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March 13, 1949 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1949-03-13

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CHICAGO
THREAT
See Page 4

t.g an
Latest Deadline in the State

Iatt

_ .r-----=--- _
r
r
j
CLOUDY, POSSMLE SNOW

VOL. LIX, No. 114 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MARCH 13, 1949
I - _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Recommend
Power Slash
For Bureaus
Suggestion Made
By Hoover Group
WASHINGTON -(P)-Clipping
the wings of some of the nine in-
dependent government commis-
sions by trimming away executive
powers was advocated by the
Hoover Commission.
"Purely executive functions too
frequently have been entrusted to
these independent regulatory com-
missions," the Hoover group said
in its 12th report on how the
federal administrative structure
might be improved.

.

UMW Shutdown
Hits Rail Workers
Strike Protests Boyd Appointment;
Expect Steel Mills To Be Affected
By The Associated Press
More than 55,375 railroad workers felt the impact yesterday of
John L. Lewis' order directing his United Mine Workers to stay out
of the nation's coal pits for the next two weeks.
Lewis ┬░ordered hais 40,000 miners to stay away from the mines
both as a memorial to dead and injured workers and as a protest
against President Truman's appointment of James Boydes as Bureau
of Mines Director. The UMW considers Boyd unqualified because
he has never been a miner.
* * * *
AT LEAST FIVE railroads were immediately affected by Lewis'
surprise move. The Pennsylvania Railroad announced that it would

*

*

SPECIFICALLY, the
prepared under direction
mer President Herbert
proposed:

report,
of f or-
Hoover,

Transfer of the Maritime
Commission's supervision of
ship construction, operation,
sale and charter of ships to the
Commerce Department.
Transfer of the equipment,
inspection and safety and car
service functions of the Inter-
state Commerce Commission to.
the Commerce Department.
Transfer of the power planning
duties of the Federal Power Com-
mission to the Interior Depart-
ment.
That the establishment of rules
relating to the safety of aircraft
operation be shifted to the Com-
merce Department, with the right
of appeal to the Civil Aeronautics
Board.
THE NINE commissions which
have been under study by the
Hoover group are the Power
Commission, Trade Commission,
Maritime Commission, Interstate
Commerce Commission, Securities
and Exchange Commission, Com-
munications Commission, Civil
Aeronautics Board, Federal Re-
serve Board and the National La-
bor Relations Board.
To improve things, the Hoover
report. recommended that "all
administrative responsibility be
rested in the chairman" of each
commission.
That, it said, would make for
better administration and would
enable other members of the com-
missions to "discharge their re-
sponsibilities even more effective-
ly."
Michigan GOP
Rallies Forces
For Election
LANSING -(P)-- The Michigan
Republican party rallied its forces
yesterday for an offensive which
it hopes will take the spring elec-
tion by storm.
Among other moves, the Repub-
licans called former Gov. Harry
F. Kelly out of political retirement
for a campaign tour of the Upper
Peninsula.
STEPPING UP the pace of their
campaign drive, the Republicans
also:
Prepared to urge Michigan
congressmen to come home and
get to work in their home dis-
tricts;
Planned a meeting in Lan-
sing to spur action on their state
platform;
Made out team assignments for
the campaign in both peninsulas;
and
Warned Gus Scholle, chairman
of the state CIO-Political Action
Committee they would attack his
role as Democratic leader.
* * *
STATE CHAIRMAN Owen J.
Cleary of Ypsilanti. said Kelly
would again take an active role in
GOP politics -after a two-year re-
tirement.
Kelly will speak in Marquette,
March 24, Cleary announced, go
to Iron Mountain at noon the next
day and continue on to Escanaba
that evening.
In addition, State Superintend-
ent of Public Instruction Lee M.
Thurston and State Highway Com-
missioner Charles M. Zeigler have
been handed daily assignments to

