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February 09, 1949 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1949-02-09

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LENGTHENING
SHADOW
See Page 4

l Ofrr

Dtiit6F

CLOUDY,
COL AIR

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LIX, No. 86 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, FEB. 9, 1949
r

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Russia

Demands

U.S.

Atomic

Bomb

Count

Staffer Makes Good

DAILY SUCCESS STORY-Stan Swinton, '40, (left) former Daily
City Editor checks assignments with Associated Press writers in
Singapore where he is Associated Press chief for southeast Asia.
Swinton is only one of many former Daily staffers who have
secured top-flight newspaper jobs as a result of experience gained
on The Daily.
. * I
Dail1y Issus Call
For Tr Outs_ Toda
Students interested in the writing end of the newspaper game
will attend the first meeting of The Daily's spring tryout staff at
4 p.m. today in the Student Publications Building, 420 Maynard St.
Another tryout meeting will be held at 7:30 p.m. tomorrow for
thOse who can't make it today.
TWICE A YEAR, The Daily opens its doors to new staff members.
These people form the backbone of the paper.
In two years, students who try out for The Daily today will
be sitting in the senior editors' office running one of the nation's
top collegiate newspapers.
Work on The Daily, besides giving practical journalism experience,
is a proven springboard for newspaper jobs after graduation. Former
TRYOUT MEETINGS
Editorial, sports, womens'
staff ....................4 p.m. today or 7:30 p.m. tomorrow
Business staff ........................ . ........ 4 p.m. tomorrow
Gargoyle ......................................4 p.m . tom orrow
Daily editors, like Stan Swinton, '40, City Editor of 1939 and '40 (see
photograph above) are now holding down top newspaper posts all
over the world.
FIRST SEMESTER staff members will learn the fundamentals
of headline writing, proofreading and reporting. They will work once
a week on night desk and help put out the paper.
Students who wish to write sports copy will learn the writing and
makeup style of the sports staff and begin reporting in the spring.
Women's staff tryouts will begin writing within six weeks. Pros-
pects for advancement on the women's staff are unusually good this
year.
AFTER A YEAR COVERING beats and reporting, promising
members will be promoted to paid junior staff positions.
From the junior staff are selected half a dozen students each
year to form the senior staff of The Daily.
The Senior staff directs the policy of the paper and has charge
of all its activities.
*
IN ADDITION, this year The Daily is on the lookout for music
and drama critics and student columnists. Anyone interested in this
phase of writing should contact editorial director Naomi Stern at The
Daily, 2-3241.
Students interested in news photography should contact Leon
Jaroff at The Daily.
Business Staff Tryouts .. .
The first meeting for new business staff members will be held
at 4 p.m. tomorrow at The Student Publications Building.
No experience is necessary. Students will learn the fundamentals
of advertising, finance, layout, promotion work and office manage-
ment.
WORK ON THE BUSINESS STAFF provides an excellent general
business background. whether or not students are interested in news-

Dewey Asks
GOP'Middle
Road' Course
Bans Extremists,
Hits New Deal
WASHINGTON - (P) - Gov.
Thomas E. Dewey plotted a mid-
dle of the road course for the Re-
publican Party and called upon
those opposed to "liberal and pro-
gressive" policies to leave the
GOP.
13e told an overflow Lincoln Day
audience in a broadcast address
that it would be fatal for the
party to follow an extreme path
in opposition to all social welfare
measures.
IT WOULD BE equally fatal,
the New York governor said,, to
embrace the entire New Deal re-
gardless of cost and consequences.
Somewhere in between,
Dewey said, the Republicans
must guide their fortunes down
the road of "social progress"
and freedom and thus heal
what he called the "wide open
split" in Republican ranks.
Not a vacant chair was seen in
the Mayflower Hotel ballroom
where the New York governor
made his first major speech since
he was defeated for the presidency
last November.
DEWEY WAS frequently ap-
plauded, especially in his opening
remarks when he good-naturedly
referred to the fact that he was
coming to Washington only as "an
occasional visitor" instead of for
a longer stay, as he had thought
last November he would.
The GOP, Dewey said, should
"stop bellyaching about the
past."
Instead, he advised his party to
dedicate itself to forward-looking
social programs without trying
to "outbid the Democrats with
the public money."
HE RECALLED that the last
GOP platform expressed whole-
hearted belief in unemployment
insurance, increased old age as-
sistance, broader social security
generally, slum clearance and
public housing, public develop-
ment of water power, and farm
price supports.
Further, he said the plat-
form called for "vigorous pro-
tection of the rights of labor."
"Those who disapprove of these
principles and want to fight thei
aught to go out and try to get
elected in a typical American
community and see what happens
;o them," he said.
"But they ought not to do it as
Republicans."
Prof. Pollock
Cornmends
hoover Report
The work of the Hoover Com-
mission is the most stupendous
and thorough-going survey into
:he operations of the Federal
Government the United States
has ever had in its history, ac-
cording to Prof. James K. Pollock.
Prof. Pollock, chairman of the
political science department, is

