tHE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 13, 1949
Thuds on Iron
NEW RUMBLINGS OF unrest from within
the Iron Curtain have been heard re-
The latest sign of dissatisfaction with
Moscow's domination of her satellites' do-
nestic and foreign affairs comes from
within Poland, where a new crisis within
the leadership of the Polish Communist
party has arisen. According to reports
from Warsaw, Poland's Minister of Trade,
Hilary Minc, has drawn the wrath of the
Russian Central Committee for his opposi-
tion to a Moscow-ordered speed-up in the
collectivization of land.
Minc, who succeeded Wladyslow Gomulka
who was ousted for his attempt to obtain
a degree of party independence from Mos-
cow, is apparently following the lead of
Yugoslavia's Tito in fighting for at least
token control of Polish domestic affairs.
Favoring a moderate rate of collectiviza-
tion which would allow the Polish peasants
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: MARY STEIN
to join the program voluntarily, Mine has
expressed his belief that capitalistic elements
must be retained for some time in order
to avoid "drastic upheavals." Last year even
his moderate program was resisted by the
peasants who, in protest, slaughtered live-
stock to such an extent that a severe meat
In addition, Mine is known to favor trade
with the West as a partial solution to Po-
land's economic problems.
Now it is reported,, however, that Minc
will be quietly "removed" after the Central
Committee's meeting later this month
which is scheduled to investigate the up-
risings which have been repeatedly occur-
ing within the Politburo.
It seems very unlikely that Minc can avoid
the Russian "ax" and another chapter will
be written in Moscow's extensive program to
tyrannize her satellites behind the protective
veil of the Iron Curtain.
Again it appears obvious that Russia is
not merely interested in establishing free
governments in the countries of Eastern
Europe and the Balkans, but is really intent
on obtaining an even firmer grasp on the
reins and direct them towards the promo-
tion of her own personal ends.
SOVIET EFFORTS to brand the United
States as Russia's ruination, generally
considered fruitless and ill-founded by the
American public, have taken on a histrionic
"New Look" along Moscow's Broadway.
From all reports a new Russian stage
success, cleverly titled "The Conspiracy
of the Doomed, or in a Certain Country,"
has taken the capital city by storm. And
it's plain to see how our friends from the
listemperate zone would welcome with
open arms any opportunity to mask Soviet
anti-Americanism opinion with an actor's
The play, reminiscent of the drain-the-
cup-of-drama-to-its-dregs type of theatrical
famous here a few decades ago, has as its
central theme the foiling of a U.S. inter-
vention plot and the subsequent repulsion,
from a "people's democracy" of Eastern
Europe, of several American agents of im-
perialism. It has the usual elements, too-
a sadistic villain, a femme fatale, (in the
person of a sexy Chicago blonde) and the
heroes who eventually manage to transform
evil into good, in the face of a nationwide
Remarkably enough, author Nikolai
Virta remembered to include all the cur-
rent U.S.-Russian bones of contention-
the rejection of the Marshall Plan, the
adherence to ideals of Marx and Lenin
and, of course, the atom bomb situation.
It is the latter which provokes the most
positive laugh reaction, according to one
American correspondent; hilarity runs
side by side with pointed sarcasm when a
certain "bloated" American capitalist re-
marks that "God gave the United States
the atom bomb with which to bring peace
to the world."
No sooner does the plot begin to thicken
than top-ranking Bolshevists step in to un-
ravel the mess. A claim that Marshall aid
should -be discarded because the Soviet
people, though devastated by war, are will-j
ing to help by sacrificing personal welfare
and demand nothing in return, smacks of
And we are inclined to laugh off a blunt
crack at U.S.-Soviet diplorpacies, to the ef-
fect that "in negotiating with Wall Street,
we are debased and insulted, whereas deal-
ings with the Soviet Union are on the basis
Probably there will be no harm done as a
result of this drama-except maybe a few
American sides split after reading its ac-
counts. But the play seems to indicate that
some Russians are really going overboard in
attempts to cast America as a dread villain,
to be discouraged and ignored.
A GROUP of the nation's top economists
have submitted a plan to Congress to
ward off a possible depression. The plan
proposes that the federal government in-
crease its spending along certain lines, pri-
marily in public utilities.
Business men and Congress have re-
jected this proposal. While the country is
enjoying a period of prosperity depression
cures have no place on the agenda. The
idea of "planning" has a subversive tinge.
