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May 20, 1949 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1949-05-20

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0

THE EDITOR'S
NOTE
See Page 4

Y

Latest Deadline in the State

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4n 444,4*6brp
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CLOUDY, COOL

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VOL. UX, No. 164
Legi slative
Battle Looms
Over Funds
Fate of 'U' Budget
To Be Decided
By The Associated Press
The Senate and House may
clash today over University of
Michigan appropriations as legis-
lators dash to meet today's ad-
journment deadline.
The fate of University requests
for $12,500,000 in operating ex-
penses will be hanging in the bal-
ance as the Legislature works 4v-
erishly to clean up its unfinished
business.

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MAY 20, 1949

PRICE FIVE CENTS

rI~aa m

Vim V cum a O

Ask End to Grants
For Red Scholars
Senators Demand Investigation of
Missing Cylinder of Uranium-235
WASHINGTON-(0P)=Aroused senators moved yesterday to bar
Communists from Atomic Commission scholarships and to hold a
public 'investigation into the disappearance of a tiny cylinder of
uranium-235.
There was nothing to indicate that Communists had anything
to do with the disappearance, but Chairman McMahon (Dem., Conn.)
of the Senate-House Committee on Atomic Eenergy said:
"Quite frankly, there are several aspects of the matter with
which I am not -satisfied and which obviously need vigorous attention."
* * * , *
HE ANNOUNCED he would propose a public hearing of the
incident, which occurred at the Argonne National Laboratory in
-Chicago.

SOURCES HERE expect tha
the Senate Finance Committe
will pump for higher grants to th
University and Michigan Stat
College, in opposition to th
House's earlier budget slashes.
Senate committee members
had indicated support of the
University's full request after
President Alexander G. Ruth-
ven warned them Tuesday that
a budget cut would mean either
raising tuition or cutting stu-
dent enrollment by 3,000.
Earlier the House of Represen-
tatives had passed an appropria.
tions bill which whittled the Uni
versity's request by $1,500,000.
A row between the two houses i
almost certain if the Senate com
mittee tries to restore the cut ir
funds.
* * *
IN HIS FINAL plea for the re-
stored budget request this week
President Ruthven declared tha
"the University simply canno
carry on its work at the figure ap-
proved in the House bill."
And Vice-President Marvin L.
Niehuss told the Committee that
increased funds were needed be-
cause wealthier educational in-
stitutions are "raiding" the Uni-
versity's underpaid faculty
members.
Yesterday the Senate Finance
Committee was reported holding
back the appropriation bill for the
University and MSC until other
money bills were out of the way.
AFTER RESTING, loafing and
working on inter-chamber dis-
putes yesterday, the Legislature
will reconvene at 10 a.m. today
and adjourn sometime later. It
may be necessary to stop the clock
to keep the Legislature's adjourn-
ment pledge, because a long ses-
sion is in prospect.
Government
Rests Case in
Red Hearing
NEW YORK-The Government
rested its conspiracy case against
11 top American Communists yes-
terday-123 days after the his-
toric, strife-tossed trial began -
and the judge said he thought the
Government's proof was "rather
clear."
When the prosecution rested,
Judge Harold R. Medina dismissed
the jury to hear motions from op-
posing attorneys. The defense im-
mediately touched off one of the
bitterest arguments in a trial no-
table for such clashes.
DURING THE wrangle one of
the defendets, Eugene Dennis,
declared the Government was "un-
able to prove a single overt act'
against the defendants.
Medina in reply told the de-
fense:
"I think the proof is rather
clear. I am at a loss as to what
you can argue to show that the
Government has not made out a
prima facie case."
Medina reversed a previous rul-
ing that the defense must present
all of its, motions attacking the
Government's case yesterday and
begin presentation of its evidence
today.
He said he would permit argu-
ment today.
THE JUDGE also agreed to hear
argument today for dismissal of
the case on the ground that tes-
timony of the seven FBI informers

