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FAIR AND COOLER
VOL. LIX, No. 144 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 27, 1949
PRICE FIVE CENTS
In Navy Row
Of Carrier Work
WASHINGTON- (IP)-John L.
Sullivan resigned yesterday as
Secretary of the Navy, firing a
roaring broadside at Secretary of
Defense Johnson for halting con-
struction of the Navy's supe-car-
rier, the U.S.S. United States.
The New Mampshire Irishman
said he was deeply disturbed be-
cause Johnson acted "so drasti-
cally and arbitrarily" without con-
sultation with the Navy.
AND HE SAID HE is convinced
the move means '"a renewed effort
to abolish the Marine Corps and
to transfer all Naval and Marine
Johnson dismissed Sullivan's
attack wtih a terse statement
from his office:
"I regret very much that my
old friend and colleague, John L.
Sullivan, has joined the aircraft
carrier issue on personal grounds,
and I believe that he, too, will
soon regret his action of today."
* * P
SULLIVAN'S resignation, widely
expected since Johnson lowered
the boom on the big flat-top Sat-
urday, came in an exchange of
letters with President Truman.
But Sullivan cut loose his pent-
up wrath in his letter to the new
Secretary of Defense. The letter,
released by Sullivan's own office
shortly after Mr. Truman accepted
his resignation, said bluntly:
"On Saturday, April 23, without
discussion with the Chief of Naval
Operations, without consultation
with the Secretary of the Navy,
you directed the discontinuance
of the construction of the U.S.S.
United States, the construction of
which had twice been approved.
To Be Lauded
Some 1,570 students will receive
recognition for scholastic achieve-
ment at the 26th Annual Honors
Convocation, to be held at 11 a.m.
Friday in Hill Auditorium.
Dr. James B. Conant, president
of Harvard University, will ad-
dress the assembly on "Skepticism
and Courage in the Modern
* * *
PARENTS AND friends of the
honored group will come to Ann
Arbor from all parts of the coun-
try to witness the traditional cere-
Classes will be dismissed at
10:45 a.m. so that all students
may attend the function, which
will honor undergraduates with
at least a 3.5 average, disting-
uished graduate students, and
winners of various prizes during
the past year.
As in past years, faculty mem-
bers attending the slemn affair
will be clad in caps and gowns.
DR. CONANT, who will also
address a meeting of Phi Beta
Kappa, has won international
fame both as a scientist and an
An expert on the responsibili-
ties and methods of modern
education, he is the author of
the recently published book
"Education in a Divided World."
In the early years of the war,
Dr. Conant was responsible for
assembling many of the scientists
who developed the atom bomb,
besides . holding the position of
Chairman of the National Defense
SINCE 1930, he has been scien-
tific_ director of the' Rockefeller
Dr. Conant has been a member
of the Harvard faculty since 1916
and president of the university
Primary aim of the new campus
UNESCO group as enunciated at
an organizational meeting last
night, is to start an active campus
organization to further the work
Impends in China
SHANGHAI-(/P)-Chinese Communist columns, boasting they
had overwhelmed two government armies, wheeled west of Shanghai
yesterday toward Hangchow and a possible decisive battle.
Shanghai, which remained calm when the Reds broke the Yangtze
River line, began to show signs of panic. Business was almost at a
standstill, the money market was chaotic.
* * * *
NERVOUSNESS INCREASED as the United States and Great
Britain moved heavier naval units out of Whangpoo and anchored
them in the Yangtze to the north to avoid possible involvement in
any fighting. 4
Meanwhile, in London, Prime Minister Attlee yesterday prom-
ised Parliamentary critics that Britain "will take every possible
step" to protect British subjects caught in China's war.
This was his answer to Conservative leader Winston Churchill
and other legislators who had attacked the Labor government in a
vParliamentary debate set off last
week by the shelling of four Brit-
E atin C lub ish warships on the Yangtze River
WASHINGTON - (RP) - Before
Western Powers Ready to
AcceptRussia s Proposal
galleries, the House
into stormy debate today
administration bill to re-
Taft-Hartley Labor Law.