one of the 12 men on the Commis-
sion on Organization of the Ex-
ecutive Branch of the Government
headed by Herbert Hoover.
* 4 *
THE COMMISSION submitted
the first of 15 reports to Congress
Monday. The report resulted in
House passage of a bill to give
the President power to re-organ-
ize 1,800 governmental agencies.
"If the Senate passes this
bill, it will give the President
the power to organize the ad-
ministrative branch of the gov-
ernment so that it is perfectly
clear who has the power to do
what," Prof. Pollock said.
"At present we not only have
big government, but we have un-
controlled and chaotic govern-
man+ . " ha Pns ~~

vote.

Elimination of discriminatory
clauses in fraternity and sorority
national charters was stressed
by many IFC members as the
most effective means of fight-
ing prejudice.
It was pointed out, however,
that approximately half the affil-
iated groups have no such clause
in their national constitutions.
* * *
ACTION ON THE PART of
campus fraternities, it was em-
phasized, -is limited to exerting
pressure on the national frater-
nity committees to eliminate the
discriminatory passages.
The committee's findings are
expected to'influence the pas-
sage of an anti-discrimination
clause on a countrywide basis,
such as was proposed at last
year's National Interfraternity
Council meeting.
It will take a number of years
to eliminate discriminatory clauses
from national fraternity charters,
IFC members pointed out, because
a number of the national councils
meet only every two or three
years.
Many national fraternities have
large numbers of chapters on
Southern campuses, making the
problem more acute, one IFC
member pointed out.
Acheson Steps
In To Speed
TreatyTalks
WASHINGTON-GP)-Secretary
of State Acheson took personal
charge of North Atlantic treaty
negotiations while aides sought
answers to a series of knotty
questions posed by Norway.
Acheson met with the ambassa-
dors of Canada, Britain, France,
Belgium, The Netherlands and
Luxembourg in a conference called
primarily to speed the regional
security project into final draft-
ing stages.
THE SESSION lasted for two
hours and 15 minutes. It was thus
one of the longest since the nego-
tiations started last summer.
When it broke up, British
Ambassador Sir Oliver Franks
told waiting reporters it was
"one of our usual meetings." He
declined to say whether Nor-
way's position had been dis-
cussed.
The question which the confer-
ence was reported to have had
up for discussion is how soon to
make public the specific points of
the proposed treaty.
* *' *
THE NETHERLANDS envoy,
Eelco Van Kleffens, replied when
a reporter asked when the terms
would be made public:
"I don't know that the pact is
ready, for that is what your
question implies."
Baron Silvercruys, the Belgian
ambassador, said the negotiators
plan to meet again "in the fairly
near future." He declined to say
specifically when.

SAC OkaysQ
Musicia s
%ons titutionl
The Student Affairs Committee
granted approval yesterday to the
Music School Assembly (MSA)
Constitution-officially extending
student government to 529 music
concentrates.
Members of the temporary
council which set up the success-
ful MSA Constitution will meet
Saturday to map putting the
fledgling government into opera-
tion, Thomas E. Wilson, Grad SM,
announced.
THE CONSTITUTION proposes
"to further the best interests and
desires of its members-all stu-
dents working toward degrees in
musi;-professionally, culturally
and socially."
"Specific objectives" include:
"Maintaining academic free-
dom and students' rights.
"Stimulating and improving
democratic student government.
"Developing better educational
standards, facilities, and teaching
methods.
"Fostering cooperation and un-
derstanding among faculty, and
teaching methods.
"GUARANTEEING all music
students equal rights and consid-
e'ation regardless of sex, race, re-
ligion, political belief or economic
circumstance.
Faculty advisor for MSA will be
Prof. Oliver Edel, of the School of
Music.
U.S. Claims
ERP Victory
Acheson Emphasizes
Work Must Continue
WASHINGTON - (P)-The Ad-
ministration asserted that Soviet
Russia is now clearly losing a "de-
liberate and bitter" campaign
against the success of the Mar-
shall Plan in Europe.
But Congress was told that it is
vital "to press that success" and
carry on the European Recovery
Program for at least another 15
months at a cost of $5,580,000,000.
This was the picture sketched
by Secretary of State Dean Ache-
son and his two top recovery aids
in testimony before a joint session
of the Senate and House foreign
committees.
Summarizing results of the first
year of multi-billion-dollar U.S.
aid to Europe, Acheson told the
lawmakers:
"The outstanding fact is that
the program is succeeding.
In rapidssuccession, Marshall
Plan Ambassador W. Averell Har-
riman and Marshal Plan Adminis-
trator Paul G. Hoffman echoed
Acheson's confident assurance
that Russia's drive to spread its
own tenets of Communism has
met a severe setback.