who went on the stand for the

UAW Asks
For Doubled
Negotiation
DETROIT - (P) - UAW presi-
dent Walter Reuther threatened
last night to break off all talks in
the Ford strike if the company
does not agree to simultaneous
contract negotiations.
Reuther issued his ultimatum at
a mass meeting of an estimated 14
thousand Ford workers at the
State Fair Coliseum.
* * *
HE PROPOSED that bargaining
on the contract begin next Mon-
day. The earliest date for contract
reopening was May 15.
The company has said it is not
prepared to start contract talks
before June 1-and then only ifj
the strike has been settled. I
Reuther suggested two methods
for conducting the double bargain-
ing sessions: 1. by devoting alter-
nate full days to each subject. 2.
by dividing each day equally be-
tween the strike and contract.
* * *
THE UNION president charged
that Ford's failure to enter into
contract negotiations at this time
"would be in clear violation of the
letter and spirit of the existing
contract, and even of the National
Labor Relations Act."
The company, he continued,
"has a statutory, natural and
mordI duty to bargain collec-
tively and now upon the con-
tract."
Earlier, a mediation official said
that the Federal Government
would enter the strike talks for
the first time today.
ARTHUR C. VIAT, Detroit Re-
gional Director for the Mediation
and Conciliation Service, made
the announcement in telegrams to
Ford Motor Co. and the CIO Unit-
ed Auto Workers.
Top representatives of Ford
and the Union met again yester-
day for the ninth time in across-
the-table talks and recessed at
3 p.m. until 10 am. today.
As the fruitless five-hour session
ended John S. Bugas, Ford Vice-
President, announced that the
company had wired Viat request-
ing his immediate entry into the
negotiations.
World News
Round-Up

Meantime Senators shot angry
questions at David E. Lilienthal
over the award of federal money
to Communist students and told
him flatly: It has got to stop.
Lilienthal is chairman of the
Atomic Energy Commission.
Senator O'Mahoney (Dem.,
Wyo.) served the warning on Lili-
enthal at a heated session of the
Senate appropriations subcommit-
tee which is considering the AEC's
request for $1,090,000,000 to spend
in fiscal 1950.
SENATOR McMAHON'S call
for a public hearing on the miss-
ing U-235 mystery came on the
heels of a three-hour secret dis-
cussion yesterday in which the
Congressional Atomic Energy
Commission closely questioned
AEC chairman Lilienthal and his
aides.
After last night's meeting,
McMahon issued a lengthy, in-
volved statement on what hap-
pened to a missing cylinder of
the atomic material.
The statement did not make it
clear exactly how the tiny portion
of U-235 disappeared or how six-
sevenths of the missing material
turned up in another "drum," as
he called it.
* * *
THE STATEMENT said the U-
235 would be "of no value for use
in an atomic weapon" and that
the FBI indicated there was no
espionage involved in the case.
Today, McMahon told the
Senate that the joint Congres-.
sional Committee is continuing
to dig up "first-hand facts on
this matter," and he said: '
"When our investigation is com-
plete, it is my belief that open
hearings should be held."'
'U' Economist
To Get Award
'ORT' Will Present
Plaque to Prof. Haber
Prof. William Haber of the eco-
nomics department, will receive
the first annual award of the
American ORT Federation in New
Ycrk City Saturday night, theAs-
sociated Press reported.
A long-time consultant to the
U.S. Social Security Board and
until recently adviser on Jewish
affairs to former American Occu-
pation Commander in Germany
General Lucius D. Clay, he will re-
ceive a handsome silver plaque
during special ceremonies that
night.
* * *
THE ORT (organization for re-
habilitation through training) se-
lected Prof. Haber from an eligi-
ble list of 100 eminent Americans.
"His work is reflected in the
lives of thousands who are more -
stable and secure and because
his own life was devoted to
them," the citation said.
The presentation will be one of
the highlights of the ORT's na-
tional convention Saturday and
Sunday.

