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VOL. LIX, No. 140 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, APRIL 22, 1949
PRICE FIVE CENT
School Spirit Nearing
Vi c to ry
All But Beanies
By CRAIG WILSON
Plans for more school spirit
neared approval last night as Stu-
den't Legislature elections officials
toiled through a second night of
Incomplete returns on the SL
questionnaire revealed the pep-
rally, 100 man tug-of-war and the
Freshman - Sophomore Talent
Show winning by overwhelming
margins. Beanies for Freshmen
remained in doubt, losing by a
handful of ballots on a count of
more than 4,000.
* * *
REVIVAL of "Rah-Rah" will
go into effect, pending approval
by the Student Affairs Commit-
tee-with or without beanies.
No plans have been made to
put the proposals into effect,
according to SL member Bill
Gripman, who waged a five
month, one-man campaign for
the proposed Freshman-Sopho-
more Week. He was given pow-
er to take hisproposals to SAC'
at the last SL meeting.
Other sections in the Legisla-
ture questionnaire remained un-
* * *
COUNTING will continue at 3
p.m. today, in the Conference Rm.,
Student Publications Building.
Elections chairman Duane Nuech-
terlein, '50BAd, called for inter-
ested students to help in the tabu-
The work today will climax
three days of vote-counting
which wilted more than 100
Hare System tabulations on the
Student Legislature representa-
tives ended at 5 a.m. when Louis
Wirbel edged out Jim Storrie for
the final seat. Earlier, spectators
were forced to wait until 3 a.m.
to hear that three incumbents had
been returned to their jobs.
* * *
OTHER CANDIDATES began
inching across the deadline at
3 :30 p.m. as counting went a full
thirty-six rounds with still five
seats in doubt.
Daily tryout staffers relieved
counters in last night's tabula-
tions on questionnaires.
,>ALLOT PROBE UNDERWAY - Duane Nuechterlein, (front) SL elections committee chief explains
to the Men's Judiciary Council how the ballot. fraud was discovered. Involved in the probe are
(seated, left to right), Judiciary members Irvin Goffman, President Bill Reitzer, Jim Smith, George
Meyer and Marshall Lewis and (standing) Joe Guttentag.
* * * * * * * * *
Judciay o Continue Ballot Probe
WASHINGTON - (A) - Army
Secretary Kenneth C. Royall re-
signed yesterday after telling
President Truman he is convinced
that "war is not imminent."
Truman announced acceptance
of his resignation at a news con-
ference and disclosed also the
nomination of David K. E. Bruce
as ambassador to France.
* * *
SHORTLY AFTERWARD the
Economic Cooperation Adminis-
tration announced appointment of
Barry Bingham, Louisville, Ky.,
editor-publisher, to succeed Bruce
as European Recovery Mission
Chief in France.
Royall's successor has not
been chosen. He wrote Truman
in one of two letters of resigna-
tion' which the White House
published that he wanted to re-
turn to private life and added:
"My recent personal inspections
in the overseas theatres have
shown the army everywhere to be
in excellent condition and have
confirmed my belief that war is
ROYALL, North Carolina law-
yer who had the World War II
army rank of brigadier general,
visited 22 countries in Europe last
fall and then made a survey trip
to Japan and Korea. He was the
last Secretary of War before be-
coming Secretary of the Army
with the unification of the armed
services in the new Department
Bruce in Paris will succeed the
veteran Jefferson Caffery, who
Truman said is being brought
home to be assigned to another
NANKING ENCIRCLEMENT NEAR-Chinese Reds crossed the
Yangtze River yesterday, 25 miles east of the city and a former
beachhead was established 80 miles to the southwest, making
the fall of the capital city imminent. At point (A), on the map,
Communist shore guns crippled the British sloop Amethyst. The
British destroyer Consort reached Kiangyin (B) after a 50 mile
duel with Red artillery. Shaded area on the map is Communist
CELEBRATE 'U' DAY:
Engineers Open House
To High School. Pupils
By AL BLUMROSEN
Men's Judiciary Council's probe
of balloting in this week's campus
election will continue today after
the council decided that faulty
ballots had come from a voting
booth in the Engineering Arch.
