FTHE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, APRI 15, 1949
(Editor's Note is written by Managing Editor
(Edito rNoten.written by Managing Editor
PI E STUDENT LEGISLATURE'S resolu-
tion asking the Student Affairs Com-
mittee to bar from recognition all groups
with discriminatory clauses is altogether
There are a great number of people who
will protest that it was not the SL's job,
that this is not yet the time for action, and
that the resolution will lead to action
against all present fraternities.
But what can be better timing than the
moment when fraternities themselves,
through IFC and President Bruce Lock-
woody have pointed to their own discrim-
inatory practices and called for their re-
And what could be better than the stu-
dents themselves taking action, rather than
faculty or administration.
Of course many fraternity men insist that
they should be left to work it out gradually
for themselves. They plan a Big 9 meeting
and pressure on national groups.
But fraternity discrimination history
has shown that this action will be inade-
Various fraternity men have for years
tried within their groups to get majority
action on the question. Almost invariably
they have failed. Whenever something has
been done it has resulted from strong out-
side prodding or action.
Take the current investigations. Frater-
nity discrimination is not being discussed
because the fraternities themselves have
brought it up. The IFC investigation here
would never have taken place had it not
been for several outsiders who threatened
to do the work themselves if IFC refused.
IFC obliged with a survey, for which they
deserve high credit.
BUT FRATERNITIES will have little suc-
cess. if they go to the nationals for
changes with their present ammunition.
Many of these groups have southern chap-
ters, and filibustering tactics in such cases
are well known, to say nothing of the
strong fraternal ties which would deter
splitting of north and south chapters.
It's all very well for fraternity men to
indulge in wishful thinking about the ef-
fectiveness of pleading with nationals. As
long as some fraternity men actively believe
in discrimination, as long as there are south-
ern chapters, a strong tendency to status
quo and little enthusiasm for change ap-
parent even here except when someone gives
a strong push-more direct action is needed.
The real pressure on nationals to re-
move discriminatory clauses is the threat
that colleges all over the country will
force fraternities off campus unless there
National IFC took up the discrimination
question last fall because of cases like Am-
herst where a college ruling forced fra-
ternities to remove clauses.
If students on this campus bar discrim-
inatory clauses, and other colleges follow
suit, fraternity men will have the best argu-
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
ind represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: PHIL DAWSON
ment they could desire for forcing nationals
Fraternities say they want an end to
clauses-well, here's a handle for them-in
sane and wise action in line with the edu-
cational purposes of this University.
* * *
BUT THERE are others who argue that
discrimination is a problem of educa-
tion-the practice, not just the writing
must be changed-and forcing clause re-
moval won't help the bigger problem.-
Of course it's the practice of discrimina-
tion which must be changed. But will it
ever be 'changed so long as clauses remain?
Can any fraternity man be educated to
living with others than his own kind if he
is enclosed by legal barriers?
If the clauses are removed now, fairly
soon some fraternity here will actually
live tolerance by taking men from one
of the original barred groups. And when
that happens, the rest will follow.
It's a very old argument. Should we not
have FEPC or anti-lynch laws until people
no longer feel like lynching or discriminat-
ing in employing others? Was Branch Rickey
wrong to fight discrimination by hiring the
first Negro in major league baseball, al-
though it had never been done before and
"people weren't ready for it?"
* * * .
SOME FRATERNITY men are eager to
invite others into their houses, but are
barred by clauses. And those who defend
the clauses because they are prejudiced
themselves can only learn by seeing the
barred groups in their houses during rush-
ing, by meeting them on the same grounds
At present most fraternity men are care-
fully cloistered by their second year. I won-
der how the "slow-education" people plan to
change their ideas. Without quibbling about
carts and horses, it seems clear that the
written bar must be removed to aid long
range active tolerance.
And there is a strong argument for action
now in the fraternity-independent cleav-
age. Certainly, independents would be more
tolerant and appreciative of fraternity life
if they felt that any man would join on
his merit, rather than because of his relig-
ious and color background.
* * *
FRATERNITIES are not privileged groups
-and the sooner they realize it the
better. They exist on a college campus with
other students who have taken steps to
remove discrimination from their lives.
These other students do not want dis-
crimination, anywhere at their school,
and their representatives so voted at
the SL meeting Wednesday night.
Rather than protesting, fraternity men
should welcome the fact that students them-
selves are taking these steps. Through the
SL and student members of the SAC, ac-
tion can be taken without administrative
decree from above. Now the students can
clean up their own mess. Later, they may
be forced in the form of a real ultimatum
in which students have no say.
