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February 10, 1949 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1949-02-10

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Fo r w ardSt ep

FOLLOWING a recent wave of attacks
from all quarters, Michigan fraternities
have finally stepped out of their shell and
taken the lead in a crusade to remove their
discriminatory clauses, the focal point of
the majority of the attacks upon them.
The action is particularly commendable
in that it marks one of the first spont~ane'
ous movements in the country on the part
of fraternities themselves to actively com'
bat an institution which has drawn un-
F reined criticism for years.
of particular significance is the clause in
the recently passed IFC resolution which re-
quires the committee which has been set up
to fight discrimination to submit a complete'
report at the-end of this semester and then
continue its work until completed. This
clause is conclusive evidence that the fra-
ternities have designed the committee to
* constructively investigate the methods of
removing discrimination and that it is not
r just a stop-gap measure.
But it should not be expected that this
committee will work any immediate mir-
acles. The problems faced by Michigan
fraternities are the problems faced by fra-
ternities all over the country-the prob-
lem of powerful and prejudiced alumni
groups and the problem of large numbers
" of southern chapters whose sense of social
R responsibility has been perverted since the
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily'
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

institution of slavery. We cannot expect
the IFC committee to remove these age-
old obstacles to the elmination of dis-
crimination overnight.
It can be hoped, however, that the com-
mittee can achieve several immediate goals.
First, it can determine just how many fra-
ternities have discriminatory clauses and
how many have started proceedings to get
rid of them. Second, it can investigate the
greatest obstacles to removing these clauses.
Third, it can study similar problems and at-
tempted solutions in other universities, in-
cluding a. thorough study of the Amfherst sit-
uatibn. Fourth, it can submit a plan to each
fraternity and the national inter-fraternity
convention proposing the removal of dis-
criminatory clauses through their national
The results of this committee's work will
'probably not seem too concrete for some
time-possibly not for two or three years.
But it probably will not be due to the com-
mittee's inactivity. Rather it will be due
to the Slow process of ratifying a consti-
tutional - change through the national
headquarters. And in some fraternities
the solution may take even more time,
due to the strong opposition from southern
But the IFC's action, no matter how long
it may take, is a real step forward. Campus
fraternities have taken the lead in a cam-
paign which is completely their own prob-
lem: Whereas any outside group would prob-
ably receive a cold reception in any attempt
to investigate fraternity constitutions, this
IFC committee will have the cooperation of
every campus chapter
-Jim Brown


.........____ ._. __ ,.__r .. __ f

Mirror, Mirror

MICHIGAN'S FRESHMEN lovelies stood
staunch yesterday as their claims to
pulchritude were being dynamited away by
angry freshmen coeds at Western Reserve
University-where collegiate newspaper fea-
ture editor Morton Kanter spoke words not
heard often enough on this campus:
"Michigan coeds are the fairest of all,"
he said.
Despite faint local grumblings about "Four
out of Five . . . the Fifth goes to Michigan,"
and "Three to one, who's got a chance any-
way," the struggle will undoubtedly be cli-
maxed by a woman to woman combat on
the Michigan-Ohio line. Whizzing lipsticks
will blacken the air and anti-Chanel No. 5
gas masks will be used.
Never underestimate the power of a wom-
an-the foray will put to shame the Norman

Conquest and the Eisler hunt for unmiti-
gated bloodshed.
Only one last hope remains for saving
our coeds and those of WRU from the
Elysian fields: Arbitration by a neutral
panel of experts.
The University's regulations against se-
lecting queens on campus would surely not
interfere with a full scale report and deci-
sion replete with pictures or sketches of
representative coeds by model agency ex-
ecutives or other purveyors of the woman
Then when the decision is announced,
editor Kanter would be free. WRU coeds
would take their baseball bats to the arbi-
trary panel!
I -Craig H. Wilson.

