THE MIChIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, MARCR. 19,4956
THOMAS L. STOKES:
Talmadge's Bid for Power
"'To The, Rear, March!
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
I =S BEING the weekend of the Inter-
Arts Festival, there wil undoubtedly be
muh articulate thought devoted to the
question, What is the source of an artistic
product? In order to disprove some of the
theories that have been put forth about
"inspiration" and "genius"-and also pos-
sibly to confuse the real issues-I would
like to submit a case history. The case is a
film, The Well-Wrought Ern, which depicts
the last hours of the life of Ern Malley,
mythical Australian poet. Its genesis indi-
bates the fantastic, haphazard way a work
of art can happen-it is also interesting in
MAX HARRIS, editor of the Australian
avant-garde literary magazine "Angry
Penguins," was the first person to make pub-
l11c the works of Ern Malley. It was in 1943
that he received a letter from "Ethel Mal-
ley" enclosing 16 poems by the writer's
brother, who had recently died, and asking
Harris to look them over.
Harris did look them over, and liked them.
in fact, he liked them so much that he de-
'oted a special issue of "Angry Penguins" to
nte complete works of Malley - published
under the title, "The Darkening Ecliptic."
On the cover he printed a quotation from
.alley's title page: "'Do not speak of secret
matters in a field full of little hills'-Old
And he wrote a long introductory essay,
in which ie went completely overboard
for Malley, describing him as one of the
two "giants of contemporary Australian
poetry." The essay was partly a story of
Maley's last days, but also an attempt
to analyze his poetry in the esoteric terms
of avant-garde criticism - ". . . his use
of language is never logomachical," "the
dynamics of their 9magery, etc.
This essay set off a tremendous furore in
the Australian literary/world. Critics quick-
ly lined up as pro-Malley and anti-Malley,
gnd above the controversy sounded the tri-
umphant note of Max Harris, Malley's dis-
When the discussion had been raging for
F few months, and was reaching its peak,
two university undergraduates called in the
ress and announced that they had written
"Te Darkening Ecliptic" to see whether
"those who write and those who so lavishly
praise this kind of writing can tell the real
Eproduct from consciously and deliberately
They "produced the whole of Ern Malley's
tragic life-work in one afternoon, with the
aid 0f a chance collection of books including,
among more standard sources, a U.S. gov-
ernent report on the malaria-breeding mos-
As a matter of fact, there is the ever-
I rsent suspicion in reading Malley's "po-
etry that it might me, somethin; it's
no hard to see how Harris was taken in.
And Harris still insisted that, no matter
how it was done, there was great poetry
in such lines as the following, from what
Harris called the "mighty sixteenth po-
"In the same year
I said to my love (who is living)
Dear we shall never be that verb
Perched on the sole Arabian Tree
Not having learnt in our green age to for-
The sins that flow between the hands
and feet . . "
WAS JUST this year that a group of
graduate students became interested in
tie En Malley saga. They dug up the old
Issues of "Angry Penguins" in which the
episode was buried, copied out "The Dar-
kenlng Ecliptic" and got a huge laugh out
pf the whole thing.
Naturally, when one of the group wasted
a few minutes dashing off a few lines of
doggerel, it was acclaimed as "a genuine
Malley." As time went\on, more of these
Items appeared; they were passed around
the English offices for comment: "Malley
at his most lyric," "Superb domestic econ-
omy," and so on. A book of addenda to
the Malley collection was prepared-dedi-
cated to Max Harris, "who has shown us
the way"--even including a few pieces
that were looked upon as spurious.
After all this, it was obviously necessary
to film the life of Malley. A few people got
together and figured out a plot (the last
day of Malley's life in Melbourne) and a
dialogue (Max Harris reading Malley's poet-
ry). And that was the beginning of The
Editorials published it The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: JANET WATTS
New Books at the Library
Aldridge, James, The Diplomat. Boston, Lit-
tle, Brown and Co., 1950.
