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VOL. LIX, No. 139 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 21, 1949
PRICE FIVE CENTS
New Board Will
By GEORGE WALKER
The Union Board of Directors
voted unanimous approval last
night to the formation of a Michi-
gan Union Opera Board, a perma-
nent organization designed to pro-
duce all future Union musicals.
First of its kind in Union his-
tory,rthe new setup provides for a
seven man committee, composed
of three students, two faculty
members, one alumnus and the
General Manager of the Union.
THIS GROUP will provide the
continuity necessary to make the
Opera an annual, or nearly annual,
affair, Opera officials believe.
"Chances for an opera next
year and every year are a lot
better, now that a permanent
organization is in operation,"
according to Dave Leyshon,
'49E, General Chairman of
"However," Leyshon added,
"there won't necessarily be an
opera every year-it depends on
scripts, student reaction, and a lot
of other things."
THIS YEAR marked the revival
of the opera after an eight year
vacation, and the cast and direc-
tors of "Froggy Bottom" were "fly-
ing blind," according to Leyshon.
Establishment of the new
board means that a group of ad-
visors familiar with opera prob-
lems, will be on hand to guide
finances and approve the selec-
tion of scripts, performance
dates and places.
The new group will act as a sub-
committee of the Union Board of
Directors, its members being ap-
pointed by that body.
* * *
STUDENTS ON the board will
include the Union president, a
vice-president or secretary of the
Union and an Opera General Man-
Petitions for the General
Manager of the Opera are now
being accepted and must be
turned in at the Union desk be-
fore April 28, Leyshon said. They
should state general qualifica-
tions and experience.
Petitions will also be accepted
from men who want positions on
the Student Executive Committee.
This body will include promotions,
script, music and advertising
The distortion and lies used in
framing six Trenton, N.J. youths
sharply points up the crimes being
perpetrated against Negroes all
over the country, Miss Esther
Cooper delared last night.
Speaking at a meeting of the
Committee for Civil Rights, Miss
Cooper, American Civil Liberties
Congress representative, said that
the "six Trenton youths are now
in the death house for a crime
they didn't commit."
* * * '
"THE SIX, convicted of killing
a second-hand furniture dealer,
all had perfect alibis," she, stated.
By The Associated Press
China's dormant civil war flared
up again yesterday with a furious
Communist offensive along more
than 400 miles of the Yangtze
And on the river, 41 British
soldiers, of whom at least 23 were
killed, were casualties of the Com-
munist shelling of three British
* * *
A BRITISH naval spokesman
said that the British sloops, Ame-
ROUND ONE-Student counters separate the thousands of votes
cast in the two-day campus election. More than 100 volunteers
stand ready to receive the ranbow of colored ballots and trundle
them off for final tabulation.
Panel PoporsesUnited .
Effort, for World Peace
An all-inclusive campus organi-
zation to pool the efforts of local
groups working for international
understanding was proposed last
night by members of a faculty-
student panel discussing UNESCO.
The panel, part of a special se-
Approximately 250 young people
from various parts of the state, in-
cluding some 50 University stu-
dents, will join forces in Lansing
today to urge the State Legislature
to pass four measures.
The Ann Arbor group will leave
at 8:15 a.m. from Hill Auditoriufn
where transportation will be pro-
Organizing themselves into a
youth lobby, the group will at-
tempt to see as many legislators as
possible to urge enactment of the
Fair Employment Practices Bill,
Fair Educational Practices Bill, in-
creased unemployment compensa-
tion and large scale public hous-
ries of lectures in education, was
led by Prof. William Clark Trow
of the education school who is a
member of the Michigan Prelimi-
nary Committee for UNESCO.
* * *
THE SUGGESTION came after
discussion of ways in which a
campus UNESCO organization
might promoteworld peace.
It was felt that there are too
many little groups on campus
working for the same ends, and
that coordination is needed.
Plans for the new organization
will be formulated at a meeting
next week with representatives
from the United Nations Council,
the International Students Asso-
ciation, the NSA International
Committee, the Displaced Stu-
dents Committee, education school
students who attended a meeting
of the National Commission for
UNESCO, and other interested
DURING the panel discussion,
Prof. Trow said grass roots partici-
pation in international problems is
necessary for "continued growth
in the realization that bashing in
somebody's jaw is not the modern
technique for settling problems."