United Utopial
TOM DEWEY issued another al lr iitv
this week, this time in his own party.
But there was a lot of logic in what he had
to say. It is fundamental in our political
system that two partiesV ar nIV es (:t-fy, mIn
order to keep the party il power ider
The elections proved that, l i' poe
want action on social pohlelus 4it of t eh'
natio ial goverliietl. but how i'm a . n
exactly when was not hidicatd. '1w Veni
ocratic Party won that elcticn beause
the people were convinced that they w xmld
get action from a eicinocratic reginme nor
easily than they would from the Repub--
The danger in socialistic e 4)eruimnt n
however, as has been proven in Earope, lies
in the denial of political rights which brve
usually followed the gantin of economi
Under the check and balance ystem of
the United States, providing we have a
strong "go slow" minority, it i poslhie that
we can come as close to Utopia as it is pos-
sible to get, and keep both types of rights.
So long as there is a minority party in office,
we have the check.
But if the RYepublican Party contines
down the disgraceful path begun at
Omaha, when it tried to throw the burden
of its faults on the Presidential candidate,
and. advocates the privileges of mimorities
over the rights of the majority, rather
than accepting certain basic New Deal
palcies which the people have already ac-
cepted, we are truly in danger of a ine-
party potentially totalitarian state.
While the people will accept slowness, re-
action is becoming o t-dated, and thlut mi-
nority has as much chance for survival as
the proverbial snow hal in hell.
-DoinN MvNeil
I'd Rather Be Right:
Our Unemnploy/ed
WONDER if there i..anybody aroundt ' ho
still believes ia the old, prs-Rooevelt a-
gument that unemployment is due to some
kind of moral delinquency on tme Ia rt of te
About 700,000 Americans lost their jobs
in January, aecording to the Census BIu-
reau. If moral delinquency is the reason,
sloth, unwillingness to work, inebriety,
etc., it is very strange that 700,000 citizens
should have been so grievously stricken in
the psyche all in the same month. Must
be cosmic rays, or something.
Obviously, these 700,000 citizens are as
helpless against the trend as 700,000 gallons
of water in a spring flood. Their virtue has
almost nothing to do with their continuance
in their vocations. They are riding a trind
which was clearly ioVesewti months (nO by
many economists and business men. ''icre
is no way in which these new unemployed
could, by the exercise of any personal quali-
ties whatever, have avoided, as a group,
what is now happening to them. They are
completely helpless human beins.
That is why, as I have said before, the
chief question of our day is the almost un,
spoken one: Who is going to pay for the
deflation? These 700,.100 are paying for
it now, paying a tax of 100 perent of their
incomes, less whatever benefits, usually
small, they may receive as unemrovnment
compensation. But the deflation is a na-
tional experience. The bill for it, should
be justly charged to the nation. It is,
morally, as absurd to make these 700,000
pay for the deflation by themselves as it
would be to select 700,000 other citizens at
random and tax them to pay for the hay-
lift which is today rescuig the snowbound
ranchers of the West.

And these are the blameless unemployed.
I think even in the old days we used to feel
there was a moral challenge in unemploy-
ment, which is why we used to comfort our-
selves with the theory that the unemployed
were lazy, shiftless, stupid, wasteful and un-
kind to their children. The indictment let,
us sleep. We had to be unjust to te unerm-
ployed to make the univer;e rem just.
But we can't let ourselves off so easily this
,time. We know that the unemployed are
helplessly riding a trend, like a roller-
coaster; they can't stop and they can't get
And whereas during the Hoover defla-
tion we asked each other merelAy: "What
can we do to help the unemployed a lit-
tle?" in this deflation we must ask deeper
questions: "Why should there be any un-
employment at all? Row can we stop it?"
The answer to unemployment is jobs. In
a country which is so scandalously at the
mercy of wind, weather, erosion and flood,
there is more than enough work to be done.
President Truman has budgeted almost no-
thing for the purpose of providing work, but
he should reconsider and budget again
There is one mcre point. It We do not,
adopt some such program we may soon find
ourselves the only large country with unem-
ployment. Thatt we cannot t elemate. That
we just can't let happen, a< this stage of the
world argument, no matter rwha, the price.
(Copyrighl, 1949, New Yor P ;,'C i rp rati IA
The fact is that American ste(l production
has not yet revived from the stagnation of
the 1930's. If the industry had rebuilt at the
rate at which it expanded from 1884 to 1934,
itm - oni -mild hp n ? um ilor. 51;11 11

