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March 30, 1950 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1950-03-30

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See Page 4

Yl r e

4f I t
r t an



Latest Deadline in the State


VOL. LX, No. 124



.. _- -

Proposed In
Union Setup
Popular Election
Of Officials Asked
Sweeping changes in the con-
stitution of the Michigan Union
were recommended last night at
a meeting of the Union Board of
Acting as a committee of the
whole, the Board "recommended
to itself" that it consider placing
several major amendments before
Union members at a special mass
meeting for constitutional revi-
would provide for direct popular
election of the Union president
and recording secretary. There was
no indication last night whether
or not the Board would endorse
this proposal.
However, the committee of the
whole, actually consisting of the
Board, made an outright recom-
mendation that the Board submit
the following changes for adop-
tion by Union members:
1. Revise the method of
eecting Union vice-presidents
to make them more representa-
2. Provide for one additional
vice-president, thus raising the
total from 6 to 7..
3..Eliminate the chairman of
Men's Judiciary Council from
membership on the Board.
4. Revise the membership of
the present selections committee
so that students would have an
"overwhelming majority."
A student petition calling for
election of the president and re-
cording secretary was submitted
to the Board four weeks ago by
Herb Leiman, '50.
that he would be "more than will-
ing to back the withdrawal" of
his petition, "if the Board indi-
cates it will submit amendments
to the Union members providing
for election of the two senior of fi-
Leiman said he would do this
"to avoid presentation of con-
flicting proposals at the general
In order for the recommenda-
tions to the Board to be presented
at a meeting of Union members,
they must be endorsed by a major-
ity of the Board of Directors, ac-
cording to Union President Bill
Wise, '50 BAd.
Wise said the Board will meet
again next Wednesday to consider
the changes.
Hospital Fire
Suffocates 8
PHILADELPHIA - () - Police
said at least eight patients suffo-
cated and 30 others were felled
by smoke in a fire that swept a
basement of a private sanitorium
in nearby Springfield, Montgomery
County, late last night.
Nurses led most of the 90 pa-
tients through dense smoke from
the 40-year-old Belle-Vista Sana-
torium for convalescent, senile,
nervous and mental patients.
The blaze was in a relatively
new wing of the L-shaped two-

story stone building. The wing
faces the College of Chestnut Hill,
on the northern limits of Phila-
Five victims were pronounced
dead at the scene. Two others
were reported dead by Montgom-
ery Hospital, Norristown, Pa.,
where Coroner W. J. Rushong said
a third was "dying." The eighth
victim was pronounced dead at
Germantown Hospital..
Almost all of those killed, stric-
ken and rescued were clad only
in pajamas or undergarments.
Dolly, Circus
Elephant, Dies
SARASOTA,Fa.- (AP) -B e-
cause of one bad moment in 27
years Dolly the circus elephant
died yesterday.
In that one moment Sunday



'U' Asks Present
Budget forQuality
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first in a series of articles describing
the needs of the various colleges and schools of the University and the
extent to which they will be satisfied if the University's $13,870,00
approprations request is granted by the State Legislature.)
In its appropriations request to the Legislature, the University
has warned that it cannot maintain the quality of its educational
program without an operating appropriation of $13,870,000 from the
This amount is necessary if the University is to keep pace
with rising enrollment and increased costs of education in general,

Test Loyalty File Actioi







Sees Flaws
In Defense

according to University admini-
* * *
ANOTHER major factor which
has forced the University to ask
for an increase of almost $2,500,-
000 over the current operations
grant is an expected $600,000 loss
in operating revenue due to a de-
cline in the enrollment of stu-
dents studying under the G.I. Bill.
Gov G Mennen Williams, in
hic biap d t a- to thw I~L is

By The Associated Press

WASHINGTON-Gen. Dwight nisLiuUget message to j I gis
D. Eisenhower warned yesterday lature cut the University re-
that the nation's military budget quest to $12,500,000, a figure
has been trimmed as far as is termed 'inadequate' by Pro-
wise-"even too far." vost James P Adams
He told the Senate Appropria- An economy-minded, Republi-
tions Committee that the nation can-dominated Legislature has
is not spending enough for three thrown out Gov. Williams' entire
"vital" fields of defense-the Air record-breaking state budget and
Force, anti - submarine warfare has set to work writing a new one
and Alaskan bases. which would keep within expected
revenues for the coming year
THE FORMER supreme allied: * *I


