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May 01, 1949 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1949-05-01

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See Page 4


Latest Deadline in the State

:43 a t t49


VOL. LIX, No. 148



I I ___________I________4___

Trains Ready
As Blockade
Lifting Nears
Progress on Date
By The Associated Press
BERLIN -Plans were complete
to the last detail in Western Ger-
many last night for resumption of
traffic to Berlin-just in case of
a May Day announcement from
Moscow on the blockade.
Informal talks with Russia on
ending the blockade were under-
stood yesterday to have progressed
to the question of details, such as
RUSSIA IS SAID to have reas-
sured the Western powers that it
is fully prepared to drop the Ber-
lin barriers if the West will end
its counter-blockade and schedule
a four-power meetingon Germany.
A Hamburg dispatch said West
German railways were ready to
start 30 freight trains a day to
Berlin. Officials said they could
get 20 trainloads of coal to the
city within 24 hours after being
given the green light.
Heightening a feeling of opti-
mism, the Russians in this divided
city granted two Brtish demands
with such cordiality that it repre-
sented almost a complete change
of attitude.
THEY PROMISED not to inter-
fere again with canal traffic in
Britain's sector. They also re-
turned, with an apology, three
British military policemen seized
yesterday during a raid on a Brit-
ish-occupied farm.
The two incidents first had
Western authorities puzzled -be-
cause, while Soviet representa-
tives were discussing with Amer-
loans the lifting of this city's
10-month blockade, Russian of-
ficials on the erlin level ap-
peared to be acting in an un-
friendly manner.
Meanwhile in New York the
President of the United Nations
Assembly, Dr. Herbert V. Evatt,
said yesterday he expected "early
lifting" of the blockade.
THIS BACKED UP officially
views expressed by a number of
UN delegates, who are pleased at
the progress of secret East-West
Dr. Evatt added that this action
would not cover all disputes among
the great powers, but would clear
the ground for a fresh approach
to the peace settlements for Ger-
many and Japan.
West Battles
Red Bloc on
NEW YORK-MP)-The Russian
bloc and the West fought as usual
in the United Nations Assembly
yesterday over the trials of
churchmen behind the iron cur-
The Assembly approached a
vote on the iron curtain trials in
an extraordinary Saturday ses-
sion, the first such meeting here
at this spring assembly.
The battle hinged on the trials
and convictions of Josef Cardinal

Mindszenty .of Hungary and of 15
Bulgarian Protestant ministers.
The United States has charged
that human rights were violated,
but the American delegation de-
cided the best course now is to
take it up under the peace trea-
ties with Hungary and Bulgaria.
Andrei Y. Gromyko, Soviet Dep-
uty Foreign Minsiter, has at-
tacked the West at every turn for
backing the case in the UN. He
said the trials are an internal
matter and not the business of
the UN.
Regents Adopt
Four Memoirs
Memoirs to two former faculty
members and a former governor
and regent were approved by the
Board of Regents yesterday.
Chase S. Osborn, former gov-
ernor of Michigan and regent of