C: N >
7'6 'wy;'

44 IMĀ£ PL I& L.&~
"..,q w w.ra 'wr


1low to Iunreaucracy

"N. 'e

PASSAGE of a measure designed to give
President Truman sweeping powers to
reorganize executive department agencies by
the House of Representatives is a step for-
ward in the struggle for an efficient, effec-
tive national government.
As the report of the Hoover Commis-
sion shows, our present executive depart-
* nent is plagued by myriads of overlapping
agencies and by a lack of clear-cut lines
of authority and responsibility. This sit-
uation undoubtedly results in unnecessary
governmental expenditures at the same
time that it hampers the efficiency of
* our government in performing the services
a expected of it.
* Perhaps one of the most important of the
e Commission suggestions to receive House
approval is that which would establish a def-
inite "chain of command" running from
R the President through the department heads
and down to the subordinate units. For
many years successful industrial and mili-
9 tary organizations have made use of this
"chain of command" principle to insure that
all officials and subordinate employes know
* exactly what they are responsible for and
over whom they are to exercise authority.
* Adoption of this principle by the govern-
Sment should lead to improvements both in
morale and efficiency.
The measure passed by the House would
permit Congress to veto Presidential reor-
ganization proposals within a 60 day
period. This veto power is in line with our
democratic traditions which allow our
frequently elected legislatures to have the
final say regarding executive action in
most cases. Let us hope that Congress
will use a considerable amount of discre-
tion in applying this veto power, as indis-
criminate use of it could stifle the whole
purpose of the reorganizational program.
Certain agencies, such as the Interstate
Commerce Commission and the Securities
and Exchange Commission have been ex-
empted from most of the provisions of the
reorganization plan. This exemption can
be justified because of the unique position
of many of these agencies. They perform
legislative and judicial functions along with
The Communists intend to use the peace
conditions and the black lists to reshape the
face of China. There has been much mean-
ingless controversy over whether China's
Communists are full-fledged Stalinists or
merely agrarian democrats. Stalin himself
nourished the illusion of their democracy by
telling the American envoy, Donald Nelson,
that Chinese Communists were "like rad-

Not i h Chailge hI Temperature


- At

Ltters to the Editor...

their administrative duties, and would hard-
ly fit into the "chain of command" set-up
recommended by the Hoover Commission.
The plan, if adopted, can surely improve
the efficiency of our government at a time
when world affairs demand that the gov-
ernment of this nation be most effective.
For this reason alone it would be justified.
At the same time, the plan should result
in substantial savings in the cost of gov-
ernment. This is quite important at a
time when many people are concerned
twith the effects of mounting government-
al expenditures.
The welfare of the nation and the world
makes it almost imperative that the Senate
follow the House's example and add if,
stamp of approval to the recommendations
of the Hoover Commission.
-Paul Brentlinger.
I e
Loo king cj
The 1900 Junior Hop was declared "not
a brilliant affair" by The Daily. Only about
175 couples showed up to a gymnasium
decorated in colors of blue anal an orange
"that would have done credit to the Uni-
versity of Illinois."
Five students were burned out of their
rooms when a local house caught fire. The
students rescued their books but lost all
their clothes and other personal property.
The University announced the enrollment
for the second semester of 600 students in
the Literary College, 275 in the Engineering
College and 91 in the Law School, the high-
est in Michigan's history.
The University beat the U.S. Naval Train-
ing Detachment from Detroit 67-7 last night
in basketball.
,After July 1, (1919) it will be "See Amer-
ica Thirst."
Stephen Leacock, internationally known
humorist and educator, will speak at Hill
Auditorium tonight on "Frenzied Fiction."
The governor of Michigan said that if
he had the authority he would immediately
appoint Paul V. McNutt as president of the
Thousands thronged St. Peter's Cathedral
in Rome to mourn the death of Pope Pius
+ X I.