JOHN L. LEWIS
. ..orders strike
BritainS"ays
B igarians
Defy Treaty
today that Bulgaria has no inten-
tion of living up to her peace
treaty guarantees of political and
religious freedom.
* * *
THE CHARGE was made in a
sharp protest note against the
trial of 15 Protestant church lead-
ers. It declared the churchmen's
confessions that they spied for
Britain were "completely false,"
and added:
"Religious freedom in Eastern
Europe is under a deliberate
general attack."
Four of the Protestant leaders
were sentenced to life and the
others to one to 15 years last
week after they pleaded guilty to
espionage and other charges.
". ,'.*
THE BRITISH note was deliv-
ered yesterday to the Bulgarian
Foreign Ministry in Sofia.
An informed source close to
the Foreign Office said Britain
may "take stronger steps" later.
The peace treaties with Bulgaria
and other former Nazi satellite
states prdvide that disputes over
violation of the pacts shall be
settled by the United Nations if
direct negotiations fail.
"Throughout the trial the Bul-
garian government has shown it-
self clearly more interested in the
dissemination of propaganda than
in the administration of justice,"
said the British note made public
here by the Foreign Office.

flay off 20,000 workers for the dur-
ation of the two week shutdown
and other railroads that have an-
nounced lay offs include the Ches-
apeake and Ohio, 15,000; Norfolk
and Western, 4,500; New York
Central,e3,375 and Louisville and
Nashville, 1,500.
Operations of the Railway Ex-
press Agency also slackened in
the New York City area where
agency officials announced that
9,000 workers would be made
idle as a result of the slowdown.
Thousands are already idle in
a wage and hour dispute between
the agency and the AFL Brother-
hood of Railway and Steamship
Clerks Union. The union is de-
manding a 40-hour week and an
hourly wage increase of twenty
five cents. The workers are pres-
ently employed 44 hours weekly
and earn from $1.32 to $1.34 an
hour.
* * *
IN CHICAGO, conferences on
an agreement on a five-day week
for one million non-operating
railroad workers continued, but
there was no indication of how
soon a written agreement might
be expected.
Meanwhile, in the face of the
shutdown, Joseph E. Moody,
president of the Southern Coal
Producers Association, told Con-
gressmen yesterday that "the
country may again face a crisis
in coal.",
At the hearing, Moody said that
he favored retaining sections in
the Taft-Hartley law under which
both sides are required to bargain
with each other under good faith.
* * *
MOODY SAID outside the
House Labor Committee hearing
room that Lewis may be trying
for a bargaining position in con-
tract negotiations by trimming
down the large supply of coal
above ground.
But George Love, president of
the Pittsburgh Consolidation
Coal Co., regarded the two-week
shutdown of all coal pits east of
the Mississippi as "just an or-
dinary strike with a little black
ribbon tied on it."
It was also believed that the
steel mills would soon be affected
by the shutdowns, but not im-
mediately. The record breaking
70,000,000 tons of coal above
ground, compared to a normal
supply of 50,000,00 tons, which is
about a thirty day supply, was
expected to mollify the effect of
the shutdown on this and most
other industries.E
* *
MEANWHILE the 56,000 miners
in western Pennsylvania and the
100,000 in West Virginia joined
together with the diggers in other
states in affirming their inten-
tions to stand back of Lewis.
While Lewis did not call the
work halt a strike, Senator Elbert
Thomas (Dem.-Utah), Chairman
of the Senate Labor Committee,7
considered the shutdown as such1
and said that "it will probablyt
affect the public emotionally andf
thus affect pending legislation."

