Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue


Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

March 21, 1950 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1950-03-21

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


_.' '.' rslmm;iy 21, I9ta-


May Festival Programs

IN THE COLUMN to the right colleague
Greenbaum expounds at length on the
shortcomings of the May Festival program-
ming. About all I can do here is say, "Len-
ny, of course it all boils down to a difference
of opinion - but in my opinion, you're full
of it."
I'm perfectly willing to admit I'm no
musical intellectual. I can't even under-
stand Schoenberg, much less explain his
twelve-tone system. I'm just a person with
plebeianly esoteric tastes, happy to shell
out $12 of my father's money for May
Festival tickets.
I don't want to sound like Harry Truman
applauding the status quo, but I'm fairly
well pleased with the works to be played.
Sure there are some pieces I would rather
have had scheduled than those which have
been, but all of us have our own particular
favorites. I would, for instance, rather have
Primrose do Berlioz's "Harold in Italy" in-
stead of the Bartok concerto, but then
there are, I suppose, some people who like
even Bartok. And I say, let them be served.
This festival is set up for everybody, not
just for a classical clique or a mess of maso-
chistic modernists.
Of course, there may not be enough mod-
erns for a person like Lenny, or enough clas-
sical works for a person like me, but general-
ly I think the festival boys have done a pret-
ty equitable job in spreading the goodies
Getting more specific, it seems to me the
"happy balance" claimed for the program
has been achieved. The concerts are slight-
ly9 weighted to the late romantic period
because that's apparently the music most
people like best.
Of course, a few workhorses are going to
be performed, as they should be. It would
be strange procedure to rule a good work
like Prokofieff's "Classical Symphony" off
concert programs merely because it's popu-
Lenny is certainly right when he says that
some of the pieces lack distinction - yet
this is an inevitability. You can't have cavi;
ar all the time and still appreciate it. Thus
this program slumming might just have been
committed intentionally. Hearing MacDon-
ald makes you appreciate Bach all the more
when it's played.
But Lenny's way off base when he says
the festival will perform no examples of
the "important and beautiful" (sic) in
-new music. What about the Mennin and
the Bartok? True they're both in those
Johnson concerts he admires so much, but
viewed in the context of the whole festival
as they must be, they succeed in giving
that well-rounded look to the affair.
Well, there you are. It all boils down to
the question of whether the programming
pleases most of the concertgoers most of the
time. I think it does.
.-Davis Crippen
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
GLEN TAYLOR (Democrat of Idaho), up
for reelection this fall, doesn't mention
he was Wallace's running mate in his Con-
gressional Directory biographical sketch ...
Looks like a red-hot fight over public
v. private power when the newly signed
Canadian treaty for the Niagara Falls
development reaches the Senate; Truman
favors public power ...
Acheson's California speech-making tour
is a new attempt to "sell" him and the Ad-
ministration foreign policy to the public;
Truman is willing to do everything, appar-
ently, save make a fireside talk himself ...
-The New Republic