Bates, Ralph, The Dolphin In The Wood.
New York, Random House, 1950.
Benchiey, Nathaniel; Side Street. New York,
Harcourt, Brace and Co., 1950.
gary, Joyce, The Horse's Mouth. New York,
THOMAS L. STOKES
WASHINGTON-The late Gene Talmadge,
the red-gallused Georgia demagogue, us-
ed to say'"that he didn't expect or want the
votes of any county that had a streetcar.
That naturally pleased the country folks,
as it was designed to do. But it had deeper
significance. He didn't bother about Geo-
rgia's cities, but played the rural and back-
woods areas, and played to their prejudices
for the very practical reason that city vot-
ers had little influence. In fact, they were
- and are -- almost disfranchised under
Georgia's antique county unit system.
A case involving this system soon will come
to the Supreme Court here on appeal from
a decision this week by a three-judge Federal
Court in Georgia which upheld the system,
two to one.
* * *
PROGRESSIVE POLITICAL FORCES in
Georgia are pushing the appeal challeng-
ing the law to the Supreme Court here after
their defeat in the lower court. The case was
brought on behalf of two citizens of At-
lanta, the capital, which offers the most
glaring case of voter discrimination under
the system. Under it, counties are allotted
two, four and six votes, according to size, in
primary elections for state-wide office. The
primary is the decisive election in the one-
Fulton County, in which Atlanta is lo-
cated, has a population of 392,000, gets
only six votes - the maximum -- while
counties with only a fraction of that pop-
ulation get two votes - the minimum -
so that it takes the votes of many citizens
of Atlanta to equal one vote in the less
populous counties, or, in the most extreme
case, 112 to 1 and, on the state-wide aver-
age, 11.5 to 1. That is true, in varying
degree, of other cities in the state.
In his final political venture in Georgia
Gene Talmadge was nominated governor
with a minority popular vote because of the
county unit basis of calculation, which was
the first time it had happened in the case
of a gubernatorial candidate - though the
wrong time. He died before he could take
office. Likewise, Helen Douglas Mankin,,
who was in the 'House of Representatives,
was defeated for reelection in the fifth dis-
trict, in which Atlanta is located, through
the county unit system which the State
Democratic Committee decreed applied to
House elections. She won a popular ma-
jority, but received less than a majority of
county unit votes.
A CASE CHALLENGING the county unit
system was brought after that primary,
seeking to have the results 'overturned, and
came to the Supreme Court on appeal, but
failed because of the circumstance that it
was brought after the election.
The appeal in the present case is being
pushed in order to get a decision from the
Supreme Court before the primary elec-
tion. It seeks a prior injunction against
the Georgia Democratic Party, its execu-
tive committee and officers and the Sec-
retary of State to prevent the last named
from certifying the election of any candi-
date on the county unit basis. It contends
the system violates the 14th Amendment
of the Constitution and the 17th Amend-
ment affecting direct election of senators.
Governor Herman Talmadge is alert to
this situation. The State. Democratic Com-
mittee, which he controls, has advanced the
primary election from September - when
it is traditionally held - to June 28; this
has been challenged. In the effort to en-
trench himself, he put through the Legisla-
ture a constitutional amendment to extend
the county unit system also to general ele-
tions to thwart any possible opposition there,
such as has occasionally been threatened in
the past, and this is to be voted on in the
November general election.
This is one among various moves to con-
solidate his power. Another is the law .he
put through in 1949 requiring re-registra-
tion of every voter in the state. The date for
closing of registration was extended by the
Legislature this year for two more years. The
re-registration law provides familiar tests
under which Negroes often have been dis-
franchised in the South in the past.
(Copyright, 1950, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
gpj imT*9 Aaj X +pore-c.