Israeli Face
British Near
Red Sea Port
Jews Take Over
Negev Coastline
LONDON-(R)-Britain ordere
reinforcements yesterday to Aqaba,
Trans-Jordan's tiny Red Sea port,
while five miles away, across the
Gulf of Aqaba, Jewish armored
columns are in possession of the
Negev's short Red Sea coastline.
Trans-Jordan, which signed a
cease-fire pact for the whole Pal-
estine front Friday at Rhodes, has
informed Britain officially of the
Israeli advance to the Red Sea
shore. Israel says the territory is
hers under the United Nations
partition arrangement.
ALTHOUGH ISRAEL disclaimed
any intention of attacking or
transgressing, Britain apparently
is viewing the situation as dan-
gerous. The British and their ally
Trans-Jordan, do not recognize
the Israeli claim to the southern
wedge of the Negev.
The Israeli armored columns
had thrust through the south
east desert for a week to reach
the coast at Eilat. There the
Negev forms a wedge between
Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Trans-
Jordan and touches the Red Sea
for five miles.
Amman quarters accused the Is-
raelis of trying to grab what they
want and present the UN with an
accomplished fact, as they did
with the seizure of Arab Beer-
sheba from the Egyptians last Oc-
tober.
*. * *
IN LONDON, the British war
office tersely announced that "the
British detachment at Aqaba is
being reinforced." Britain has a
treaty with Trans-Jordan which
would require her to go to the
aid of King Abdullah'ssnation if it
should be attacked. About 1,000
British troops were sent' to Aqaba
in January at Abdullah's request.
British informants refus d to
tell -the size of the renforce-
ments, where they wouldbe-sent
from or whether Abdullah asked
for them.
Aqaba is a strategic spot in the
Middle East. It is the only access
to trade routes for Abdullah's oth-
erwise landlocked kingdom. From
Aqaba ships can sail into the
Indian Ocean or up to the Suez
Canal and into the Mediterranean.;
*. * *
ACROSS THE GULF, troops of
Israel are within rifle fire of three
of her Arab neighbors, her en-
emies in the recent Palestine war.1
These are Trans-Jordan, Egypt
and Saudi Arabia.
R. H. S. Crossman, a Labor
member of the British Parlia-
ment who recently returned
from Israel, said the new Jew-1
ish state has plans to establish1
its own port on the Red Seaf
to aid in economic development
of the desert area.t
Israeli foreign minister Moshe1
Sharet (Shertok) told newsmen
in Tel Aviv yesterday that Israel
regards the Negev coastline ast
Israeli territory. He said Israelf
had no intention of attacking
Trans-Jordan.I

(I ___________I

Eighty-five per cent of students
questioned in a Daily poll oppose
any limitation of class cuts by the
University.
Faculty members questioned at
random split six for and six
against on regulation.
DAILY STAFFERS quizzed more
than 220 students from various
sections of the University to get
a random sampling of student
opinion on class cutting policy.
The survey, first of a weekly
series, does not have a scientific
basis.
Students were asked to explain
their stand on the cutting ques-
tion, which is under consideration
by the University administrative
board.
Several "standard" answers were
given to Daily pollsters:
1. Ninety-two students said that
going to class was a student re-
sponsibility and that if they could
get grades withouit attendance,
"more power to them."
2. "We are mature enough to
decide for ourselves," said sixty-
five students.
3. Fifteen said there would be no
Showdown
a of fing on
~RentalBill
WASHINGTON -(P)-Adminis-
tration forces scurried around
yesterday rallying House Demo-
crats for a showdown on rent con-
trols Tuesday.
It looked as if they might be
able to ram a control bill through
without any more major changes.
BUT THERE MAY BE a couple
more big fights-to turn over con-
trols to local authorities and to
extend controls for only 90 days.
Democratic leaders agreed
with Republicans that the
scraps will be hard and close.
Rent control is but one of the
package of bills docketed for a
House vote during the week. Oth-
ers involve sales tax, for the dis-
trict of Columbia, rural telephone,
military and appropriations legis-
lation.
THE RENT BILL the House is
tussling with would extend con-
trols for 15 months, until June 30,
1950, instead of the 22 months
the administration asked.
The decision on the measure
was put off over the weekend.
Democratic chiefs didn't want
to take any chances on mem-
bers being out of town afterj
they squeaked by one crucial
ballot Friday with only 15 votes
to spare.
That was a Republican maneu-
ver for a 90-day extension past
the March 31 expiration date.
* * *
THE GOP is going to try again
on that one just before the vote
on final passage. It is planning
a move to return the bill to the
Banking Committee under orders
to limit it to 90 days. Key Demo-
crats figure they can beat back
the Republican drive.
And while the House is passing
them, the Senate may decide what*
to do about settling the filibuster
that has held up the progress of
legislation for two weeks. Impor-
tant bills await Senate action.

trouble if classes were
ing.

