rTHE MICnGAN DATTY
WE~DNESDAY,. MARCH f8. 1950
w _ v avvv
[AS L. STOKES:
Spies in Government
government issue is sprouting again in
the dank swamps of politics-as sure a sign
of an election season as the crocus is of
spring, though it is unjust to the timid flower
to mention it in the same breath with the
Some Republicans and some disaffected
Democrats have exploited it now for some
years in an effort to discredit social and
economic reforms of New Dealism and Fair
Dealisin, and with the same wearying repeti-
tion with which some Democrats exploited
the Herbert Hoover depression episode of
the early thirties long after it had worn
* * *
W HETHER THE professional spy hunters
will swing many votes, in the end, re-
mains to be seen. But it is certain they can
create a disturbing doubt in our government
and its institutions among some people by.
their flimsy insinuations and that is, in-
deed, a serious responsibility.
The Communist issue was used freely
and loosely in the 1946 Congressional elec-
tions, but it is likely that other things
rather were responsible for that Republi-
can victory-war restrictions, continued
controls, and the like. It was capitalized
again in 1948 but obviously, from the re-
sult, people were more concerned about
the Republican 80th Congress' derelic-
tions on matters closely affecting them
than in scare stories designed to divert
attention from the main issues.
The issue has assumed new vitality in re-
cent weeks through the Alger Hiss convic-
tion, the Coplon trial, the Dr. Klaus Fuchs
atomic spy conviction in England, and the
fear generated generally by the atom and
hydrogen bomb developments. There is un-
certainty and confusion in the public mind
that is easy to play upon. Some politicians,
in seeking political capital, either for them-
selves or for their party or both, often be-
come irresponsible as they strain for an
SUCH A CASE is offered here now in Sena-
tor Joseph R. McCarthy who is making
wholesale charges about Communists in the
State Department. The number is, he says,j
205 or 81 or 57 or what-have-you, depending
upon when you happen to hear him. He has
got hold of an old "list"; and such dog-eared
"lists" seem to be traded around here the
way youngsters of another generation swap-
ped those pictures of baseball stars that
came in cigarette packages, greasy from
President Truman put his finger on
what is going on now when he said that
anybody really concerned about alleged,,
disloyalty could report it to him and he
would have it investigated. He pointed out
that he, himself, had done all that has
been done to eliminate disloyal persons
from the government by setting up the
loyalty system. He explained that in this
the effort had been to protect the civil
rights of citizens and to uphold the Bill
of Rights which he considers the most im-
portant part of our Constitution.
This was his way of condemning the tac-
tics of spreading gossip and rumors in an
irresponsible manner, which is not the way
to ferret out any real disloyalty, if any, and
to protect the nation's security. Such tactics,
furthermore, certainly infringe the rights
of citizens guaranteed by the Bill of Rights,
which some politicians are taking too light-
ly. It can, to be sure, produce sensational
headlines and attract attention to a pub-
licity-hungry politician, and maybe make a
temporary political issue.
(Copyright, 1950, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
GIVE THE Frenchman wine and he'll ask
for coke - this, in essence, is what the
Communists are assuming when they support
an "anti-cocacolonization" ruling set down
by the French National Assembly.
Naturally, everyone concerned has a
right to be up in arms - from the Pari-
sian W.C.T.U. bloc to the Algerian Mos-
lems whose religion forbids the use of al-
cohol in any form - and to curse this
latest Communist infringement. All ex-
cept the French wine-growers, that is.
But unlike most other nations, France
would find it difficult to subsist without
tradition. That ubiquitous force is as re-
quisite to La Patrie Francaise in the eyes of
its natives as a revolver is to Fearless Fos-
With the introduction of coke in France's
hotels and sidewalk cafes - as much as it
gladdens the hearts of American beverage
exporters - comes this situation: Maybe the
French might get to like it too well, and
break this one-sided winey tradition.