/etteA TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited, or withheld from publication at the discretion, of the
]D RL,.AM A
PERFORMED with the enthusiasm and
skill which is coming to be the trade-
mark of the inter-arts union, three short
dramatic skits provided the highlight of
the second evening of the current inter-
Listed on the program as "duologues,"
the skits were essentially nothing more than
a dramatic conversation with a few proper-
ties and costuming effects thrown in to aid
in the comnmunicption - the sort of tthing
the literary set at the country club might rig
up for the fortnightly pot-luck:
Within the limitations imposed by brevi-
ty and the extremely crude stage and
theatre, the group did a much better
than pot-luck job.
Of the three, Strowan Robertson's "A
Fable" was probably the most successful.
Revolving around a farcial theological ar-
gument, it remained sufficiently on one
bevel of resporlse to seem satisfactorily
complete by the time the neatly twisted end-
ing drew the players from the stage. Both
Reid Shelton and Charles Olsen performed
capably as the traditionalist and his skepti-
I HAVE A ONE O'CLOCK (MWF) in An-
gell Hall (2217). T have a two o'clock
(MWF) in T.C.B. (252). To complete the
safari between the two classes in the seven
minutes allowed (1) T have to keep moving
along; (2) my instructor has to bring the
class to a close by the hour; and (3) I have
to avoid the student jams on the Angell
Hall stairs. A horrible trinity of problems
but not completely hopeless.
Of course it's nearly impossible to hurry
up lit students or quiet lit instructors -
myself and one o'clock instructor includ-
ed-but it seems to me something can be
done about those crowded stairways in
Even in a town the size of Ann Arbor, the
traffic problem became so knotted up that
the city fathers resorted to one-way streets.
Why not, the question occurs, one-way
stairways for knotted up students?
The north and south flights of stairways
descending from Angell's third floor could
be made one-way from one or two minutes
before the hour until about five after tit.
Under this plan the students coming into
the building would use the center entran-
ces in the front or back.
Admittedly jams mihit develop in the
incoming entrances, especially arond the
rear one. But these incoming students have
the advantage over the escaping scholars.
They've practically gotten to their classes,
while the escapees are just starting on their
long flights to Waterman, the Physics Lab,
or T.C.B. As a matter of fact, the incomers
"Icarus and the Fair" by Daniel Waldron
was nearly as good, in presenting a modern
adaptation of the old story of Icarus and
his wings of wax. In this case, however, it
is not Icarus' unbounded self-esteem but
rather an egocentric woman which leads
to the fall from on high.
.Mr. Olsen, this time disguised as a
clown, is prodded by a femme fatale in
the person of a tightrope walker to try
the rarified air near the top of the circus
tent. The clown's lowbrow lungs just aren't
made for this sort of thing, however, and
down he comes.
The fall of the poor clown punches home
to the woman, the error of her snob-
bery and henceforth, we hope,, she will
be more tolerant of our clowns and Falstaffs.
William Trousdale's "This Ad Arbitrium"
had the most to say but because of commu-
nicative difficulties was probably the least
effective as drama. The cavernous lobby of
Alumni Hall provided an acoustical hazard
which was particularly damaging to Bette
Ellis' audibility and some ineffective cos-
tuming further confused the audience.
Given a more effective stage and theatre
arrangement, Mr. Trousdale's well-turned
lines might have had better luck.
All in all, a most enjoyable evening and
it is to be hoped that the union will take
a further look into the possibilities of the
dramatic dialogue technique.
-C. D. Thomas.
AMID MANY CHEERS from a welcoming
student body, the General Library a few
weeks ago announced that they are now
equipped with a real record library, from
which any student, even an engineer, may
check out his favorite album.
Significantly enough, this library W'as
formed not by an appropriation of funds
through the University, but by a private
gift of 125 albums from a member of the
faculty, Dr. Reed Nesbitt, of the Medical
Dr. Nesbitt's gift has evidently been great-
ly appreciated. This is shown by the fact
that the person desiring to take out an al-
bum can seldom find more than ten left
on the shelf to chose from.