EXISTENCE of discrimination in any form
at an institution of higher education is
disgraceful. The fraternity men themselves
know it, but their planned efforts are inade-
quate to solve the problem.
It is up to the members of the Student
Affairs Committee to settle with their
own consciences if they do not live up
to the real meaning of education by acting
to remove discrimination on this campus.
PD RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
THERE IS GOING TO BE a fantastic hull-
abaloo over the Administration's new
farm price support program. Some of our
leading viewers-with-alarm will really let
go now, and before they get through crit-
icizing Mr. Truman on this one, he is going
to be indistinguishable from Karl Marx,
Atlantic Pact or no Atlantic Pact.
It is important for city people to un-
derstand at least some of the issues in-
volved, or they are in danger of losing the
debate without ever having heard what
the resolution was.
The one feature of the new program
which is of most interest to town and city
characters is that which proposes to keep
down the retail prices of certain relatively
perishable commodities, such as meat, milk,
vegetables and eggs, by paying the farmer
direct subsidies to keep him prosperous,
while allowing market prices to find their
own level, however low.
There is another way to do it-the way
we're using now-and that is for the gov-
ernment to protect the farmer by keeping
all prices up, wholesale and retail. This
the government does by going to the farm
or to the market and buying-and buying
-and buying. This helps the farmer, sure
enough, but, unfortunately, it pegs prices
at a point at which consumption (namely,
eating) falls off.
There are many reasons for opposition to
subsidies. One is the argument that sub-
sidies involve too much government control
over the farmer, because the government, as
a normal part of a subsidy program, tries
to steer the farmer into producing foods that
are badly needed and in short supply. Those
who offer this argument would be more
persuasive if they were against all govern-
ment props, but they're not-they want the
money, without the planning.
Another reason for opposition is that
the government does not intend to make
full subsidy payments to large commercial
farms; it plans to reserve most of the
benefits for the family farm, and this,
naturally, makes for a certain amount of
difference of opinion and friction in the
The argument you are most likely to hear
is this-that low market prices, under a
subsidy plan, are deceiving, that "you pay
the high prices anyway" in the form of
the taxes that give the farmer his subsidy.
Ah-but at least you get the low market
prices. Under the present scheme of artifi-
cial purchases, you pay the taxes to sup-
port government buying-and you pay, the
high prices, too. It's certainly better to pay
once than twice.
Some observers have been wondering, as
a matter of fact, how long consumers would
"stand for" paying the taxes that are used
for propping schemes to keep their own
food prices up. I don't think they're going
to stand for it very long. Weare going
back to a Roosevelt idea, one that should
never have been dropped.
(Copyright, 1949, New York Post Corporation)
At the'Michigan .e
MY DEAR SECRETARY, with Kirk Doug-
las, Laraine Day, and Keenan Wynn.
ALTHOUGH THE PICTURE has some
very funny flashes here and there, the
general evidence of wasted talent is appall-
In other words, it's fairly entertaining-
but it might have been substantially better.
It's the same old trouble as always: a good
cast is handcuffed by a mediocre story.
Here we have best-selling author Kirk
Douglas chasing his private secretary-Lar-
aine Day-a tale so weak that the part
of Keenan Wynn appears to have been
thrown in as a last minute effort to give
the thing some zip.
The result of this inept culinary proce-
dure is a rather tasteless left-over stew.
Douglas-who has finally achieved justly
due acting prominence in the forthcoming
"Champion"-is responsible for what small
unity the picture has. Through alternating
reels of tortured comedy and marital trag-
edy he succeeds, at least, in being consistent-
ly indifferent to unlikely and unhappy plot
Laraine Day, although more attractive
than the set furnishings, serves no more use-
ful function. She, as the object of the boss'
affection, is a beautiful picture of girlish
vigor-but a graven image would serve al-
most as well.
At the State . .
MY OWN TRUE LOVE, with Phyllis Cal-
vert and Melvyn Douglas.
IF YOU ATTEND the theatre at all you
know what happens when a person de-
cides to . . . "go to Cornwall for a few
days on the seashore." 'Oh come now . . .
Yes you do. You may have seen it happen
to Redgrave or Mason or Olivier. Now you
can find out how Melvyn Douglas does it.