Assume this happens. Then take a vaca-
tion to France, count on enjoying the mer-
ry madcap pace enjoyed - at least in theory
- by other European tourists and French-
men. Plop down in the corner of an existen-
tialist hangout and ask the waiter for a
bottle of wine.
He might say, "Sorry, but everyone's
drinking coke here these days. Do you
want to be out of line?"
It won't assume such alarming propor-
tions, I'm sure. But one can't get the most
out of the Folies-Bergiere while sipping a
IF ANY ONE needs further proof of thV
terrors of Communism, let him consider
the case of France, where the Red scourge
has wreaked its latest bit of havoc.
The French Communists, in an unholy
alliance with those titans of big business,
the French wine-growers, have succeeded
in ramming a bill through the French par-
liainent which would give the minister of
health power to ban the sale of America's
favorite cola drink.
Why was this done? A newspaper support-
ing the anti-cola lobby declared that because
of this beverage "whole peoples have been
What is even worse, the newspaper warned
that "The moral landscape of France is at
For years the average American male has
looked up to France as the country offering
the ultimate in sensual and free living. And
what has happeneed to this once-proud
country now? What has happened in the
birthplace of liberty, equality and fraternity?
It may be that you no longer will be abh
to walk into your favorite Parisian sidewalk
cafe and call for a "coke."
The French have let us down, thanks to
the insidious propaganda campaign of the
Communists and the wine-growers. How
can we ever again think of the French as
a racy race, if they admit, through their
parliament, that their morals are being
contaminated by this mere soft drink?
We cannot. If this proposal is not guillo-
tined soon, France is sure to tumble from the
pedestal which it has so long occupied in
the dreams of American men.
-Paul S. Brentlinger
WHEN CAROL PAIGHT was being tried
fh r the murder of her cancer-stricken
father, the courts ignored the fact that she
was not an ordinary murderer; she killed in
the name of mercy.
Now the courts are making the same er-
ror in the trial of Dr. Sander. They ignore
the fact that he is not a man who killed
selfishly. This fact cannot be disregarded.
Special laws for mercy killings must be
passed. Our laws are outdated and will be
until the generally accepted idea that a mer-
cy killer is not a murderer, in the usual
sense, is accepted by the law books.
As human beings we allow mercy killings;
yet, as lawyers, we do not recognize mercy
killings. Lawyers are ignoring the problem
of our outdated laws, a problem can never
be decided by ignoring it.
The problem was first given publicity a
few years ago when a doctor chloroformed
his armless, legless, deaf, feeble-minded
daughter. Our human impulse condones his
action. Yet, no one had the legal right to let
that glob of protoplasm die.
Newspapers have written profusely about
the problem, especially since the trials of
Carol Paight and Dr. Sander. Some believe
that human life is sacred; that no one has
the right to play God. Others answer, "Sci-
ence is now defying the mercy of God by
keeping hopeless, painful cases alive."
Many fear that no type of murder can
be legalized without dire effects. New pro-
posals allay this fear that legalized mercy
killings would encourage cold-blooded, sel-
One proposal would not allow a mercy
1-The consent of the patient were ob-
2-The consent of parents or/and spouse
3-A board of doctors unanimously agreed
upon the hopelessness of the case.
4-A court agreed upon the action after
hearing all evidence; this court would protect
the patient from selfish motives.
Unless we modernize our laws, we are
criminals. For the real criminals are less
those who kill in mercy than those who re-
fuse to reecognize htat this phenomenon
THE GOVERNMENT'S first anti-trust suit
against a newspaper opened in Cleve-
land yesterday, with the Lorain, Ohio, "Jour-
nal" as the defendant. The government
charges that the "Journal" combined and
conspired to restrain and monopolize the
dissemination of news, advertising and
other information' in violation of the Sher-
man Act. Among other specific charges, the
"Journal" is accused of refusing to publish
advertising of persons, firms and corpora-
tions who advertised in a competing news-
paper and in a radio station competitive
with the "Journal's" radio station.