Government "interference" with the "in-
visible hand" that supposedly guides the
nation's economy is dreaded by the bus-
iness men who claim that they can get
along without government "meddling."
Looking at facts, however, big business
didn't do so well in the early 30's. It was
government "planning" that pulled them out
of the depths of a depression.
When government spends much money,
as the U.S. now is doing in meeting her
foreign committments, the national in-
come of a country is high. There is no un-
But the trouble will arise, according to
the nation's top economists, when the gov-
ernment spending decreases. What they want
to do is "plan" ahead for that time.
After the Marshall Plan is no longer
needed, the stoppage of the government buy-
ing would throw millions out of work. The
economists propose that government funds
be channelized into improving public works,
thereby serving a dual function, keeping
people employed and increasing public serv-
But planning is not in keeping with the
sacred American institution of free enter-
prise, claim Congress and business. Maybe
they'd rather have a repetition of 1933.
-Norma Jean Harelik.
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT-
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
THE CASE OF Western Germany shows
how difficult-one might just as well
say impossible-it is for the postwar world
to get along decently without a strong
The problem is to make Germany sturdy
enough economically so that she can pay
her own way and contribute to European
recovery, but without becoming a military
menace to the world. These aims are some-
what contradictory, and, obviously, they can
be carried out only in the presence of a
really strong, really able United Nations.
What happens when we try to do the job
without that sort of U.N.?
The most fantastic difficulties arise. It
is about two years since America decided
that occupation costs would have to come
down, that Western Germany would have
to carry her own weight, and play a ma-
jor part in the world economy. That de-
cision sent a cold chill through some of
our former allies, especially France. We
have held firm, and we have had our own
way. The price, however, has been that
we have had to reassure the French, and
French fear of Germany has played a part
in all the complicated and expensive se-
curity arrangements we are building in
Europe, culminating in the Atlantic Pact.
And when one considers the cost to us, in
manpower, metal and money, of some of
these security arrangements, one feels that
our ingenious plan for saving money in
Europe by building Germany up has per-
haps not worked out precisely as scheduled.
It is hard to point one's finger at any clear
saving. Certainly it is the impression in
Paris that we have accumulated obligations
in France in direct proportion as we have
tried to reduce them in Germany. And,
ironically, on the same day this week on
which the Occupation Statute was published,
pointing toward limited Western German
self-rule, it was revealed that several West-
ern European countries have asked that we
send more ground troops to the Continent.
Another result of our effort to build a
strong, but not dangerous, Germane' (inthe
absence of the kind of United Nations which
alone can see to it that countries are strong,
but not dangerous) has been to make us
seem to be Germany's special friend and
advocate, in the European mind.
Finally, there is a kind of third com-
plication; it is that we ourselves, after
building the Germans up to visions of
strength and liberty, find that we are not
really ready to let go. We alternate
between opening these blissful perspec-
tives for the Germans, and maintaining
the restrictions we know to be necessary.
The new Occupation Statute of the tri-
zonal powers shows the process at work.
In it we offer the German federal states
and the laender "full lgeislative, execu-
tive and judicial powers"-but we reserve
control over the Ruhr, foreign trade, for-
eign affairs, restrictions on industry, sci-
entific research, etc. The result is that
there is bitter resentment in Germany
over the very same process of which there
is apprehension outside of Germany. No-
body is really happy; and here, again,
we have that amalgam of cross-purposes
which is the inevitable result of trying to
do in an insecure world a job which can
only be done in a securely organized world.
" - r
qw rxw .A..rL'o tflSn
~DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN~
Letters to the Editor-
MATTER OF FACT:
By JOSEPH ALSOP
WASHINGTON-An informal agreement
already exists between Paris and Lon-
don, that an American general will be
named to the Supreme Mililtary Command
if the Soviet Union attacks the Western
powers. This agreement, reported some
months ago in this space, was the condition.
of French acceptance of Field Marshal
Montgomery as chairman of the command-
ers in chief's committee of the Brussels or
Western Union powers.
The agreement was and is logical. As
long as American troops in Germany block
the Soviet advance into Europe, we must
be automatically involved in any European
conflict. Our decisive, yet impartial posi-
tion makes it natural for the French to
prefer an American commander to an
Englishman, and for the British to prefer
an American to a Frenchman. Yet even
this conditional and unannounced agree-
ment should be enough to convey to every
American a sense of this country's vast
responsibilities as leader of the West.
Now, however, this sense of responsibility
is likely to be brought home publicly and
formally, in the most specific possible
manner. Someone must have the assign.
ment of making the Atlantic Pact work.