Russia Lifts
Berlin Road
Restrictions
British Notified
Rule Temporary
BERLIN - (lP) - The Russians
temporarily lifted their Helmstedt
traffic restrictions last night and
permitted backlogged trucks from
West Germany to flow again to
West Berlin.
The Russians notified the Brit-
ish, however, that the order ap-
plied for one night only and the
restrictions will be reimposed to-
day.
THUS, THE RUSSIANS will still
require all Western German trucks
with cargoes for Western Berlin
to carry approval papers from the
Soviet zone.
All three Western military
governors immediately protested
to Gen. Vasily Chuikov, Soviet
commander in Germany. They
accused the Russians of violat-
ing the New York agreement
which resulted in the lifting of
the blockades last Thursday.
The agreement restored condi-
tions to those effective March
1, 1948.
The British conceded earlier,
however, that the Russians have a
right to license freight barges op-
erating between West Germany
and West Berlin on waters of the
Soviet zone. They applied for such
licenses for 100 barges.
SEVERAL HUNDRED trucks
carrying food for Berlin passed
through Helmstedtin a little
more than an hour. A dispatch
from Helmstedt said that by 11
p.m. the checkpoint was quiet and
deserted, except for guards.
Maj. Gen. George P. Mays,
deputy U.S. military governor,
said he was glad to hear that
the Berlin-bound traffic was
allowed to start up again at
Helmstedt after being stopped
for two days.
"But the Russians informed me
by telephone this afternoon they
intended to allow through only
the traffic that was backlogged
and, after that, would insist on
having Soviet zone documentation
for each subsequent truck," Hays
said.
"THIS MAY MEAN that the
traffic will flow for about 10 hours,
and their restrictions will go in
force again."
British authorities sent to So-
viet headquarters 100 applica-
tions for permanent inter-zonal
passes for freight, barges.
This departs somewhat from an1
old Western policy regarding
freight movements- between Ber-1
lin and the west zones, which are
separated by 100 miles of Soviet-
occupied territory. Until now,i
Britain, the United States and1
France have insisted on free
movement of cargoes so long as
they bore Western licensing.
St. Mary's To
Hold Breakfast
St. Mary's Student Chapel will
hold a special communion break-)
fast Sunday celebrating the 25th
anniversary of the completion of
the present chapel and launching
a fund-raising drive for the con-
struction of a new student center.
The breakfast will be held at

9:30 a.m. in the Union, Featured1
speaker will be Fr. Joseph Scheid-;
er, director of the youth depart-;
ment of the National Catholic;
Welfare Conference in Washing-;
ton.
Preceding the breakfast a spe-
cial mass will be celebrated at 8j
a.m. in the chapel by Bishop Allen;
J. Bacbock of Detroit. Bishop Bab-
cock served as student chaplainc
here from 1927 to 1942.;

CIO

To Q it Executive Boar

.4'

.-Daily-Wally Barth
RECEIVES HONORARY DEGREE-Vice-President Alben W. Barkley, center, receives an honorary
doctor of laws degree from Michigan State Normal College at Ypsilanti after addressing more than
2,000 students, alumni, faculty and guests of the college as part of its centennial celebration. Eugene
B. Elliott, left, former state superintendent of public instruction and president-elect of the college,
confers the degree.
* * i* * * * * *
lBarkley Says U.S. Will Keep A -Bomb

Left

Wingers

Asked

By PETE HOTTON
Vice-President Alben W. Bark-
ley told Michigan State Normal
College's centennial observance
yesterday that there is little
chance the United States will soon
share the secret of the atom bomb
with other nations.
"We can't afford to divulge the
secret until peace is assured
among all nations," Barkley said.
"What a glorious and wonderful
Court Decision
Speeds School
Building Pflan
A Michigan Supreme Court de-
cision upholding a Detroit tax
millage increase plan yesterday
prompted Ann Arbor school off i-
cials to "proceed just as fast as
they can" on the $7,975,000 public
school building program, according
to a local source.
The ruling voided a Wayne cir-
cuit court decision that only prop-
erty owners should have voted on
the tax boost. Local school ad-
ministrators had feared the Wayne
decision would invalidate their
similarly conducted building elec-
tion.
SCHOOL Superintendent Otto
W. Haisley declared the school
board is "driving hard" to com-
plete preliminary arrangements
prior to the setting of dates for
the acceptance of construction
bids and the sale of $5,800,000 in
bonds.
Hebwas hopeful that ground
will be broken sometime this
summer for the first of the new
buildings.
According to a schedule made
by the board before the- election,
a southwestern elementary school
and a southeastern junior high
school will be ready for use by
September, 1950.
* * *
IN ADDITION, the plan calls
for erection of a new wing to
Slauson Junior High School by
September, 1952, and completion
of a new senior high school 'two
years later. - ,