and mountains of literary paraphenalia,
the musical event of the year, the May Fes-
tival has announced itself.
With all the publicity it is to be logically
expected that the festival, the climax of
the concert season, would present a series
of well-balanced programs containing a
wide variety of the finest possible music.
The forward in the University Musical
Society's announcement of the festival em-
phasizes this point. "In building programs
great care is exercised," it states, "in secur-
ing a happy balance between contemporary,
romantic, and classic works."
The deck, however, ha obviously been
stacked in favor of the romanticism of the
late nineteenth century, the period when
understanding of music as a structural art
was at a low point among composers.
Romanticism is represented by major
works by Sibelius, Richard Strauss (two),
Berlioz, Moussorgsky, Rachmaninoff, Tchai-
kowsky, Brahms (two), Mahler and Liszt.
Contrast this with the absence.of any works
by Beethoven and Haydn, the representa-
tion of Mozart by two arias. The so-called
happy balance has certainly been achieved
between classicism and romanticism, but
in a very odd fashion.
Further scrutinization of the proposed
programs shows an apparent lack of per-
ception and intellect in the appearance of
several of the works.
The choice of "Death and Transfigura-
tion," Mr. Peerce's arias, the Tchaikowsky
Fifth, and even the Mozart arias of Ljuba
Welitch and the Prokofieff "Classical Sym-
phony" does not reflect any imagination.
The complaint about these works does
not concern their qualities or lack of same.
It concerns merely the frequency of their
performance elsewhere. The excitement of
the May Festival would be greater if such
works were replaced by less frequently per-
formed compositions of high quality; and
among these some of the great number of
seldom performed vocal pieces of Mozart.
The most painful fact of all, however, is that
some of the music is completely lacking in
distinction. This is especially true of the
last program. The choice of the "Hispanic
Pieces" of Earl McDonald, former manager
and program annotator of the Philadelphia
Orchestra, and the "Pines of Rome" of Res-
pighi is musically unjustified. The inclusion
of Sibelius' "Seventh Symphony" and the.
Rachmaninoff "Piano Concerto" is almost
equally so in spite of their possible popular-
One of the most exciting aspects of
musical experience is the achievement
of familiarity and understanding of im-
portant and beautiful new music. True,
all these works date from comparatively
recent years, but instead of the important
and beautiful in new music - works of
Hindemith, Stravinsky, Milhaud - we
have compositions of lushness and trite-
This is more than disappointing to those
who expect in music intellectual power, and
emotional force handled with wit and beau-
It must be pointed out that the two pro-
grams to be conducted by Thor Johnson are
exempted from the above criticism. In fact,
one finds these ideal programming - im-
portant and fresh works by most disting-
uished composers of various periods. This
is also true to a certain extent of the works
programmed by Miss Anderson.
One finds, however, much less than ideal
programming for the festival as a whole.
The responsibility lies completely with the
University Musical Society, which arranges
the programs to the tune of bombastic ac-
claimations and little else.
By the selection of fresh vital works the
May Festival could have been a real climax
to the concert season, an exciting event
rather than merely a pretentious one.
-Leonard Greenbaum

VA Hospital
LAST FALL, the Veterans Administration
announced their intentions of building a
500-bed veterans hospital in Ann Arbor. On
a site just north of the city, at Glacier Way
and Geddes Road, that proposed construc-
tion is now going on.
However, from the very beginning, the
idea of having a veterans hospital in this
town has been vigorously opposed for vari-
ous reasons and by various means by a
small group of townspeople.
As long ago as last October, residents of
the area, which is not a part of the city of
Ann Arbor, but is zoned as a class B resi-
dential district by the township, met to pro-
test the selection of the site by the VA.
Although township regulations do not ex-
clude hospitals from a class B residential
district, the property owners evidently felt
that a hospital would be a nuisance to have
Their protests were apparently calmed
somewhat by General Carl Gray, a VA of-
ficial who met with the group, when he in-
formed them that it would not be a psychia-
tric hospital, but a general hospital.
But when the residents discovered, this
February, that a general hospital, as a
matter of course, included a certain num-
ber of so-called "psychiatric" cases, re-
bellion broke out again.
Opposition this time took the form of pet-
ty public nuisance charges against the con-
struction company doing work on the build-
ing. Although some of the charges were
probably perfectly legitimate, the volume
was certainly unjustifiable.
Then apparently "power," in the person of
William A. Lucking, a former Ford corpor-
ation lawyer, and Ann Arbor resident stepped
into the picture.
Lucking does not seem to be in any way
connected with the group of property-owners
in the area. But he is certainly helping theirE
cause with vigor. He has recently filed, in
the Washtenaw County Circuit Court, a bill
of complaint to enjoin the city from extend-
ing water and sewage mains to the hospital.
This action, if upheld by the court,
would serve to effectively throttle the con-
struction of any hospital on this Ann Ar-
bor site.
Lucking bases his argument on several
shaky but eye-catching statements. The first
of these, perhaps the most appealing to the
taxpayer, is that if the hospital is built, city
taxes would be boosted by the tremendous
sum of $25,000 per year. The enormity of
this figure shrinks quite perceptibly when
examined in the light of total city taxes.
A second excuse rests on the thin sup-
position that if the hospital is built, the
cost of treatment in the University and St.
Joseph's Mercy Hospitals will rise accord-
ingly, because of "the higher scale of wages
paid by the government for nurses and other
hospital employees," to quote from the actual
bill of complaint. Also, we are expected to
believe that "a serious scarcity of nurses
and other personnel will be created in Ann
Other reasons enumerated in the bill are
of a similar nature. But they all seem to
add up to one essential thing: Lucking's
actions, while nominally concerned with
the well-being of the citizens of Ann Ar-
bor, are rather inexplicable.
For some reason, William Lucking and
certain of Ann Arbor townspeople have been
trying to prevent a veterans hospital from
being built in this town. But the facts that
they present to support their reasoning are
tenuous, to say the least.
If their case is to stand up under even
feeble scrutiny, they had better think up
some new arguments.
-Charles Elliott