Lesinski (Dem., Mich.),
of the repeal measure,
that the present law was
through Congress" two
Club 211, eating club to combat
the high cost of food, could use an
additional 200 members to con-
tinue full service, according to Mel
Bondy, Grad, one of the club's
Bondy spoke at the first organ-
ized meeting of the Club last night
in which members were told of
current membership figures, read
suggestions from fellow clubbers,
and offered hints themselves for
HE REMARKED that already
several campus restaurants have
followed Club 211's lead by lower-
ing their food prices. "If an active
student group such as ours con-
tinues to thrive, maybe more eat-
eries will slash their prices," he
A membership drive, to be
conducted through pamphlets
and "word-of-mouth persua-
sion," was approved at the
meeting. A Club bulletin board
was planned to report current
group affairs, suggestions and
Another result of the meeting
was half price admission for
members to the weekend dances
on the Club's premises. The re-
duced price will be tested this
weekend, Bondy said.
* * *
A SUGGESTION box, set up late
last week, has yielded a daily av-
erage of four suggestions, he add-
ed. One student suggested that
more choices in the weekly meal
plan be used, such as the elimina-
tion of lunches.
Bondy said that this may be one
of the improvements planned for
the Club in the near future.
BACK IN SHANGHAI more
than 250 Americans and other
nationals were getting out while
many more elected to stay. U.S.
Economic Administration Associa-
tion headquarters packed up to
move to Canton, South China city
now serving as the Nationalist
The Communist radio in Pei-
ping announced that lives and
property of foreign nationalists
would be protected.
The Communist radio said Red
columns had captured Ihing and
Chingtai, about 80 miles west of
Shanghai. If true they were half-
way from the Yangtze to Hang-'
chow, 85 miles southwest of
AT THE SAME time the United
States cut off the flow of Ameri-
can-aid cotton to Shanghai in the
expectation that China's great
port city will be taken over by
the Communist armies whenever
their leaders give the word.
Seventeen cotton - laden ships
bound for Shanghai were ordered
diverted to Japan.
The Student Legislature's school
spirit program got by the Student
Affairs Committee yesterday with
Two SL proposals aimed at cam-
pus discrimination were postponed
for discussion at a special meet-
ing next Tuesday.
After hearing legislator Bill
Gripman outline a three-part
"Frosh-soph" plan consisting of
rallies, a tug of war and a talent
show, the committee approved a
* * *
years ago "in a spirit of hysteria
an d vengean ce. "1
BUT REP. McConnell (Rep.,
Pa.) told the House that the Lesin-
ski bill would cut out a provision
of the present law "which en-
abled the atomic energy commis-
sion to protect atomic secrets from
Communist labor officials."
McConnell said the administra-
tion-backed measure would de-
prive the government of the
power it now has under the
Taft-Hartley Act to deal with
national emergency strikes. He
said it would also abolish provi-
sions "protecting the political
freedom of individual workers."
Spectators' galleries were
jammed as the heated, arm-wav-
ing debate opened. Speaker Ray-
burn (Dem., Tex.) had to admon-
ish the visitors against applauding
speeches on the floor.
* . *
HOUSE LEADERS said a final
vote is not expected before late
The debate was formally
launched by Chairman Lesinski
of the House Labor Committee,
whose bill would kill the Taft-
Hartley Act and reinstate the
old 'New Deal" Wagner Act
along with some changes re-
ommended by President Tru-
Arrayed against the Lesinski bill
were backers of a substitute meas-
ure by Rep. Wood (Dem., Ga.).
These were chiefly Republicans
and southern Democrats, with a
sprinkling of Truman Democrats.
The Wood Bill would retain most
of the Taft-Hartley Law, while re-
pealing it in name.
* * *
SHORTLY before the session be-
gan, Rayburn predicted to news-
men that the Wood Bill will be
defeated. A vote on it is expected
Lesinski and Rep. Madden
(Dem., Ind.) reminded the House
that the Democratic Party cam-
paigned last fall on a platform
advocating repeal of the Taft-
Hartley Law. They called for sup-
port of the administration's bill
to do that.
"University presidents are be-
coming more aware of the leth-
argy toward religion on their
campuses and they want to do
something about it," Charles
Noble, of Syracuse University de-
clared in outlining three functions
of the college chaplain.
Noble spoke last night at the
Union at the opening session of
the three day national chaplains'
.* * *
THE CHAPLAINS help to over-
come this lethargy fitting into the
official administration family, dir-
ecting overall religious programs
and acting as pastors at large for
the university, according to the
He believes that this last cate-
gory is one of the most inter-
"Students who belong to no par-
ticular faith often come to the
university chaplain for guidance.