thing it would be if mankind could
set aside all its prejudices and
hatreds and sit down at a council
table and make atomic energy con-
structive rather than destructive."
EDUCATION HAS moved to-
ward greater knowledge, tolerance
and equality of the people of this
country, and the government must
keep up with this pace until all
countries have equal knowledge
and rights leading to peace in our
time, he declared.
In six countries behind the
Iron Curtain, where a godless
and ruthless ideology is deeply
entrenched, there is a complete
absence of freedom of religion,
speech, assembly-all the rights
that Americans cherish, Barkley
said.
The vice-president emphasized
that there are elements in this
country that are seeking to infil-
trate into Congress and overthrow
our freedom of thought.
RIGHT NOW the trial of the
Awards Given
For Service
Committee Honors
Students for Activities
Seven students have been grant-
ed awards totalling $475 by the
Student Award Committee.
Funds are granted by the com-
mittee to aid students who have
been of outstanding service to the
University through activities.
Students recognized by the com-
mittee are Henry Allis, Jo Bell,
Virginia Campbell, Antone Mom-
sen, James W. Root, Betsy Viner-
iatos and Craig Wilson.
The Student Award Committee
was established in 1941 as a means
of recognizing students who have
exceptional records in extra-cur-
ricular activities.
Funds for awards are gathered
chiefly from student organizations.
No applications are made for the
awards, which are made annually,
or semi-annually.

11 who attempted this is an ex-
ample of our work in preventing
this infiltration, he said.
Barkley called upon all col-
leges to further the principles
of democratic freedom which
will create universal under-
standing among students, and
help fight such infiltrating
groups.
All worlds, he added: " agricul-
tural, economic educational, so-
cial-must march toward creating
constructive, not destructive
work, for a greater democracy and
intellectual peoples-and the prog-
ress of the last century will join
this century and other centuries
in leading to the intellectual peace
of the world.
* * *
AFTER HIS address, Barkley
was conferred with an honorary
doctor of laws degrees by Eugene
B. Elliott, president-elect of
MSNC. Elliott will be inaugurated
president of the College at the cli-
max of the three-day celebration
tomorrow.
Earlier in the day, a mile-long
parade was disbursed by a ter-
rific downfall of rain, soaking
all participants and leaving the
attractive floats a sodden and
faded mass. But students were
undaunted, for they were given
a three-day holiday from classes
for the celebration.
Other events of the observance
were the dedication of the $1,-
000,000 John D. Pierce Adminis-
tration Building and a judging
of the best beards at the College,
grown by students since Christ-
mas. Awards went to the "long-
est beard," the "most unusual,"
the "neatest" and one for the
"best try."
IFC Sing Will Be
Held Sunday Night
The IFC Sing, postponed twice
because of rain, will be held at
7 p.m. Sunday, May 22.
If the weather permits it will
be held in front of the General
Library; otherwise the Sing will
go on in Hill Auditorium. The pro-
gram will remain unchanged.