It's all here, kiddies. War problems, Love
"That Was A Right Nice Dove That Truman Sent Me"
Letters to the Editor-
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2) I
tunities available under the Merit1
System for college graduates. In
addition to the general infor-
mation herein contained, an ex-
amination for the position of the
Junior Case Worker to be held
May 7 is announced. Applications
must be sendt in immediately. ,
For further information and ap-
pointments concerning the above,t
call Ext. 371, or stop in the office,
3528 Administration Bldg.
The Thomas M. Cooley Lectures,
third series; auspices of the Law
School and the William W. Cook
Endowment. General subject,
"Some Problems of Equity." First
lecture, "Coming into Equity with
Uxlclean Hands -1." Zechariah
Chafee, Jr., Langdell Professor of
Law, Harvard University. 4:15
p.m., Mon., April 18, 120 Hutchins
University Lecture: "The Poetry,
of Wallace Stevens." Dr. J. V.
Cunningham, University of Chi-
cago; auspices of the Department
of English Language and Litera-
'ure., 4; pm Fri.. April 15,
University Lecture: "Vergil and
' Augustus." Erik Sjogvist, Director
of the Swedish Academy at Rome
and Visiting Professor at Prince-
ton University; auspices of the
Department of Classics. 4:15 p.m.,
Mon., April 18, Rackham Amphi-
University Lecture: "Heredity
and Modern Life" (illustrated).
Dr. Laurence H. Snyder, Dean of
the Graduate School, University
of Oklahoma; auspices of the
Laboratory of Vertebrate Biology.
4:15 p.m., Mon., April 18, Kellogg
Economics Lecture: "Bias in
Communication." Dr. Harold A.
Innis, Professor and Head of the
Department of Political Economy,
University of Toronto; auspices of
the Department of Economics.
Tues., April 19, 4:15 p.m., Rack-
ham Amphitheatre. The public is
American Chemical Society Lee-
ure: Dr. Henry Eyring, Dean of
the Graduate School, University of
Utah. "Application of Modern Re-
action Rate Theory to Living Sys-
tems." Fri., April 15, 8 p.m., 1300
Doctoral Examination for Ed-1
win Lavern Cooper, Zoology; the-
sis: "Age and Growth of Brook
Trout, Salvelinus fontinalis
(Mitchill), in Michigan," Fri.,
April 15, 3091 Natural Science
Bldg., 9 a.m. Chairman, K. F. Lag-,
Astronomical Seminar: Fri.,
April 15, 4:15 p.m., Observatory.
Speaker: Dr. Evry Schatzman, In-
stit ut d'Astrophysique, Paris,
Subject: Wave Phenomena in the
Solar Chromosphere and Corona."
Good Friday Choral Service,
4:15 p.m., Hill Auditorium. Uni-
versity of Michigan Choir, May-
nard Klein, Conductor, Marilyn
Mason, Organist, and Philip Duey,
Narrator. Compositions by Pales-
trina, Bach, and Heinrich Schutz.
Open to the public without charge.
Student Recital: Evelyn Wohl-
gemuth, Mezzo-soprano, will pre-
sent a program at 8 p.m., Mon.,
April 18, Hussey Room, Michigan
League, as partial fulfillment of
the requirements for the degree of
Bachelor of Music. Miss Wohlge-
muth is a pupil of Arthur Hackett.
Program: Works by Handel,
Lawes, Horn, Debussy, Barber, and
Schumann. Open to the public.
"The Synchroton," Dr. H. R.
Crane, 8 p.m., Rackham Amphi-
theatre. Sponsored by Detroit
Section IRE and Student Branch
Alpha Lambda Delta: All women
who are eligible for membership
in Alpha Lambda Delta and who
wish to be initiated this spring
must register in the Women's
League lobby today from 2-5 p.m.
Dues are $3.50. Pins, if desired,
may also be ordered at this time
-plain pins $3.5$, jeweled pins
Hawaii Club: Meeting, Rm. 3-G,
Modern Poetry Club: Meeting, 8
p.m., West Conference Room,
The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pl-
lcy Is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
toryscharacter or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
* * *
To the Editor:
WE WOULD LIKE to call the
attention of the University
community to a meeting which we
believe to be one of the most im-
portant that has been held on
campus this year. The Lawyers
Guild and AVC are jointly spon-
soring a discussion of the Com-
munist trials now being held in
New York. The meeting will take
place at the Michigan Union this
afternoon at 4:15 p.m. and the
public is invited.