* * *
Inte rpreted
By Niebuhr
Prof. Reinhold Niebuhr outlined
the basic dimensions of Christian-
ity yesterday at the opening ses-
sion of the Michigan Student
Christian Convocation at Rack-
"These dimensions are the love
of God dealing with the ultimate
mystery and meaning of our ex-
istence and the social meaning
of our existence and the social
meaning ,of our life with our fel-
owmen," he explained.
ordered by the love illustrated in
the commandment, "Love thy
neighbor as thyself." Actually we
have to take care of the evils
which arise from a twisted idea of
love, he declared.
"Instruments of community
such as government, property,
trade unions and balance of
power are used for justice but
not for pure love," Prof. Nie-
buhr emphasized.
The professor pointed out that
the Protestant church takes one
of two alternatives to answer the
problems arising from these evils.
* * *
"IT MAY PAY no attention to
the use of these instruments in
establishing imperfect justice or
it may turn to sentimentalism," he
He illustrated this point with
pacifism whcih claims schemes
of justice are not necessary.
"Pacifists declare that univer-
sal love will take care of every-
thing. But they fail to consider
the self-love of men and nations
which makes justice rather than
pure love necessary."
* * *
A SOLUTION to the problem
lies in recognition that wars, tax-
ation and balance of power come
actually from each person. The
evils of capitalism are not simply
the faults of the properties class,
he said.
"All schemes of justice must be
subordinated to the laws of love.
A true community of love will
come only when a spirit of for-
giveness on the part of all per-
sons exists," he concluded.
Tolman To Deliver
Psychology Talk
Prof. E. C. Tolman of the Uni-
versity of California will speak on
"The Nature and Functioning of
Wants" at the Psychology Collo-
quium 4:15 p.m. Monday in Lane
Hall Basement.
Prof. Tolman has done work in
experimental psychology and an-
imal behavior and has written
several books, the last of which
was "Drives Toward War" in 1942.

To Key Labor
Bill Accepted
AFL, CIO Agree
With Democrats
HOUSTON, Tex. - () - An
agreement was reached Wednes-
day at an al-night meeting of
AFL and CIO officials with ad-
ministration leaders in Congress
to accept three vital amendments
to the Lesinski Labor Bill, the
Houston Chronicle said yesterday.
President Truman attended the
meeting during the early part of
the evening, the Chronicle said.
* * *
ROBERT C. Tucker, chairman
of the Harris County Democratic
Executive Committee, reported to-
day on his return from Washing-
ton that he attended the meet-
ing. He declared the decisions
reached there will be presented to
congress by Speaker Sam Ray-
burn when the house reconvenes
Tuesday, the Chronicle said.
Tucker refused to either ad-
mit or deny that President Tru-
man attended the conference,
the newspaper said.
The amendments which the la-
bor leaders and Democratic con-
gressional leaders agreed to ac-
cept, according to Hucker, are:
* * *
GRANT THE President power
to halt strikes by court injunction
in the interest of public welfare.
Require union officials to sign
pledges that they are not mem-
bers of the Communist party.
Require unions to issue financial
Tucker said after the agreement
had been reached between the top
union officials and the congress-
men, the union heads called their
official membership in Washing-
ton into meetings at 9 a.m. Thurs-
day. Both the AFL and CIO
groups approved the agreement,
according to Tucker.
SPEAKER Rayburn and House
Majority Leader McCormack (D-
Mass.) attended the night meet-
ing, Tucker said.
Tucker said administration
congressional leaders are confi-
dent the compromise agreement
will be accepted and passed in
the house.
Meanwhile a new three-step
compromise for handling national
emergency strikes was offered yes-
terday as the House took a week-
end breather in its furious labor
bill debate.
A board hearing, a Presidential
order and, if necessary, resort to
the courts are included in the
proposal advanced by Rep. Jacobs
(D-Ind.) who has figured actively
in the memorial legislative battle.
Appoint New
Dean at Olivet
OLIVET-(P)-A new dean will
help carry out educational reforms
at Olivet College.
He is Joseph D. Bennett, pro-
fessor of English who today was
appointed dean, replacing James
F. Mathias.
Mathias, whose resignation is
effective June 30, is leaving to
take a position with the Guggen-
heim Foundation.
He said his resignation was not
prompted by recent internal dis-
sension at the school.

