, at this
point, midway of the session, Congress
would be all worked up with another Con
munists-in-government investigation, though
that's been a familiar spectacle for the last
few years. No one thought that Senators
would be sitting listening, with rapt atten-
tion, to big-shot gamblers telling about their
business discreetly; or that another Senator
would be pointing with alarm about the
morals of Hollywood, though all these are
good, juicy circus material or, better, good
"ten-twent'-thirt' " stuff of the old "melo-
The experts were right when, at the
outset of the session in cataloguing the
various items of the Truman social wel-
fare program, they forecast that little
would be done about it and that it would
be left hanging in midair, unenacted, for
campaign purposes-"welfare" for Demo-
cratic arguments; "socialism" for Repub-
Attention has been diverted away from
all that, from what some consider funda-
mental matters, by the side-shows in which
ex-Communists now ready to tell all, and
soft-spoken gamblers ready to tell not too
much, have become the leading characters.
But, nonetheless, perhaps typical of these
strange times when people, harried by fears,
are looking for live spooks or scapegoats, a
sort of escape into the fantastic, like comic
books of this era.
* * *
REPORTS from the outlying precincts in-
dicate that Senator Joe McCarthy has
got lots of people stirred up with his one-
man, whirling dervish crusade against Com-
munists in government. These people have
come to wait for the next edition to find out.
if he's found one, a morbid sort of curiosity
that persists the more seemingly because it
hasn't been satisfied. Joe hasn't delivered,
but he seems to keep his audience as he
cranks away furiously and frantically.
In his tactics and technique he reminds
old-timers around here more than anyone
else of the late Huey Long who played
upon the fear of the people in another era
of confusion (that of the depression years)
when the Louisiana dictator dangled be-
fore them the delusion, "every man a
king." But Joe offers no such mirage of
hope. He offers only hobgoblins, and it
will be interesting to see how long the
people will enjoy a vicarious thrill of fear.
It works sometimes in politics if the
election is not too far away and you get them
going to the polls on the emotional rise.
* * *4
THE MAJOR CRIME investigation, which
hasn't got' going yet, also holds political
potentialities for Republicans who hope to
show a connection between big city Demo-
cratic machines and rackets. This was dra-
matized in the recent Binaggio murder in
Kansas City in Harry Truman's home baili-
wick. The political dynamite that may lurk
in the crime investigation is indicated by
the skittishness of Democrats in organizing
It is going to be interesting to see how
President Truman, who is a one-man road
show himself, meets the come-lately is-
sues in the new form of Communists-in-
government and politics-in-rackets when
he hits the whistle-stops on his coming
trip west. It is quite a test for his political
talents. His object, it is known, is to get
attention back to Congress, itself, away'
from the side shows, and to rouse the
people to ask the question:
"What has Congress done for us?"
He has explored that subject before.
(Copyright, 1950, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)i
"FOREIGN AFFAIRS - The Republicar,
Party must now carry on its own interna-
tionalist tradition by a full acceptance of the
responsibility of the U.S. as the leading hab-"
tion of free men. It must insist on world-
wide policies to meet world-wide dangers;
. . . from its great store of knowledge re-1
garding industry and business, it should de-+
vise practical programs that will enable other
nations to help themselves.
"Since Communist aggression is primar-
ily political in character, we cannot defend
ourselves against it by purely military
means. Our primary defense must be
fntd nf. nrr fl4n .hcV
"Stop Ganging Up On Me:"
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DJAILY OFFICIAL BULEI
Debate - Pro.. ..
To the Editor:
YOU ARE to be commended for
your stand with reference to
the veto of the proposed Wernette-
Phillips debate, "Capitalism vs.
Communism." The editorials and
letters to the editors have exam-
ined the issue raised by the veto in
the light of the guarantees of the
Michigan and United States con--
stitutions. The arguments that
deal with this aspect are essential-
The Editors of The Daily and
others have referred to the issue
of Communism vs. Capitalism as
'the crucial issue of our age.''
Fundamentally, this is correct.
Since common usage of the word
affiliates Communism with Stalin-
ism rather than with Socialism,
this matter needs clarification.
The Communist Party by its ac-
ceptance of the provisions of the
"Third International" and by its
subsequent actions has shown it-
self to be an adherent of Stalinism
rather than Socialism. However
crucial the problems between Stal-
inist Capitalism and "free enter-
prise" Capitalism, there is an is-
sue of greater importance to man-
kind. The most important issue of
our day is the conflict between the
working class of the world and
the capitalist class of the world
engendered by the directly oppos-
ed interests of the two classes. The
capitalist class is, of necessity, im-.
pelled to extract as much surplus
value out of exploitation. As long
as the capitalist system of produc-
tion exists (a system based on co-
operative or social operation of in-
dustry which is at the same time
privately owned and controlled)
the struggle between the owning
minority and the non-owning ma-
jority will go on. This struggle is
world wide regardless of the fact
that its solution will be achieved
in various countries progressively
in keeping with the rate of matur-
ity and senility of Capitalism in
the various countries.
