SATURDAY, MARCH 25, 1950
rIr HE MICHIGAN -DAILY
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WEEKLY CONFERENCES-Four student teachers plan the weekly work budget with Mrs. Laura E.
Williams, right, second grade teacher at the University Elementary School. The students, each of
whom spends 12 and a half hours in the classroom a week, are left to right, Frances Daseler, '50,
Phyllis Bohnsack, '50, Anne Greene, '50, and Mary Caryl O'Neill, '50. At the conferences each stu-
dent teacher outlines an individual class room project which serves as the basis for all study pro-
grams for several weeks.
Future Teachers Take
Over Primary Classes
From student to teacher in a matter of minutes-that's the
quick change act performed daily by students who take over University
Elementary School classes in part of the Education School teacher
To qualify for the state primary school teacher's certificate,
Education School students must complete five credit hours in prac-
tice teaching, which amounts to 12 and a half hours of actual
* * * *
STUDENTS ARE ASSIGNED positions in the University Elemen-
tary School, or one of the Ann Arbor public schools cooperating with
the training program, by Prof. G. Max Wingo, who doubles as Uni-
versity Elementary School principal and student adviser.
Teaching hours are adjusted to meet the requirements of
the individual student. But there is usually at least one teaching
at all times, for about five of them are assigned to each class,
Prof. Wingo said.
After teaching hours have been scheduled, students meet with
the regular classroom teacher in weekly conferences to work out
programs of instruction. Each student teacher is then assigned a
definite part of the study plan for which she must work out the
FOR STUDY MATERIALS, the student teacher often turns to
the well-equipped library in the University Elementary School where
she can find anything from primers to books on teaching methods.
Prof. Wingo is finding it hard to supply teaching places for
all the students who desire them. In .1945 only 20 students
applied for primary teaching positions, but this fall 93 were
placed in classrooms and education field work.
Prof. Wingo cites several reasons for the tremendous growth in
popularity of elementary school teaching as a profession.
* * * *
"THE NEED for elementary teachers has been well advertised.
And teaching offers a good opportunity for women to earn a good
salary in the first few years after graduation. The third reason is
that teaching provides a chance to work with children," he said.
Elementary school teaching also offers broad opportunities
for men as well as women, according to Prof. Wingo, who pointed
out that men are viewing the elementary teaching field with re-
He looked to the men's interest as a good sign. "There are chances
for men to go on to administrative positions. We would like to have
more men in the field."
The biggest problem for Prof. Wingo right now is to select the
best candidates on the basis of their qualifications. It used to be
a case of attracting students to the program; now we must concentrate
on selection, he said.
Until the present year, the field in elementary teaching has
been wide open to almost any student who wished to enter the
program for a primary teaching certificate.
But an increased number of applicants has tightened up the
field so that the Education School may have to turn applicants away,
according to Prof. Wingo.
FUN FOR ALL-Student teacher Anne Greene, begins her day at 8:30 a.m. by conducting a play
period in the Rhythm Room, a school gymnasium: Here she helps two students down the giant slide,
one of the many modern facilities in the, gym. Chances like this to work with children help Ann'e
and other student teachers decide on teaching as a career. Anne enjoys her work at the Elemen-
tary School; in fact, she "loves it."
DEVELOPING SKILLS--One of the most important aspects of
student teaching is to help individual students develop inate
abilities. Anne encourages a second grade pupil in her painting as
the child asks for instruction.
AFTER HOURS-To make each
class room day run smoothly
Anne must spend several hours
each week preparing outlines for
class study and doing research
into the best study methods in
the well supplied library at the
University Elementary School.
Michigan Academy Talks
About Variety Of Subjects
LUNCH TIME-At noon every day Anne sits down with some of
the second grade pupils for a warm lunch, prepared in the school
cafeteria. These lunches provide an informal atmosphere that
helps create a feeling of understanding between teacher and pupil.
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(Continued from Page 1)
Subjects ranging from genocide
to the Cold War to Indian folk-
lore were covered at yesterday's
sessions of the Michigan Academy
of Science, Arts and Letters con-
Many of the people in Western
Europe resent the United States
as they did Great Britain when
she was a world leader, Prof. How-
ard Blackenburg, of the history
department at Michigan State
Normal College, told political
science members at a luncheon
"This idea of going along with
the United States because it is
expedient," he related, "was not-
ably evident in France, when I
was there last year.",
THE CHIEF PROBLEM in
France, he noted, was a social
one thath has reached the stage
of class conflict, with the wage
earners revolting against the ma-
jor part of thecountry's financial
burden that has been forced up-
Although he called the pre-
sent French coalition "weak,"
he declared that only external
force or complete economic col-
lapse could lead the people to
turn to a totalitarian govern-
Prof. Blackenburg explained
that democratization of Germany
is falling short of the mark, and
that Germans seem ready to em-
brace the leadership of one man
in spite of liberal constitutions
and large turnouts at elections.