A spokesman for the Nation-
alist government said this morn-
ing that approximately 30,000
Reds had surged across the Yang-
tze River at Tikang about 80
miles southwest of Nanking.
thyst and Black Swan and the de-
stroyer consort were caught up in
the resurgent civil war.
However, it was believed pos-
sible that the Communist forces
might have mistaken the British
warships for Chinese Nationalist
Foreign observers who flew to
the scene insisted, however, that
the British markingson.the Con-
sort were plainly visible.
THE ADMIRALTY spokesman
said that the Amethyst had been
refloated using her own resources.
The Consort, now on its way
to Shanghai, had been coming
to the aid of the Amethyst,
aground on Rose Island about
60 miles downstream from Nan-
The Black Swan was also
shelled, while trying to aid the
frounded Amethyst, naval sources
* * *
MEANWHILE, Nanking, the
capital city, and Hankow, major
supporting base 375 miles to the
southwest, seemed to be the first
objects of the Red armies of
The Nationalists have troops
numbering 500,000 to meet the
Nanking was being attacked by
artillery units from three points
across the Yangtze while Commu-
nist veterans from the conquest of
Manchuria were attacking on the
plains of Hankow.
The peril to the capital city
seemed very great as at least two
red divisions were reported firing
on Pukow, railhead city on the
north bank on the river. With the
capture of this key city, the Red
forces could fire directly on Nan-
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Vice Admiral
Alan G. Kirk was named ambas-
sador to Russia yesterday.
* * *
TEL AVIV - Several Jewish
soldiers were killed and others
wounded today when an Israeli
Army unit was ambushed, an
official Israeli source said.
This was the second such at-
tack in two days.
WASHINGTON Rep. Robert
Lewis Coffee, Jr., Democrat from
Johnstown, Pa., was instantly
killed last night when his jet
fighter plane crashed at Albu-
1. James Jans.
2. John Ryder.
Other candidates still in the
running for the 23 remaining
Student Legislature seats were:
Dave Babson, Pris Ball, David
Belin, Jim Bremer, Betty Brid-
ges, Paul Campbell, Caryl Daly,
Richard Freeman, Martin E.
Gluckstein, Hugh Greenberg,
Ray Guerin, Adele Hager, ol-
ly Hodges, Mary Louise Hook,
Jack Hulburd, Garth Kirkin-
dalI, Paul McCracken, Patricia
McLean, Charles A. Murray,
Tony Palermo, Renee Pregul-
man, Ed. Reifel, John J. Rob-
ertson, George Roumell, Jr.,
Harvey E. Schatz, Barbara
Seeger, Tom Sparrow, Joe
Stone, Jim Storrie, Ina Suss-
man, Sarah Thrush, Lyle
Thumme, Ed Ulvestad, Robert
S. Vogt, Leonard Wilcox, Joan
Willens, Louis Wirbel, Edward
Yanne and Dorianne Zipper-
Used To Get
WASHINGTON -- (P) - Lt.
Col. Burton Ellis told the Senate
Armed Services Committee yester-
day that Nazi storm troopers
charged with participating in the
Malmedy massacre of World War
II had been subjected to mock
trials to wring confessionals from
But Chief Prosecutor Ellis de-
nied that the methods used were
improper. He told the subcommit-
tee that the Germans had not been
mistreated or tricked.
Outside the hearing room, Sena-
tor McCarthy (Rep., Wis.) told
newsmen that the Senate group
was more concerned with a "white-
wash" of the army than with get-
ting the facts about the trials.
The committee also received a
letter of accusation from James -
Bailey of Pittsburgh, Pa., who said
he was a member of the U.S.
Army's nine man team which re-
corded the confessions of the
Storm Troopers for ten weeks but
quit because he "could stomach it
Ellis claimed the mock trials as
a "proper" method on the basis
that trial procedure in Europe,
and in the Army is different from
that in the United States.