They may be all mixed up and
need help but they don't feet they
can go to a special church pastor."
* * *
ANOTHER field of concern to
chaplains is the faculty attitude
toward religion, he declared.
NEW IFC OFFICERS--Jake Jacobson, '50, center, was elected president of the Interfraternity
Council last night. Dick Morrison, '50, right, was elected IFC vice-president and Stan Crapo, '50E,
was elected IFC secretary-treasurer. -Jacobson won the presidency with more votes than the rest of
his opponents combined. The IFC vice-president post is new this semester.
,* * * * 4
As New IFC President
Jake Jacobson, '50, was elected Interfraternity Council president
at a Council meeting last night.
Dick Morrison, '50, was elected to the newly-created vice-presi-
dency and Stan Crapo, '50E, won the secretary-treasurer's post.
* * * *
AT THE SAME meeting, the Council passed an annual member-
ship tax on the fraternity chapters of one dollar per member to meet
increased costs of expanding activities. The tax failed to pass at two
previous meetings and had been tabled.
Jacobson won the IFC presi'ency with a majority larger than
the total combined votes of his opponents. He praised outgoing
IFC President Bruce Lockwood,
"THE COMMITTEE offers no
objection to the plan of the Stu-
T i dent Legislature for the revival of
class and school spirit, subject to
At'U' am p Eappro val of detailed proposals of
At 'U' Cam pus specific activities."
The committee also granted
Students were anxious to get recognition to the Committee
an outside look at themselves yes- to End Discrimination.
terday. Petitions for recognition by In-
Store after store in the campus ter-Arts Union and 3rd Airways
area reported sell-outs and high and Air Communications Service
demand for the new "Look" maga- Squadron were tabled pending
zine featuring a pictorial essay on furtherinvestigation.
Michigan life. The two SL. proposals on dis-
Several store owners said that crimination scheduled for discus-
the demand began Monday night sion at next week's special SAC
when requests were made for meeting call for:
copies to be set aside. 1. Establishing a permanent file
And even Ann Arborites showed of all organization constitutions.
they wanted to know what was 2. Refusal by SAC to recognize
going on at the University as any future organziations which
stores in the downtown area re- prohibit membership because of
ported their sales "excellent." race, religion or color.
RAH-RAH IS HERE:
Frosh Week-End Exploits
Newly Approved 'Spirit'
'49E, as having done "a terrific
job" and accepted the gavel
amid applause for his predeces-
The Council elected its officers
in a crowded, smoky Union room
from a slate of four which consist-
ed of the three elected officers plus
Don Calhoun. '50E. The slate was
chosen by the IFC Executive Com-
mittee, a panel of Council officers
with Dean Erich Walter and John
Gwinn of the Office of Student
Affairs sitting without vote.
* * *
THE COMMITTEE had previ-
ously narrowed the field from
seven who petitioned to the slate
Actual voting was preceded by
the reading of lengthy petitions
candidates had submitted.
Jacobson was an exception and
presented most of his program in
person, pledging himself to ex-
pand IFC Ball into a Greek Week,
form cooperative buying plans,
and support an IFC-sponsored
show at Hill Auditorium.
Appropriations for the Veterans'
Readjustment Center at the Uni-
versity have been chopped com-
pletely from the State House Ways
and Means Committee's budget
A $250,000 operating grant forl
the center was eliminatedas the
committee swung its ax on budget
requests in the first appropriations
(The Center is operated by the
University for the state, and is
not owned by the University. Its
expenses are not included in the
Omission of the Readjustment
Center's grant was in line with
the Committee's general cutting-
down of appropriations. Requests
of $9,089,000 for public safety and
defense were pared to $8,009,107.
Big Ten IFC
Clean Own Houses
Greek-letter men from all 14
schools participating in the Big
Ten Interfraternity Conference at
Minnesota last weekend unani-
mously agreed that fraternities
should apply heavy pressure to
eliminate discriminatory clauses
in their constitutions.
They also agreed that all action
must come from within the fra-
ternities themselves, although IFC
and Pan-Hellenic Councils were
suggested as powerful pressure in-
IT WASPOINTED out that in
some schools the IFC and Pan-
Hel Councils have already started
extensive anti - discrimination
Hal Walsh, chairman of Mich-
igan's delegation, said delegates
felt that the most severe prob-
lem was unfavorable publicity.