interest-I

THE 35 STUDENTS who favor-
ed the limiting of cuts argued that
otherwise free time would be abus-
ed and students could not learn
or contribute in class.
They said the University is a
place of learning and students
are here for that purpose.
They proposed limitations rang-
ing from one cut per class to ten
per cent of the class time.
THE BREAKDOWN of the sur-
vey is as follows:
Students against any limitation,
187.
Students in favor of a limit, 35.
The limits proposed by the
thirty-five in favor of a regula-
tion were:
One cut per class hour, 5 stu-
dents.
Three cuts per semester, 7 stu-
dents.
Five cuts per semester, 5 stu-
dents.
The remaining students suggest-
ed a limit on cuts ranging up to
ten or the discretion of the pro-
fessor.
* * *
REASONS PRESENTED by the
faculty members for or against
any proposed limitation were about
the same as those presented by
students.
A Daily survey of class cut-
ting regulations on other cam-
puses revealed varied situations.
At Cornell, students are allow-
ed as many cuts as class hours, but
the regulation is not enforced.
Students must take examinations
and if they pass that is all that
matters, according to the editor
of the Cornell Daily Sun.
THE MICHIGAN State Sparten
editor reported students there, as
here, were "expected to attend
classes regularly," but the rule
varied from department to depart-
ment, the usual regulating factor
being, the number of class hours
per week.
The University of Illinois has
a rule making students attend
the days before and after vaca-
tions or fail the course.
The Daily Illini editor reported
that no other limitations were fol-
lowed. Students at Illinois are
starting a move to abolish exist-
ing regulations, he wrote.
The University of Texas allows
its departments to make their own
rules with the stipulation that the
instructor must report three suc-
cessive absences and students on
probation must attend classes, ac-
cording to regulations adopted in
1946.
Choir To Give
Concert at Hill
A complete program of contem-
porary choral works will be per-
formed by the University Choir
at 7 p.m. Tuesday in Hill Audi-
torium. '
The 240-voice Choir, under the
direction of Maynard Klein, will
be assisted by the University Rep-
ertory Orchestra and accompan-
ied by pianist George Exon.
Highlight of the program will
be the world premiere -of "Mag-
nificate" for choir and instru-
mental ensemble, written by
Homer Keller, instructor in the
University music school.

Filibuster

May

Be

TIRED - GOP Sen. Cain of
Washington, shown above just
after he had completed a six-
hour speaking session during
the current filibuster, isi one
of the band of lawmakers whosej
"talkathon" tactics have ap-
parently killed the president's
civil rights program.
A C7
Phonte Lines.
Plot Bare,-d
NEW YORK - (UP - Mayor
O'Dwyer today disclosed a spec-
tacular plot to get city officials'
secrets by telephone wiretapping.
The district attorney later an-
nounced that evidence of the plot
would go to a grand jury.
Two alleged wiretappers were
arrested early yesterday but one
duped his captors by going out a
window at City Hall while they
thought he was in a rest room.
* * *
HOURS LATER the man, Ken-
neth Ryan, 45, a retired city de-
tective, still was free.
However, officials said tonight
they understood Ryan planned
to surrender.
Officials hinted the wire-
tapping might involve prominent
political enemies of O'Dwyer.
* *4*
THE OFFICE OF district at-
torney Frank S. Hogan said evi-
dence would go to the grand jury
tomorrow and among those sub-
poenaed was John G. Broady, at-
torney.
"I most emphatically deny
ever' having anything to do di-
rectly with wiretapping," Broady
told reporters.
Police said Edward Jones, whom
Broady toldreporters he had
hired but not "to do anythingI
illegal at any time," was cooper-
ating with police and talking free-
ly.
THEY SAID JONES, a former
Treasury Department agent, was
making "startling revelations,
naming prominent names and or-
ganizations in public and business
affairs."
There were indications the in-
vestigation might spread to other
parts of the country.
The mayor said the wire taps
also were to be placed on lines
of officials in Chicago and De-
troit.