We do not prejudge the case. But the
charges are serious, and, if the "Journal"
is guilty, it must be ordered to cease its
illegal practices. That is why we think the
American Newspaper Publishers Association
was ill-advised to enter the case "as a friend
of the court" in behalf of the "Journal" and
against the prosecution.
The A.N.P.A. says that if the govern-
ment wins its suit, "For the first time in
history the press of this country will be
subject to an order requiring it to give
access to its columns to anyone who de-
mands the same. If that access be granted
to advertisers, it follows that it must be
granted to those who wish to disseminate
information, either in the nature of news
or editorial comment, irrespective of the
judgment of the publisher as to its value
This is errant nonsense.
There is a vast difference between a pub-
lisher's refusing advertising in order to hurt
a competitor and his refusing advertising
because it is fraudulent. There is a vast .dif-
ference between a publisher's deciding to
omit advertising in order to exert illegal
economic pressure and his deciding to omit
a news story because he judges it to be false
To confuse these differences is to argue
that the First Amendment to the Consti-
tution exempts newspapers from anti-trust
laws. It is to maintain that there cau be
no free press unless newspapers as a busi-
ness enjoy an immunity not granted to
The free press rests upon free advertising,
not on monopolized advertising.
t The free press rests on competition, not on
The factors in newspaper publishing,
such as increased costs and reduced reve-
nues, tending to the disappearance of
competition are powerful. They are so
powerful that illegal and unfair devices to
destroy competition must be scotched
quickly and vigorously.
The question, the only question, of the
Lorain Journal trial is whether the Journal
is guilty or innocent.
For the American Newspaper Publishers
Association to pretend that freedom of the
press is menaced by the trial is to cry
ettepd TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters whichsare signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited, or withheld frompublication at the discretion of the
Westminster Guild: 5 p.m., Len-
ten Vespers. "Fishermen Prefer-
red." Tea, 4 to 5 p.m.
Residence Staff Institute: Meet-
ing for staff members of women's
residences, sororities and League
houses, 10 a.m., League. Mrs. Mary
T. LaMore,- Health Service Coun-
selor, will lead the discussion on
"The Role of Confidante: prob-
lems in personal counseling."
A.I.M. Office Hours: 4-5 p.m.,
Monday through Thursday each
week, Rm. 3-C, Union.
Delta Sigma Pi: Meeting, 7:30
p.m., 1212 Hill.
W8ZSQ, West Quad Radio Club:
meeting of all members, including
Broadcasting Associates, 7 p.m.,
in the shack, fifth floor, Williams
Industrial Relations Club: Meet-
ing, 7:30 p.m., Rm. D, League. Mr.
Anderson, business agent of A.F.L.
Carpenters Union will speak.
Opera. "Cosi fan tutte," by Mo-
zart; presented by the Department
of Speech and the School of Mu-
sic. 8 p.m., Wed. thru Sat. and
(Continued from Page 3)
Hospital Affair .. .
To the Editor:
It has been interesting to watch
the development of the "Poor
Persecuted Dr. Sullenberger Club."
Its members seem determined to
prove that medical men can do no
wrong and that assault and bat-
tery laws should be modified with
this in mind.
A Daily letter today is indicative
of the "Poor Doctor" defense ap-
proach. Dorothy R. Pravda, RN;
MA '49 (Members of the 'Club'
impress us with their professional
standing!) asks that we "imagin-
atively reconstruct" the facts of
the case, and then she proceeds to
do so. Let's see where it leads her:
1. Dr. Sullenberger is "an ex-
cellent thoracic surgeon." (Is this
an attempt to establish his char-
acter, or is it cited as an exten-
uating circumstance? Dr. Samuel
Green, Past Grand Dragon of the
Ku Klux Klan, was a prominent
2. "Mrs. Philpot provoked rath-
er than appeased his wrath."