Problems raised by the trial are
among the most urgent that the
American people are now facing.
The repercussions will be felt in
our international relations, as well
as in our attitude toward personal
liberties of our citizens. The out-
come of the trial will have a pro-
found effect on our system of gov-
The speakers are three persons
Morton, Pa., will be in 1523 E.
Engineering, Tues., April 19, to
interview Mechanical, Civil, Elec-
trical, and Aeronautical Engineers.
There will also be a speaker from
Piasecki, 7:30 p.m., Mon., April 18,
Rm. 3G, Union.
The Annual French Play: Le
Cercle Francis will present "La
Belle Aventure," a comedy in 3
acts by de Caillavet, de Flers and
Rey, Tues., April 19, 8 p.m., Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. Tickets on
sale at the box office, 2 to 5:30
p.m., April 16 and 18; 2 to 8 p.m.,
April 19. Free admission to mem-
bers of the club (except tax) upon
presentation of their membership
The Inter-Guild Council will not
meet this Sunday as formerly
planned due to the fact that this
is Easter Sunday.
Committee to End Discrimina-
tion, subcommittee of the Inter-
Racial Association, meeting is
postponed until Mon., April 18, 4
Congregational Disciples Guild:
Meet at the Guild House at 5:20
a.m. or at the Geddes entrance of
the Arboretum at 5:30 a.m. for an
Easter Sunrise Service.
Wesleyan Guild: Easter Sunrise
Service on Top o' the World. Meet
at the Wesley Foundation, 5:30
a.m. Breakfast follows the Serv-
ice. Reserve for transportation
and breakfast by calling 6881.
With a whine of petulant anger,
the Illinois State Legislature has
decreed an investigation of "any
and all subversive activities which
may now exist" at two of Chicago's
notable educational institutions,
the University of Chicago and
Although the inquiry is presum-
ably aimed at determining ,the ex-
tent to which students there have
become "indoctrinated with Com-
munistic and other subversive the-
ories contrary to our free system of
representative government," loca
liberals, mindful of the witch-
hunting tactics of other legisla-
tive bodies, anticipate a smear
campaign against both schools.
What gives special interest tc
the investigation, scheduled to
start any day now, is the manner
in which it was touched off.
On last March 1, the Illinois
Senate Judiciary Committee con.
vened in Springfield, the state
capital, to consider six bills pro-
posed by the Seditious Activities
Committee, named two years ago
and headed by Representative
Paul Broyles, a downstate Repub-
lican and former American Le-
gion officer, who is sincere, naive,
These bills, the result of con-
siderable probing and nosing
about by ex-FBI men, are intend-
ed, among other things, to outlaw
the Communist Party in Illinois,
force teachers as well as public
officials to take non-Communist
oaths and make membership in al-
leged Communist-front groupsa
felony punishable by a fine and
well-qualified to discuss the ques-
tion in all its aspects; legal, po-
litical, and historical. Professor
Paul Kauper teaches constitution-
al law at the law school here.
Professor Preston Slosson is a
member of the history depart-
ment, formerly a radio news ocm-
mentator, and the Democratic
candidate of Congress from this
district in the 1948 election. Mr.
Ernest Goodman is a well-known
civil liberties lawyer, Progressive
Party candidate for attorney-gen-
eral for Michigan in the 1948
election, and a member of one
of the law firms handling the de-
fense in the trial of the Commu-
The afternoon promises to be
an interesting and informative
one. We hope that youir readers
will take advantage of it.
-Leo Weiss, Chairman,
To the Editor:
THE STUDENTS of Michigan
are at long last going to get
a break.aThree weeks ago, a tre-
mendous blow was dealt which
has slightly dented Ann Arbor's
iron bound grip on runner up po-
sition to Washington, D.C. as the
highest cost of living area in the
United States. This bit of prog-
ress was perpetrated by a group
of students who got together with
Doug Miller, cafeteria proprietor
and arrived at the conclusion that
the status quo is a crime, against
any student's pocket book and
that it is possible to alleviate and
remedy the situation by offering
high quality food at rock bottom
prices. Thus, one of the main
planks of a proposed eating club
was nailed into place.