He and Bennett were members
of a faculty committee which re-
cently revamped the school's tu-
torial system. The new system is
scheduled to go into effect this

I New Chiefs Named

As Men's


Disqualifies Four
Evidence Points to Delta Upsilon;
Two Candidates Plan To Appeal
Charging "obvious fraud," the Men's Judiciary Council disquali-
fied four student government candidates yesterday because ballots
bearing their names were stuffed in the engine arch ballot box.
But at least two of the candidates have decided to appeal their
cases. The Men's Judiciary Council will have to decide where the
appeal will go, Bill Reitzer, '51L, Council President, said, indicating a
re-trial may be necessary.
* * * *
ALL FOUR CANDIDATES were members of Delta Upsilon frater-
nity and circumstantial evidence presented by the Council indicated
that the fraternity was guilty of stuffing the box. But the Council
didnot directly accuse them."4

'Fraud' Charged

-Daily-Alex Lmanian
Jaro ff, Wellington HeadDailyStaff

Leon Jaroff, '50E, 22, of Detroit,
was named managing editor of
The Daily for 1949-50 and Roger
Wellington, '50E, of Ann Arbor,
was appointed business manager
yesterday by the Board in Con-
trol of Student Publications.
Alfred Blumrosen, '50, 20, of
Detroit, and Philip Dawson, '50,
20, of Ann Arbor, were named

Daily city editor and
rector, respectively.
* * *

editorial di-

PRES HOLMES, '50, 20, of De-
troit, and Merle Levin, '50, 20, of
Detroit, were appointed co-sports
editors. Carl Roger Goelz, '50, 22,
of Detroit, was selected associate
sports editor.

Left Wing, AntCommunist
groupsCelebrate May Day

By The Associated Press
Communists and left-wing labor
groups all over the world will hold
traditional May Day celebrations
today but they face considerable
competition from anti-Communist
In the United States, demon-
strations were staged yesterday in
some cities while others will have
World News
By The Associated Press
LONDON-Britain's billion dol-
lar gas industry passes into the
hands of the government today,
socialism's international May Day
It is the seventh major industry
nationalized by the Labor Party
since it came to power in 1945.
* * *
ed Nations Commission for In-
donesia reported yesterday that
continued Guerrilla fighting in
a large part of the former Re-
publican territory had limited
Dutch control to "only the main
towns and roads."
* *, *
Grande flood waters which have
taken 12 lives this week broke
through a large levee yesterday
and spilled over hundreds of
OTTAWA, Ont.-The Canadian
Parliament was dissolvde tonight
and new elections called for June
Prime Minister Louis St. Laur-
ent, just back from a tour of West-
ern Canada, decided the present
moment offered the best chance
of returning his National Liberal
Party to power.
* * *
Lewis, in a mild and polite
statement yesterday, accepted
the southern coal operators' in-
vitation for separate negotia-
tions toward a new contract.
WASHINGTON - The air de-
fense of the central Pacific will
rest entirely on naval and marine
aviatio nafter next month. The

them Monday. "Loyalty Day" pa-
rades far outnumber left-wing
celebrations in this country.
IN EUROPE and other sectors
abroad, the observance generally'
will be on May 1 which was des-
ignated as an international labor
holiday by an International So-
cialist Congress in 1889.
New York loyalty parades led
by Secretary of Labor Maurice
Tobin, Frances Cardinal Spell-
man and James A. Farley
stepped down gilded Fifth Ave-
nue on the stretch adjacent to
Central Park.
On the west side of Manhattan,
left-wing groups marched down
Eighth Avenue to Union Square
in a "May Day" parade, one of
whose themes was a demand for
"a peace pact wtih the Soviet
Union instead of the Atlantic war
* * *
THE LOYALTY demonstrations
were originated in New York by
the Veterans of Foreign Wars in
1946 to counter the left-wing
The loyalty groups also held
parades in Brooklyn and Phila-
delphia yesterday.
Vice-President Alben W.
Barkley will speak today at a
Polo Grounds rally in New York
sponsored by the Roman Cath-
olic archdiocese to pray for
peace and protest injustices of
"God-hating Communists."
Also on today's program is a
New Orleans anti - Communist
rally at which Catholics will pray
for conversion of Russia.
LOYALTY celebrations are
planned for tday as well in New
Jersey and Los Angeles, Calif.
In Detroit, Henry A. Wallace
is to speak at an afternoon Pro-
gressive Party meeting.
In'Russia, Moscow's Red Square
will be the scene of the traditional
parade and display of military