There is a strong move on foot to choose an
American for the post and General Omar
Bradley is the almost universally popular
candidate. If the plan goes into effect, Brad-
ley will have some such cumbersome title
as chairman of the committee of chiefs
of staff of the Atlantic pact. But he will in
fact be acting as chief of staff of the west-
Making the Atlantic pact work is going
to be infinitely more difficult than most
people suppose, even if implementation of
the pact is not rejected -by Congress or
sabotaged from within the Administration.
The present defenses of the Atlantic com-
munity must be quickly integrated. Roles
and missions in all spheres, from arms pro-
duction to putting divisions in the field,
must be decided for the member nations.
Long range military plans must be laid.
American lend lease equipment must be
parcelled out among many national compe-
All these activities add up to a gi-
wa,.4.nt , nrafil mnlex. fantast~gica2lly
tions. They were and are foremost in the
minds of the Foreign Ministers and their
staffs, as anyone could observe when the
invasion of Washington began. They bulk
largest in the minds of the Europeans who
are closest to danger.
Still worse, it may come to general accept-
ance of a fake, like the fake military head-
quarters of the Brussels powers at Fon-
tainbleau. This establishment has now
reached the stage of evoking sad smiles from
any informed European to which it is men-
Field Marshal Montgomery is theoreti-
cally supreme commander. The French
General de Lattre de Tasigny is theoret-
ically commander of the Western Union's
ground forces. The Western Union chiefs
of staff have a committee which sits,
not in Fontainbleau, but in London. Able,
even brilliant men, are involved in these
peculiar arrangements, but the dispersion
of authority, the conciliation of petty
pride, the complexity of organization have
been carried to such lengths that the
entire machine is useless.
On this point, surely, the time has come
when long-established facts can be publicly
recognized. A year and a half ago, before
Weste'rn Union was formed, Air Chief Mar-
shal Tedder came from London to Wash-
ington to consult the American chiefs of
staff. The American chief firmly stated that
the defense of Western Europe was essentid
to this country. This in turn constiuted the
go-ahead signal, after which Western Union,
and then the Atlantic pact, naturally fol-
lowed. Secrecy may have been all very well
then. But we are not just knee deep-we
are now up to our necks-in the cold waters
of world responsibility. We may as well face
and admit the plain facts.
(Copyright, 1949, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
(Continued from Page 3)
p.m., Wed., April 13, Rackham
Education Lecture Series: "The
Training of College Teachers.
Ralph A. Sawyer, Dean of the
Horace H. Rackham School of
Graduate Studies. 7 p.m., Wed.,
April 13, University High School
Auditorium. Students, faculty and
guests invited. Coffee hour.
Annual Galens Lecture, auspices
of the Galens Society. "The For-
mation of Normal Ureter in Ani-
mal and Man from Narrow Strips
of Intact Ureter." Dr. David M.
Davis, Chairman, Department of
Urology, Jefferson Medical Col-
lege, Philadelphia. 8:30 p.m., Wed,
April 13, Kellogg Auditorium.
Lecture, open to law students
and other interested persons. "Re-
cent Developments in English Ad-
ministrative Law-Part I." Wil-
liam A. Robson, Professor of Pub-
lic Administration, London School
of Economics and Political Sci-
ence, England; auspices of the
Law School. 4:15 p.m., Thurs.,
April 13, 120 Hutchins Hall.
University Lecture: "Master-
terpieces of Egyptian Painting."
Professor Jean St. Fare Garnot,
Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes,
The Sorbonne, Paris; auspices of
the Department of Near Eastern
Studies. 4:15 p.m., Thurs., April
13, Rackham Amphitheatre.
Spanish 82, 164, 210 and 296:
Professor Anderson Imbert's
classes will meet as usual this
Speed of Reading Course: Non-
credit course designed to assist
students improve their reading
speed, Tuesday and Thursday, 4
p.m., 4009 University High School,
starting Tues., April 19; auspices
of the School of Education. Four
weeks course open to all interest-
Aerodynamics Seminar, Aero.
Eng. 160: Wed., April 13, 4-6 p.m.,
1508 E. Engineering Bldg.
Topic: "Basis equations of dia-
batic compressible flows with ro-
tation." All graduate students in-
Astronomical Seminar: Fri.,
April 15, 4:15 p.m., Observatory.
Speaker: Dr. Evry Schatzman, In-
stitut d'Astrophysique, Paris,
Subject: Wave Phenomena in the
Solar Chromosphere and Corona."