IFC Will Probe
Race Prejudice
A precedent-shattering blow at race prejudice in fraternities and
sororities was struck by the Interfraternity Council last night as a
resolution calling for a joint IFC-Panhel committee to investigate
discrimination was passed.
A formal report on the committee's findings is to be presented
at the last IFC and Panhel meetings of the semester, and the com-
mittee is to continue until its work is completed.
IT IS THE FIRST TIME a University group has spontaneously
taken action to combat discrimination in affiliated groups. The reso-
lution was passed by a unanimous --

Mindszenty
Risks Life in
New Appeal
Cardinal Given
Full Jail Term
BUDAPEST, Hungary --/1) (__
Josef Cardinal Mindszenty calmly
received a life sentence on a
charge of treason and, just as
calmly, filed a hazardous appeal.
"Yes," answered the Roman
Catholic primate when asked if e
wanted to carry the case to a
higher court.
THOUGH the possibility the
penalty might be increased to
death on the gallows weighed
against the possibility of a lighter
sentence-the appeal court can
decide either way-the voicefof
the 56-year old cardinal was firm
and clear.
The prosecution demanded
again that he die.
A five-man people's court con-
victed Cardinal Mindszenty of
treason, seeking to overthrow the
Communist government in favor
of the Hapsburg monarchy, and
illegal speculation in American
dollars obtained from the United
States and the Vatican. His money
was ordered confiscated.
ALL SIX codefendants, of Car-
dinal Mindszenty's faith, were
convicted with him and were sen-
tenced to prison terms ranging
from three years to life. Appeals
also were entered for them ex-
cept the Rev. Ondras Zakar, young
former secretary to the cardinal,
who drew a six-year term.
In addition to the prison
terms, property of the defend-
ants was ordered confiscated.
It was generally accepted in the
grey brick courtroom that the
confiscation in the Cardinal's case
would apply only to his private
holdings and not the property in
his name as spiritual leader of
Hungary's 7,000,000 Catholics.
(THE VATICAN newspaper
L'Osservatore Romano said "the
world sees Josef Mindszenty mount
his calvary, carrying a cross which
is still the world's."
Pope Pius XII sorrowfully en-
tered his private chapel upon
learning of the verdict and knelt
long in prayer.)
COUPLED WITH the verdict
was a court attack on the United
States.
Presiding Judge Vilmos Olthys
declared the U.S. was a supporter
of reactionary forces and a
meddler in Hungarian affairs.
"U.S. Minister (Selden) Chapin
had a great role in building up
the activities of Mindszenty," he
said.
World News
Round Up
By The Associated Press
COPENHAGEN-Rescue planes
and boats bored through mist-
laden skies and fog-swept waters
for trace of a missing Scandina-
vian airlines plane with 28 per-
sons aboard.
WASHINGTON - The Na-
tional Labor Relations Board's
general counsel said dropping
of the Taft-Hartley Act's non-

Communist affidavit provision
would encourage Communists
trying to dominate labor unions.
WASHINGTON - The govern-
ment's chi'ef prosecutor under the
Taft-Hartley law told senators
that labor unions have "grown
up" and "don't need to be babied
or petted any more."