Mary Stein, '50, 20, Wayne,
George Walker, '50, 20, of High-
land Park, Craig Wilson, '50, of
Fair Haven, and JoAnne Mis-
ner, '50, 21, of East McKeesport,
Pa., were named associate edi-
The 'Ensian editorship went to
Jeannie Johnson, '50, 21, of Royal
Oak. Lynn Gutenberg, '50, 20, of
Detroit, and Pete Craighead, '50,
22, of Milwaukee, were named as-
sociate editors.
THE 1950 GARGOYLE staff
will will be directed by Brian
Duff, '50, 22, of Saginaw, editor,
Norm Gottlieb, '50, 21, of De-
troit, associate editor, and Martha
Heinrich, 'SOEd., 20, Detroit.
Other Daily appointments in-
include Miriam Cady, '50, 20, of
Detroit, women's editor and Lee
Kaltenbach, '50, 20, of Saginaw,
associate women's editor.
Daily business staff appoint-
ments are Barnard Aidinoff,
'50BAd., Newport, R.I., finance
manager, Jim Dangl, '50, Grand
Rapids, advertising manager, and
Robert Korff, '50, of Grand Rap-.
.ids, associate business manager..
Five Killed as
Tornadoes Hit
Three States
By The Associated Press
A series of spring tornadoes
flailed Texas, Oklahoma and Kan-
sas yesterday, killing at least five
persons, injuring 85, and dam-
aging property up to $2,000,000.
The swirling storms destroyed
buildings, smashed automobiles
and uprooted trees. Many of the
twisters were accompanied by tor-
rential rain and baseball-sized
* * *
THE DEATHS were at Norman,
Meeker, McLoud and Utica, Okla-
homa and Bonham, Tex., in addi-
tion, a fifth man is missing at
Norman, home of the University
of Oklahoma.
The name of the Norman
victim, a national guardsman,
was not released by the guard.
The latest tornado reported was
at Utica, 15 miles southeast of
Durant in southeastern Oklaho-
ma. Newt Pruitt, 30, was killed
when a small tornado struck his
farm house. His wife, 28, was crit-
ically injured.

Nor was guilt pinned on the
candidates, but the Council dis-
qualified their votes because
"the circumstances of their elec-
tion is contrary to the best in-
terests of student government."
The decision was reached in a
closed session and revealed in a
Statement of Decision, wtih two
of the Council's seven members
* * *
CANDIDATES disqualified were
Thomas Sparrow, '52, running for
SL and Morgan Ramsey, '50BAd,
candidate for Union vice-presi-
dent for the Combined Schools,
both of whom told The Daily they
will appeal.
Others were Robert Vogel,
151E, and James Morse, '52E,
candidates for engineering jun
for and sophomore class presi-
dencies respectively. Neither
could be reached to state wheth-
er they will appeal.
Barring the results of appeals,
Sparrow's seat on the SL will be
taken by James Storrie, '51E, who
got the highest vote of the un-
selected SL candidates, Duane
Nuechterlein, '50BAd, chairmanof
the SL elections committee re-
SL Candidate Sparrow told
The Daily "I had no knowledge
of any campaign irregularities.
. . . those who should be pun-
ished are those who cast the
fraudulent votes, not the can-
didates who had no knowledge
of these irregularities."
Don Calhoun, IFC member who
placed fraternity poll watchers,
told The Daily, "I feel that the
candidates have been unduly pun-
ished for the misdemeanor of
some stupid, unthinking voter."
* * *
THE EVIDENCE, as stated by
the Council, follows:
All 44 bad ballots were cast
for one of four candidates, all
of them DU's.
All the bad ballots were cast at
the engine arch, where DU's were
on duty all day, mainly engaged
in punching blots and- placing
them in the box. These attend-
ants were assigned their posts by
a DU who was in charge of plac-
ing IFC attendants.
* * *
MORGAN RAMSAY, one of the
candidates in question, is acting
DU president.
Text of the Council's statement
of Decision follows:
"Of the irregularities connect-
ed with the election of the four
particular candidates, some were
more numerous than others. It
is obvious that a concerted col-
lective effort was made to as-
sure the election of these men.
"The candidates personally may
not have actively participated in
the obvious fraud nor inded have
had any knowledge of it, and no
individual guilt has been estab-
"NEVERTHELESS, the circum-
stances of their election is con-
trary to the best interests of stu-
dent government, and for that
reason the Council has voted to
disqualify the candidates."
The two dissenting Council
members were Jim Smith and Jo-
seph Guttentag. Smith dissented
only on Sparrow's disqualification.