(Continued from Page 2)
lost the scholarship for academic
reasons may apply to Mr. Ivan
Par'.er, Office of Student Af-
fairs, 1020 Administration Build-
ing, for consideration on rein-
statement of scholarship provid-
ed a significant improvement has
been made in academic record. All
petitions must be filed by Feb. 18,
MIlademoiselle's College Fiction
Contest: Information has been
recei'. ed r a iding Mademoiselle's
college fiction contestoffering
$1,000 in prizes to women under-
graduates. Details may be secured
in tle Office of the Dean of Wom-
Katharine Gibbs School an-
nounces two Memorial Scholar-
ships for the year 1949-50aconsist-
ing of full tuition, with a special
course for college women, and a
cash award of $300. Applications
are considered on the basis of
acadiemic record, personal qualifi-
cations and fitness to benefit
from secretarial training. Appli-
cations must be filed by April 1,
1949. Further information is
av-ailablee in [he Office of the Dean
of Wonewil.
Summer Jobs:
Detroit Civil Service announces
examinations for playleaders
(male and female) for summer
playground work. Filing period
through February 18. Residence
required. For further information
call at 3528 Administration Build-
i g.
Representative from Camp
Daggett (Organizational), Petos-
key, Michigan will be here Sat-
urday morning, February 12 to in-
terview men and women for gen-
eral counselor positions. Split ses-
sion-boys four weeks, girls four
weeks. For further information
and appointment, call at 3528
Administration Building.
Mr. C. O. Nimtz, Deputy Re-
gional Scout Executive, Chicago,
Illinois and Mr. J. Juncker, Ann
Arbor Executive of The Boy
Scouts of America will be at the
Bureau of Appointments, Febru-
ary 10, to interview men interest-
ed in Scouting as a profession.
For appointment, call Extension
The Schools of Modesto, Cali-
fornia are in need of a number of
teachers for Kindergarten and
First Grade. These positions will
start in September 1949. For fur-
ther information, call at the Bu-
reau of Appointments, 3528 Ad-
ministration Building.
The Children's School of the
Vassar College Summer Institute
is offering teaching assistantships
to college students who have ma-
jored in Child Study, Child Psy-
chology or Home Economics whose
undergraduate work included
practice teaching at nursery
school or primary level. For fur-
ther information, call at the Bu-
reau of Appointments, 3528 Ad-
ministration Building.
Academic Nouices
lDoctoral Examination for Rob-
ert Creighton Crooks, Chemical
Engineering; Thesis: "Reaction
Rates in Sulfonation of Benzone
by Sulfuric Acid," 4 p.m., Thurs.,