commander in Europe said he con-
siders a 48-group air force a safe
minimum, but added that if
enough money isn't provided to
maintain that strength "we will
begin to slip over the line between
economy and security."
In answering the Senator's
questions, Eisenhower continu-
ed to advocate a prudent middle
course than would avoid nation-
al bankruptcy on the one hand
and perilous slackness of de-
fense preparations on the other.
The United States would be
"playing into the hands of the
enemy" if it sought to achieve:
security through excessive ex-
penditures which would destroy
the national economy, he said. He
linked a healthy economy with
military preparedness and spirit-
ual strength as three essentials
for the safety of the nation.
* *
EISENHOWER suggested thatJ
readjustments within the present
$13,200,000,000 budget would do:
more to promote national defense
than an addition to the sum.
However, he said he would
"guess" ' President Truman's
proposed military budget should
be increased about $500,000,000
to provide for a completely "mo-
dern" 48 group Air Force and a
three-year Alaskan defense pro-
Some additional funds also
might have to go for antisubmar-
ine defenses, Eisenhower added.
He declared "we are taking
chances in the antisubmarine
field," but said he would leave
final judgment to Adm. FoirestE
P. Sherman, chief of naval opera-
Sen. McKellar (D-Tenn) re-
called that Eisenhower originally
had prepared a military budget of
about $14,400,000,000 for next
year, but that the final request{
from President Truman amounted
to only about $13,200,000,000.

THE BUDGET which the Re-
publicans hope to formulate will
be about $110,000,000 below the
$340,000,000 over-all spending re-
commended by the Governor.
Whether or not this means a cut
for the University is not yet clear.
Included in the operating re-
quest are funds for the Univer-
sity's 14 colleges and schools,
the plant department and ad-
ministrative expenditures.
Originally the deans of Uni-
versity schools and colleges had
asked for a total of $12,164,000
for the fiscal year 1950-51, a
jump of $1,809,000 over last year.
** *
THE University Committee of
Budget Administration, however,
pruned this figure down to
$11,413,000 in the tentative budget
which was submitted to the Legis-
Speaking for the University's
largest educational unit, the
College of Literature, Science
and the Arts, Dean Hayward
Keniston declared that any re-
duction in the amount tenta-
tively allocated the college
would jeopardize the teaching
"The request has already been
reduced to the minimum which
can insure adequate provisions
for the undergraduate and gradu-
ate programs of the college."
* * *
literary college at the present
time is to restore instruction to the
level which was maintained be-
fore the war, Dean Keniston de-
"Classes are too large and
the number of teachers at all
ranks is too small.
"The University is one of the
great state-supported educational
institutions in the country," he
declared, "and if it is to main-
tain its position, it must receive
continued support from the State."

House Holds-
One Billion
Of ECA Fund
Irish Partition To
Affect British Aid
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-Rebel forces in
the House beat the administration
down on two foreign aid counts
yesterday with amendments to:
(A) Tie up $1,000,000,000 (B) of
Marshall Plan money for purchase
of U.S. farm surplus and
(B) Cut off British aid unless
the partition of Ireland is ended.
Both provisions were tied onto
the Omnibus Aid measure, now
carrying a total of $3,122,450,000
(B) for the global economic fight
to stop Communism.
on the Irish issue by a teller count
of 99 to 66, legislative leaders de-
cided matters had gotten out of
hand and called off furthe:- work
until tomorrow.
Both actions are subject to re-
versal on a roll call later and
would have to get through the
Senate to have effect.
That leaves the administration
only $1,700,000,000 to use as it
chooses for European recovery.
President Truman had appealed
personally for $2,950,000,000 cash
without strings attached.
* * *
TOMORROW the Truman forc-
es are promised more trouble in
the form of moves to put pressure
on fhe British through ECA for an
end to arms shipments to the
One such move was beaten to-
day but its backers, encouraged
by the success of the Irish par-
tition proposal, laid plans to try
The Irish amendment, proposed
by Rep. Fogarty (D-R.I.) went
through with mostly Republican
backing, assisted by the same
forces that want to stop any build-
up of a threat to the Jewish state
of Palestine.
* *' *
MEANWHILE, the news was
welcomed in Dublin, capital of the
Independent Republic of Ireland.
Word was received just after the
Dail (parliament) had adjourned
for the night.
The immediate Irish reaction
was that the move opens new pos-
sibilities in the Republic of Ire-
land's fight to gain jurisdiction
over the six countiqs making up
Northern Ireland. The predom-
inantly-Catholic Republic of Ire-
land is composed of 26 counties.
Northern Ireland, with its large
Protestant population, has remain-
ed a part of the United Kingdom.
In London, Prime Minister At-
tlee's Labor government learned
with surprise of the action.
Unofficially, British government
leaders did not try and hide their
concern over the possible effect of
this on American and British re-
lations. Attlee will meet with his
cabinet tomorrow and it is evident
that the news from Washington
would take top place on the
World News

By The Associated Press
PRAGUE --Nathan Polowetzky,
the only American correspondent
of the Associated Press remaining
in Czechoslovakia, was ordered
yesterday to leave the country
within 10 days.
Chinese Nationalist Navy yes-
terday claimed the routing of
more than 100 armed Commun-
ist junks prowling off Shanghai.