"They're Playing Their Cards A
Little Cautiously, Now-"




;: .

x _ w
t:"^ 5 ill
l t27 /


td R¢tpcic
p fN rW WgSM N1tp{ VoDt u.

The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good ,taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited, or withheld from publication at the discretion of the

To the Editor:
SOME FACTS need stating with
regard to the late and cele-
brated trial of Dr. Sullenberger
for allegedly assaulting a woman
in the University Hospital:
One witness who told me that
she heard Mrs. Philpot screaming
to the doctor to take his hands
off her, and to get away from her,
from the elevator shaft as she
waited for the' elevator on the
floor directly above the scene of
the alleged assault was not even
called as a witness. This witness,
the next best to an actual visual
witnessxto the affair, was and is a
nurse's aid at the Hospital. Her
story gives the lie to Sullenberger's
story about striking Mrs. Philpot
in self-defense. But, to repeat, she
was never called.
In a sworn affidavit, Mr. Top-
losky, who came upon the scene
after the blows were struck, swore
that he saw Dr. Sullenberger
brandishing the foot lever over
Mrs. Philpot'shead when he ar-
rived; and that he was afraid to
interfere to stop the doctor be-
cause of fear of the doctor and
(EDITOR'S NOTE: In publishing this
letter at full length, we are making
an exception to our policy of limit-
ing letters to the editor to 300 words.
We believe this is justified by the
Importance and unusual nature of
the case, and by the fact that the
writer, who was associated with the
prosecution, brings out some points
that deserve consideration and have
not been presented until now.)
the foot lever he was so threaten-
ingly holding. Yet this was not
brought out in the testimony of
Mr. Toplosky at the trial. There
was no attempt of the prosecution
to bring it out, and Mr. Toplosky
did not volunteer it. Mbre damn-
ing evidence that was never pre-
sented against the doctor.
In the selection of jurors, there
was practically no attempt to
weed out those among them who
might have been prejudiced
against Negroes. In effect, the on-
ly question that was direceted to
this aspect of the qualifications of
the jurors were, "Are you pre-
judiced against the complaining
witness because of the fact that
she is of the colored race?" It is
most unreasonable to expect an
affirmative answer to this ques-
tion from even the most violent
bigot. And the facts of life being
what they are, it is pretty reason-
able to believe that there were
persons on the jury who tpok her
race into account when rendering
a verdict. Though some of them
may have been above this, it is
unlikely in the extreme that they
all were, living as they do in a
culture which is run through-and-
through with color bias and dis-
The defense made a big issue
out of the fact that Dr. Sullenber-
ger had been working long hours,
had performed many operations
that day, and was therefore tired.
They also said that he was rush-
ing to a critically ill patient at
the time of the incident, a fanci-
ful story that the prosecution
squelched in no time, on cross-
examination of the doctor. Though
the prosecutor objected to much
of this line of testimony as be-
ing irrelevant to the charge of