Not only will this group eat
the best food at the lowest prices
but one of the great features of
the organization lies in the fact
that the food, management and
administrative policies will be for-
mulated by the students and car-
ried out by Mr. Miller. There will
be a committee elected by the
club to handle any gripes or sug-
gestions as to the quality, quan-
tity and diversity of food, that
might come up. What could be
For those luxury loving indivi-
duals who don't get up for break-
fast, or itinerants who don't eat
during the week-end for various
reasons, special rates have been
The price of a meal ticket cover-
ing the full nineteen meals is
$9.50; no breakfasts, '$8.50; no
breakfasts, no week-ends, $6.95.
Association Coffee Hour:
p.m., Lane Hall.
IME INTENSE mental strain of turning
out wise legislation is beginning to tell
on our Congress, to the extent that some of
its august members are speaking like can-
didates for a psychopathic ward.
Doubtless inspired by a constituent's
suggestion that we wage war by flying
radio-phonographs, Representative Can-
non, (Dem., Mo.), head of the House Mili-
tary Affairs Committee, stole the show
when he declared, "Let us equip soldiers
from other nations and let them send their
boys into the holocausts instead of send-
ing our own boys."
This is sweet music to the ears of senti-
mental mothers and draft-age Americans,
but it's incomprehensible and unrealistic
It is like telling Western Europeans, whose
fate has recently been cemented to Amer-
ica's by the North Atlantic Pact, "Now that
we're legally allied, one of our country's
leaders, supposedly speaking for a sizeable
segment of American opinion, thinks that
you should take our material, which it didn't
cost any blood to produce, and send your
men out onto the field to fight our war."
It might be that Cannon has not heard
of the North Atlantic Treaty, or that he
just wanted to let off some of his feelings
of anxiety for a draft age son, and thought
Congress was a good place to speak.
But leaks do occur from the floor of
Congress, and Europeans will unfortunately
be quite surprised, and none too pleased
when they learn that the United States,
which has recently promised to stand by
them through thick and thin, has concluded
that the best way toward Western solidarity
is giving the Europeans all the arms they
want, with the understanding that our peo-
ple will not be discommoded should there
be a war with Russia.
Committee for Civil Rights:
Open meeting, 7:30 p.m., Un-
ion. Elections and discussion of
the case, "The Trenton Six."
AVC forum on Communist trials:
Professors Kauper, and Slosson,
and attorney Ernest Goodman.
4:15 p.m., Rm. 3A Union.
German Coffee Hour: 3-30 p.m.,
Russian Tea Room, League. Stu-
dents and faculty members invit-
Hillel Foundation UJA Central
Committee: Meeting for all cap-
tains, 4:15 p.m., Rm. 3N, Union.
Canterbury Club: 12-3 p.m.
Three-Hour Service with addresses
by Rev. John Burt. No tea at 4
p.m. "The German Requiem" by
Brahms will be sung by the mem-
bers of the Schola Cantorum at
Applicants for the Ph.D. in Eng-
lish are invited to a meeting, 4:30
p.m., Mon., April 18, 2235 Angell
Hall. Requirements for the Doc-
tor's Degree in English will be dis-
Economics Club: Dr. Harold A.
Innis,-Professor and Head of the
department of political economy
at the University of Toronto, will
speak on "The Impact of Technol-
ogy on Public Opinion in the
United States," Mon., April 18,
7:45 p.m., Rackham Amphithea-
tre. The public is invited.
Interviews: Mr. Walter W.
Bishop, Director of Industrial Re-
lations, Isiasecki Helicopter Corp.
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the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
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Al Blumrosen ........Associate Editor
Leon Jaroff.........Associate Editor
Robert C. White ......Associate Editor
B. S. Brown...........Sports Editor
Bud Weidenthal ..Associate Sports Ed.
Bev Bussey ....Sports Feature Writer
Audrey Buttery.......Women's Editor
Mary Ann Harris Asso. Women's Editor
Bess Hayest. ..................LlbrariaD
Richard Hait .......Business Manager
Jean Leonard ....Advertising Manager
William Culman .... Finance Manage!
Cole Christian ...Circulation Manager
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At Lydia Mendelssohn .*.
THE WELL-DIGGER'S DAUGHTER, with
Raimu, Fernandel and Charpin
RAIMU AS THE shrewd French workman,
Fernandel as his good-hearted, not too
bright assistant, Charpin as Raimu's foil-
dignity, and above all, proud. His pride
in his work is surpassed only by pride in
his family. It is an altogether humane
pride and when his daughter's wrong-
doing threatens it, it is his love for her
which redeems it.
"The Well-Digger's Daughter" is filled
with delightful incidents sometimes rather
I did act in haste. And if one
H Through some oversight, your mother 11