The Judiciary will meet at 4 p.m.
today to take up its investigation,
which began when Duane Nuech-
terlein, Student Legislature Elec-
House Set for~
'U' Budget Bill
Amount of Proposal
Still Not Disclosed
The University's 1949-50 operat-
ing budget is expected to come up
for debate before the House of
Representatives in Lansing early
next week, according to informed
Currently the House Ways and
Means Committee is pondering the
University's request for $12,500,-
* * *
UNIVERSITY officials will not
know the exact amount the com-
mittee will recommend until the
bill goes before the House, Vice-
President Marvin L. Niehuss com-
Gov. Williams has already
called for a $700,000 cut from
the original bid.
In his budget recommenda-
tions made in January, the Uni-
versity's request for building funds
was omitted entirely. Faced with
a close-pursed Legislatur, the
University has since trimmed its
original $8,855,000 request to a
straight five million.
CHANCES FOR even the re-
duced sum are regarded as vir-
tually nil tihs year.
The Senate Finance Committee
must also consider the requests
for operating funds and make a
junket of campus to inspect needs.
'Ul' Clinic Bill
State Senate was asked to take
the first step yesterday toward en-
larging the University Medical
A group of senators headed by
Sen. Harold D. Tripp introduced a
bill to appropriate $2,500,000 this
year for construction of an out-
patient medical clinic building at
* * *
tions Committee Chairman, dis-
covered approximately forty bal-
lots that appeared fraudulent
Reitzer asked that all student
voting booth attendants who.
were at the Engineering arch
voting booth Tuesday report to
the Judiciary Council at 4 p.m.
today in the Union. Attendants
on Wednesday should report at
during the vote counting Wednes-
* * *
NUECHTERLEIN is still with-
holding the results of the elections
of the Union vice-president for
combined schools and the Junior
and Sophomore engineering class
presidents, pending action by the
Today, the Judiciary will take
Don Calhoun, Interfraternity
Council member who was in charge
of placing IFC voting attendants,
Morgan Ramsey, who ran for
the Union vice president posts,
Roger Vogel and Bob Preston,
engineers who tied for the post
of junior class president,
James Morse, candidate for
ate last night passed the long
range Housing Bill providing for
a vast slum clearance program
and construction of 810,000 pub-
lic housing units during the next
six years by a vote of 56 to 13.
The measure also calls for a
farm housing program and re-
search to cut building costs.
THE VOTE came shortly before
midnight after a long, wrangling
session in which tempers frequent-
ly exploded. Once Sen. Taft an-
grily accused Democrats of mak-
ing a "deal" with Sen. Langer to
induce Langer not to launch a
Earlier in the day the Senate
rejected, 49 to 31, a proposal to
bar segregation on the basis of
race, creed or color in the rent-
ing of public housing.
It was sponsored by Senators
Bricker and Cain, who also of-
fered unsuccessfully a sheaf of
THE FIGHT against the Brick-
er amendment was led by advo-
cates of President Truman's civil
rights program. They said they
regarded the amendment as a
move to kill the housing bill.
On the nther hand, thne for
president of the sophomore engi-
Tom Sparrow, newly elected SL
* * *
THE JUDICIARY will also hear
all students who worked at the en-
gineering arch ballot box during
both days of the election.
Judiciary President Bill Reit-
zer '51L asked anyone having
election complaints to contact
him at 4145.
Alert Judiciary members pound-
ed questions at five witnesses dur-
ing yesterday's hearing, after ex-
amining the allegedly phony bal-
* * *
NUECSTERLEIN, testifying be-
fore the Judiciary, said that since
there were a large number of En-
gineering class ballots in the box
with the irregular ones, the box
had probably come from the En-
He said he did not know
which day the ballots were
voted, since the boxes were
moved around the second day.
"The candidates should be dis-
qualified if you find there is some-
thing wrong here," Nuechterl in
told the Judiciary. (Wednesday
evening, Nuechterlein said that
the ballot irregularities were "ob-
VOTE COUNTERS James Wil-
son, Don Fiekowsky and Andy Me-
hall testified that they had found
groups of ballots wadded together
and punched at the same time,
which contained one SL ballot, one
referendum ballot and several
Union Vice President ballots.