Halted

'After Parties Meet Today

Students Oppose
Cut Restrictions

"
Compromise
Seen as End
To Deadlock
Truman Gives
Go Ahead Signal
WASHINGTON - (M )- Pei
dent Truman last night signalled
for a settlement of the SenatQ
filibuster.
The 12-day talkathon may be at
an end.
WITH HIS legislative program
at an absolute standstill in the
Senate, Mr. Truman gave hIs
blessing to a conference called for
today to work out a compromise'.
Any agreement would mean
an end to his fight to smash-
the filibuster. The administra-
tion had lost in a test vote.
Its only weapon left is to try'
to wear out the Southerners
while vital bills gather dust.
Mr. Truman talked to his Sen-
ate lieutenants from Key West,
Fla., where he is vacationing. Sen-
ator McGrath (D-RD reported the
President is "agreeable to any-
thing that will work out a solu-
tion."
THE SENATE recessed abrupt-
ly at 7:51 p.m. in the midst of a
night session when it was an-
nounced that a solution was to be
attempted. Leaders of administra-
tion Democrats, Southern Demo-
crats and Republicans will be it
on the Sunday huddle.
Majority Leader Lucas (D-
Ill.) told the Senate that these
groups expected to work u, y
settlement. This would head off
round-the-clock sessions which
he had threatened to start Mon-
day to break the filibuster.
Lucas, with a broad smile, warn-
ed that no definite agreement had
been reached as yet but quickly
added that a compromise is pos-
sible.
* * *
SENATOR RUSSELL (D-Ga.),
Dixie leader, and Republican lead-
er Wherry of Nebraska agreed
cautiously, apparently wary about
the bargaining yet to take place.
Invited to the "secret session"
Sunday are Lucas and deputy
Democratic leader Myers (Pa.),
Republican leader Wherry (Neb.)
and GOP Senators Saltonstall
(Mass.) and Knowland (Cal.) and
Senators Russell and Byrd (D-
Va.) from the Dixie group, as well
as Senator Hayden (D-Arz.),
chairman of the Senate Rules
Committee.
Senator Byrd, a leader among
the filibustering southerners,
told a reporter he, too, was
"pretty hopeful" of a compro-
mise.
Earlier Lucas had threatened
'round-the-clock sessions begin-
ning Monday in an effort to break
the two weeks talkathon.
U.S. May Get
Atlantic Bases
In New Pact
WASHINGTON-M)-High U.S.
officials . told Denmark's foreign
minister today that the Atlantic
treaty would provide a "frame-
work" to solve the long-pending
problem of American air bases
on Greenland.

Today's talk between State De-
partment leaders and Foreign
Minister GustavRasmussen pro-
vided the first definite informa-
tion that American officials do in
fact feel the treaty will greatly
ease the base solution.
* * *
WHEN RASMUSSEN left he
told reporters in response to ques-
tions that the group talked about
prospects for American military
aid to Western Europe under the
treaty.
Actually it was learned that

* * *

LOCAL DEBUT:
Indianapolis Symphony
Will Play Here Tonight
* * *
Performing music from classical
to contemporary compositions, the
Indianapolis Symphony, under the
direction of Fabien Sevitzky, will
make their local debut at 7 p.m.'
today in Hill Auditorium.j

World News'
Round-Up
By The Associated Press
THE HAGUE-The premiers of
Belgium, the Netherlands and
Luxembourg announced last night
the forging of a complete Benelux
economic union, effective July 1,
1950.
The agreement becomes effec-
tive in two stages, with a pre-un-
ion state to be reached this July.
The economic union would de-
pend on continuation of the Mar-
shall Plan.
* *
REYKJAVIK, Iceland --Ice-
land has been invited to partic-
ipate in Washington talks on
the North Atlantic pact and has
accepted.
A government delegation
headed by foreign minister
Bjarni Benediktsson arranged to
leave by plane for New York
and Washington.
ROME-Communist-led crowds
stormed through downtown Rome
for a wild half hour last night
shouting protests against Italy's
adherence to the Atlantic Pact.

TO OBSER VE BIRTHDAY:
Einstein Criticizes Modern Education

OPENING THE program with
"Roman Carnival Overture," by
Berlioz, the Symphony will follow
with Vinci-Guerrini's Sei Danze
Antiche. and Barber's Essay No. 1.1

EVANSTON, Ill - (P) - Albert
Einstein, one of the great scholars
of all time, has poked a probing

THE VOLUME, edited by Paul
Arthur Schilpp, will not be pub-
lished before next November. But,

clearly the fundamentally impor-
tant, that which is really basic,
from the rest of the more or less

.. . y;.:.,.::.: ;1 v

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