This fact also indicates that a record
collection of 125 albums is scarcely ade-
quate for a university of more than twenty
As a beginning, it is fine. But it is only
a beginning. To sit back complacently and
say "We are up to date now. We have a re-
cord library," when referring to the inade-
quate collection now available, is worse than
plain passivity. It is to neglect a facility
which has already been too long neglected
on this campus.
Cinema and Criticism .. .
To the Editor:
HERE GOES on The Daily's
movie criticisms. Each semes-
ter I have hoped that the succeed-
ing semester would bring better
movie reviews in The Michigan
Daily. As yet there has been no
Although the column, Current
Movies, does occasionally come out
with some criticisms in favor of
the movie under consideration, the
majority of these criticisms are
decidedly s o m e t i m e s causti-
cally unfavorable. How--
ever, it is not the persuasion
of the criticisms that concern
me, rather it is the style used in
writing them. The attempt at the
subtly cutting style of the harden-
ed metropolitan critic of the legi-
timate theatre is out of place. Ev-
en though this style were imitat-
ed successfully, the "horseshoe"
would not fit. The Daily seems to
foster this racy, superficially
tongue-in-cheek abundance of
metaphors and wild associations.
One writer refers to Dorothy Ma-
guire as giving .. . "Home Com-
panion answers" to her problems
in Mother Never Told Me. The
use of such descriptive termin-
ology shows, if nothing else, a very
inued command of the English
language, and they are a discredit
to the editorial page of any peri-
The space now devoted to Cur-
rent Movies could be put to a
much more profitable use in the
addition of more news. A brief
synopsis of the current movies
would. be better. If the reporter
feels all pushed out of shape with
the need to express his sensitivity
it should, and usually can, be ex-
pressed in one word. This would
considerably diminish the time
wasted in reading the column,
and would give the reader more
time to get to State Street. Ac-
tually, a movie criticism is not
necessary. We are forced, due to
weather conditions, to spend mon-
ey on our Saturday dates. A dollar
and twenty cents is the most ex-
pedient solution to this problem.
As to the movie we will see .-, -
that depends on which theatre
has the shortest ticket line.
-Richard M. Hewitt
* * *
Mrs. Robeson . .
To the Editor:,
IT SEEMS that some people are
upset with the amount of pub-
licity given Mrs. Robeson in The
Daily following her speech here.
If I may be permitted to do so
once more this month, I should
like to express my disagreement
with that opinion. It is my con-
sidered judgement that the error
committed by The Daily, if any,
lies in not having printed the
speech in its entirety. I think it
would have been worth devoting
the whole first page to it, and
more if necessary. Moreover I even
think it would have been wise for
the University to have retuired
every student to hear the woman,
as a prerequisite to graduation.
(And preferably just b e f o r e
lunch.) Nonsense and trash such
as she presented should not be
buried. They should be brought
out into the light and exposed,
and left there to die. I'm sorry
that more people didn't hear her.
I for one was just plain disgusted
and I feel that was the reaction
of the rest of the audience. The
best way to disillusion people as to
the great humanitarian ideals of
the Russians and the Communists
is to bring them forth, in unail-
terated form. Mrs. Robeson did
just that and unknown to her,
set back the cause of Communism
as much as she apparently hoped
to advance it. Let them talk. Let
them hang themselves.
* * *
Greatest Band.. ..
To the Editor:
THISLETTER has two pur-
poses: (1) To give praise and
(2) to make a suggestion with the
hope that more people will write
to The Daily and secqnd the mo-
On March 11 and 12, I had the
pleasure of attending'the Michigan
Band Concert. I think that this
was one of the finest works of en-
tertainment and creativeness that
I have seen. The band deserves
a hearty cheer. It is quite a feat
to play so wonderfully under so
By way of suggestion, would it
be possible for The Daily to write
a feature on the amount of work
and preparation involved in such
a venture? I think an interesting
story in talent and skill is being
missed. Dr. Edwin Goldman, who
certainly knows bands, remarked
at the concert that it was the best
band in the land. I agree. But who
are the people in the band? How
did the band go about deserving
such praise? What did it take to
do it? This, I think, could be a
fine story with the cooperation
of the Greatest Band and The
Many of my friends have been
talking about the performance ev-
er since last week. All who were
there, I am sure, will remark that
it was wonderful. Many more
might like to know about it and
read about 1how a great band is
-M. Santagelo, '51L
-* * *
Erin Go Bragh .. .