Feb. 10, 3201 E. Engineering Bldg.
Chairman: R. R. White.
Seminar in Applied Mathemat-
ics: 4:15 p.m., Thurs., Feb. 10, 247
W. Engineering Bldg. Prof. C. L.
Dolph will speak on "Eigenvalue
problem for non linear Sturm-
Liouville systems." Coffee.
The University Musical Society
announces the following artists
and organizations for the fifty-
sixth annual MAY FESTIVAL (6
concerts) which will be held in
Hill Auditorium May 5, 6, 7 and
PIA TASSINARI, soprano, Met-
ropolitan Opera Co.; SHIRLEY
RUSSELL, soprano, Royal Co-
vent Garden Opera; GLADYS
SWARTHOUT, contralto, star of
opera, concert and radio; TANN
WILLIAMS, Welsh-American
contralto; SET SVANHOLM,'ten-
or, Metropolitan Opera; HAROLD
HAOGH, American tenor; MAR-
TIAL SINGHER, baritone, Met-
ropohltan Opera; ERICA MORINI,
SKY, Violoncellist; and BENNO
EUGENE ORMANDY, conductor,
associate conductor; UNIVERSITY
SON, guest conductor, and LES-
TER McCOY, associate conduc-
US, Marguerite Hood, conductor.
All season tickets, not previously
ordered, are now on sale at the
offices of the University Musical
Society in Burton Memorial
Student Recital by Patricia
Pierce, pianist, at 8 p.m., Thurs.,
in the Rackham Assembly Hall,
in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the degree of
Master of Music. Her program
will include compositions by Bach,
Beethoven, Aaron Copland, and
Maurice Ravel, and will be open
to the general public. Miss Pierce
is a pupil of Joseph Brinkman.
Events Today
International Center weekly
tea for all foreign students and
American friends, and get-ac-
quainted tea for all new students,
4:30-6 p.m., Thurs., Feb. 10, In-
ternational Center. Hostesses:
Mrs. Robert P. Briggs and Mrs.
Esson M. Gale.
Michigan Crib, Pre-law Society:
Meeting, 7:45 p.m., Architecture
Auditorium. Circuit Judge James
R. Breakey will discuss the career
of a Justice of the Court as "the
Judge Looks Down."
Gilbert and Sullivan Society:
Organizational meeting, 7 p.m.,
Thurs., Michigan League, for all
persons interested in working on
the forthcoming production of
"Patience." Singers, actors, musi-
cians, stagehands, technicians of
all sorts are needed. Principal
tryouts will be signed for.
Arts Chorale (Literary College
Chorus) : First meeting of semes-
ter, 7 p.m., 506 Burton Tower, to
plan for spring concert. Positions
open for men and women singers.
Forester's Club: 7:30 p.m. Kel-
logg Auditorium. An illustrated

The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publiation in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the Wrter's signature and address.
Letters esceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
densing letters.
Religion Courses
To the Editor:
TOO BELIEVE that the Ex-
ecutive Committee of the Lit-
erary College should be commend-
ed for their proposal to increase
the number of offerings in relig-
ious courses under the Degree
Program; however, I am disap-
pointed that the expanded pro-
gram will fall short of a depart-
ment. The history of the Degree
Program shows that it rises and
falls with cooperation extended to
it by the several departments. The
only way to guarantee adequate
intellectual treatment and effi-
ciency of administration is to
grant it full departmental status.
It would also encourage the men
in the department to give scholar-
ly treatment and conduct re-
search. I too believe that religion
courses should be kept free from a
proselyting approach or any se-
tarian 'stigma. If such a depart-
ment worked in close cooperation
with other departments through
joint study committees and cross
listing of certain courses, there
would be no room for suspicion
of sectarian treatment. In addi-
tion under a department there is
more room for expansion of the
program and offering' survey
courses and electives.
Allow me to recommend the
program offered at North Car-
olina. Under a departmental pro-
gram ,there are twenty offerings,
giving broad intellectual, non sec-
tarian treatment. The faculty has
been chosen on the basis of schol-
arship, and are paid out of the
University funds. The subject
matter covers (1) Biblical litera-
ture, history, and theology, (2)
the N~S ory of religion in Western
Civi ia~ln, (3) Biblical languages
and' textual study, (4) religion in
other cultures, (5) certain courses
in philosophy, English and soci-
ology are cross listed and taught
by men from both departments.
talk will be given by two students
on .their trip to India to study
Falconry for the National Geog-
raphic Society. All are welcome.
La p'tite causette: 3:30 p.m.,
Grill Room, Michigan League.
U. of M. Rifle Club: Meeting, 7
p.m., ROTC range. New members
Alpha Phi $)mega: First meet-
ing of the semester, 7 p.m., Michi-
gan Union. All former members
are urged to attend. Prospective
pledges invited at 7:45 p.m.
I.Z.F.A.: Conducted tour ex-
plaining the "Know Your Israel
Week" display at Hillel Founda-
tion, 7:30 p.m. Everybody wel-
Young Democrats: Election of
officers, 7:30 p.m., Garden Room,
Michigan League. Members only.
Art Cinema League presents
"The October Man" at 8:30 p.m.
Thufsa ,Fri., and Sat. at Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. Box office
opens 3 p.m.
Coming Events
Geological -Mineralogical Jour-