assault and battery, most of it got
into the record, and into the
minds of the jurors. Of what pur-
pose was all of this testimony?
So far as I can see, tIhere could
have been but two possible rea-
sons for the defense's use of it:
To create a jury prejudice in fa-
vor of a busy healer of the sick,
which purpose does not speak
well of the doctor's innocence of
the offense charged; or to provide
the doctor with an excuse for
committing an assault, the ex-
cuse being that his nerves were
shot, and that he was very tired.
This, of course, is no excuse. And
so this defense was almost an ad-
mission, a "confession and avoid-
ance" of committing the offense
There was a variance in the tes-
timony as to how many people
were in the elevator when Dr.
Sullenberger entered. Both the
complaining wtiness and Miss
Powell, Nurse's Aid, who was wit-
ness to Dr. Sullenberger's "cuss-
ing" of Mrs. Philpot before the
blows were struck, testified that
there were only one or two per-
sons on the elevator when the
doctor entered. Yet the doctor,
on cross-examination, said that
there were about five or six. He
stressed that the elevator was
crowded. Yet the prosecutor made
no effort, in cross-examination,
to break down the doctor's testi-
mony, that was in direct conflict
with the testimony of the other
witnesses. Had this been done,
the doctor's credibility, a vital
factor in the case, would have
been weakened.
Another weak spot in his testi-
mony, that should have been ex-
ploited and wasn't, was his state-
ment that he did not come onto
the elevator in an angry fashion
and that he did not speak angrily
to Mrs. Philpot or curse at her.
Other witnesses testified that he
In its summation to the jury,
the defense claimed that the pro-
secution introduced the racial is-
sue into the case. In point of
fact, that is what the defense did,
on the very face of the record.
After the prosecutor had almost
successfully challenged some of
the testimony that the defense
was trying to put into the case,
defense lawyer Burke, feeling a
little uneasy, spent the next ten
minutei, at least, referring to
Mrs. Philpot, the complaining
witness, as "that colored woman."
She is a woman; she is an elevator
operator; and she was the com-
plaining witness. All of these
terms would have adequately de-
scribed her. Yet Burke, to whom
the racial question was immater-
ial, stressed and hammered away
at the fact that the victim of the
alleged assault was "that colored
woman." Presuming that Burke
knew what he was doing, and that
he chose his words very carefully,
the inference is obvious that he
was trying to discredit Mrs. Phil-
pot in the eyes of the all-white
jury. She was nothing but "that
colored woman."
The instructions to the jury
included every instruction that
the defense would have requested,
and none that the prosecution in
its right mind would have want-

(Continued from Page 2)
on all caps and gowns. Those who,
return them within a week will
receive a larger deposit and those
who keep them for graduation will
receive the minimum deposit.
Freshmen or sophomores inter-
ested in Reserve Officer Candidate
training (6 weeks-summer) call
Mr. Briggson, ext. 709, before Mar.
Men's Housing Applications for
the Summer Session 1950: Men's
housing applications for the sum-
mer session 1950 for Residence
Halls will be accepted after March
21. Application blanks may be ob-
tained in the Office of Student
Affairs, 1020 Administration Bldg.
Students now enrolled at the Uni-
versity who are planning to con-
tinue' for the summer, and those
admitted for the Summer Session
are eligible to apply.
Eli Lilly & Company, Indianapo-
lis, will have representativcs in the
office on Wed, and Thurs., March
22 and 23, to interview graduates
as follows: Chemical and Me-
chanicaF Engineers; Ph.D. candi-
dates in Organic Chemistry, Bac-
teriology, Pharmacology. Appoint-
ments may be made at the ofice,
3528 Admin. Bldg-hours 9-12 and
Thee Delta Delta Delta Local
Scholarship Fund is for the bene-
fit of any junior woman who is
working towards a Bachelor's De-
gree who-shows evidence of super-
ior citizenship, has a financial
need, and who fulfills the scholar-
ship requirement. Affiliated or un-
affiliated women may apply.
Any regularly enrolled junior
woman on campus is eligible who
has maintained an overall average
of 2.81.
Application blanks may be se-
cured from the Office of the Dean
of Women. They are to be filled
out and returned to that office
accompanied by three letters of
recommendations, as specified by
March 31.
The sum of $125.00 will be
awarded to the winning applicant
to be used the following academic
University Community Center,
Willow Village:
Tues., Mar. 21, 8 p.m., Bridge
Wed., Mar. 22, 8 p.m., Women's
sports group; Christian Education
Study Group, and Ceramics.
Thurs., Mar. 23, 8 p.m., Ceramics
and Choir.
Fri., Mar. 24, 8 p.m., Lenten
Academic Notices
Astronomy 30, Section 2 (11
o'clock) Wed., Mar. 22. The one-
hour examination will be held in
Natural Science Auditorium.
Botanical Seminar: 4 p.m., Wed.,
Mar. 22, 1139 Natural Science
Bldg. Subject: "A Mycologist in
Cuba," by F. K. Sparrow. Open
Geometry Seminar. Tues. Mar.
21, 3 p.m., 3001 A.H. Mr. Jesse
Wright will speal on "The Line
in Meta-projective Geometry." All
interested are invited.
Five-week grades for all Engi-
neering Freshmen are due in Dean
Crawford's office not later than
Fri., Mar. 24.
The Teacher's Oath will be ad-
ministered to all June candidates
for the Teacher's Certificate on
Tuesday and Wednesday, Mar. 21
and 22, 1437 U.E.S. This is a re-
quirement for the teacher's certifi-