_ --



-iy-- Wl lyBar t
HALF-TIME ACTION-A Union Opera makeup artist applies a final strand of hair to the head of
labor leader J. Hardly Everstrike a few minutes before curtain time of Act II of "Lace It Up." Mike
Craver, '50 BAd, plays the role of Everstrike. He looks strangely like the president of a well known

List Denial
May Provide
Historic Step
Subpoena Three
Truman Aides
WASHINGTON - (I) -- A nev
tug-of-wear over Federal loyalty
files developed last night with the
outcome likely to provide an his-
toni court test of the President'
After a Senate emissary ha<
handed subpoenas to three admin-
istration leaders demanding tha
they produce records which Presi-
dent Truman has refused to re-
lease, the loyalty board itsel
filed a counter request.
* * *
BOARD Chairman Seth W
Richardson called on a Senat(
Foreign Relations subcommitte
to hand over the names of all gov
ernment employes accused b:
Senator McCarthy (R-Wis) in hi
charges that the State Depart
ment has been infiltrated b3
Richardson said his request
was based on Truman's instruc-
tions to the board to arrange for
a "complete and detailed re-
view" of all the cases cited by
There was some talk at th
capitol that the Republicans oz
the committee might object t
turning the names over to th
board. on the ground that th
President had refused to hono
the committee's .request for in
formation contained in the files.
McCARTHY contends the fil
contain evidence backing up. hi
accusations. The Administratioi
replies that the Government loy
alty machinery is fully capable a
weeding out any subversives, an
that to make public the serce
files would hamstring the Fl
and damage innocent persons.

coal miners' union.

'Lace It Up'
Premiers in
Gay Con fusion
"Lace It Up," latest of the
Union Operas, got off to a rous-
ing start last night before a very
full house at the Michigan Thea-
Among prominent members of
the audience was Gov. G. Mennen
Williams, who brought a special
delegation in from Lansing to
laugh at the antics of the all-male
musical comedy.
* * *
ONCE INSIDE, the Governor vi-
sited backstage dressing rooms to'
give last minute courage to the
cast, and pose for pictures with
coy chorus girls.
Except for the Governor's vi-
sit, pre-curtain activity in the
dressingrooms was very calm
and quiet.
Opera manager Jim Ebersole,
'50, was one of the busier persons
in the theatre. He divided his
time between greeting visiting dig-
nitaries and taking care of the
many last minute details which
did come up.
At intermission time, autograph
hunters swarmed around Gov.
Williams, who adjourned to the
theatre lobby for a brief breath.
* * *
great," the Governor said. "The
audience reaction is terrific. I
only wish I could have a politi-
cal audience that would respond
like this one," he added wishfully.
At the end of the show, a gen-
erally contented audience poured
from the theatre, leaving it
strangely silent only a few min-
utes after both cast and patrons
had sung "The Victors" at the
By this time, any tension pre-
sent had pretty well eased up.
The Opera's staff and cast rea-
lized that they had nothing more
to worry about, until the second
performance of "Lace It Up" goes
on stage at 8:30 p.m. today at the

Forum Invites. Phillip's
To Speak Here April 25,
A petition has been filed by the Michigan Forum subcommittee of
Student Legislature to invite Herbert J. Phillips, avowed Communist
who was barred from debating at Wayne University, to campus on
April 25.
University announcement of the petition came yesterday in an-
swer to an erroneous statement in a Detroit radio newscast saying that
Phillips was scheduled to speak here last night.
* ' * * *
THE FORUM COMMITTEE'S proposed debate "Should Coin-

Weinette Hits
"We can look forward to a per-
iod of greater economic prosper-
ity, if we do not close our eyes to
the danger of creeping collectiv-
ism," Prof. Philip Wernette, direc-
tor of the Bureau of Business Re-
search said last night.
The average income will in-
crease from $3,200 to around
$8,500, per capita family, he pre-
-* * *
BUT THOUGH OUR capitalis-
tic system is more vigorous than
ever we must avoid the excessive
development of the 'hand out"
state and the weakening of our
economy, Wernette warned.
This will never be accomplish-
ed by one sweeping act of Con-
gress, but will probably be a
small, nibbling process, over the '
period of a few decades, lie ex-
"We must be cautious of the un-
wise extension of government
regulation," he said
* * *
a peacetime economy, but we are:
not at peace, Werner added.
Though capitalism is the in-
herently better system, "it has
been a ghastly failure in the rest
of the world, and has resulted in
incredible abject poverty. This is
because it exists only in its legal
sense. It is private enterprise,
I without the enterprise."