(Does this mean that a Negro wo-
man is unjustified in answering
the foul Rankinisms of a Dr. Sul-
lenberger? The Pravda letter and
others imply that Mrs. Philpot
would not have been assaulted had
she "known her place.")
3. It is stated that "the unfor-
tunate blow was not delivered un-
til after Mrs. Philpot grabbed the
Doctor's shirt and tore it down the
front." (Miss Pravda conveniently
forgets that Sullenberger was
twisting Mrs. Philpot's arm and
that she tore his shirt in the effort
to wrench free from his painful
4. Miss Pravda's "imagination"
leads her to a malicious attack on
Mrs. Philpot's honesty.
5. The letter terms the blow
struck by Sullenberger as 'unfor -
tunate.' However, at another point
it is stated that "the University
Hospital elevator service has lately
been noticeably good." (We're to
believe that a little brutality was
a good thing! It, after all, im-
proved the elevator service!)
6. Miss Pravda's letter links the
C.E.D. with the case. The C.E.D.
has not been participating. It is
engaged exclusively in working
toward the elimination of poten-
tially discriminatory questions
from University application forms.
Miss Pravda, RN; MA '49 closes
with a rather desperate: "I have
...lived with other races, and
am as free of racial prejudicedas
We get it. Some of your best
friends .. .
--Charles H. Bisdee,
* * *
To the Editor:
DAY BY DAY we inch nearer to
the nub of the matter in L'-
Affaire Hospital: viz.-the eleva-
tors per se. They're no good. To the
satisfaction of all-the manage-
ment, the manipulators, and the
marooned - escalators should be
installed. A rotating interne should
be assigned to keep the side-panels
gleaming under the joint supervi-
sion of the senior staff men and
ex-elevator operators to enste
employment for all.
-John T. Manning, M.D.
AIM Fracas ...
To the Editor:
Re Mr. Wachs' Statement-
HAD MR. WACHS attended more
AIM Council meetings while he
presumed to represent Anderson
House, instead of deriving his
misapprehensions from the often
inaccurate Daily reports, I am
sure he would not have made his
four unsubstantiable statements.
Having served on the Council of
AIM since last semester without
having been absent from a single
meeting, I would like to try to
clear up the fallacies in Mr.
1 The first point is an insult
not only to the intelligence of the
members of the "dorms" but to all
Daily readers. It is completely lu-
2 Under the present AIM con-
stitution the Executive has no leg-
islative power nor were they dele-
gated any such power at any meet-
ing I attended.
3 Mr. Wachs cannot name one
instance in which the CE D issue
was used by any Council member
to further his own political inter-
ests. AIM did not "move to dis-
band CED" but only "to stay in
the CED until such a time as the
SL undertakes the objectives of
CED." (You could have found this
out by a perusal of the Council
minutes Mr. Wachs.)-
4 No Independent candidate
was purposely left off the AIM
elections list in the past elections
and I doubt if Mr. Wachs could
name specific instances. There
were,. however, two or three re-
grettable ommissions, but noneof
those ommitted felt that this was
All in all the statements of Mr.
Wachs are complete untruths.
Mel Cohen, '51
Representative to AIM Council,
* * *
Coal Strike . .
To the Editor:
EARLY THIS WEEK a group of
students from this campus,
visited the heart of the coal coun-
try in western Pennsylvania in or-
der to get a first hand impression
of the strike of the United Mine
Workers. I think it is important
that students hear a little bit
about what's going on with the
miners in order to judge the issue
at stake more accurately. Here are
a few impressions which might be
First, the miners are grimly de-
termined to stay out of the pits
until they receive a new contract.
Everywhere we went, from men,
women and children we heard the
same slogan: "no contract, no
work." Nothing seems to have de-
terred them from their goal. Two
telegrams from Lewis, Taft-Hart-
ley injunction, court orders, fines
haven't made a dent in their de-
termination. They are particularly
angered by the coal companies' in-
sistence that the provision for a
union shop and the "willing and
able clause," which allows the
miners to walk out whenever they
face unsafe conditions in the pits,
be stricken from the new contract.