ed. For example, the prosecution
should have wanted an instruc-
tion that being in a hurry is no
justification for an assault. There
was none. In fact, the charge to
the jury consisted, to my mem-
ory, only of instructions as to the
law of self-defense and that, to
find defendant guilty, the jury
must believe his guilt beyond a
reasonable doubt. This is all he
could have wanted. It might be
added that the jury did not find
that the doctor was telling the
truth, and that - the blows were
struck in "self-defense". It only.
found that under the evidence re-
ceived, there was a reasonable
doubt as to his guilt. In the light
of the foregoing, all of the evi-
dence was not received.
Because of the constitutional
safeguards against double jeo-
pardy, the doctor will not be tried
again criminally. But in the light
of the foregoing, I do not see how
it can be said that there was a
fair trial.
-Robert Silk

The University Extension Serv-
ice announces the following cour-
se: Introduction to Music Litera-
ture. A six-week series of lectures
devoted to the programs of the
1950 May Festival. No previous
knowledge of music is necessary
for enrollment in this course,
which is nontechnical in nature.
Noncredit, six weeks, $7.00. Prof.
Glenn D. McGeoch. Wed., 7 p.m.
206 Burton Memorial Tower.
Student Recitals Postponed: Re-
citals previously announced for
Tues. and Wed., March 21 and 22,
in the Rackham Assembly Hall,
by Helen Simpkins and Mary Mar-
garet Poole, pianists, have been
postponed. New dates will be an-
nounced later.
Events Today
Congregation. Disciple Evangeli-
cal and Reformed Guild: Tea, at
the Guild House, 4:30 to 6 p.m.
Canterbury Club: 5:15 p.m., Eve-
ning Prayer and Meditation; 7:30-
9 p.m., Seminar on Paul's Epistle
to the Romans.
Lane Hall Craft Shop Group:
Lane Hall, 7:30-9:30. Instruction
in leather work, bead work, shell
craft and finger painting.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation
Reservations for Passover Meals
must be in within the next two
days. Call 3-4129.
S.R.A. Council: Lane Hall, 5-7
p.m. Supper.
Anthropology Club. Meeting at
7:30 p.m., 3024 Museums Bldg. En-
trance to the building by the rear
door. Dr. Frederick Thieme will
address the club on "The Lysen-
ko-Mendelian Controversy in Ge-
Chess Club: Meeting, Union.
Continuation of ladder tourna-
Quarterdeck Society: Meeting,
7:30 p.m., Rm. 3M, Union.
Photography: Any persons inter-
ested in the study of photography
and picture developing, contact Al
Boyce at Lane Hall.
Wolverine Club: Flash Card and
Cheering Section Committee meet-
ing. 7:30 p.m., Union.
I.S.A.: Regular meeting, 7:30
p.m., International Center,
Square Dance Group: 7 p.m.,
Lane Hall.
Cleveland Club: Meeting for
members wishing transportation
for Spring Vacation, 4 p.m., Lea-
gue. Elections, and discussion of
plans for the spring affair in
(Continued on Page 5)
ffitr4*u Dil









At The State

0 . .