nal, Club: First meeting of the
second' semester, 12 noon, Fri.,
Feb. A1, 3054 Natural Science
Bldg. Dr. F. Gordon Smith of the
Dept. ofGeological Sciences of the
University of Toronto will speak
on "Hypothetithermal Ore De-
posits." At 4:15 p.m. in 2054 N.S.,
Dr. Smith will speak on "Phase
Changes in Magmas." All inter-
ested persons are invited.
Zeta Phi Eta, Professional
Speech Arts Fraternity for Wom-
en: Initiation service and ban-
quet,-- 5, p.m., Feb. 11, League

Dr. Nash who is head of the de-
partment visited our campus sev-
eral years ago and endorsed the
degree program. In a recent in-
terview I had with him (in De-
cember) he stated that he could
never have developed the pro-
gram he has if he had not been
given a department. He is very in-
terested in seeing that the new
program at Michigan is given de-
partmental status.
-Allen K. Wildman.
* *
Comment Needed?
To the Editor:
[ HAVE A FRIEND, recently
drafted, who wrote the follow-
ing letter:
"Had a pretty fair trip down
here. Came down in Pullman cars
and we were served excellent food
on the train.
"I was rather disgusted at the
induction station. I saw the first
example of intolerance there. All
Negro inductees were assigned to
Camp--and all white induc-
tees went to Camp-. When this
was announced by the sergeant, I
was talking to a colored boy. I
could see his disgust at the situa-
tion, and I was rather embar-
rassed as soon as it was an-
"The enclosed paper is another
example of intolerance in the
Army. These were issued to us
during our processing at the in-
duction station. We were instruct-
ed that any member of any or-
ganization listed would have to
sign an affidavit annuling your
membership. During the process-
ing the girl that was typing my
forms out asked me if I were a
member of any of these organiza-
tions, and asked me to sign a
paper saying no. At first I refused
to sign, protesting to the dan-
gerous inclinations of such an act
of the Army. I then spoke to the
officer in command and he told
me that if I refused to sign, I
would be 'subject to five years in
jail, so I signed. That's quite a
choice isn't it. You have to go
to the Army, and if you happen
to be a member of one of those
organizations you go to jail no
matter what, unless you think the
way they want you to think.
"Well, it's getting rather late.
Lights out in about 10 minutes, so,
write soon. Tell me what's going
on. Hope to see you after Basic
Is it necessary to comment on
President Truman's plans for Uni-
versal Military Training, or his
refusal to write an executive or-
der abolishing Jim Crow in the
Armed Services?
-Alfred Milistein.



3tI 3jf

Fifty-Ninth Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Harriett Friedman ...Managing Eidtor
Dick Maloy............City Editor
Naomi Stern ........Editorial Director
Allegra Pasqualetti ...Associate Editor
Al Blumrosen.........Associate Editor
Leon Jaroff ..........Associate Editor
Robert C. White ......Associate Editor
B. S. Brown...........Sports Editor
Bud Weidenthal . .Associate Sports Ed.
Bev Bussey..Sports Feature Writer
Audrey Buttery.......Women's Editor
Mary Ann Harris Asso. Women's Editor
Bess Hayes ..................Librarian
Business Staff
Richard Hait .......Business Manager
Jean Leonard .... Advertising Manager
William Culman ....Finance Manager
Cole Christian ...Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
Subscription during the regular
school year by carrier, $5.00, by mail,

Graduate Education Club Val-
entine Mixer: 9 p.m., Fri., Feb.
11, Rackham Assembly Hall. Stu-
dents, faculty, guests. Dancing,
cards, and refreshments.
German Coffee Hour: ,Friday,
3-4:30 p.m., Michigan League
Soda Bar. All students and fac-.
ulty members are invited.


-.._ C6jy ++, ig49, Ftsw York Sfgt 6.
*jot +F

See what a wonderful big bed
y you have, Barnaby! You'll go

Now don't you fret,
Mrs. Boxsr. Our

' -hopo

C~Ml~l U

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