See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LIX, No. 159 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MAY 14, 1949
PRICE FIVE CE
Rip Holland Tunnel
NEW YORK-(iP)-Explosions and fire from a heavily-loaded
chemical truck ripped through the Holland Tunnel yesterday, mangl-
ing a line of trucks and filling the tunnel with poisonous gas.
Eighty drums of carbon disulphide, highly toxic andL infiamable,
went off with a series of cannon-like blasts.
Burning chemicals showered down on other trucks and cars and
turned a large section of the underwater tube into a raging inferno.
Thirty persons-mostly firemen-were overcome or hurt by falling
chunks of concrete ceiling.
COMMUNICATIONS LINES-telephone, telegraph, television and
radio arteries which also go through the tunnel-were broken.
Several drivers were blown from their vehicles. There was a
mad race on foot for exits.
on Late Rally
(Special to The Daily)
COLUMBUS-"Lefty" Hal Mor-
.41 broke out of a prolonged
batting slump yesterday, with a
double and a single to pace the
Michigan Wolverines to an 8-(
triumph over the Ohio State
The lanky outfielder blasted his
two-bagger in the eighth inning
to drive in the tying and even-
tual winning runs that gave the
Wolverines their fifth conference
victory in nine starts.
RIGHTHANDER BILL TAFI
made his first appearance in sev-
eral weeks for Michigan but was
driven from the mound in the
fourth when Alex Verdova
slammed a home run with one on
and Ray Gebhardt followed with
Walter "Bud" Rankin took
over the Wolverine pitching at
this point and went the rest of
the way to rack up his second
Big Nine victory.
J;,ack McDonald started the
Michigan scoring in the second
by leading off with a single. Mor-
nil forced hin asecond but-raced
all the way to third when the
shortstop threw wide at first. Bob
Wolff then stepped up and laced
out a triple to drive in the first
run of the game. He later scored
on Hal Raymond's flyball.
THE BUCKEYES knotted the
score in the third on Verdova's
four-bagger, took a 6-2 lead in
the fifth when the Wolverine de-
fense fell apart.
After shortstop Bob Weygant
had walked, Verdova grounded
to McDonald, and the big first
baseman dropped the ball in an
attempt to throw to second with
both runners being safe. Ray
Gebhardt singled to load the
Rankin then hit catcher Nor-
bert Ranz to force in Weygant
for the first marker. First base-
man Fred Taylor popped up, but
See MORRISQN, Page 3
Reds Drive on
Isolation of Key City
Seen with Advances
SHANGHAI - (P) - The Com-
munists were driving hard yester-
day towards Shanghai's last air
and sea links with the world -
Lunghwa Airport and the Woo-
sung Harbor entrance.
Explosions could be heard
throughout the day as Shanghai's
more than 5,000,000 residents
plodded about their business
thorugh a muggy rain.
THE CHINESE Nationalist gar-
rison said the blasts were due to
demolitions at the outskirts, where
defenses were being erected.
Airline pilots said that from
the air they could see small-
arms fire a scant ten miles from
Lunghwa, which is ten miles
south of the center of Shanghai
(and only four miles from the
On the northwest the Reds'
closest approach appeared to be
near the village of Tainsang. This
is about 20 miles from Shanghai
and somewhat less from Woosung.
* Rescue squads carried a number
of persons from th great $48,000,-
000 tunnel, which inks New York
and New Jersey under the Hudson
IN SOME cases rescuers them-
selves were overcome and had to
be carried out by others.
All traffic was stopped for five
hours as clouds of smoke and
chemical fumes spread through
ventilators into the other tube.
As the smoke and fumes clear-
ed, the inside of the tunnel was a
mass of tangled truck wreckage
and huge chunks of six-inch con-
crete from the tunnel ceiling.
* * *
FIREBOATS above scanned the
water, to see if bubbles appeared
to indicate a break in the tunnel
But Austin Tobin, executive
director of the Port of New York
Authority, which operates the
tunnel, said there was no break-
He said that in spite of the
shattered appearance of the tube,
traffic could go through while re-
pairs were being made.
Meanwhile officials said the
truck that caused the trouble was
loaded well above the limits set
by the authority fr shipment of
this particular chemical.
BERLIN - (5) - Substitute the
word depression for blockade and
you have Western Berlin's eco-
nomic problem today. The block-
ade is lifted, but erlin is down.