No mounting of Marxian termi-
nology can make of Russia that
which it is not. Russia is a capi-
talist antion impeded by feudal
relics. The present hub-bub about
"Communism" vs. Capitalism is
really a cold war growing hotter
by the moment between the Capi-
talist world of Stalin and the Cap-
iatlist world of the west (State
Capitalism in Britain and "free
enterprise" Capitalism elsewhere).
However the capitalist war be-
tween the east and west may be
resolved, the struggle between the
"nation" of Capitalists (a small
part of society) and the "nation"
of the Workers (the bulk of the
world's population) will remain as
long as Capitalism remains.
A debate between Prof. Phillips
and Prof. Wernette would not,
probably, have been a debate on
Communism vs. Capitalism. It
could only have been a debate be-
tween Russian Capitalism and our
form of Capitalism. In such a
choice there is little doubt which
side Americans would have been
on. But there is a larger choice.
This choice is between an un-
American, freedom destroying, and
war provoking capitalist economy
and a socialist economy of great
personal freedom, of abundance,
and of peace.
-Ralph W. Muncy, '23
Debate - Con.. ..
To the Editor:
DISREGARDING THE financial
argument discussed in Larry
Rothman's editorial in Tuesday's
Daily, which I believe is complete-
ly correct from the University's
standpoint, the Lecture Commit-
tee was 100 per cent justified in
calling off the debate between
Phillips and Wernette. The basis
for most of the violent dissent
against the Committee's action
has been that a student body such
as ours is mature in its thinking
and has the right to be exposed
to all comers. How anyone, who
has ever heard the students on
this campus argue political ques-
tions, can say that the student
body is made up of open minds
and free thinkers is as naive as he
can be. Most of these discussions
are pure regurgitation of our al-
ready too biased lectures in such
courses as political science and
history. The same thing can hap-
pen with Phillips. If he. should
happen to be just a little sharper
than his opponent the Commun-
ist ranks at the University of Mi-
chigan will find support that they
had never dreamed of before.
-Richard C. Elconin
Editorial Policy . . .
To the Editor:
IT WAS WITH the greatest in-
terest that I read the three
letters in Sunday's Daily, signed
by Messrs. Keeler, Tobin, and
Drysdale. The first two are as re-
actionary as Hitler or Stalin
could possibly desire, and, after
classing the writers of these let-
ters with their totalitarian soul-
mates,we can letthe matter rest.
Concerning Mr. Drysdale, it
seems he lacks information about
The Daily's editorial policy. In
order that he may have this infor-
mation before going off half-cock-
ed again, let me make a few sug-
gestions. Mr. Drysdale, please:
1) Read the small print at the
head of the Letters to the Editor
column. You'll find it to be true,
if you'll take the trouble to inves-
tigate the matter.
2) Consider whether it might
not be possible that more letters
are written agreeing with the edi-
torial policy than otherwise, and
that this policy might be influenc-
ed by the letters received.I
3) Remember, a defense of aca-
demic freedom and the right of
the minority to be heard does not
imply that such defense is put
forward by only Communists.
(Your 198.88 Proof, RED-blooded
pals, Keeler and Tobin, do not
seem to see the truth of this, but
perhaps you are not beyond re-
4) Instead of weeping about the
sort of people who comprise the
Daily staff, you and your ilk might
disengage your flabby posteriors
from your wailing-chairs and try
out for the staff, as the competi-
tion for positions is open to all.
* * *R..
To the Editor:
PEOPLE IN THIS country should
feel an obligation to oppose
Communism as it is being im-
t ' RB -ocK.
Or9m Tyfe wAL N'tGT' N toSi V+
/ettei TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited, or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notioe to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be set in
typewritten form to the Office of the
Assistant to the President, Room 2552
Administration Building, by 3:00 p.m.
on the day preceding publication
(11:00 a.m. Saturdays).
SUNDAY, APRIL 30, 1950
VOL LX, -No. 143
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to stu-
dents from 4 to 6 o'clock on Wed.,
Faculty, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Meeting,
May 1, 4:10 p.m., 1025 Angell Hall.
1. Consideration of the minutes
of the meeting of April 3,1950
2. Election to Executive Commit-
tee Panel, Library Committee, Ad-
ministrative Board, and Standing
Committee on Curriculum. Nomi-
n a t i n g Committee: Professors
Clark Hopkins (Chairman), D. G.
Marquis, F. K. Sparrow, P. M.
Spurlin, and W. B. Willcox.