EARLIER, reading a paper by
Prof. Hans L. Leonhardt of Mich-
igan State College, Prof. Milton
D. Millnard warned that the UN's
attempt to make genocide - mass
murder -. an international crime
has no teeth in it.
"The fact that violating the
regulations established in the
international convention is
nothing more than a breach of
treaty means that the enforce-
ment will be left up to separate
plete direction of the administra-
tion," he said, "it becomes an ex-
periment from which only ex-
perience is gained, and from
which neither principle nor con-
"Uncle Sam is only liked in the
role of Santa Claus," said Prof.
Walter S. Ryder, of Central Michi-
gan College of Education, com-
menting on the President's eco-
nomic report in a speech at yes-
terday's meeting of the Academy's
"Economists cannot refrain
from making the observation that
we have not achieved in Europe,
and Asia especially, what we set
out to achieve," he stated.
* * *
"WE ARE RIGHT, in debunk-
ing isolation and accepting parti-
cipation," he pointed out, "but
how far can we go? We are going
too far when we expect the up-
per groups to carry the masses
on their shoulders."
Prof. Ryder was then asked if
he were not invading the field
of religion. A previous speech
by Prof. Howard Bourne of
Wayne University, was cited.
Prof. Bourne had stated in his
speech, "Modern religious writers
depend on the sociologists and
psychologists for their economics.
It would take a world of demigods
to execute some of the systems
that they propose."~
PROF. GEORGE KATONA, of
the Univprsity Bureau of Survey
Research, presented his views on
business expectations to the group.
"This is a field where we have
published too many hunches. It's
time now to find facts," he com-
Following talks by Prof. Wil-
liam H. Knowles, of Michigan
State College, and Prof. Thomas
H. Usher, of the University of
Detroit; the group discussed pri-
vate pension plans and the family
o oo.* *
epidemic have been overcome,"
he stated. "The Germans are now
busy clearing the rubble and show-
ing great eagerness to restore its
beauty which was destroyed by airM
Prof. Muelder pointed out
that more than three million
housing units were destroyed in
Germany, and housing still re-
mains a problem.
"The eight to 10 million ex-
pelees who were forced into Ger-
many constitute a large problem,"
Prof. Muelder continued. "They
are not kindly received by the
Germans since they are fighting
with them for those things that do
INCLUDED in a similar prob-
lem are those Germans who
poured out of the Eastern zone in-
to the Western zone, and those
who were forced out of Czechoslo-
vakia by the Communist control,
"There is also a social prob-
lemin Germany," he comment-
ed, "since there is a much larg-
er number of women between
the ages of 25 to 40 than there
In any case, "the split of Ger-
many will continue to plague
central Europe," Prof. Muelder
"It is difficult to say when the
job in Germany will be com-
pleted, the only thing that can be
said is that it will take a long
time," he concluded.
* * *
Chippewa Indians of the Up-
per Peninsula have their own ex-
planation for the changeability of
Their story was related by Miss
Louise J. Walker of the Michigan
State College of Education at a
meeting of the Michigan Folk-
* * *
ACCOIDING to the ancient le-
gend, the numerous weather
changes were caused by two bro-
thers who ran a race through the
state. The one in the lead, Na-na-
bo-jo, spread sunshine, soft winds
and flowers wherever he went. His
brother, Pee-puck-e-wis, was jea-
Pee-puck, who, they say, are run-
I ning their race again."
MISS WALKER also related a
legend which explained the ab-
sence of grey wolves in the Upper
Peninsula. She garnered the tales
from the Indians of Green Sky
Hill near Charlevoix.
Because the Indians will only
tell the legends to those they
trust, Miss Walker explained that
she has spent as long as six weeks
trying to learn one tale.
* * *
There's a bull moose on Uni-
But don't bother about going
out to look for it, said William O.
Pruitt, Jr., who told a Rackham
audience all about it. It's on Su-
gar Island, a University summer
* * *
AND SOMETIMES a couple of
cow moose swim across from the
Canadiansside of the St. Mary's
River, where the Island is situated,
some four miles south of Sault Ste.
There are plenty of other
mammals on the island, too,
according to Pruitt, who helped
make a study of the island for
the last two summers and last
winter. Pruitt talked on "Mam-
mals of the Chase' S. Osborn
Reserve, Sugar Island, Michi-
"We trapped the animals to de-
termine the types on the island,"
he said, "using everything from
rolled oats to peanut butter for
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THE ISLAND, which gets its
name from the vast amount of
maple sugar produced there, is 15
miles long and two to four miles
wide. The Osborn Preserve was
given to the University by former
Governor Chase S. Osborn for
general use by everyone from for-
estry students to mammalogists.
The beaver is one of the most
interesting animals on the is-
land, Pruitt said. "They have a
regular colony almost within
AND MORE PLAY-The morning play period continues with
Anne directing the class in an organized game. But the job is not
all play, according to Anne. Games like this may require hours of
research in planning the best type of activity.
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