The Russian siege of almost 11
months threw Berlin into a cycle
of acute business depression. Now
both money and supplies are
* * *
WITH THE lifting of the block-
ade Thursday, hopeful Germans
began speculating on the possi-
bility of a quick removal, of ra-
tioning. German economic offi-
cials said this cannot be done and
gave these reasons:
Rationing should be main-
tained until sufficient surpluses
are established. This may not
be achieved for some time. Un-
til there is a free flow of goods,
business cannot get the stimula-
tion it needs to start the eco-
nomic pendulum swinging to-
O. S. Curran, Chief of Com-
merce and Industry branch of the
Berlin Sector U.S. Military Gov-
ernment, explained the key prob-
SHORTAGE OF MONEY. The
capita availability is 250 marks
($75) in Western Berlin, little
mnore than half the buying power
reported in Eastern Berlin. ....
New Bid for
By The Associated Press
Detroit Ford and union leaders
talked hopefully of peace last
night as negotiators in the ten-day
old Ford strike broke up until
A new union proposal to end
the crippling walkout of 65,000
Ford employes was laid on the
table , after company men dis-
cussed it for nearly three hours.
They asked a recess in negotia-
tions until 12:30 p.m. today (CST)
to study the plan.
Meanwhile, from Washington
came indications of Federal in-
terest in a strike which has
maimed the entire Ford empire,
throwing into idleness an estimat-
ed 10,000 proluction workers.
Mediation Director Cyrus S.
Ching told both sides that if prog-
ress toward a settlement is not
reported within a "resasonable
period," he will enter the case in
the public interest.
He sent identical telegrams to
Walter Reuther of the CIO-UAW
and Henry Ford II, but failed to
note what he considers a "reason-
The Federal Mediation Service
usually enters cases at the request
of one or both parties. This time
no request has been made.
Ching commended both sides for
recognizing that they have the
primary responsibility for peaceful
relations and not the government.
At the South Bend, Ind., Bendix
Aviation Corporation Plant, nego-
tiations in its 3-week-old strike
were recessed indefinitely after a
conference late yesterday after-
It was the first conference this
week between representatives of
Bendix and the CIO-UAW, which
had been meeting separately wtih
Federal mediators since Tuesday.
And in Rochester, N.Y., Harry
J. Klinger, of Detroit, General
Motors vice-president and gen-
eral manager of its Pontiac, Mich.,
division, asserted the strike
against the Ford Company had no
effect as yet on Genral Motors.
By The Associated Press
U.S. efforts to recapture Ger-
hart Eisler, who skipped the coun-
try with two prison sentences
hanging over his head, seemed to
be thwarted yesterday by the cap-
tain of a Polish ship on which the
Communist futgitive stowed away.
A radio report from the vessel
quoted the captain, Jan Cwiklin-
ski, as saying "I will land him in
Gdynia." Gdynia is a Polish port
where the Batory is headed after
it reaches Southampton.
RICHARD YAFFE, the CBS
correspondent aboard the ship
said he then asked the 47-year-old
skipper what he would do "if the
U.S. requests delivery of Eisler at
Southampton?" He reported the
"1lhe American a*uthorities
must take that up. with the Pol-
ish Diplomatic Service. I can do
nothing without permission
Dispatches from London said
the British attitude, as reflected
by authorities at Southampton, is
that a stowaway becomes a legit-
imate passenger as soon as he
pays his fare. As such, the British
said, he would be entitled to com-
plete the journey for which he
Leaving his 37-year-old Polish
wife behind, Eisler fled as a stow-
away on the Batory May 6.
The Justice Department an-
nounced that Mrs. Eisler was re-
arrested in New York yesterday
morning and held for deportation.
She had been at liberty, without
bond, on charges of being in this
" .ir . .**.. .. . .. ,U p e B d
'' To Consider
NEVER SAY DIE-Members of the Phi Gamma Delta tug-of-war team give out with the old college try as the waters of the Huron
swirl higher around their legs. The Phi Gam's watery predicament was caused by a group of husky Delta Tau Deltas at the other
end of the rope. Previously a group of East Quad stalwarts had shared the same fate at the hands of their West Quad opponents.
The "pull," held yesterday at the Island was sponsored by the Senior Swingout Committee. A parade led by the Fiji marching band
and a police escort attracted several hundred spectators for the event.