The removal of such clauses from
the contract, which the UMW won
many years ago, have convinced
the miners that the coal opera-
tors will stop at nothing less than
breaking their union. They can-
not understand why the operators
were not penalized for raising the
price of coal during the negotia-
tions, why they continually are at-
tacked for their just demands.
Everywhere the food situation
is critical. Credit from local stores
has run. out, they are denied un-
employment compensation, they
receive no strike benefits from the
union, and most of the mine
workersado not want to go on re-
lief since it endangers the owner-
ship of their homes. The specter
of hunger is very real to them and
they asked us to help by organiz-
ing food collections. I got the im-
pression that for them the strike
is a life and death struggle, not
only to save their union but to
keep body and soul together. For
all this the miners and their fam-
ilies are not embittered, but . are
unusually friendly and have a
tremendous faith in thearightous-
ness of their demands and even-
Gulantics Review... .
To the Editor:
FEEL THAT The Michigan
Daily, if it is truly a student
publication, fell down in its job
miserably over the past week-end.
The Gulantics review, a program
run entirely by students, partici-
pated in solely by students, and
given for .the benefit of students,
was held last Saturday night in
Hill Auditorium. If The Daily had
printed .some story about it of
such size that it would have at-
tracted attention and informed
peopleabout Gulantics rather that
the three-inch squib on the back
page, the show would have been
financially successful. We didn't
lose our shirts on it, but at the
same time our profit was negli-
gible. This, in a sense, defeats one
of our purposes for sponsoring the
We would l'ike to continue spon-
soring Gulantics. It not only pro-
vides an outlet for talented stu-
dents, but monetary reward for
their efforts, as judged by audi-
ence appreciation. The proceeds
from the show go into the Men's
Glee Club Award Fund, an award
available to any student on cam-
pus who is scholastically eligible.
Certainly these are worthy objec-
tives. The Daily should use its
power of publicity to help foster
such a show.
-C. Wayne Wright, President
Men's Glee Club
* * *
West Quad Food ....
To the Editor:
HAVE BEEN following the con-
troversy in the Daily over the
food situation in the West Quad
with increasing trepidation. I feel
that the time has come to speak
and speak frankly.
I havennown Hugh Cameron
Brown for a period of more than
twenty years. My first memory of
Mr. Brown dates back to 1932
when, at the age of four, he near-
ly burned our garage to the ground
by smoking three cigars behind it.
The local newspaper seized upon
this item and published notice of
it, along with Hugh's name, on
page 8. Ever since that day Mr.
Brown has been an avid seeker of
personal publicity. No act is too
daring, no feat too difficult for
Mr. Brown to perform in his con-
tinual search for notoriety.
I can remember back to the 4th
of July parade when Hugh let the
air out of the tires of the mayor's
parade convertible. And then there
was the time that he appeared for
high school commencement in a
bright red cap and gown and once
more got his name in the news-
paper. But his greatest moment
came in the Rialto Burlesque The-
ater in Chicago when, in answer to
a request from the stage, he vol-
unteered to waltz with a voluptu-
ous cooch dancer. He performed to
the satisfaction of the audience,
but was so reluctant to leave the
limelight that he had to be remov-
ed forcibly by two irate stagehands
and a deputy sheriff who happen-
ed to be present.
But never in my wildest dreams
could I have imagined that Mr.
Brown, in his thirst for publicity,
would publicly praise the food in
the West Quad. I have had to apol-
ogize for Hugh in the past and so
I must again. I am not angry, just
terribly, terribly hurt.