Murray Says
Policy Def iers
To Be Ousted
Locals Urged To
Elect Anti-Reds
WASHINGTON-VP) -The CI,
Executive Board last night ended
a stormy three day meeting by
asking all dissenting left wing
board members to resign.
CIO President Philip Murray
grimly warned that if Communist
line CIO leaders continued to defy
such CIO decisions as endorsing
the Marshall Plan they will be
kicked out.
* * *
THE BOARD also called upon
CIO unions represented by left
wing board members to oust them
)s board representatives.
This amounted to asking these
unions to remove their leaders
and elect anti-Communist men
instead, since most board mem-
bers are union presidents.
The resolution calling for resig-
nations of the left wing board
members, approved 29-6, criticized
the dissenting minority for defy-
ing CIO constitutional provisions
ind convention policies.
* * 4'
BUT MURRAY made it clear
the hot battle was over Commi..
nism.
"It is a Commuiptic situa-
tion," he said, "and it is one that
must be dealt with at the CIO
convention in Cleveland, of
course;"
Murray said that' If th' Iit
wing board members don't quit
following Communist Party tac-
tics the convention, to be held
next October, will be asked to
authorize their removal.
Murray said the CIO is making
steady progress in beating down
Communist influence within the
CIO. iA 1940 the "voting situation
was about evenly divided," he said,
but now the left wing element has
less than 10 per cent of the 0's
dues paying membership.
MURRAY ADDED he was sure
the left wing CIO leaders do not
reflect the wishes of the members
of their unions.
Acheson Says
No Bartering'
Of U.S. Gains
WASHINGTON-(P) - On the
eve of his departure for the Paris
Big Four conference, Secretary of
State Acheson sternly declared
last night he would refuse to "bar-
ter away" to Russia successes al-
ready scored by the West in re-
building a democratic Germany.
He warned the American people
against "the luxury of either un-
due pessimism or premature op-
timism" as to the outcome of the
new East-West talks. No one can
tell now whether the Paris meet-
ing will succeed or fail, he said.
ACHESON ISSUED a statement
on his Paris policy after a closed
session with the Senate Foreign
Relations Committee to which he
explained in detail what amounts
to a "no compromise" attitude to-
ward dealing with the Russians.

His declaration made emphat-
ically clear that he would not
make concessions which in his
opinion would extend Russian
influence into the Western Ger-
man Zone.
The Secretary of State, who will
leave for the French capital this
noon summed up his approach to
the new Council of Foreign Min-
isters session in these words:
"We shall neglect no real oppor-
tunity for increasing the area of
solution and tranquility in the
world. At the same time we shall
not barter away successes achieved

By The Associated Press
fLONDON-Russia said yester-
day she had offered to help settle
the civil war in Greece on condi-
tion that military aid by foreign
powers to the Greek government
be ended and new elections held.
WASHINGTON -Administra-
tion forces halted a Republican=-
led economy drive for the third
straight time yesterday as the
Senate rejected GOP moves to
slash a $1,465,000,000 Agriculture
Department appropriation.
,* * *
SHANGHAI - Shells from the
battlefront fell in Shanghai yes-
terday for the first time and it ap-
peared time was drawing short for
this greatest city in Asia.
* * *
MUNICH-Bavaria rejected yes-
terday the constitution for a West
German Republic but said if the
other 10 states in the western oc-
cupation zones approve it will not
stay out of the new government.
* * *

NOTED CZECH LECTURES AT 'U':
Benes Says European East-West Trade Needed

By DON McNEIL
Vaclav Benes, former member
of the Czechoslovak Diplomatic
Service said yesterday that trade
with the West is a necessity if the
central European country is to
maintain its standard of living.
Benes, nenhew of former Czech!

said, "and has exported 70 per
cent of its output to the West."
"These items were glass works,
toys, musical instruments, and
other goods which are saleable
only to the West."
"Russia requires only simpler
g-nds, sch as rails and less tech-

* * *

0 I

Czech people would like to trade
with us, but the choice is not theirs
under a police state," he said. "It
is not even the Czech Commu-
nists who will decide since they
rely on international Communist
support and are therefore obedi-

government. They were in ma-
jor government positions."
"While the West could go back
and reconsider its position, Cze-
choslovakia had to continue to be-
lieve in the sincerity of the Rus-
sians."

U

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