PARIS - (P) - Paul Robeson,
American Negro singer, told the
Communist-inspired World Peace
Congress yesterday that American
Negroes would never fight the
Robeson brought the 2000 dele-
gates from 52 or more countries to
their feet in cheering applause
with his call for a "fight for
friendship" with Russia, the
"Eastern democracies and a free
"I bring you a message from the
Negro people of America that they
do not want a war which would
send them back into a new kind
of slavery," Robeson told the Con-
.. .engineering class president
* * *
Gridiron star Wally Teninga
and Bill Upthegrove easily won
the presidencies of the Literary
College and Engineering College
senior classes respectively.
Other women in the Literary
College were VirginiaCampbell,
for vice president with 336; Jo
Henderson for secretary with 846;
and Donna DeHarde for treasurer
with 422 votes.
IN THE ENGINEERING Senior
Class, Stan Wiggin was named
vice president with 165; Bruce
Paxton, treasurer, 181; and Ar-
nold Gowans, secretary with 174.
For secretary in the Engineer-
ing School Junior class, Ned Hess,
121; topped Tom McCann, 87; and
Chuck Walli, 57.
Secretary in the Sophomore
class went to Bill Hickman, 162,
only candidate in the running.
TRAILING Teninga's 397 in
the Literary College were: Jack
Hayward, 187; Paul Anderson,
173; Don McNeil, 169; Robert
Fancett, 152; and Norm Gottlieb,
Behind Miss Campbell were:
Joe Stone, 211; John B. Baum,
196; Fredrica Winters, 170;
Howard Stephenson, 119; and
Gordon Ironside, 88.
Far back of Miss Henderson
was Dolores "Deah" Palanker,
Bowing to Miss DeHarde were:
Harold "Jake" Jacobson, 397; and
Dick Entenmann, 277.
NSA Purchase Cards will be sold
from 1 to 4:30 p.m. today only, in
the lobby of the Administration
Harried counters laid aside
the SL questionnaire when the
job of totaling ballots loomed
greater than officials.
The Daily's referendum on a
proposed bill before the Michigan
State Legislature on allowing past
or present members of the Com-
munist Party to teach in any
state-financed school, college or
university was defeated, 3,329 to
2,547. No opinions were registered
by 118 students.
The referendum asked whether
such a measure should become law.
* * *
AN AMENDMENT to the Legis-
lature constitution was defeated
3,266 to 3,184.
Two-thirds support was need-
ed to pass the amendment,
which would have required SL
candidates to file applications
for candidature with a Citizen-
ship Committee of the Legisla-
It would also have dropped the
150-signature petition from the
status of a constitutional re-
quirementsand left all election re-
quirements to the Legislature to
IN CLOSE RACES, five Michi-
gan Union vice-presidents were
C. Richard Foote, with 556,
defeated Lee W. Sunshine, 508;
James O. Kistler, 444; and Bur-
ton Shiftman, 348, in the Liter-
John Lindquist, 443, won the po-
sition from the Engineering
School, over Ray Okonski, 371;
Leo Romzick, 216; and John Kis-
* * *
IN THE LAW School, Gilbert
Jones defeated Robert F. Sim-
mons, 117 to 84.
Hugh Cooper, unopposed in
the Dental School, piled up 15
Merlin Townley won over Thad-
eus Joos in the Medical School, 33
to 32-SL officials said a recount
would be taken.
* * *
AS THE COMPUTING coninu-
ued, hope for announcement of
the balance of winning Legislature
President Jans, w ho was
inches away from victory early
in the evening barely crossed the
line at midnight. Other candi-
dates ranged far dowz the line
in number of votes.
Under the Hare System, votes
from the lowest candidates are
one-by-one redistributed on the
basis of second and third place
votes until the totals of higher
politicos are pushed across the
quota-one-twenty-fifth of the
Students Elect 38
Bill To Ban Communist Teachers
Soundly Defeated by Student Vote
By CRAIG WILSON
Climaxing one of the hardest fought campus elections in history,
students cast ballots-18 less than last semester's 6,995 record high.
No Student Legislature candidate went "over the top" on the first
round of Hare System counting, but incumbent president Jim Jans
won a rousing vote of confidence which pushed him within 12 votes of
the initial 266 quota.