HOME with Dan Dailey, William Demar-
est, Evelyn Varden, and Corine Calvert.
T HE HUMOROUS side of war may never
have existed, at least not as uproar-
iously as it does When Willie Comes March-
ing Home; but, certainly, it's a point of
view that comes more easily seven years
after and one which this film demonstrates
need not be the grotesque humour of the
slit trench. The spoofing of the war and
homefronts, animated by Dan Dailey, (Wil-
lie), William Demarest (His American Le-
gion Father), and Evelyn Varden (Willie's
motherly mother), is for me, at any rate,
just what the doctor ordered, after the
vivid war recapitulations of Twelve O'clock
High et al.
Pearl Harbor: Willie is the first to go,
and does so amidst hozannas and hull-
abaloo; he's back in a month for two
years stationed as he is at the air base
near Punxsatawney, the home town,
where everyone is finally convinced that

At The Michigan,.. .
NANCY GOES TO RIO, with Jane Pow-
ell and a lot of stars who should know
N DOUBT about it, Miss Powell is im-
proving. But it's a shame that we have
to watch her while she goes through the
Main appeal of this film is the sump-
tuous technicolor. Next in line comes the
over-worked humor on over-worked sit-
uations: Mother (Ann Sothern) suspect-
ing Daughter (Miss Powell) of being about
to bear, for which she blames innocent
bachelor (Barry Sullivan). Seeing her
mistake, Mother also falls in love with
bachelor--now laugh, blast you!
So all we have is a lot of futile running
around so that songs by Powell and Car-
men Miranda can be thrown in, which are
scarcely worth the effort.
Much more impressive, however, is the
M-G-M cartoon about wages and prices.
They don't come right out and say so, but
they imply that. they have discovered which

PROFESSOR Stevenson said, at the open-
ing night of the Inter-Arts Festival this
past week-end, "I feel it in my bones," when
speaking on the subject. "What's the Good
of Art Anyway." Now, when trying to express
why I liked Zino Francescatti's violin play-
ing last night, I feel I must plagiarize from
Professor Stevenson, for aside from the cur-
rently accepted criteria used in judging solo
instrument performances, I basically must
say-"I felt it in my bones." (Must I be
placed in the nineteenth century for this?)
The Hindemith sonata No. 2, a work
infrequently heard in concert performance
by the major artists, opened the pro-
gram. Extremely pleasant to the ear with
long melody lines, marked contrast, in
theme, mood, and tonality, and lucid form,
it is one I would like to hear more often.
The pionist, Mr. Arthur Balsam whose
name was overlooked on the program,
must be mentioned here as an extremely
fine musician whose performance of the
Hindemith together with Mr. Francescatti
showed a mutual understanding so often
lacking in sonata playing.
Bach, played with many liberties in came
in the form of the unaccompanied Partita
No. 2. Objections to the violinist's freedoms

Fifty-Ninth Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Leon Jaroff.........Managing Editor
Al Blumrosen................City Editor
Philip Dawson.......:Editorial Director
Mary Stein..........Associate Editor
Jo Misner...........Associate Editor
George walker......Associate Editor
Don McNeil....... .Associate Editor
Wally Barth......Photography Editor
Pres Holmes .......... Sports Co-Editor
Merle Levin... ......Sports Co-Editor
Roger Goelz.....Associate Sports Editor
Lee Kaltenbach......Women's Editor
Barbara Smith... .Associate Women's Ed.
Allan Clam age................ Librarian
Joyce Clark........Assistant Librarian
Business Staff
Roger Wellington.... Business Manager
Dee Nelson.. Associate Business Manager
Jin Dangl........ Advertising Manager
Bernie Aidinoff......Finance Manager
Bob Daniels...... Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated. Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
mattersherein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
Subscription during the regular school
year by carrier, $5.00, by mail, $6.00.



The indignity of it! The ingratitude!

Y~o o o edm'boy.They'll j

John! Look outside! There's been



Back to Top

© 2021 Regents of the University of Michigan