* * *
* * *
Delts, West Quad Win in Tug-of-War
By DAVIS CRIPPEN
Attracted by a motorcycle escort
and the Fiji band, several hun-
dred people saw the Delta Tau
Delta and West Quad tug-of-war
teams win their respective con-
tests yesterday at the island.
Victims of the Delts was a Phi
Gamma Delta team while West
Quadders vanquished a team of
their traditional East Quad rivals.
THE SCHEDULED potato-sack
race between Mosher and Stock-
well failed to come off when neith-
er team showed up. /
The belts, winners in the fra-
ternfty division of this Senior
Swingout sponsored affair, took
their victory levelheadedly.
Speaking for his brothers Gil
Schubert, '50, said, "We're glad
we won. We're going to retire
our cup, uh, our keg of beer
right now in the right manner."
Dick McWilliams, '51, anchor-
man for the losing Phi Gams,
thought he knew the reason for
Physicist Claims Elements
Developed in Ten Minutes
The 96 elements which make to-
day's world were formed in ten
iinutes, according to Dr. George
Gamow of George Washington
Speaking last night under the
auspices of the astronomy depart-
ment, the noted nuclear physicist
expounded the theory that 3,000,-
000,0000 years ago the universe
collapsed and came together from
WASHINGTON - (P) - Joyce
Hayes, 21 and pretty, walked into
the White House today carrying a
little brown jug.
It was a jug of water for Presi-
dent Truman. She presented it to
Secretary Matthew J. Connelly.
It was, she explained, some of
the "world's best water," pumped
from Lake Huron into Saginaw,
Mich. The city is celebrating the
opening of its new water system
and she is the "water queen."
Joyce was accompanied by Mrs.
Minnie Schwinger, Michigan's
Democratic National Committee-
infinity into a mass of moving
* * *
WITHIN A TEN-minute period,
the high temperatures necessary
for this unstable condition cooled
and the elements were formed, he
Stars and galaxies formed
during the 30,000,000 years fol-
lowing this initial period, he
noted. "To a small degree they
are still being formed today,
astronomers beleive," he added.
Planets are made as by-products
of stars, Dr. Gamow continued.
THE MOON'S CREATION was
the result of a sizeable earth split
a few billion years ago, he said.
The Pacific Ocean may have
sprung from the scar left by this
separation, he added.
The 3,000,000,000-year evolu-
tion theory is supported by geo-
logical evidence of the earth's
age, he said. Studies of radio
active elements also bear out
the theory, he said.
Oft-seen stellar explosions occur
when a star has used up its en-
ergy, Dr. Gnaow exclaimed. How-
ever, he reassured the audience
that the sun, the star most con-f
cerning us, isn't likely to burst for
many billions of years.
his team's loss. "We were pulling
uphill most of the way, but that
doesn't detract from the power of
the Delt team."
* * *
COMMENTING ON West
Quad's victory, team member Carl
Guse, '51E, said he and his team-
mates "sure felt glad to win." Se-
cret of his side's success, Guse felt,
lay in the fact that "We beat 'em
to the pull and they landed in the
A spokesman for East Quad,
who preferred to remain name-
less, would only say of the con-
test, "I heard that there were 15
men on the other team and 10
men on our team," and then
add ironically, "but I'm sure
that can't be true."
The apparent consensus of
spectator opinion was voiced by
Dick Osborne, '51, when he said,
"Everybody enjoyed it." However,
both Osborne and Don Brown,
'51E, thought "it would be a good
idea if they got more people out."
The coveted Cooley Cane was
presented last night to Ellsworth
J. Renier, '49E, by Sigma Rho Tau,
stump speakers society at its 20th
The cane is a symbol of excel-
lence in speech and service to the
cause of engineering speech.
Another award which was pre-
sented at the banquet was the
Tung Oil Crown, which went to
Prof. William S. Housel of the
civil engineering department for
his impromptu speech on the sub-
ject of "Why I Switched From
High Button Shoes."
Other speakers were Prof. Don-
ald C. Douglas of the department
of mechanism and engineering
drawing who spoke on "What is a
duplex oscillator thermocouple
stearographic gnomic dnynano-
metor used for?"