To the Editor:
YOU CAN permit eleven-year-
olds to write your movie. re-
views; can devote many pages to
the agonizig question: "Indh-
pendent vs. Affiliate"; can give
endless columns to Young Repub-
lican prattling; can print letters
from Tom Walsh periodically
clearing up the complexities of
democratic life; you can do all
these things and I can 'do nothing
but retaliate by not reading The
Daily. But this time you have gone
Tell that spalpeen of a reporter,
Peter Hotton, that I will push him
around the publications block in
his kiddie car if he has ever seen
a "bough of shamrock."
-Leo V. Young
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Mr. Ilotton is
an Orangeman; we believe he can
(Continued from Page 2) -
Any reguIarly enrolled juniorc
woman on the Michigan campus is
eligible who has maintained an
overall average of two-tenths of
a point above all-campus wom-
en's averag&eof the preceding year.
The min imum required average
for eligibility this year is 2.81.
Application blanks may be se-
cured from the Office of the Dean
of Women. 'They are to be filledl
out and returned to that office1
accompanied by three letters of
recommendations, as specified. Ap-]
plications must be filed by March1
The sum of $125.00 will be
awarded to.the winning applicant
to be used the following academicI
University Lecture: "Psychother-
apy as Teaching and Learning."
Dr. John Dollard, Professor of
Psychology, Institute of Human
Relations, Yale University; aus-
pices of the Department of Psy-
chology. 4:15 p.m., Mon., Mar. 20,
Doctoral Examination for Nor-
man Edward Gronluitd, Educa-
tion; thesis: "The Accuracy of
Teachers' Judgments Concerning
the Sociometric Status of Sixth'
Grade Pupils," 2 p.m., Mon., Mar.
20, West Council Room, Rackham
Bldg. Chairman, H. C. Koch.
Doctoral Examination for Win-
ton Henry Beaven, Speech; thesis:
"A Critical Analysis and Appraisal
of the Public Address of Senator
George W. Norris," 3 p.m., Mon.,
Mar. 20, East Council Room,
Rackham Bldg. Chairman, G. E.
Mathematics Orientation Sem-
inar: Mon., Mar. 20, 3 p.m., 3001
A.H. Miss Ingersoll will talk on
Geometry Seminar. Tues. Mar.
21, 3 p.m., 3001 A.H. Mr. Jesse
Wright will speak on "The Line
in Meta-projective Geometry." All
interested are invited.
Physical - Inorganic Chemistry
Seminar: Wed.,March 22, 407
p.m. Rm. 2308 Chemistry. Mr. R.
M. Suggitt will discuss "Deuter-
ium Substitution in Studies of
Hydrogen Bonding" and Mr. P.
Girardot will talk on "The Heat
of Sublimation of Graphite."
Organ Recital. fThe first in a
serieh of three recitals by Robert
Noehren, University Organist, will
be presented at 4:15 p.m., Sun.,
Mar. 19, Hill Auditorium. All are
devoted to the organ music of
Johann Sebastian Bach and will
be open to the public. The first will
include his Concerto in A minor,
Chorale Preludes on "All Glory Be
to God on High," Prelude and
Fugue in A minor, Trio-Sonata
No. 5 in C major, and Toccata and
Fugue in D minor. The second and
third programs will be on Mar. 26
and April 2.
Zino Francescatti, violinist, will
give tie tenth program in the
Choral Union Series, Mon., Mar.
20, 8:30 p.m., Hill Auditorium.