SEVERAL HUNDRED hopeful politicos and spectators elbowed
for squints at the colorful counting process as election officials and
volunteers went to work in Union * *
conference rooms which became I
hotter and smokier as the evening
progressed. Alleged Vote
.. .literary class president
By AL BLUMROSEN
Charging irregularities in bal-
loting, SL election Committee
Chairman Duane Nuechterlein
withheld the results o three elec-
tions held yesterday.
Names of winners in the races
for Union Vice-president for com-
bined school, the Presidents of the
Junior and Sophomore Engineer-
ing classes were withheld.
formally to Men's Judiciary Presi-
dent Bill Reitzer, '50L, who slated
a Judiciary meeting for 4:15 p.m.
today to hear the charges.
Charging that groups of one
SL Ballot and five or six Utnki'
Vice-president ballots were sub-
mitted under the same Ii card,
.Nuechterlein said the "rregu-
larities" were "obvious."~
Similar "irregularities" oc-
curred in the balloting for Junior
and Sophomore engineering col-
lege presidents, Nuechterlein al-
REITZER said that there was
"sufficient evidence to warrant an
investigation into the alleged elec-
Nuechterlein will testify be-
fore the Judiciary today along
with vote counters James G.
Wilson, Don Fiekowsky and
Andy Mehall who originally dis-
covered the ballots which ap-
peared to be falsified. They no-
tified Nuechterlein who con-
tacted Reitzer at the insistence
of a Daily reporter.
Mehall claimed he discovered
two groups of five ballots for the
Union vice-president for combined
schools punched together with one
ballot for each of the other elec-
tions. Fiekowsky said that he had
found the same thing.
S * * *
NUECHTERLEIN said that a tie
for Junior class Engineering col-
lege president between Robert 6
Preston and Roger Vogel resulted,
but the vote was being investigat-
The three candidates in the
disputed Union vice-president
election are Franklin Drake,
Morgan Ramsey and William
In the race for Sophomore en-
gineering class president, which
is also being investigated, the can-
didates are Charles Good, Bill
Loveless and James Morse.
* * *
NUECHTERLEIN said he hop-
ed that the Judiciary would take
some action at its meeting today
since the evidence was clear cut.
Meanwhile, a student who ask-
ed that his name be withheld told
The Daily that he had seen two
men walking on the diagonal yes-
terday afternoon with ballots un-
der their arms.
He said he heard them say that
they were looking for a friend at
one of the polling places so they
could stuff the boxes. The in-
formant doubted that he could
identify the men.
Yesterday's charges were the
first to mar this election cam-
LOST IN CROWD:
Chafee Cites Problems
"At the same time as
trial, many members of
Trenton police force were
ing charges of fraud and
ruption," she declared.
"Members of a group must be:
'lost in the crowd' if representa-
tive suits are to be ideally carried'
on," Prof. Zechariah Chafee de-
clared in yesterday's Cooley law
Prof. Chafee, Langdell profes-
sor of law at Harvard ,chose the
topic "Representative Suits" for
the third of the current Thomas
M. Coolley series of law lectures.
This year's series is concerned as
a whole with "Some Problems of
* * *
REPRESENTATIVE SUITS are
thnes uits in whicha ar nmim-
These class suits present knotty
problems when members of the
group represented have important
or conflicting interests.iFor this
reason, Prof. Chafee urged that
court be especially careful in
judging these cases in which the
group involved exhibits a variety
* * *
REPRESENTATIVE suits com-
monly occur today in connection
with labor union disputes, tax-
payer suits, and cases involving
the many stockholders of a large
Tn cmP r QP tmh li.iff
'IT WAS THIS WAY':
Course Droppers Find 2,000 Reasons
Miss Cooper stated that this
case is just one example of the
disgraceful treatment which "Ne-
groes have been receiving, not only
in 4a-. -'n,,i f 4 in a., n- i,
By MARY STEIN
Approximately 2,000 University
students changed their minds
again this semester.
Thomy. About the same number
of students change their minds
about courses each term.
mn ara ,arfrnm inr.,nn
One music school scolar found
himselw trying to get excused
from a class that never exister.
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