Bacteriology Seminar: Thurs.,
April 14, 8:30 a.m., 1520 E. Medical
Bldg. Speaker: Robert Chamber-
lain. Subject: The Rh Factor
Chemistry Colloquium: Wed.,
April 13, 4 p.m., 1400 Chemistry
Bldg. Mr. Charles Horton will
speak on "Separation and Deter-
mination of Fluoride."
Wildlife Management Seminar:
Kenneth Hungerford of the School
of Forestry and Conservation will
present an illustrated talk on the
Yellowstone Big Game Range. 7:30
p.m., Botany Seminar Room, 1139
Natural Science Bldg., Wed., April
13. All wildlife students are ex-
pected to attend.
School of Education Testing
Program: All students who antici-
pate obtaining a teacher's crtifi-
cate or are considering teaching
is a possible profession are re-
luired to take a group of tests to
)e given Thurs., April 14, in 130
and 140 Business Administration
Bldg. These tests are not dupli-
cates of those used in other un-
rersitiy testing programs. Stu-
lents who have taken the School
of Education tests in previous se-
mesters need not repeat them.
Sports Instruction for Women:
Women students may register for
physical education classes today
in Office 15, Barbour Gymnasium.
Vacancies are offered for election
in Elem. Golf, Archery, Fencing,
Outing, Riding, Elem. Swimming,
Elem. and Intermediate Modern
Dance and Posture, Figure and
The University of Michigan Rep-
ertoire Orchestra, Paul Bryan and
Thomas Wilson, Conductors, as-
sisted by the Arts Chorale direct-
ed by Maynard Klein, will present
a program in West Lodge Audito-
rium, Willow Run, 8 p.m., Thurs.,
April 14. Compositions: Schubert,
Bizet, Stainer, Bach, Holst, Cop-
land, Moussorgsky, Crause, and
Gounod. Open to the public.
University String Quartet, Gil-
bert Ross and Emil Raab, violin-
ists, Paul Doktor, violist, and Oliv-
er Edel, cellist, will be heard at
8 p.m., Wed., April 13, Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre. The program,
open to the general public, will
include Mozart's Quartet in D ma-
jor, K. 575, Anton Von Webern's'
Five Movements for String Quar-
tet, Op. 5, and Quartet in G minor,
Op. 10 by Debussy.
Student Recital: Ford Mont-
gomery, student of piano with
John Kollen, will present a pro-
gram at 8 p.m., Thurs., Rackham
Assembly Hall, in partial fulfill-
ment of the requirements for the
degree of Master of Music.,Com-
positions: Mozart, Schubert, Grif-
fes, Medtner and Brahms. Open
to the public.
Student Legislature: Meeting,
Grand Rapids Room, League.
1. Cabinet Report:
A. Clean-up committees.
B. Regents' replies.
C. Report on Wisconsin Sympo-
D. Treasurer's Report.
E. Report on letter from Re-
II. Committee Reports:
B. Cultural and Educational.
F. Campus Action.
G. Bill Miller.
III. Old Business:
A. Report on UNESCO conven-
IV. New Business:
Sigma Xi: Dr. Robert Gesell,
Chairman of the Department of
Physiology. "Some Electrical As-
pects of Neuro-Physiology," 8 p.m.,
Rackham Amphitheatre. The pub-
lic is invited.
Arts Chorale: Meeting, 7 p.m.,
506 Burton Tower.
Delta Sigma Pi, Professional
The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory characterror such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
* * *
To the Editor:
SECURITY now in order to build
a better world later" is the
battle-cry of the self-styled "in-
ternationalists" who supported the
Atlantic Pact. They realize that
the "Pact" is a step backwards in
violation of the spirit of the UN
Charter, if not the letter; but they
feel necessity demands "the Pact"
These "internationalists" are
leading the people astray. By tem-
porarily relaxing their grip on
their principles, they are un1-
wittingly opening the flood-gates
of uncontrollable, irrational pas-
sions, which will eventually sweep
away all their dreams of a better
The force these "international-
ists" are defaulting to is pure,
undiluted chauvinistic National-
ism, which is more interested in
unrestrained power and privilege
than true international coopera-
A better name for it would be
the "C'ult of Nation-State Wor-
ship" which has been growing ever
since man abandoned "The City
of God" of the middle ages and
started building "The City of
Man." Men today feel that their
state is the source of all value-
property, peace, liberty, and hap-
business administration frater-
nity: Business Meeting, 7:30 p.r.,
Chapter House, 1212 Hill.