3. Consideration of reports sub-
mitted with the call to this meet-
a. Executive Committee - Prof.
b. Executive Board of the Grad-
uate-School - Prof. F. K.
c. Senate Advisory Committee on
University Affairs - Prof. C.
B. Slawson. No report.
d. Dean's Conference - Dean
5. New business.
The Sun Life Assurance Com-
Pany of Canada has the following
openings in their Detroit office.
(1) Office: manager trainee, single,
20-23 years of age, free to transfer
to another location when quali-
fied. (2) Group insurance service
and survey, trainee, married or
single, 24-28 years of age, Busi-
ness Administration or L, S & A
graduate. (3) Men for group in-
surance sales. Must be future man-
agement caliber. For further in-
formation call the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, Extension 371.
Escuela Campo Allegre of Cara-
cas, Venezuela desires a young man
of at least twenty- six to teach sci-
ence and physical education in
,their newly: added Junior High
School. At feast two years exper-
ience at this level is required. For
further information please contact
posed on much of the world by
Russia. I believe most thinking
people endorse the opposition,
while they deplore the methods
being used. It would give me little
satisfaction to defeat Communism
and become as unjust as Russia
in the process.
One example of the methods
used is that of McCarthy. It is
no doubt a good thing to uncover
Communists in the government
but there must be some way to do
it without smearing innocent peo-
ple and condemning public ser-
vants by rumor and association.
Anotherrmethod is shown by
Hobbs's recent letter in which he
slyly implies that Jaroff sympa-
thizes with Communism because
his name sounds Russian. One
could just as logically imply that
because Hobbs sounds English,
Hobbs is a Socialist. The situa-
tion would be laughable if it were
not such an alarming sign of the
times. This sort of thing is ex-
pected from rabble-rousers but it
is extremely depressing to hear it
from one considered an enlight-
ened member of society. It makes
one wonder if man is really the
reasoning animal he thinks he is.
If a professor is not, what criter-
ion can we use?
-Bob Kohn, Grad.
Debate - Con...
To the Editor:
JACK LUCAS in his letter last
Saturday made the rather ab-
surd remai-k that the University
should hire Communist scholars to
the faculty as they would at least
defend free speech and should be
honored for that. Nowhere in the
world today where the Commu-
nists are in power is there free
speech. The refusal of the Lec-
ture Committee to allow Commu-
nists the right to speak does not
jeopardize the rights of free speech
but defends them. The Commu-
nists are asking for a freedom
which if they obtain, they will seek
-Porter M. Kier, Grad.
the Bureau of Appointments 3528
Admin. Bldg., 3-1511, ext. 489.
Representative of Cedar, Lake
Camp, Chelsea, Michigan will be
at Bureau of Appointments, Mon-
day afternoon, May 1, to inter-
view women candidates for the fol-
lowing positions: general counse-
lors, waterfront,'nature study. For
appointment, call at 3528 Admin-
istration Building or call exten-
School of Business Administra-
tion: Students from other Schools
and Colleges intending to apply
for admission for the summer ses-
sion or fall semester should secure
application forms in Room 150,
School of Business Administra-
tion, as soon as possible.
May Festival Ushers: Pick up
your usher cards Monday at Hill
Auditorium box office between 5
and 6 p.m.
Betty Ann Bacon
Arthur L. Beck
Charles De Young
David K. Eiterman
William R. Fritze
Bruce D. Herrigel
William Parks Laxton
Mary Margaret Poole
Robert W. Santway-
Marvin J. Seven
Robert P. Skye
Nancy L. Ward
Martin K. Wyngaarden
Students who wish to serve as
Group Leaders in the Orienta-
tion Program next fall may pick
up application forms in- the-Stu-
dent Offices of the Michigan Un-
ion next Tues., Wed., and Thurs.,
(May 2, 3, and 4) between =3 and
University Lecture. "Man and
His Planet." Dr. Fairfield Osorn,
President of the Conservation
Foundation, New York; auspices
of the School of Forestry and Con-
servation. 4:15 p.m., Tues., May ,
Lecture, auspices of Nu Sigma
Nu. "Psychiatry for Everyday
Needs." Dr. William C. Mennin-
ger, medical director of the Men-
ninger Sanitarium and past presi-
dent of the American Psychiatric
Association. 8:00 p.m., Tues.; May
2, Rackham Lecture Hall.
(Continued on Page 5)
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authority of the Board in Control of
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* * 4'
"CIVIL RIGHTS-The Republican
was founded to proclaim and enforce
rights, and it is now the duty of the
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: DOLORES LASCHEVER
New Books at the Library.. .
Forester, C. S., Mr.BMidshipman Horn-
blower; Boston, Little, Brown and Company,
Real things are a lot more
fun than imaginary things
See, it's circling those bushes.
I have the controls set so it will
Hmm. Where'd it go?
ifs not coming back.
It must have hit something..
Wait there, Barnaby. I'll get it. I