Reds Fail To.
Cut Railroads
Into Shanghai
SHANGHAI - (A) -Shanghai's
peril mounted yesterday, but indi-
cations that it was cut off by rail
from the rest of China proved er-
Railway 'officials announced
trains still were running from
Shanghai to the supporting city
of Hangchow, 121 miles southwest.
THEY SAID night trains had
been halted, however, and that
this led to reports last night no
trains were running past Kash-
ing, 62 miles southwest of Shang-
At the same time, the Tele-
communications Administration
announced that telephone ser-
vice had ceased, to Kunshaa,
about 35 miles west of Shanghai.
The report that the railwayto
Hangchow still was open in no
way diminished the threat to
Shanghai's land lines to the south.
*. * *
afternoon had been officially re-
ported by the Shanghai garrison
to be 17 miles northwest of Kash-
ing and 23 miles north of the in-
portant port of Hangchow, which
is 121 miles by rail southwest of
Other Communist forces were
dallying along the westward ap
proaches to Shanghai at a dis-
tance of about 35 miles.
Although thus threatened, this
greatest of Asiatic cities paid al-
most no attentioi to the war.
* * *
INSTEAD, it was preoccupied
with a dangerous month-end fi-
nancial crisis.
To ease the situation, the gar-
rison ordered the central bank to
sell 400,000 old Chinese silver dol-
lars to employers at the rate of
4,000,000 yuan to one dollar. This
was less than half the black mar-
ket rate. It instructed emlo3ers
to pay "common workers" one
silver dollar each on account.
UN Employe
To Be Quizzed
Un-American Group
Starts Spy Inquiry
House Un - American Activities
Committee was reported today to
have subpoenaed an employe of
the United Nations for question-
ing some time next month.
Officials say the conimittee is
launching an inquiry to find out
whether spies are being slipped
into the Unitd States through UN
* * *
THIS WAS learned after Sena-
tor Mundt (R-SD) repeated a de-
mand that Congress make such an
investigation. He told reporters
this step is in order for the Sen-
ate Judiciary Committee or the
Un-American Activities Commit-
Mundt was a member of Un-
American activities before shift-
ing from House to Senate after
the last election.
One of the present members of

World Cooperation Week
Starts Today on Campus

World Cooperation Week-dedi-
cated to fostering better under-
standing between peoples of dif-
ferent cultural backgrounds -
starts today on campus and
throughout the state.
In describing the University's
celebration of the week, Homer E.
Underwood, general chairman
said, "The University is privileged
in having one of the largest for-

International Ball, 9 p.m. May 6
at the Union. Tickets for both
events are on sale at the Inter-
The pageant's program includes
music and dancing by foreign stu-
dent nationals. Kapila Malik will
present a group of traditional In-
dian dances. May Day in Hawaii,
a group of dances with musical'
accompaniment will be performed
by the Hawaiian Students Club,

SeniorsAMay Take Lake Cruise in June

Graduating seniors will take off

ALL SENIORS and their guests
may take the cruise, Johnson said.

ior picnic to June 9 and have the
parents student tea on June 10

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