Program: Hindemith Sonat No,
2; Bach Partita No. 2; Milhaud'
Suite; Saint-Saens' "Havanaise";
and Sarasate's "Zigeunerweisen."
Tickets are available at the of-
fices of the University Musical
Society in Burton Memorial Tow-
er; and will also be available at
the Hl Auditorium box office on
the night of the performance after
Student Recitals Postpozged: Re-
citals previously announced for
Tues. and Wed., March 21 and 22,
in the Rackham Assembly Hall,
by Helen Simpkins and Mary Mar-
garet Poole, pianists, have been
postponed. New dates will be an-
Lutheran Student Association
4:30 p.m. Cljoir practice. 5:30 p.m.,
meeting and supper. 7 p.m., Pro-
gram. Dr. Kantonan, speaker.
Westminster Presbyterian Guild:
5:30 p.m., Supper in Social Hall.
6:30 p.m., Program: "In the Ser-
vice of th 'Forgotten," Lloyd Put-
Canterbury Club: 9 a.m., Holy
Communion followed by Student
Breakfast , and discussion. 5:30
p.m., Supper- at Canterbury House.
Bishop -Einrich will speak.
p.m., at the Church, Rev. Edward
H. Redman will lead discussion
on the theme: "Can Unitarian
ism Bridge the Chasm Between
the World Cultures?". '
Gamma Delta, Lutheran Student
Club: 5:30 p.m., Supper and pro-
gram. Discussion, "May Man
Take Human Life?"
Wesleyan Guild: 9:30 a.m.
Breakfast Seminar; topic, "The
Last Week." 5:30 p.m., Supper
and Song Fest in Social Hall. 6:30
p.m., Worship and program in the
lounge. This is the first of a series
of three programs on "Individual
Committment." Guest speaker:
Rev. H. L. Pickerill of the Con-
gregational-Disciples Guild. -
gelical and Reformed Guild: 6
p.m., Supper at Memorial Chris-
tian , Church, Hill and Tappan.
Dr. Earl Grandstaff, Chaplain at
the University Hospital, will speak
on "In Sickness and in Health.
Michigan Christian Fellowship:
4:30 p.m., Lane Hall, Fireside
Room. Rev. Howard Yeager, Zion
Lutheran Church, Ann Arbor, will
speak on the subject: "Jesus
Christ-Moral Teacher Only."
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
Musicale, 7:30 p.m., featuring the
works of modern and classical
Student Art Festival: 2 p.m.,
Union Ballroom. An April Over-
ture, Lee Eitzen; University Sym-
phony Orchestra, Prof. Dunlap,
conductor. Ballet Club modern
dance club; four metrical Psalms,
Leslie Bassett; Michigan Singers
and Chamber Orchestra, Prof.
8 p.m., Alumni Memorial Hall.
'Faculty panel discusdsion, "The
Function and Potentialities of an
Inter-Arts Organization,"' Prof.
Oliver Edel, moderator; Prof. C.
Theodore Larson, Prof. W. Earl
Britton, Prof. Ross Lee Finney,
Dr. Marvin Felheim, Dr. Juana de
Laban, Dr. Hugh Z. Norton.
Phi Iota Alpha: Movies and dis-
cussion on Central America, 2 p.-
m.,'Rm. 3B, Union.
Grad Outing Club: 2:15 p.m.:
Rackham. Hiking and supper.
.U. of M. Young Republican
Club: A caucus of all club dele-
gates and alternates to the com-
ing convention, 2:30 p.m. 3A,
U. of, M. Hot Record Society:
A Bop record program, League
Ballroom, 8 p.m.
Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia-Pledg-
ing Ceremony and program. Un-
ion 7 p.m.
G eol o g i c a l - Mineralogical
(Continued on Page 7)
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You heard the vote, O'Malley. It's the
unanimous opinion of this body of workers
Or else we go out on strike!
At once! Immediately! We'll