Toledo Club: Meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
Rm. E, 3rd floor, League.
West Quad Radio Club: Meet-
ing, 7:30 p.m. Discussion of open
Flying Club: Open meeting, 7:30
p.m., E. Engineering Bldg.
U. of M. Sailing Club: Shore
school, 7 p.m., 311 W. Engineering
Women of the University Fac-
ulty: Tea, 4 to 6 p.m., Rm. D.,
U. of M. Theater Guild will com-
plete its casting of Maxwell An-
derson's "Winterset." Practice be-
gins, 7:30 tonight, League.
Canterbury Club: 7:15 a.m. Holy
Communion followed by student
Congregational Disciples Guild:
Vesper services during Holy Week
at the Congregational Church as
follows: Wed., 5:15 p.m.; Thurs., 5
p.m.; Friday 9:30 p.m.
Michigan Christian Fellowship:
Bible Study, Book of Acts, Chap-
ter VIIII, 7:30 p.m., Upper Room,
Westminster Guild, First Pres-
byterian Church: Informal tea,
4 to 6 p.m., Russel parlor, church
piness, Without it nothing re-
mains, thus he is especially com-
pletely dependent upon it. He
must build it up as perfect and
worship it as the supreme good-
Now we are told our state is
threatened, military might alone
can save it. Men leap to its de-
fense led by our "international-
ists." The drums begin to beat.
tears fill the eyes of the patriot,
and the great blind forces are re-
Yet the State-the "Pact"-are
empty-a rope of sand. There is
no real security, no lasting peace,
no prosperity in them. However,
our "internationalists" are giving
the people the grand illusion that
somehow the Atlantic Pact will
make possible the continuance of
their beloved nation-state, and all
the milk and honey that flows
True internationalists will stand
on their principles of public opin-
ion. They will point out that the
nation-state system can no longer
provide for the needs of the peo-
ple, and must therefore be dis-
solved. They will brand the At-
lantic Pact for its abortive at-
tempt to reinforce a decadent
system, as the blind piece of
chauvinism and public delusion
that it is. They will continue to
speak of the necessity of the
American people taking immediate
steps to unite with all free men
everywhere in the building of a
free and prosperous world com-
monwealth under universal law.
Only in such a community will
the American people and all peo-
ple find the ends human needs
-George W. Shepherd, Jr.
* * *
To the Editor:
THE CAMPUS chapter of Alpha
Phi Omega, service fraternity,
is starting a drive among its mem-
bers and friends to collect cloth-
ing and books for a group of stu-
dents at the University of Tuebin-
gen in the French Zone of Ger-
These students, as part of their
studies of the United States, have
been corresponding with members
of this fraternity. It has been clear
to us that these young men need
not only our friendship and letters,
but clothing and books and mag-
azines as well. We have therefore
assumed the responsibility of col-
lecting the needed items.
Students, members of the fac-
ulty, and townspeople wishing to
join us in this drive, which will
last from April 12 until May 13,
are invited to bring the clothing
and books to the basement of Lane
Hall at any time during that pe-
-Herbert M. Leiman,
Chairman University of
Tuebingen Relief Committee.
Roger Williams Guild:
Week Vesper service, 5:10
"chat" at Guild
nal Club: Two meetings on Thurs.,
April 14. Speaker: Dr. Brian Ma-
son, Department of Geology, Indi-
ana University. First talk, 12 noon,
2054 Natural Science is entitled
"Mineral Collecting in Northern
Europe." Second, 4:15 p.m., 2082
Natural Science, is entitled "The
Chemical Evolution of the Earth."
All interested persons are invited.
American Society for Public
Administration: Social Seminar,
Thurs., April 14, 7:30 p.m., East
Conference Room, Rackham Bldg.
Guest speaker: Prof. Lynton K.
Caldwell, Syracuse University, Co-
ordinator of the New York State
Internship Program. All those in-
terested in public administration
Student-Faculty hour: Thurs.,
April 14, 4-5 p.m., Grand Rapids
Room, League. Political Science
(Continued on Page 5)
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50 YEARS AGO TODAY:
The Freshman class successfully conclud-
ed the social season with a gala banquet
at Grangers despite repeated attempts of
mass scalping by the Sophomores - a cam-
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And I'll frrlra if fn A m h^ll^ur frwnl
Nnvnnn A~4 4^1,1' P",& P.4 fan cif4inrr Anrn 1