munists be permitted to teach
colleges and universities?" calls
for twospeakers on each side, but
thus far Phillips is the only
speaker who has been contacted.
Plans call for one student speaker
on each side.
Dave Frazer, '51, co-chairman
of the Forum committee, ex-
plained that the petition was
filed on Monday to enable the
matter to be considered at Tues-
day's Student Affairs Committee
meeting, but was removed from
the SAC agenda because:
1. The list of speakers was not
2. According to University pro-
cedure, proposed speakers must
be approved by the Lecture Com-
mittee before the SAC can act.
* * *
between Wayne University's veto
of Phillips' appearance and the
Forum comfnittee's petition. Our
petition was submitted the day
before President Henry's an-
nouncement," Frazer said.
Prof. Carl G. Brandt, chair-
man of the Lecture Committee,
said that he did not know about
the petition as yet, but when it is
received it will be "acted upon
*~ * *
at 4 p.m. today in the Union to
discuss and clarify their plans for
the debate.
"As a Student Legislature pro-
ject, the debate program will be
discussed and voted upon at the
next Wednesday meeting," Han-
sen added.

Senate Sergeant-at-arms Jo-
seph Duke found smooth sailing
in handing out the subpoenas
issued Tuesday by Chairman
Tydings (D-Md) of the Senate
investigating group.
The writs call for the complete
files, dating back to Jan. 1, 1940,
on 90 persons named as pro-
Communist by Senator McCarthy.
Duke first dropped a subpoena
in the hand of Chairman Harry
B. Mitchell of the U.S. Civil Ser-
vice Commission, then repeated
with Secretary of State Acheson.
LATER IN the day, Duke served
a third subpoena addressed to
Attorney General J. Howard
Although the subpoenas tech-
nically carry a "penalty"-pos-
sibly contempt of Congress-for
failure to obey, few Congress
members held more than a thin
hope of forcing Truman to
yield if the case ever comes to
a showdown.
Meanwhile, freshman Rep.
Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr. (Dem-
Lib-NY) clashed on the House
floor with Rep. Keefe (R-Wis)
over Senator McCarthy's charges
against ambassador - at -large
Phillip C. Jessup.
* * *
ROOSEVELT told the House it
was "unfair, unjust and un-
American" to question Jessup's
loyalty. McCarthy had accused
Jessup of showing "an unusual
affinity for Communist causes,"
and when it came his turn to tes-
tify, Jessup bitterly denounced
McCarthy, saying he was hurting
U.S. fot-eign policy.
Keefe reported to Roosevelt
that Jessup had been affiliated
with an organization which had
been labeled'a "Communist front"
by the House Un-American Ac-
tivities Committee.
Presidential Secretary Charles
G. Ross called newsmen's atten-
tion to a directive Truman issued
in March, .1948, instructing all
federal officers to keep the files
secret "even in instances where
subpoenas are received."
Vulcans Continue

$2,000 FOR A NOVEL:
Student Writer Makes
Legal Studies Pay Of f

, A graduate English student
has cashed in on a year of law
studies to the tune of $2,000.
. That is the prize William Wie-
gand will receive as the winner of
the Mary Roberts Rinehart Mys-
tery Novel Contest.

WIEGAND'S prize-winning no-
vel, "At Last, Mr. Tolliver" was
mainly written during spare time
at the University of Michigan
law school where the 21 year-old
writer spent two unhappy semes-
ters last year.
"At Last, Mr. Tolliver," which
won out over 200 other manu-
scripts entered in the contest,
will;e published in the fall by
Rinehart and Co., the publish-
ing house which conducts the
After entering law school, Wie-
gand found his studies "pretty
dull" and began looking around
for more interesting things to do.
* * *

'U' Offictals Deny Biased Poltcies

Two University officials yester-
day re-emphasized that there is
no established discriminatory pol-
icy in admission to the University,
in contrast to general collegiate
nicture presented by a national

crimination in an article "A Mea-
sure of Freedom" in this week's
Look Magazine.
Forster. wrote "theoretically,
the doors of American colleges
are open to all students who

against a quota system here, ex-
cept that "state students and
children of out-state alumni are
given preferential treatment in

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