-Archie M. Brown
Wait for Watery Soup
GREECE -- "Weary, hollow-
cheeked, dull-eyed students line
up here for hours outside the
hostel canteens to receive their
daily ration of watery soup," ac-
cording to "Universities in Need,"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
4:15 p.m., Foundation.
matinee on Sat., 2:30. Lydia Men-
delssohn Theater. Special student
rates for Wed. and Thurs. nights,
and Sat. matinee. Tickets on sale
10 a.m. to 5 p.m., - Mendelssohn
box office. Call* 6300 for reserva-
Sociedad Hispanica Lecture: Mr.
Emiliano Gallo-Ruiz. "Picasso, An
Interpretation" (illustrated). 8
AIEE-IRE presents VIr. Robert
J. Morrison, personnel director,
Peerless Cement Company. "Mak-
ing a Success of Your Job After
Graduation." Meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
348 W. Engineering Bldg.
Michigan Arts Chorale: Regular
rehearsal, 7 p.m., Rm. B, Haven
Hall. Details at meeting about
concert Mar. 14. All members must
bring eligibility cards, including
those who are taking it for credit.
Union Student Offices: Tryout
smoker and staff meeting, Rm.
3-D, Union, 7:30 p.m.
Square and Folk Dance Club:
7:30 to 9:45 p.m., Women's Ath-
UNESCO Council: Meeting, 7:30
p.m., Lane Hall. Semester pro-
gram to be established.
(Continued on Page 5)
Washington Merry- Go -Round
WITH DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-It looks as if the U.S.
attorneys, some of them hitherto phleg-
matic about prosecuting income-tax frauds,
were now getting to work.
On January 20 this column published the
sordid details of a hold-up scheme by which
five Internal Revenue agents in New York
City shook down federal taxpayers who
either had violated the tax laws, or else
wanted to avoid tax argument.
We cited dates, names and places regard-
ing these shakedowns, and raised the ques-
tion as to why this type of fraud had not
been prosecuted. One of those named, in-
cidentally, was William A. Ganey, chief of
the fraud squad of New York's third In-
ternal Revenue collection- district, and a
friend of certain high-up Democratic poli-
Finally, on March 3, the five men were
ACHESON PASSES DEADLY TEST
A TALL MAN with an elegant mustache
and a soft, cultured voice went through a
special variety of hell in a tiny, smoke-filled
Senate room the other day.
Dean Acheson, the Secretary of State, sat
before the mighty Senate Appropriations
Committee and an intent audience.
The test began when urbane Sen. Styles
Bridges of New Hampshire casually asked:
"Mr. Secretary, what do you consider a
security risk?" Everyone in the room knew
Bridges' "security risk" was Alger Hiss. An
Assistant Secretary of State looked anxious-
ly at his boss. Acheson's expression was a
be-nice-to-senators look, but his voice was
cold as he answered: "We have regulations
on this matter."
Minutes later, Bridges was back again
with a smooth "would you say that a friend
of a known Communist would be a security
"Yes," the Secretary said, quietly, "I think
probably so." He parried the thrust and was
on guard again for the next one.
"Would you say a friend of a person who
is a member of a Communist front organ-
ization would be a security risk?"
Acheson, still in the low, cool voice, said,
"It all depends on whether the person would
know what his friend was up to."
Senator Bridges was playing the role of
the charming lawyer trying to draw the
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Leon Jaroff.......... Managing Editor
Al Blumrosen.............City Editor
Philip Dawson....... Editorial Director
Mary Stein..........Associate Editor
Jo Misner..HL .........Associate Editor
George Walker.......Associate Editor
Don McNeil..........Associate Editor
Wally Barth......Photography Editor
Pres Holmes.........Sports Co-Editor
MerlesLevin...... .Sports Co-Editor
Roger Goelz.Associate Sports Editor
Lee Kaltenbach....... Women's Editor
Barbara Smith...Associate Women's Ed.
Joyce Clark........Assistant Librarian
Roger Wellington.... .Business Manager
Dee Nelson.. Associate Business Manager
Jim Dangl........ Advertising. Manage~r
Bernie Aidinoff....... Finance Manager
Bob Daniels...... Circulation Manager
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