By The Associated Press
pay hike for the nation's armed
forces won unanimous approval
of the House Armed Services Com-
mittee yesterday despite rising
Congressional clamor for govern-
Chairman Vinson (Dem., Ga.)
said all 28 Committee members
voted for the measure after he
read a letter of endorsement from
Secretary of Defense Johnson, who
also said the Budget Bureau re-
ported President Truman himself
had no objection.
ROME - The Italian News
Agency Astra said yesterday in
a dispatch from Vienna that
Josef Cardinal Mindszenty has
suffered a mental breakdown.
The Astor dispatch was quoted
by the Vatican radio. There was
no official confirmation any-
* * *
DUBLIN, Ireland - An esti-
mated 100,000 irate Irishmen last
night jammed downtown Dublin
and heard their leaders condemn
Britain's position on the N'ew
The meeting was called to pro-
test the Ireland Bill now before
the British House of Commons.
The bill guarantees that Northern
Ireland can stay out of the new
Republic until those six counties
vote to join up.
* * *
LONDON -- British voters
handed the ruling Labor (Social-
ist) Party another setback in
returns yesterday from City
Council elections, while Winston
Churchill's Conservatives scored
By JIM BROWN
House Republicans yesterday
rammed through a $1,500,000 slash
in the University's budget request.
However a $500,000 grant to
make a start on an Outpatient
Clinic at University Hospital was
voted by the Senate, according to
the Associated Press.
Expected to cost $2,500,000, the
Clinic is intended as the first step
toward an expansion of the Uni-
versity's Medical School. Spon-
sors contend that the Clinic would
relieve space at the Hospital and
permit training of more doctors
at an early date.
* * *
MEMBERS OF THE Senate Fi-
nance Committee which drafted
the bill said they expected a fight
with the House over some portions
of the measure and were certain
that it would have to go to .a
House-Senate Conference Com-
mittee next week to settle the dif-
Standing by their "hold the
line" policy of no new taxes and
$2,000,000 in budget cuts, the
House Republicans also voted a
proportional cut in the Michi-
gan State budget request.
Democrats earlier sought to re-
store the 'U' appropriation to $11,-
800.000 as recommended in Oov-
ernor Williams' budget.
N * -
-THE RESTORATTON attempt
was made by Rep. John P. Young
(D-Flint), a University alumnus.
Vaking his plea on the eve of the
voting deadline, he declared the
extra money was needed "to help.
the University maintain its place
among other universities of the
On straight party-line voting,
however, the House retained the
Ways and Means Committee's
proposal for a $10,986,315 figure.
University officials had asked
The measure still must be pass-
ed by the Senate and Lansing
sources have stated that a com-
promise bill may be worked out
between the two houses.
EARLIER, PRESIDENT Alex-
ander G. Ruthven had stated that
the University "could not possibly
balance its budget" on the basis
of the allowance which was pass-
ed by the House today.
The only alternative would be
to increase student fees to meet
expenses, he declared.
Just how much the tuition in-
creases may be will probably not:
be determined until after the Sen-
ate takes action on the bill.
By UNS Group
LAKE SUCCESS - () -- An
American-backed plan for cutting
up Italy's old colonial empire
among Britain, France, Italy and
Ethiopia was approved yesterday
by the United Nations Political
The vote was 34 to 16 on the
plan that grew out of British-
Italian talks in London 'last week.
* * *
Top Navy Post
WASHINGTON - ( ) -Francis
Patrick Matthews, Nebraska law-
yer and businessman, is President
Truman's choice to succeed John
L. Sullivan as Secretary of the
The nomination of the promi-
nent 62-year-old Roman Catholic
Layman went to the Senate yes-
terday. It came as military and
Congressional circles still buzzed
with Sullivan's wrathful resigna-
* * *
THE DATE OF Sullivan's re-
tirement had been left to him. Two
FIRST COME, FIRST SERVE BASIS:
Landlords File THE 59-NATION general as-
OR O 8 e sembly is expected to act finally
on the project late today or per-
haps as late as Monday. A two-
Rent orm1s third vote is required for Assembly
approval and some of the majority
Approximately 100 local land- backers said confidently, "It's in
lords have picked up petition ap- the bag."
nao Russian scheme for inter-
plications for proposed "fair net" nA.n rui ve he fInter-
natinalrule over the African
operating incomes," since they empire Mussolini lost in the war
were first available May 3, accord- was beaten by the Committee.
ing to W.W. Hamilton, Ann Ar- This plan would have given the
U' Co-ops Offer Open Membership