Acting on the recommendations
of Dick Morrison and Stan Crapo,
two other Michigan delegates to
the conference, the IFClast night
voted to assist local chapters in
every attempt to remove their
Regular Daily tryout staff
meetings will be held this week
at 4 p.m. today and 7:30 p.m.
Bi 3 Asks
Allies Insist on
By The Associated Press
The Western Powers virtually
accepted yesterday Russia's pro-
posal to lift the blockade of Berlin
in exchange for a four power con-
ference on Germany.
But it was made plain that the
offer is accepted only if no secret
strings are attached.
* * *
A STATE DEPARTMENT state-
ment declared that if Moscow's
policy actually stands as it was
reported in a dispatch by the Tas
News Agency early yesterday "The
way appears clear for a lifting of
the blockade and a meeting of
the Council of Foreign Ministers."
Meanwhile, in Berlin, Gen.
Lucius D. Clay said that the
Western Allies intend to see a
WestrGerman Republic estab
lished regardless of whether the
Russians lift the blockade. The
Republic is expected to be a
reality by July 15.
A similar stand was taken by
British spokesmen in London and
Clay took a wary attitude to-
ward the Soviet offer to lift the
blockade. This was in contrast
to the optimism expressed at the
State Department in Washington.'
HE DECLARED "It will have
no effect whatsoever on the West
German Government. We are go-
ing ahead with our plans."
Prof. James K. Pollock, chair-
man of the political science de-
partment, and adviser to the
State Department on Germany,
said that he was a bit skeptical
of the Russian move.
"I would much prefer to see
Russian action rather than talk
on this proposal to lift the block-
ade," he said.
"I WOULD of course welcome
any sincere move that would bring
all four powers together to handle
the German problem," he added.
"The Washingon three minister
conference helped bring about an
agreement concerning Western
Germany. If the Russians get to-
gether with the Western Powers,
there might be a possibility of
solving the entire German ques-
Tio Aff ect ERP
WASHINGTON - (P) - Presi-
dent Truman notified Congress
yesterday that price declines war-
rant a $157,800,000 cut in Mar-
shall Plan funds.
His move was welcomed on Capi-
tol Hill but a number of legislators
predicted that foreign aid spend-
ing would be slashed even deeper.
Mr. Truman made his statement
in a letter to House Speaker Ray-
burn (Dem., Tex.). He asked the
speedy appropriation of $5,272,-
000,000 to finance the European
Recovery Program (The Marshall
Plan) to June $0 1950.
THE PRESIDENT said "A num-
ber of developments"-the gmost
important being the "price decline
in the United States"-make it
possible to operate the program
for less than the full amount*au-
Congress recently set a ceil-
ing of approximately $5,430,-
000,000 on economic cooperation
expenditures to mid-1950. The
money still must be provided
and quick action on that was
what Mr. Truman *sked today.
Chairman Cannon (Dem., Mo.)
WHAT IS IT?
Modern Sculpture Confuses Students
Only a week after a student ref-
erendum approved it, school spirit
is busting out all over the Michi-
For the past few days, most stu-
dents have been aware of an ex-
cited bevy of raincoat-clad coeds
singing, conga-lining, stilt-walk-
ing and enthusiastically creating
all corts of commotion along the
ices to either the "Maize" or the
"Blue" team, and to plan strategy
for the make-believe battle and
tug of war following it.
* * *
THE WAR will climax a week's
efforts to put over the first Frosh
Weekend in Michigan history, a
three day affair involving two
dances and a style show.
All the traditional enthusiasm
of freshman women was doubled
By PHOEBE FELDMAN
The sculpture that adorns the
administration building evidently
belongs in the class labeled "in-
scrutable modern art."
Nobody seems to know what it
The works, consisting of two
large bronze reliefs near the front
entrance of the building, and sev-
"Aesop"), but the major material
on the front have no such guide
for the passer-by.
The half dozen birds which
seem to be flying away from the
work they go with are partic-
ularly unintelligible to observ-
ers. "Where are they going?"
was one student's query. He
dream, is called "Dream of a
Less anti-social are the two
small works beside the rear de-
livery entrance. They picture
two pairs of dog-headed sub-
jects entitled "Musicians" and
"Scientists"-one set playing an
instrument and the other pair
reading a book.