CARDINAL MINDSZENTY
... makes dangerous appeal
Ex-Seaneu
Start Draft
Fight Here,
Exc-merchant marine seamen on
campus last night joined the pa-
tional fight against the draft bill
insert which makes them eligible
for peacetime drafting.
At the first session of the Emer-
gency Merchant Marine Commit-
tee, University chapter, plans of
action designed to push exemp-
tion legislation for Mariners were
outlined to men concerned by
campus Committee leaders.
THEYtURGED members to
write lettes to senators and rep-
resentatives froin their individual
home states, and stressed the im-
portance of circulating petitions
wherever possible
The battle between Mariners
and legislators stems from a
general Marine sentiment fa-
voring equal rights with other
ex-servicemen.
Former Merchant Marine sea-
men contend that they suffered
a higher casualty rate than any
other branch. Moreover, they say
service was on a volunteer basis
and the wage scale was far lower
than either Army, Navy, or Mar-
ine payroll plans.
REPORTS FROM Washington
congressmen were presented the
group by a five-man delegation
just returned from the capital.
For three days, the representa-
tives gathered comments from
more than 35 legislators, formu-
lating them into workable points
for their now nationwide cam-
paign.
Committee members reported
that Rep. Carl Vinson (D. Ga.)
head of the House Armed For-
ces Committee, said that "the
matter may be considered if
further pressure warrants it."
!FC Begins
Registration
Men may register for this se-
mester's informal four-week fra-
ternity rushing period from 3 to
5 p.m. today and tomorrow in
Rm. B of the Union.
Rushing procedures will be ex-
plained to the rushees at a meet-
ing with fraternity rushing chair-
men at 7:30 p.m. tomorrow in
Rms. R and S of' the Union.
Open house will be held Sun-
day for those fraternities open
to rushees, and men may be
pledged to a fraternity at any
time during the four-week rush-
ing period. Jim Ely is the IFC
rushing chairman.

Asks for Full
Arms Tally
By BgFive
security Council
Gets Resolution
LAKE SUCCESS-(1P)--Russia
proposed that the United Nations
Security Council demand a pub-
lic inventory of the United States'
atom bomb stockpile by the end
of March.
The Soviet Union, in a 900-
word resolution put before the
UN Council, suggested that the
five big powers give the United
Nations a full report by March
31 on their military strength in-
cluding atomic weapons.
* * *
THE SECURITY Council Presi-
dent, Dr. T. F. Tsiang of China,
adjourned the meeting until to-
morrow so the Soviet resolution
could be prepared for discussion
then.
The proposal was laid before
the Security Council by Soviet
Deputy Foreign Minister Jakob
A. Malik.
In a formal proposal, Russia
also demanded simultaneous
treatiesdbanning the atomic bomb
and calling for world controls on
atomic energy, and a plan by the
Commission on Atomic controls
for another treaty under which
the five big powers would reduce
all armaments by one third by
March 1, 1950.
*1 * *
THE RUSSIAN resolution end-
ed with a demand for the big five
to supply no later than March 31
'complete data concerning their
armed forces and all types of
armaments, including atomic
weapons."
The United States Is the only
one of the five bi W6i-s
known officially to possess
atomic bombs. This resolution,
if approved, would mean that
the U. S. would be called on to
divulge one of its top secrets-
how many bombs are in its de-
fense chest.
Russia also brought up indirect-
ly and for the first time in the
Security Council the projected
North Atlantic Pact.
* ~**
THE SOVIET proposal said
that the Council should take note
of the increasing burden of arms
and what it called an evergrow-
ing propaganda for a new war
and the creation of groups of
countries headed by aggressive
circles.
Israel Facing
Triple Hurdle,
Speaker Says
Its central position in the cold
war, relations with Britain and a
"melting pot" population are the
three problems the new,$ state of
Israel has to face, Rabbi R M.
Rosenthal declared last night.
Rabbi Rosenthal, religious lead-
er of the Temple on the Heights
in Cleveland, Ohio, spoke as part
of the International Zionist Fed-
eration of America's "Know Your
Israel Week" program.
* *
"THE COLD WAR will have its

effect on Israel," Rabbi Rosen-
thal said. "In its central position
Israel cannot be anti-anything,
only pro-Israel.
"Mr. Bevin has not changed
his mind," he pointed out. "By
recognizing the state now, Brit-
ain later will be able to sit in
on negotiations which will not
be to Israel's benefit," he said.
Rabbi Rosenthal believes the
fact that Jewish people from
nearly every land in the world are
now in Israel is both a danger
and a challenge because many of
them will never make the neces-
sary adjustment to life there.
"Yet, despite this danger," he
added, "Israel will have the right
to succeed through that same di-
versiytht, hi ni e m mnk-A~a_

MEN VIE FOR CHORUS LINE:

Union Opera Needs Beautiful Girls'

"20 - Beautiful Girls - 20" --
that's what Union opera officials
a vtn-rl o fin toda

n

revival of the traditional all
male Union opera, begins this

some
uses.

40 parts in the two chor-

There'll be 10 men and 10 "girls"
in this chorus too.
* A' *

I

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