Other wads contained several
Engineering Class officer bal-
lots in each set, they added.
Countersdiscovered two SL bal-
lots that had allegedly been
voted at the same time.
IFC president Bruce Lockwood
testified that he believed more
faked ballots were cast than were
spotted by the counters.
Mrs. Dorothy Griffel was elected
president of the Ann Arbor chap-
ter of the National Association
for the Advancement of Colored
Other officers elected were: Al-
bertsMcCreary, vice - president;
James Terrell, secretary; Mrs.
Betty Houston, assistant secre-
tary; and Clifford Carter, treas-
By PETER HOTTON
Today is "U-Day."
Two armies of 1,000 high school
students and several thousand
University students will converge
on the College of Engineering for
mental battles with exhibits, dis-
plays, movies, lectures and tours,
at 9 a.m. for the Engineering
Open House and University Day.
S* * *
TODAY MARKS the first Uni-
versity Day since the war, and is
also the first time the Day and
Open House are being held jointly.
University Day is sponsored by the
Union, with Open House by the
Millioms of dollars have gone
into the 250 exhibits, from dis-
plays of tiny electrons to tours
of the giant Willow Run Airport
outside of Ann Arbor.
The weather, predicted as cooler
with showers, threatens to put a
damper on the outside exhibits,
but engineers plan to hold them
despite the elements. Exhibits will
be held in all the buildings of the
College of Engineering, ROTC and
NROTC units and Willow Run Air-
And it's all free.
* * *
PROGRAMS WILL be distrib-
uted and movies will be shown at
intervals throughout the day by
many of the departments. Buses
will leave the East Engineering
Building on the hour from 1 to
On sale will be the Technic
with a comprehensive coverage.
Brass souvenir bookends and
paperweights will be sold by the
Metallurgy and Metal Process-
ing Departments on a first come,
first serve basis.
In the parking lot behind the'
West Engineering Annex students
will be able to lounge in the luxury
of 35 new cars of 20 different
makes, donated for the Automobile
Progress Exhibit by local dealers.
THE DISPLAY will feature an-
cient "horseless carriages" include
ing a 1904 Cadillac and a 1915
The Army Signal Corps has
sent three new type radio tele-
type machines from Fifth Army
Headquarters for one of the
Open House army displays.
Flown from Chicago two days
ago, the machine will be set up
in back of the Physics Building
on three two-and-one half-ton
One machine will serve as a
transmitter, a second will act as
receiver, and a third will be
mounted in a control room.
* * *
THE .OPEN HOUSE had its
start in 1913 when it was an an-
nual affair called simply "Annual
Exhibit," but the magnitude of
the affair made preparation so
complex that it was changed to bi-
munist troops slashed across the
Yangtze yesterday at a point near
Nanking and Americans were
warned to flee the tottering capi-
tal while there is time.
A Red crossing about 60 miles
east of Nanking, coupled with a
previous beachhead planted 80
miles to the southwest, threatened
the city with imminent encircle
(Prof. Russell H. Fifield of the
political science department pre-
dicted that both Nanking and
Hankow would fall and that
Shanghai "could be captured
easily." He said Canton probablyr
will be the next Communist ob-
* * *
THE U.S. EMBASSY, telling
Americans to consider quitting
Nanking "now," raised the possi-
bility the city soon may become a
battleground. Chinese officials al-
ready were leaving the city by
The latest crossing on the east
threatened to sever quickly the
main railway and highway to
Shanghai, about 240 miles by
the Yangtze route to the south-
west. This is the normal route
Americans and other nations
would use in quitting Nanking.
The embattled river front al-
ready cuts off use of the Yangtze
for such evacuations.
* * *
THIS APPARENTLY - d i
Nationalist capital could hear ar-
tillery fire and see fires across the
river on the north bank, where the
Reds gained new, threatning foot-
The skies over Nanking roared
most of the night with the passage
of transport planes, taking gov-
ernment officials to refuges in the
Four British warships had
been drawn involuntarily into
the great battle of the Yangtze.
The cruiser London, destroyer
consort and sloops Amethyst
and Black Swan all were dam-
aged and had 42 dead from per-
sistent fire by heavy Red artil-
They fired back defensively, and
all but the crippled Amethyst re
treated downriver to Shangha?.
The Amethyst was cut off about
60 miles east of Nanking.
* * *
THE CHINESE government of-
ficially announced that the legis-
lative Yuan and other government
branches were moving tonight b
Canton and Kweilin and the island
of Formosa, while the Defense
Ministry and the Presidential of-
fice were going to Shanghai.
It was not disclosed whether
acting president Li Tsung-Jen
also would flee, but it was be-'
lieved he might stay on in Nan-
king a while longer.
Li's three-month effort to ne-
gotiate a peaceful settlement of
China's long civil war was at an
WASHINGTON - (AP) - Secre-
tary of State Acheson gave Sena-
tors yesterday a $1,130,000,000
proposal for military aid to North
Atlantic Defense Pact nations in
the coming year.
Another $320,000,000 would be
set up for other nations in Amer-
ica's effort to stop Communism.
* * *
SENATOR SMITH and other
committee members said they un-
derstood that about $400,000,0QQ
of the funds needed are already
In a Nutshell
Student Legislature winners
in order of election: 1. Jim
Jans, 2. John Ryder, 3. Hugh
Greenberg, 4. George Roumell,
Jr., 5. Ray Guerin, 6. Lyle
Thumme, 7. Pris Ball, 8. Paul
McCracken, 9. Betty Bridges,
10, Harvey E. Schatz, 11. Ed
Reifel, 12. Leonard Wilcox, 13.
Charles A. Murray, 14. Ed Ul-
vestad, 15. Adele Hager, 16.
Polly Hodges, 17. Patricia Mc-
Lean, 18. Renee Pregulman, 19.
Tom Sparrow, 20. Joe Stone, 21.
Joan Willens, 22. John J. Rob-
ertson, 23. Dave Babson, 24.
Edward Yanne, 25. Louis Wir-
bel. (Incumbents heavy type).
Literary College Senior Class:
Wally Teninga, president; Vir-
ginia Campbell, vice president;
Jo Henderson, secretary; Donna
]ngs'neering College Senior
Class: Bill Upthegrove, presi-
dent; Stan Wiggin, vice pres-
ident; Bruce Paxton, treasurer;
Arnold Gowans, secretary.
By The Associated Press
SALONIKA, Greece-A three-
judge court yesterday sentenced
a Greek newspaperman, Gregory
Staktopoulos, to life imprison-
ment and two fugitive Commu-
nists to death for the killing of
American radio correspondent
* * *
WASHINGTON - President
Truman said yesterday no peace
feelers from Soviet Russia have
come his way.
WASHINGTON - President
Truman today will formally
hand Congress his long-awaited
prepaid compulsory medical
care program believed to call
for coverage of perhaps 85 per
cent of the population at the
* * *
LANSING, Mich-A bill to re-
peal Michigan's one-man Grand
Jury System was defeated in the
House yesterday, but a measure
to drastically revise it was re-
Thedrevision supplants the one-
man Grand Jury with a Grand
Jury composed of three Circuit
Open House Displays
EAST ENGINEERING BUILDING - Aeronautical, Chemical,
Chemical-Metallurgical, Civil, Electrical Engineering; Engineering Re-
search, Metal Processing, U of M Radio Club Station W8AXZ, Wright-
Patterson Aeronautical Laboratories Exhibits.
ENGINEERING PARKING LOT-Automobile Progress Exhibits.
NORTH HALL-NROTC Exhibits.
PHYSICS BUILDING-Engineering Research, Physics, ROTC
(Directly behind the building).
QUARTERMASTER BUILDING-ROTC Exhibits.
WEST ENGINEERING BUILDING-Civil Engineering, Engineer-
ing Drawing, Engineering Mechanics, Mechanical Engineering, Naval
Architecture and Marine Engineering.
WEST ENGINEERING ANNEX-Aeronautical, Mechanical Engi-
WILLOW RUN AIRPORT-Aeronautical Engineering, Willow
WANT WILLIAMS' PROGRAM:
Workers, Students Lobby in Lansing
I By ELLEN CORBEN
proval split closely along Demo-I
also use his veto power to pres-I
Earlier, in approaching theI
T T E